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Патент USA US2107506

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Feb. 8, 1938.
M. E. ROE ET AL
2,107,506
VEHICLE OF THE TRICYCLE OR VELOCIPEDE TYPE
Filed Aug. 3, 1936
3-Sheets-S'neet 1
MAYO E. ROE.
ArmWILBUR -HENR;;/ZDAMS. lNvmoRs.
ATTORNEYS.
Feb.‘ 8,
' I
M, E_ ROE ET AL
VEHICLE OFv THE TRICYCLE OR VELOCIPEDE TYPE
Filed Aug. 3, 1936
‘
FIG. 4.
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s Sheets-Sheet- 2
MAYO E. Roam
'
WILBUR HENRY ADAMSINVENTORS.
ATTORNEY.
, Feb. 8, 1938.
M. E. ROE ET AL
2,107,506
VEHICLE OF THE TRICYCLE OR VELOCIPEDE TYPE
Filed Aug. 3, 1956
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
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2,107,506
Patented Feb. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,107,506
VEHICLE OF THE TRICYCLE OR VELOCI
PEDE TYPE
Mayo E. Roe, Elyria, and Wilbur Henry Adams,’
Cleveland, Ohio, assignors to The Colson Cor
poration, Elyria, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application August 3, 1936, Serial No. 94,018
8 Claims. (Cl. 280—274)
The parts referred to constitute no essential
This invention relates to vehicles of the tri
cycle or velocipede type.
'
Among the objects of the invention are to pro
vide:
An improved vehicle of the class referred to;
A vehicle of the class referred to having an
improved frame or body construction;
An improved frame or body construction for
vehicles of the class referred to.
Other objects will be apparent to those skilled
in the art to which our invention appertains.
Our invention is fully disclosed in the following
description taken in connection with the accom
panying drawings in which,
15
Fig. 1 is a side elevational perspective View of
a velocipede embodying our invention;
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of ‘the velocipede of
Fig. l;
.
Fig. 3 is a view to a larger scale, substantially
20 full scale, of a part of Fig. 2 with parts broken
away and parts in section for clearness;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary side elevational View
taken from the plane 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a view to an enlarged scale, substan
25 tially full size, of a part of the head construc
tion of the vehicle of Fig. 1, the parts being
broken away and in section to illustrate the in
terior construction thereof;
Fig. 6 is a bottom plan view of the parts of
'
.30 Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view taken
from the plane ‘ll-J! of Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is a view illustrating a frame or body
construction for vehicles, such as that illustrated
35 in Fig. 1, and embodying our invention in mod
i?ed form; the view being in perspective and
from the same viewpoint as that of Fig. 1, other
parts of the vehicle being omitted to simplify the
drawings;
40
Fig. 9 is a top plan view to an enlarged scale,
substantially full size of some of the parts of Fig.
8, the view being partly in section and partly
broken away and being considered as taken in the
direction of the arrow 9 of Fig. 8:
Fig. 10 is a view taken from the plane Ill-I0
45
of Fig. 9.
Referring to the drawings, we have shown at
l the vehicle front wheel, rotatable on bearings
on a fork 2 the fork having a castering bearing
.50
at 3, to be more fully described, and handle
bars 4 connected thereto, within reach of a rider
on the seat 5 supported on a frame shown gen
erally at 6, the frame at the rearward portion
of the. vehicle being supported on rear wheels
:55
1-1.
1
part of our invention and may be variously con
structed; except as to the frame 6 and its caster
ing bearing 3 and the connection between the
frame and the axles of the wheels 1 wherein our
invention resides and which will now be described
more fully.
The castering bearing referred to generally
by the reference character 3 comprises in the
preferred embodiment a metal tube 8, preferably 10
relatively thick walled, having pressed. into op~
posite ends thereof, bearing bushings 9—9 pro
vided with ?nish ?anges l0—l0 overlapping the
ends of tube 8; and it is within the bores of the
bushings 9—-9 that the stem of the fork 2 above 15
referred to has castering bearing.
The frame proper, referred to generally at B
in Figsrl. and 2, comprises a pair of metal tubes
l |—! l abutted upon and welded to the tube 8
at their forward ends, (see also Figs. 5 and 6) 20
the tube 8 being shown in Fig. 6 without the
bushings 9--9 for clearness. The tubes II—-ll
extend rearwardly from the tube 8 and diverge
from each other as plainly shown in Figs. 2 and
6.
A metal bracing member in the form of a 25
gusset [2 preferably triangular in form is welded
along one edge as at I3 to the tube outer wall 8,
extends upwardly between the adjacent tubes
H—H and is welded likewise thereto. By this
construction the front end portions of the tubes
ll-Jl, the bearing tube 8, and the brace l2,
are all integrally welded together.
A saddle post socket i4 is formed from a piece
of thick Walled metal tubing and opposite sides
thereof are grooved as at |5—|5, generally to
the radius of the tubing H-H and the tubes
H-Jl are laid in the grooves l5--l5 and Welded
to the tubing piece l4; and a set screw l6 may
be provided through a Wall of the socket 14 to
clamp the saddle post H, see Fig. 1, therein in
suitably vertically adjusted position.
A channel element l8 of sheet metal, down
wardly open is placed over the structure thus far.
described. The web‘ IQ of the channel rests upon
the upper side of the tubes ll—l I, the ?anges
20-20 of the channel lie along the sides of the
tubes ll--II and the forward end edges 2I-2l
of the channel ?anges lie upon the side of the
tube 8 and are welded thereto. The channel
?anges are also welded for example, as at 22-22,
to the tubes ll—-H; and the channel ?anges
20—2ll are preferably of greater vertical depth
adjacent to the tube 8 than at their rearward
end portions.
When the vehicle is in use, and the front wheel 55
‘2,107,506
I rests on the ground and load ‘is applied on the
seat 5, forces are developed in the structure thus
abut upon and are welded as at M to the outer
lateral sides of the portions 2da,_2?a. A con
far described which tend to bend the tube 8 off
from the ends of the tubes I IHI l and which tend
to twist with torsional force, the forward ends
of the tubes il——! 5, and these forces are resisted
necting piece of tubing 42 is inserted between the
portions 24a—24a of the frame tube {thus loom
leting the oval con?guration of the frame and
strengthening the attachment of the frame and
the frame tube to each other.
The oval 33 and its connected parts provide a
rigid grating or platform which not only rigidly
with the maximum of resistance for the mini
ofmaterial by the structure above described;
and the channel i8 besides absorbing torsional
10 and bending forces covers the parts in a manner
to render the construction pleasing in appear
ance.
The tubes H-H diverge rearwardly from the
head construction just described and extend rear
wardly and downwardly therefrom and at their
lower end portions 23-23 are bent so as to ex
tend forwardly again, thus providing at about the
level of the axis of the rear wheels ‘L-ll, substan
20
tially straight horizontal forwardly extending
portions 24-24 spaced apart transversely.
As shown in
3 and 4, the ends 2?—2ll of
the tubes H--I l have inserted into their ends
turned solid metal pieces 25—25 supporting op
posite ends of a wheel axle 26. The axle prefer
ab-iy has at opposite ends thereof reduced di
ameter portions l2l—21 which are ?tted into
positions the rear wheels l-‘l on their axle por
tions 3'I—31 but as in the ?rst above described
form provide a platform upon which a rider may
stand while straddling the frame tubes l la-—I la.
Our invention is not limited to exact details of
construction shown and described. Two forms of
frame are shown and other changes and modi?
cations may be made within the scope and spirit
of our invention and without sacri?cing its ad
vantages and within the scope of the appended
claims.
20
\
We claim:
,
1. In a vehicle of the class described, a front
head construction, a pair of tubular body ele
ments secured at forward end portions to the head
construction and extending rearwardly and di
vergingly downwardly therefrom and at their rear
suitable transverse bores in the pieces 25-25
and outwardly of the said pieces has reduced di
ameter portions 28—28 upon which the wheels 7
'30 or bearings thereof are mounted, the portions 28
having threaded ends 29——2§ for retaining nuts.
Forwardly beyond the axle 26 the pieces 25 are
joined by a transverse piece of metal tubing 3d
portions of the tubular body elements and a pair '30
of aligned rear wheel axles extending oppositely
from the frame and supported thereby.
2. In a vehicle of the class described, a front
and rearwardly thereof the tubes 1 l—! I are join
ed by a transverse piece of tubing 3|, the tubing
'Inents secured at forward end portions to the 35
and 3i and the axle 21 all being preferably of
substantially the same diameter and disposed in
end portions extending forwardly, a frame com
prising a plurality of transverse members rigidly
welded together and welded to the said rear end I j
head construction, .a pair of tubular body ele- ,
The parts 26, 35, BI and ii-ll just described
are joined together preferably by welding to pro
vide smooth rounded joint corners and edges
head construction and extending rearwardly and
divergingly downwardly therefrom and at their
rear end portions extending forwardly, a frame
comprising a plurality of transverse members,
disposed substantially in a horizontal plane, 40
rigidly welded together and welded to the said
rear end portions of the tubular body elements,
therebetween as illustrated in the lower half of
and a pair of aligned rear wheel axles extending
Fig. 3. The parts 39 and 31, as described, also
perform the dual function of rendering the frame
at the rearward wheel supporting end rigid to
oppositely from the frame and supported thereby. _
3. In a vehicle of the class described, a front 45
substantially a horizontal plane thus providing a
platform upon which a rider may stand.
head construction, a plurality of elongated body
elements secured at forward end portions to the
head construction and extending rearwardly and
By the foregoing described construction a divergingly downwardly therefrom and at their
50 rigid but light frame or body is provided for ve
rear end portions extending forwardly, a frame 50
hicles of this class.
comprising a plurality of transverse members
In Figs. 8, 9 and 10 is illustrated amodi?cation. .rigidly connected together and rigidly connected
In this form the forward head construction 32 to the said rear end portions of the elongated
may be the same as that more completely de
body elements and a pair of aligned rear wheel
scribed above; the rearwardly extending frame bearing elements extending oppositely from the
maintain the wheels L4 in forward and rear
ward alignment.
tubes lla—l la in this form however do not di
frame and supported thereby.
verge as much as in the ?rst described form and
4. In a vehicle of the type described, a front
head construction, a pair of elongated body ele
ments secured at forward end portions to the
at their lower ends have forwardly extending
portions 24a»—2='éa which are secured to a gener
60 ally oval frame 33.
The frame 33 is preferably made from a tube 35
bent into oval form. An axle bar 36 extends
longitudinally of the frame 33, having reduced
diameter wheel bearing supporting axle portions
65 31-31. The axle bar 36 is preferably secured to
the frame 33 by laying the axle portions 31-37
in groove 38 in the ends of the oval frame 33 and
rigidly joining the axle bar to the frame by weld
ing as at 39 which welding also restores the
strength to the tubev which was reduced by the
notches 38.
The end portions Zita-“212a of the frame tube,
above referred to, abut upon and are welded to
p the axle bar 36 as at ¢l0—llB and the two ends of
the tube from which the oval frame 33 is formed,
'
head construction and extending rearwardly and 60
downwardly therefrom and at their rear end por
tions being laterally spaced apart and extending
forwardly, a supplemental frame comprising a
plurality of transverse members disposed sub-__
stantially in a horizontal plane rigidly connected 65
together and rigidly connected to the said rear
end portions of the elongated body elements, and
a pair of aligned rear wheel bearings secured to
laterally opposite portions of the frame.
5. In a vehicle of the class described, a head 70
construction having a castering front wheel
mounted thereon, a frame comprising a plurality
of bent elements secured at one end to the head
construction and extending rearwardly down-_
wardly therefrom and terminating in forwardly‘
2,107,506
extending end portions spaced apart laterally, a
supplemental frame rigidly connected to the for
wardly extending end portions and provided with
opposite laterally extending aligned rear wheel
bearing elements.
6. In a vehicle of the class described, a head
construction having a castering front wheel
mounted thereon, a frame comprising a plurality
of bent elements secured at one end to the head
10 construction and extending rearwardly down
wardly therefrom and terminating in forwardly
extending end portions spaced apart laterally, a
supplemental frame comprising a plurality of
transversely extending frame elements rigidly
15 connected to the forwardly extending end por
tions and provided with opposite laterally extend
ing aligned rear Wheel bearing elements.
7. In a vehicle of the class described, a front
head construction, an elongated body element se
20 cured at its forward end portion to the head con
3
struction and extending rearwardly and diverg
ingly downwardly therefrom and at its rear end
portion extending forwardly, a frame rigidly con
nected to the said rear end portion of the elon
gated body element, and a pair of aligned rear
Wheel bearing elements extending oppositely from
the frame and supported thereby.
8. In a vehicle of the class described, a head
construction having a castering front wheel
thereon, a frame secured at one end to the head
construction and extending rearwardly down
wardly therefrom and terminating in forwardly
extending end portions spaced apart laterally, a
supplemental frame rigidly connected to the for
wardly extending end portions and provided with
opposite laterally extending aligned rear wheel
bearing elements.
MAYO E. ROE‘.
WILBUR HENRY ADAMS.
20
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