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Патент USA US2107104

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F?b- 1, 1938.
F. COURTINADE
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2,107,104
DIRECTION SIGNAL FOR VEHICLES
Filed June 10, 1936
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Feb. 1, 1938'.
,F. coURTmADE
' I 2,107,104
DIRECTION SIGNAL FOR VEHICLES
Filed June 10, 1936
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Frarwo/Lls ébaz?c'nadc;
Patented Feb. 1, 1938
2,107,104 }
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,107,104.
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DIRECTION SIGNAL pron VEHICLES
Francois Courtinade, New York, N. Y.
Application-June 10, 1936, Serial No. 84,551?
‘ 11 Claims.
(Cl._116-—36)
This invention relates to improvements in sig
naling devices for indicating changes in the di
rection of movement in‘ vehicles.
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One object .of the invention is to provide a
5 signaling device that will be rendered operative
upon movement of the steering wheels of a ve
hicle out of their normal forward direction of
travel.
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A further object is to provide a signaling device
10 of the character described which is operable by
means loosely engaging a. structural portion of
only one of the front or normal steering wheels
of the, vehicle.
Another object is the provision of an audible
:15 signal which is rendered operable by-one of the
front or steering wheels of a vehicle upon change
in direction of travel of the front wheels.
More speci?cally, the invention contemplates
an audible signaling device of the character de
scribed
wherein the clapper for a gong is moved
20
away from the gong by a trip member which is
engaged and actuated by an extension on a slid
able bar, which bar has a bifurcated end, with
the bifurcations engaging a structural portion of
25 the vehicle steering wheel at points fore and aft
of the axle for said wheel, the clapper being forc
ibly returned against the gong by a spring, upon
disengagement of said trip and the trip-actuat
ing means.
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A further'object of the invention is to provide
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Fig. -5 is a similar view on the line 5-7-5 of
Fig.
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Fig. 6 is ‘a vertical sectional view taken trans
versely of the casing for the housingv on the, line
6—-6 of Fig. 4; and
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. Fig. '7 is a detail elevational View of the trip
member and its actuating element in the position
these parts occupy at a point just immediately
prior to their disengagement after the signal has
been operated.
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The major portion of the device is enclosed in
a casing H] for protection against dust and other
foreign matter andsaid casing has a base H by
means of which the casing can be mountedupo-n
the front axle l2 of the vehicle. Mounted within :15
the casing is a gong l3 withwhich a clapper l4
cooperates, the clapper preferably being carried
.on an arm having a ?exible portion IS-and, a
substantially rigidv portion |6.---. Preferably the
latter is pivoted on a vshaft l1 and yieldingly :20
urged toward the gong by a spring .I8,,movement
of the clapper-toward the gong being limited by
a stop H! which may be formed by a bracket
mounted upon a block 20 within thecasing. The
gong itself may also be mounted on the'block as 2,5
by an arm 2|. Slidablymounted in a tubular
member 22 secured inblocl; 20 by a’ set screw 23
is a bar or rod 24 which isyieldingly urged out
wardly with respect to the casing by a spring
25 within the sleeve-like member 22. At the 30
exterior of the casing the bar 24 is formed with
a cross-piece 26 having extensions at its opposite
ends adapted to engage a. structural portionv of
one of the wheels of. the vehicle at points in
per and gong to prevent the clapper impacting '
front of and at the rear of the aXle- of said 35
35 against the gong.
wheel. These extensions, indicated at 21, 21a,.are
With these and other objects in view, the in
preferably formed spearately of the cross-piece
vention consists in certain details of construc
26, being formed with threaded ends adapted -to
tion and combinations and arrangements of parts, be screwed into sockets in cross-member 26. and
all as will hereinafter be more fully described and locked therein by nuts 28.. Rotary movement of
the novel features thereof particularly pointed rod 24 in tubular member 22 may be prevented
out in the appended claims.
by a screw 29 and, if desired, an extension 30
In the accompanying drawings.
carried by the cross-piece 26 of rod 24 and
Figure 1 is a prespective view of the housing slidably engaging in‘a way in block 20,,may, be
_ for the signaling device, with the bifurcated end
Extending into the casing ID from extension
portion of the actuating bar projecting from the
21*3L of cross-piece 26 is an arm 3| having a trip
housing;
?nger 32v provided at its inner end. Loosely
Fig. 2' is a top plan view illustrating the sig
mounted on shaft I1 is a trip member 33 having
naling device installed on the vehicle;
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view through an arcuate portion 34 adapted to engage against 50
the housing of the signaling device, the plane the portion [6 of the arm carryingthe bell clapper
I4. The trip 33 is yieldingly urged intoen
of the View being indicated by the line 3—-3 of
means in the form of a cushion o-r pad for render
ing the signal inoperative, said cushion or’ pad
being adapted to be interposed between the clap
provided.
Fig. 4;
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view on the line
bl cl 4-4 of Fig. 3;
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' gagement with the clapper arm by a spring 35.
Inward motion of bar 24 and, therefore, exten
sion 3|, will cause the trip ?nger 32 to engage 55
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against trip 33 and elevate the clapper H, but
engaging said wheel at points fore and aft of c
immediately upon the trip ?nger 32 passing trip
the axle of said wheel.
3. In a direction indicator for vehicles, the
combination of the. steering wheels of the vehicle,
a gong, a clapper yieldingly urged toward the
33, it is apparent that the same will be released
with the result that spring It! will cause the clap;
per H to be forcibly impacted against the gong.
As shown in Fig. ‘2, the extensions 21,. 21a, pref
erably engage against the dust cover 36 carried
by the brake drum of the vehicle wheel and with
the arrangement‘described, whenever the Wheel
gong, members abutting a structural portion of
one of the vehicle steering wheels at points fore
and aftiof the axle for said'wheel, and means
operable'by said members for moving said clapper
'10 changes its direction of travel, one or. the other
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of extensions 21, 21a,->will be forced toward casing
l0, withthe'result that extension 3| moves in
away 'from
thegong.
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4. In a‘. direction indicator;lforg'vehicles, the
combination of the steering wheels of the vehicle,
wardly-and trip ?nger 32 engages trip member 1_a .gong, a Iclapper, a shaft on which said clapper
7 33and actuates the gong, as previously described. is loosely pivoted, means for yieldingly urging the
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Thisis true regardless'of the'direotion in which ' clapper toward the gong, an arm for moving said 15
the wheel of the vehicle is turned. When the“ .j-clapper away from the gong, and means, for ac
wheel is returned to its normal direction of travel, tuatingsaid arm comprising members engaging.
‘ i. e., straight forward, bar 24 will be fo‘rcedout- i a structural portion of one of the vehicle steering :
wardly by spring 25 to return the extensions'?,
wheels at: points fore ‘and aft ‘of the wheel axle.
5. In a directionsignal for vehicles, thecom 20
20 21",’into abutting engagement with the dust v‘cover
of the wheel.’ During’ this"return movement of
bar’ 24, trip ?nger 32 is permitted to pass the trip
bination’ of the: steering wheels ‘of ’ the vehicle, a
gong, a clapper for said‘ gonggaishaft on which
member 33>by-‘reason of the fact ythat the latter
is‘loosely mountedon shaft l1 and is structurally
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said clapper i's-1‘loosel'y 'mounted», a - pivotaally
mountedi'arm movable in: one direction- ltor; mov
separate and distinct from the'clapper arm. 7 In
ing said clapper away' from the?'gong, iand'imeans'
engaging-‘one of vthe-‘vehicle steering wheels'an‘d
operable by change in direction of ‘trlavelof said
wheel for actuating‘ said arm and clapper.i‘1"'s'.il
[6. In a direction’ signal for vehicles, the "com
bination of the steeringwh'eels of the-vehicle?a so
other words, it; is only necessary for the spring
35jto'be‘overcome to permit bar 24 to return to,
its normal position; ~'It. will be 'understoodsthat
after ‘trip ?nger 32 has passed trip 7memberf'33,
' so.
when being restored to'normal position,._spring
35fwi1l1réturn the trip memberito a position in
gong,uav shaft, a clapper 'forfthe’fgong, ailtripfor
which the ,arcuate’ 'portion134' engages the (clapper ‘
moving said clapper away- from thé‘fgonggtaci
arm,.s_o'_ that the parts‘ are positioned ready for 'tuating means operated by a steeringiwheel‘ and
the signal to _, be repeated rupon ‘change in the V
engageable with said trip for 'moving'l'said clapper '
course of the vehicle."
"away from ithegong, andv means for-yieldingly
g As‘ there maybe nines when. it is ‘desired to ‘ forcing - said clapper» toward the-gong upon: dis;
render‘ the _'mechanism inoperative] a cushion or engagement‘ 'of "said ftrip. " and. trip-actuating
‘ pad 3.‘l__'is provided; being 'carriedbyajwire'38
means.‘
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which; extends .toYa: point adjacent the driver’s , ‘7. In aldirectionsignalifor'vehicles,‘the'icom~
seat so that'it may'be operated by a pedal 39, bination oi'the steering wheels of the 'vehic1e,'a 140
the'pedal ibein'gnormally'held in the position, f‘gon‘g,
‘a pivotally‘ mounted clapper, a trip for,
illustrated in’Fig; 3 ‘ma spring '(not shown). moving said clapperiaway Irom» the ‘gong, a slid
'When it is desired to render the signal in'opera- . fablyr mounted rod having a 'biiurcatediend'engag
tive, depression or pedal 39 will cause the pad ing'a structuralportion' of a steering wheel of the
,orvcushion to be projected to a position'where
v'it will be interposed betweenvthe clapper 14' and
. vehicle, means on said bar engageable ‘with said
trip for actuating the'same,»9and a springfor
gong l3, so‘ thatneven'though ‘the clapper may. be
iorcing‘sa'id clapper toward thegong'up'on dis
"actuated, nevertheless the signaléiiwill jinot- be engagement ‘of ‘said. trip and trip-actuating
V50 ‘ . The gong mayhave any desired tone, but pref
'8. In a dlrectionfsignal for vehicles, the com
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2 means.
erably one that will'serve as va""si_uitable warning. bination of the steering: wheelsof the vehicle,;a Y
The mechanism" is'simple and inexpensive and, gong, a, clapper for the gong,‘ a trip member op- H
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what is also important‘, may be readily. installed, ’ ‘erable ‘for moving the clapper‘ away fromxthe
as it does not require anyconnection to the wheel 'gong, 'tripéactuating means engaging: ‘one-of the
'55, 'or wheel structure. 1 It need only be mounted ‘on steering wheels of the vehicle and ‘movable-into
,the'axle, of the" vehicle at a point wherethe ex
engagement‘v with said trip'upon change in" di-. 75"
tensions ‘21,111, willabut against ajstructural
portion of ' the wheel;
‘What I claim is::
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rection' of travel ‘of thewheel, and means for
yieldingly forcing the .clapper'against the gong
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1. In a vehicle‘ direction indicator, the com
bination of the ‘steering ‘wheels of ' the vehicle,
"an audible‘signal comprising a clapper and a
gong, a slidablemember ior actuating said clap
upon disengagement of said‘ trip-actuating means
from said trip member.
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9. In a direction signal for vehiclesgth'e com
bination of the steeringwheels ofYIthe vehicle,
;a gong, ,aaclapperiforthe gong, a trip member
per, means ‘abutting against but detached from
for moving the. clapper away ‘from the
"105 one ofthe steering wheels of_,the,vehicle at points‘ xoperable'
gong; tripeactuating means engaging one of the
j fore andaft of the‘axlerof said wheel for impart.
‘ ?ing, a sliding movementtosaid memberand con
nectio'ns between said member} and clapper for
moving the latter away from the gong. ~
70.
steering wheels of the vehicle and movable into
engagement with said trip uponrchange in direc
tion of travel of the wheel,_means 'yieldingly‘fo'rc
ing the clapper against the'gong upon disengage
‘2. In a directiondndlcato'r, for 'vehicles, the ment of the trip. and its actuating means, acu'sh
combination'of the steering wheels of the vehicle, ioning member, and means for interposing, ‘said 70
a signal, a housing, and reciprocatory means slid; 4 cushioning ‘member between the clapper and
able in said housing and abutting against but
detached from a" steering. wheel‘of the, vehicle
10. In adirection signal for vehicles,jthe com
gong.
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vfor rendering said signal-operative, saidmeans bination of the steering wheels of ‘the ‘vehicle;
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2,107,104
a slidable bar having a bifurcated end, a sup
port in which said slidable bar is mounted for re
ricprocatory movement, means for yieldingly urg
ing the bifurcations of the bar against a struc
tural portion of one of the vehicle steering wheels,
said bifurcations engaging said wheel at points
fore and aft of the center of rotation of the
wheel, an audible signal, and means carried by
said bar "for actuating said signal upon change
10. in direction of travel of said vehicle wheel.
11. In a direction signal for vehicles, the com
bination of the steering wheels of the vehicle, a
slidable rod having a bifurcated end, means for
yieldingly urging the bifurcations of (said rod
against a structural portion of one of the vehicle
wheels, said bifurcations engaging said wheels
at points fore and aft of the center of rotation
of said wheel, an audible signal comprising a
gong and a clapper, a pivotally mounted bar on‘
which said clapper is mounted, a trip member for
rocking said‘ bar and clapper away from the
gong, a trip ?nger on said rod for moving said
trip member in one direction to rock the clapper,
said member being free to move in the opposite
direction independently of the clapper bar, and
means for yieldingly urging the clapper and clap
per bar toward the gong.
,FRANQOIS COURTINADE. '
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