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Патент USA US2107121

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Feb. 1, 1938.
w. KoPs
2,107,121
FOUNDATION GARMENT
Filed ‘Oct. 29, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet l
v
INVENTOR
WAL DEMAR ITOPS
BY
7/46:
'
ATTO RN EY
Feb. 1,' 1938;
w. KoPs
2,107,121
‘FOUNDATION GARMENT
Filed Oct. 29, 1956
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR
MLDEMAR lfOPS
BY
‘
‘
ATTORNEY
-
'
Patented Feb. 1, 1938
2,101,121,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,107,121
FOUNDATION GARMENT
Waldemar Kops, New York, N. Y., assignor to
Kops Brothers, Inc., New York, N. Y., a cor
poration of New York
Application October 29, 1936, Serial No. 108,128
(Cl. 2—2'7)
4 Claims.
Referring now to the drawings, the improved
garment comprises a main body-encircling mem
ber in the form of a series of inter-connected
This invention relates to garments of the cor
set or foundation type and more particularly to
garments of this character adapted for use on
relatively stout ?gures or those requiring ab
sections, including a front section l0, side sections _
dominal support.
A feature of the invention is the provision of
a novel form of belt for producing a desired up
lift effect upon the abdomen. The construction
is such that the belt may be readily drawn down
wardly to place a portion thereof well beneath
the abdomen and a yielding upward and inward
force is created to lend a ?rm support to the
abdomen. Moreover, the arrangement is such
that all portions of the belt will lie ?at against
the ?gure and will not have an objectionable
tendency to bulge away from the body at any
point.
"35
'
Toward the foregoing ends, a speci?c feature
of the invention is the employment of an ab
dominal supporting belt formed of elastic ma
terial having a varying elasticity from top to bot
tom thereof. The upper portion is adapted to
exert a relatively easy, transverse, con?ning force
while lower portions of the belt are adapted to
exert increasingly greater transverse con?ning
forces. This belt, according to the preferred con
struction, is permanently attached to the oppo
site side edges of the front of the garment and
is so arranged that if it is drawn downwardly at
its center with respect to the front of the main
garment, a substantial, upward force will be ex
erted.
Another feature of the garment is the provi
sion of a readily closable opening at the front
through which access may be had to the lower
portion of the abdominal belt for the purpose of
‘drawing it downwardly beneath the abdomen.
Other features and advantages of the inven
tion will appear from the following detailed de
40 scription of an illustrative form of the same which
will now be given in conjunction with the accom
panying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a view showing the garment from the
front as applied to a ?gure.
Fig. 2 is a front View of the garment, ‘off of the
45
?gure, with the front opened up and laid back to
expose inner parts of the garment.
'
Fig. 3 is a view of the interior of the garment
opened out.
_
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, vertical section through
a portion of the front of the garment along the
line 4-4 of Figure 3, and
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, horizontal section through
a portion of the front of the garment along the
55 line 5-5 of Figure 3.
II and I2, and a back section 13. Front section
I0 is connected with the side section I l by means
of stitching M, the seam being preferably rein;
forced by a suitable tape. Side section I l is sim
Oil
ilarly'joined to the back I3 by means of a rein- forced seam l5 and the back section is in turn ‘
connected with the side section l2 by means of a
similar seam I6, Any suitable means may be
provided for detachably connecting the free edges
I
of the front section It! and side section
l2.
Such
..
means may include, for example, hooks I‘! at- "
tached to the free edge of the front section and
eyes l8 attached to the free edge of the side
section.
>
The back of the garment may assume any of a
variety of different forms of construction but 20
that illustrated has been found to be particularly
suited for the intended purposes. The back sec
tion may be formed either of a continuous piece
of fabric or of a number of individual sections ,
stitched together. At suitably spaced points a ' 25
series of vertical stays [9, extending from sub
stantially the upper edge to a point near the
lower edge of the back section, are preferably
employed. These stays, it will be understood, 7
are con?ned in suitable stay pockets formed by ‘ 30
tapes stitched to the back section. At its, upper
edge, and adjacent its center, the back section
has a small V-shaped portion cut away and an
elastic gusset 20 is applied in its place.
This‘
gusset is attached to the back section by suitable ' 35
stitching, and binding tapes are preferably em
ployed to reinforce the seams. The lower por
tion of the back section is preferably reinforced
by a small section 2| of lining material, or the 7
like, which is suitably stitched to the main fabric 40
of the back section and extends upwardly an
appropriate distance from the lower edge. Ex
cept for the small section 20, which is transversely
or horizontally elastic, the back section is formed
of strong, non-elastic material.
The side section I! is largely formed of non
elastic material but the lower portion 22 thereof,
adjacent the edge of the back section, is formed
of elastic material. The rear edge of this elastic
portion is substantially straight and is secured to
the back section by the stitching I5. The for
ward edge of the elastic portion is preferably
curved and secured to the non-elastic part of the
side section by means of stitching 23, preferably
reinforced by binding tape. A similar construc
'
2
2,107,121
tion is provided for the opposite side section l2,
ing tape 405 secured to the front section. These
which includes an elastic portion 24 having its
rear edge included in the seam l6 and its forward
edge secured by stitching 25 to the non-elastic
portion of the section I2. Elastic portions 22 and
hooks and eyes serve to hold the flap 40 in posi
tion and prevent it from becoming caught in the
hookless fastening means during operation of
24 are arranged to stretch transversely or around
The abdominal supporting belt which consti
tutes an important feature of the present inven
tion will now be described. This comprises an
elastic member 4| having its left edge (Fig. 3)
the body to allow'a suitable expansion and con
traction of the garment during movements of
the body. At the seam l5 a pair of stays 26 is
10 provided, these extending from the upper edge
of the garment to a point slightly below the
horizontal center-line. Similar stays 21 are pro
vided in the seam I6.
The construction of the front of the garment
16 is somewhat'more complicated. At points inter
mediate the edges, a plurality of vertically dis
posed stays 28 may be suitably employed. These
stays extend from a point slightly below the hori
'20
2.5
5.5
to
tape which carries the hook elements I‘! and
non-elastic portion of the front section by suit
able stitching, At the center of the front'section
a reinforced pad or lining 32 is provided between
the pairs of stays 28. This reinforcing member
extends from a point adjacent the lower edges of
the bust pockets to the point indicated by the
line 33 in Fig. 3. Additional, vertical stays 34 and
35 intermediate the stays 28 may be mounted in
the reinforcing member or pad 32, these stays
being of substantially the same length as the
stays 28 but being disposed at a somewhat lower
’
Along the vertical center-line of the front" sec
tion of the garment it is slit or divided from. its
lower edge to a point well above the horizontal
center-line. 'This is to enable the front of the
" garment to be opened up to allow access to the
abdominal support, to be later described.
Any
sections being of successively increasing elasticity
sively decreasingcon?ning and restraining forces.
The variation in the tension of the various por
tions of the belt has been found to create a very
desirable action in con?ning and supporting the
abdomen. The sections or portions 45, 46 and 41 :
may be formed as separate elastic bands or tapes
stitched together along their longitudinal edges,
although they are preferably formed as one inte
gral band having the described, variable elastic
properties.
In lieu of having each of the sec~
,40
tions provided with distinct stretch characteristics "
throughout their widths, the member 4| may,'if
desired, be formed with a uniformly varying re
sistance to stretch from the upper to the lower
edge thereof.
Thus, in lieu of the abrupt in .45
crease in resistance to stretch between the several ""
sections, there may be a gradual increase in the‘
resistance to stretch from the top to the bottom
of the member.
7
>
Adjacent the vertical center line of the mem
.50
suitable means may be provided for securing the
free edges formed by the slit or divide. A hook
less type of fastener is particularly suited for this
purpose. This may comprise a series of fasten
ing elements 36 along one edge of the slit, com
provided a relatively stiff and broad stay mem
ber 48. This is retained within a pocket formed
by a band 49 of non-elastic material stitched along
plementary fastening elements 31 along the oppo
the upper edge of, the member to its lower edge .
site edge of the slit and a rider 38 adapted to
bring about the interlocking engagement or
release of fastening elements, as desired. An
and preferably extending around the loweredge
chored to the front section I!) at the point 39 is
‘a relatively wide, flap member 49. The upper end
of this member, which is secured to the front sec
tion, provides a reinforcement adjacent the upper
end of the slit while the main body of the ?ap
675 constitutes a backing for the hookless fastening
means.
As shown, one longitudinal edge of the
flap is preferably incorporated in the stitching
'400 which secures the fastening elements 31.
nAdjacent the lower end of the flap 40 an eye
7.0 member 4!“ is provided and arranged to cooperate
with a hook member 402 secured to the front sec—
tio nadjacent the opposite edge of the slit. A
similar eye member 403 carried by the ?apfa?
adjacent its upper end is arranged to receive a
;
toward both of the side edges of the front section. I
in a direction around the body. Thus, the upper
section 45 has a relatively easy stretch in the
direction of its length while the intermediate
section 46 has a somewhat ?rmer resistance to 25
stretch and the lower section 4'! has a still ?rmer
resistance to stretch. This arrangement is such
that the lower portion of the belt applies a sub
stantial con?ning and uplift force: to the abdomen
While the upper portions of the belt exert succes 39
point.
.50
15_
This is to enable the elastic member to extend
upwardly at a slight angle from this center line
ment. An elastic section 30, capable of stretching
transversely of the garment, is provided in the
lower left-hand portion of the front section (Fig.
3), this being secured along its outer edge to the
in the seam I4 and its inner edge secured to; the
45
two parts joined togetheradjacent the vertical
center-line of the member by suitable stitching 44.
Each half of the member 4| is formed of a plural~
ity of sections or portions of elastic material, the 20
edge to the non-elastic portion of the. front sec
tion. A similar, elastic section 3| is provided in
the lower right-hand portion of the front section
(Fig. 3), this having its outer edge incorporated
:40
secured by suitable stitching 42 to the free edge 10
of the front section In. The opposite end of the
member is secured by stitching 43 to the right
edge of the front section. Member 4| is formed in
zontal center-line of the garment to the lower
edges of a pair of bust pockets 29 forming the
upper portion of the frontsection of the gar
being secured by suitable stitching along the inner
3.5
the rider.
hook 404 carried by a short, horizontally extend
ber 4| , i. e., along the seam 44, there is preferably '
its edges to the member 4| and extending from
.55
and up on the opposite or outer face of the mem
ber a slight distance, as indicated at 50 in Fig. 2. .
This non-elastic band is preferably formed'of
to
relatively soft, plush-like fabric that serves to "
cushion the pressure of the stay against the body.
To the upper edge of the member 4|, in. line with
the band 49, is secured an elastic band 5| whose
upper end is secured by stitching 52 to the front
section of the garment adjacent the upperend
of the reinforcing member 32. Except for the
stitching 52, the band 5| is free of the front sec
tion. So also the member 4! is free of the front
section except for the lines of stitching 42 and 43.
Suitable garter attachments 53 may be provided
at the lower edgeof the garment, all or a portion
of these being preferably provided with soft pad
members 54 formed of a plush-like material simi
lar to that forming the band 49.
56,5
2,107,121
In applying the garment to the body, the fasten
ing means H and IB will ?rst be fastened while
the hookless fastening means at the front of the
garment will be left open. The flap 40 will also be
left free so that the lower edge of the member 4|
may be readily grasped by the hand and drawn
downwardly to a point beneath the abdomen.
Upon release of the member 4|, the upward elas
tic forces created by the several sections 45, 46 and
10 41, as well as the band 5|, will produce a desirable
uplift effect upon the abdomen. The hooks and
eyes MM, 402, 403 and 404 may then be fastened
and the slider 38 drawn downwardly to close the
opening in the front of the garment.
15
'
The variable elasticity of the sections of the
belt 4| provides a very desirable distribution of
the forces applied to the abdomen. A very ?rm
upward tension is applied beneath the abdomen
while light pressures are created at higher points.
20 If the belt were of uniform elasticity throughout,
an excessive and quite objectionable inward pres
sure would be applied.‘ The improved arrange
ment is such, furthermore, that all portions of the
belt cling nicely to the body and no objectionable
bulging takes place.
While an illustrative form of the invention has
been described in considerable detail, it will be
understood that numerous changes may be made
without departing from the general principles and
scope of the invention. The terms and expres
sions used herein have been used as terms ofde
scription and not of limitation.
What I claim is:
1. In a garment of the class described a body
35 encircling member including a front section, an
abdominal belt secured to said front section, said
belt
being
of ' substantially
uniform
width
throughout its length and comprising elastic ma
terial of progressively increasing elasticity in the
direction of its length from top to bottom of the
40
belt and being thereby arranged to produce a pro
gressively increasing tension around the body
from top to bottom of the belt, and means exert
ing an upward, yielding pull upon said belt ad
45
jacent its center.
3
2. In a garment of the class described a body
encircling member including a front section, an
abdominal belt secured to said front section, said
belt comprising elastic material of progressively
increasing elasticity in the direction of its length
from top to bottom of the belt and being thereby
arranged to produce a progressively increasing
tension around the body from top to bottom‘ of
the belt, and a longitudinally elastic tape con
necting the center portion of said. belt with ‘a
higher portion of said front section and arranged
to apply an upward pull to said belt.
3. In a garment of the class described a body
encircling member including a front section, an
abdominal belt secured to said front section, said 15
belt comprising two sections of elastic material
angled downwardly from the side edges of said
front section and united adjacent the vertical cen
ter line of said front section, the elastic in said
belt being of progressively increasing elasticity in 20
the direction of its length from top to bottom of
the belt and being thereby arranged to produce a
progressively increasing tension around the body
from the upper to the lower edge of the belt, and
an elastic tape extending from the upper edge of
said belt adjacent said vertical center line to a
higher point on said front section for exerting a
yielding, upward pull upon said belt.
4; A garment of the class described comprising
front, side and back sections connected to form a
body encircling member, an abdominal support
ing belt mounted in said front section and ex
tending from a point adjacent one side of the gar
ment to a point adjacent the other side thereof,
said belt having its ends secured to said front sec
tion, an elastic tapeconnecting a point on said
belt with a higher point on said front section and
tending to restore said belt to its normal posi
tion, and closable means enabling access to said
belt through said front section whereby said belt
may be drawn downwardly and said tape ten
sioned.
WALDEMAR KOPS.
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