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Патент USA US2107443

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Féb. s, 1938.
‘ 2,107,443
Filed April 21, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet, l
Feb. 8, 1938.
2,1 07,443
Filed April 21, 1956
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Feb. 8, 1938.
Filed April 21, ‘1936
s Sheets-Sheet 3
' BY/JSQQ/évw
Patented Feb. 8, 1938
/ '
Ramon‘ Castro Jiménez, Boston, Mass.
Application April 21, 1936, Serial No. 75,618
3 Claims. (Cl. 240-415)
This invention relates to new and useful im
provements in automobile headlights, and it has
for its object to provide a device, whereby an
automobile may safely travel over any road,
whether even or steep, such as in hilly country,
as my device, when manipulated, will readily ad
just the headlights to the position desirable in
view of the sloping of the road traveled.
Incidentally, no dimming of the headlights is.
l necessary with the use of my device.
As the construction of my device is compara
tively simple, the cost of manufacturing the
same should be proportionately low.
With the above and other objects in view, this
5 invention consists of the novel features of con
struction, combination, and arrangement of parts, '
hereinafter fully described, claimed and illus
trated in the accompanying drawings forming
part of this speci?cation, and in which similar
0 characters of reference indicate corresponding
parts in all views, and in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevational view of my device.
Figure 2 is a similar view, showing the lens
and re?ector in tilted position.
Figure 3 is a front elevational view of the re
?ector, with the lens removed, and showing re
tained the upper rim portion of the re?ector,
and, upon the lower part of the latter, a catch
for holding the lens in place.
Figure 4 is an elevational view illustrating the
back of the re?ector proper.
Figure 5 shows theinside of the re?ector shell,
or casing, with the lower portion of the rim at
tached thereto; the re?ector itself having been
1:! removed.
Figure 6 shows a cylinder for gas pressure, or
suction from the motor, according to the man
ner desired.
Figure 7 is a transverse sectional view taken
‘m on the line 1-1 in Figure 6.
Figure 8 is a transverse sectional view of a
vent-valve, showing in and forming part of the
cylinder illustrated in Figure 6.
Figure 9 shows a connecting joint for attach
‘15 ment to the dash-board of an automobile, illus
trating therein the operating valve.
Figure 10 shows the valve proper, as illustrated
in Figure 9, detached.
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
so H indicates a headlight; the latter comprising a
casing, or shell I2 formed with a hinged door l3
upon the rear thereof; said door has an aperture
l4 therein for the escape of the fumes from the
gas pressure.
Upon the front thereof said headlight has ar
ranged the usual lens, l5, which is mounted on .
the reflector it, as shown especially'in Figure 2.
Thus the said lens is secured to the re?ector It
by means of the rim section H, which latter is
normally solidly attached to said re?ector by 5
means of screws, and is removable whenever it is
desired to clean the reflector inside or change
the bulb. The said rim section IT is formed with
a groove l8, H5 at each end thereof, as may be
seen especially in Figure 3, said grooves. are made 10
to receive therein in a sliding manner studs l9, is,
shown in Figure?, and formed upon the lower
rim portion 20, whereby the re?ector and lens
may swing or move forward, as shown in Figure
2, with the grooves l8, l8 and studs l9, l9 fo-rm- 15
ing the pivotal support and guide for said move
ment of the re?ector and lens.
In order properly to control the movement of
the re?ector and lens, spring actuated hooks. 2|,
2| regulate the movement-of said re?ector and 20
lens in a vertical position, whereas a spring actu
ated hook 22 regulates the movement of said
re?ector and lens in a horizontal position, said
hooks pulling the latter back to normal position,
when the slanting movement imparted to said 25
reflector by means of a pump action, ceases. .The
said hooks are arranged between the shell and the
rim portion of the re?ector. The lens I5 is se
cured to the re?ector by means of the rim sec
tion l1 and a catch 23.
Upon the back of the re?ector is arranged a
bracket 24, as shown in Figure 4, the purpose
of which is to cooperate with a pump, or cylin
der, as will be hereinafter described, in order to
move the re?ector into a slanting position.
The bulb in the re?ector has the usual electric
connection, casually indicated at 25.
In order to prevent breakage of the lens and
the?laments of the bulb in the reflector during
the manipulation of the latter, and also to pre- 40
vent water from entering into the shell, rubber ~
gaskets have been mounted, one 26 between the
shell and the rim ll of the re?ector, and the
other 21 between the rim 20 and the lens.
Upon the back surface of the shell and under- 45
heath the latter is arranged an attachment 28,
as may be seen in the Figures 1, 2 and 5. Said
attachment comprises a cylinder 29, and piston
30 mounted in the latter; said piston may be ac
tuated by compression or suction, and has a stem 50
3| mounted thereon and projecting through the
top of thecylinder.
A spring 32 is mounted upon the stem 3| in
order to force the piston down, when the com
pression or suction ceases to act upon the latter; 55
the cylinder has its top! closed by means of a cap
53 screwed on to the latter.
' When the piston is ascending, the stem 3| will
act upon the bracket 24 secured to the rear sur
of the invention, and I do not therefore wish to
limit'myself to the construction and arrangement
shown and described herein. 7
WhatI claim as new, and desire to secure by
face of the reflector, and cause the latter to tilt. Letters Patent of the United States, is:—
In the cylinder 29 is mounted a vent-valve ‘33,
1. An automobile headlight comprising a cas
shown especially in Figure 8; said vent-valve com ’ ing,_a re?ector, a lens mounted in the latter, a
prises a cylinder 34, and a piston 35'with avstem semi-annular rim portion, a catch securing said
' 36 mounted upon the latter. When the piston , lens to the reflector, said semi-annular rim be
36 due to compression or suction moves upward,
ing formed with grooves in each end thereof, a
' said piston 3i} will, when it approaches the top
counterpart to said semi-annularrim being in
of the cylinder 29, engage the stem 36, which tegrally secured to the casing, said counterpart
projects downwardly through the cylinder 34, 1 being at its upper‘ends provided with'pivots there
and by pushing said stem 36 and piston upward, in'adapted to engage the grooves in the ?rst said
15, relieve the air pressure or suction, when said pis
semi-annular rim portion, a bracket secured to
ton passes the vents 37, shown inFigureG.
the lower rear surface of the re?ector, aibolt
The ventevalve 33 has a spring 38 mounted acting upon said bracket for tilting the re?ector,
therein for the purpose of graduating thepounds and spring actuated hooks connected, between;
of pressure or suction'to be exerted relative to the casing and the re?ector, and adapted. to’
'20" the piston. By mounting springs of different move the re?ector'to its normal position, when Mi
tensions in the cylinder, the pressure-pounds may . it is not urged into a tilting position.
thus be varied or graduated.
The spring 33 is adjusted by means oi.‘ a screw
bolt 39 acting upon the nut 49.
a lens arranged in said re?ector, a semi-annular
In case it is desired to use the suction, a pipe
42 is disconnected from the compression inlet 43
and connected’ to the suction inlet 4!; in this lat
ter event; the pipe "54 has to be disconnected from
the compression of the motor, and connected to
the suction of the latter.
_, .
2. ‘An automobile headlight oomprisinga casf
ing, a re?ector pivotally mounted in the latter,.
rim portion, a catch securing said lens to the ré':
?ector, said semi-annular rim beingfcrmed with
grooves in each end thereof, a counterpart to
said semi-annular rim‘ being integrally secured
to the casing, said counterpart being atits upper
ends provided with pivots therein adapted to en
' The connecting joint for the pipes, as shown - gage the grooves in the ?rst said semi-annular
in Figure 9, from the motor to the cylinder of the
headlight has a hand valve 65, which ‘upon ma
, nipulation may cause the veffect of compression
or suction; respectivelvrelevant to the cylinder
portion, a bracket integrally secured to said re
flee-tor, an attachment comprising a cylinder 'ar
ranged upon the lower‘ surface of'the casing, a
for the purpose of tilting the reflector, as here
rod mounted upon a. piston in the cylinder and
adapted to act upon said‘bracket intilting the
inbefore described.
reflector, and, a vent valve mounted in said-cylin
In Figure lilis illustrated the hand valve
I der, pipes f 3 connecting? the latter to the ‘motor which comprises a cylinder
with, a 'nut'é'i
of a car for compression or suction, anda' valve '
40 forming an integral part therewith, said nut be~
ing screwed into the section ‘48 shown in Figure 9.
In the cylinder 138 is mounted theactual hand
valve 45, which latter is actuated by. a spring 49
disposed in said cylinder,
latter has been
45 formed with a longitudinal slot Eu therein adapted
during manipulation of said hand valve to receive
a ridged portion 5i upon the latter.
Thus during operation of the device, and when
it is desired to utilize the'compression, the’valve
50 45 is withdrawn so that the ridge 5.! upon the
latter is out of alignment with‘ the groove 58 in
With this device may be used high candle powe
er bulbs; at the same time by duly manipulating
the device, it will, as formerly stated, not be nec~
essary to dim the lights.
It is obviousthat changes may be made in the
form, construction‘and arrangement of the sev
eral parts‘, as shown, within the scope of
80 pended claims, without departing irom the spirit
having an operating handle for controlling the
means for manipulating said rod.
3. An automobile headlight comprising‘ a,,_cas—
ing, a reflector, a lens mounted in the latter, a
semi-annular rim portion, a catch securing said .
lens to the re?ector, said semi~annularri1n be
ing formed with grooves in each end thereof, a
counterpart to’ said semi-annular rim being in
tegrally secured to the casing, said‘counterpart
being at its upper ends provided with pivots theree
in adapted to engage'the grooves in the ?rst said‘
semi-annular riin portion, a bracket secured to
the lower rear surface of the re?ector, anat
tachinent comprising a cylinder and arranged
upon the lower "surface of the casing,‘ anrod
mounted in said. cylinder and adapted to act 55
upon said brac :et in tilting the'reflecton'and
spring actuated hooks arranged between the roas
said re?ector for securing the latter in
position relative to the casing.
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