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Патент USA US2107398

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Feb. 8, 1938.
'
J. A. B. SMITH
2,107,398
'TYPEWRITING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 19:53 '
‘
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
Feb.'8,v 1938.
J. A. B. SMITH
TYPEWRI'TING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1933
2,107,398
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
NVENTOR:
M
A'rTo NEY.
Feb. 8, 1938.
J. A. B. SMITH
2,107,398
TYPEWRITING MACHINE ‘
Filed Dec. 29, 1933
EZNVENTOFU
I
s'sheets-sneet 5
Feb. 8, 1938.
2,107,398
J. A. B. SMITH
TYPEWRITING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1933
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
g
I
Feb . 8', 1938.
2,107,398
J. A. B. SMITH
TYPEWRITING MACHINE
Filed Dec. 29, 1953
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
3. 5
345.
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BY ,4".
' "
;
Patented Feb. 8, 1938
2,107,398
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,1,07,398
TYPEWRITING MACHINE
Jesse A. B. Smith, Stamford, Conn, assignor to
Underwood Elliott Fisher Company, New York,
N. Y., a corporation of Delaware
Application December 29, 1983, Serial No. 704,425
24 Claims. (Cl. 197-127)
This invention relates tosheet-collating'mech
‘for the record-sheet, said carriage being of spe
anism for use in typewriting-manifolding of in
dividual bills with record-sheets, and particularly
to machines of the kind which, instead of making
Ci
H)
original copy in every way, types the items one
under another upon one sheet, and at the same
operationdypes one item by the side of another‘.
a tabulating mechanism operated by one key
mechanism is used for the record-sheet carriage,
in a single line upon another sheet.
and another tabulating mechanism requiring the
operation of another key-mechanism is used for 10
the bill-sheet carriage.
a carbon copy that is an exact duplicate of the
After the manifolding of each item, the sheets
are recollatecl relatively to each other, and rep
resented to the types with each sheet occupying
next item will be typed below the last; while the
' record-sheet is not line-spaced but is shifted to
one side, so that the next item will be typed on
said record-sheet in the same line as the next
previous item but in a different column. Thus
the sheets are collated anew after the typing oi.’
every item, and-this recollation is effected ex
peditiously by improved means provided by the
present invention.
t will be understood, since each transverse
line of items on the record-sheet represents an
According to the present invention there is
only one key-mechanism to be. operated at each
recollation of the bill and record-sheet, and con
sequently a substantial saving of time is effected. 15
In practicing the present invention use may be
made of certain features of construction disclosed
in my co-pending application 649,902, ?led Janu
ary 3, 1933, and adapted, by means of a novel
organization herein set forth, for effecting item- ‘
spacings of agreeing or dissentaneous extents on
the bill and record sheets. According to said ap
plication, a platen-carriage of conventional de
sign, such as the Underwood, may be used to
individual bill, that the vertical column-spaces
letter-feed, tabulate and line-space the record
of the record-sheet serve to classify like items of
many bills.
The record-sheet may include column-spaces
for certain items which are not required to be
entered on the bill, and which column~spaces are
sheet; and there may be mounted on said con~
therefore to be skipped in the said recollating op
erations.
The bill is automatically line-spaced as a result
"1]
special carriage upon which is carried the bill- _
sheet, each carriage having an individual feed
roIl-operating line-space mechanism for its work
sheet. In recollating the bill and record~sheet
a new position. The bill is line-spaced, so that the
q.
cial construction in order to work with another
of its shift crosswise of the record-sheet. It is de
sired, however, when a record-sheet column is
skipped, or when for any other reason the trans
verse spacing of the items typed on the record
sheet is not uniform, that there shall not appear
on the bill a corresponding skip-space in the ver
tically spaced items of said bill. In other words,
it is desired that the items in the single column
on the bill-sheet shall be line-spaced automati
cally but uniformly, irrespective of whether or
not the transverse spacing of said items on the
record-sheet is uniform.
L.
As aresult of one feature of the present in
vention the recollating of the sheets for each item
automatically follows from a simple tabulating
key operation, which may produce either corre
50 sponding spacings or dissentaneous spacings of
the items as they appear on the bill and record
sheets.
In the patent to Farnham, Smith and Phelps
1,071,612, of August 26, 1913, a typewriting ma
55 chine is provided with a letter-feeding carriage
ventional platen-carriage a. truck carrying the
bill~sheet and moving along with said carriage
for letter-feeding, said truck being guided on the
carriage to move the bill-sheet crosswise of the
record-sheet; and furthermore by means of a
cam or inclined guide-rail, which cooperates with
said truck, the bill-sheet is caused to be moved
endwise for line-spacing at the same time that it
is moved crosswise of the record-sheet.
35
For universal use with different forms of bill
and record sheets, the said inclined guide-rail is
made straight, and extends crosswise of the
platen-carriage. It results therefore that the
line-spacing movement of the bill-sheet effected
by means of said inclined guide-rail will be pro
portionate to the shift of the bill-sheet crosswise
of the record-sheet. If the bill-sheet, for recol
lation, is moved from one column of the record
sheet to an immediately adjacent column, the 45
bill-sheet will be automatically advanced one line
space, but if said adjacent column should be
skipped and the bill-sheet advanced to the next
column on the record-sheet, the bill-sheet would
be line-spaced two spaces, the resulting two line
spaces‘ between successive bill-sheet items pro
ducing an undesired skip-space on the bill-sheet.
The inclined guide-rail and the part which, to
effect bill-sheet line-spacing, is in engagement
therewith, are therefore newly arranged for the 55
2
purpose of the present invention so as to be ca
ploying a conventional tabulating key and stop
pable of relative line-space retrograding move—
ment, said movement being proportionate to the
difference between an extent of bill-truck move
mechanism, such as the Underwood, for the
record-sheet carriage, and in utilizing, by means
of suitable tappet-devices, the tabulating move
ment for shifting the bill-sheet one column or ment of the carriage ior actuating the bill-truck 5
stops and the stops which control the iine-spac—
unit transversely of the record-sheet and an ex
ing of the bill-sheet through the position of the
tent of bill-truck movement for shifting the bill
aforesaid inclined guide-rail. Thus, not only is
sheet beyond said column, as for record-sheet
_column-skipping. Thus the line-spacing advance 5 the organization simplified by the use of such
10 of the bill-sheet eiiected between the typing of
the items will be uniform irrespective of the spac
ing of said items on the record-sheet.
The inclined guide-rail may be the member
which is mounted for backward movement for
negativing any skip-space producing excess of
line-spacing of the bill-sheet, the bill-truck
being arranged to follow said inclined rail. The
guide-rail, suitably guided'on the record-sheet
carriage,'for its backward movement, is con
20 stantly urged backward by suitable means, such
as a spring, and its position is determined by
means of stops mounted preferably on the type
writer-carriage. Other stops, also mounted pref
erably on said carriage, determine the position of
the bill-sheet truck crosswise of the carriage, so
that the bill-sheet may be collated with different
columns of the record-sheet, said bill-truck being
constantly urged contrariwise of the column
tabulating movement of said carriage by a spring.
so Still other stops determine the positions of the
record-sheet carriage in accordance with the
several record-sheet columns.
Only one key-mechanism is brought into use
following the typing of an item in a space on‘
35 the bill-sheet and in a corresponding column of.
the record-sheet, to effect recollation of the
sheets for the next item. The collating organi
zation is so arranged that as an automatic result
of such use of the one key-mechanism, the
40 record-sheet carriage is released from the usual
letter-feeding escapement, and then arrested by
means of one of the aforesaid carriage-stops;
furthermore, as an automatic result of such
use of the one key-mechanism, the bill-truck
45 stops are actuated to cause the bill-truck to
move relatively to the record-sheet carriage and
in a direction contrary to the tabulating move
ment of said can'iage, so that, in e?ect,
the bill-sheet-item column is not shifted from
the typing zone.‘ Incidentally to such relative
60
shift of the bill-sheet truck and record-sheet car
riage, the bill-sheet truck is moved upwardly to
line-space the bill-sheet by reason of following
said inclined rail.
A novel feature of organization resides in that
65
will at the same time be positioned at the proper
denomination for immediately starting the typ
ing of the item.
'
Other features and advantages will hereinafter 20
appear.
\
g
In the accompanying drawings,
Figure 1 is a perspective view, showing the
novel organization for collating the bill and
record-sheet, the figure showing a record-sheet
carriage, the bill-sheet truck mounted on said
carriage, and the novel means whereby the bill
sheet truck is line-spaced, and positioned trans
versely of the record-sheet carriage.
Figure 2 is a general top plan view, showing
the relative disposition of parts of the sheet
collating organization.
Figure 3 is a diagram, illustrating the arrange
ment of the different kinds of stops to be used
when it is desired not to operate a tabulating
key repeatedly for column-skipping.
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional side elevation of
the carriage and bill-truck, taken on a plane
passing through the bill-truck to bring out de
tails of construction, and also illustrating how a
bill-sheet is gaged and positioned in the bill
truck.
Figure 5 is a perspective view similar to Figure
91, and illustrates the record-sheet carriage ad
vanced relatively to the bill-truck and the in
clined guide-rail in a backward position resulting
from skipping a column on the record-sheet.
Figure 6 is a cross-sectional side elevation of
the upper portion of the typewriter, the section
being generally taken on a plane passing to the
near side of the bill-truck.
Figures 7 and 8 are diagrams, indicating the
items on the bill-sheet‘ uniformly spaced in
a vertical column, while the items as they appear
on the record-sheet are not uniiormly spaced.
as a result of the use of said one key-mechanism,
Figure '1 shows the skipping of one column at a
the stops which control the position of the guide
time between certain items; and Figure 8 shows
rail are also caused to be automatically actuated
if, by such use of said one key-mechanism, a
column of the record-sheet has been skipped, or
if any otherwise-extended tabulation of the
record-sheet has been effected. By such actua
the skipping of more than one column. The dia
tion of the guide-rail stops, the inclined guide
rail drops back, so that, in effect, the bill-sheet
85 is advanced only one line-space. Summarizing
the foregoing, it may be stated that operation of
said one key-mechanism not only effects tabula
tion of the record-sheet to a new column-posi
tion and recollation therewith of the bill-sheet,
70 and also line-spacing of the bill-sheet; but also
automatically 'e?’ects negativing of any skip
space producing excess in line-spacing move
ment of the bill-sheet resulting from said re
collation.
75
conventional tabulating mechanism, but the
latter may be of denomination-selecting type to
further conduce to expediting the operation of
.recollating the bill and record-sheet, it being
understood that, in said recollation, the bill
sheet column will not only be collated with the 15
proper record-sheet column, but both columns
I
A further feature of invention resides in em
grams also indicate by graphs the negativing of
excess line-spacing of the bill-sheet when 001
umns on the record-sheet are skipped.
Figure 9 is a perspective view, showing‘ part of
the means whereby the bill-sheet truck is guided
for movement transversely of the record~sheet.
In the Underwood bookkeeping machine, Fig
ure 2, to which the invention is applied, a type
writer lli is mounted on a computing base It,
and has a letter-feeding carriage l‘l mounting
a platen ll against which the usual singly oper
able type-bars, represented at ll, strike. Said
platen I8 is Journaled in a‘ frame 2|, supported
for case-shift movement in a carriage-frame 2i,
guided by front and rear tracks 22, 23 for letter
feed travel effected by means of a carriage-motor 75
3
2,107,398
24 and escapement-devices 25 controlled by .type
keys 25.
stops 54, preferably arranged in a row paralleling
the .platen, the bill-sheet truck 52 operative to
The carriageLtracks 22, 23 are part of a ma
chine-frame 23, which also has attack 29 upon
move the bill 36 obliquely of the platen includes
a tongue 55 guided for movement paralleling said
row of stops; and therefore the connection be
tween said tongue 55 and a plate 52“ forming the
bill-carrying part of the truck 52 is formed as by
which runs a carrier 30 mounting a series of
totalizer-heads 3|. Said totalizer-carrier 30 is
connected to the typewriter-carriage I‘! by means
of arms 32 reaching forwardly from the latter.
Computing wheels of the totalizer-heads 3| are
means of a slot 56 in said plate 528 and a roll
or stud 5'! of the tongue, said roll being flanged,
driven in a well-known manner by means of a
as indicated in Figure 1, to engage opposite sides ‘
master wheel 34 of a digit-indexing mechanism
of a forwardly-turned portion 58 of the plate 523
in which said slot is formed. Such connection
permits the plate 52aL and tongue 55 each to move
in the direction indicated, that is, the tongue 55
moves parallel to the row of stops 54, while at the
same time the bill-carrying plate 5211 moves along
the inclined guide-rail 53.
The truck 52 has a pair of clamp-arms 59 for
33, indicated in Figure 6, and operated by means
of the type-keys 26.
A record-sheet 35 and bill-sheet 36 are intro
duced to the platen-carriage, preferably by rear
insertion and front insertion respectively. To this
end, the platen~frame 20 may include a rear apron
31 curving ‘under the platen, as seen in Figure
6, to form with the latter a rear insertion course
for the record-sheet 35. A second apron 38 of the
platen-frame 20 curves under the platen and first
clamping the bill-sheet to the upstanding plate
52a, and, in order that said clamp-arms 59 may be
apron 31 to form a front insertion course for the
moved between a bill-clamping position, Figures 1
and G, and a bill-releasing position, Figure 4, they
bill 35 and has a ?ared edge 39.
To facilitate front insertion of a bill~sheet past
said edge 39, there is used a cross-blade 4i nor
end in the plate-portion 58, and at the other end.
in a similar plate-portion 5|. At said other end,
mally in the position seen in Figure 6, but swing
able downwardly by means of pivoted arms 42
at the ends of the platen-frame 20, and on which
the blade is mounted. The blade is spring pressed,
as indicated, to follow a cam 43 mounted at the
end of the platen-frame 20, so that said blade,
when lowered, presents its lower edge to the ?ared
edge 39 of the apron 38 for guiding the front in
serted bill-sheet downwardly past said ?ared edge.
The aforesaid brie?y described parts relating
are fastened to a cross-rod 60, journaled at one
said cross-rod 60 has fastened thereto an arm 62
which coacts with a manually-operable lever 63,
to enable the latter to move the clamp-arms 59 to i
bill-clamping or bill-releasing position, said cross
rod arm 62 and lever 63 also coacting, to detent I
the clamp-arms in released position, as indicated
in Figure 5. For running along the inclined guide
rail 53, the plate 52a of the truck 52 has on its
rear face ?anged rollers 64 to engage opposite
edges of the rail 53 and keep said plate on said :
to the sheet-insertion courses are fully described
rail.
in the copending application of William F. Hel
mond, Serial No. 570,845, ?led October 24, 1931
(now Patent No. 1,994,647, dated March 19, 1935).
As seen in Figure 1, the platen-frame 20 has end
members which may be extended as by brackets
65 to support a cross-bar 6B, which, in turn, sup
Bottom feed-rolls 45 are journaled in ears 45 of
the apron 38 and bear on the record—sheet 35, but
only at the side margins thereof, in order to clear
the bill-sheet 36, which is to be shifted crosswise
ports the inclined guide-rail 53 and also co—oper~ .
In order that the bill as may be guided for col:
lating shift, crosswise of the record-sheet 35,
and be line-spaced incidentally to its crosswise
shift, its upper portion is clamped, after the de
be evident from Figure 9.
For attaching a draw-spring '13 for urging the
truck 52, which includes said structure ‘H and
its tongue 55, and the plate 52*, in rightward bill
collating direction, there is fastened to one end
‘
ates in guiding the tongue 55 of the truck 52.
For the latter purpose, the cross-bar 66 may be of
angle section, as indicated in Figures 1 and 6.
of the record-sheet. For facilitating front in
The inner corner of the cross~bar angle presents
sertion of the bill-sheet, the bottom feed-rolls 45 a pair of bosses 68 spaced lengthwise of the cross
and the curved part of the apron 38, the latter‘ bar, as indicated in detail in Figure 9. Said bosses
being springy, may be cast off by means of arms 68 may be attached to the cross-bar 66 by screws
48 operable by means of a cam-shaft 49, as set 69, and they may be drilled for a pair of guide
forth in said Helmond application. Springs 50 rcds 10 for a structure ‘II, in which the tongue 55
bear against said arms for pressing the bottom is embodied, said g'uide—rods guiding the tongue ,
feed-rolls 45 against the platen. vAs set forth in 55 lengthwise of and parallel to the row of
my aforesaid co~pending application, the depth stops 54. Said structure includes a block 12, to
of front insertion of the bill-sheet may be deter
which the rods 10 may be fastened, and from
mined by means of a gage 5|, Figure 6,-against which said rods extend in opposite directions in
which the lower edge of the bill-sheet is initially order that preferably the rods 10 slide in the ,
presented.
bosses 68, between which said block moves, as will
scribed front insertion of the bill, against an up
standing face of a truck 52 which runs upon a
cross-rail 53 inclined as shown and mounted upon
and above the platen-frame 20 in a novel manner
which will presently be described. The lateral
position of the ‘bill on said truck-face is deter
mined by means of a gage 41. By reason of the
inclination of the cross-rail 53, \ ‘aich extends
lengthwise of the platen, a shift of the bill-sheet
therealong, for collation with different columns
(50
of the pair of rods '10 a block ‘I4, to which one
end of the spring 'I3is attached, the other spring
end being anchored to the cross-bar 66, as shown
in Figure 9. The spring 13, disposed as shown for
compactness of the mechanism, passes through
clearance openings in the bosses 68. The tongue
55 is secured to the block 12, and may be formed
of the record-sheet, causes the truck 52 to move
as indicated in the drawings to reach under and
forwardly of the supporting cross~bar 66. A bar 70
01 rigidly connects the blocks 12 and 14' and c0
transversely of the platen printing-line to there
by automatically effect the line-spacing of the
‘1|.
bill 35.
-‘
For engaging a series of position-determining
operates with the rods '10 to stiffen the structure
.
It will be evident that with the guide-rail 53
stationary, the movement of the bill-carrying _
2,107,398
plate 523 of the bill-truck 52, in line-spacing
direction, will be proportionate to the shift of
the truck lengthwise of the platen-carriage.
shaft 80 is rocked counterclockwise of Figure 6,
to raise the stops 15 out of holding position, that
That is, if the truck is shifted from one column
arms 88 are interposed in the path of said tongue
:1 - of the record-sheet to an adjacent column, the
plate 52a will not be line-spaced as far as when
said adjacent column is skipped for collating the
bill-sheet with a column farther on along the
record-sheet. It results, therefore, if the guide
rail 53 is ?xed, that the line-spacing on the bill
sheet will not be uniform when columns of the
record~sheet are skipped, or when for any other
reason the bill-sheet is collated with the record
sheet columns not uniformly spaced crosswise of
the record-sheet.
»
For illustration, the record-sheet, as shown in
Figure 1 and in the diagrams at Figures 7 and 8,
is divided into seven columns, each column rep
resenting a different item, described by the legend
at the head of the column. The bill-sheet is
shown as having ?ve item-spaces arranged one
below another in a vertical column. Some of
the item-columns of the record-sheet, as, for ex
ample, the “City Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns,
is, out'of'thepath of the tongue 18, said check
19 to check the spring-urged shift of the guide
rail 53 after the tongue 18 has passed the stop
75 previously engaged. It will be seen that said
guide-rail 53, momentarily thus held by a check
arm 86, will be released from the latter when the
rock-shaft 88 is restored by rotation clockwise of 10
Figure 6. Upon such restoration of the rock
shaft 80, the stops 15 will also be restored, so
that the tongue 18 in the resulting movement of
the guide-rail 53 will engage the next stop 15.
The rock~shaft 88 is yieldably held in the normal
angular position seen in Figure 6- by a spring 81
which pulls upon an arm 88 fastened to said
rock-shaft 80, said normal position being de
termined as by a stop 89 of said arm 88 abutting
the bracket 82, Figure 6. Since the stops 15 are
normally in the path of the guide-rail tongue 18,
the latter is provided with a spring-pressed by
pass pawl 88, so as not to impede restoration of
the shifted guide-rail.
Said by-pass pawl may
of Figures 1 and 7, of the “Suburban Tax” and
“Rural Tax” columns, of Figure 8, are not repre
be arranged as indicated in Figures 1 and 2, to ‘
sented on the bill-sheet and are therefore skipped
against an edge 18“ of the tongue, whereby a
in the collating operations.
stop~arm 15, or 88 is enabled to hold the guide
rail 58 against the pull of the spring 85. When
returning the guide-rail 58 to its normal Figural
position, the pawl 80 swings idly about the pivot
8| while passing a stop-arm 15,
For engaging its row of stops 58, the tongue
55 of the bill-truck 52 is also provided with a
by-pass pawl 82, so that said steps 58 may not
impede return of the shifted truck. The truck
controlling rock-shaft 8| also has check-arms
84 interspaced with its stop-arms 54, and it will
_
Referring now to the novel arrangement
30 whereby uniform line-spacing of the items on the
bill-sheet is attained, irrespective of the crosswise
spacing of said items on 'the record-sheet, the in
clined guide-rail 53 is mounted so that it may be
shifted for causing retrogression of, or prevent~
ing, any skip-space-producing excess line-space
movement of the bill-sheet truck 52. In order
that the positions of the guide-rail 58 may be
controlled by an arrangement of stops 15 similar
and parallel to the stops 54, the shift of the in
40 clined rail 53 is made to take place in a direction
paralleling the platen, that is, the inclined guide
rail 53 is mounted on the platen-paralleling
cross-bar 68, so as to be shiftable lengthwise of
the latter. To this end, the guide-rail 58 is
45 formed as indicated in Figure 1 to include exten
sions ‘I6 bearing ?atwise against the front face
of the cross-bar 68, and having slots 11 which
swing about a pivot 8|, but to normally stop
be evident that the operation and relative ar
rangement of said rock-shaft 8|, its arms 58 and 40
98, and of the pawl 82, are similar to the opera
tion of the described similar parts for the guide
rall 58. The rock-shaft 8| is yieldably held in
normal position by a spring 88, said normal posi
tion being determined by abutment of an arm 85
45
of said shaft against a stop 85'.
Each stop-arm 54 and 15 has its tongue-engag
slidably ?t headed studs 18 projecting forwardly - ing stop-surface extended in the direction of
from said cross-bar face. For engaging the stops
15, the inclined guide-rail 53 has a forwardly—
reaching tongue 18.
The stops 15 for the inclined guide-rail 58 and
the stops 54 for the bill-truck 52 are in the form
of arms, the guide-rail stop-arms 15 being spaced
55 along and fastened to a rock-shaft 88, and the
truck stop-arms 54 being spaced along and fas
tened to a rock-shaft 8|.
Said rock-shafts are
relatively disposed as indicated in Figures 1 and
6, and are journaled in brackets 82 supportedby
60 a cross-member 83 which may span, and be, in
turn, supported by, the arms 82 which reach for
wardly from the carriage i‘! to drive the total
izer-carrier 80. Each rock-shaft 88 or 8| is oper
ative to move the corresponding stops 15 or 58 out
6.5 of and back into holding position for enabling the
truck 52, urged by its spring 18, or the guide
rail 58, urged by a spring 85, to shift from one
to another of the corresponding stops. The
guide~rail spring 85 may be anchored to the
70 cross-bar 88.
The rock-shaft 88 for the guide-rail stop-arms
15 has fastened thereto, and interspaced with
said stop-arms 15, other arms, namely, check
arms 88.
Said check~arms 88 are so disposed
75 relatively to the stop-arms 15 that, when said
platen case-shift movement, as indicated in Fig
ure 1, so that, when the platen is in upper-case
position, said stop-arms will still be effective to 50
hold the truck 52 and guide-rail 58.
It is provided that the recollation of the bill
and recordsheets between the typings of items
may be effected by the operation of only one
key-mechanism, and that said key-mechanism
may be the conventional tabulating key or keys
of the typewriter i5, and that, furthermore, to
expedite the recollating operations, a denomina
tional tabulating mechanism is used. Referring
to Figure 2, 88 represents the usual Underwood
denominational
tabulating keys, which are
mounted upon the usual tabulating-key levers
not shown, but which extend rearwardly to ele
vate the usual denominational stop-blades 81
into the path of column-stops 88, settable along
a rack 88 carried by the typewriter-carriage l'l.
At the operation of any tabulating key 88, the
carriage |‘| will be released from the escapement
devices 25 when a corresponding stop-blade 81
is elevated, whereupon the carriage |‘| will ad 70
-vance under the pull of the carriage-motor 18
until arrested by means of the elevated stop
blade 81 anda column-stop 88. The denomina
tional tabulating mechanism thus serves between
75
5
2,107,898
purpose, the carriage-movement resulting from
the typings of the items to advance the ap
propriate item-columns of the record-sheet 35 to said tabulating operations is utilized to actuate
. the guide-rail-controlling rock-shaft 80 which
the printing-point.
- In order that the same operation of the de
5 nominational tabulating keys 96 that brings a
new record-sheet column to the printing-zone
may effect the necessary recollation of the single
has accordingly fastened thereto a suitable num
ber of tappet-arms I06, one for each shift of the
guide-rail 53 required during the typing of a
bill-sheet 36 and a corresponding line on the
vertical column of the bill-sheet 36 with the new record-sheet 35. Said tappet-arms I06 may be
record-sheet column which has been advanced to arranged as indicated in Figures 1 and 6, so that
10 the printing-point, the tabulating movement of they may be operated by the same cam-roll IOI 10
that operates the tappet-arms I00 of the truck
the carriage I ‘I resulting from said tabulating
key operation is utilized to automatically actuate controlling rock-shaft 8|.
Assuming that, between the typings of suc
the bill-truck position-controlling‘rock-shaft 6|.
Said ‘rock-shaft 8| has accordingly fastened . cessive items, a column of the record-sheet has
l5 thereto a set of forwardly-extending tappet-arms been skipped, the tappet-arm I06, provided and 15
suitably located on the rock-shaft 80 for this
. I00 arranged so as to pass and be displaced by
a ?xed non-traveling cam, preferably a cam-roll
IOI. In order that said cam-roll I00 may be
effective in the advance of the carriage II in
tabulating direction, but be diverted by the
tappet-arms I00, so as not to actuate the latter
'in the return movement of the carriage, said
cam-roll IOI may be mounted upon a pawl I02.
Said cam-roll pawl I02 is pivoted at I03 upon
25 a bracket I04, fastened to the non-traveling
track 29 for the totalizen-carrier 30. A ‘stop I02“
of said pawl abutting said bracket I04 holds
the pawl I02 so that the cam-roll IOI may be
effective for rocking the shaft 8| by the advance
30 of the carriage in tabulating direction.
In the
return movement of the carriage, the pawl I02
will be idly diverted by thetappet-arms I00,
swinging about its pivot against the pull of a
pawl-spring I05 which serves to restore the
8.5 diverted pawl to the normal Figure 2 position.
It has been explained. that the line-spacing
movement of the bill-sheet 36 is- proportionate
to the rightward shift of the bill-truck 52, by
reason of the inclination of the guide-rail 53.
in If the bill-truck stops 54 are uniformlyv spaced,
as in accordance with uniformly-spaced record
' sheet columns, and, furthermore, if, at each
tabulation of the carriage II, the rock-shaft 8|
is actuated, by means of the cam-roll IOI to bring
45 successive ones of said truck-stops 54 into use,
‘then the items on the bill-sheet will be uni
will move rightwardly from one stop 15 to an
other stop ‘I5, it being understood that, follow
ing the escape of the guide-rail ensuing upon the 25
raising of said stops "I5, the guide-rail shift is
momentarily checked before its completion by
the raised check-arm 86 until the stops ‘I5 are
lowered again. By reason of such rightward
shift of the guide-rail 53 from one to a succeed
ing one of the stops ‘I5, during column-skipping,
the net result of the movement of the bill-carry
ing plate 52“ in line-spacing direction, relative
to said guide-rail 53, will be as though the bill
truck 52 was only shifted from one record-sheet 35
column to an immediately adjacent column, and
therefore no skip-space will appear in the line
spacing of. the bill-sheet items.
It will be understood that the truck-controlling
stops 54, the guide-rail-controlling stops ‘I5, and 40
the tabulating column-stops 98 may be arranged
in different ways in accordance with the arrange
ment of the record and bill sheets. For example,
Figures 1, 2 and 5 show an arrangement of stops
whereby, in order to make said arrangement 45
universal for any bill-sheet and record-sheet ar
rangement, there is provided a column-stop 90
each tabulating-key operation, an item is typed.
Should the record-sheet, however, have col
for each record-sheet column, and there is also
provided for each record-sheet column a stop
54, wherefore skipping of a record-sheet column 50
entails repeated operation of the tabulating keys
96. According to such universal arrangement
such number of guide-rail stops ‘I5 may be pro
the bill-sheet, as, for example, the “City Tax”
column of Figure 7, then, following the typing
‘of the “State Tax" item, a tabulating key 96
is operated to ?rst tabulate the carriage I ‘I to
vided as will effect one stage of guide-rail shift
advance the “City Tax” record-sheet ‘column to
the printing¢zone, and then the appropriate de
in the typing of a bill.
nominational key is operated to bring the “Subur
ban Tax” record-sheet column to the printing
zone.
It will be obvious that, if the inclined
Gil guide-rail 53 remains stationary during the de
scribed two operations of the tabulating keys 96
between the typings of the “City Tax” and the
“Suburban Tax”, the bill-sheet 36 will have been
advanced in line-spacing direction an extra-line
(55 ,space. That is, the spacing between the “State
Tax” and “Suburban Tax” items on the bill
sheet will be greater than the spacing between
the “Flat Water” (the first item typed) and
"state Tax” items.
70
to be raised and lowered again, and in conse
quence the guide-rail 53, urged by its spring 85,
formly line-spaced, assuming that, following
umns for an item which is not to be entered on
Li C1
contingency, will, during the tabulating advance
of the carriage occurring between the typings of
said two items, have been actuated by the cam
roll IOI, thereby causing the guide-rail stops 15 20
..
In order to effect uniform line-spacing of the
bill-sheet items when a record-sheet column is
skipped, the guide-rail 53 is caused to be shifted
by actuating its position-controlling rock-shaft
80 whenever a column on the record-sheet is
75 skipped in the tabulating operations.
For this
for each record-sheet column that is to be skipped 55
.
It will be understood, however, that the ar
rangement of the stops with respect to their
number and disposition, as shown in Figures 1,
2 and 5, may be modified. Thus, for example,
as indicated in Figure 3, and considering the
items of the bill-sheet and their disposition on
the record-sheet as seen in the diagram atyFig
ure 7, the column-stops 98 (those indicated by
the dotted lines) may be omitted for the ‘City 05
Tax” and “Rural Tax” columns. Corresponding
ones of the truck-shiftécontrolling stops 54 may
also be left out, the omitted stops 54 being indi
cated by the dotted lines in Figure 3. Still re
‘ferring to the diagram at Figure 7, it will be 70
noted that two stages of guide-rail shift are re
quired since, between the skipped “City Tax”
and “Rural Tax” columns, there is the “Suburban
Tax” column, in which, and in a corresponding
space on the bill-sheet, an' item is typed. Three 75
6
2,107,398
guide-rail stops 15, and two tappet-arms I06,
determining said two stages, are therefore indi
cated in the Figure 3 diagram. For clearness,
the check-arms 96 and 94 associated respectively
with the stops 15 and 54 are not shown in the
Figure 3 diagram.
Figure 8 exempli?es a form of bill and record
sheet wherein two record-sheet columns, namely,
“Suburban Tax” and “Rural Tax”, are skipped
in the tabulating operation occurring between
the typings of the “City Tax” and “Paving Tax”.
If, for the skipping of said two record-sheet col
umns, corresponding column-stops 96 and truck
stops 54 are omitted in an arrangement similar to
15 that illustrated in the diagram at Figure 3, there
will be only one stage of column-skipping, and
therefore there need be only one stage of shift
ing the guide-rail 53, and hence only two guide
rail stops ‘I5 and one tappet I06 for determining
20 said one stage of guide-rail shift will be needed.
The several stop-arms 54, 15, the check-arms
94, 86, and the tappet-arms I00, I06 may be re
leasably secured to the shafts 00, 9|, as by set
screws H9 and I20, Figure 6. It will be evident
that omission of the use of any one of these
arms may be effected by swinging the same to
ineffective position, so as to clear the tongues
55 and 19 of the bill-sheet truck and guide-rail,
respectively. From the foregoing, it will be evi
30 dent that the invention is not limited to the ar
rangements of the several stop-arms shown.
It may be noted, since the truck-stops 54 or 15
are, during the recollating operations, only me
mentarily out of effective position, the same be
ing restored as soon as a tappet-arm I00 or I06
passes the cam-roll IOI, that, in some cases, the
check-arms 86 and 94 may be omitted, as, for
example, where the spacing between successive
stops 54 or 15 is of such extent that said stops
40 will have ample time to return before the truck
52 or guide-rail 53 reaches the stop 54 or 15 fol
lowing the one from which it was released.
For returning the bill-truck 52 to its normal
position relative to the typewriter-carriage I‘!
45 after the typing of a bill, a handle or ?nger-piece
II‘! is provided, and may be attached, as indi
cated in Figure 9, to the bar 61 of the tongue
structure ‘ll of said truck 52. Said ?nger-piece
II 1 also serves to return the guide-rail 53 to its
50 normal position with the same stroke of the hand
that returns the truck 52, and for this purpose
the plate 528 of said truck may have a projec
tion II4, Figure 1, which engages an edge 53‘1 of
the guide-rail 53, and thereby moves the latter
55 along back to normal position when the truck 52
is fully returned.
The totalizer-heads 3I, one for each kind of
item, are used for footing the items of the indi
vidual record-sheet columns. Each item in the
60 last record-sheet column represents the total of
a bill, and said total is computed in a cross
totalizer I01 afforded by the computing base I6
and operated in conjunction with the operation
. of the totalizer-heads iii in the manner set forth
65 in the co-pending application of Thieme, Serial
No. 680,036, ?led July 12, 1933. Brie?y described,
therefore, as an item is typed and entered one
?gure at a time in the corresponding totalizer
head 3I, indexing-devices for the totalizer I 01
70 are set up in the computing base I6 by means of
the numeral-keys 26a and denomination~selecting
trains represented by jacks I09, Figure 6. Said
jacks are operable seriatim by computing-zone
tappets IIO, one for each item, on the carriage
I'I. As the carriage advances a letter-feeding
step after typing’the last ?gure of an item in a
computing zone, the column-stop 96 for said zone
may actuate a train III, diagrammatically indi
cated in Figure 6, to trip cycling mechanism not
shown but represented by said train I I I. By the
tripping of such cycling mechanism, the amount
indexed by the numeral-keys 26‘ is caused to
be run into the cross~totalizer I01. The last or
“Total Tax” item on the bill-sheet and on the
record-sheet is copied from the cross-totalizer II
I 01, and, preparatory to such copying, the mech
anism in the computing base is automatically set
for subtraction by means of a cam I I2 on the
last column-stop 90, said cam operating a train
H3 to set the computing base I6 for subtraction
in the manner set forth in Minton Patent No.
1,280,065, which also shows the denomination
selecting trains. By reason of said subtraction
setting, the cross-totalizer I01 will be cleared for
the next bill when the computing base I6 is cycled
following the copying of the “Total Tax” item.
The typewriter-carriage I‘! has the usual line
spacing mechanism II5 including a. carriage-re
turning and line-spacing handle H6.
The operation of the machine will be readily
understood from the foregoing description, and
may therefore be summarized as follows.
Referring to Figure '7, it is indicated by the
four transverse lines of items that four bills have
already been typed, and the like items have been
entered in the appropriate record-sheet col
umns, and that the typing of the ?rst item,
“Flat Water", for the ?fth bill is just about to
be completed. Following the typing of said first
item, the computing base I6 is cycled, as ex
plained, and the appropriate denominational tab
ulating key 96 is operated to advance the car
riage I‘! to bring the "State Tax” column of the
record~sheet, for which there is a column-stop
98, to the printing and computing zone. By such
tabulating movement of the carriage H the bill
truck 52 may be temporarily carried along to an
extent depending on the relative positions of the
first tappet-arm I00 and roller IN. The ?rst
tappet-arm I00 is so disposed on the rock-shaft
8| that the latter is caused to be rocked ?rst in
one direction ‘to raise the stop-arms 54 and
check-arms 94 as said tappet-arm passes under
the cam-roll IOI and then is rocked in the oppo
site direction under the pull of the shaft-spring
93 to restore said arms 54, 94 as said tappet-arm
I00 passes beyond said cam-roll IOI before said
tabulating movement is completed, thereby'caus
ing the bill-truck 52 to move rightward under
the pull of its spring 13 to the position determined
by the next truck-stop 54. By said rightward
movement of the bill-truck 52 relative to the car
riage I1, the single bill-sheet item-column is
recollated with the “State Tax” column of the
record-sheet, and incidentally the bill-sheet
carrying plate 52‘ is moved in line-spacing direc
tion, by reason of the inclination of the guide
rail 53 along which said plate 52' runs in said
rightward movement of the truck. The recollat
ing and line-space shift of the “State Tax" space 65
of the bill-sheet to the “State Tax” column thus
effected is indicated in Figure 7 by the graph III.
It will be understood that, during the typing
of each item, the bill-truck 52 moves in letter
feeding unison with the carriage IT, by reason
of the coupling effected by means of the truck
tongue 55 and whichever stop 54 said tongue
abuts.
_
The “State Tax" space in the single column of
the bill-sheet having been collated with the
I
g
‘
7
2,107,398
“State ‘Tax” column of’ the'record-sheet, the the third guide-railstop ‘I5, and the truck 52 will
“State Tax” item is now typed, the computing
of course have been advanced to the sixth truck-.
base I6 being again cycled for entering the
stop 54 of Figure 2 ‘by ‘the repeatedtabulating
key operation. The collation of the “Paving Tax”
bill-sheet spaced with the record-sheet “Paving
Tax" column is indicated by the graph I23 which
“State Tax” in the cross-totalizer I01. Since the
"City Tax" is not represented on the bill-sheet
36, the “Clty'Tax” column of the record-sheet
is to be skipped in the tabulating operation fol
lowing'the typing of the “State Tax”. ' For skip
ping the record-sheet “City Tax" column, any
'10 one of the tabulating keys 06 may be operated.
In the resulting tabulating movement of I the car
includes a break I24 to represent the shift of the
guide-rail attending the skipping of the “,Rural
Tax” column, it being understood that the graph
I23 includes the previous graphs “8, I22. Sim 10
ilarly the bottom graph I25 includes theiprevious
graphs and also the portion indicating the colla
ri'age H, the second tappet-arm I00 of Figure 2
will pass underneath, the cam-roll, IOI, thereby tion of the “Total Tax” bill-sheet space with the
causing the bill-truck 52 to move from the second , “Total Tax” record-sheet column.
bill-truck stop 54 of Figure 2 to"the third bill
, For the “Total Tax” collation, the appropriate
truck stop 54. The proper denominational key tabulating key 05 will be operated, thereby caus
00 is now operated to bring the “Suburban Tax" ing the last tappet-arm I00 to pass under the
column of the record-sheet to the printing-zone, roll MI and resulting in the truck 52 escaping
and, during the resulting tabulating movement of to the last column-stop 54. The “Total Tax” is
the carriage, the third tappet-arm I00 of Figure now copied on the sheets 35, 36 from the cross 20
2 will pass under the roll IOI, hereby causing a
shift of the bill-truck 02 to the fourth truck-stop
54 of Figure 2. The single bill-sheet column will
totalizer I 01 and incidentally entered into a cor
responding vertical totalizer-head 3i, it being
understood that each record-sheet column in
which an item is typedis represented by a total
thus have been collated vwith the “Suburban
izer-head 3|. Following the typing of the “Total
Tax" column of the record-sheet.
Tax" item, the computing base is subtractively
Incidentally to the described repeated opera
cycled as already explained, thereby causing the
tions of the tabulating keys 96 resulting in shift
ing said single bill-sheet column,. ?rst ,to the cross-totalizer I01 to be cleared, A proof-key
“City Tax” column of the record-sheet, and then I26 may be operated to print a clear sign verifying
30 to the “Suburban Tax” column of the record
the correct transcription of the total shown by 30
'
sheet, the guide-rail 53 will have been shifted, the cross-totalizer I01.
, In the diagram at Figure 7, the lines I2'I repre
and, to this end,‘ a guide-rail-shift-contro1ling
tappet-arm I06 is disposed so as to pass under
sent the addition of the items of a bill by?he
and be rocked by the cam-roll IOI, either during
the shift from the “State Tax” to the “City Tax"
column, or during the shift from the “City Tax”
column to the “Suburban Tax” column. As in
dicated in ‘Figure 2, the tappet-arm I06 is dis
posed adjacent to the second tappet-arm I00
40 which controls the truck—shift, so that the guide
rail shift takes place during the shift of the
truck from the "State Tax” to the “City Tax”
‘column. By the shifting of the guide-rail 53
rightward relative to the carriage H, the skip
cross-totalizer I01, the .last line I21“ representing
cross-totalizer I01.
.
_
The typewriter-carriage I1 is now returned,
and incidentally to such return, by means of the
line-space handle H6, the record-sheet 35 will be
line-spaced for a. new bill 30.
The typed bill is
removed from the‘ bill-truck 02, and, before the
new bill is inserted, the bill-truck resting against
the last stop 54 is returned to its normal position
relative to the carriage H by means of the handle
space producing excess of line-space movement
III, in order to bring the bill-receiving plate 52a
incident to the skipping of the “City Tax” col
umn is negatived, as is indicated by the break
I2I in the graph I22 of Figure 'I, said graph in
dicating the collation of the “Suburban Tax”
in proper relation to the bill-gage 5|. Inciden
tally to such return of the bill-truck, the guiderai1'53 will also be returned to its normal posi
' space on the bill-sheet with the “Suburban Tax”
From‘ the foregoing, it will be evident that the
operation of the machine for producing a bill and
record-sheet having the forms represented in the
column on the record-sheet. The graph I22 also
includes, as will be readily noted,a portion cor
responding to the previous graph I I8. In the de
scribed shift of the guide-rail 53 attending the
skipping of the “City Tax” column of the record
sheet, said guide-rail will move from the ?rst
stop ‘I5 to the second step ‘I5 of Figure 2, it being
obvious that the operation of the guide-rail rock
shaft 80 and its arms ‘I5, 85, by means of the
Iii
the subtraction of the “Total Tax” item from said ‘
tappet-arm I06, will be similar to the described
operation of the rock-shaft BI.
The “Suburban Tax” is now typed, and, fol
lowing this, there is a repeated operation of the
tabulating keys 96 to bring the “Paving Tax”
space of the bill-sheet to the “Paving Tax” col
umn of the record-sheet, the repetition of said
tabulating-key operation being necessary to‘skip
the “Rural Tax” column (for which there is no
space on the bill-sheet). During said repeated
tabulation, the guide-rail 53 .is again shifted by
means of the second tappet-arm I00, Figure 2,
to negative the skip-space producing excess of
tion, determined by'the ?rst stop ‘I5.
diagram at Figure 8, will be effected similarly to.
the operation just described with reference to the
sheet-forms ‘of Figure 7, it being noted, however,
that the guide-rail-controlling tappet-arms I06
will be positioned on the rock-shaft 80 in such
wise as to cause the guide-rail 53 to be shifted
When the “Suburban Tax" and the “Rural Tax”
record-sheet columns, Figure 8, are skipped. The
graphs I28 in Figure 8 represent the bill-sheet
collating movements of the truck-plate 528, it be
ing noted that the two lower graphs I28 include
portions I28“ representing each a line-space-mod
ifying shift of the guide-rail 53, the shift of the
bill-sheet from the “City Tax” record-sheet col
umn to the “Paving Tax” column being effected
in two stages by repeated operation of the tabu
lating keys 9B.
As already explained, Figure 3 represents an ar 70
rangement of stop-arms designed to avoid repe
tition of operating the tabulating keys 96 when a
line-space movement oithe bill-sheet resulting ' column is to be skipped, and it willbe under
from skipping the “Rural Tax” column. The
guide-rail, by such shift, comes in contact with
:3 El
stood that operation of the machine with refer
ence to a stop-arrangement such as shown in
£107,898
Figure 3 is, aside from avoiding repetition oi’ tab
ulating-key operation, similar to the operation of
the machine described with reference to Figure '1.
The by-pass pawls 80 and 92 may each be pro
vided with an anti-friction roller I" for contact
ing the stops ‘l5 and 54 to ease the operation of
sheet, a single set of denominational tabulating
keys, and means, whereby, at the operation of
said tabulating key following the printing of an
item on the billssheet and in a column on the rec
ord-sheet, said record-sheet carriage is tabulated 5
to bring a corresponding denomination of a suc
the shafts 80, 8| by means of the movement of
ceeding record-sheet column to the printing
the typewriter~carriage i ‘I.
For preventing springing of the left end of the
10 tongue-structure ‘ll of the truck 52 when the op
zone, and whereby, as a result of said tabulating
key operation, said coupling means are automati
cally actuated to reposition the truck relative to 10
erator's hand is applied to the handle Ill for re- > the record-sheet carriage, to bring the same de
turning the truck, said handle may carry a roller nomination in the bill-sheet column to said print
ill which bears on the top of the cross-bar 86 ing zone and to change the vertically-spaced rela
and also bears against an edge of a strip or ridge tion of the truck and carriage to effect line-spac
I32 of the cross-bar 66, see Figures 1 and 4.‘
ing of the bill-sheet.
Variations may be resorted to within the scope
of the invention, and portions of the improve
ments may be used without others.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In a machine, having types, for typewriting
manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the
combination of a carriage for the record-sheet,
a truck for the bill-sheet, said carriage and truck
mounted for letter-feeding movement in unison,
folding relation to the record—sheet, the items. be
and also for movement relative to one another
and to the types, so that items typed, one under
another, in a single column of the bill-sheet‘are
at the same time manifolded alongside one an
ing the truck and determining, by means of one or
other in different columns on the record-sheet, a
single set of denominational tabulating keys, and
means whereby, at the operation of any tabulat
ing key, following the printing of an item on' the
another thereof, the position of the truck relative
to said carriage, said truck and carriage being
coupled by means of said stops to advance in uni
son for letter-feeding, and tappet-means where 30
by the carriage, by its movement to tabulate suc
cessive columns of the record~sheet to the print—
bill-sheet and in a column of the record-sheet,
ing-zone, automatically causes said truck to be re- '
positioned, at each column, relatively to said car
riage by means of said stops, whereby, as each col
umn of the record-sheet is tabulated to the print
ing-zone, the single column of the second work
a corresponding denomination of a succeeding
whereby, as a result of said tabulating-key opera—
tion, the bill-truck is automatically positioned
relatively to the record-sheet carriage to bring
40 the same denomination in the bill-sheet column
to said printing-point.
2. In a machine, having types, for typewriting
sheet is automatically collated with said each
record-sheet column.
'5. A machine, having types, for typewritlng 40
manifolding a. bill-sheet and a record-sheet, in
cluding a carriage for presenting the record-sheet
manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the
to the types, a truck for presenting the bill-sheet
combination of a letter-feeding carriage for the
in manifolding relation to the record-sheet and
types, said bill-sheet truck being shiftable length 45
record-sheet, a truck for the bill-sheet, means for
effecting coupling of the truck to said carriage in
different positions relative to the latter, so that
items typed one below the other in a single col
umn of the bill-sheet are at the same time mani-_
50 folded alongside one another in different ‘columns
on the record-sheet, a single set of denomina
tional tabulating keys, and means whereby, at the
operation of any tabulating key, following the
printing of an item on the bill-sheet and in a col
umn of the record-sheet, said record-sheet car
riage is tabulated to bring a corresponding de
wise of the carriage to collate a single column of
the bill-sheet in which items are entered one be
low the another with a multiplicity of item-clas
sifying columns spaced transversely of the record
sheet, and means whereby the movements of the
truck for shifting same lengthwise of the carriage
to collate the single bill-column with different
record-sheet columns automatically eifects line
spacing of the bill-sheet, said line-space-eil'ecting
means being arranged so that the items on the 55
bill-sheet are uniformly line-spaced irrespective
nomination of a succeeding record-sheet column of uniformity or non-uniformity of the spacing of,
to the printing-point, and whereby, as a result of . the record-sheet columns in which said items are
said tabulating-key operation, said coupling entered.
‘
means are ’ automatically actuated to reposition
6. A machine, having types, for typewriting
the truck relative to the record-sheet carriage, to manifolding a bill-sheet and ‘a record-sheet, in
bring the same denomination in the bill~sheet col
umn to said printing-point, means being provided
to automatically effect line-spacing of the bill
65
ing typed on said second sheet one below the other
in a single column, a series of stops for restrain
said record-sheet carriage is tabulated to bring
record-sheet column to the printing-point, and
60
4. In a typing machine, the combination of a
tabulating carriage for a record-sheet upon which
diiferent items" are typed in corresponding vertical
columns, a truck constantly urged to move
lengthwise oi’ said carriage in a direction oppo 20
site to the tabulating movement of the latter, and
arranged to present a second work-sheet in mani
sheet;
-
-
.
3. In a machine, having types, for typewriting
manifolding a bill-sheet with a record-sheet, the
combination of a letter-feeding carriage for the
record-sheet, a truck for the bill-sheet, means for
effecting coupling of the truck to said carriage in
different laterally and vertically spaced relations
to the carriage so that items will be typed one be
low the other in a single column of the bill-sheet,
and will at the same time be manifolded alongside
75 one another in different columns on the record
cluding a carriage for presenting the record
sheet to the types, a truck for presenting the bill
sheet in manifolding relation to the record-sheet
and types, said bill-sheet truck being shiftable 65
lengthwise of the carriage to different stop-posi
tions to collate a single column of the bill-sheet
in which items are typed one below the other with
a multiplicity of different item-classifying col
umns of the record-sheet, and means whereby, at 70
each shift of the bill-truck from one stop-posi
tion to another, the bill is line-spaced, the bill
truck being repeatedly shiftable to skip a record
sheet ‘column, said line-space means being ar
ranged so that, when a column is skipped, the
75
2,107,898
line-spacing of the bill-sheet incident to such
skipped column is automatically, negatived,
whereby the line-spacing of the bill-sheet items
is uniform irrespective of the transverse spacing
of the columns of the record-sheet in which said
items are entered.
,
7. In a typing machine, the combination with
the types, of a tabulating carriage arranged to
present to the types a record-sheet having a mul
tiplicity of item-classifying columns spaced dif
ferent distances apart crosswise of the record
sheet, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet, having
a single item-column in which items are typed
one below the other, in manifolding relation to
said record-sheet, said truck being movable
lengthwise of the carriage for locating the bill
truck at different positions, corresponding to the
unequally-spaced record-sheet columns, length
wise of the carriage, and means whereby the
20 movements of the truck in its shifts to successive
unequally-spaced positions automatically causes
the bill to be uniformly line-spaced.
8. In a typing machine, the combination with
the types, of a tabulating carriage arranged to
- present to the types avrecord-sheet having a mul
tiplicity of item-classifying columns spaced dif
ferent distances apart crosswise of the record
sheet, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet, having
a single item-column in which items are typed
30 one below the other, in manifolding relation to
said record-sheet, said truck 'being movable
lengthwise'of the carriage for locating the bill
truck at different positions, corresponding to the
unequally-spaced record-sheet columns, length
35 wise of the carriage, a camming device auto
matically effective, in the shifts of the truck to
successive positions relative to the carriage, to
cam the truck in line-spacing direction, said cam
ming device arranged to cam the truck in uni
40 form ratio to its shift lengthwise of the carriage,
in order to provide’for line-spacing the truck
uniformly‘, as for equally-spaced record-sheet
columns, and means whereby, in tabulating the
carriage with reference to two successive record
45 sheet columns whose spacing varies from the
equally-spaced columns, said camming device is
automatically shifted to maintain said uniform
ity of the line-spacing.
_ 9. In a typing machine having types, the com
50 bination of a paper-carriage for presenting a
work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting
a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to
the first work-sheet, means including an inclined
9
sheet on said truck with successive item-columns
of the first work-sheet, the inclination of said
guide-rail being effective to line-space the truclg
incidentally to each, of said shifts‘, said shifts
being of unequal extents corresponding to un
equal spacing of the columns of the ?rst workr
sheet, and means operative for displacing said
guide-rail in accordance with the inequality in
the collating shifts of said truck, thereby to ef
fect uniform line-spacing of the work-sheet on 10
said truck.
11. In ,a typing machine having types, the ~
combination of .a paper-carriage for presenting
a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting
a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to 15
the ?rst workisheet, means for guiding said truck
for movement relative to said carriage, whereby
an item-column of the work-sheet on said truck
may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car
riage, ‘be collated with different item-columns 20
spaced crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and
may also be line-spaced. incidentally to said
shifts, and means including stops for effecting
displacement, gaged by said stops,- of said truck
guiding means, whereby unequal shifts of the
truck for collating its work-sheet with unequal
ly-spaced columns of the ?rst work-sheet will
nevertheless effect equal displacements of the
truck in line-spacing direction.
12. In a typingimachine having types,‘the
combination of a paper-carriage for‘ presenting
a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting - h
a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to
the ?rst work-sheet, means for guiding said truck
for movement relative to said carriage, whereby 35
an item-column of the work-sheet on said truck
may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car
riage, be collated with different item-columns
spaced crosswise of the/?rst work-sheet, and
may also be line-spaced incidentally to said 40
shifts, andomeans including stops for effecting
displacement, gaged by said stops, of said truck-,
guiding means, whereby unequal shifts of the
truck for collating its work-sheet with unequally
spaced columns of the first work-sheet will 45
nevertheless effect equal displacements of » the
truck in line-spacing direction, said last-men
tioned means being arranged so as to be auto
matically operated at predetermined points in
the travel ‘of said carriage.
13. In a typing machine having types, the 50
combination of a paper-carriage for presenting a
work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting
guide-rail operative for guiding said truck forv a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to
movement relative to said carriage whereby an
item-column of the work-sheet on said truck
may, by shifts of the truck relative to said car
riage, be collated at different item-columns
the ?rst work-sheet, a member mounted on said
carriage and co-operative with a part on said
truck for guidingysaid truck for oblique move
ment relative to said carriage, whereby an item
spaced crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by
60 may also be line-spaced incidentally to said shifts of the truck relative to said carriage, 60
shifts, and means for effecting a displacement ‘be collated at different item-columns spaced
in said truck-guiding means with reference to crosswise of the ?rst work-sheet, and may also
said inclined guide-rail, whereby unequal shifts be line-spaced incidentally to said shifts, means
of the truck for collating its work-sheet with un
constantly urging displacement of said guide
equally-spaced columns of the ?rst work-sheet member relative to said carriage, and stop-means
will nevertheless effect equal displacements of the normally restraining said member and operable
truck in line-spacing directions.
_
to effect and gage said displacement, whereby un
10. In a typing machine having types, the equal shifts of the truck for collating its work- “
combination of a paper-carriage for presenting sheet with unequally-spaced columns of the ?rst
a work-sheet to the types, a truck for presenting work-sheet will nevertheless effect equal move
a second work-sheet in manifolding relation to ments of the truck in line-spacing direction.
the ?rst work-sheet, a. guide-rail inclined rela
14. In a typing machine having types, the
tively, to the printing-line of the ?rst work-sheet, combination of a paper-carriage for presenting. a
and along which said truck runs in shifts ef
work-sheet to the ‘types, a truck for presenting
fected for collating an item-column of'the work
a second work-sheet in manifolding'relation to
75
l. O
aromas v
the ?rst work-sheet, a member mounted on said
carriage and co-operative with apart on said
truck for guiding said truck for oblique move
ment relative to said carriage, whereby an item
column of the work-sheet on said truck may, by
shifts of the truck relative to said carriage, be
collated at different item-columns spaced cross
wise of the ?rst work-sheet, and may also be
10
line-spaced incidentally to said shifts, means
constantly urging displacement of said guide
member relative to said carriage, stop-means
normally restraining said member and operable
to effect and gage said displacement, and a tap
pet-device whereby the carriage at a predetermined point in its travel operates said stop-means
to effect a displacement of said guide-member,
types, of a truck for presenting a bill-sheet in
manifolding relation to the record-sheet, a mem
ber engaging a part of said truck for guiding said
truck for shifts relative to the platen in a direc
tion oblique to the printing-line, said shifts effec
‘dassifying columns of the record-sheet, said
oblique direction of the truck-shifts being effec
tive to also line-space the bill-sheet proportion
ately to the movement of the truck from column
to column of the record-sheet, key-operated tab
ulating mechanism operable, preparatory to the
of the first work-sheet will nevertheless effect
typing of an item in the bill-sheet column and in
the corresponding record-sheet column, to effect
the tabulation of said record-sheet column with
the types, and to correspondingly effect a shift
of the truck to collate the bill-sheet with said
15. In a typewriting machine, the combina
tion of a carriage for presenting to the types a
record-sheet having a’ plurality of item-classify
25 ing columns, a truck for presenting a bill-sheet
in manifolding relation to the record-sheet, said
truck shiftable relatively to the carriage for col
lating a bill-sheet column, in which di?’erent
items are typed one below another, with corre
30 sponding record-sheet columns, means tending to
line-space the bill-sheet in proportion to the
shift of the truck lengthwise of the carriage,
whereby, for entries of items in uniformly-spaced
record-sheet columns, the corresponding items on
35 ‘the bill-sheet are uniformly line-spaced, and
means operable to act on said line-spacing means
to modify the line-spacing when, between the
typings of successive items, the truck is shifted
lengthwise of the carriage for entry of said suc
40 cessive items in record-sheet columns that are
di?erently spaced, whereby the items are uni
formly line-spaced on the bill-sheet irrespective
of the spacing of corresponding record-sheet col
umns.
'
16. A machine constructed according to claim
15, and including a tabulating mechanism for
said carriage, whereby, following the typing of an
item in one record-sheet column, the carriage
is tabulated to bring a new record-sheet column
to the types, and means automatically brought
into use at the operation of said tabulating mech
anism to cause the bill-sheet truck to be corre
spondingly shifted, and also to cause said line
space-modifying means to be operated to act on
said line-spacing means if the carriage and truck
shifts resulting from said tabulating-mechanism
operation are made with reference to said dif
ferently-spaced record-sheet columns.
'17. In a typing machine, the combination with
10
tive to collate a bill-sheet column in which items
are typed one below another with different item
whereby unequal shifts of the truck for collat
ing its work-sheet with unequally-spaced columns
20 equal movements of the truck in line-spacing
direction.
45
of the items_of the‘ bill-sheet is rendered com
paratively dissentaneous with the spacing of the
record-sheet columns.
18. In a typing machine, the combination with
a platen for presenting a record-sheet to the
record-sheet column, and ‘means operable inci
dentally to any tabulating operation to effect a
bodily relocation of said guiding member rela
tive to said platen, whereby the line-spacing of
the items on the bill-sheet is rendered compara
tively dissentaneous. with the spacing of th
record-sheet columns.
'
a 19. A machine constructed according to claim
18, including means whereby said guide-member
relocating means are automatically operated at
the tabulating operation executed preparatory
to typing a certain one of the items.
20. The combination of a carriage for a mul
tiple-column record-sheet, a bill-sheet carrier
repeatedly shiftable laterally of said carriage to
collate a single column of the bill-sheet with
successive record-sheet columns, a cam-connec
tion, between said carriage and carrier, normally
effective to line-space the bill-sheet in propor
tion to each lateral shift of said carrier rela
tively' to said record-sheet, whereby even lateral
shifts of the bill-carrier result in even line-spac
ing of the bill-sheet, means operable to substan
tially disable said cam-connection for a portion of
an extended shift, such as a column-skipping
shift, of the bill-carrier, to preserve the even
line-spacing, and means settable to predeterrnine
automatic operation of said disabling means at
and only for an eirtended shift of the bill-car
rier.
21. The combination of ‘a record-sheet car
riage, a’ bill-sheet carrier repeatedly shiftable
laterally relatively to said carriage for collating
a single column of a bill-sheet successively with
ya multiplicity of columns of the record-sheet, and
means operating automatically at successive lat
eral shifts of the bill-carrier relatively to the
60 a. platen for presenting a record-sheet to the
types, of a truck, for presenting a bill-sheet in ‘ carriage to uniformly line-space the bill, said
manifolding relation to the record-sheet, a mem
ber engaging a. part of said truck for guiding
said truck for shifts relative to the platen in a
line-spacing means being arranged to automati
cally maintain the uniform line-spacing for col
direction oblique vto the printing-line, said shifts
relatively to adjacent record-sheet columns.
effective to collate a bill-sheet column in which
items are typed one below another with different
item-classifying columns of the record-sheet,
said oblique direction of the truck-shifts being
70 eifectiveto also line-space the bill-sheet propor
tionately to the movement of the truck from
column to column of the record-sheet, and means
operable incidentally to any shift of the truck to'
effect‘ a bodily relocation of said guiding member
-75 relative to said platen, whereby the line-spacing
umn-skipping shifts as 'well as for shifts e?ected
22. The combination of a record-sheet car
riage, a bill-sheet carrier repeatedly shiftable
laterally relatively to said carriage for collating
a ‘single column of a bill-sheet successively with
a multiplicity of columns of the record-sheet, 70
said bill-carrier being also shiftable for line
spacing, a device on the carriage, extending in
the direction of bill-carrier shifts, and means on
the bill-carrier interacting with said device so
that the lateral collating shifts of the bill-car 75
11
2,107,898
rier relatively to the carriage produce line-spac
for a multiple-column record-sheet, a bill-sheet
ing shifts of said bill-Jcarrier, and means for dis
placing said device, relatively to the means in
can'ier repeatedly shiftable laterally relatively
to the carriage, at the tabulating advances of the
latter for successive record-sheet columns, to col
late the bill-sheet with said columns, an inclined 5
track on the carriage effective, at each lateral
teracting therewith, for limiting the line-space
UK shift at an extended lateral shift of the carrier,
as for column-skipping, whereby ‘uniform line
spacing results irrespective of whether or not
the several bill-carrier lateral shifts include a
column-skipping shift, said device and the there
10 with interacting means remaining e?ective, after
their relative displacement, for continuing the'
uniform line-spacing.
-
23. The invention as set forth in claim 22
inclusive of means operative to concomitantly
15 return the bill-carrier to an initial position rela
tively to the carriage, and relatively restore said
device and the therewith interacting means if
displaced as aforesaid.
24. The combination of a tabulating carriage
shift of the bill-carrier relatively to the carriage,
to shift said bill-carrier in‘ line-spacing direction,
means operable for displacing said track rela
tively to the carriage, whereby, if a carriage ad 10
vance is for column-skipping, the line-spacing
for said column-skipping advance is negatived,
thereby to provide for uniform line-spacing of
the bill-sheet, and means cooperative with the
carriage at a column-skipping advance of said
carriage to automatically operate said track-dis
placing means.
'
JESSE A. B. SMITH.
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