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Патент USA US2106856

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‘Feb. 1, 1938. '
B. E. RoEEM
\ "2,106,856
RECORD KEEPING DEVICE
Filéd Feb. 9, 1954
3 Sheets-Sheet l
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Feb. 1, 1938.
‘
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'
B, E_ ROREM
7
2,106,856
RECORD KEEPING DEVICE
Filed Feb. 9, 1934
4
5 Sheets-Sheet?
P15. 12
‘I .3201 28
70
INVENTOA’
,
'
BERNARD E. POPEM
Feb. 1, 1938.
B. E. RoREM
2, 1 06, 856
RECORD KEEPING DEVICE
Filéd Feb. 9, 1954
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
2,106,856
Patented Feb. 1, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,106,856
RECORD KEEPING DEVICE
Bernard E. Korem, Evanston, Ill.
Application February 9, 1934, Serial No. 710,458
20 Claims. (Cl. 129-46)
This invention relates to improvements in rec
ord keeping or ?ling devices for use in various
business establishments and the like and has
among its objects the provision of novel devices
6 of the character indicated which will save time
and labor in accurately keeping, checking, trans
posing and transferring such records.
Generally stated, the invention consists in
novel devices and combinations of devices here~
10 inafter described and de?ned in the claims.
The invention is clearly illustrated in the ac
companying drawings wherein like characters in
dicate like parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings:
15
Fig. l is a perspective view of a cabinet ?le
drawer incorporating certain embodiments of the
invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail view sectioned on
the line 2--2 of Fig. l and having some parts
20 broken away;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary detail view taken on
the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Figs. 4 to 7, inclusive, are fragmentary per
spective views illustrating several successive
25 steps during the application of a novel anchor
ing element to a card-like record carrier;
Fig. 8 is a view in edge elevation of a card-like
record holder or carrier with an applied record
sheet and anchoring element;
30
Fig. 9 is a plan View of a record sheet in com
pletely opening or unfolded condition;
Fig. 10 is a face'view of a record carrier, sim
ilar to those of previously mentioned ?gures, and
having applied thereto a record sheet, similar
35 to those of previous ?gures, but incorporating
somewhat modi?ed means for detachably anchor
ing the record sheet thereto;
Fig. 11 is an edge view of the device, as shown
in Fig. 10;
40
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of one of the
pivot lugs, shown particularly in Figs. 2 and 3;
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of slightly modi?ed
form of pivot lug; and
Fig. 14 is a fragmentary sectional view illus
45 trating the application of the lug shown in Fig. 13.
Referring particularly to Figs. 1 to 12, inclu
sive, the reference characters A designate record
carriers or holders which are preferably, and as
illustrated, in the nature of substantially rectan~
50 gular cards and may, as will hereinafter become
apparent, have certain data applied directly
thereon or may serve solely as carriers for a re
movably applied record sheet or sheets but, in
any event, will serve in the capacity of a record
or OI carrier. A plurality of these record carriers A
will usually be pivotally mounted adjacent one
edge to a substantially ?at base of support B,
which, in the present instance, is in the nature
of a file cabinet drawer of more or less conven
tional character, in spaced relation on the sup-. 5
port and for approximately 180° of pivotal move
ment so that either side thereof may be turned
up and so that the free edges of overlapping rec
0rd carriers will be progressively stepped back.
The particular devices here illustrated for
pivotally attaching the record-like carriers A to
the base of support B will later be described in
detail, it suf?cing for the moment to understand
that the record carriers are pivotally mounted.
Folded over an edge of each card-like record 15
holder or carrier and preferably over a free edge
of each thereof, to afford a connected pair of
substantially parallel leaves l5 each overlying an
opposite side of its carrier A, is a record sheet C.
The folded sheets C may be detachably an 20
chored to their respective holders in various dif
ferent ways but this can very conveniently and
economically be accomplished, in the vicinity of
the line of fold of the sheet adjacent the asso
ciated edges of the card-like holder which in the 25
preferred arrangement illustrated are the free
edge portions of the holders A, by either the ar
rangement illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 8 and 9 or the
modi?ed arrangement illustrated in Figs. 10
and 11.
30
Referring particularly now to Figs. 1, 2, 8 and 9,
it will be noted that the free edge portions of
the card-like holders A are provided with later
ally spaced opposed lugs I6 each inwardly over
lapping the free edge portion of their respective
holder, over which the sheet is folded, to afford
sheet-receiving recesses l1. When the sheet C is
operatively positioned, the lugs l6 overlap the
opposite edge portions thereof at the line of fold,
indicated by dotted lines at IS in Fig. 9, and lock 40
the sheet against accidental outward displace
ment in respect to the axis of the holder and
against lateral displacement in respect to the
holder.
Application of a record sheet to and removal
thereof from a holder or carrier A is quickly
and conveniently effected vby merely buckling the
intermediate portion of the sheet at the line of
fold. It is desirable in many instances to also
lock the sheet against endwise sliding movements
through the recesses l1 and this is preferably ao~
complished by providing opposite edges of the
sheets with outwardly opening recesses IS, in
alignment with the line of fold l8 thereof, for
reception of the lugs Hi. It will of course, be un
55
'2
2,106,856
derstood that the lugs 16 will be spaced closer to
gether when the sheet is recessed than it will
desirable in that it is simple and inexpensive to
provide, is positive and dependable in operation,
and renders application and removal of the sheets
tion and while the said sheet leaf is in a practi
be when the sheet recesses are omitted.
This
arrangement for detachably anchoring the record
sheets to the holders or carriers is very highly
very simply and quickly accomplished.
10
Referring now to the modi?ed means for de
t-achably anchoring the record sheet or sheets to
a holder, shown in Figs. 10 and 11, the record
carrier is indicated by A’ and the folded record
sheet by C’. In this instance the card-like
15 carrier A’, in place of being provided'with 0p
posed recesses for receiving only opposite edge
portions of the sheet, as in Figs. 1, 2, 8 and 9, is
provided in closely adjacent parallel relation to
its free edge with one or more long recesses in
the nature of a closed slot or slots Ila, it or each
thereof being sufficiently wide to receive a record
sheet C’ and providing an edge over which the
record sheet may be folded. Obviously this ar
rangement necessitates insertion of the record
25
in which case the leading leaf will tend, after
the holder passes beyond a vertical position, to
remain in a vertical position under continued
pivotal movements of the holder, due to action of
gravity. When this happens the free edge of a
leading sheet leaf will strike the ultimate support
while the holder is still in an intermediate posi
sheet by longitudinally sliding action and does
not permit the use of sheet recesses such as those
indicated by H! in Figs. 1, 2, 8 and 9.
With reference to the last described arrange
ment the edge of the holder A’ over which edge
the record sheet C’ is folded, is considered as the
free edge of the holder since it is close to and
for the purpose operates as the free edge of the
holder and all portions of the holder outward of
that edge are considered simply as means for
detachably anchoring the sheet to the holder.
In either of the arrangements of Figs. 1 to 11,
inclusive, it is desirable that each leaf of each
folded sheet C or C’ be terminated in relatively
close substantially parallel relation to the axis of
40 the holder since at this point there is a minimum
radial outward movement of air produced over
the leading face of a holder during pivotal move
ments from one position to another, and hence,
a minimum tendency to raise the free edge of
45 the leading sheet leaf away from the face of the
holder.
It Will be understood that there is a
natural air pressure produced during pivotal
movements of a record sheet-equipped holder
cally vertical position with the result that the
leaf will be crinkled up under continued pivotal
movement. This trouble, however, is also largely,
if not entirely, eliminated by terminating the
free edges of the sheet leaves in close relation to
the axis of pivotal movement since when this is
done the space between, the anchored edge of the
leading leaf and the ultimate support will be re
duced to less than suf?cient to permit the leading
leaf to acquire a vertical position under such very
small angular movements of the holder beyond
a vertical position that by the time the free edge
of the leading leaf does actually engage the
ultimate support, said leaf will have assumed
such an outwardly inclined position that its free
edge will slide freely toward the axis of the
holder.
With the sheets C folded over the holders A in
the manner described, the entire side of each
sheet leaf is available for entering of records
thereon by merely ?ipping the carrier A from one
extreme position to another to expose opposite,__
sheet leaves. This permits working downwardly
from one free edge of one sheet leaf to the line
of fold and then ?ipping the sheet-equipped
holder over to expose the opposite leaf and then
working from the line of fold down that sheet to ,~._ ,
the free edge thereof so that when each leaf is
?lled and the sheet is removed and opened out,
as in Fig. 9, the recorded information can be
read continuously from top to bottom of the open
sheet.
'
sheets l5 are narrower than the carriers A so that
portions of the carriers A are exposed and said
exposed portions and the adjacent sheet leaves are
provided with horizontal rulings that are ar-, .
ranged to become automatically aligned when the’
sheets are operatively positioned.
For use in
recording sales of merchandise, for example,
against the leading sheet leaf which tends to
certain permanent information such as names,
50 press and hold the leading leaf in ?rm contact
identi?cation, numbers and prices, of different
classes of merchandise may be applied directly to
the exposed portions of the card-like holders A
with information pertaining‘to each individual
with its holder and .thus prevent crinkling up of
the same between its holder and the holder en
gaged upon reaching an extreme position. There
is, however, also produced during such pivotal
class arranged on a different horizontal line and
the number of items of each class of merchan
movements an adversely acting radial outward
movement of air over the leading sheet leaf
which, if permitted to get under the free edge of
said leading leaf, will tend to lift the same out
of engagement with the holder. This adverse
zontally aligned relation on the ruled sheet leaf
opposite thereto by tally marks or the like.
In practice such information, as is contained
radial movement of air is, of course, at a mini
mum near the axis of the holder and increases
upon the record sheets C, is usually posted on a
permanent record sheet or the like at regular in
rapidly outward of the axis, hence the desirability
of maintaining the free edges of the sheet leaves
in relatively close proximity to the axis of the
65 holder. When this is done the adverse action
of the radially outward moving currents of air
will be so‘ minimized as to be ineffective even if
tervals, sometimes daily. This operation can
readily and accurately be accomplished by provid~
ing permanent record or posting sheets, not
the free edges of the leaves are turned or curled
as is apt to happen in use.
70
Another advantage in having the free ends of
the sheet leaves terminate in close proximity to
the axis of their respectiveholders is found when
pivotal movements of a record sheet-equipped
holder are so slow as to produce no appreciable
75 favorable air pressure against the leading leaf,
40
In the particular adaptation illustrated, the
dise sold or called for may be recorded in hori~ "
shown, of a length at least equal to that of a fully
opened sheet C and providing such posting sheets '
with rulings spaced to correspond to those of the
record leaves l5 so that a sheet C, when removed
from the holder, can be opened out and placed
with each of its horizontal rulings in alignment
with corresponding rulings on the posting sheet
and the information properly posted or trans
ferred line for line from one sheet to another. Of
course, this line for line transferring or posting
can be carried on progressively and without inter
65
-. 2,106,856
3
ruption from top to bottom of the open sheets over
spaced pair of guide channels 33. In this ar
both of its opposite leaves.
rangement the lugs 28 are under spring tension to
expand beyond the con?nes of the channels 33
and therefore frictionally engage the channels
with sufficient pressure to prevent accidental dis
placement thereof from the channel. Displace
ment of a lug 28 is effected by raising the corner
portion 34 thereof over the shallow outer side 35
When used in ac
cordance with the example just described, the
holders will serve as index cards and will be pro
vided with suitable identi?cation tabs 20 and
the sheets C will serve as tally or transfer sheets.
However, the use of the invention as above de
scribed is merely illustrative and is only one of
the many uses for which the novel devices may be
advantageously employed.
For use in pivotally anchoring the holders A
to the base of support B, I detachably apply to
the bottom edge of each holder A, a resilient an
choring element 2| formed to afford trunnions
22 suitable for journalling to the support B. For
reception of opposite end portions of the resilient
anchoring elements 2|, the card-like holders A
are provided, adjacent their lower edges, with lat
erally spaced apertures 23. Intermediate these
20 apertures 23 the holders are formed with laterally
spaced slots extending inwardly from the bottom
edges of the holders, said slots being in the nature
of the anchoring element-receiving apertures 24
spaced from the edges of the holders and con
nected to the edges by narrow slits 25.
The resilient anchoring elements 2| are prefer
ably of spring wire and are formed near opposite
trunnion-forming ends with opposed laterally off
set U-shaped loops 26 that are spaced equal to
30 that of the holder apertures 23 and normally em
brace opposite sides of the card-like holders ad
jacent the apertures 23. The free end portions of
. these loops 26 extend beyond the pivoted edges of
the holders A and are turned outwardly to afford
the trunnions 22. To apply an anchoring element
2! to a card~like holder A, the anchoring element
and holder are bowed in opposite directions and
then the trunnions 22 of the anchoring elements
are inserted into the holder recesses 23, all as in
dicated in Fig. 4. The holder and anchoring ele
ment are then permitted to return to their nor
mal conditions as in Fig. 5. The anchoring ele
ment is next positioned so that each of its loops 26
embraces the sides of the card-like holder adja
45 cent the apertures 23 and the trunnions are prop
erly positioned as in Fig. 6.
Now for the purpose of locking the anchoring
element 2 I against accidental twisting or dislocat
ing movements, the intermediate portion of the
50 anchoring element is interlocked with the holder
by laterally inserting the same into the spaced
apertures 26; through the slits 25, as in Fig. 7.
This can most readily be accomplished by bending
the lip, formed between the spaced slits 25 and
55 indicated by 27, toward the holder, inserting the
holder and then permitting the lip 21 to return to
a normal position. Preferably the intermediate
portions of the anchoring elements are offset ap
proximately the thickness of the holders for a
60 space equal to the distance between the slits 25.
To receive the trunnions 22 and afford journals
therefor, the support 13 is provided with a longi
tudinally extended series of opposed pairs of lugs
indicated by 28 in Figs. 1, 2 and 12, and by 28a in
65 Figs. 13 and 14. With reference to Figs. 1, 2 and
12, the pivot lugs 28 are in the nature of spring
metal clips having main bodies of approximately
U-shaped horizontally disposed and free ends
turned upward to afford laterally spaced verti
70 cally disposed ?anges 29 and 30, the latter being
provided with trunnion-receiving apertures. 3|
and the former being provided with gripping edges
32.
The opposite lugs 28 of each pair thereof are
75 slidably mounted in an opposite one of a vertically
of its channel 33, this being accomplished by
squeezing the ?anges 29 and 30 thereof together 10
and then moving the lug laterally outward from
the channel. To inserta lug 28 it is merely neces
sary to press the same laterally into the channel.
The lugs 28 are readily slidable in the channels
and in practice are pushed one against the neXt in
line and are of such width as to maintain desired
spacing of the holders A. Insertion of the op
posite trunnion of a holder into the apertures pro
vided therefor in opposite lugs 28 of a common
pair is quickly and easily accomplished by bow 20
ing the holder and applied anchoring element
su?iciently to permit initial insertion of‘ the trun
nio-n and then releasing the same and permitting
them to assume a natural shape.
With reference to Figs. 13 and 14 lugs 28‘*, which
may be cast, are approximately L-shaped, are
provided in their vertically disposed ?anges 36
with trunnion-receiving apertures 303 and the
horizontal ?anges thereof are formed with raised
beaded edges 31. For use with this form of pivot v30
lug the support B is provided with spring metal
channels 38, the upper ?anges of which conform
to the lower ?anges of the pivot lugs 28a and
engage the same with spring tension. These lugs
can be quite readily inserted into and removed
from the channels by lateral movements under
sufficient pressure to spring the upper edge of
channel 38 open enough to permit passage of the
beaded edge 31 of the lug 28a.
This application is ?led as a continuation in 40
part of my copending application Serial Number
702,917, ?led of date December 18, 1933 and en
titled “Filing system”.
What I claim is:
1. In a record keeping device, the combination 45
with a rectangular card-like holder provided at
one edge with means for pivotally mounting the
same to a suitable base of support, of a record
sheet folded over one of the other edges of the
rectangular holder to afford a pair of connected
leaves overlying opposite sides of the holder, and
means for detachably anchoring the folded por
tion of the sheet to the holder and leaving other
portions of the opposite leaves free, said sheet
leaves extending into close relation to but not be
yond the normal axis of the holder.
2. In a record keeping device, the combination
with a substantially rectangular holder mounted
at one edge on a base of support for pivotal move
ments in respect thereto, of a record sheet folded
over the free edge of the holder to aiford a pair of
leaves overlying opposite sides of the holder, and
means detachably anchoring the folded portion of
the sheet to the free edge portion of the holder,
the said opposite leaves of the folded sheet being
free except at the fold and terminating with their
free edges in relatively close proximity to but. not
beyond the axis of the pivoted edge of the holder.
3. In a record keeping device, the combination
with a substantially rectangular and relatively
stiff card-like holder provided at one edge with
means for pivotally anchoring the same to a base
of support, of a relatively ?exible record sheet
folded over the normally free edge of the holder
to afford a pair of opposite leaves overlying oppo 75
‘2,106,856
site‘ faces of the holder, said'leaves terminating ‘apertures, with laterally spaced slots extending
with their free edges in relatively close proximity inwardly from the edge of the card'to permit lat
to'but not beyond the normally pivoted edge of the eral insertion of a portion of the wire-element
holder and being free except ‘ at the fold, and
intermediate the, loops thereof, the intermediate
means for detachably anchoring the folded por
- tion of the sheet to the normally free edge of the
holder.
4. The combination with a base of support and
a substantially rectangular card-like holder‘ piv
portion of the wire-like element being offset ap
proximately the thickness of the card- between
points normally received by the card slots.
12. In a record keeping device, the combina
tion with a base of support, a substantially rec
10 oted at one edge to the base of support for move
tangular card-like holder mounted at one edge 10
ments of approximately 180°, of a relatively ?exi- ' on the base of-support for pivotal movements
ble record sheet folded over the free edge of the
holder to afford a pair of opposite leaves normally
overlying opposite faces of the holder and termi
mating with their free edges in relatively close
proximity to the axis of the holdensaid leaves
being free except at the fold, and means for de
tachably connecting the folded‘ portion of the
sheet to the free edge of the holder.
5. In a record keeping device, the combination
with a substantially rectangular card-like holder,
of va record sheet folded over one edge of the
holder to afford a pair of leaves overlying opposite
sides of the holder,»said card-like holder being
provided with laterally spaced opposed projec
tions normally overlying opposite edge portions
of the sheet at the fold.
6. The structurede?ned in claim 5 in further
combination with opposed recesses in the sheet,
30 one extending inwardly from each side thereof in
alignment with the fold, the distance betweenthe
inner extremities of the sheet recesses being ap
proximately equal to the distance between the
inner extremities of the recesses formed by the
projections of the holder.
7. The structure de?ned in claim 2 in which the
cmeans for detachably anchoring the folded sheet
to the holder includes laterally spaced projections
on the holder normally overlying opposite edge
portions of the sheet at the fold.
-
-
t 8. The structure de?ned in claim 2 in which the
means for detachably anchoring the folded sheet
to the holder includes laterally spaced projections
on the holder normally overlying opposite edge
portions of the sheet at the fold, and opposed re
cesses in opposite edge portions of the sheet in
alignment with the fold, the distance. between the
inner extremities of the sheet recesses being ap
proximately equal to- the distance between ‘the
50 inner extremities of the recesses formed by the
in respect thereto, of a record sheet folded over
one of the other edges of the rectangular holder
to afford a pair of connected leaves overlying
opposite sides of the holder, and means for de-‘ 15
tachably anchoring the folded portion of the
sheet to the holder and leaving other portions
of the opposite leaves free, said sheet leaves ex
tending into close relation to but not beyond the
normal axis of the holder.
'
'20
l3.v The structure defined in claim 3 in which
the means for detachably anchoring the folded
sheet to the holder includes laterally spaced pro
jections on the holder normally overlying oppo
site edge ‘portions of the sheet at the fold.
14. The structure de?ned in claim .3 in which
the means for detachably anchoring the folded
sheet to the holder includes laterally spaced pro
jections on the holder normally overlying op
posite edge portions of the sheet at the fold, and‘ 30
opposed recesses in opposite edge portions of the
sheet in alignment with the fold, the distance be
tween the inner extremities of the sheet recesses
being approximately equal to ‘the distance be
tween the inner extremities of the recesses formed 35
by the holder projections.
15. .The structure de?ned in claim 1 in which
the means for detachably anchoring the folded
sheet to the holder includes laterally spaced pro
jections on the holder normally overlying oppo--.
site edge portions of the sheet at the fold, and
opposed recesses in opposite edge portions of the
sheet in alignment with the fold, the distance
between the inner‘extremities of the sheet re
cesses being approximately equal to the distancer 45
between the inner extremities of the recesses
formed by the holder projections.
holder projections.
16. A device of the character described com
prising an index card and a transfer sheet folded
over the upper edge of the card and extending 50
down over the front and back faces thereof, said
9. In a record keeping device, the combination
with a record carrying card, of laterally spaced
tabs on said upper edge releasably engaging op
apertures adjacent one edge of the card, a re
55 silient wire-like element formed near opposite
ends with laterally offset U-shaped loops spaced
equal to that of the apertures in the card and
normally embracing opposite sides of the card
adjacent the apertures, said loops being offset ap
60 proximately at right angles to the intermediate
portion of the wire-like element and the free ends
of said loops extending at approximately that
angle to a point normally beyond the edge of the
card and terminating in aligned outturned trun
65 nions that are insertable through the card aper
tures by bowing the intermediate portion of the
wire-like element.
10. The structure de?nedlin claim 9 in which
the card is provided, intermediate the ?rst noted
apertures, with laterally spaced slots extending
inwardly from the edge of the card to permit lat
eral insertion of a portion of the wire element in
termediate the loops thereof.
11. The structure de?ned in claim 9 in which
75 the card is provided, intermediate the ?rst noted
card having inwardly opposed, spaced, integral
posite edges of the sheet.
17. In a record keeping device, the combination 955
with a substantially rectangular card-like holder
provided at one edge with means for pivotally
mounting the same to a suitable base of sup
port, of a record sheet folded over the holder
near one of its other edges to afford a pair of 160
connected leaves overlying opposite sides of the
holder, and means for detachably anchoring the
folded portion of the sheet to the holder and leav
ing other portions of the opposite leaves free,
said sheet leaves extending into close relation to \
but not beyond the normal axis of the holder.
18. In a record keeping device, the combina
tion with a base of support, a substantially rec
tangular card-like holder mounted at one edge
on the base of support for pivotal movements
in respect thereto, of a record sheet folded over
the holder near one of its other edges tolaiford
a pair of connected leaves overlying opposite
sides of the holder, and means for detachably
anchoringthe folded ‘portion of thesheetto the 75
'
2,106,866
holder and leaving other portions of the opposite
leaves free, said sheet leaves extending into close
relation to but not beyond the normal axis of
the holder.
19. In a record keeping device, the combina
tion with a rectangular card-like holder pro
vided at one edge with means for pivotally
mounting the same to a suitable base of sup
port, of a record sheet folded over one of the
10 other edges of the rectangular holder to afford
a pair of connected leaves overlying opposite
sides of the holder and extending freely from
said holder edge into close relation to but not
beyond the axis of the holder, and interlocking
15 means for detachably anchoring the sheet to
the holder, said interlocking means for detach
ably anchoring the folded sheet to the holder in
cluding laterally spaced projections on the holder
normally overlying opposite edge portions of the
20 sheet at the fold.
20. In a record keeping device, the combina
5
tion with a, rectangular card-like holder pro
vided at one edge with means for pivotally
mounting the same to a suitable base of support,
of a record sheet folded over one of the other
edges of the rectangular holder to afford a pair
of connected leaves overlying opposite sides of
the holder and extending freely from said holder
edge into close relation to but not beyond the
axis of the holder, and interlocking means for
detachably anchoring the sheet to the holder, 10
said interlocking means for detachably anchoring
the folded sheet to the holder including later
ally spaced projections on the holder normally
overlying opposite edge portions of the sheet at
the fold, and opposed recesses in opposite edge 15
portions of the sheet in alignment with the fold,
the distance between the inner extremities of the
sheet recesses being approximately equal to the
distance between the inner extremities of the re
cesses formed by the holder projections.
BERNARD E. ROREM.
20
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