Патент USA US2107121код для вставки
Feb. 1, 1938. w. KoPs 2,107,121 FOUNDATION GARMENT Filed ‘Oct. 29, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet l v INVENTOR WAL DEMAR ITOPS BY 7/46: ' ATTO RN EY Feb. 1,' 1938; w. KoPs 2,107,121 ‘FOUNDATION GARMENT Filed Oct. 29, 1956 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR MLDEMAR lfOPS BY ‘ ‘ ATTORNEY - ' Patented Feb. 1, 1938 2,101,121, UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,107,121 FOUNDATION GARMENT Waldemar Kops, New York, N. Y., assignor to Kops Brothers, Inc., New York, N. Y., a cor poration of New York Application October 29, 1936, Serial No. 108,128 (Cl. 2—2'7) 4 Claims. Referring now to the drawings, the improved garment comprises a main body-encircling mem ber in the form of a series of inter-connected This invention relates to garments of the cor set or foundation type and more particularly to garments of this character adapted for use on relatively stout ?gures or those requiring ab sections, including a front section l0, side sections _ dominal support. A feature of the invention is the provision of a novel form of belt for producing a desired up lift effect upon the abdomen. The construction is such that the belt may be readily drawn down wardly to place a portion thereof well beneath the abdomen and a yielding upward and inward force is created to lend a ?rm support to the abdomen. Moreover, the arrangement is such that all portions of the belt will lie ?at against the ?gure and will not have an objectionable tendency to bulge away from the body at any point. "35 ' Toward the foregoing ends, a speci?c feature of the invention is the employment of an ab dominal supporting belt formed of elastic ma terial having a varying elasticity from top to bot tom thereof. The upper portion is adapted to exert a relatively easy, transverse, con?ning force while lower portions of the belt are adapted to exert increasingly greater transverse con?ning forces. This belt, according to the preferred con struction, is permanently attached to the oppo site side edges of the front of the garment and is so arranged that if it is drawn downwardly at its center with respect to the front of the main garment, a substantial, upward force will be ex erted. Another feature of the garment is the provi sion of a readily closable opening at the front through which access may be had to the lower portion of the abdominal belt for the purpose of ‘drawing it downwardly beneath the abdomen. Other features and advantages of the inven tion will appear from the following detailed de 40 scription of an illustrative form of the same which will now be given in conjunction with the accom panying drawings, in which: Fig. l is a view showing the garment from the front as applied to a ?gure. Fig. 2 is a front View of the garment, ‘off of the 45 ?gure, with the front opened up and laid back to expose inner parts of the garment. ' Fig. 3 is a view of the interior of the garment opened out. _ Fig. 4 is an enlarged, vertical section through a portion of the front of the garment along the line 4-4 of Figure 3, and Fig. 5 is an enlarged, horizontal section through a portion of the front of the garment along the 55 line 5-5 of Figure 3. II and I2, and a back section 13. Front section I0 is connected with the side section I l by means of stitching M, the seam being preferably rein; forced by a suitable tape. Side section I l is sim Oil ilarly'joined to the back I3 by means of a rein- forced seam l5 and the back section is in turn ‘ connected with the side section l2 by means of a similar seam I6, Any suitable means may be provided for detachably connecting the free edges I of the front section It! and side section l2. Such .. means may include, for example, hooks I‘! at- " tached to the free edge of the front section and eyes l8 attached to the free edge of the side section. > The back of the garment may assume any of a variety of different forms of construction but 20 that illustrated has been found to be particularly suited for the intended purposes. The back sec tion may be formed either of a continuous piece of fabric or of a number of individual sections , stitched together. At suitably spaced points a ' 25 series of vertical stays [9, extending from sub stantially the upper edge to a point near the lower edge of the back section, are preferably employed. These stays, it will be understood, 7 are con?ned in suitable stay pockets formed by ‘ 30 tapes stitched to the back section. At its, upper edge, and adjacent its center, the back section has a small V-shaped portion cut away and an elastic gusset 20 is applied in its place. This‘ gusset is attached to the back section by suitable ' 35 stitching, and binding tapes are preferably em ployed to reinforce the seams. The lower por tion of the back section is preferably reinforced by a small section 2| of lining material, or the 7 like, which is suitably stitched to the main fabric 40 of the back section and extends upwardly an appropriate distance from the lower edge. Ex cept for the small section 20, which is transversely or horizontally elastic, the back section is formed of strong, non-elastic material. The side section I! is largely formed of non elastic material but the lower portion 22 thereof, adjacent the edge of the back section, is formed of elastic material. The rear edge of this elastic portion is substantially straight and is secured to the back section by the stitching I5. The for ward edge of the elastic portion is preferably curved and secured to the non-elastic part of the side section by means of stitching 23, preferably reinforced by binding tape. A similar construc ' 2 2,107,121 tion is provided for the opposite side section l2, ing tape 405 secured to the front section. These which includes an elastic portion 24 having its rear edge included in the seam l6 and its forward edge secured by stitching 25 to the non-elastic portion of the section I2. Elastic portions 22 and hooks and eyes serve to hold the flap 40 in posi tion and prevent it from becoming caught in the hookless fastening means during operation of 24 are arranged to stretch transversely or around The abdominal supporting belt which consti tutes an important feature of the present inven tion will now be described. This comprises an elastic member 4| having its left edge (Fig. 3) the body to allow'a suitable expansion and con traction of the garment during movements of the body. At the seam l5 a pair of stays 26 is 10 provided, these extending from the upper edge of the garment to a point slightly below the horizontal center-line. Similar stays 21 are pro vided in the seam I6. The construction of the front of the garment 16 is somewhat'more complicated. At points inter mediate the edges, a plurality of vertically dis posed stays 28 may be suitably employed. These stays extend from a point slightly below the hori '20 2.5 5.5 to tape which carries the hook elements I‘! and non-elastic portion of the front section by suit able stitching, At the center of the front'section a reinforced pad or lining 32 is provided between the pairs of stays 28. This reinforcing member extends from a point adjacent the lower edges of the bust pockets to the point indicated by the line 33 in Fig. 3. Additional, vertical stays 34 and 35 intermediate the stays 28 may be mounted in the reinforcing member or pad 32, these stays being of substantially the same length as the stays 28 but being disposed at a somewhat lower ’ Along the vertical center-line of the front" sec tion of the garment it is slit or divided from. its lower edge to a point well above the horizontal center-line. 'This is to enable the front of the " garment to be opened up to allow access to the abdominal support, to be later described. Any sections being of successively increasing elasticity sively decreasingcon?ning and restraining forces. The variation in the tension of the various por tions of the belt has been found to create a very desirable action in con?ning and supporting the abdomen. The sections or portions 45, 46 and 41 : may be formed as separate elastic bands or tapes stitched together along their longitudinal edges, although they are preferably formed as one inte gral band having the described, variable elastic properties. In lieu of having each of the sec~ ,40 tions provided with distinct stretch characteristics " throughout their widths, the member 4| may,'if desired, be formed with a uniformly varying re sistance to stretch from the upper to the lower edge thereof. Thus, in lieu of the abrupt in .45 crease in resistance to stretch between the several "" sections, there may be a gradual increase in the‘ resistance to stretch from the top to the bottom of the member. 7 > Adjacent the vertical center line of the mem .50 suitable means may be provided for securing the free edges formed by the slit or divide. A hook less type of fastener is particularly suited for this purpose. This may comprise a series of fasten ing elements 36 along one edge of the slit, com provided a relatively stiff and broad stay mem ber 48. This is retained within a pocket formed by a band 49 of non-elastic material stitched along plementary fastening elements 31 along the oppo the upper edge of, the member to its lower edge . site edge of the slit and a rider 38 adapted to bring about the interlocking engagement or release of fastening elements, as desired. An and preferably extending around the loweredge chored to the front section I!) at the point 39 is ‘a relatively wide, flap member 49. The upper end of this member, which is secured to the front sec tion, provides a reinforcement adjacent the upper end of the slit while the main body of the ?ap 675 constitutes a backing for the hookless fastening means. As shown, one longitudinal edge of the flap is preferably incorporated in the stitching '400 which secures the fastening elements 31. nAdjacent the lower end of the flap 40 an eye 7.0 member 4!“ is provided and arranged to cooperate with a hook member 402 secured to the front sec— tio nadjacent the opposite edge of the slit. A similar eye member 403 carried by the ?apfa? adjacent its upper end is arranged to receive a ; toward both of the side edges of the front section. I in a direction around the body. Thus, the upper section 45 has a relatively easy stretch in the direction of its length while the intermediate section 46 has a somewhat ?rmer resistance to 25 stretch and the lower section 4'! has a still ?rmer resistance to stretch. This arrangement is such that the lower portion of the belt applies a sub stantial con?ning and uplift force: to the abdomen While the upper portions of the belt exert succes 39 point. .50 15_ This is to enable the elastic member to extend upwardly at a slight angle from this center line ment. An elastic section 30, capable of stretching transversely of the garment, is provided in the lower left-hand portion of the front section (Fig. 3), this being secured along its outer edge to the in the seam I4 and its inner edge secured to; the 45 two parts joined togetheradjacent the vertical center-line of the member by suitable stitching 44. Each half of the member 4| is formed of a plural~ ity of sections or portions of elastic material, the 20 edge to the non-elastic portion of the. front sec tion. A similar, elastic section 3| is provided in the lower right-hand portion of the front section (Fig. 3), this having its outer edge incorporated :40 secured by suitable stitching 42 to the free edge 10 of the front section In. The opposite end of the member is secured by stitching 43 to the right edge of the front section. Member 4| is formed in zontal center-line of the garment to the lower edges of a pair of bust pockets 29 forming the upper portion of the frontsection of the gar being secured by suitable stitching along the inner 3.5 the rider. hook 404 carried by a short, horizontally extend ber 4| , i. e., along the seam 44, there is preferably ' its edges to the member 4| and extending from .55 and up on the opposite or outer face of the mem ber a slight distance, as indicated at 50 in Fig. 2. . This non-elastic band is preferably formed'of to relatively soft, plush-like fabric that serves to " cushion the pressure of the stay against the body. To the upper edge of the member 4|, in. line with the band 49, is secured an elastic band 5| whose upper end is secured by stitching 52 to the front section of the garment adjacent the upperend of the reinforcing member 32. Except for the stitching 52, the band 5| is free of the front sec tion. So also the member 4! is free of the front section except for the lines of stitching 42 and 43. Suitable garter attachments 53 may be provided at the lower edgeof the garment, all or a portion of these being preferably provided with soft pad members 54 formed of a plush-like material simi lar to that forming the band 49. 56,5 2,107,121 In applying the garment to the body, the fasten ing means H and IB will ?rst be fastened while the hookless fastening means at the front of the garment will be left open. The flap 40 will also be left free so that the lower edge of the member 4| may be readily grasped by the hand and drawn downwardly to a point beneath the abdomen. Upon release of the member 4|, the upward elas tic forces created by the several sections 45, 46 and 10 41, as well as the band 5|, will produce a desirable uplift effect upon the abdomen. The hooks and eyes MM, 402, 403 and 404 may then be fastened and the slider 38 drawn downwardly to close the opening in the front of the garment. 15 ' The variable elasticity of the sections of the belt 4| provides a very desirable distribution of the forces applied to the abdomen. A very ?rm upward tension is applied beneath the abdomen while light pressures are created at higher points. 20 If the belt were of uniform elasticity throughout, an excessive and quite objectionable inward pres sure would be applied.‘ The improved arrange ment is such, furthermore, that all portions of the belt cling nicely to the body and no objectionable bulging takes place. While an illustrative form of the invention has been described in considerable detail, it will be understood that numerous changes may be made without departing from the general principles and scope of the invention. The terms and expres sions used herein have been used as terms ofde scription and not of limitation. What I claim is: 1. In a garment of the class described a body 35 encircling member including a front section, an abdominal belt secured to said front section, said belt being of ' substantially uniform width throughout its length and comprising elastic ma terial of progressively increasing elasticity in the direction of its length from top to bottom of the 40 belt and being thereby arranged to produce a pro gressively increasing tension around the body from top to bottom of the belt, and means exert ing an upward, yielding pull upon said belt ad 45 jacent its center. 3 2. In a garment of the class described a body encircling member including a front section, an abdominal belt secured to said front section, said belt comprising elastic material of progressively increasing elasticity in the direction of its length from top to bottom of the belt and being thereby arranged to produce a progressively increasing tension around the body from top to bottom‘ of the belt, and a longitudinally elastic tape con necting the center portion of said. belt with ‘a higher portion of said front section and arranged to apply an upward pull to said belt. 3. In a garment of the class described a body encircling member including a front section, an abdominal belt secured to said front section, said 15 belt comprising two sections of elastic material angled downwardly from the side edges of said front section and united adjacent the vertical cen ter line of said front section, the elastic in said belt being of progressively increasing elasticity in 20 the direction of its length from top to bottom of the belt and being thereby arranged to produce a progressively increasing tension around the body from the upper to the lower edge of the belt, and an elastic tape extending from the upper edge of said belt adjacent said vertical center line to a higher point on said front section for exerting a yielding, upward pull upon said belt. 4; A garment of the class described comprising front, side and back sections connected to form a body encircling member, an abdominal support ing belt mounted in said front section and ex tending from a point adjacent one side of the gar ment to a point adjacent the other side thereof, said belt having its ends secured to said front sec tion, an elastic tapeconnecting a point on said belt with a higher point on said front section and tending to restore said belt to its normal posi tion, and closable means enabling access to said belt through said front section whereby said belt may be drawn downwardly and said tape ten sioned. WALDEMAR KOPS.