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Патент USA US2108396

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Feb. l5, 1938.
A. c. VAN ANTWERP
2,108,396
BUILDING TILE
Filed Dec. 24. 1956
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Patented Feb. 15, 1938
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UNITED STATES PATET
2,108,396
BUILDING TILE
Arthur C. Van Antwerp, Chicago, Ill., assignor to
Eastern Illinois Clay Company, St. Anne, Ill.,
a corporation of Illinois
Application December 24, 1936, Serial No. 117,424
‘7 Claims.
This invention relates to building tile for form
ing walls of buildings and other cellular struc
tures, and has for an important object the pro
vision of such a construction which will facilitate
5 the rigid attachment of grounds, trim members,
and other attachments, to the wall without the
usual attendant danger of splitting the blocks in
the wall or the mortar bonds between the blocks.
Another object of the invention is to provide
10 a device of this character which may be produced
with relatively simple molds and handled in
transportation without danger of excessive break
age.
Y
With these and other objects in view, which
will appear as the description proceeds, the in
vention resides in the combination and arrange
ment of parts, and in the details of construction
hereinafter described and claimed, it being under
stood that various changes in the precise embodi
20:~ ment of the invention herein disclosed may be
made within the scope of what is claimed, with
out departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view illustrating two
25
building blocks embodying the invention, said
blocks being assembled as in a wall structure and
having a trim member attached thereto; and
Fig. 2 is a plan section taken substantially on a
plane indicated by line 2--2 in Fig. 1. _
30
35
To illustrate the invention, I have shown ad~
jacent building blocks I I to which a trim member
I2 is secured by means of nails I3. It will be
understood that ground devices or other attach
ments could be similarly applied.
(Cl. 72h-41)
thus held against lateral displacement. The
width of the cavities i 8 narrows toward the point
I S as clearly illustrated in Fig. 2.
Walls may be constructed of the blocks II in
the usual manner with either mortar or dry joints, Ul
or alternate mortar and dry joints, but mortar
should be omitted from the joints into which nails
are to be driven for attachment of grounds or
trim members, such as base boards, picture mold
ings, chair rails or the like. The nails are driven 10
through the member to be attached >and into
the cavities Iâ! as illustrated and are thereby bent
to conform ‘to the shape of the cavity, being thus
clinched and prevented from unintended loosen
ing or pulling out.
15
When all blocks in a wall structure are formed
in accordance with this invention the cavities I3
are close together and may be readily located,
thus providing for the use of enough nails to hold
the attached member ñrmly in place.
20
It will be noted that with the above described
construction there is no tendency for the blocks
to crack or split when the nails' are driven into» the
cavities, as might occur if the cavities were located
elsewhere than between adjacent blocks. 4It will 25
be understood that all exposed cavities in a wall
may be closed with plaster or the like before iinal
finishing.
It is thought that the invention and many of
its attendant advantages will be understood from 30
the foregoing description, and it will be apparent
that various changes may be made in the form, v
construction and arrangement of the parts with
out departing from the spirit and scope of the
. The blocks II may be formed of tile or cement
invention, or sacrificing all of its material ad
or any other suitable material and may be formed
solid or cellular as shown and in accordance with
vantages, the construction hereinbefore described
being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
requirements. They may be either plain, as
shown, or scored for plastering, as may be desired.`
40
In accordance with this invention, surface por
tions I4, extending inwardly or away from edge
portions I5 of the blocks II, are irregularly or
sinuously formed, and companion surface por
tions I6 extending inwardly or away from edge
4 Ul portions I1 of the blocks I I, are similarly formed,
these surface portions I4 and I6 being formed
on the blocks Il in opposed relationship so that
when two of the~blocks II are placed end to end
in a wall structure the surface portions I4 and I6
00 will form a cavity IB, for receiving nails or other
attaching devices, as will be later described.
Said surface portions I4 and I6 of adjacent
blocks II converge toward an intermediate point
I9 at which the ends of the blocks, one of which is
5 convex and the other concave, interlock and are
What I regard as new and desire to secure by
Letters Patent is:
1. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks 40
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
between said blocks into which nails may be
driven to attach a base strip or other member to
a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be clinched
and held against unintended loosening or pulling
out.
'
'
2. Building tile comprising a plurality oi" ‘clocks
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
between said blocks on both sides thereof, into
_Which nails may be driven to attach a base strip
2
2,108,396
or other member to a wall constructed of such
tile, the form of such cavities or recesses causing
the nails to be clinched and held against unin
tended loosening or pulling out.
3. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
between said blocks into which nails may be
10 driven to attach a base strip or other member to
a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be clinched
and held against unintended loosening or pulling
out, the opposed ends of adjacent blocks being
15 formed to contact at a point substantially inward
ly from the mouth of the cavity and the latter
tapering from the outer face of the tile toward
said point.
4. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks
20 arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities o1' recesses
between said blocks into which nails may be
driven to attach a base strip or other member to
25 a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be clinched
and held againstJ unintended loosening or pulling
out, the opposed end portions of adjacent blocks
being formed for interlocking engagement to cen
30 ter and prevent lateral displacement of the blocks.
5. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
35 between said blocks into which nails may be
driven to attach a base strip or other member to
a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be
clinched and held against unintended loosening
40 or pulling out, the opposed end portions of ad
jacent blocks having, respectively, convex and
concave formations thereon to provide for inter
locking engagement for the purpose of centering
and preventing lateral displacement of the blocks.
6. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
between said blocks into which nails may be
driven to attach a base strip or other member to
a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be
clinched and held against unintended loosening
or pulling out, the opposed end portions of ad
jacent blocks having, respectively, convex and
concave formations thereon to provide for inter
locking engagement for the purpose of centering
and preventing lateral displacement of the blocks,
the point of such interlocking engagement being
substantially midway of the thickness of the
blocks.
20
7. Building tile comprising a plurality of blocks
arrangeable end to end, the end portions of ad
jacent blocks being of irregular formation and
cooperating to provide sinuous cavities or recesses
between said blocks into which nails may be
driven to attach a base strip or other member to
a wall constructed of such tile, the form of such
cavities or recesses causing the nails to be clinched
and held against unintended loosening or pulling
out, the opposed end portions of adjacent blocks 30
having, respectively, convex and concave for
mations thereon to provide for interlocking en
gagement for the purpose of centering and pre
venting lateral displacement of the blocks, the
p_oint of such interlocking engagement being sub 35
stantially midway of the thickness of the blocks,
and the nail-clinching cavities extending inwardly
from opposite sides of the tile toward said point
of engagement and gradually reducing in dimen
sion as they approach said point.
40
ARTHUR C. VAN ANTWERP.
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