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Патент USA US2106997

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Feb.. 1`, 1938.
J. o__FENNER
2,106,997
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE
Filed July 11, 1953
4 sheets-sheet 1
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Feb. 1, 1938.
J. QFENNER
2,106,997
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE
Filed July ll, 1933
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Feb. l, 1938.
J. O. FENNER
2,106,997
BOTTLE LABELING MAGHïNE
` Filed July ll, 1953
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
61H0: nu? s
Feb. l, 1938.
J. o. FENNER
2,106,997
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE
Filed July 11, 1933
4fSheets-Sheet 4
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Patented Feb. 1, 1938
2,106,997
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,106,997
BOTTLE LABELING MACHINE
James 0. Fenner, Worcester, Mass., assis-nor to
Economic Machinery Company, Worcester,
Mass., a corporation oi' Massachusetts
a
Application July 11, 1933, Serial No. 679,959
17 Claims.
This invention relates to certain new and
useful improvements in bottle labeling machines,
and deals particularly with a type of apparatus
which is commonly known in the art as “spot
6 ting”. It is highly desirable that the labels or
other advertising matter be affixed to the surface
of the bottle or container in a predetermined po
sition, so that said goods may be arranged for
display in a more uniform and pleasing manner.
10 'I'his is particularly true in cases where the con
tainer is of the jug type with a mouth and handle
thereon, or a pail or bucket in which case the
container is provided with bail ears and a carry
ing handle. The label in such instancesl should
15 be placed uniformly on the' containers with re
Figure 4 is a top plan view of the gripper ele
ment;I and
Figure 5 is a view in side elevation of the grip
per element in its lowered or inoperative posi
tion.
5
Referring more in detail to the drawings, I in
dicates a conveyor of any conventional type for
introducing the jars or containers into the ro
tating turret generally designated at 2. This
turret 2 _consists of a central hub or body portion 10
3 with relatively spaced members 4_4. The
members 4_4 are provided with registering re-'cesses or pockets 5_5 for a partial reception of
the bottle, jar, or other container to be handled
in the labeling operation. Suitable bearing mem- 15
bers or rollers 6_6 are provided and positioned'
spect to the protuberances or projecting parts
within the pockets 5_5 for a purpose to be here
thereon, so that said goods may be more pleas
‘
ingly arranged in window advertising schemes or inafter described.
In order to conñne the containers within the
positioned on shelves for display purposes.
pockets 5_5, the turret 2 is surrounded from its 20 '
The main object of the present invention re
20
sides in the novel manner of feeding the article inlet side, to its delivery point with a curved wall,
to be labeled into the machine in a predetermined A"one part of which is stationary as at 1, and the
remaining portion being yieldable as at 48. The
set position so that the label or other advertis
ing medium that is to be subsequently applied yieldable portion is pivotally mounted as at 9 to a
lever I0 which in turn is pivotally secured at II
25 will be uniformly aflixed thereon.
°
to a stationary portion of the frame work of the
Another object of the invention is the pro
vision of a rotating turret which is adapted to machine. The yieldable wall 8 is pivotally con
shift and feed the containers in a given position nectedv at I2 to a crank lever I3 which is pivoted
30
to the labeling table or machine.
A still further object resides in the novel man
ner of permitting slippage of the container while
on the turret after the container has once as
sumed the given set position.
These and other objects will readily present
35 themselves to those skilled in this particular art,
when the following description is read in connec
tion with the attached drawings, and I deem it
within my rights to make certain changes in the
construction shown without departing from the
40 spirit of my invention. The scope of protection
will be apparent from the appended claims.
Referring to the drawings wherein similar let
ters of reference indicate like parts throughout
the several views:
Figure 1 is atop plan view showing the rotat
ing turret and a fragmentary portion of the ro
tatlng labeling table;
Figure 2 is a view in elevation of the rotating
50 turret showing one of the containers or jars in
frictional contact with the wall surrounding a
portion of the turret;
A
Figure 3 is a side elevation of the gripper ele
ment mounted beneath the rotary labeling table,
55 the latter being shown in section;
at I4 to an outstanding arm or bracket. I5.
In
order to apply the necessary tension to the yield- 30
able side wall 8, a contractile spring I6 is an
chored at one end as at Il and has its opposite
end connected to the freel end of the crank lever
I3. 'I‘he crank lever I3 is also provided with an
adjustable screw or bolt I8 which is adapted to 35
coact with a stationary abutment such as I9 to
limit the inward position of the yieldable wall
portion B.
.
»
.
On top of the turret and adjacent the face of
each pocket 5_5, there is pivotally mounted a 40
catch or dog 20 one end of which has an angular
offset 2| and the opposite ends carrying a cylin
drical roller or Wheel 22. In order to hold the
pivoted dog 20 in its operative position, _there is
provided a contractile spring 23. This spring is 45
anchored at one end to an upstanding pin or lug
24 on the turret and is attached at its opposite
end as at 25 to the roller end of the catch or
dog 20. The spring tension on the dog 20 is
governed by a stop screw 26 which is adjustable |50A
for the purpose of limiting the inward movement
of the dog 20 in accordance with the size of the
article being handled.
` A cam plate 21 is mounted adjacent the outlet
of the turret, that is, where the container is to be ß
2
2, 106,997
mands. The raising or lowering of the grip fin
ger is accomplished by providing a roller I1 on.
the long'arm 3l, said roller being arranged to
delivered from the turret to the labeling table
and is adapted to contact with the roller end of
the dog 23 during the rotating movements of the
turret 2. This cam plate is longitudinally slotted
ride on the cam surface Il, the latter being fas
tened to a stationary portion of the under frame
of the machine. This cam surface 4l has an over
as at 23-28 to receive the fastening bolts or
screws 29-29 and may be adjusted to trip the
lying angular shoe 40 which _causes the grip iin
dogs'2ll in accordance with the desired operation.
'I'he operation of the machine, thus far de
10
As the containers, which in the present ln
stance, are shown as a pivoted lever locking type,
are presented to the turret, they are individually
received in the pockets and restA against the rollers
therein. As the turret revolves, the outer surface
15 of the container contacts with the surrounding
curved wall, which at the entry portion and for
a substantial distance inward therefrom, is suf
ñciently spaced to cause little or no action on
the container other than a retaining means. As
20 the container comes in contact with the yielding
wall portion, a more positive or frictional con
tact is encountered and the container will freely
rotate within the pocket until the ball or other
projecting part comes in contact with the angular
nosel of the pivoted dog. When this occurs the
container is in the proper position to receive its
80
ger to positively and quickly assume its retracted
„
scribed, will be as follows:
position.
'I'he operation of this grip finger comes into
play immediately _after the container has been
delivered to the table from the revolving turret
and grasps the container to hold it in its set posi
tion until the bottle labeling instrumentalities
start in their successive operation.
What I claim is:
1. In a labeling machine including a labeler
and means for feeding articles thereinto, the
combination of an article feeding turret, a wall
adjacent the turret and having a movable section
thereon, means for yieldably maintaining said
wall section in an inward position and a stop for
limiting said movement, said movable section ar
ranged to frictionally contact and turn the ar
label or other advertising matter and it is de
livered to the labeling table for the label amxing
ticles as they are carried by the turret and means
on the turret for arresting rotation of said ar
ticles when in a predetermined position so that
said articles are uniformly presented to the said
operation.
labeler.
I.
After the container has been delivered to the
2. In a labeling machine including a labeler
labeling table and during its transit to the first
labeling station, there may be a tendency for the
container to shift from its given set position and
and means for feeding articles thereinto, the
combination of an. article feeding mechanism to
present the articles to said labeler, means asso
ciated with the article feeding mechanism for
successively arranging the articles in a deñnite
to overcome this there is provided a supplemental
85 grip finger which comes into action immediately
after the container is set upon the rotating table.
Arranged beneath the rotating table 30 at each
bottle carrying station thereon is a block or cast
and uniform facial position and means for re
taining the set position of the articles for pres
entation to said labeler.
'
ing 3l which is securely fastened to the`under
40 side of said table by bolts 32-32. This block
3| is provided with a lower bearing 33 for the
3. In a labeling machine including a labeler and
a movable table or support for progressively pre
pivotal mounting of a lever 34 and an upper
bearing 35 in which a lever with a long arm 36
and a short arm 31 is pivotally secured. A link 38
mentalities, in combination with an article feed
ing mechanism wherein the articles are succes
sively arranged in a deiìnite and uniform facial
position prior to their entry on to the movable
is pivotally connected at _its upper end to the
short arm 31 and at its lower end to the lever 3|.
A grip finger 33 is pivotally connected at its lower
senting the articles to the several labeling instru
table or support and means on said table or sup
.port for maintaining said articles in their set
end to the forward end of the long arm 36, ` position for presentation to said labeler.
through the medium of a pin and slot connection,
and is adapted to be projected above the surface
of the table, as in Figure 3, or retracted below the
same as in Figure 5, in accordance with the ac
tion of the link and leverage mechanism just de
scribed. The block or casting _is further provided
'i with a slotted or cut out portion lll for the re
ception of a roller or other suitable bearing 4|
projecting from the side of the grip finger 39.
This affords a guide for the finger in its pro
jected or retracted movements. 'I‘he lower'pivotal
connection of the grip finger 39 permits the grip
finger to have a slight pivotal motion around the
roller 4l and a yieldable tension is applied to the
lower end of the grip finger. The long arm 36
is provided with an outstanding lug l2 through
Y
4. In a labeling machine including a labeler and
a movable table or support for progressively pre tov '
senting the articles to the several labeling instru
mentalities, in combination with an article feed
ing mechanism wherein the articles are succes
sively arranged in a definite and uniform facial
position prior to their entry on to the movable
table or support and means carried by the table
for gripping the opposite sides of the articles,
thereby maintaining said articles in their set po
sition for presentation to said labeler.
„
5. In a labeling machine including a labeler
and a movable table or support for progressively
presenting the articles to the several labeling in
strumentalities, in combination with an article
feeding mechanism wheren the articles are suc
65 which a pin I3 is slidably mounted. 'I'he pin has a . cessively arranged in a definite and uniform facial
headed end M and an. expansible spring 45 is position prior to their entry on to the movable
mounted on the pin between the lug 42 and the table or support and means carried by the table
headed end M. 'I‘he opposite end of the pin 43 _ for gripping the opposite sides of the articles,
is screw threaded for the reception of a nut I6 thereby maintaining said articles in their set po
by which means the tension on the grip arm may sition for presentation t'o said labeler, and means
be adjusted if desired. The purpose of this loose, for releasing the gripping action on the articles
but tensioned connection of the grip finger is to at the beginning of the labeling operation.
6. In a labeling machine including a labeler
permit the ?nger to have its" proper 81112D1118 BC
and a movable table or support for progressively
. tion under ordinary operating conditions and also
to allow a slight yield in case the occasion de- ì presenting the articles to the several labeling
su
3
2,106,997
instrumentalities, in combination with an article
feeding mechanism wherein the articles are suc
cessively arranged in a definite and uniform
grippers movable into-position to hold the labels
against the articles and at the same time hold
facial position prior to their entry on to the
the articles in thebrackets, the label grippers
being spaced upwardly from the bottoms of the
movable table or support, a recessed abutment
on the table for receiving the articles from-the
feeding mechanism» and a. pivoted grip finger
articles when in operative position, a gripping
device- pivotally mounted on'the table beneath
each bracket and arranged to swing in av sub
adapted to be> actuated tohold the articles in
their set position for presentation to said labeler.
7. In a labeling machine including a labeler
10
and'means for feeding articles thereinto, the
combination of an article feeding turret, a wall
adjacent the turret and having a movable sec
stantially vertical plane, each gripping device
being adapted to engagethe front surface of an
article near the bottom thereof and clamp the 10.
article against the corresponding bracket, and a.
tion thereon, means for yieldably maintaining
stationary- cam beneath the table to actuate- the
gripping devices and swing each device into en
gagement with the article before the correspond
15 said wall section_in an inward position and an
ing label gripper has _operated with respect
adjustable stop for limiting said movement, said
movable section arranged to frictionally contact
thereto.
12. A labeling machine comprising a table
rotatable about a vertical axis, V-lshaped
brackets mounted on the upper surface of the
and turn the articles as they are carried by the
turret and means on the turret for arresting
rotation of said articles when in a predetermined
position so that said articles are uniformly pre
sented to said labeler.
8. A labeling machine comprising _a table
rotatable about a vertical axis, brackets mounted
on the upper surface of the table, means to de
liver articles to the brackets, a. picker mechanism
to apply labels to the articles as they revolve with
table and open inthe direction of, travel, means 20
the table, label grippers 'movable into position
to hold the labels against the articles and at the
same time hold the articles in the brackets, a
gripping device mounted on the table adjacent
to _each bracket, and means to actuate each
to deliver articles to the brackets, a picker mech
anism to apply a label to the front surface of
each article as it revolves with the table, labelv
grippers movable into position to hold the labels
against the articles and-at the same time hold
the articles in the brackets, the label grippers
being spaced> upwardly from the bottoms of the
articles when in operative position, a lever pivot
ally connected to the lower side of the table
about a substantially horizontal axis beneath $0
each bracketya finger yieldably mounted on the
front end of each lever and arranged to engage
gripping device and thereby clamp each article
the front surface of an article near the bottom
in its bracket before the corresponding label
thereof and clamp the article against the cor
responding bracket, and a stationary cam be
neath the table to actuate the levers and cause
each ñnger to engage the corresponding article
35 gripper has operated with respect thereto.
9. A labeling machine comprising a table
‘rotatable about a vertical axis, V-shaped brackets
mounted on the upper surface of the table and
o-pen in the direction oi.' travel, means to deliver
40 articles to the brackets, a picker mechanism to
apply a label to the front surface of each article
as it revolves with the table, label grippers mov
able'into position to hold the labels against the
articles and at the same time hold the articles
in the brackets, a gripping device mounted on
the table adjacent to each bracket, and means to
actuate each gripping device and thereby clamp
each article in its bracket before the corre
sponding label gripper has operated with respect
50 thereto.
10. A labeling machine comprising a table
rotatable about a vertical axis, V-shaped
brackets mounted on the upper surface of the
table and open in the direction of travel, means
to deliver articles to the brackets, a picker mech
anism to apply a label to the front surface oi’
each article as it revolves with the table, label
grippers movable into position to hold the labels
against the articles and at the same time hold
60 the> articles in the brackets, the label grippers
being spaced upwardly from the bottoms of the
articles when in operative position, a gripping
device mounted -on the table adjacent to each
bracket, and means to move each gripping device
into engagement with the front surface of each
article near the bottom thereof before the cor
responding label gripper has operated with re
spect thereto.
,
,
11. A labeling machine comprising a table
rotatable about a vertical axis, V-shaped
brackets mounted on the upper surface of. the
table and open in the direction of travel, means
to deliver articles to the brackets, a picker mech
_anism to apply a label to the front surface of
75 each article as it revolves with the table, label‘
before the corresponding label gripper has
moved into operative position.
’
13. A labeling machine comprising a table ro
tatable about a vertical axis, V-shaped brackets
40
mounted on the upper surface of the table and
open in the direction of travel, means to deliver
articles to the brackets, a picker mechanism to
apply a label to the front surface of each article
as it revolves with the table, label >grippers mov
able into position to hold the labels against the
articles and at the same time hold the articles
in the brackets, the label grippers being spaced
upwardly from the bottoms of the articles when 50
in operative position, a lever pivotally connected
to the lower side of the table about a substan
tially horizontal axis beneath each bracket, a
finger yieldably mounted on the front end of
each lever and arranged to engage the front 55
surface of an article near the bottom thereof
and clamp the article against the corresponding
bracket, a second lever connected to each lever
at the rear thereof and pivoted to the lower side
of the table about a substantially horizontal axis, 60
and a stationary cam beneath the table to actu
ate the second levers and cause each finger to
engage the corresponding article before the cor
responding label gripper has moved into operative
position.
65
14.` A labeling machine comprising a table ro
tatable about a vertical axis, brackets Vmounted
on the upper surface ofthe table, a gripping
device pivotally mounted on the table adjacent
to each bracket, each gripping device being adapt
70
ed to clamp an article against the corresponding
bracket, and mechanism for swinging the grip
ping devices about their pivots and into engage
ment‘with the articles for holding the articles in
position for presentation to a labeling operation. 75
4
15. A labeling machine comprising a table ro
tatable about a
axis, brackets mounted
on the upper surface o_i' the table, a gripping
device pivotally mounted on the lower side of
the table beneath each' bracket and arranged
to swing in a substantially vertical plane. each
ticnarycambeneaththetabletoactuatethe
levers and cause the lingers to engage the arti
cles for holding the articles in position for pres
entation to a labeling operation.
17. A labeling machine comprising a rotary
table. a v-shaped bracket on the table arranged
- gripping device being adapted to englße the front
to support an article during the labeling opera
summe at an article and clamp it against the
tion, a lever pivotslly connected to the lower
side of the table about a substantially horizontal
corresponding bracket, and a stationary cam be
10 neath the table to actuate ~the gripping devices
and swing them into engagement with the arti
cles for holding the articles in position for pres
entation to a labeling operation.
.
axis beneath . said bracket, a linger yieldably 10
mounted on the front end oi said lever and ar
ranged to engage the front surface oi' an article
and clamp it against the corresponding bracket.
i6. A labeling machine comprising a rotary
table. brackets on the table amused to support
articles during the labeling operation, a lever
pivotally connected to the lower side oi’ the
table about a substantially horizontal axis be
a second lever connected to said lever at the
rear thereof and pivoted to the lower side of
the table about a substantially horizontal axis.
and a stationary cam beneath the table to actuate
the second lever and cause the linger to engage
neath'each bracket, a `i'lngex‘ yieldably mounted
the article for holding the article in~ position for
20
presentation to a labeling operation.
20 on the front end of each lever and arranged to
engage the iront surface of an article and clamp
it against the corresponding bracket. and a sta
¿im O. FENNER.
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