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Патент USA US2108464

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Feb. 15, 1.938.
A. K, ANToNsl-:YN
Filed Dec. 28, 1955
4 Sheets-Sheet l
anM„M K.,
Feb. _15, 1938.
Filed Dec. 28, 1935
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
' Feb. 15, 1938.
2, 108,464
Filed Dec. 28, 1935
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
B V.
E? 75. Zeug
Feb. 15, 1938.4
i ~ A. K. ANjroNsEN
I Patented Feb. 15, 1938
' 2,108,464
UÑITED sTArrl-:s IaßiTElv-'r> ori-‘ICE -À
, 2,108,464
Anker x. Antonsen, Beloit, Wis., assigner to» _
Fairbanks, Morse & Co., Chicago, Ill., a corno;
ration of Illinois
Application December 28, 1935, Serial No. 56,439
(Cl. 264-3)
This invention relates to- improvements in en
gine governors, and _more particularly to speed re
sponsive control units adapted for use with in
vention, conside?ed'in connection with the ac
companying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is an end elevation of an engine, par
combustion engines, being peculiarlyA ticularly the governor end thereof, and the gov-A
.5 suited to engines of solid-injection types, such as ernor housing, drawn to a relatively reduced
scale, on which is shown a manual control lever
An object of the invention, generally stated, is
utilized to eifect'speed regulation ofthe engine
attained in a governor for the purpose noted, and
through the governor; Fig. 2 is a vertical sec
which 'is characterized by an improved degree
tional elevation throughthehousing appearing
in Fig. 1, and illustrating a governor assembly
of a design in accordance with the present inven
l0 of response to relatively smaller fluctuations in
engine speed, substantially throughout the pre
determined speed range through which the gov
tion; Fig. 3 isa generally vertical sectional ele
ernor is‘ required- to operate for regulation, for
example, Vof .the fuel supply of the associated en
15 gine.
An additional important object of the present
invention, when embodied ina centrifugal gov
ernor of a type in which the weights are opposed
by spring loading, is to provide a closely prede
20 termined variation of the effective spring rate, as
the yspring loading is varied to change the speed
setting of the governor and the engine with which
it is associated.
A further object of the invention is attained in
25 an improved governor assembly for use particu
larly on internal combustion engines and which
_ exhibits an improved degree of fuel supply regu
lation, Within the lower ranges of governor con
trolled speeds, and which possesses a consider
have been heretofore governor controlled only
Yet-another object of the invention _is attained
35 in an improved arrangement >oi' the operative
connections and control elements of the gover
nor'assembly, such as to minimize inertia effects
V and the usual veil’ects of friction at rest, hereto
fore operating'against a satisfactory response of
.40 the governor to minor fluctuations in engine
sembly of Fig. 2, and as viewed along line 4-4
thereof; Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional elevation
showing particularly the governor bracket, cen
trifugal elements, d_rive‘gear and fuel control
connection,` as viewed‘_along_line 5_5 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is a detail of portions of the connection
from the governor to a fuel control rod, as viewed
along line 6-6 of Fig.- 5; Fig. 7 is a fragmentary
sectional elevation of a portion of the connec
tion from the governor to the engine fuel con
trol organization, as viewed along line ‘l-l l'of
Fig. 5; Fig. 8 is a side elevation, showing certain
elements in section, of a fuel or injection pump
and drive therefor as adapted for _use with and
30 >ably improved nicety of regulation in the ranges
of speed through which solid injection engines
gered section indicated by line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a section taken transversely of the as
with difficulty.
vation of the assembly as viewed along the stag-v
control by the governor organization of the pre
ceding ñgures, and as viewed from-line 8-8 of>
Fig. 3; Fig. 9 is avertical dsectional'elevation of
portions of the assembly illustrating a. modified
arrangement of the. centrifugal elements and por
tions of the connection therefrom to one of the 35
'governor springs; Fig. 10 is a horizontal sectional
elevation -of the device appearing in Fig. 9, and
as -viewed along line _lil-l0 `tlriereof, and Fig. 11
is a fragmentary view illustrating further'details
ofthe modification shown by- g. 9, and as
viewed from line il--Ilv o_fv'Fig.-9.
Referring first to Fig. 2, the governor assembly '
A still further-object of the invention is at
tained in an improved arrangement of-governor ' is _convenientlylocated vadjacent to, and driven
springs, embodying at least two springs of dif-' by an engine shaft, such> as camshaft I5, to which
45 ferential loading, together with means for vary- 1 is keyed or' otherwise secured, a governor drive 45
gear I6, enmeshing with an angularly lrelated.
_ ing the loading of one, preferably the more
heavily loaded or main spring, in such a manner
-as to-‘attain through a. manual control element, a
variation of -the'effective spring rate and a. finer
governor gearil, the latter being shown as char
acterized by‘ teeth of a helical or related type to
permit the angular vdisposition of the gears as
50' degree of _regulation of governor spring loading, shown. 'I‘he assembly is' by preference, _disposed 50
than heretofore possible- withkconventional de- - within an enclosure .or housing,_formed in two
foregoingY and numerous _other objects will
_ more clearly appear fronî?the‘following detailed
55 description of preferred :embodiments of theclu
portions, the lower of which is characterized by
walls ‘20 which may b_e detachably carried 'by an
end portion 2i of the engine frame,~and may be
utilized as an oil reservoir-to permit of splash
2,108,464 ~
~ oiling the gears and other movable elements of
in a tubular guide or bushing 15, conveniently
threaded into and through the engine frame or
back wall of the governor case 2|, the threaded
connection being shown at 16 and including a jam
nut 11. 'I'he 4bushing 15 is characterized by a re
duced end'80 serving to receive and support a
spring 8|, which may for the present purpose be.
the assembly. The enclosure of the parts is com
pleted by an outer wall 22, and a removable cover
23, the latter seating on| and mating with the
portion 20 so as to form a substantially -oil-tight
and dust-proof housing for the movable governor
Within the housing 20 is a mounting bracket 24,
regarded as an auxiliary governor spring. This
element is preferably of compression type, and
2|, or other convenient anchorage. The bracket . has an outer abutment shown as a collar 82 se
24 is characterized by a substantially cylindrical cured as by cotter key 83, to the rod 1|.
portion closed at its outer end as by a plate 26
For‘purposes of connection to the engine fuel
assembled as a head to the-cylindrical portion, control organization, a suitable example of which
by screws 21. Projecting endwise from the cylin
is hereinafter described, there is shown an arm
15 drical portion of the bracket, is an arm 28, at the
85 (Fig. 5) apertured at one end for securement
outer end of which is a bearing portion 29 serving to the rod 1|, to which it is assembled as by nut 15
the purposes hereinafter described. The cylin
86. The opposite end of the arm 85 is furcated,
drical portion of the bracket 24 serves to hold a and the furcations thereof slotted as at 81 and
pair of spaced bearings, ’illustrated as of anti
20 friction, particularly ball type, and indicated at serve to.receive trunnions or projections 88 car
ried, for example, by an/injection pump co ol 20
32. These are shown as located to engage journal rod or rack 90, (Figs. `5 and 8).
secured as by stud bolts 25 to the engine frame
` portions 33 on a governor shaft 34, to which is
y secured the gear |1 so as to be driven thereby.
Although the operation of the governor and
associated elements as thus far described is
The shaft 34 is positioned against endwise ?nove
thought to be apparent from the description of
25 ment by a threaded collar 35, and projects be
parts and their assembly, it may be mentioned 25
for completeness that rotation o_f the gear I6
yond and outwardly of the cylindrical portion of
the bracket 24, to receive the gear" |1. The gear
|1, besides being a driven element, also serves as
during operation of the engine, imparts, in the
device disclosed, movement to gear I1 at a sub
a rotary pivot bracket for a pair of governor
stantially increased rate; thi’s gear being secured
to shaft 34 and the latter being positioned against 30
substantiallyV axial movement, rotation of the
weights 36 and 31, each of somewhat semi-cylin
drical form, and provided with ears 38 and 39
(Fig. 5), engaged by pivots 42 and 43- through
gear |1 carrying weights 36 and 31 will result in
which the weights are secured to the~gear |1.
Within the conñnes of the weights is located '
35 an antifriction, preferably bail type, bearing 44,
in the nature of a thrust bearing, the inner race
thereof occupying a reduced portion on one end
of a governor sleeve, later described, and the
outer ball race being engaged bycamming ele
40 ments respectively formed onor carried by the
weights, one thereof being shown at 48, associ
' ated with the weight 36.-
The ball bearing assembly shown at 44, rather
than being positioned directly on the shaft 34,
45 is carried by a reduced portion of an axially
movable but/non-rotatable sleeve 50, the outer
or left hand end (Fig. 2) of which’is reduced as at
5|, to receive and conform to a. cap,element 55
to which it is secured, the latter serving with
50 other elements as will appear, to translate the
axial movement of sleeve 50, to the spring mech
anism and to the engine fuel assembly or othery
» organization to'v be controlled.
their outward displacement under centrifugal in
ñuence. This movement of the weights results
in a. camming action of projections 48’ and 49 35
vagainst the ball bearing `assembly 44, in a manner
tending to displace the sleeve 50 to the left (Fig.
'2) and therewith the cap element 55 and the
forked ends of the bell crank lever 60-6|. This
control movement of the bell crank-lever will ,be
in a clockwise direction (Fig. 5) about the pivot
84, and as will appear from a comparison lof Figs.
5 and 6,“will result in a displacement of the rod
1| to the left (Fig. 6). against the loading of
spring BI. This endwise or reciprocal movement 45
of the rod 1| will result in a similar displacement
of the injection pump control rack or rod 90, in
a manner to governthe displacement of fuel>
through, for example, the fuel pump indicated
generally at 95. The pump 95 is of known type, 50
and forming of itself no part of the present in
ventio'n, need not be here described in- detail.
For completeness it may be noted that the cam
55 a pivot pin 58, freely movable about -its axisA shaft |5 serveslto carry pump cams 86 cooperat
ing with a roller 91 of a follower '98, the latter 55
through the bore therefor in the cap, and 'pro
pivoted on an eccentric |00 susceptible of
vided with projecting, reduced, flattened ends 51. being
'I'he latter extend -into and operatively engage the adjustment as' through an eccentric shaft |05.
opposite furcations _60, collectively constituting 'I'he pump proper 95 is characterized by a' pump.
body to which the numeral is applied, and a
60 ythe >shorter arm of a bell Àcrank lever, the op
posite o_r longer arm of whichsis indicated at 6|. mounting flange |06. 'I'he displacement element 60
Extending transversely through the cap 55 is
The furcations or arms 60 are slotted as at 62,
the flattened sides of the projections 51 of pin 56,
permitting‘these trunnion portions to enter and
65 work along the slots 62. The fbell crank lever is
provided with a fixed pivot 64, mounted in the
end portion indicated generally at 29, of the gov
ernor bracket 24.
The longer arm 6| of the bell crank lever
70 60-6l is provided with a projection or pin 68
(Fig. 6), characterized by ‘an enlargement 69
which 'mayç' if desired, consist of a roller on the
or plunger of the pump is actuated as by a roller '
|09 carried outwardly of the pump body, either
by the plunger or the plunger-following member
||0. A fuel discharge or injection tube ‘is shínwn`
at |||, through which in a well known manner,
the fugl is delivered to an injector vin one of the
cylinders of the engine. .
' 4 »Y
In the arrangement of parts and 4operation of
the device as thus far described, it is preferred
that the sleeve 50 andthe -cap structure 55, which 70
are preferably secured together, be non-rotatable,
and to the end of providing positively against'
pin 68. The portion 69 occupies a lateral recess '
their-rotation, the cap structure: is provided with
10 in a reciprocally'movable control rod or mem
76 ber 1 I, this rod element being guidedly positioned
a projection or pin |16 (Fig. 7) engaging a slotted
-guide |,|6 therefor in thebqody of ~thve bell crank 75
2,108,464 _
lever 60--6|,` and -so precludes the cap and sleeve the bore of part |5|, The inner end of the shank
from rotation with the shaft 34.
' '
|53 projects beyond the oiîset portion toward the
It will be understood that the parts thus far front wall of the case, where it abuts a bevelled
' described represent a completely operative/organ-l clamping surface |54. It will be obvious from this
5 ization, except for a provision of> control of the arrangement that after the manual control arm
speed setting or range in which the governer‘con
|46 is disposed in its desired setting, threading up
trol is desired. Otherwise expressed, the spring of they shank |53 will effect a frictional secure
0| will, if of adequate loading, serve so‘to oppose ment-"of the arm |46, in its adjusted position.
the centrifugal effect of the weightelements of . Itis- contemplated, as will appear from Fig. 1,
the governorthat the assembly will function as a that the arm |46 be movable through a range sáy
single spring unit, but without provision for ‘ of 90 degrees, and that suitable indicia |55--`|56
changing the springloading and hence the speed be provided to indicate to the operatorthe effect
, setting of the assembly.
In connection with the mechanism añording a
speed regulation of - theA governor through varia
_tion of its spring loading, there 'is provided in- the
portion 29 of the bracket >24, a pair of horizontal
resulting from the various control placements of
the arm.
bearing pin apertures |20, through which extends
The inner _end of shaft |42 is provided with an -
a lever fulcrum pin |2|,vand on which is jour
angular adjustable crank or lever |60, including
a. split clamping portion |6| serving with a screw 20
|62 to enable a tight frictional securement of e
nalled, preferably through antifriction _bearings
and by further preference, through a needle type
bearing |22, a lever indicated generally at |23.
» 'I'he lever is accordingly'movable about the pin
of movement of the control arm |46 to different
positions. This indicia 'may obviously take the
form of numerical indications of engine speed
'1|2| asa fixed axis. The lever> |23 is preferably
element |60 to the shaft |42. Pivotally conÑníèîzrt
ed, as through a pin |64 to the element |60 is a
link |65, the opposite end o_f which is pivotally
of U shaped or channel section, being character-` connected as through avpin |66, to an adjustable
ized by longitudinal ñanges |24, and provided
through a. zone inwardly _of its pivoted end, with
a pair of spaced projections |25 apertured to re
ceive a pin | _26 -on which is journalled, as through
antifriction bearings preferably -of needle type, a
roller |21, the projections |25, pinV |26 and roller
|21 being disposed so that the roller engages the
end face ofjthe ‘cap 55 substantially along a pro
Q longation of the axis of shaft 34. The'opposite
35 or free end of the lever is fuilcated or slotted as
extension arm or crank |61, to the eccentric
shaft |05.
The latter serves, as of itself is well
known, through rotation of the eccentric |00, to
shift the follower 98 laterally, or to the right or
left as it appears in Fig. 8, thus moving the roll 30
er 91 to the right or left of the axis of the cam
shaft I5, hence eifecting an early and late ad
justment of injection timing.
The function and advantages of the main
spring and connections to the remainder of the l
at |30 (Fig. 4),-‘the furcations being bridged by
governor assembly, are thought to be apparent
from the foregoing description of parts but‘it
may be noted that, assuming the spring |32 to
spring is, by preference, of -tension type, and of occupy an approximately-right angular relation
40. somewhat greater size ~and loading than the com vto the lever |23, the spring will, for a given ad 40
pression spring 8| heretofore described. The op
justment of the crank` |33, exert a, maximum ef- `
.posite or outer end of the spring |32 is -provided fective loading> on _the outer end of the lever |23.
a spring anchorage pin |3I_,-serving_to receive a
hook end of the main governor spring |32. This
with a hook end serving to engage a pin |33. For
adjustment 'purposes the pin |33 forms part of
45 what may be considered an adjustable crank
structure, and is connected as through a link por
tion |34 to alshaft or shank |35, the latter being
' adjustably secured in a clamping end |36, nor
Otherwise expressed, this main spring will lfor a
given loading adjustment, exert its maximum pull
when approximately parallel to the governor` 45
shaft 34. This loading, as will be obvious from
the drawings, will be in a direction to oppose the
centrifugal’ effect of weights 36‘ and 31. ' It will
mally secured 'as by' a screw |31 in vtightly em
further appear that the movement of the manual '
bracing relation to the pin |35. It will appear
that by releasing the screw |31, the pin |33 may
control lever |46 in a counterclockwise direction
(Figs. 1 and 2) , will reduce the angularity of the
axis of spring |32- with respect to the lever, >so
be rotated about |35 as an axis, to vary _the length
> and hen'ce `the«.loading of spring |32, following ‘ that, as the lever is brought toean end position
k/Which the screw | 1 is again threaded up to
55 maintain the predetermined adjustment. '
indicated by dotted lines (Fig. 2), the spring
then being beyond the axis of the lever, the load
The- outer main spring anchorage just )de
scribed, is carried at the free 1end of a swingable
ing of the spring on the lever vanishes. 'I'here is
thus provided an exact and extremely responsive
. or pivoted adjustment arm |40 (Figs. 2 and 4),
` the ’inner end of Athe arm being provided with a
facility for varying the effective spring loading
00 split clamp 'end |4”|,-normally'tightly secured in
embracing relation to a _short shaft |42 as by
a clampescrew |43. As will best appear from
Fig.'4, _the shaft |42 extends-depthwise of the
governor housing 20--2|---23, being journalled at
05 one end in a recessed boss |44`-in one sideof the
„housing„ and projecting throughs. similar jour
nalling portion |45Vvin _the oppositey or front wall
of the case, beyond which the shaft is engaged
by _a swingable control lever |46 provided with
on the governor weights.
However, in order to insure a still closer-degree .60
of governor speed regulation, it will be noted that
arm‘v |40, movable ‘about shaft |42, has such axis
displaced appreciably from the point of anchor
age of spring |32, to the lever |24. It results
from this fact that, »irrespective of the angularity
of the spring to the lever, its effective length and '
hence its loading are decreased as the outer'end z
of the spring, throughflevers |40 and |46, are
-moved_ anticlockwise.
s fact will be apparent
70- a split clamping end |41 andhscrew |50 through from a comparison of the full line and dotted po 70
which the control lever is secured~ to the shaft. -sitions o_f the outer end of the spring |32. \It
/ The outer end of the control lever |46 is pro
will further be noted that the spring loading on ,
vided with a bored,- partially~ tapped angular off
the governor, ine/utilizing the _dual springV arrange
lset |5|, and a valove type handle |52, the thread
ment-disclosed, never vanishes completely, since
75 ed shank |53 of which engages the threads in the auxiliary spring 8| remains at all times’ in
loading relation to the governor weights. It is
nevertheless rendered possible to vary, with in
enlargement |13 is provided on shaft |10, \ad-
creasing exactitude, the resultant loading of the
suitably secured to the shaft. The 'governor gear
two springs, particularly through the means for
5 concurrently changing the angle and the abso-'
jacent which the governor gear |14 is located and
|14 similar to gear I1, constitutes a bracket for
governor weights |15 and |18, provided with pins 5
|11 and |18, and sleeve-camming projections |80.
lute loading of the main spring |32.
From- the foregoing description it will appear , In this arrangement the camming/effect due to
that the a 'ustment features of the mechanism
the outward movement of the governor weights,
permit a
ecision control and simultaneous var
serves to displace, axially of the shaft, a _sleeve
th the effective spring loading, >and the
I8| which may be rotatably secured to, but is 10
10 lation of
eiïective spring rate, opposing the centrifugal ' axially movable along the shaft |10. 'I'he sleeve
force of the governor weights operating in a direc- -
tion axially of the governor. It will be seeny that
when the main spring |32 is in ‘its full >speed
16 position, or at substantially a right angle to the
governor lever |23, the spring loading or tension
is at a maximumfand its component, parallel to
the line of the opposing axial force due to th
effect of the governor weights, is also at a maxi
~20 mum. While the spring is in this position, a
small movement of the pin |3|4 at the outer end
of the governor lever |23, such asmay be due
- to a slight change. of engine speed, results in a
_ direct pull on the spring, and hence results in a
I8I operates adjacent the gear |14, and there is
provided ón a shouldered portion of the. sleeve,
awearing ring |82. The outer end of the sleevei
|8I is reduced or shouldered to receive an anti- 15
friction bearing assembly |83, the' outer race of '
which serves to carry a partly conical element
I 84. Spaced parallel projections I 85 /(Fig. 10)
are provided on the cone shaped piece’I84, these
projections serving to receive therebetween a con- 20
forming projection |88 on the lever I81,.the por
tion |88 being provided with a headed insert or pin
|90 serving as a wearing element disposed axially
of the cone-shaped element |84 and in line with
the axis of shaft |10. 'I'he main spring arrange- 25
25<substantial change of spring force, so that the
effective -spring rate is at a maximum. When, , ment, and connections therefrom to lever |81 are
however, the spring |32 occupies its idling or low or may be identical with those shown by Figs. 2
speed position as shown by dotted lines (Fig. 2), and 4 and hence need not be presently described.
the tension of spring |32 is at a minimum, and its Obviously the cone-shaped element | 84 is held
30 component parallel to the line of governor force,
is practically zero, with the result that the effec
tive spring force is also practically zero, only the
auxiliary spring 8| having at this time any sub-'
stantial effect. It will be noted that any motion
35 of the pin |3| atv the free end of the governor
lever occurs at nearly-.a’right angle to the axis
of the main spring`- |32 when in idling position,
and hence results in a practically negligible
change of the loading of this spring, with the re
against rotation by the manner: of its engage- 30 ment with the lever |81. l ,
As a means for utilizing ,for control purposes,
the axial movement of the cone-shaped part |84
resulting from a. similar‘ displacement of the
sleeve I8I, there is provided a lever |9I' movable 35
about a fixed pivot pin |92 and provided on its s
governor end with a roller |93 secured as by a
pin |94 vto the short ,end of the lever I9I. The
free end of the long arm of the lever I9I,~ is pro
40 sult that the effective spring rate is, under these ' vided with an adjustable, threaded and headed 40
circumstances, practically zero. There is thus pin |95, the position of which with respectto arm
provided `an ideal condition involving a decreas
|9I is adjustable as through a lock nut |96. The .
ingly eiïectivespring. rate, as the eiïective spring headed portion of the screw |95 engages a roller
force or speed setting is decreased, giving a nearly 200 carried as by a pin 20| in the furcated end
45 constant speed regulation over the predetermined 202 of the reciprocable fuel control rod 203. ’I'he- 45
' range of speed settings.
spring 204 may be a counterpart of spring 8|,
- It is further possible by varying the eccentricity
heretofore described, and the manner of connec- »
of the fulcrum |42 on which the spring lever |,40
isl pivoted, relative to the pin |3| at the end ofthe
50 governor lever |23, to vary the amount by which
J the effective spring force varies fora given var
iation of the spring rate. By increasing this ec
centricity, the spring force is made to vary more
,tion from the reciprocable member 203 to a fuel
supply control element such as 90, may be sub
-rapidly relatively to the variation of the spring
55 rate, since the ell’ective spring rate depends only
an extension arm 206 and a terminal, transverse
ly bored member 201 providing a support for the 55
stantially the same as heretofore described. In 50
the modified construction, a governor bracket I 12 `
(Fig. 11) serves a purpose generally similar to
the bracket 24, heretofore described, and includes
on the angle between the axis of the spring, and rpivot 208 for -lever |81. Forwardly of the portion
the line of force due to the centrifugal eil'ect of 201 is an apertured lug 2I0, vertically bored and
the governor weights.. Itis noted that the ef
serving to receive and conform to a squared
fective springrate is independent of the- spring shank 2II on the pivot |92 .for lever |9I. ‘I'he
6o loading.
g pin |92 is of circular section above the squared 460
It will further appear thatthe provision ofthe
variable spring anchorage |33--I35 at the outer
shank, soA as to provide .the requisite pivot por
tion. Securement-y of the pin‘ 2II-I92 is con
end of lever~ |40, provides a means permitting a
‘veniently effected as/by an assembly nut 2|2.
variation of the spring loading, which may be
65 availed of in any angular positionv of the spring,
without infiuencing the spring rate.
'I‘here is shown by Figs. 9, _'10 and 11, a modifica
From the foregoing it will appear that outward
movement, or shift in position to the left (Fig. 65
10), of the partly cone-shaped piece |84, will
tend to displacethelever ISI' about its pivot |92
tion or alternate form of connection between an ' in an anticlockwise direction (Fig. 10) in a man
ner to move the reciprocable rod 203 against the
70 supply control organization. -In the structure ac
loading of spring 204. Since the remaining por- `70 I
cording to these ilgures, the governor _shaft |10 tions of the assembly are or may bev identical
is supported in a plurality of vspaced antifriction' with those heretofore described, no repetition of
gwwbearings, Vone of whichl is indicated at _|1I and such»A description is regarded as necessary. 'I‘he
‘ axially displaceable governor sleeve, and thevfuel
car'?lëdîwithin-a bracket Y|12 which is or may be
75 substantially identical with the Ybracket 24.- An
arrangement is such- that the length of the lever
I 8| between pivot |82. and pin |84 is less than 475
between pivot l92 and pin |95 so that there re
sults, asin the preceding construction, a motion
multiplying connection from the governor actuated sleeve, to the reciprocable control rod gov-I
5 erning the engine fuel >supply or other organiza
tion to be controlled.
It will be apparent from the foregoing descrip- .
t'ion‘that due to the facilities for 'effecting a'close
trifugal -displacement of> said members, connec
tions for‘translating the movements of said ele
ment to an engine organization to be controlled
thereby, a pair of governor springs connected
in .opposing >relation to- centrifugal movement of
the axially displaceable element, and in a man
'ner to impress thereon an eiîective resultant
spring loading and means for varying the angular
adjustment and regulation of both the actual and ’_ position of one >of saidsprings, to provide a load
ing component- variable between >nero and the 10
ernor spring, and also due to the minimization of maximum inherent in the spring, and independ
internal friction and hence of friction at rest, the , ently of the other spring, constituting a substan
assembly described will materially improve the -„ tially constant loading component, for control
ling thespring loading against thecentrifugai
degree of engine fuel and speed regulation here
10 effective loading and spring rate of the main gov~'
15 tofore attainable with governors intended for
governor elements.
of centrifugally movable' speed responsive mem»`
bers, a governor shaft, means for rotating said
_several objects hereinbefore expressed and im-_
The vdetail of vpresent 4disclosure of preferred
4. In an engine governor assembly, a plurality
similar types of servicej further that the device
described attains in every particular, each of the
embodiments of the invention, is to be under
’ shaft to actuate said members, an element dis
placeable axially of the‘shaft in response to cen 20
trifugal effect of said'members, connections for
translating movements of said element to an en- >
stood solely in a descriptive, »and not in a limit
v“ing” sense, since numerous changes may be made '.gine organization to be controlled thereby, a pair
in tîïe' parts as well as in their combinations and
arrangements, without departing from the full
intended scope of the invention as the
claims hereunto appended.
I claim as my invention:
of governor springs, one of relatively greater; .
and the other of substantially lesser loading, sep 25
arate connectionswhereby the springs ¿are func
tionally related in opposing relation to the axially
displaceable element, one of said springs being
1.~In a governor assembly of a type including of constant loading, and the other of variable
30 centrifugally movable speed responsive members, ~ loading, and means for manually varying t e 30
a governor shaft and means for rotating said angular position.“- and therebytthe eüective loalä
ing of the latter spring, between angular limits
shaft to actuate said members, an element dis
placeable along the axis of the shaft in response including a zero loading, and a maximum loading
to movement of the centrifugal members, a -lever position of the spring substantially parallel to
the governor shaft.
-operatively associated with the displaceable ele
_ ment,- a spring .connected to the llever in a man,
ner to oppose speed responsive movements there-"1
of, a manual control member for swinging saidspring to vary the angle and eñ'ective loading
40 thereof with respect to the'lever, and through a
range of positions including both zero degrees
t and ninety degrees to the lever, an auxiliary
- 5. In an engine governor assembly, a plurality
of centrifugally movable speed responsive mem
bers, a governor shaft, means îfor rotating said
shaft to actuate said members, an element dis
placeable-axially of the shaft in response to cen
trifugal displacement of said members, connec-i
tions, including 'a governor lever,for translating
spring of substantially constant effective loading ` the movements .of said element 'to an engine or
ganization to be controlled-thereby, a' main gov
on the centrifugal members, and’means for vary
ing Athe inherent loading ofthe spring, in the ernor spring andan auxiliary governor spring,
means including the governor lever, connecting
different positions -'of the control member. "V
2. In a .governor assembly ‘of a type including said springs in' opposing relation to the axially
centrifugally movable speed responsive members, displaceable element, andv manually controlled
a governor shaft and means for rotating said
shaft to actuate said members, an elern'ent dis
means for varying the angular relation of the
main spring to the lever, whereby to vary the 50
'placeable along the axis of the shaft in response effective total spring loading on the centrifugally
to movement of the centrifugal members, a lever movable members, the last means being arranged
operatively associated with the displaceable ele . to permit movement of the`main' spring from a
ment, avtension spring connected at~ oneof its maximum lever-loading Y position substantially
parallel to the governor shaft, through a position 55
ends to the lever and normally tending to op
pose its speed responsive movement, a manually corresponding to zero loading of the lever by the
movable control arm connected to the opposite main spring. v
' 6. In-a governor assembly, a plurality of cen- A
end of the spring, and pivoted so as to vary the,
effective loading ~of the spring incident to its.- trifugal governor weights, a governor shaft, pow
ered means for rotating the vshaft to actuate said
60 movement, a connection between> the last said’ end
of the spring and said arm, adapted _tovpermit weights, a sleeve on one end of the shaft mov.
an _adjustment of spring loading in anyposition able axially thereof` in.> response 'to centrifugal
of the arm, an auxiliary spring and connections weight movement, a bell crank lever havinga
ltherefromsuch that it tends to oppose the speed shorter arm pivotally connected to said sleeve,
. responsive movement of the centrifugal ,mem
- bers, and'means fory selectively disposing the
control arm yin'positions such that the° tension
spring serves respectively to oppose, to augment,
and to be without effect on the effective loading
of the-auxiliary spring.
a fixed lever ,-pivot, and a longer arm, _a control 65
rod disposed at substantially a right angle to the
governor shaft and pivotally related to the longer
bell crank arm, a compression spring of substan
tially constant loading carried bythe control
rod, and so related thereto as to oppose centrifu
3. I_n an engine governor assembly, a plurality gal movement ofthe governor weights- through
of centrifugally movable speed responsive mem - said crank and‘ sleeve, a control connection from
bers, a governor shaft, means for rotating said said rod, a'bracket in winch e governor shaft
shaft to actuate said members, an-element dis--- is journalled, a governor lev pivotally related
placeable axially of the shaft in response to _cen
bracket, a roller on said lever provided
with antlfriction bearings, and normally engag
ing a portion of the sleeve, a _main governor
spring of -tension ‘type,«havlng one of its ends
secured near the free end of said lever, a pivoted
arm, an- adjustable anchorage of eccentric type
at the outer end of said arm to the opposite end
of the main‘spring, and a manual control lever
arranged for swinging said arm about its pivot
in al manner to vary the angle and eßective load
ing of the main spring through a range embrac
ing zero and maximum effective loading of the
, main spring on the governor lever.
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