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Патент USA US2107940

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Feb. 8, 1938.
c. HED‘STROM, JR
BABY CARRI‘AGE AND HOOD THEREFOR
Filed. June 20, 1936
2,107,940
Patented Feb. 8, 1938
2,107,940
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,107,940
BABY CARRIAGE AND HOOD THEREFOR
Carl Hedstrom, Jr., Gardner, Mass, assignor to
Hedstrom-Union Company, Gardner, Mass” a
corporation of Massachusetts
Application June 20, 1936, Serial No. 86,300
5 Claims. (Cl. 296—110)
This invention relates to baby carriages, doll
cabs and the like, and to the hoods that are
hinged to the bodies thereof.
A baby carriage is commonly provided with a
5 hood that is hinged to the body of the carriage
so that it can rest upon the top part of the body
at either end thereof. The hoods are commonly
wider than the body and hence outstand beyond
or overhang the body. The hinge and hood con
struction also is usually such as to necessitate
this arrangement.
The present tendency of baby carriage design
is towards so-called “stream-lining” wherein the
body is given smooth ?owing lines and wherein
15 sharp breaks in the lines are objectionable.
An object of the present invention is the pro~
vision of a baby carriage having a hood wherein
the overhanging of the hood with respect to the
body is eliminated and wherein the line ‘of the
hood merges with or is a continuation of the line
of. the body without an abrupt break at the
junction of the two.
A further object of the invention is the pro
vision of a baby carriage having a hood that is
25 pivotally connected with the body of the car
riage in such a way that the curved end of the
hood can rest upon the top of the body with the
sides of the hood substantially flush with the
sides of the body.
A yet further object of the invention is the
provision of a baby carriage having a hood that
is pivotally connected with the body in such a
way that the hood can be reversed in its position
upon the body to rest either upon the front or
the rear part of the body and in either position
to be substantially ?ush with the sides of the
body.
Another object of the present invention is the
provision of a hood hinge so constructed as to
permit the hood to rest upon the top of the body
of the carriage with the sides of the hood sub
stantially flush with the sides of the body.
A further object of the invention is a hood and
hinge construction wherein the hood fabric can
45 be extended completely to the corners of the
hood, thereby to eliminate the triangular open
ings and exposed bows of the present usual con
struction.
A yet further object is generally to improve the
construction of baby carriages and hoods there
for.
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a baby carriage
or doll cab embodying the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of. the baby carriage of
55 Fig. 1, taken along line 2—2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional detail taken
along line 3—3 of Fig. 2, and illustrating par
ticularly the hood connection between the hinge
and the body.
Fig. 4 is a section taken along line 4—4 of
Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the
hinges.
'
The baby carriage or doll cab embodying the
present invention comprises the body l0 mounted 10
on the running gear l2 and having the pusher
handle 14. The body I0 can be of any suitable
or desirable con?guration preferably having
smooth or stream lined contours. The open top
of the body is formed by an elliptical frame 15
member Hi to which the reed side wall fabric 18
is secured. The body has other frame members
20, see Fig. 2, which are secured to the top frame
member l6 and are suitably curved to maintain
the fabric side walls in the desired con?guration 20
and to receive the running gear.
The body is provided with a hood 22. Said
hood is composed of wooden end bows 24 and 26,
the ends of, the how 24 being provided with re
duced extensions 28 which are ?xed in holes in
the ends of the bow 2D to secure the two bows
in the proper angular relation. A woven reed
fabric 39 is attached to the bows.
In accordance with the present invention the
spacing between the legs- of the bows is substan
tially equal to the spacing between the side por
tions of the body frame member l6 and the
curvature of the bows also conforms substantially
to the curvature of the end parts of the body
member [5. The hood is intended to rest upon
the body frame member, in vertical alignment
therewith, without overhanging the body so that
the sides of the hood are substantially flush with
the sides of the body, as is illustrated particu
larly in Fig. 4.
40
The hood is also reversible so that it can rest
upon either end portion of the body, at will.
Also in accordance with this invention hinge
members are provided which pivotally connect the.
hood with the body in such a manner as to permit
the hood to rest upon either end of the body and
also to permit a hood construction wherein, the -
sides of the hood can be substantially flush with
the sides of the body. One of the hinge members
is illustrated in Fig. 2. Two hinge members iden
tical in construction except that they are rights!
and lofts are employed, the hinge members being
secured to the corners of the hood where the
bows are-joined.
Each hinge member comprises a ?at plate 32 55
2
2,107,940
which is somewhat wider than the thickness of
the bows 24 and 26 and underlies one of the
ends of the bow 24 and also the cooperating end
of the bow 26 and is secured to the bow 24 by
screws 34. The plate 32 at the outer side thereof
has an upwardly reflexed plate portion 36 which
overlies the hood fabric 22 at the corner of the
hood. The plate 36 is preferably given an orna
mental stream line shape that can approximately
conform to the appearance of the frame 38 of the
hood window. The plate 36 serves to cover the
hood fabric at the corner and to conceal the
corner and improve the appearance thereof. The
can be and is carried completely to the corners,
thereby giving the hood a better and more ?n
ished appearance.
In the claims the expression “baby carriage”
is intended to include a doll cab 01' the like.
I claim:
1. A baby carriage comprising a body having a
top opening, a hood on said body having wooden
‘bows joined directly together at the corners of
the hood, a hood fabric on said bows, said fabric 10
overlying the corners of the hood, and hinge
members secured to said hood at the corners
thereof having arms located within said body
plate also provides enhanced rigidity to the flat
15 intermediate attaching plate 321.
The plate 32 at the side opposite the upstand
ing plate 36 is provided with a downwardly re
flexed arm 46 which extends forwardly of the
opening and having pivotal connections with said
body interiorly thereof, said hinge members also
having plates integral therewith which overlie
hood corner within and alongside of the body
20 frame member [6 and at its forward end is pro
vided with an aperture 42 through which a pivot
screw is passed. The pivot screw comprises es
2. A baby carriage comprising a body, a hood
on said body, hinge plates secured to one of the
end faces of said hood, said plates having inte
gral portions which overlie the outer faces of the
hood at the corners thereof, said plates also hav
ing integral arms which extend downwardly into
sentially an eye 44 having a threaded shank 48
which is passed loosely through the aperture 42
and is screwed into the body frame member I6,
thereby hingedly connecting the arm 46 with the
body. A washer 48 can be located on the shank
of the eye between the arm 40 and the frame
member It to provide a side bearing for the arm.
The construction of the hinge for the other
30
corner of the body is the same as has been above
described. With this arrangement the hood need
only be as wide as the body and can rest upon the
top edge of the body without overhanging it and
35 the sides of the hood can be flush with the sides of
the body. The arms 40 extend forwardly of the
ners.
the interior of the body and forwardly of the 25
hood, and means pivotally connecting the forward
parts of said arms with said body.
3. A baby carriage comprising a body having
an open top, a hood on the top of said body, hinge
means connecting said hood and body including 30
arms carried by said hood and extended into the
open top of said body, and screw eyes pivotally
connecting said arms with said body, said screw
eyes also constituting securing means for a body
cross-strap.
35
4. In a baby carriage construction, a hood for
the carriage body having hinge plates which over
hood corners to their pivots on the body sum
ciently far to permit the hood to rest either upon
the rear or front portions of the body as may be
desired. The dotted line position of the hood in
Fig. 1 illustrates the hood as resting upon the
front portion of the body. The pivot eyes 44 also
constitute means for securing a cross strap 56 to
lie and are secured to the end faces of one of the
hood bows at the corners of the hood, said plates
having right angularly related arms which extend 40
away from the hood generally parallel to the side
thereof and also extend forwardly of the hood and
are provided at their forward ends with pivot
the body, thereby dispensing with the necessity
openings, said plates also having right angularly
45 for other strap attaching means.
The above described arrangement also permits
the improved construction of hood here shown.
In previous carriages where the hood was such
that it stood out beyond the sides of the carriage,
the hood bows were ordinarily secured to metal
corner members that constituted parts of the
hinges. The hood fabric thereby had to be ter
minated short of the corner so that the hood was
open at the corner.
55
the outer faces of the hood fabric at the hood cor
The present construction is cheaper in that
the hood bows can extend to the corners and can
be secured directly together, thereby eliminating
the metal corner members. The hood fabric also
related plate portions which extend in the oppo
45
site direction from said arms and overlie the hood
sides at the corners thereof.
5. In a baby carriage construction, a hood
hinge comprising a flat plate adapted to be se
cured against an end face of the hood at a corner 50
thereof, said plate having a right angularly re
lated plate portion adapted to overlie the side of
the hood at the corner thereof, said plate on the
side opposite said plate portion having an oppo
sitely right angularly extended integral arm 55
which extends forwardly of the plate and has
therein a pivot pin opening.
CARL HEDSTROM, JR.
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