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Патент USA US2107790

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Feb. 8, 1938.
L M, HARVEY
'
' 2,107,790
‘TOWEL DISPENSING DEVICE
Filed Oct. 5, 1934
I
T-a
4 Sheets-Sheet l
2'
j”
Feb. 8, 1938. “
|_. M. HARVEY
2,107,790
TOWEL DISPENSING DEVICE
Fined Oct. 5, 1934
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
Feb. 8, 1938.
|__ M‘ HARVEY
_
2,107,790
TOWEL DISPENSING DEVICE
Filed Oct. 5, 1954 .
4 Sheets-Sheet 5
mg’. .5
EWZZ/QM/
157/3 ?ffa/vy
Feb; s, 1938.
2,107,790
L. M; HARVEY
TOWEL DI SPEN S ING DEVICE
Filed Oct. 5, 1934
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
/7 l0 //
/ 1 m
26 26
r Patented Feb; 8, 1938
"
v
2,107,796
JsTATEsf PATENT oer-‘lea
_ '
2,107,790
‘Tower, DISPENSING DEVICE
Leo M‘. Harvey, Los Angeles, Calif.
," Application October 5,1934, Serial No. ‘746,984
21 ‘Claims. (01. 3'12-ss>
)
'
~, 'I'hisdnvention relates to a toweldispensing
deviceior'towel'cabinet and a general object of
theinvention is toprovide a practical, effective
cabinet for dispensing paper toweling that is
sanitary‘and convenient to ‘operate.
The'towel cabinets that have been introduced
having tmeans-for governing the withdrawal of
toweling usually include levers, handles, buttons
I or the like that must be engaged and operated
10'; bythe users in order to withdraw the toweling.
The; hands of the persons using the cabinets are
‘ often’ wet and the operating levers, handles and
buttons, as well as the adjacent parts of the cabi
nets, soon become soiled and unsanitary.’ The
151; vtowels or toweling can-be withdrawn from many
4 of the towel cabinets now in use in vunlimited
quantities by :merely repeatedly operating the
gcontrolsor by'vmaintaining a~pull on the towel
’ vi'ng'.
Persons using such towel ‘cabinets often
_vwithdraw toweling greatly in excess of their ac
tual ‘needs andlquickly- deplete the supplies of
toweling in the cabinets.
'
-
Another object of, the present invention is to
provide a towel cabinet in which?the- toweling
maybe easily and conveniently withdrawn for
‘ usewithout directlyrmanually engaging 'or actu
‘ ating handles, levers, buttons or other mechani
cal
parts.
g,
,
,
a
, Another object of the invention isto provide
atowel cabinet that includes a mechanism gov
may be withdrawn, which series of manual acts
or operations usually deters the user from with
drawing excessive or unneeded quantities of
toweling.
Another object of the invention is to provide
the combination of a novel continuous supply
of paper toweling provided with spaced series
of openings and a cabinet or dispensing device
for handling said supply, including a mechanism
which cooperates with the openings to limit the 10
withdrawal of the toweling.
v
Another object of the invention is to provide
a continuous supply of paper toweling provided
with spaced sets or series of openings which
cooperate with the control mechanism of a towel
cabinet and provided with cuts, slits or series of
perforations adjacent said openings whereby the
toweling may be cut or torn free at the openings
without being torn longitudinally or being other
wise injured.
20
Another object of the invention is to provide
a towel cabinet that is compact and inexpensive
and does not involve a towel feeding mechanism
or the towel guiding and supporting rolls and
shafts usually necessary where towel feeding
mechanisms are employed.
‘Another object of the invention is to provide
a towel cabinet of the character mentioned that
is substantially tamper proof and incapable of
improper operation.
I
F k erning'lthe withdrawal oftoweling from the'case
Another object of the invention is to provide
x that may-beeasily releasedand actuated through . a towel cabinet of the character mentioned that
‘re-the medium of a portion of thetoweling accessible includes means for engaging the toweling along
through anopening in the, case, said portion of
35. toweling, being receivable by the person who en
gages it.‘v 1
y
g‘ Another, object of the invention is to provide
a towel cabinet of the character mentioned that
conceals and prevents the user from engaging
40 the’ lower edge‘ portion of the toweling until the
control‘ mechanism has been released or actu
atedfasiset forthjabove.‘
'
a
_
" ‘Anotherl?objectzof-v thetinvention is to provide
"a;ztowel’cabinet..in which the predetermined or
the line where it is to be cut or torn free to in
sure the proper cutting or tearing of the paper
toweling which means is released from the towel
ing during its withdrawal so that it does not in
terfere with the proper withdrawal of the towel
mg.
Another object of the invention is to. provide 40
a towel cabinet of the character mentioned in
which the portion of 'toweling that is engage
able to release the control is supported and backed
by a guide element that is operatively connected
givenwlen‘g'thpfz toweling that may be withdrawn ~ with the control and manually movable through
' from "the case following the release or actuation
I ofjfthejfcontrol ‘must be 'cut, or torn free before
thecontrioljfmayagain be released'or actuated.
tof’allo'w' ,the‘ withdrawal of ‘another length of
50 to elingpi The control of the device is suchthat
on a gi'y n‘l'e‘n'gth' of toweling may be'withdrawn
fr
thevc'a’se‘atea'ch operation of the device
and (equires¢;that_ the user cut ,or tear free said
lingand then manually reactuate'
.55:
ease» Seabed Portion of, toweling
30
the medium ‘of the toweling to release the con
trol.
'
The various objects and features of my inven
tion will be fully understood from the following
detailed description of a typical preferred form
and application‘ of. the invention, throughout
which description reference is made to the ac
companying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the towel cabinet
provided by the invention. Fig. 2 is an end or
{2,1073%
2
side elevation of the cabinet.
tom I6 and are spaced inwardly from the sides
Fig. 3 is an en
- I9 to leave spaces for housing certain parts of
stantially as indicated by line 3—3 on Fig. 1 the control C. ’ Outwardly projecting ?anges 28
larged vertical detailed sectional View taken sub
may be provided on the lower ends of the plates
illustrating the parts of the control in' their nor
mal or unactuated positions.
24 to close the lower ends of these spaces.
Fig. 4 is a view
inclined downwardly and forwardly and have
in the positions they assume after the manual
actuation or release. Fig. 5 is a view similar to
'Fig. 3 illustrating the parts in the positions they
assume during the withdrawal of the toweling
‘from the case.‘ Fig. 6 is a vertical detailed sec
‘tio‘nal view taken substantially as indicated by
line 6-6 on Fig. 5 with the outline of one of the
guides appearing in broken lines, and Fig. 7 is
an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional
view taken as indicated by line 1-1 ‘on Fig. 6.
The towel cabinet of the present invention in
The
upper extremities or edges of the plates 24 are
similar to Fig. 3 showing the parts of the control
}
outwardly or laterally extending lips 21 to facili
tate the easy positioning of the supply II be
tween the plates. The forward edges of. the.
plates‘ 24 have upwardly and rearwardly inclined
portions 28 forming stops for limiting the inward
'movement of the element I2 as will be herein- 7
after described.
In accordance with the invention the front‘ I8 I’
of the case has an opening 29 spaced between its
upper and lower extremities and an opening 30 ,
extending upwardly from its lower end. The
opening 29 is provided to render the toweling on
the element I2 accessible for engagement by the" .20
20 the withdrawal of the toweling from the case, '
user whereby he'may actuate the element to
con-.iprising a movable element 52 over which a
portion of the toweling T is trained, means I3 release the control C.‘ The opening 301s prefer‘
normally preventing the withdrawal of toweling ably in the nature of a comparatively large notch
in the lower end of the front I8 and is‘provid‘ed"
and for limiting the withdrawal of toweling, re
to make the lower edge portion of the toweling T 25
leasable
by
manual
actuation
of.
the
element
I2,
25
and means it for preventing the actuation o-r accessible for engagement by‘ the user after the
cludes generally: a case It); a supply II of towel
ing in the case It; and a control C governing
re‘rease of the means It releasable by tearing or
cutting free the portion of toweling withdrawn
the case
Ill.
'
The case It is a hollow structure for housing
the supply of toweling I I and the mechanism of
the control C. In the particular embodiment of
the invention illustrated in the drawings the case
is adapted to be mounted or supported on a
Wall or other vertical support. The case Ii] may
be substantially rectangular as illustrated in the
.rawings and may be formed of sheet metal or
the like. The housing or case It preferably in
cludes two sections, a section A providing a back
and a bottom I5 and a section B forming the
40
top It, the front I8 and the sides IQ of the case.
The bottom It preferably constitutes the carrier
or support for the supply of toweling and is
spaced some distance above the lower extremity
45 of the back i5. The major portion of the bot—'
tom, it projects substantially horizontally from
the back !5 while its forward portion, 29 is in
clined upwardly and forwardly. A' horizontal
shelf or flange 2! is provided on the forward edge
50 or extremity of the bottom It; The top- H‘ may‘
be horizontal while the front I8 and the sides I9
may be vertical as illustrated in the‘ drawings;
The front I8 and the sides I9 project down
wardly beyond the bottom It and are of substan-"
tially the same vertical extent- as the back I5.
In accordance with the inventionthe case section
~B is hinged o-r pivoted to the section A to be
swung to an open position where the interior of
the case is conveniently accessible. In the struc
60 ture’ illustrated in the drawings the section B
has its sides I9 pivotally' connected with the ‘sec
The
may have a rounded upper wallv and downwardly V
and laterally‘ divergent side walls. An inwardly
turned lip or rim 3! is provided on the front I8
around the opening 29 to prevent persons‘ from
tampering with the element Hand other, parts
cfthe Imechanism.
A similar inwardly turned 7
?ange or lip-32 is provided along the edge of‘ the
opening 3%.
'
The supply II of toweling is preferablyia cone» .7
tinuous or uninterrupted length of' paper‘towel-r
ing capable of being readily withdrawn from the’
case It under the control of the mechanism C. 40;
In the particular combination ‘illustrated in the‘
drawings the supply II is in the-natureof. a. con;
tinuous roll of, paper toweling, it-being-und'er~.
stood that the invention contemplates the- em-.
ployrnent of a supply consisting» of" a continuous
stripe-f folded paper toweling. The toweling T"
comprising the supply III is preferablyv a long
strip of uniform width and where the supply is;
in the form of a’ roll the strip is rolled‘altioutv a
spool 32*. The'supply roll “is supported on the‘ 50:1
bottom It and is held against excessive rolling"
movement by the back- I55 and inclinedi'portioni'
star the bottom. '7 The plates 241 guide ther'ollt' m2’
and limit its longitudinal movement. ‘It is; a1
feature of the invention that the toweling; ,"of"
the supply II is provided with‘ longitudinally"
spaced'sets or series'of. openings‘ 33; Thellongi
tudinal spacing of- the openings-33 along the
strip of; toweling maybe uniform‘ orirregular'asz
desired or found practical. The“ portions‘ of‘th'e 603
toweling T‘ occurring between the‘seriesgoféopen‘ev
downwardly~ and forwardly relative to the sec
ings 33 comprise the towels that are withdnav'vni
and torn free by the users of'the device;
tion A.
The case Ill is provided with means for carry
openings may’ comprise‘ four‘ openings‘ 33", for ‘ cos»
'tion A at 22 so that the section'B may be swung
65
release of the means I3 of the control C.
opening 29 may be round while the opening 30
ing the control C'and for supporting and posi
tioning the supply vII of. toweling. As described
‘Each longitudinally spaced series" or setof’
operation with‘ fourparts or ?'ngers’of‘ tliecdn
trol 'C.
It isito be understood‘ thatv the‘ number"
above the bottom‘ It of the section A carries or
of: openings’ 33‘ of each‘ series’ dependsv upon‘ the:
supports the supply II and partitions or, plates
particular formation of the controlv of'thec'ab'inet;
70 21!v are vertically‘ disposed at the opposite ends
The openings 33 of each series are in'pairs in the‘
of the bottom I6 to retain the‘ towel supply in its
proper position on the bottom. The plates 24‘
may, be suitably attached to the back I5 and
opposite longitudinal edge portions-of'th‘e strip"
of'toweling T; The openings‘ 3'3"are'pref_erably"
bottom It. In the preferred construction the
andfpreferably‘have roundedoppjositeends: V Thei
75 plates 24-‘ project'downwardly--beyond‘"the‘ bots‘
elongated longitudinally'of the strip of'ftowelingi'
2513072796
described pass through or extend into the open
ings 33 to limit the withdrawal of they toweling
Tfromrthe case l0 and when'the ?ngers are in
the'openings the'user must cut or tear free the
withdrawn portion of‘ toweling.‘ It i has been
found desirable to provide the toweling '_I‘ with
transverse perforations or cuts 34 to facilitate
the easy tearing of the toweling along transverse
‘ , lines at the sets of ‘openings 33.
In the particue
.ylar case illustrated in the drawings the cuts" or
slits 34 are continuous,‘ it being understood that
they may be in the nature of spaced series of
relatively small scorings or perforations. L A corn
paratively long cut or slit‘34 extends transversely
v1-5 across the toweling between points adjacent the
two innermost openings 33 while similar cuts 34
extend between points adjacent the openings 33 of
‘each pair of openings.’ The cuts or slits 34 are
aligned and preferably occurin planes substan
7'tially tangential to the upper ends of the open
ings 33. It will be apparent how the'provision
ofthe cuts or slits 34 insures the proper straight
tearing or cutting of the toweling in or adjacent
the planes of the series of openings 33.
' The control C is an important feature of ‘the
invention and includes parts for cooperating ‘with
the openings 33 of the toweling ‘and parts for
cooperating with the face or body of the toweling
to govern the withdrawal of the toweling from
the case l0 and to allow‘the'withdrawal of only
one length of toweling at each actuation of the
device. In accordance with the invention the
, control C is released to allow the withdrawal of
a length of toweling by manually pressing on the
I’ toweling T trained over the element |2 to move
the element inwardly. The element | 2 which
comprises a part of the control C is in the nature
of a panel, apron, or ‘guide on which the toweling»
40
T is trained or arranged for withdrawal through
an'opening 35 in the lower forward‘corner por
tion of the case I0. The element I2 ‘is’ arranged
I
within the case In and is normally substantially
vertical and spaced a ‘short distance to-‘the ‘rear
of the front
l8.
'
‘
‘
-'
I -
"The principal section or part of' the element |2
3.
' The means-I3 is provided primarily to cooper
ate with the toweling T to limit its withdrawal at
eachtoperation of the-device. The means |3 also
normally’ holds the toweling T against withdrawal
and conceals the lower portion of the toweling T
at the opening 39'whereby the users cannot pull
on'the-toweling without ?rst releasing the means
I 3 by pressing inwardly on the element l2 through
the medium ofthe toweling exposed at the open
ing-29;_g~
l5‘
'
10
The meansv |3 includes two lever members or
levers 43- arranged in the case I0 behind the ele
ment‘ l2, each lever having two downwardly pro
jecting arms'44. Forwardly projecting ?ngers 45
are provided on the. lower ends of the arms 44 to 15
cooperate with »or extend through the openings
33 in the toweling T. The ?ngers 45 are pref
erably inclined upwardly and outwardly and are
formed ‘and spaced to readily project into the
openings'33. without undesirable interference with 20
the'i'itoweling-T. .Horizontal pivot pins 46 are
carried in openings in the plates 24 and ears 41
on‘ the ?ange 2| and extend through openings in
theupper portions of the lever arms 44 to piv
otally support‘the levers 43. Transverse webs 48 25
extend between and connect the two arms 44' of
each lever 43.‘ Slots or openings 49 are provided
in‘thevpla-te 36 and the guides 4| to freely pass
the ?ngers 45 so that the ?ngers may cooperate
with theitoweling and enter the openings 33 in 30
the toweling. " Each lever 43 has an upper rear
wardly projecting arm 50. The arms 50 are of
sul?cient weight to pivot or tend to pivot the
levers '43 to move .their ?ngers 45 forwardly
against-the‘ toweling T and through the open
ings 33.
'
-
.
35
.
¢-~When‘the parts are in their normal positions
as" illustrated in‘Fig. 3 of the drawings the ?n
gers ‘45"extend through the openings or slots 49
at- the‘lower edge of the strip of toweling T di
rectly in the path of the toweling. Operative
connections are provided between the element l2
and the'levers 43 whereby the ?ngers 45 are re
tracted from the ‘openings 49 when the user en
may be a substantially rectangular plate 33 pro
gages‘ the toweling T through the opening 29 45
andpushes'or pivots the element |2 inwardly.
vided at its lower end with an opening 31 to op
pose or register with the opening 39 in the front
of the case. The opening 31 is preferably of ‘the
The operative connections between the element l2
and the levers 43 include bell cranks positioned
at the outer sides of the plates 24 and pivotally
same size and shape as the opening 30.‘ The
plate 36 is pivotally supported at its lower end
by'pivot pins 38 and suitable brackets 39. Ver
tical or longitudinal spacers 40 are provided along
the opposite edge portions of the plate 36 and
comparatively wide guides 4| are carried by the
spacers 4B. The guides 4| are in ‘sp'acedzparallel
relation to the plate 36 and provide channelsfor
guiding the opposite longitudinal edge portions
of the toweling T. A rolled edge portion-or guide
60 42 is provided on the upper end of the element |2
to guide and change the direction of movement of
the toweling'T. The toweling )T'is brought up-‘
wardly from the forward face of the supply roll
I land is'trained over the guide 42 to pass down
wardly across the forward face of the plate 36.
mounted on the back | 5 at 5|. Each of these
bell cranks has a forwardly projecting lower arm
52 and an upwardly projecting arm 53. Links 54
connect the upper bell crank arms 53 with the ele
ment l2. vPivot pins 55 may pivotally connect
the rear ends‘of the links 54 with the arms 53 55
while pivotj'pins56 may pivotally connect the
forward v'ends‘ofthe links with the upper end
portion ‘of the element |2. The lower forwardly
projecting arms 52' of the bell cranks are of suf?
cient weight to normally hold the element l2 in 60
its normal position ilustrated in Fig. 3 of the
drawings" and operate through gravity to return
the element to this position upon the bell cranks
being released for return movement, as will be
hereinafter described. Laterally projecting lugs
The'guides 4| operate to hold the toweling T in v5‘| are iprovided?on the lever arms 50 to be en
its proper position against or adjacent the front
of the plate 33 and guide it for removal ‘through
gageable by" the bell crank arms 52. Upon a per
son pushing on the toweling T through the open
the-opening 35. The pivoted towel guiding and ing 29 the element I2 is pivoted inwardly causing
carrying element l2 may be moved or pivoted
inwardly by pushing on the toweling T through
the opening 29 to release the means l3.‘ ~The ele
ment |2 may be pivoted inwardly in this manner
until the plate 36 contacts the forward ‘edge por
\ tions 28 of the plates 24'.
~ 4
'
the bell crank arms 52 to pivot upwardly and the
engagement of the arms with the lugs 5‘! causes
the levers 43 to pivot in a direction to withdraw
the ?ngers 45 rearwa'rdly out of the path of
downward movement'of the toweling to the open
ing".
~"
'
15
openl-ngs'in the latch arms 68 to aid in pivotally
supporting the levers B4. Springs 69 are con
1 The means 13 includes a door or shutter 5:8 for
normally preventing the user from engaging- the
lower edge portion of the toweling T at the open
ing 30. The shutter 58 is guided for vvertical move.
, ment by slots or grooves 59 in the ?ange 32.
nected with the latch arms 68 to normally urge
the ?ngers 66 forwardly into the path of down
ward travel of the-toweling T. A rearwardly pro
looting-latch nose or lug i0 is provided on each
arm 68. Lateral lugs ‘H are provided on the
forward end portions of ‘the bell crank arms 52
For
wardly pro-jecting'iingersv 60 are provided on the
outer ends of the bell crank arms 52to carry the
shutter 58. The upper end of the shutter 58 is
to cooperate with the latch lugs 15 when the ele
suitably pivotally connected with the ?ngers ‘60 as
at El.
ment 1-2 is pushed inwardly as described above. 10
It will be understood that when the ele
The springs 69 yield to allow the lugs ‘H to snap
ment i2 is pushed inwardly as described above
or pass. over the latch lugs ‘iii to positions where
the latch lugs hold the bell cranks in their up
the shutter 58 is raised upwardly out of the open.
ing 30 simultaneously with the retraction of the
?ngers 45 from the path of the toweling T so
:2 and pulls the toweling T downwardly from the
positions and the element [2 in its innermost po-,
sition. Fig. 4 of the drawings illustrates the lugs
‘H cooperating with the latch lugs ‘Hi to releasably
hold the element i2 in its inner position and the
bell cranks in their upper positions. With the
parts in the positions illustrated in Fig. 4 of the
case If} the heavy arms 52 of the bell cranks re
turn the element to its normal position and allow
the arms 50 to operate through gravity to. urge
jecting portion of the toweling T to withdraw the
15 that the user may readily engage the lower edge
portion of the toweling T and pull it downwardly
to withdraw a length of toweling. When the user
removes the inward pressure from the element
drawings the user may remove the inward pres
sure on the element 12 and engage the lower pro
1.5. .
20
toweling from» the case. It will be seen from this
that the user is only required to employ one hand
the ?ngers 45 forwardly against the downwardly
moving toweling so that the ?ngers are urged
25 to enter the openings 33‘ at the upper end of the
in releasing the control and withdrawing the 25
towel T;
portion of toweling being withdrawn. The ?n
gers 45 thus operate to limit or stop the with
The shutter 58 is held in its up or
inoperative position at this time allowing the
ready engagement of the toweling at the opening
30. The ?ngers 66 normally projecting into ‘the
path of downward movement of the toweling T
are engaged by the toweling and forced inwardly
asthe user pulls the toweling downwardly. This
drawal of toweling from the case l0 and the user
may then cut or tear free the withdrawn portion
30 of toweling by subjecting it to a downward pull.
Means may be provided in connection with the
levers 43 to insure the straight horizontal or
transverse tearing of the paper toweling. Trans
inward movement of the ?ngers 66 causes for
ward swinging of the latch arms 68 and disen
gagement of the latch lugs 15 from the lugs'H 35
The heavy lower arms 52 of thebell cranks then
verse members 63 areattached t0 the webs, 41B and
project forwardly so that their forward edges
engage the inner side of the toweling when the
oausethe bell cranks .to return to their normal
?ngers 45 project through the openings »33.
Openings or slots 63a are provided in the plate 36 ‘ positions to move the element i2 to its substan
tially vertical position.
to freely pass the forward portions of the. mem
4.0 bers 63. The forward edges of the members 63
may be suitably serrated or sharpened and en
gage the, toweling at or adjacent the slits or cuts
34. The horizontal sharpened edges of the mem
The ?ngers 6.6 are urged forwardly and main
40
tained in engagement with vthe toweling T by the
springs 69v and: the means i4 operates through
this engagement to prevent a second or repeated
bers 53 bearing outwardly against the ‘toweling. T
45,. cause the toweling to be cut or torn free along,
horizontal lines between the spaced cuts 3! and
between the outer openings 3.3 and the opposite;
longitudinal edges of the toweling.
The means i4 isv provided to prevent a second
or repeated release of the means l3. before the
withdrawn portion of toweling 'I‘ is cut- or torn
free. The means I4 is in the nature-of an inter
lock or latch means which is released by tearing
or cutting free the withdrawn portion of toweling
to free the means l3 for further operation. The
means i4 includes a latching or interlocking lever
release of the means Hi. The means i4 latches
or holds the element l2 against inward move 45
ment until. the withdrawn portion of the'towel
ing. is cut or torn free. Latches 12 are pivotally
supported on the pins 45 to depend or hang ad
jacent the outer sides of the levers 64. The
latches. 1-2 are connected with the lever arms 68
to move therewith and to have limited movement
withvv respect thereto. Stops 13 on the arms 68
are engageable by lugs 14 on the latches 12 to
limit the rearward movement of the latches with
respect t0v the arms. Springs 16 are arranged 55
under compression between lugs 15 on the latches
l2. and the webs 6.1a tourge the latches rearward
levers 64 are controlled or actuated through their V ly with respect to the lever arms. Lateral lugs
11- are- provided on the forward end portions of
cooperation with the toweling T and each in
the
bell crank arms 52 to cooperate with latch 60.
cludes
a
downwardly
projecting
arm
35»
provided
60
at its lower end with a downwardly and forwardly projections ‘I8v on the latches T2. The latch pro_
inclined ?nger 6B. Openings or slots. Gil: are jections'lBv have inclined upper edges engageable
provided in the plate 36 and the guides.“ to. pass by the lugs 11 when the bell crank arms 52 are
freed for downward swinging.
the ?ngers 66 with suitable clearance. The ?n
Upon. the disengagement of the latch lugs ‘10 65.
05 gers 66 project below the'?ngers 4.5.and‘ theirriorw
ward. ends are rounded to properly cooperate withv from the,- lugs H- the lugs 11 move-into engage
the toweling T as it is being withdrawn through ment with the inclined edges of the lugs 18 to
64 pivotally supported on each pivot pin 46.. The.
the opening 35.
.
The lever arms 65. in the particular structure
70 illustrated in the drawings are spaced some’ dis
tance inwardly from the plates N and webs 67°L
extend from the lever arms to points beyond the
plates 24. Upwardly projecting latch arms 68 are
provided on the webs 61*- at the outer sides of the
plates 24. The pivot pins 46 extend through‘
pivot the latches 12‘ forwardly.
In this manner '
the lugs H are latched under the latch lugs ‘E8
in; the ‘positions illustrated in Fig. 5 of the draw 70
ings. With the parts in this position the bell
crank arms 52 are latched in positions where
the- element I2 is held against movement and
thelatches- 12- and the ?ngers 66 are-held against
any appreciably rearward movement. ‘The lugs 75
2,107,790
"cooperate with the lugs v‘l1 to prevent the in‘
ward movement of the element l2 and upward
5 .
l3. The cooperation of the lugs 11 and ‘I8 posi
tively prevents the inward movement of the ele
ment l2 and thus prevents the retraction of the
?ngers 45 and the upward movement of the
movement of the shutter 58 so that the user is
unable to release the control for the second time.
Accordingly the user in order to obtain another’ shutter 58. When the user tears or cuts free
the withdrawn portion of toweling T the ?ngers
?rst'portion which-he has withdrawn from the 66 are again free to swing forwardly under the
case Hi. When the'withdrawnportion of towel
action of the springs 69 so that the lugs 18 of
ing is torn free at theopenings 33 and cuts 34 the the latches 12 are freed from the lugs 11. The
fingers 66 are free to move forwardly under the control C is then conditioned or reset for fur
v10
action of the springs 69. This forward move
ther release or actuation.
ment of the levers 64 disengages the latch lugs
'I'he towel cabinet provided by this invention
18 from the lugs 11. With the latch lugs 18 dis
is substantially tamper proof and requires that
"enga'ged from the lugs ‘ll the means l3 of the
user tear or out free the portion of toweling
~15 "control C may again be released by» pressing in the
T which he has withdrawn from the case, in
,wardly on the element l2 through the medium order to obtain a second length of toweling. The
of the papertoweling exposed at the opening 29. amount‘ of toweling T obtainable from the case
When the mechanism of the towel cabinet lil at one operation is limited or determined by
''is in its normal, condition the parts are, in the the‘spacing of the series of openings 33. The
20 positions illustrated in Figs. 1 and 30f the draw- cooperation of the ?ngers 45 with the openings
ings and the lower edge of the strip of toweling T 33 positively limits the extent of withdrawal of
is ator adjacent the ?ngers 45; The shutter 58 the toweling T at each operation. The means M
i» normally conceals and protects the lower edge is such that the element l2 cannot be improperly
I/port‘ion of thestrip of towelingv T against en
operated and retains the shutter 58 in the posi
25 gagement by the user. To operate the I towel
tion where the toweling above the ?ngers 45 is
"cabinet the user pushes or presses inwardly on protected against engagement by the user. The
_the element l2. through theimedium of the towel
device may be easily operated to obtain the nec
ing T engageable through the opening 29. This essary toweling without engaging any metal or
inward movement of the element‘ 12 swings the mechanical parts. The control C is released by
30 bell crank arms- 52. upwardly, which upward
pressing inwardly on the toweling T accessible 30
i _ movement of the bell crank arms is accompanied through the opening 29. This operation exposes
by upward-movement of the shutter 58 and in
the lower edge portion of the toweling T which
_ “Ward retraction of the ?ngers 45 outof the path may then beengaged to withdraw the length of
of ‘adownward movement of the toweling T. The toweling from the'case.v The toweling that is
35
‘ ‘portion or length of toweling must tear free the
tugs-1n cooperate with the latch lugs ‘ID to latch
the ‘bell crank arms 52 in their up positions
engaged by the user through the opening 29
Withdrawn for his own use. The supply ll
toweling T is properly supported in the case
and the toweling is fed through the control
where the ?ngers 45 are‘retracted and the’ shut
ter“ is withdrawn from the opening 30. This
is 'ER
of
I0
C
exposes the lower edge portion'of the strip of without theemployment of gear means or a mu]
‘toweling T for engagement through the opening tiplicity of rollers.
.40
30. and theus'er may remove the pressure from
This application relates to devices of the gen~
the element 12 and pull downwardly on the ex- » eral character described and claimed in the
~ posed lower portion of the toweling. 'As the
' United States Letters Patent Number 2,067,760,
shutter 58 isi'automatically' latched in its up. granted to me January 12, 1937, on an applica
position the user may’ grasp the lower portion of tion ?led October 15, 1934, and to devices of the
2T1” the toweling .T with the hand he employed to general character described and claimed in my co 45
l 451
press:v the elementv ‘I 2 inwardly. '
- . As the toweling T is drawn or pulled downward
‘pending application Serial Number 746,983, ?led
October 5, 1934., In the devices which are the
subject ‘matters of said Letters Patent and said
copending application the control elements, mov 50
lyithrough the ‘opening 135 it engages the ?n
' gers 66 and moves them inwardly against the
action of the ‘springs 69. This inward move
, able through manual manipulation of the mate
ment of the ?ngers 68 results in disengagement n rial being dispensed, are rotatable elements.
of the latch lugs"!!! from'the lugs ‘H. "with the 7 Having described only a typical preferred form
disengagement of thelugs 18 and ‘H the heavy
lowerarms 52 of the bell cranks pivot down
and application of my invention, I do not wish to
be limited or restricted to the speci?c form and V55
wardly tofreturn the element l2 and the shutter
58‘to their normalpositions.‘ During-the down
application herein set forth,.but wish to reserve
to myself any modi?cations or variations that
may appear to those skilled in the art or fall
ward pivoting of the bell crank arms 52' the'lugs
' 7‘! become latched under the latch lugs 18 as 11
within the scope of the following claims.
Having described my invention, I claim:
lustrated in Fig. 5 of ‘the drawings. The toweling
T may be freely withdrawn or pulled downward
lylunt'il a series of openings ‘33 is brought oppo
sitelthleir?ngers 45, whereupon the ?ngers 45 pass
60
1. A towel cabinet including a case for housing
a supply of toweling, the case having an opening
through which thetoweling may be withdrawn
and having arsecond opening exposing a portion
‘ "into the ‘openings to stop the downward move
ment of the toweling. ' The weighted, or heavy le
' of the toweling extending from the supply to the
?rst mention-ed opening," and means controlling
enter the'iopenings 33. The projected orwith~ the withdrawal of toweling from the case in
' . drawn portion of ‘the toweling T‘may then be torn cluding a movable element in the case facing the
or cut free by pulling downwardly on it to. cause second opening at the inner side of said portion
Yer-arms 50 urge the ?ngers ,45 forwardly to
partingpr tearing of the papertoweling between
the. cuts .34, and between the ends of the outer
. ‘ eutsgana the longitudinal, edges of the toweling.
' 1'I'he‘means l4 makesit necessary for the user to
tearor‘vcut, free thewithdrawn portion of the
toweling vT'before he can again release the means
of toweling and bodily movable inwardly by
manually acting on the portion of toweling ac~
cessible through the second opening.
'
2. A device of the character described includ"
ing a case having two openings, means for car
rying a supply of sheet material for removal from
75
9,107,790
6
one of said openings, and means for controlling
the withdrawal of the material from the case
including means in the case for preventing with
drawal of the material, and an element directly
facing the other, opening at the inner side of the
material extending from the supply and depres
sibl-e through the medium of the material acces
sible through the second opening to release the
lastrmentioned means.
I
3. A device of the character described includ
ing a case ior‘housing a supply of ‘sheet material
and having an opening, a movable plate in the
case facing the opening, means for guiding the
material between the opening and the plate, the
15 plate being movable by pressing against the ma
10
terial accessible through the opening, and means
for vcontrolling the withdrawal of the, material
from the case governed by movement of the plate.
position where the toweling is engage'able at the
second
opening.
'
'
"
-
'
-
8. A towel cabinet including aoase for hold
ing a supply. of toweling, the vcase havingan
opening through which the toweling may be with
drawn and having a second opening, a shutter
normally closing the ?rst opening against the
engagement of the toweling therein, a ‘member
normally in the path of withdrawal of the towel
ing 'to prevent ‘its withdrawal, a movable ele 10
ment in the case operatively connected with the
shutter and member, and means training the
toweling over the element to‘be engageable by
the-user through the second opening to move
the element for the purpose of retracting the 15
shutter and member.
_
.
v
' 9. A towel cabinet includinga case for hold
ing a supply of toweling, the = case having an
opening through which the toweling may be
withdrawn
and having farseoond opening, re 20
20 a supply of'toweling, the case having an open- 1 leasable means preventing ‘withdrawal of the
ing, means normally preventing withdrawal of
a movable’ plate member within the
the toweling from the case, an element pivoted toweling,
case adjacent the vsecond openingand operative
4. A towel cabinet including a case for housing
. in the case to be swung inwardly therein to re
lease said means, means training the toweling
25 over the element at the rear of the opening
whereby the toweling on‘ the element may be
engaged by the user through the opening for mov
ing the element inwardly, and means governed
by cooperation with the toweling for preventing
30 ‘actuation of the element and releasable by tear
ing free a withdrawn portion of the toweling.
‘ 5. A towel cabinet including a case having an
opening, a'supply of strip paper'towel material
in the case having longitudinally spaced open
1y connected with said means, and'meanstrain- ’
ing the toweling over the plate member. to'be 25
accessible and engageable by the user'through
the'second opening to move the plate member
to
release said means.
~
' ‘
'
>
10. A towel cabinet including a case for hold—'
ing a supply of toweling, the case having an 30
opening through which the towelingwmayebe
withdrawn and ‘having .a second'opiening,» ref
leasable means normally preventing withdrawal
of the toweling,.a member in the case positioned
at the second opening and supported for inward 35
35 ings, and a control for governing the withdrawal movement, an operative connection between the
of the material from the case including a mem
member and said means, andmeans training the
ber adapted to cooperam with the openings to toweling across the 'face of the member .to be
limit the withdrawal of the material, an element accessible through the second opening for-in
supported in the case for bodily inward move
ward manual pressure to move the member in 140
40 ment therein to shift the member to an inactive
wardly to release saidmeans.
_ . '
position, and means guiding a portion‘ of the ma
l1. Adevice or»; the character described in
terial to engage asurface of the element and to eluding apcase forwhousing a supply- ofv sheet a
be accessible through said opening by the user of , materia1,-a wall of the case having an opening,
the cabinet to move the element.
a control element carried’ by the case for swing
45
' 6. A'towel cabinet including a case, a supply of
ing movement toward and away from said wall
paper towelingmaterial in'the case having lon
gitudinally spaced openings, and a control for
of the case,’ means guiding the material across
the element at the inner side of» the opening
governing the withdrawal of the material from
whereby the material is accessible through the
opening to_ niove the element, and Vmeans con
erate with the openings to limit the withdrawal trolling‘ the withdrawal of material from the
of the material, means normally urging the case governed by movement of the element.
12. A towel cabinet including a case for hous
member to an active position to cooperate with
ing a supply of toweling, the case having an
openings, a plate supported by the case for move
the case including a member adapted to coop
ment by the user of the cabinet to shift the mem
ber to an inactive position, and means governed
by cooperation with the material for holding the
through whichvthe toweling is accessible, a shut
member in said inactive position releasable on
withdrawal of the material, ‘the last mentioned
ter normally preventing such engagement of‘the
to means including a control part engaged and
moved by the toweling when the same is with;
drawn.
'7. A towel cabinet including a case for a
supply of toweling, the case having a ?rst open
ing, through which a portion of toweling ‘is ac
cessible for engagement by the user, and a sec
ond opening through which the toweling may
be‘ engaged for withdrawal, a shutter normally
preventing engagement of the toweling at the
. v70
75
opening through which the toweling is engage
‘able for withdrawal and a second opening
toweling at the'?rst mentioned opening, means ‘
governing the withdrawal of the toweling from
to
the case, and a member within the case manually
movable through the medium of the toweling ac
cessible through said second opening'to shift"
the shutter to a position where the toweling is
engageable and to'release said means. ‘
. 13.‘A towel cabinet including a case, a supply
of toweling material in the case having longi
tudinally, spaced openings, and_a;contro1 for
governing the withdrawal of the material from
the case including a member adapted to enter a
the openings to limit the withdrawal of the ma
element operatively connected with the shutter ' terial, and an element in the case operatively
connected with the member and bodily manually
and control movable by acting on the portion of
second opening, a vcontrol ‘governing the with
drawal of the toweling from the case, and an
toweling ‘accessible ‘through the first opening to
release the control and shift the shutter '00 a
movable through the medium of thematerialto
retract the member.
'
t
-
>
'
‘it
7
2,107,790
‘ 14. In a towel cabinet of the character de
scribed, ‘a case having an opening, a continuous
supply of paper toweling material in the case pro
" vided with longitudinally spaced series of open
ings, the material being adapted to be with
drawn through the opening, means trainingthe
toweling to make a portion thereof engageable
by the user, a mechanism in the case for con
trolling the withdrawal of the material including
10 parts adapted to enter the openings to limit, the
withdrawal of thematerial, and a manual con
trol for retracting said parts comprising a con
trol element behind said portion of the towel
'15
‘ ing bodily movable by manual pressure on the
said portion of toweling and operatively con
nected with said ‘parts. .
l 15. Av towel cabinet including a case for a sup~
plying of toweling, the case having a ?rst opening
I ' and asecond opening through which the towel
ing may be engaged for withdrawal, a shutter
normally preventing engagement of the toweling
at the second opening, a control governing the
withdrawal of the toweling from. the case, the
control including a part for engaging the towel
ing to limit its withdrawal, a-movable element in
the case operatively connected‘ with. thev shutter
andsaid part, an element in the case at the rear
‘of the ?rst opening movable to release said part
and r. to shift the shutter, means training the
30 toweling over the forward face of the element
whereby the element is movable by acting on the
. toweling accessible through the ?rst opening to
release said part and shift the. shutter to a posi
" tion where the toweling may be engaged for with
drawal,‘ and means governed by cooperation with
[the toweling holding the part released and the
~' shutter in said position and released upon re
moval of the toweling.
16. A towel cabinet for dispensing sheet towel
40 material having openings including a case for
housing a supply of the material and having an
opening through which the materialimay be
and an operative connection between said ele
ment and the releasable means.
, 18. A towel cabinet including a case for hous
ing a supply of toweling and having an opening,
releasable means for preventing withdrawal of 5
toweling from the case, an element supported in
the case to- swing inwardly therein, means guid
ing the material across the element to be man
ually engageable through said opening for the
direct transmission of manual inward pressure 10
and movement to the element, and an operative
connection between the element and the ?rst
mentioned means whereby said movement of the
element releases the ?rst mentioned means.
19. A towel cabinet including a case, a sup-7 15
ply of paper toweling material in the case having
longitudinally spaced openings, and a control
for governing the withdrawal of the material
from the case including a member adapted to
cooperate with the openings to limit the with 20
drawal of the material, means normally urging
the member to an active position to cooperate
‘with openings, an element supported by the case
for movement by the user of the cabinet to shift
the member to an inactive position, releasable 25
means for latching the element in its actuated
position and the member in'its inactive posi
tion, and a part engaged and moved by the towel
ing to release the last mentioned means when the
toweling is withdrawn from the case.
30
20. A towel cabinet including a case for hous
ing a supply of toweling, the case having an ac
cess opening and an opening through which the
material is engageable for withdrawal, and
means governing the withdrawal of toweling from 35
the case including a shutter normally extending
across the second mentioned opening to prevent
the user from engaging the toweling, an element
operatively connected with the shutter and sup
ported by the case for movement, means train
ing the toweling on the element to have a por
tion accessible to the user through the access
withdrawn, releasable means .i’o'r limiting the
opening to move the element and thereby shift
withdrawal of the material from the case» in- c the shutter to a position where the material may
46, cluding parts adapted to penetrate openings in be engaged through said second mentioned
the'material to thereby stop movement of the ' opening, and means engageable by the toweling
material, a manually movable plate member op
for holding the shutter in the last named posi
erable to retract the parts to permit further tion and releasable on removal of the toweling.
withdrawal of the material, and means training
21. A towel cabinet for dispensing sheet towel
the material on the plate member to be manual
material having openings including a case for
ly engaged for the ‘operation of the member.
housing a supply of the material and having an
17. A towel cabinet including a case for hous
opening through which the material may be
‘ ing a supply of toweling and having van opening,
withdrawn, and releasable means for limiting
releasable means for preventing withdrawal of the withdrawal of the material from the case in
toweling from the case, and‘ means for releasing cluding a member adapted to penetrate an open
said’ means including an element carrying a por 7 ing in the material to thereby stop movement of
tion‘ of toweling; means supporting the element the material, and an element bodily manually
for movement bodily inwardly in the case where
said portion of toweling is manually engageable
throughfsaid opening toj'directly transmit in~v
wardmanual force and movement to the element,
movable through the medium‘ of the material to
retract the member.‘
>
LEO M. HARVEY.
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