Патент USA US2107398код для вставки
Feb. 8, 1938. ' J. A. B. SMITH 2,107,398 'TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed Dec. 29, 19:53 ' ‘ 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb.'8,v 1938. J. A. B. SMITH TYPEWRI'TING MACHINE Filed Dec. 29, 1933 2,107,398 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 NVENTOR: M A'rTo NEY. Feb. 8, 1938. J. A. B. SMITH 2,107,398 TYPEWRITING MACHINE ‘ Filed Dec. 29, 1933 EZNVENTOFU I s'sheets-sneet 5 Feb. 8, 1938. 2,107,398 J. A. B. SMITH TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed Dec. 29, 1933 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 g I Feb . 8', 1938. 2,107,398 J. A. B. SMITH TYPEWRITING MACHINE Filed Dec. 29, 1953 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 3. 5 345. ‘ME Es /ZWMQ’JM% ‘ R Iuvanroa: BY ,4". ' " ; Patented Feb. 8, 1938 2,107,398 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,1,07,398 TYPEWRITING MACHINE Jesse A. B. Smith, Stamford, Conn, assignor to Underwood Elliott Fisher Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware Application December 29, 1983, Serial No. 704,425 24 Claims. (Cl. 197-127) This invention relates tosheet-collating'mech ‘for the record-sheet, said carriage being of spe anism for use in typewriting-manifolding of in dividual bills with record-sheets, and particularly to machines of the kind which, instead of making Ci H) original copy in every way, types the items one under another upon one sheet, and at the same operationdypes one item by the side of another‘. a tabulating mechanism operated by one key mechanism is used for the record-sheet carriage, in a single line upon another sheet. and another tabulating mechanism requiring the operation of another key-mechanism is used for 10 the bill-sheet carriage. a carbon copy that is an exact duplicate of the After the manifolding of each item, the sheets are recollatecl relatively to each other, and rep resented to the types with each sheet occupying next item will be typed below the last; while the ' record-sheet is not line-spaced but is shifted to one side, so that the next item will be typed on said record-sheet in the same line as the next previous item but in a different column. Thus the sheets are collated anew after the typing oi.’ every item, and-this recollation is effected ex peditiously by improved means provided by the present invention. t will be understood, since each transverse line of items on the record-sheet represents an According to the present invention there is only one key-mechanism to be. operated at each recollation of the bill and record-sheet, and con sequently a substantial saving of time is effected. 15 In practicing the present invention use may be made of certain features of construction disclosed in my co-pending application 649,902, ?led Janu ary 3, 1933, and adapted, by means of a novel organization herein set forth, for effecting item- ‘ spacings of agreeing or dissentaneous extents on the bill and record sheets. According to said ap plication, a platen-carriage of conventional de sign, such as the Underwood, may be used to individual bill, that the vertical column-spaces letter-feed, tabulate and line-space the record of the record-sheet serve to classify like items of many bills. The record-sheet may include column-spaces for certain items which are not required to be entered on the bill, and which column~spaces are sheet; and there may be mounted on said con~ therefore to be skipped in the said recollating op erations. The bill is automatically line-spaced as a result "1] special carriage upon which is carried the bill- _ sheet, each carriage having an individual feed roIl-operating line-space mechanism for its work sheet. In recollating the bill and record~sheet a new position. The bill is line-spaced, so that the q. cial construction in order to work with another of its shift crosswise of the record-sheet. It is de sired, however, when a record-sheet column is skipped, or when for any other reason the trans verse spacing of the items typed on the record sheet is not uniform, that there shall not appear on the bill a corresponding skip-space in the ver tically spaced items of said bill. In other words, it is desired that the items in the single column on the bill-sheet shall be line-spaced automati cally but uniformly, irrespective of whether or not the transverse spacing of said items on the record-sheet is uniform. L. As aresult of one feature of the present in vention the recollating of the sheets for each item automatically follows from a simple tabulating key operation, which may produce either corre 50 sponding spacings or dissentaneous spacings of the items as they appear on the bill and record sheets. In the patent to Farnham, Smith and Phelps 1,071,612, of August 26, 1913, a typewriting ma 55 chine is provided with a letter-feeding carriage ventional platen-carriage a. truck carrying the bill~sheet and moving along with said carriage for letter-feeding, said truck being guided on the carriage to move the bill-sheet crosswise of the record-sheet; and furthermore by means of a cam or inclined guide-rail, which cooperates with said truck, the bill-sheet is caused to be moved endwise for line-spacing at the same time that it is moved crosswise of the record-sheet. 35 For universal use with different forms of bill and record sheets, the said inclined guide-rail is made straight, and extends crosswise of the platen-carriage. It results therefore that the line-spacing movement of the bill-sheet effected by means of said inclined guide-rail will be pro portionate to the shift of the bill-sheet crosswise of the record-sheet. If the bill-sheet, for recol lation, is moved from one column of the record sheet to an immediately adjacent column, the 45 bill-sheet will be automatically advanced one line space, but if said adjacent column should be skipped and the bill-sheet advanced to the next column on the record-sheet, the bill-sheet would be line-spaced two spaces, the resulting two line spaces‘ between successive bill-sheet items pro ducing an undesired skip-space on the bill-sheet. The inclined guide-rail and the part which, to effect bill-sheet line-spacing, is in engagement therewith, are therefore newly arranged for the 55 2 purpose of the present invention so as to be ca ploying a conventional tabulating key and stop pable of relative line-space retrograding move— ment, said movement being proportionate to the difference between an extent of bill-truck move mechanism, such as the Underwood, for the record-sheet carriage, and in utilizing, by means of suitable tappet-devices, the tabulating move ment for shifting the bill-sheet one column or ment of the carriage ior actuating the bill-truck 5 stops and the stops which control the iine-spac— unit transversely of the record-sheet and an ex ing of the bill-sheet through the position of the tent of bill-truck movement for shifting the bill aforesaid inclined guide-rail. Thus, not only is sheet beyond said column, as for record-sheet _column-skipping. Thus the line-spacing advance 5 the organization simplified by the use of such 10 of the bill-sheet eiiected between the typing of the items will be uniform irrespective of the spac ing of said items on the record-sheet. The inclined guide-rail may be the member which is mounted for backward movement for negativing any skip-space producing excess of line-spacing of the bill-sheet, the bill-truck being arranged to follow said inclined rail. The guide-rail, suitably guided'on the record-sheet carriage,'for its backward movement, is con 20 stantly urged backward by suitable means, such as a spring, and its position is determined by means of stops mounted preferably on the type writer-carriage. Other stops, also mounted pref erably on said carriage, determine the position of the bill-sheet truck crosswise of the carriage, so that the bill-sheet may be collated with different columns of the record-sheet, said bill-truck being constantly urged contrariwise of the column tabulating movement of said carriage by a spring. so Still other stops determine the positions of the record-sheet carriage in accordance with the several record-sheet columns. Only one key-mechanism is brought into use following the typing of an item in a space on‘ 35 the bill-sheet and in a corresponding column of. the record-sheet, to effect recollation of the sheets for the next item. The collating organi zation is so arranged that as an automatic result of such use of the one key-mechanism, the 40 record-sheet carriage is released from the usual letter-feeding escapement, and then arrested by means of one of the aforesaid carriage-stops; furthermore, as an automatic result of such use of the one key-mechanism, the bill-truck 45 stops are actuated to cause the bill-truck to move relatively to the record-sheet carriage and in a direction contrary to the tabulating move ment of said can'iage, so that, in e?ect, the bill-sheet-item column is not shifted from the typing zone.‘ Incidentally to such relative 60 shift of the bill-sheet truck and record-sheet car riage, the bill-sheet truck is moved upwardly to line-space the bill-sheet by reason of following said inclined rail. A novel feature of organization resides in that 65 will at the same time be positioned at the proper denomination for immediately starting the typ ing of the item. ' Other features and advantages will hereinafter 20 appear. \ g In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view, showing the novel organization for collating the bill and record-sheet, the figure showing a record-sheet carriage, the bill-sheet truck mounted on said carriage, and the novel means whereby the bill sheet truck is line-spaced, and positioned trans versely of the record-sheet carriage. Figure 2 is a general top plan view, showing the relative disposition of parts of the sheet collating organization. Figure 3 is a diagram, illustrating the arrange ment of the different kinds of stops to be used when it is desired not to operate a tabulating key repeatedly for column-skipping. Figure 4 is a cross-sectional side elevation of the carriage and bill-truck, taken on a plane passing through the bill-truck to bring out de tails of construction, and also illustrating how a bill-sheet is gaged and positioned in the bill truck. Figure 5 is a perspective view similar to Figure 91, and illustrates the record-sheet carriage ad vanced relatively to the bill-truck and the in clined guide-rail in a backward position resulting from skipping a column on the record-sheet. Figure 6 is a cross-sectional side elevation of the upper portion of the typewriter, the section being generally taken on a plane passing to the near side of the bill-truck. Figures 7 and 8 are diagrams, indicating the items on the bill-sheet‘ uniformly spaced in a vertical column, while the items as they appear on the record-sheet are not uniiormly spaced. as a result of the use of said one key-mechanism, Figure '1 shows the skipping of one column at a the stops which control the position of the guide time between certain items; and Figure 8 shows rail are also caused to be automatically actuated if, by such use of said one key-mechanism, a column of the record-sheet has been skipped, or if any otherwise-extended tabulation of the record-sheet has been effected. By such actua the skipping of more than one column. The dia tion of the guide-rail stops, the inclined guide rail drops back, so that, in effect, the bill-sheet 85 is advanced only one line-space. Summarizing the foregoing, it may be stated that operation of said one key-mechanism not only effects tabula tion of the record-sheet to a new column-posi tion and recollation therewith of the bill-sheet, 70 and also line-spacing of the bill-sheet; but also automatically 'e?’ects negativing of any skip space producing excess in line-spacing move ment of the bill-sheet resulting from said re collation. 75 conventional tabulating mechanism, but the latter may be of denomination-selecting type to further conduce to expediting the operation of .recollating the bill and record-sheet, it being understood that, in said recollation, the bill sheet column will not only be collated with the 15 proper record-sheet column, but both columns I A further feature of invention resides in em grams also indicate by graphs the negativing of excess line-spacing of the bill-sheet when 001 umns on the record-sheet are skipped. Figure 9 is a perspective view, showing‘ part of the means whereby the bill-sheet truck is guided for movement transversely of the record~sheet. In the Underwood bookkeeping machine, Fig ure 2, to which the invention is applied, a type writer lli is mounted on a computing base It, and has a letter-feeding carriage l‘l mounting a platen ll against which the usual singly oper able type-bars, represented at ll, strike. Said platen I8 is Journaled in a‘ frame 2|, supported for case-shift movement in a carriage-frame 2i, guided by front and rear tracks 22, 23 for letter feed travel effected by means of a carriage-motor 75 3 2,107,398 24 and escapement-devices 25 controlled by .type keys 25. stops 54, preferably arranged in a row paralleling the .platen, the bill-sheet truck 52 operative to The carriageLtracks 22, 23 are part of a ma chine-frame 23, which also has attack 29 upon move the bill 36 obliquely of the platen includes a tongue 55 guided for movement paralleling said row of stops; and therefore the connection be tween said tongue 55 and a plate 52“ forming the bill-carrying part of the truck 52 is formed as by which runs a carrier 30 mounting a series of totalizer-heads 3|. Said totalizer-carrier 30 is connected to the typewriter-carriage I‘! by means of arms 32 reaching forwardly from the latter. Computing wheels of the totalizer-heads 3| are means of a slot 56 in said plate 528 and a roll or stud 5'! of the tongue, said roll being flanged, driven in a well-known manner by means of a as indicated in Figure 1, to engage opposite sides ‘ master wheel 34 of a digit-indexing mechanism of a forwardly-turned portion 58 of the plate 523 in which said slot is formed. Such connection permits the plate 52aL and tongue 55 each to move in the direction indicated, that is, the tongue 55 moves parallel to the row of stops 54, while at the same time the bill-carrying plate 5211 moves along the inclined guide-rail 53. The truck 52 has a pair of clamp-arms 59 for 33, indicated in Figure 6, and operated by means of the type-keys 26. A record-sheet 35 and bill-sheet 36 are intro duced to the platen-carriage, preferably by rear insertion and front insertion respectively. To this end, the platen~frame 20 may include a rear apron 31 curving ‘under the platen, as seen in Figure 6, to form with the latter a rear insertion course for the record-sheet 35. A second apron 38 of the platen-frame 20 curves under the platen and first clamping the bill-sheet to the upstanding plate 52a, and, in order that said clamp-arms 59 may be apron 31 to form a front insertion course for the moved between a bill-clamping position, Figures 1 and G, and a bill-releasing position, Figure 4, they bill 35 and has a ?ared edge 39. To facilitate front insertion of a bill~sheet past said edge 39, there is used a cross-blade 4i nor end in the plate-portion 58, and at the other end. in a similar plate-portion 5|. At said other end, mally in the position seen in Figure 6, but swing able downwardly by means of pivoted arms 42 at the ends of the platen-frame 20, and on which the blade is mounted. The blade is spring pressed, as indicated, to follow a cam 43 mounted at the end of the platen-frame 20, so that said blade, when lowered, presents its lower edge to the ?ared edge 39 of the apron 38 for guiding the front in serted bill-sheet downwardly past said ?ared edge. The aforesaid brie?y described parts relating are fastened to a cross-rod 60, journaled at one said cross-rod 60 has fastened thereto an arm 62 which coacts with a manually-operable lever 63, to enable the latter to move the clamp-arms 59 to i bill-clamping or bill-releasing position, said cross rod arm 62 and lever 63 also coacting, to detent I the clamp-arms in released position, as indicated in Figure 5. For running along the inclined guide rail 53, the plate 52a of the truck 52 has on its rear face ?anged rollers 64 to engage opposite edges of the rail 53 and keep said plate on said : to the sheet-insertion courses are fully described rail. in the copending application of William F. Hel mond, Serial No. 570,845, ?led October 24, 1931 (now Patent No. 1,994,647, dated March 19, 1935). As seen in Figure 1, the platen-frame 20 has end members which may be extended as by brackets 65 to support a cross-bar 6B, which, in turn, sup Bottom feed-rolls 45 are journaled in ears 45 of the apron 38 and bear on the record—sheet 35, but only at the side margins thereof, in order to clear the bill-sheet 36, which is to be shifted crosswise ports the inclined guide-rail 53 and also co—oper~ . In order that the bill as may be guided for col: lating shift, crosswise of the record-sheet 35, and be line-spaced incidentally to its crosswise shift, its upper portion is clamped, after the de be evident from Figure 9. For attaching a draw-spring '13 for urging the truck 52, which includes said structure ‘H and its tongue 55, and the plate 52*, in rightward bill collating direction, there is fastened to one end ‘ ates in guiding the tongue 55 of the truck 52. For the latter purpose, the cross-bar 66 may be of angle section, as indicated in Figures 1 and 6. of the record-sheet. For facilitating front in The inner corner of the cross~bar angle presents sertion of the bill-sheet, the bottom feed-rolls 45 a pair of bosses 68 spaced lengthwise of the cross and the curved part of the apron 38, the latter‘ bar, as indicated in detail in Figure 9. Said bosses being springy, may be cast off by means of arms 68 may be attached to the cross-bar 66 by screws 48 operable by means of a cam-shaft 49, as set 69, and they may be drilled for a pair of guide forth in said Helmond application. Springs 50 rcds 10 for a structure ‘II, in which the tongue 55 bear against said arms for pressing the bottom is embodied, said g'uide—rods guiding the tongue , feed-rolls 45 against the platen. vAs set forth in 55 lengthwise of and parallel to the row of my aforesaid co~pending application, the depth stops 54. Said structure includes a block 12, to of front insertion of the bill-sheet may be deter which the rods 10 may be fastened, and from mined by means of a gage 5|, Figure 6,-against which said rods extend in opposite directions in which the lower edge of the bill-sheet is initially order that preferably the rods 10 slide in the , presented. bosses 68, between which said block moves, as will scribed front insertion of the bill, against an up standing face of a truck 52 which runs upon a cross-rail 53 inclined as shown and mounted upon and above the platen-frame 20 in a novel manner which will presently be described. The lateral position of the ‘bill on said truck-face is deter mined by means of a gage 41. By reason of the inclination of the cross-rail 53, \ ‘aich extends lengthwise of the platen, a shift of the bill-sheet therealong, for collation with different columns (50 of the pair of rods '10 a block ‘I4, to which one end of the spring 'I3is attached, the other spring end being anchored to the cross-bar 66, as shown in Figure 9. The spring 13, disposed as shown for compactness of the mechanism, passes through clearance openings in the bosses 68. The tongue 55 is secured to the block 12, and may be formed of the record-sheet, causes the truck 52 to move as indicated in the drawings to reach under and forwardly of the supporting cross~bar 66. A bar 70 01 rigidly connects the blocks 12 and 14' and c0 transversely of the platen printing-line to there by automatically effect the line-spacing of the ‘1|. bill 35. -‘ For engaging a series of position-determining operates with the rods '10 to stiffen the structure . It will be evident that with the guide-rail 53 stationary, the movement of the bill-carrying _ 2,107,398 plate 523 of the bill-truck 52, in line-spacing direction, will be proportionate to the shift of the truck lengthwise of the platen-carriage. shaft 80 is rocked counterclockwise of Figure 6, to raise the stops 15 out of holding position, that That is, if the truck is shifted from one column arms 88 are interposed in the path of said tongue :1 - of the record-sheet to an adjacent column, the plate 52a will not be line-spaced as far as when said adjacent column is skipped for collating the bill-sheet with a column farther on along the record-sheet. It results, therefore, if the guide rail 53 is ?xed, that the line-spacing on the bill sheet will not be uniform when columns of the record~sheet are skipped, or when for any other reason the bill-sheet is collated with the record sheet columns not uniformly spaced crosswise of the record-sheet. » For illustration, the record-sheet, as shown in Figure 1 and in the diagrams at Figures 7 and 8, is divided into seven columns, each column rep resenting a different item, described by the legend at the head of the column. The bill-sheet is shown as having ?ve item-spaces arranged one below another in a vertical column. Some of the item-columns of the record-sheet, as, for ex ample, the “City Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns, is, out'of'thepath of the tongue 18, said check 19 to check the spring-urged shift of the guide rail 53 after the tongue 18 has passed the stop 75 previously engaged. It will be seen that said guide-rail 53, momentarily thus held by a check arm 86, will be released from the latter when the rock-shaft 88 is restored by rotation clockwise of 10 Figure 6. Upon such restoration of the rock shaft 80, the stops 15 will also be restored, so that the tongue 18 in the resulting movement of the guide-rail 53 will engage the next stop 15. The rock~shaft 88 is yieldably held in the normal angular position seen in Figure 6- by a spring 81 which pulls upon an arm 88 fastened to said rock-shaft 80, said normal position being de termined as by a stop 89 of said arm 88 abutting the bracket 82, Figure 6. Since the stops 15 are normally in the path of the guide-rail tongue 18, the latter is provided with a spring-pressed by pass pawl 88, so as not to impede restoration of the shifted guide-rail. Said by-pass pawl may of Figures 1 and 7, of the “Suburban Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns, of Figure 8, are not repre be arranged as indicated in Figures 1 and 2, to ‘ sented on the bill-sheet and are therefore skipped against an edge 18“ of the tongue, whereby a in the collating operations. stop~arm 15, or 88 is enabled to hold the guide rail 58 against the pull of the spring 85. When returning the guide-rail 58 to its normal Figural position, the pawl 80 swings idly about the pivot 8| while passing a stop-arm 15, For engaging its row of stops 58, the tongue 55 of the bill-truck 52 is also provided with a by-pass pawl 82, so that said steps 58 may not impede return of the shifted truck. The truck controlling rock-shaft 8| also has check-arms 84 interspaced with its stop-arms 54, and it will _ Referring now to the novel arrangement 30 whereby uniform line-spacing of the items on the bill-sheet is attained, irrespective of the crosswise spacing of said items on 'the record-sheet, the in clined guide-rail 53 is mounted so that it may be shifted for causing retrogression of, or prevent~ ing, any skip-space-producing excess line-space movement of the bill-sheet truck 52. In order that the positions of the guide-rail 58 may be controlled by an arrangement of stops 15 similar and parallel to the stops 54, the shift of the in 40 clined rail 53 is made to take place in a direction paralleling the platen, that is, the inclined guide rail 53 is mounted on the platen-paralleling cross-bar 68, so as to be shiftable lengthwise of the latter. To this end, the guide-rail 58 is 45 formed as indicated in Figure 1 to include exten sions ‘I6 bearing ?atwise against the front face of the cross-bar 68, and having slots 11 which swing about a pivot 8|, but to normally stop be evident that the operation and relative ar rangement of said rock-shaft 8|, its arms 58 and 40 98, and of the pawl 82, are similar to the opera tion of the described similar parts for the guide rall 58. The rock-shaft 8| is yieldably held in normal position by a spring 88, said normal posi tion being determined by abutment of an arm 85 45 of said shaft against a stop 85'. Each stop-arm 54 and 15 has its tongue-engag slidably ?t headed studs 18 projecting forwardly - ing stop-surface extended in the direction of from said cross-bar face. For engaging the stops 15, the inclined guide-rail 53 has a forwardly— reaching tongue 18. The stops 15 for the inclined guide-rail 58 and the stops 54 for the bill-truck 52 are in the form of arms, the guide-rail stop-arms 15 being spaced 55 along and fastened to a rock-shaft 88, and the truck stop-arms 54 being spaced along and fas tened to a rock-shaft 8|. Said rock-shafts are relatively disposed as indicated in Figures 1 and 6, and are journaled in brackets 82 supportedby 60 a cross-member 83 which may span, and be, in turn, supported by, the arms 82 which reach for wardly from the carriage i‘! to drive the total izer-carrier 80. Each rock-shaft 88 or 8| is oper ative to move the corresponding stops 15 or 58 out 6.5 of and back into holding position for enabling the truck 52, urged by its spring 18, or the guide rail 58, urged by a spring 85, to shift from one to another of the corresponding stops. The guide~rail spring 85 may be anchored to the 70 cross-bar 88. The rock-shaft 88 for the guide-rail stop-arms 15 has fastened thereto, and interspaced with said stop-arms 15, other arms, namely, check arms 88. Said check~arms 88 are so disposed 75 relatively to the stop-arms 15 that, when said platen case-shift movement, as indicated in Fig ure 1, so that, when the platen is in upper-case position, said stop-arms will still be effective to 50 hold the truck 52 and guide-rail 58. It is provided that the recollation of the bill and recordsheets between the typings of items may be effected by the operation of only one key-mechanism, and that said key-mechanism may be the conventional tabulating key or keys of the typewriter i5, and that, furthermore, to expedite the recollating operations, a denomina tional tabulating mechanism is used. Referring to Figure 2, 88 represents the usual Underwood denominational tabulating keys, which are mounted upon the usual tabulating-key levers not shown, but which extend rearwardly to ele vate the usual denominational stop-blades 81 into the path of column-stops 88, settable along a rack 88 carried by the typewriter-carriage l'l. At the operation of any tabulating key 88, the carriage |‘| will be released from the escapement devices 25 when a corresponding stop-blade 81 is elevated, whereupon the carriage |‘| will ad 70 -vance under the pull of the carriage-motor 18 until arrested by means of the elevated stop blade 81 anda column-stop 88. The denomina tional tabulating mechanism thus serves between 75 5 2,107,898 purpose, the carriage-movement resulting from the typings of the items to advance the ap propriate item-columns of the record-sheet 35 to said tabulating operations is utilized to actuate . the guide-rail-controlling rock-shaft 80 which the printing-point. - In order that the same operation of the de 5 nominational tabulating keys 96 that brings a new record-sheet column to the printing-zone may effect the necessary recollation of the single has accordingly fastened thereto a suitable num ber of tappet-arms I06, one for each shift of the guide-rail 53 required during the typing of a bill-sheet 36 and a corresponding line on the vertical column of the bill-sheet 36 with the new record-sheet 35. Said tappet-arms I06 may be record-sheet column which has been advanced to arranged as indicated in Figures 1 and 6, so that 10 the printing-point, the tabulating movement of they may be operated by the same cam-roll IOI 10 that operates the tappet-arms I00 of the truck the carriage I ‘I resulting from said tabulating key operation is utilized to automatically actuate controlling rock-shaft 8|. Assuming that, between the typings of suc the bill-truck position-controlling‘rock-shaft 6|. Said ‘rock-shaft 8| has accordingly fastened . cessive items, a column of the record-sheet has l5 thereto a set of forwardly-extending tappet-arms been skipped, the tappet-arm I06, provided and 15 suitably located on the rock-shaft 80 for this . I00 arranged so as to pass and be displaced by a ?xed non-traveling cam, preferably a cam-roll IOI. In order that said cam-roll I00 may be effective in the advance of the carriage II in tabulating direction, but be diverted by the tappet-arms I00, so as not to actuate the latter 'in the return movement of the carriage, said cam-roll IOI may be mounted upon a pawl I02. Said cam-roll pawl I02 is pivoted at I03 upon 25 a bracket I04, fastened to the non-traveling track 29 for the totalizen-carrier 30. A ‘stop I02“ of said pawl abutting said bracket I04 holds the pawl I02 so that the cam-roll IOI may be effective for rocking the shaft 8| by the advance 30 of the carriage in tabulating direction. In the return movement of the carriage, the pawl I02 will be idly diverted by thetappet-arms I00, swinging about its pivot against the pull of a pawl-spring I05 which serves to restore the 8.5 diverted pawl to the normal Figure 2 position. It has been explained. that the line-spacing movement of the bill-sheet 36 is- proportionate to the rightward shift of the bill-truck 52, by reason of the inclination of the guide-rail 53. in If the bill-truck stops 54 are uniformlyv spaced, as in accordance with uniformly-spaced record ' sheet columns, and, furthermore, if, at each tabulation of the carriage II, the rock-shaft 8| is actuated, by means of the cam-roll IOI to bring 45 successive ones of said truck-stops 54 into use, ‘then the items on the bill-sheet will be uni will move rightwardly from one stop 15 to an other stop ‘I5, it being understood that, follow ing the escape of the guide-rail ensuing upon the 25 raising of said stops "I5, the guide-rail shift is momentarily checked before its completion by the raised check-arm 86 until the stops ‘I5 are lowered again. By reason of such rightward shift of the guide-rail 53 from one to a succeed ing one of the stops ‘I5, during column-skipping, the net result of the movement of the bill-carry ing plate 52“ in line-spacing direction, relative to said guide-rail 53, will be as though the bill truck 52 was only shifted from one record-sheet 35 column to an immediately adjacent column, and therefore no skip-space will appear in the line spacing of. the bill-sheet items. It will be understood that the truck-controlling stops 54, the guide-rail-controlling stops ‘I5, and 40 the tabulating column-stops 98 may be arranged in different ways in accordance with the arrange ment of the record and bill sheets. For example, Figures 1, 2 and 5 show an arrangement of stops whereby, in order to make said arrangement 45 universal for any bill-sheet and record-sheet ar rangement, there is provided a column-stop 90 each tabulating-key operation, an item is typed. Should the record-sheet, however, have col for each record-sheet column, and there is also provided for each record-sheet column a stop 54, wherefore skipping of a record-sheet column 50 entails repeated operation of the tabulating keys 96. According to such universal arrangement such number of guide-rail stops ‘I5 may be pro the bill-sheet, as, for example, the “City Tax” column of Figure 7, then, following the typing ‘of the “State Tax" item, a tabulating key 96 is operated to ?rst tabulate the carriage I ‘I to vided as will effect one stage of guide-rail shift advance the “City Tax” record-sheet ‘column to the printing¢zone, and then the appropriate de in the typing of a bill. nominational key is operated to bring the “Subur ban Tax” record-sheet column to the printing zone. It will be obvious that, if the inclined Gil guide-rail 53 remains stationary during the de scribed two operations of the tabulating keys 96 between the typings of the “City Tax” and the “Suburban Tax”, the bill-sheet 36 will have been advanced in line-spacing direction an extra-line (55 ,space. That is, the spacing between the “State Tax” and “Suburban Tax” items on the bill sheet will be greater than the spacing between the “Flat Water” (the first item typed) and "state Tax” items. 70 to be raised and lowered again, and in conse quence the guide-rail 53, urged by its spring 85, formly line-spaced, assuming that, following umns for an item which is not to be entered on Li C1 contingency, will, during the tabulating advance of the carriage occurring between the typings of said two items, have been actuated by the cam roll IOI, thereby causing the guide-rail stops 15 20 .. In order to effect uniform line-spacing of the bill-sheet items when a record-sheet column is skipped, the guide-rail 53 is caused to be shifted by actuating its position-controlling rock-shaft 80 whenever a column on the record-sheet is 75 skipped in the tabulating operations. For this for each record-sheet column that is to be skipped 55 . It will be understood, however, that the ar rangement of the stops with respect to their number and disposition, as shown in Figures 1, 2 and 5, may be modified. Thus, for example, as indicated in Figure 3, and considering the items of the bill-sheet and their disposition on the record-sheet as seen in the diagram atyFig ure 7, the column-stops 98 (those indicated by the dotted lines) may be omitted for the ‘City 05 Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns. Corresponding ones of the truck-shiftécontrolling stops 54 may also be left out, the omitted stops 54 being indi cated by the dotted lines in Figure 3. Still re ‘ferring to the diagram at Figure 7, it will be 70 noted that two stages of guide-rail shift are re quired since, between the skipped “City Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns, there is the “Suburban Tax” column, in which, and in a corresponding space on the bill-sheet, an' item is typed. Three 75 6 2,107,398 guide-rail stops 15, and two tappet-arms I06, determining said two stages, are therefore indi cated in the Figure 3 diagram. For clearness, the check-arms 96 and 94 associated respectively with the stops 15 and 54 are not shown in the Figure 3 diagram. Figure 8 exempli?es a form of bill and record sheet wherein two record-sheet columns, namely, “Suburban Tax” and “Rural Tax”, are skipped in the tabulating operation occurring between the typings of the “City Tax” and “Paving Tax”. If, for the skipping of said two record-sheet col umns, corresponding column-stops 96 and truck stops 54 are omitted in an arrangement similar to 15 that illustrated in the diagram at Figure 3, there will be only one stage of column-skipping, and therefore there need be only one stage of shift ing the guide-rail 53, and hence only two guide rail stops ‘I5 and one tappet I06 for determining 20 said one stage of guide-rail shift will be needed. The several stop-arms 54, 15, the check-arms 94, 86, and the tappet-arms I00, I06 may be re leasably secured to the shafts 00, 9|, as by set screws H9 and I20, Figure 6. It will be evident that omission of the use of any one of these arms may be effected by swinging the same to ineffective position, so as to clear the tongues 55 and 19 of the bill-sheet truck and guide-rail, respectively. From the foregoing, it will be evi 30 dent that the invention is not limited to the ar rangements of the several stop-arms shown. It may be noted, since the truck-stops 54 or 15 are, during the recollating operations, only me mentarily out of effective position, the same be ing restored as soon as a tappet-arm I00 or I06 passes the cam-roll IOI, that, in some cases, the check-arms 86 and 94 may be omitted, as, for example, where the spacing between successive stops 54 or 15 is of such extent that said stops 40 will have ample time to return before the truck 52 or guide-rail 53 reaches the stop 54 or 15 fol lowing the one from which it was released. For returning the bill-truck 52 to its normal position relative to the typewriter-carriage I‘! 45 after the typing of a bill, a handle or ?nger-piece II‘! is provided, and may be attached, as indi cated in Figure 9, to the bar 61 of the tongue structure ‘ll of said truck 52. Said ?nger-piece II 1 also serves to return the guide-rail 53 to its 50 normal position with the same stroke of the hand that returns the truck 52, and for this purpose the plate 528 of said truck may have a projec tion II4, Figure 1, which engages an edge 53‘1 of the guide-rail 53, and thereby moves the latter 55 along back to normal position when the truck 52 is fully returned. The totalizer-heads 3I, one for each kind of item, are used for footing the items of the indi vidual record-sheet columns. Each item in the 60 last record-sheet column represents the total of a bill, and said total is computed in a cross totalizer I01 afforded by the computing base I6 and operated in conjunction with the operation . of the totalizer-heads iii in the manner set forth 65 in the co-pending application of Thieme, Serial No. 680,036, ?led July 12, 1933. Brie?y described, therefore, as an item is typed and entered one ?gure at a time in the corresponding totalizer head 3I, indexing-devices for the totalizer I 01 70 are set up in the computing base I6 by means of the numeral-keys 26a and denomination~selecting trains represented by jacks I09, Figure 6. Said jacks are operable seriatim by computing-zone tappets IIO, one for each item, on the carriage I'I. As the carriage advances a letter-feeding step after typing’the last ?gure of an item in a computing zone, the column-stop 96 for said zone may actuate a train III, diagrammatically indi cated in Figure 6, to trip cycling mechanism not shown but represented by said train I I I. By the tripping of such cycling mechanism, the amount indexed by the numeral-keys 26‘ is caused to be run into the cross~totalizer I01. The last or “Total Tax” item on the bill-sheet and on the record-sheet is copied from the cross-totalizer II I 01, and, preparatory to such copying, the mech anism in the computing base is automatically set for subtraction by means of a cam I I2 on the last column-stop 90, said cam operating a train H3 to set the computing base I6 for subtraction in the manner set forth in Minton Patent No. 1,280,065, which also shows the denomination selecting trains. By reason of said subtraction setting, the cross-totalizer I01 will be cleared for the next bill when the computing base I6 is cycled following the copying of the “Total Tax” item. The typewriter-carriage I‘! has the usual line spacing mechanism II5 including a. carriage-re turning and line-spacing handle H6. The operation of the machine will be readily understood from the foregoing description, and may therefore be summarized as follows. Referring to Figure '7, it is indicated by the four transverse lines of items that four bills have already been typed, and the like items have been entered in the appropriate record-sheet col umns, and that the typing of the ?rst item, “Flat Water", for the ?fth bill is just about to be completed. Following the typing of said first item, the computing base I6 is cycled, as ex plained, and the appropriate denominational tab ulating key 96 is operated to advance the car riage I‘! to bring the "State Tax” column of the record~sheet, for which there is a column-stop 98, to the printing and computing zone. By such tabulating movement of the carriage H the bill truck 52 may be temporarily carried along to an extent depending on the relative positions of the first tappet-arm I00 and roller IN. The ?rst tappet-arm I00 is so disposed on the rock-shaft 8| that the latter is caused to be rocked ?rst in one direction ‘to raise the stop-arms 54 and check-arms 94 as said tappet-arm passes under the cam-roll IOI and then is rocked in the oppo site direction under the pull of the shaft-spring 93 to restore said arms 54, 94 as said tappet-arm I00 passes beyond said cam-roll IOI before said tabulating movement is completed, thereby'caus ing the bill-truck 52 to move rightward under the pull of its spring 13 to the position determined by the next truck-stop 54. By said rightward movement of the bill-truck 52 relative to the car riage I1, the single bill-sheet item-column is recollated with the “State Tax” column of the record-sheet, and incidentally the bill-sheet carrying plate 52‘ is moved in line-spacing direc tion, by reason of the inclination of the guide rail 53 along which said plate 52' runs in said rightward movement of the truck. The recollat ing and line-space shift of the “State Tax" space 65 of the bill-sheet to the “State Tax” column thus effected is indicated in Figure 7 by the graph III. It will be understood that, during the typing of each item, the bill-truck 52 moves in letter feeding unison with the carriage IT, by reason of the coupling effected by means of the truck tongue 55 and whichever stop 54 said tongue abuts. _ The “State Tax" space in the single column of the bill-sheet having been collated with the I g ‘ 7 2,107,398 “State ‘Tax” column of’ the'record-sheet, the the third guide-railstop ‘I5, and the truck 52 will “State Tax” item is now typed, the computing of course have been advanced to the sixth truck-. base I6 being again cycled for entering the stop 54 of Figure 2 ‘by ‘the repeatedtabulating key operation. The collation of the “Paving Tax” bill-sheet spaced with the record-sheet “Paving Tax" column is indicated by the graph I23 which “State Tax” in the cross-totalizer I01. Since the "City Tax" is not represented on the bill-sheet 36, the “Clty'Tax” column of the record-sheet is to be skipped in the tabulating operation fol lowing'the typing of the “State Tax”. ' For skip ping the record-sheet “City Tax" column, any '10 one of the tabulating keys 06 may be operated. In the resulting tabulating movement of I the car includes a break I24 to represent the shift of the guide-rail attending the skipping of the “,Rural Tax” column, it being understood that the graph I23 includes the previous graphs “8, I22. Sim 10 ilarly the bottom graph I25 includes theiprevious graphs and also the portion indicating the colla ri'age H, the second tappet-arm I00 of Figure 2 will pass underneath, the cam-roll, IOI, thereby tion of the “Total Tax” bill-sheet space with the causing the bill-truck 52 to move from the second , “Total Tax” record-sheet column. bill-truck stop 54 of Figure 2 to"the third bill , For the “Total Tax” collation, the appropriate truck stop 54. The proper denominational key tabulating key 05 will be operated, thereby caus 00 is now operated to bring the “Suburban Tax" ing the last tappet-arm I00 to pass under the column of the record-sheet to the printing-zone, roll MI and resulting in the truck 52 escaping and, during the resulting tabulating movement of to the last column-stop 54. The “Total Tax” is the carriage, the third tappet-arm I00 of Figure now copied on the sheets 35, 36 from the cross 20 2 will pass under the roll IOI, hereby causing a shift of the bill-truck 02 to the fourth truck-stop 54 of Figure 2. The single bill-sheet column will totalizer I 01 and incidentally entered into a cor responding vertical totalizer-head 3i, it being understood that each record-sheet column in which an item is typedis represented by a total thus have been collated vwith the “Suburban izer-head 3|. Following the typing of the “Total Tax" column of the record-sheet. Tax" item, the computing base is subtractively Incidentally to the described repeated opera cycled as already explained, thereby causing the tions of the tabulating keys 96 resulting in shift ing said single bill-sheet column,. ?rst ,to the cross-totalizer I01 to be cleared, A proof-key “City Tax” column of the record-sheet, and then I26 may be operated to print a clear sign verifying 30 to the “Suburban Tax” column of the record the correct transcription of the total shown by 30 ' sheet, the guide-rail 53 will have been shifted, the cross-totalizer I01. , In the diagram at Figure 7, the lines I2'I repre and, to this end,‘ a guide-rail-shift-contro1ling tappet-arm I06 is disposed so as to pass under sent the addition of the items of a bill by?he and be rocked by the cam-roll IOI, either during the shift from the “State Tax” to the “City Tax" column, or during the shift from the “City Tax” column to the “Suburban Tax” column. As in dicated in ‘Figure 2, the tappet-arm I06 is dis posed adjacent to the second tappet-arm I00 40 which controls the truck—shift, so that the guide rail shift takes place during the shift of the truck from the "State Tax” to the “City Tax” ‘column. By the shifting of the guide-rail 53 rightward relative to the carriage H, the skip cross-totalizer I01, the .last line I21“ representing cross-totalizer I01. . _ The typewriter-carriage I1 is now returned, and incidentally to such return, by means of the line-space handle H6, the record-sheet 35 will be line-spaced for a. new bill 30. The typed bill is removed from the‘ bill-truck 02, and, before the new bill is inserted, the bill-truck resting against the last stop 54 is returned to its normal position relative to the carriage H by means of the handle space producing excess of line-space movement III, in order to bring the bill-receiving plate 52a incident to the skipping of the “City Tax” col umn is negatived, as is indicated by the break I2I in the graph I22 of Figure 'I, said graph in dicating the collation of the “Suburban Tax” in proper relation to the bill-gage 5|. Inciden tally to such return of the bill-truck, the guiderai1'53 will also be returned to its normal posi ' space on the bill-sheet with the “Suburban Tax” From‘ the foregoing, it will be evident that the operation of the machine for producing a bill and record-sheet having the forms represented in the column on the record-sheet. The graph I22 also includes, as will be readily noted,a portion cor responding to the previous graph I I8. In the de scribed shift of the guide-rail 53 attending the skipping of the “City Tax” column of the record sheet, said guide-rail will move from the ?rst stop ‘I5 to the second step ‘I5 of Figure 2, it being obvious that the operation of the guide-rail rock shaft 80 and its arms ‘I5, 85, by means of the Iii the subtraction of the “Total Tax” item from said ‘ tappet-arm I06, will be similar to the described operation of the rock-shaft BI. The “Suburban Tax” is now typed, and, fol lowing this, there is a repeated operation of the tabulating keys 96 to bring the “Paving Tax” space of the bill-sheet to the “Paving Tax” col umn of the record-sheet, the repetition of said tabulating-key operation being necessary to‘skip the “Rural Tax” column (for which there is no space on the bill-sheet). During said repeated tabulation, the guide-rail 53 .is again shifted by means of the second tappet-arm I00, Figure 2, to negative the skip-space producing excess of tion, determined by'the ?rst stop ‘I5. diagram at Figure 8, will be effected similarly to. the operation just described with reference to the sheet-forms ‘of Figure 7, it being noted, however, that the guide-rail-controlling tappet-arms I06 will be positioned on the rock-shaft 80 in such wise as to cause the guide-rail 53 to be shifted When the “Suburban Tax" and the “Rural Tax” record-sheet columns, Figure 8, are skipped. The graphs I28 in Figure 8 represent the bill-sheet collating movements of the truck-plate 528, it be ing noted that the two lower graphs I28 include portions I28“ representing each a line-space-mod ifying shift of the guide-rail 53, the shift of the bill-sheet from the “City Tax” record-sheet col umn to the “Paving Tax” column being effected in two stages by repeated operation of the tabu lating keys 9B. As already explained, Figure 3 represents an ar 70 rangement of stop-arms designed to avoid repe tition of operating the tabulating keys 96 when a line-space movement oithe bill-sheet resulting ' column is to be skipped, and it willbe under from skipping the “Rural Tax” column. The guide-rail, by such shift, comes in contact with :3 El stood that operation of the machine with refer ence to a stop-arrangement such as shown in £107,898 Figure 3 is, aside from avoiding repetition oi’ tab ulating-key operation, similar to the operation of the machine described with reference to Figure '1. The by-pass pawls 80 and 92 may each be pro vided with an anti-friction roller I" for contact ing the stops ‘l5 and 54 to ease the operation of sheet, a single set of denominational tabulating keys, and means, whereby, at the operation of said tabulating key following the printing of an item on the billssheet and in a column on the rec ord-sheet, said record-sheet carriage is tabulated 5 to bring a corresponding denomination of a suc the shafts 80, 8| by means of the movement of ceeding record-sheet column to the printing the typewriter~carriage i ‘I. For preventing springing of the left end of the 10 tongue-structure ‘ll of the truck 52 when the op zone, and whereby, as a result of said tabulating key operation, said coupling means are automati cally actuated to reposition the truck relative to 10 erator's hand is applied to the handle Ill for re- > the record-sheet carriage, to bring the same de turning the truck, said handle may carry a roller nomination in the bill-sheet column to said print ill which bears on the top of the cross-bar 86 ing zone and to change the vertically-spaced rela and also bears against an edge of a strip or ridge tion of the truck and carriage to effect line-spac I32 of the cross-bar 66, see Figures 1 and 4.‘ ing of the bill-sheet. Variations may be resorted to within the scope of the invention, and portions of the improve ments may be used without others. Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. In a machine, having types, for typewriting manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the combination of a carriage for the record-sheet, a truck for the bill-sheet, said carriage and truck mounted for letter-feeding movement in unison, folding relation to the record—sheet, the items. be and also for movement relative to one another and to the types, so that items typed, one under another, in a single column of the bill-sheet‘are at the same time manifolded alongside one an ing the truck and determining, by means of one or other in different columns on the record-sheet, a single set of denominational tabulating keys, and means whereby, at the operation of any tabulat ing key, following the printing of an item on' the another thereof, the position of the truck relative to said carriage, said truck and carriage being coupled by means of said stops to advance in uni son for letter-feeding, and tappet-means where 30 by the carriage, by its movement to tabulate suc cessive columns of the record~sheet to the print— bill-sheet and in a column of the record-sheet, ing-zone, automatically causes said truck to be re- ' positioned, at each column, relatively to said car riage by means of said stops, whereby, as each col umn of the record-sheet is tabulated to the print ing-zone, the single column of the second work a corresponding denomination of a succeeding whereby, as a result of said tabulating-key opera— tion, the bill-truck is automatically positioned relatively to the record-sheet carriage to bring 40 the same denomination in the bill-sheet column to said printing-point. 2. In a machine, having types, for typewriting sheet is automatically collated with said each record-sheet column. '5. A machine, having types, for typewritlng 40 manifolding a. bill-sheet and a record-sheet, in cluding a carriage for presenting the record-sheet manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the to the types, a truck for presenting the bill-sheet combination of a letter-feeding carriage for the in manifolding relation to the record-sheet and types, said bill-sheet truck being shiftable length 45 record-sheet, a truck for the bill-sheet, means for effecting coupling of the truck to said carriage in different positions relative to the latter, so that items typed one below the other in a single col umn of the bill-sheet are at the same time mani-_ 50 folded alongside one another in different ‘columns on the record-sheet, a single set of denomina tional tabulating keys, and means whereby, at the operation of any tabulating key, following the printing of an item on the bill-sheet and in a col umn of the record-sheet, said record-sheet car riage is tabulated to bring a corresponding de wise of the carriage to collate a single column of the bill-sheet in which items are entered one be low the another with a multiplicity of item-clas sifying columns spaced transversely of the record sheet, and means whereby the movements of the truck for shifting same lengthwise of the carriage to collate the single bill-column with different record-sheet columns automatically eifects line spacing of the bill-sheet, said line-space-eil'ecting means being arranged so that the items on the 55 bill-sheet are uniformly line-spaced irrespective nomination of a succeeding record-sheet column of uniformity or non-uniformity of the spacing of, to the printing-point, and whereby, as a result of . the record-sheet columns in which said items are said tabulating-key operation, said coupling entered. ‘ means are ’ automatically actuated to reposition 6. A machine, having types, for typewriting the truck relative to the record-sheet carriage, to manifolding a bill-sheet and ‘a record-sheet, in bring the same denomination in the bill~sheet col umn to said printing-point, means being provided to automatically effect line-spacing of the bill 65 ing typed on said second sheet one below the other in a single column, a series of stops for restrain said record-sheet carriage is tabulated to bring record-sheet column to the printing-point, and 60 4. In a typing machine, the combination of a tabulating carriage for a record-sheet upon which diiferent items" are typed in corresponding vertical columns, a truck constantly urged to move lengthwise oi’ said carriage in a direction oppo 20 site to the tabulating movement of the latter, and arranged to present a second work-sheet in mani sheet; - - . 3. In a machine, having types, for typewriting manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the combination of a letter-feeding carriage for the record-sheet, a truck for the bill-sheet, means for effecting coupling of the truck to said carriage in different laterally and vertically spaced relations to the carriage so that items will be typed one be low the other in a single column of the bill-sheet, and will at the same time be manifolded alongside 75 one another in different columns on the record cluding a carriage for presenting the record sheet to the types, a truck for presenting the bill sheet in manifolding relation to the record-sheet and types, said bill-sheet truck being shiftable 65 lengthwise of the carriage to different stop-posi tions to collate a single column of the bill-sheet in which items are typed one below the other with a multiplicity of different item-classifying col umns of the record-sheet, and means whereby, at 70 each shift of the bill-truck from one stop-posi tion to another, the bill is line-spaced, the bill truck being repeatedly shiftable to skip a record sheet ‘column, said line-space means being ar ranged so that, when a column is skipped, the 75 2,107,898 line-spacing of the bill-sheet incident to such skipped column is automatically, negatived, whereby the line-spacing of the bill-sheet items is uniform irrespective of the transverse spacing of the columns of the record-sheet in which said items are entered. , 7. In a typing machine, the combination with the types, of a tabulating carriage arranged to present to the types a record-sheet having a mul tiplicity of item-classifying columns spaced dif ferent distances apart crosswise of the record sheet, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet, having a single item-column in which items are typed one below the other, in manifolding relation to said record-sheet, said truck being movable lengthwise of the carriage for locating the bill truck at different positions, corresponding to the unequally-spaced record-sheet columns, length wise of the carriage, and means whereby the 20 movements of the truck in its shifts to successive unequally-spaced positions automatically causes the bill to be uniformly line-spaced. 8. In a typing machine, the combination with the types, of a tabulating carriage arranged to - present to the types avrecord-sheet having a mul tiplicity of item-classifying columns spaced dif ferent distances apart crosswise of the record sheet, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet, having a single item-column in which items are typed 30 one below the other, in manifolding relation to said record-sheet, said truck 'being movable lengthwise'of the carriage for locating the bill truck at different positions, corresponding to the unequally-spaced record-sheet columns, length 35 wise of the carriage, a camming device auto matically effective, in the shifts of the truck to successive positions relative to the carriage, to cam the truck in line-spacing direction, said cam ming device arranged to cam the truck in uni 40 form ratio to its shift lengthwise of the carriage, in order to provide’for line-spacing the truck uniformly‘, as for equally-spaced record-sheet columns, and means whereby, in tabulating the carriage with reference to two successive record 45 sheet columns whose spacing varies from the equally-spaced columns, said camming device is automatically shifted to maintain said uniform ity of the line-spacing. _ 9. In a typing machine having types, the com 50 bination of a paper-carriage for presenting a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to the first work-sheet, means including an inclined 9 sheet on said truck with successive item-columns of the first work-sheet, the inclination of said guide-rail being effective to line-space the truclg incidentally to each, of said shifts‘, said shifts being of unequal extents corresponding to un equal spacing of the columns of the ?rst workr sheet, and means operative for displacing said guide-rail in accordance with the inequality in the collating shifts of said truck, thereby to ef fect uniform line-spacing of the work-sheet on 10 said truck. 11. In ,a typing machine having types, the ~ combination of .a paper-carriage for presenting a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to 15 the ?rst workisheet, means for guiding said truck for movement relative to said carriage, whereby an item-column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car riage, ‘be collated with different item-columns 20 spaced crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and may also be line-spaced. incidentally to said shifts, and means including stops for effecting displacement, gaged by said stops,- of said truck guiding means, whereby unequal shifts of the truck for collating its work-sheet with unequal ly-spaced columns of the ?rst work-sheet will nevertheless effect equal displacements of the truck in line-spacing direction. 12. In a typingimachine having types,‘the combination of a paper-carriage for‘ presenting a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting - h a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to the ?rst work-sheet, means for guiding said truck for movement relative to said carriage, whereby 35 an item-column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car riage, be collated with different item-columns spaced crosswise of the/?rst work-sheet, and may also be line-spaced incidentally to said 40 shifts, andomeans including stops for effecting displacement, gaged by said stops, of said truck-, guiding means, whereby unequal shifts of the truck for collating its work-sheet with unequally spaced columns of the first work-sheet will 45 nevertheless effect equal displacements of » the truck in line-spacing direction, said last-men tioned means being arranged so as to be auto matically operated at predetermined points in the travel ‘of said carriage. 13. In a typing machine having types, the 50 combination of a paper-carriage for presenting a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting guide-rail operative for guiding said truck forv a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to movement relative to said carriage whereby an item-column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car riage, be collated at different item-columns the ?rst work-sheet, a member mounted on said carriage and co-operative with a part on said truck for guidingysaid truck for oblique move ment relative to said carriage, whereby an item spaced crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by 60 may also be line-spaced incidentally to said shifts of the truck relative to said carriage, 60 shifts, and means for effecting a displacement ‘be collated at different item-columns spaced in said truck-guiding means with reference to crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and may also said inclined guide-rail, whereby unequal shifts be line-spaced incidentally to said shifts, means of the truck for collating its work-sheet with un constantly urging displacement of said guide equally-spaced columns of the ?rst work-sheet member relative to said carriage, and stop-means will nevertheless effect equal displacements of the normally restraining said member and operable truck in line-spacing directions. _ to effect and gage said displacement, whereby un 10. In a typing machine having types, the equal shifts of the truck for collating its work- “ combination of a paper-carriage for presenting sheet with unequally-spaced columns of the ?rst a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting work-sheet will nevertheless effect equal move a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to ments of the truck in line-spacing direction. the ?rst work-sheet, a. guide-rail inclined rela 14. In a typing machine having types, the tively, to the printing-line of the ?rst work-sheet, combination of a paper-carriage for presenting. a and along which said truck runs in shifts ef work-sheet to the ‘types, a truck for presenting fected for collating an item-column of'the work a second work-sheet in manifolding'relation to 75 l. O aromas v the ?rst work-sheet, a member mounted on said carriage and co-operative with apart on said truck for guiding said truck for oblique move ment relative to said carriage, whereby an item column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by shifts of the truck relative to said carriage, be collated at different item-columns spaced cross wise of the ?rst work-sheet, and may also be 10 line-spaced incidentally to said shifts, means constantly urging displacement of said guide member relative to said carriage, stop-means normally restraining said member and operable to effect and gage said displacement, and a tap pet-device whereby the carriage at a predetermined point in its travel operates said stop-means to effect a displacement of said guide-member, types, of a truck for presenting a bill-sheet in manifolding relation to the record-sheet, a mem ber engaging a part of said truck for guiding said truck for shifts relative to the platen in a direc tion oblique to the printing-line, said shifts effec ‘dassifying columns of the record-sheet, said oblique direction of the truck-shifts being effec tive to also line-space the bill-sheet proportion ately to the movement of the truck from column to column of the record-sheet, key-operated tab ulating mechanism operable, preparatory to the of the first work-sheet will nevertheless effect typing of an item in the bill-sheet column and in the corresponding record-sheet column, to effect the tabulation of said record-sheet column with the types, and to correspondingly effect a shift of the truck to collate the bill-sheet with said 15. In a typewriting machine, the combina tion of a carriage for presenting to the types a record-sheet having a’ plurality of item-classify 25 ing columns, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet in manifolding relation to the record-sheet, said truck shiftable relatively to the carriage for col lating a bill-sheet column, in which di?’erent items are typed one below another, with corre 30 sponding record-sheet columns, means tending to line-space the bill-sheet in proportion to the shift of the truck lengthwise of the carriage, whereby, for entries of items in uniformly-spaced record-sheet columns, the corresponding items on 35 ‘the bill-sheet are uniformly line-spaced, and means operable to act on said line-spacing means to modify the line-spacing when, between the typings of successive items, the truck is shifted lengthwise of the carriage for entry of said suc 40 cessive items in record-sheet columns that are di?erently spaced, whereby the items are uni formly line-spaced on the bill-sheet irrespective of the spacing of corresponding record-sheet col umns. ' 16. A machine constructed according to claim 15, and including a tabulating mechanism for said carriage, whereby, following the typing of an item in one record-sheet column, the carriage is tabulated to bring a new record-sheet column to the types, and means automatically brought into use at the operation of said tabulating mech anism to cause the bill-sheet truck to be corre spondingly shifted, and also to cause said line space-modifying means to be operated to act on said line-spacing means if the carriage and truck shifts resulting from said tabulating-mechanism operation are made with reference to said dif ferently-spaced record-sheet columns. '17. In a typing machine, the combination with 10 tive to collate a bill-sheet column in which items are typed one below another with different item whereby unequal shifts of the truck for collat ing its work-sheet with unequally-spaced columns 20 equal movements of the truck in line-spacing direction. 45 of the items_of the‘ bill-sheet is rendered com paratively dissentaneous with the spacing of the record-sheet columns. 18. In a typing machine, the combination with a platen for presenting a record-sheet to the record-sheet column, and ‘means operable inci dentally to any tabulating operation to effect a bodily relocation of said guiding member rela tive to said platen, whereby the line-spacing of the items on the bill-sheet is rendered compara tively dissentaneous. with the spacing of th record-sheet columns. ' a 19. A machine constructed according to claim 18, including means whereby said guide-member relocating means are automatically operated at the tabulating operation executed preparatory to typing a certain one of the items. 20. The combination of a carriage for a mul tiple-column record-sheet, a bill-sheet carrier repeatedly shiftable laterally of said carriage to collate a single column of the bill-sheet with successive record-sheet columns, a cam-connec tion, between said carriage and carrier, normally effective to line-space the bill-sheet in propor tion to each lateral shift of said carrier rela tively' to said record-sheet, whereby even lateral shifts of the bill-carrier result in even line-spac ing of the bill-sheet, means operable to substan tially disable said cam-connection for a portion of an extended shift, such as a column-skipping shift, of the bill-carrier, to preserve the even line-spacing, and means settable to predeterrnine automatic operation of said disabling means at and only for an eirtended shift of the bill-car rier. 21. The combination of ‘a record-sheet car riage, a’ bill-sheet carrier repeatedly shiftable laterally relatively to said carriage for collating a single column of a bill-sheet successively with ya multiplicity of columns of the record-sheet, and means operating automatically at successive lat eral shifts of the bill-carrier relatively to the 60 a. platen for presenting a record-sheet to the types, of a truck, for presenting a bill-sheet in ‘ carriage to uniformly line-space the bill, said manifolding relation to the record-sheet, a mem ber engaging a. part of said truck for guiding said truck for shifts relative to the platen in a line-spacing means being arranged to automati cally maintain the uniform line-spacing for col direction oblique vto the printing-line, said shifts relatively to adjacent record-sheet columns. effective to collate a bill-sheet column in which items are typed one below another with different item-classifying columns of the record-sheet, said oblique direction of the truck-shifts being 70 eifectiveto also line-space the bill-sheet propor tionately to the movement of the truck from column to column of the record-sheet, and means operable incidentally to any shift of the truck to' effect‘ a bodily relocation of said guiding member -75 relative to said platen, whereby the line-spacing umn-skipping shifts as 'well as for shifts e?ected 22. The combination of a record-sheet car riage, a bill-sheet carrier repeatedly shiftable laterally relatively to said carriage for collating a ‘single column of a bill-sheet successively with a multiplicity of columns of the record-sheet, 70 said bill-carrier being also shiftable for line spacing, a device on the carriage, extending in the direction of bill-carrier shifts, and means on the bill-carrier interacting with said device so that the lateral collating shifts of the bill-car 75 11 2,107,898 rier relatively to the carriage produce line-spac for a multiple-column record-sheet, a bill-sheet ing shifts of said bill-Jcarrier, and means for dis placing said device, relatively to the means in can'ier repeatedly shiftable laterally relatively to the carriage, at the tabulating advances of the latter for successive record-sheet columns, to col late the bill-sheet with said columns, an inclined 5 track on the carriage effective, at each lateral teracting therewith, for limiting the line-space UK shift at an extended lateral shift of the carrier, as for column-skipping, whereby ‘uniform line spacing results irrespective of whether or not the several bill-carrier lateral shifts include a column-skipping shift, said device and the there 10 with interacting means remaining e?ective, after their relative displacement, for continuing the' uniform line-spacing. - 23. The invention as set forth in claim 22 inclusive of means operative to concomitantly 15 return the bill-carrier to an initial position rela tively to the carriage, and relatively restore said device and the therewith interacting means if displaced as aforesaid. 24. The combination of a tabulating carriage shift of the bill-carrier relatively to the carriage, to shift said bill-carrier in‘ line-spacing direction, means operable for displacing said track rela tively to the carriage, whereby, if a carriage ad 10 vance is for column-skipping, the line-spacing for said column-skipping advance is negatived, thereby to provide for uniform line-spacing of the bill-sheet, and means cooperative with the carriage at a column-skipping advance of said carriage to automatically operate said track-dis placing means. ' JESSE A. B. SMITH.