Патент USA US2107534код для вставки
Feb.‘8, 1938. H_ P_ HOUSER 2,107,534 FACE METER Filed NOV. 18, 1,936 3nventor Ba ffozrry f. House 7; Patented Feb. 8, 1938 2,107,534‘ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,107,534 FACE METER Harry P. Houser, Waterloo, Iowa Application November 18, 1936, Serial No. 111,413 6 Claims. My invention relates to improvements in face meters, and it is one object of my improvements to supply the dental profession with a device of this class, suitable for relative adjustments of 5 ‘its parts for locating a movably mounted indica tor therein in relation and connection with other movable parts and adjustably, to permit of locat ing it in line medially and initially with either a normal or a sidewise distorted lower jaw of a 10 vperson where it will indicate the natural division of the teeth between the jaws respectively, and where the other movable adjustable elements of the device are properly seated upon the features, and thus permitting the setting of said elements 15, -,where their relative adjustments are individual, and permitting memoranda to be made of their relative positions before the making of arti?cial dentures thereafter. Other objects of my invention pertain to the 20 means for securing the various movable elements in their adjusted positions after the several measuring operations thereof upon the head of the person sitting, whereby in the completed dentures, their relative shapes and positions 25‘may correctly reproduce the like at any time " after the metering operation is completed, and from the various relative dimensions taken from the metering device. These objects I have successfully accomplished 30 in reduction to practice, and therefore it is to curved rearwardly, it being understood that these furcations are wider than and adapted to span the brow of the sitter or patient and extending rearwardly relative to the patient’s face, and each furcation has a widened termination l2a with an inwardly threaded tubular cross seat for a contacting screw 2 which is adjustable to and from the temple of the patient, thus fur nishing a meter for the interspace of the temples. Spaced below the furcations l2 the standard It is widened also and a nose grasper IE on a short stem I3 is secured thereto by a screw M or other means. As shown in Fig. 4 this element i5 has lateral wings IS!) with a medial riser I50, and a medial concavity l5a to be seated upon N Cl the upper part of the nose and spanning the con cavity between the brow and nose. 5, has at its rear end a short ?xed fork l6a on a 40 oranda relating thereto, and Fig. 2 is a rear ele ‘ vation thereof. Fig. 3 is a top plan of the span— " been adjusted to ?t di?erent features of a 4b, while the other stem 6, shown in Figs. 1 and head part It, and a forwardly projecting up patient, may have these elements secured in wardly curved member or chin rest 56b is made their respective positions, and these positions integral with the fork lGa medially. The wid ened termination [60 of the furcations 16a have set down upon indicating blanks for future con 50 sultation when it becomes necessary to prepare 5 through for forward and rear adjustments there in, and secured in any adjusted position by a set-screw llb‘ whose contact end bears within a longitudinal lateral groove 3b of the rod. The rear end of the rod 3 has like furcations l2 contacting member of said device. My invention, when its movable parts have In the annexed drawing, Fig. 1 is a side eleva ton of my metering device as properly set and adjusted upon the face of a sitter indicated by dotted lines, and preliminary to making mem 55 a medial horizontal rod 3 seated in a hole there ner for the temples; Fig. 4 is a top plan of the nose grasper, and Fig. 5 is a top plan of the chin adopted and used in the said device, without departing from the principles of my invention and the scope of protection afforded by the ap 35 pended claims. 45. numeral H denotes a medial vertically disposed standard for the support of the various movably adjustable elements of the instrument. The top part Ha: of this standard is enlarged and with The lower portion of the standard II is ?at tened and widened laterally at 9 with a vertical slot l9 extending nearly to its lower end. This , slot provides a slideway for like slide-blocks 4c and 50 therein, and these blocks are perforated from front to rear to seat respectively medial horizontal stems 4 and 6 respectively, both hav ing graduations as at 4a therealong. Like set- ;, screws 4d and 6b traverse said blocks 40 and 60 to hold said stems in adjusted positions, and either stem may have longitudinal grooves as at 6a to seat the screws. Both of the stems are movable along the stand ard upwardly or downwardly individually and secured in adjusted relative positions. The stem 4, shown in Fig. 1, has a conical rear termination ' 'be understood that various modi?cations may be. ' (Cl. 33-174) threaded seats therethrough seating screws 7 v and properly shape and relate dentures individ ual to the patient. Thus a perfect reproduction of the original teeth and positions of the upper and lower jaws may be effected in the dentures. have threads upon which are seated like knurled Referring initially to said Figs. 1 and 2, the nuts 46 and 60 to compress rubber disks 4)‘ and and 8 therein, preferably having rounded inner heads 1a. and 8a to bear against opposite parts of the patient’s chin or jaw. The stems 4 and 6 2 2,107,534 6d against the standard part 9, to grip the stand ard between them and the blocks 40 and 60 re“ spectively. The Standard part 9 has along one vertical edge a graduated scale 5. In ?tting the instrument adjustably upon the patient’s head, the furcations l2 may have their of a patient’s head and face, an indicator sup— ported thereon for both longitudinal and hOI‘i: zontal adjustments therealong to indicate the bite location of opposed jaw teeth, means for securing the indicator'in any adjusted position on the supporting body, forked bodies mounted on end parts of the supporting body, the upper set-screws 2 contact with the opposite temporal parts of "the head. The member l5 then rides against the superorbital ridges.” The upwardly 10 concaved chin-rest l?b may be shifted along the standard 9 to ?t upon the chin, and its substan~ to and from the patient’s face, contact members tially alined end screws ‘la and 8a adjusted in the furcations lGa to contact and support a side posite parts of the patient’s head, means for se curing said forked body in an adjusted position wise displaced lower jaw of a patient. The stem on the supporting body, the lowermost forked body being both horizontally and longitudinally 15 adjustable on the supporting body, releasably 4 may be moved to and from the lips of the patient to be located with its conical point 4b inserted between the lips and between the jaws. Thus all of the movable parts may be adjusted to ?t the face of the patient individually, the 20 stem point 4b as‘ adjusted determining the bite in reproducing its location in the dentures. The adjusting screws I and 2, and ‘I and 8 cooper ate in the ?tting of the instrument to the face, however normal or distorted in its ‘features, Without varying the proper location taken to Y. show the bite. The shirt and the ridge lap also are taken care of by such adjustments of the device. The instrument is removably and ad justingly seated upon the patient’s face and held ._ by the use of an elastic member l8 having end hooks l9 passed around the ‘screws I and 2. contact members mounted on the furcations of 20 the lower forked body for adjustments to and from Opposite parts of the'patient’s head, and inwardlyv directed screws adjustably, mounted onv the contact members of thelower-forked body for laterally‘engaging the lower jaw of the patient, 25 when this body is adjusted in a suitable position for. supporting the device adjustingly upon a‘ laterally deformed lower jaw on and with rela tion to the supporting body. . 3. In a face meter, a supporting body, an in so; adjustments of the instrument, also may include other data relating to the individual case. nal and horizontal adjustments thereon, an arm on said body. having atermination shaped to Name ______________________________ __ Address __________________________ __,__ City _____________ _'____ State _______ __ Telephone ___________ __ Age ________ __ Shade of'teeth‘ __________________ __'____ Form ______________________________ __ Width of centrals _________ __ Upper____ Width of six anterior ______ __ Upper____ Length of centrals ________ __ Uppcr____ Bite_'_____ Shut ____ __ Ridge lap___'__'_ 1. _____________ __ 5,. ________ __;___'__ 2. 6.. _____________ __ _____________ __ 3. _____________ __ 7. a______________ __ ll. _____________ __ 8. _____________ __ 4-5. __________ __ 6—5. __________ __ Remarks. 10 lockable compressible braking means for secur ing said lower forked body in any adjusted posi-. tion on the supporting body, upwardly disposed below for entering data derived from the said Date ________________ __19__ have opposite wingpartstorest against the su perorbital brow ridges of a patient, and an ad justable chin engaging device'mounted lockably for sidewise ?tting a laterally deformed lower jaw. Ki. In a facemeter, a supporting body,ran in! dicator mounted for both/longitudinal andhori» zontal adjustments on said body, means for sea curing, said indicator in any adjusted position, means mounted adjustably on ‘end parts of said‘ body for adjustably engaging opposite head parts of. apatient, said indicator being related to the supporting body to indicate thebite position of opposed jaw teeth of the. patient, one of said head engaging means carrying a chin engaging device consisting of arms having endscrews op-, posable to opposite sides of a lower jaw sidewise deformed, meansfor releasably securing said ad of numerals shown in the above form also are justable devices tn the supporting body, and a' superorbital engaging device mounted. on the supportingbody betweenthe other head engag ing device and said indicator, the indicator and», both head engaging means, and said supporting those used in the drawing and'speci?cation to body carrying indicating scales therealong. Instructions as to the modes of adjustments of the. elements of the instrument may also be supplied in connection with the above forms, sub stantially as stated in this speci?cation. The sets 60 describe or number certain elements of the in strument. I claim: ‘ ' 1. In a face meter, a supporting body, an in 65 mounted on’ the iurcations of the uppermost forked body for adjustments to and from op dicator mounted for longitudinal, and horizontal’ adjustments .onv said body, spanning devices mounted at end parts of the body for longitudi—. A printed form, such as described or exhibited 50 most forked body being horizontally adjustable 5.. In a face meter, a supporting body,‘ an inf dicator mounted on said body, for both longitu dinal and horizontal adjustments ‘thereon rela tive to. the head of a patient and shiftable to in-v dicator mounted for both longitudinal and hori zontal adjustments therealong, and devices dicate the bite position between the opposed jaw teeth ‘thereof, means for releasably securing said mounted on upper and lower end parts of the indicator in an adjusted. position, and di?erent means mounted on said supporting body ad. supporting body. respectively, adjustable both longitudinally and horizontally therealong in re lation to said indicator, said devices having fur 70 cations spaced from and for spanning opposite upper or- lower deformed'parts of the patient’s head, and lacking means for securing said in dicator and devices in their adjusted positions. 2. In a face meter, a supporting body adapted 75 to be positioned medially longitudinal-1y forward justably and ?xedly respectively to. contact with a sidewise displaced lower mandible, the lower mandible and, with, the superorbital ridges of the patient’s headto place the indicator'in suit-i able indicating position thereon. . 1 ' 6. In a face meter, in combination, a standard, a rearwardly projectingfork movably mounted forto. and fro adjustments thereon, screwswad 40: ' 3 2,107,534 justably traversing the ends of the fork for en gaging the sides of a patient’s head, a rearwardly projecting arm ?xed on the standard below said fork having a transversely concave oppositely narrowed termination with a medial upper part shaped to seat against the superorbital brow ridges conformably, the lower part of the stand ing said slot adjustably secured therein for both horizontal and vertical adjustments, the chin rest ard being transversely ?attened and longitudi nally slotted, a rearwardly coned horizontal rod screws mounted in the ends of said lateral mem having upwardly curved lateral members posi tioned at the sides of a chin seated therein, the chin rest having an upwardly curved forward Ul member adapted to serve as a forward stop for the chin, inwardly directed alined transverse bers adjustably, contacting terminally the sides 10 mounted inand secured in said slot for rear of the lower jaw, and said brow fork stem, stand ward adjustments and also being vertically ad ard, horizontal rod, and chin rest being gradu justable in the slot, an upwardly concaved chin rest having a forwardly projecting stem travers ated. HARRY P. HOUSER.