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Патент USA US2107542

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Feb. 8, 1938. '
M_ MANDEL
2,107,542
SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR BOATS
Filed Ju-ne 9, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
20
52
INVENTOR
_ Feb. 8, 1938.
I
2,107,542
M. MANDEL
SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR BOATS
Filed June 9, 1937
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
'
‘
_
INVENI'R.
flarrz's Wendel '.
I
Patented Feb. 8, 1938
2,107,5421
UNITED STATES PATENT.- O FF I C E
2,107,542
SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR BOATS
Morris Mandel, Chicago, Ill.
Application June 9, 1937, Serial No. 147,223
5 Claims. (Cl. 9-4)»
My invention'relates to safety apparatus for the ?exibleside members showing the valved air
boats and like devices.
ports.
My invention relates more particularly to
safety apparatus for boats capable of being em
While'it-will be understood that the ?exible
covering members may be employed with boats of
ployed to assist in keeping boats a?oat during - any size, I have'illustrated the same in connec
stormy‘ weather and high waves.
tion with the usual motor boat In which is pro
The principal object of my invention is to‘ vided with the motor l2 that is connected in a
provide an improved apparatus capable of being
secured to open boats so that the same can be
10 comparatively enclosed in an emergency such as
a stormy or high wind with its resultant high waves. -
A further object. is to provide an improved
safety apparatus of the type described capable
when not in use of being collapsed and secured
15 upon the gunwales of the boat.
A further object of the present invention is to
provide apparatus of the class described that may
be opened in such a manner that the same will
meet over the center of the boat Where it can
20 be securedtogether and rigidly held in this posi
tion.
A further object is to provide improved means
associated withthe edges of the side members
whereby an airtight and water-tight seal can
25 be made by the meeting edges.
A further object is to provide improved means
associated with the side members whereby valved
airports may be employed to permit airto enter
theenclosed boat Whenever‘ the side members
30. are locked in. their upright position. .
Other objects and advantages will be more ap
parent from the following description wherein
reference is had to the accompanying two sheets
of drawings, upon which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the usual type of motor
boat with my improved apparatus secured upon
the gunwales thereof;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view thereof with
the closure members in the open position pro
viding a complete cover for the boat;
Fig. 3 is a vertical cross-sectional view thereof
taken generally on the lines 3—3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view through
the back member showing the manner-in. which
the same is mounted upon the rear edge wall of
the boat;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a
portion of one of the side members;
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken along
the line of the support braces and shown along
line 6—6 of Fig. 5;
Fig. '7 is a fragmentary view with the gunwale
of the boat in section showing the manner in
which the side members are fastened upon the
boat; .
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary sectional view through
the meeting edges of the side members taken gen
erally on the line 8—8 of Fig. 3, and
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary View of a portion of
driving relation to the propeller’ M at the back of
the boat. ' I provide a steering wheel l6 connected
in the usual manner to the rudder l8 which is also 10
situated at the back of the boat. The boat may
be formed with the hull portion 20 and a ?oor
22'which covers the drive shaft 24 for the propeller
and the steering means 26 extending to the rudder.
It will be noted that the boat is provided with the 15
two side gunwales 28. and 30 and the rear edge
gunwale 32.
Upon each of the gunwales 28 and 30, I mount
a plurality of brackets 32’ which securely hold the
lower end 34 of the ?exible side members 36 and 20
38. The side members as shown in the enlarged
fragmentary view Fig. 5 may be formed of ?exible
water-proof canvas or other suitable material
and be provided with a plurality of openings 40
of a desired size and shape within which a plu-v
rality of windows 42 are adapted to be mounted.
The windows-42‘ are also preferably ?exible and -
are therefore constructed of mica or other similar
material that is transparent and ?exible. These '
are adapted to be secured in place by sewing
around the peripheral edge of the same and form
a comparatively water-proof seal around the edge
of the opening 40. It will be noted in Fig. 2 that
the windows 42 are provided in upright and longi
tudinal rows so that a comparatively unob
35
structed view may be obtained in any direction.
I provide means for supporting the side mem
bers 36 and 38 in a raised position and-this means
may be in the form of strap members 45 and 46
which are pivotally mounted on suitable pins and
40
so formed that when they are raised to the posi
tion shown in Figs. 6 and 7 they form a compara
tively straight wall which is capable of support
ing the ?exible side members 36 and 38.
Suitable locking arms 48. and 50 are provided
45
at alternate joints so that the entire side wall can
be rigidly supported in an upright position, or the:
arms may be sideways and the entire sidesec
tion collapsed-as shown in dotted lines in Fig. '7.
When the side wall sections are collapsed as
shown in Fig. '7 they are adapted to be covered
by a ?exible Water-proof cover member 52~which
is secured to the‘ lower edge of the gunwale and
folded over the same with its outer edge fastened
on the pin members 54.
55
With the side sections in the raised position
as shown in Fig. 3 it is desirable to have a more
or less water-proof joint between the meeting
edges. Accordingly I provide a ?exible member
preferably formed of rubber, having bulged por 60
2,107,542
2
tion 56 secured along the entire front edge 51 of
the side section 36 and a similar resilient mem
ber 58 having a complementary socket portion 59
to engage the bulge 56. In this manner and when
the strapmember 60 secured to the member 38
is fastened over the pin 62 secured to the mem
ber 36 the sections will be fastened together in
a comparatively water-proof manner. It will be
understood that the strap members 60 are placed
at a plurality of points throughout the length of
the side members 36 and 38.
With the back collapsible member 62 secured by
suitable strap members 64 to the side members
36 and 38 it will be apparent that a complete‘ en
closure has been provided for the boat.
With the construction as thus provided, and
with the boat enclosed in the manner described,
it is necessary to provide means for permitting
air to enter the boat for the ‘benefit of the passen
20 gers. Accordingly, in some of the windows 42,
I provide the valve members 61 which are formed
with a plurality of vane portions 69 that co-op
in a raised position and means fastening said
back member along its edges to said side members
to form an enclosure over said boat, said fasten
ing means comprising hook members secured to
one side member and hook engaging members
secured to the other side member.
3. A safety appliance for boats comprising col
lapsible ?exible side members fastened in a col
lapsed condition on the top of the gunwales of
a boat, a waterproof cover member enclosing the 10
same, a collapsible ?exible back member fastened
in a collapsed condition on the top of the back
edge members'of the boat, a waterproof cover
member enclosing the same, means comprising
rigid strap members for supporting said ?exible 15
side and back members in a raised position, each
of said side members having a resilient meeting
edge, ‘fastening means to- hold said edges together
in a raised position and means‘fastem'ng said
back member along its edges to said side members 20
to form an enclosure over said boat, said fasten
ing means comprising hook members secured to
erate with the similarly shaped openings 1.0 to one side member and hook engaging members se
cured to the other side member, said side mem
permit air to enter the enclosure. Suitable han
25
dles 12 at the center of the valve may be employed ' bers and back member formed with a plurality
of
rows
of
?exible
window
portions,
some
of
said
to rotate the same to regulate the size of the
window portions arranged to be opened to permit
opening.
It will be obvious that within limits as to size
and shape of boats, the invention is adaptable to
any and all types of craft which are found upon
the water. A particularly advantageous adapta
tion will be to ?shing boats and similar craft fre
quently upon the water and usually required to
stay at sea a certain length of time regardless
35 of weather conditions.
With my invention the
safety of these boats is assured.
While I have illustrated and described a spe
ci?c embodiment of the invention, it will be ap
parent to those skilled in the art that numerous
40 changes and modi?cations may be made in the
exact details shown, and I do not wish to be lim
ited in any particular; rather what I desire to
secure and protect by Letters Patent of the United
States is:
45
_
'
'
access of air into said boat.
4. A safety appliance for boats comprising
collapsible ?exible side members fastened in a
collapsed condition on the top of the gunwales
of a boat, a waterproof cover member enclosing
the same,v a collapsible ?exible back member
fastened'in a collapsed condition on the top of
the back edge members of the boat, a waterproof
cover member enclosing the same, means com
prising rigid strap members for supporting said
?exible side and back members in a raised posi
tion, said strap members having pivotally mount
ed arm portions for holding the same in a rigid 40.
position, each of said side members having a re
silient meeting edge, fastening‘ means to hold said
edges together in a raised position, and means
fastening said back member along its edges to said
l. A safety appliance for boats comprising
side members to form an enclosure over said 45
collapsible ?exible side members fastened in a
boat.
5. A safety appliance for boats comprising col
lapsible ?exible side members fastened in a col
lapsed condition on the top of the gunwales of a
boat, a waterproof cover member enclosing the 50
same, a collapsible ?exible back member fastened
in a collapsed condition on the top of the back
edge members of the boat, a waterproof cover
member enclosing the same, means comprising
collapsed condition on the top of the gunwales
of a boat, a waterproof cover member enclosing
the same, a ‘collapsible ?exible back member
50 fastened in a collapsed condition on the top of the
back edge members of the boat, a waterproof
cover member enclosing the same, means com
prising rigid strap members for supporting said
?exible side and back members in a raised posi
tion, each of said side members having a resilient
meeting edge, fastening means to hold said edges
together in a raised position, and means fasten
ing said back member along its edges to said side
members to form an enclosure over said boat.
rigid strap members for supporting said ?exible
side and back members in a raised position, each
of said side members having a resilient meeting
edge, fastening means to hold said edges together
in a raised position and means fastening said
back member along its edges to said side mem
2.
A
safety
appliance
for
boats
comprising
'col
60
lapsible ?exible side members fastened in a col- , bers to form an enclosure over said boat, said
lapsed condition on the top of the gunwales of fastening means comprising hook members se
a boat, a waterproof cover member enclosing the cured to one side member and hook engaging
same, a collapsible ?exible back member fastened members secured to the other side member, said
in a collapsed condition'on the top of the back side membersv and back member formed with a
edge members of the boat, a waterproof cover plurality of rows of ?exible window portions, some
member enclosing the same, means comprising
rigid strap members for supporting said ?exible
side and back members in a raised position, each
of said side members having a resilient meeting
edge, fastening means to hold said edges together
of said window portions arranged to be opened to
permit access of air into said boat, said rigid strap
members arranged between rows of ?exible win
dow portions in said side and back members.
MORRIS MANDEL.
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