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Патент USA US2107129

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1 Feb., 1, 1938.
c. F, RoHN ET AL
F‘i-led Oct. 4, 1935
ß 3"
Patented Feb. 1, 193s
, 2,107,129
Chester F. Rohn and Franklyn A. Rohn, Mil
Waukee, Wis.
Application October 4, 1935, Serial No. 43,546
1 Claim. (Cl. 36-71)
The present invention relates in general to improvemen‘ts in the art of manufacture of foot
wear, and relates more specifically to improvements in the construction of shoes having arch
5 bracing or supporting means built therein.
Generally defined, an objectA of the present invention is to provide an improved shoe structure wherein the instep or arch portion of the
wearer’s foot is effectively braced or supported.
Numerous types of instep or arch supports have
heretofore been proposed. In one type of these
previous arch supports, the insole is provided
with an integral side flap which, during lasting
of the shoe, is bent upwardly and ñnally either
15 confined between the adjacent side of the vamp
and inner lining, or permitted to lie exposed
against the inner surface of the lining, This
type of construction has the disadvantages of requiring a large and wasteful piece of leather in
noy the wearer, the brace being either attached
to or detached from the insole.
Another specific object of the invention is to
provide an instep support which may be formed
of any suitable bracing material, including leath
er but not necessarily so, which need not be di
rectly attached to the insole either prior or sub
sequent to the lasting operation.
A further specinc object of the invention is to
provide a durable and effective arch supporting 10
structure which can be readily applied to various
styles and types of foot wear at slight additional
Still another specific object of the invention is
to provide a new and useful arch brace for Welt 15
shoes, which can be embodied in a shoe assem
blage without unusual dif?culty, and without com
plicating the attachment of the vamp» lining and
welt to the inseam ridge of the insole.
- 20 the formation of the insole with a flap; and if
These and other objects and advantages of the 20
the leather iiap» which forms the arch support is
ñnally disposed between the outer leather and
the lining it is not visible in the completed shoe
for sales purposes, whereas location of the flap
25 in visible position within the shoe necessitates
cementing and frequently produces curling and
distortion of the support, thereby causing an-
present invention Will be eline-rent from the fol
lowing detailed description,
A clear conception of several embodiments of
the present improvement, and of the mode of
constructing shoes having the new eroh brace 25
applied therein, may be had by referring to the
drawing accompanying and forming a part of
noyance to the wearer. In order’to obviate the
high cost of insole construction and the waste of
30 leather due to such integral insole and flap formation, it'has also been proposed to form the insole and arch support as separate pieces and to
sew or otherwise attach the nap either to the inseam ridge or to the edge of the insole prim` to
35 the lasting operation. These modified types of
arch supporting flaps were also disposed either
within or at the outside of the inner lining, and
while they do result in reduction in cost of construction, they are also objectionable for'the sev40 eral other reasons above noted. It has moreover
this speciñcation wherein like reference char
acters designate the Same or Similar parts in the
various views.
Fig- 1 iS e» Central longitudinal Section through
e Inail’s Shoe of the Welt type, showing a Dor
tion of the inner pocket which normally conñnes
the arch brace, broken away to reveal the brace;
Fîg- 2 iS e tranSVeI‘Se Section 'through the in- -35
Sien portion of the Shoe Shown in Fig- 1, the See
tion heVing been taken along the line 2---2;
Fig. 3 is a similar Section through a modified
ShoeïStruCÈul‘e; and
Fie 4 iS an internal Dian VieW of the upper Shoe 40
been proposed to utilize a separate arch support
Structure before lasting.
initially inserted between the outer leather and
the lining, and subsequently attached Vto the in-
While the invention has been illustrated here
in as being applied i0' a mam-S Shoe 0f a» Particu
lar type’ 1t És not intend@ to theï'eby TCSirlÍlCi
sole and welt, durin'g'the lasting operation, but
45 this type of structure likewise fails to reveal the
fact that the completed shoe has an arch brace
therein, so that all. _ of" the prior
. ~
supporting structures are relatively objectionable
for one reason 0r anothfìr-
It is therefore a specific object of the present
invention to provide an improved arch brace
for shoes or the like, wherein the bracing flap» is
coniined within a pocket which is visible from
65 within the completed shoe but which cannot an-
the Scope’ smc-e the Improvement 1S obviously; 45
more generally applicable to men’s high shoes
- ,
' ‘
to Womens and Chlldrens shoes of au’ types
having either nailed, sewed'or cemented soles.
Referring to the drawing,- the improved shoe
structure shown in Figs. 1 and 2 has been formed 50
from an upper Structure of the type' Shown in Fig
ci, and comprises in general an upper composed
of outer leather 6 and having a 'lining 1 and suit
able reenforcements interposed between these
parts; an insole 8 having _a continuous inseam 55
ridge 9 normally projecting downwardly there
means of inseam stitching II; an outsole I2 se
cured to the welt III in any suitable or desirable
The cushioning or iilling means which is dis
posed between the insole 8 and the outsole I2 may
be either rubber, cork, felt, or any other suitable
filling material, and comprises a main filler 24v
and an auxiliary heel cushion 25 disposed be
manner; cushioning or filling means disposed be
tween the insole 8 and outsole I2 within the in
neath the heel portion of the main filler 24 and
within a spacer 26. A shank stiffener 21 may also
seam ridge 9; and heel structure» secured to the
rear portion of the outsole I2 in any suitable
be applied between the filler 24 and the outsole I2
in front of the spacer 26, and the outsole I2 may
be secured to the welt I0 either by sewing or ce 10
menting in a well known manner. The heel
structure may also be of any desired type, and as
shown, the heel comprises a heel base 28 cemented
to the heel portion of the outsole I2, and a lower
from; a partial or a continuous welt I0 secured
to the leather 6, lining 1 and inseam ridge 9 by
As shown in Fig. 4, the outer leather '6 of the
vamp is composed of a forepart which may or
may not be provided with a separate tip, and
two rear quarters I3 sewed together and to the
15 side and rear edges of the forepart and having
lacing eyelets III associated therewith. The lin
ing 1 is composed of a cloth vamp lining, and
leather quarter linings I5 seWed together and 'to
the forepart lining; and the assembled lining
20V 1 is initially secured to the outer leather 6 by
stitching I6 which also applies the tongue I1
so as to form the normal vamp.r Intermediate
heel 29 cemented and additionally secured to the
heel base 28 by pegs 30.
While the mode of constructing the improved
shoes should be clearly apparent from the fore
going description, the preferable method of as
sembling the structure will be briefly described. 20
The upper structure is completed as shown in
Fig. 4, and the bracing flap 23 after having been
padding I8 may also be provided between the » treated to make thesame pliable, is inserted With
outer leather 6 and lining 1; and the heel por
in the concealing and confining pocket 2 I. After
25 tion of the vamp may be reenforced by a counter
the insole 8 has been applied to the last, the edges 25
I9 While the toe portion may be likewise reen
of the upper structure and of the various reen
forced by means of a stiiïener 20. rThe type of forcements may be temporarily secured to the in
stiifener customarily used is formed of composi
seam ridge 8 with local staples, and upon appli
tion having the characteristic of becoming limp cation of the welt IIJ, the inseam stitching I I may
30 and pliable when moist, and of becoming rela
be applied to fasten the welt I0, outer leather 6,» 30
tively f'lrm or stiff and hard when dry; and the inner lining 1, counter I9, toe stiffener 20„ and
counter I9 and stiffener 20 are normally sewed pocket 2I to the insole 8. If a bracing flap 23Y such
in place by the inseam stitching II, but leather as shown in Fig. 2 is employed, this flap will also be
or other sheet material may be used in the stiff
attached to the insole during the inseaming oper
.35 ener 20.
ation; but if a fiap 23’ such as shown in Fig. 3 is
In accordance With one embodiment of the utilized, there will be no direct attachment of the
present improvement, the vamp and quarter lin
brace to the insole. Upon completion of the in
ings are additionally provided `at the instep or seaming operation and subsequent trimming, the
arch portion of each shoe, with a leather or
cloth-pocket 2| sewed to the inner side of the
plied, after which the outsole I2 and the heel may
vamp and quarter linings by stitching 22, either
be secured in place in a well known manner. The
before or after these linings are secured to the
outer leather 6, but before lasting. Y An arch brac
ing pad or flap 23 formed either of leather, or
of material similar to that described in connec
tion with the stiiiîener 20, or of other suitable
arch bracing pad 23, 23’ upon drying, becomes
relatively stiff, and provides an effective support
for the instep without danger of curling by virtue
of the confinement thereof within the pocket 2|. 45
From the foregoing description, it will be ap
parent that the present invention provides an im
material, may be trimmed and loosely inserted
Within the pocket 2l as indicated in Fig. 4 to
complete the lining assemblage.
The bracing
50 flap 23 may be thinned at its edges so as vto
facilitate inseaming and to avoid projections and
irregularities within the completed shoe, but
either the brace confining pocket 2I or the brace
itself, are preferably clearly and directly visible
in order to indicate upon casual inspection, that
the shoe structure is in fact provided withan
arch brace.
As illustrated in Figs. 2 and 4, the instep brac
ing iiap 23 is of sufficient size to project outward
ly at the lining at least to the same extent'as the
outer leather 6, lining 1 and pocket 2|,Yso that
when the shoe is being subsequently lasted, the
flap 23 will also besewed to the inseam ridge 9
with the welt I0, leather 6, lining 1, counter I9,
65 stiiiîener 20, and pocket 2|- by means of the in
seam stitching II. As illustrated in Fig. 3, how
ever, the bracing flap 23’ has been cut short
enough so that this iiap is not actually penetrated
by the inseam stitching I I. The flaps 23, 23’ when
70 applied to the pockets 2I just prior to the lasting
iiller 24, pad 25 andspacer 26'may be next ap
proved arch brace for either men’s, women’s or
children’s shoes of all types, which can be readily
applied, and the presence of which is noticeable in 50
the completed shoe structure. Although the con
fining pockets 2I are visible for sales purposes,
the coniined pads or flaps 23, 23’ cannot curl or
become displaced after the shoes are completed,
and no cement is required in order to hold the 55
brace in position. The improved brace is appli
cable to shoes having only a partial welt or none
at all, and in unlined shoes the arch brace may be
attached directly to the outer leather either with
or Without utilizing a confining pocket. The im V60
provement also eliminates necessity of attaching
an arch support to the insole before the lasting
operation, and provides a completed shoe struc
ture of extremely neat and highly finished ap
pearance. The material used in the confining 85
pocket 2I also aids the pad 23 in providing a sup
port at the arch, and in some cases the pad 23 may
be dispensed'with by utilizing relatively stili' ma
terial in the formation of the pocket 2 I. The im
provement has proven highly successful in actual
operation, are preferably moistened so as to make
use, and the use of composition sheet material in
them suiiiciently pliable to insure smooth forma
forming the flaps 23, 23’ has been found advanta
' tion of the adjacent last portions during last
ing, and to permit convenient stapling and subse
75 quent sewing or application of the stitching I I. ~
geous over the use of ordinary leather, although
leather or other sheet material may be used.
It should be understood that it is not desiredv 75
to limit the invention to the exact details of con
struction and to the precise mode of manufacture,
herein shown and described, for various modiñca
tions Within the scope of the appended claim may
occur to persons skilled in the art.
We claim:
In a shoe, upper structure comprising outer
leather and an inner lining loosely engaging the
interior of said leather at the arch portion of the
10 shoe, a pocket pad visible from Within the shoe
and being secured along its upper edge to the in
terior of said lining to form a substantially semi
circular pocket at said arch portion, a relatively
stiiî bracing pad having a substantially semi
circular skived upper edge portion loosely con
ñned and freely movable Within said pocket be
tween said lining and pad and having a lower sub
stantially straight edge at the open end of said
pocket, an insole having an inseam ridge, a welt,
and common securing means for fastening said
welt, said outer material, said lining, and said
pocket to said inseam ridge.
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