Патент USA US2107129код для вставки
1 Feb., 1, 1938. c. F, RoHN ET AL 2,107,129 SHOE STRUCTURE F‘i-led Oct. 4, 1935 ¿9 L.242 9 ß 3" ATTORNEYê. Patented Feb. 1, 193s ’ f . , 2,107,129 UNITED STATES PATENT vOFFICE 2,107,129 SHO-E STRUCTURE Chester F. Rohn and Franklyn A. Rohn, Mil Waukee, Wis. Application October 4, 1935, Serial No. 43,546 1 Claim. (Cl. 36-71) The present invention relates in general to improvemen‘ts in the art of manufacture of foot wear, and relates more specifically to improvements in the construction of shoes having arch 5 bracing or supporting means built therein. Generally defined, an objectA of the present invention is to provide an improved shoe structure wherein the instep or arch portion of the wearer’s foot is effectively braced or supported. 10 Numerous types of instep or arch supports have heretofore been proposed. In one type of these previous arch supports, the insole is provided with an integral side flap which, during lasting of the shoe, is bent upwardly and ñnally either 15 confined between the adjacent side of the vamp and inner lining, or permitted to lie exposed against the inner surface of the lining, This type of construction has the disadvantages of requiring a large and wasteful piece of leather in noy the wearer, the brace being either attached to or detached from the insole. Another specific object of the invention is to provide an instep support which may be formed of any suitable bracing material, including leath er but not necessarily so, which need not be di rectly attached to the insole either prior or sub sequent to the lasting operation. ' _ A further specinc object of the invention is to provide a durable and effective arch supporting 10 structure which can be readily applied to various styles and types of foot wear at slight additional cost. y Still another specific object of the invention is to provide a new and useful arch brace for Welt 15 shoes, which can be embodied in a shoe assem blage without unusual dif?culty, and without com plicating the attachment of the vamp» lining and welt to the inseam ridge of the insole. - 20 the formation of the insole with a flap; and if These and other objects and advantages of the 20 the leather iiap» which forms the arch support is ñnally disposed between the outer leather and the lining it is not visible in the completed shoe for sales purposes, whereas location of the flap 25 in visible position within the shoe necessitates cementing and frequently produces curling and distortion of the support, thereby causing an- present invention Will be eline-rent from the fol lowing detailed description, A clear conception of several embodiments of the present improvement, and of the mode of constructing shoes having the new eroh brace 25 applied therein, may be had by referring to the drawing accompanying and forming a part of noyance to the wearer. In order’to obviate the high cost of insole construction and the waste of 30 leather due to such integral insole and flap formation, it'has also been proposed to form the insole and arch support as separate pieces and to sew or otherwise attach the nap either to the inseam ridge or to the edge of the insole prim` to 35 the lasting operation. These modified types of arch supporting flaps were also disposed either within or at the outside of the inner lining, and while they do result in reduction in cost of construction, they are also objectionable for'the sev40 eral other reasons above noted. It has moreover this speciñcation wherein like reference char acters designate the Same or Similar parts in the various views. 30 Fig- 1 iS e» Central longitudinal Section through e Inail’s Shoe of the Welt type, showing a Dor tion of the inner pocket which normally conñnes the arch brace, broken away to reveal the brace; Fîg- 2 iS e tranSVeI‘Se Section 'through the in- -35 Sien portion of the Shoe Shown in Fig- 1, the See tion heVing been taken along the line 2---2; Fig. 3 is a similar Section through a modified ShoeïStruCÈul‘e; and Fie 4 iS an internal Dian VieW of the upper Shoe 40 been proposed to utilize a separate arch support Structure before lasting. initially inserted between the outer leather and the lining, and subsequently attached Vto the in- While the invention has been illustrated here in as being applied i0' a mam-S Shoe 0f a» Particu lar type’ 1t És not intend@ to theï'eby TCSirlÍlCi sole and welt, durin'g'the lasting operation, but 45 this type of structure likewise fails to reveal the _ , . fact that the completed shoe has an arch brace embodied therein, so that all. _ of" the prior arch , . ~ ,i _ . supporting structures are relatively objectionable 5 for one reason 0r anothfìr- _ It is therefore a specific object of the present invention to provide an improved arch brace for shoes or the like, wherein the bracing flap» is coniined within a pocket which is visible from 65 within the completed shoe but which cannot an- the Scope’ smc-e the Improvement 1S obviously; 45 more generally applicable to men’s high shoes ' ‘ - , - , ' f ' ‘ or to Womens and Chlldrens shoes of au’ types having either nailed, sewed'or cemented soles. Referring to the drawing,- the improved shoe structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2 has been formed 50 from an upper Structure of the type' Shown in Fig ci, and comprises in general an upper composed of outer leather 6 and having a 'lining 1 and suit able reenforcements interposed between these parts; an insole 8 having _a continuous inseam 55 2,107,12ò ridge 9 normally projecting downwardly there means of inseam stitching II; an outsole I2 se cured to the welt III in any suitable or desirable The cushioning or iilling means which is dis posed between the insole 8 and the outsole I2 may be either rubber, cork, felt, or any other suitable filling material, and comprises a main filler 24v and an auxiliary heel cushion 25 disposed be manner; cushioning or filling means disposed be tween the insole 8 and outsole I2 within the in neath the heel portion of the main filler 24 and within a spacer 26. A shank stiffener 21 may also seam ridge 9; and heel structure» secured to the rear portion of the outsole I2 in any suitable be applied between the filler 24 and the outsole I2 in front of the spacer 26, and the outsole I2 may manner. be secured to the welt I0 either by sewing or ce 10 menting in a well known manner. The heel structure may also be of any desired type, and as shown, the heel comprises a heel base 28 cemented to the heel portion of the outsole I2, and a lower from; a partial or a continuous welt I0 secured to the leather 6, lining 1 and inseam ridge 9 by 10 » As shown in Fig. 4, the outer leather '6 of the vamp is composed of a forepart which may or may not be provided with a separate tip, and two rear quarters I3 sewed together and to the 15 side and rear edges of the forepart and having lacing eyelets III associated therewith. The lin ing 1 is composed of a cloth vamp lining, and leather quarter linings I5 seWed together and 'to the forepart lining; and the assembled lining 20V 1 is initially secured to the outer leather 6 by stitching I6 which also applies the tongue I1 so as to form the normal vamp.r Intermediate heel 29 cemented and additionally secured to the heel base 28 by pegs 30. ` While the mode of constructing the improved shoes should be clearly apparent from the fore going description, the preferable method of as sembling the structure will be briefly described. 20 The upper structure is completed as shown in Fig. 4, and the bracing flap 23 after having been padding I8 may also be provided between the » treated to make thesame pliable, is inserted With outer leather 6 and lining 1; and the heel por in the concealing and confining pocket 2 I. After 25 tion of the vamp may be reenforced by a counter the insole 8 has been applied to the last, the edges 25 I9 While the toe portion may be likewise reen of the upper structure and of the various reen forced by means of a stiiïener 20. rThe type of forcements may be temporarily secured to the in stiifener customarily used is formed of composi seam ridge 8 with local staples, and upon appli tion having the characteristic of becoming limp cation of the welt IIJ, the inseam stitching I I may 30 and pliable when moist, and of becoming rela be applied to fasten the welt I0, outer leather 6,» 30 tively f'lrm or stiff and hard when dry; and the inner lining 1, counter I9, toe stiffener 20„ and counter I9 and stiffener 20 are normally sewed pocket 2I to the insole 8. If a bracing flap 23Y such in place by the inseam stitching II, but leather as shown in Fig. 2 is employed, this flap will also be or other sheet material may be used in the stiff attached to the insole during the inseaming oper .35 ener 20. ation; but if a fiap 23’ such as shown in Fig. 3 is In accordance With one embodiment of the utilized, there will be no direct attachment of the present improvement, the vamp and quarter lin brace to the insole. Upon completion of the in ings are additionally provided `at the instep or seaming operation and subsequent trimming, the Y45 arch portion of each shoe, with a leather or cloth-pocket 2| sewed to the inner side of the plied, after which the outsole I2 and the heel may vamp and quarter linings by stitching 22, either be secured in place in a well known manner. The before or after these linings are secured to the outer leather 6, but before lasting. Y An arch brac ing pad or flap 23 formed either of leather, or of material similar to that described in connec tion with the stiiiîener 20, or of other suitable arch bracing pad 23, 23’ upon drying, becomes relatively stiff, and provides an effective support for the instep without danger of curling by virtue of the confinement thereof within the pocket 2|. 45 From the foregoing description, it will be ap parent that the present invention provides an im material, may be trimmed and loosely inserted Within the pocket 2l as indicated in Fig. 4 to complete the lining assemblage. The bracing 50 flap 23 may be thinned at its edges so as vto facilitate inseaming and to avoid projections and irregularities within the completed shoe, but either the brace confining pocket 2I or the brace itself, are preferably clearly and directly visible in order to indicate upon casual inspection, that the shoe structure is in fact provided withan arch brace. As illustrated in Figs. 2 and 4, the instep brac ing iiap 23 is of sufficient size to project outward ly at the lining at least to the same extent'as the outer leather 6, lining 1 and pocket 2|,Yso that when the shoe is being subsequently lasted, the flap 23 will also besewed to the inseam ridge 9 with the welt I0, leather 6, lining 1, counter I9, 65 stiiiîener 20, and pocket 2|- by means of the in seam stitching II. As illustrated in Fig. 3, how ever, the bracing flap 23’ has been cut short enough so that this iiap is not actually penetrated by the inseam stitching I I. The flaps 23, 23’ when 70 applied to the pockets 2I just prior to the lasting iiller 24, pad 25 andspacer 26'may be next ap proved arch brace for either men’s, women’s or children’s shoes of all types, which can be readily applied, and the presence of which is noticeable in 50 the completed shoe structure. Although the con fining pockets 2I are visible for sales purposes, the coniined pads or flaps 23, 23’ cannot curl or become displaced after the shoes are completed, and no cement is required in order to hold the 55 brace in position. The improved brace is appli cable to shoes having only a partial welt or none at all, and in unlined shoes the arch brace may be attached directly to the outer leather either with or Without utilizing a confining pocket. The im V60 provement also eliminates necessity of attaching an arch support to the insole before the lasting operation, and provides a completed shoe struc ture of extremely neat and highly finished ap pearance. The material used in the confining 85 pocket 2I also aids the pad 23 in providing a sup port at the arch, and in some cases the pad 23 may be dispensed'with by utilizing relatively stili' ma terial in the formation of the pocket 2 I. The im provement has proven highly successful in actual operation, are preferably moistened so as to make use, and the use of composition sheet material in them suiiiciently pliable to insure smooth forma forming the flaps 23, 23’ has been found advanta ' tion of the adjacent last portions during last ing, and to permit convenient stapling and subse 75 quent sewing or application of the stitching I I. ~ geous over the use of ordinary leather, although leather or other sheet material may be used. It should be understood that it is not desiredv 75 >2,107,129 to limit the invention to the exact details of con struction and to the precise mode of manufacture, herein shown and described, for various modiñca tions Within the scope of the appended claim may occur to persons skilled in the art. We claim: In a shoe, upper structure comprising outer leather and an inner lining loosely engaging the interior of said leather at the arch portion of the 10 shoe, a pocket pad visible from Within the shoe and being secured along its upper edge to the in terior of said lining to form a substantially semi 3v circular pocket at said arch portion, a relatively stiiî bracing pad having a substantially semi circular skived upper edge portion loosely con ñned and freely movable Within said pocket be tween said lining and pad and having a lower sub stantially straight edge at the open end of said pocket, an insole having an inseam ridge, a welt, and common securing means for fastening said welt, said outer material, said lining, and said pocket to said inseam ridge. 10 CHESTER F. ROHN. FRANKLYN A. ROHN.