Патент USA US2108557код для вставки
Feb. 15, 1938o 2,108,557 R. S. HUMBURCH BODY FOR CARS Filed Oct. 5, 1932 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 _i __@ lí, .. „vm |A :_ë: 4 A TORNEY Feb. 15, m38. 2,108,557 R. s. HUMBURCH BODY FOR CARS Filed Oct. 5, 1932 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 O / ú' VENTOR TTGRNEY ` Feb. 15, 1938. R. s. HUMBURCH 2,108,557 ' BODY -FOR CARS Filed Oct. 5, 1932 @ci I \a 4/ .455 430 A AT ORNEY Feb. 15, 1938. R. S. HUMBURCH 2,108,557 BODY FOR cAR's Filed OCT'. 5, 1932 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 INVENTOR TTORNEY Patented Feb. 15,- 193sA 2,108,557 2,108,557 4 BODY FOR CARS ` Raymond S. Humburch, Rochester, N. Y. Application October 5, 19?»2, Serial No. 636,346 7 Claims. . The object of this-‘invention is to provide a new and improved body for an automobile truck or a railroad car. Another'object. of the invention is to provide 5 new and improved Ventilating apparatus for such a body. » VAnother object of the invention is to provide a construction for the car body which readily permits the removal of a side, or the roof; of the i0 15 mr. ' - " ' three feet between centers. Below the stringers 3 is placed the metal sub-ñoor 5, and below the lmetal floor is placed a series of oross-chanels t, which are spaced about two feet between centers. These channels run clear across the car body/,and l0 holes in the metal iioor. sub-floor 5 is iilled with strips of cork insulation ‘ These and other objects of the invention will specification, and pointed out in the claims at - Figure 1 is a sectional elevation, partly broken away, showing one end of the car viewed from the interior.v ' Figure 2 is a vertical section through the end of the car showing‘the ice bunker, the section 2 the bottom of the floor. These channels -are about six inches lcng,~and are spaced apart about 5 in turn rest upon the I-beams l, ‘l which con stitutes the frame that supports the car body. The space between the metal floor 2 and the , the end thereof. In the drawings:- ' iloor; or the length of the car body. Interposed between the floor and the wooden stringers are the channels i, which are electrically welded to Another object of the invention is to provide a metal iioor for the- car attached to the under irame in a way that makes it unnecessary to put ' be illustrated in «the drawings, described in the ` 20 (Cl. 105;-404) Ul being partly broken vaway and being taken on the lineZx--Ex of Figure 1.Á Figure 3 is a' horizontal section on the line 3ra-3a: of Figure 2. t y Figure 4 is a vertical transverse section, partly ¿o broken away, through the ñoor, side and roof of the car. 8, which strips are cut to ñt between wooden l5 stringers 3. Each of the channels t is perforated to receive a bolt il, which runs `lriorizontally through the channel t and the stringer 3 and fastens these two parts ñrmly together. The stringer 3 is cut away to form a pocket as indi- 20 cated at ill, which pocket received the head of the bolt i i. This bolt passes through the stringer and through the sub-floor 5 and through the iiange of one of the cross-channels, and is fas tened in place by the nut i2 and washer i3. This 25 bolt iirmly> ties -the Stringer and the sub-floor and the cross-channel together. The pocket i@ is deep enough so that the head of the bolt will not make contact with the channel t, and in this way heat leakage through the metal iioor 2, the ' channel 4, and the bolt il is prevented. It will Figure 5 is a horizontal section on the lineA also-be understood that the channel t is insu ' tan-5x of Figure ,4. lated from the metal sub-floor 5 by the wooden _ " Figure 61s a longitudinal section through the Stringer 3. 35 car showing the scheme of ventilation diagram matically. Figure '7 is a horizontal section through the side of the car, pai'tly broken away, the section being taken on the line ‘im-'ix of Figure 4. 40. Figure 8 is a vertical section through the roof ofthe car, the section being partly broken away and taken on the line drs-ta: of Figure 4. Figure 9 is a horizontal section through the end of the car, the section being partly broken 45 away and taken on the line Saz-9x of Figure 2. In the drawings like reference numerals indi cate like parts. « The invention las shown here is applied to an automobile trailer truck used as a refrigerator 50> car. and is also intended to be applied to refrig erator cars such as are ordinarily used in rail road transportation. _ _In the drawingsrefe'rence numeral i indicates the car body having a metal floor 2 supported on V55 wooden strlngers t which run the length of the - On each side of the car resting on the sub- 35 flcor 5a is provided a Wooden nailing strip i5 ' which runs the length of the car except where it is broken by the upright` angles i6 and il, which are shown in horizontal section in Figure 7 and in dotted lines in Figure 4. These, uprights 40 are riveted tothe ends of the cross channels t, as are indicated by the rivets it and i9 vin dotted Llines which pertainto the uprights it, and the rivets 2U and- 2i which pertain to the uprights il. The inside sheet 22 of the car is riveted to the 45 angles ii, 'and the outside sheet 23 is riveted to the angles it. >Between the sheets 22 and. 23 a space is provided which is ñlled with a con-l tinuous layer of insulating material 2i, which runs the length of the car body. This insulating 50 material is contained in a >bag which is bent to the shape shown in Figure 4. It is held in place at the bottom by a nailing strip 25, and is held' in place at the top by a 'nailing strip 2t. The insulating material preferred is the so-called 55 2 2,108,557 f‘Dry Zero” material which is commonly used in refrigerator car construction. The nailing strip 25 is nailed to the nailing strip I5, and the nail ing strip 26 is nailed to the wooden top side plate The inside sheets can, therefore, resist any ham mering effect due to the shifting of the load inside 21 shown at the upper left hand corner of Fig length of the car, and the side edges of which are fastened to the angle 31. On top of the ceiling plate 43 are the cross angles or carline 44 and 45, ure 4. As shown at the lower left hand corner of Fig ure 4, an angle 30 is provided which runs the of the car. A ceiling plate l43 is provided which runs the the even numbers of which are fastened to the length of the car and is the bottom side sill of ' angles 31 and ceiling 43, and the odd numbers of 10 the car. 'I'he upright angles I6 are offset at which are fastened to the roof 40 of the car, and 10 the bottom, as indicated in Figure 4, and are the ends of them are cut away and are bent down fastened to the upright member of the metal angle and are fastened to the angle 42. On the inside of the car at the end is placed 30. The upright member I1 is riveted directly the ice bunker 50, which is provided with one or to the web of the channel 6. The nailing strip I5 is fastened by a bolt 3l, more frames of grate bars 5I, by which the ice which passes through the nailing strip, and is held in the bottom of the bunker. A sheet metal through the sub-floor 5a, and the upper flange yplate 52, preferably of galvanized iron, encircles of the channel 6 and is clamped in place by the three of the upright sides of the bunker. The washer 33 and the nut 32. 'I'he strip is cut away fourth side is enclosed by the wire netting 53. For ~the purpose of regulating the circulation of 20 20 to form an air’pocket as indicated at _35, which air inside the car, I provide as follows: pocket receives the head of the bolt 3|. As shown in Fig. 6, the air is taken in at the On the outside of the car at the bottom is riv forward end of the car thru a ventilator 60, and eted the rub rail 34, which is U-shaped. 'I'he outside plate 23 is fastened to the top side if the outside air is warm this air must pass plate 21 by a bolt 35a, and the inside plate 22 is down thru the ice bunker 5U, and at the bottom 25 fastened to the side plate 21 by _the bolt 36. The of the bunker is driven out thru the car by an ,side plate is cut away to form air pockets in which electric fan 6I. If it is desired to change the air, the heads of> each of these bolts are received. The bolt 36 passes through the reinforcing angle 30 31, which runs the length of the car on the inside » at the top. The upper ends of the angles I6 and I1 are cut away on a taper, as shown in dotted lines, and these ends nest into tapered pockets of oblong holes therein and a sliding plate 65 hav which are cut into the wooden top side plate 21. As these angles I6 and I1 are riveted to the side sheets 22 and 23, it will be seen that the side ing plate 65 slides in guides 66 and 61 and this sheets, and the upright angles I6 and I1, and the top side plate 21, and the cross channel 6, and the metal angle 30 are all securely tied together. 40 On the outside at the top, an angle 38 is riv eted, the upper flange of which slopes down and out. This angle runs thelength of the car and the ends thereof extend half way around the, ends of the car. The ends of the two a'ngles are vwelded together and the angles thus form a rec tangular frame that encircles the car. On top of the angles 31 and 38, and the wooden top side plate 21 is supported the roof of the car, which is made up as follows. A top roof plate 40 is provided, which extends the full length of the car and the full widthof the car, and the sides of which are bent down on a curve as indicated at 4I. To the .bottom .edges of the roof on the outside are riveted the angles 42, which run the full length of the car and half way around the end of the car.l The two angles 42 are welded together at the ends, so that the two angles make a rectangular frame which en circles the car. 60 for any reason, the air can pass out thru the ventilator 62 in the roof of the car at the tail end. >At the top of the ice bunker on the inside ,30 of the car, I provide a damper or valve 63, which consists of a stationary plate 64 having a series ` ' The ends of the top roof plate are bent down ing a similar series of holes therein. This slid plate can be moved so as to bring the holes therein into register with the holes in the stationary plate 64, in which case the air will pass thru the damper or the plate can be moved so as to put the holes in the two plates out of register with each other in which case the passage of air, therethru, will be prevented. If the damper is closed then the airI will pass as indicated in Fig. 6. If the damper 65 is open, the ventilators 60 and 62 will be closed and the fan will then circulate the air along the bottom of the car drawing the air down thru the ice bunker causing the warm air to rise and pass to the ice bunker which it enters at the top thru the damper. 'I'his assumes that the bunker is full of Aice and that the car is being i used in warm weather to keep the perishable con tents thereof under refrigeration. A bolt 15 is provided by which the sliding plate 65 is moved or clamped in place. If the car is used in cold weather ice will be e omitted from the bunker and at such time it will be necessary to artificially heat the inside of the vcar so to keep the perishable products thereof from freezing. For this purpose, I provide a heating apparatus 10, under the grate bars of 60 on the samecurve as indicated at 4I, and to make the ice bunker. a rounded corner each corner is cut away with a but I prefer the so-called Tropic~Air heater, V-shaped notch and the end and side edges after being bent to shape are suitably welded together 65 along the edges of the notches, one notch being cut in each corner to make the four rounded which is a standard make and is regularly used for heating automobiles. This heater gets its heat from the hot water' that is circulated from the engine jacket and is used to heat the inside corners on the roof. ' , of the car. This may be of any suitable type I may also use a so-called charcoal The inside, sheet 22 of the car is reinforced heater instead of ythe hot water radiator heated by' the horizontal stiifeners 46, which are made of . from the engine jacket, or the car may be heated 70 sheet aluminum bent to U-shape with suitable by the exhaust from the engine. In either case, flanges by which they can be riveted to the sides In this way the inside sheet of the the hot air will be blown out by the electric fan car is stiffened vertically by the upright angle I 1, but is also stiffened longitudinally by the horizon 75 tal stiffeners or angles 46, as above described. descend to the ice bunker in which there will be no ice. It will be understood that the heating of the car. 6I , to the bottom. of the car and the cold air will i l / arcate@ effect will be suiiìcient to keep the contents ofthe numbered angles being fastened to the inside wall member and the even numbered angles being fastened to the outside wall member, each angle being separated from the opposite wall member car from freezing by a small margin. I have found that by the forced circulation either when the car is under refrigeration or is Cil ' being artificially heated, the diiïerence between- by an air space, wooden strips running length wise of _the car at the top and bottom of the wall the temperature of the floor and ceiling of the car is kept within a very few degrees. It will also be understood that the floor and and between the wall‘members, said strips being recessed to receive the angles, and nailing strips running parallel to the Wooden strips between' which nailing strips and the wooden strips the heat insulating material is held in place means for supporting the inner and outer side wall plates sides of the car are water tight so that water cannot leak thru them into the insulating ma terial and when the car is unloaded it can be washed out and Ícleaned very effectively so that the nextload that is placed in the car will not be ' against movement to and from one another thel contaminated in any way by anyodor >or waste- upright angles being longitudinally spaced by the 15 left in the car by the previous load. It will be understood that all or nearly all the channels, the odd numbered 4angles being stag gered or oñset relative to the even numbered metal parts above described will be made of alu -minum for the purpose of reducing the weight of angles. . ' 4. In a car the combination of a floor, cross the car body and for the purpose of avoiding rust. 20 This includes such parts as the cross channels, -channels under the floor, upright angles fastened the subiioor and the top floor, vthe channels on plates fastened to said- upright angles, the odd to said cross channels, inside and outside wall 20 top of the stringers, the inside and outside wall ‘ numbered vangles being fastened to said inside plates or sheets, and the ceiling and roof of the wall member and the even numbered angles be car, angles, etc. 25 I'claim: , ing fastened tothe outside wall member, each angle beingseparated from. the opposite wall ` 1. In a car the combination of a iloor, cross member by an air space, and wooden strips run ning lengthwise- of the car at the top and bottom to said cross channels, and inside and outside wall` of the wall and between the wall members, said plates fastened to said‘upright angles, the odd strips being recessed to receive the angles, the 30 numbered angles being fastened to the inside wall -upper strip serving to hold the wall members 30 member and the even numbered angles being fas l apart the upright angles being longitudinally tened to the outside wall member, each angle Vspaced by the channels, the odd numbered angles channels under the iloor; upright angles fastened being separated from the opposite wail member 35 40 being staggeredfor offset relative to the even num by an air space means'for supporting the inner and outer side wall plates against movement to and from one another the upright angles being bered angles.> ` tive to the even numbered angles. ` of said bolts fastening but one metal plate to the top side plate andA being insulated from the other 40 5.- In the side wall of a car the combination of ^ a wooden top side plate, an inside. metal plate longitudinally spaced by the channels, the odd and an outside metal plate, and bolts for fasten numbered angles being'staggered or offset rela-` „ ing said metal plates to the top side plate, each _ ' 2. In a. car the, combination of a floor, cross channels under the door, upright angles fastened to "said cross channels, inside and outside wall metal plate said bolts being parallel to each » other. ` plates fastened to said upright angles, the oddl 6. In the side wall of a car the combination of numbered angles being fastened'to the inside wall inside and outside wall plates, upright angles fas 45 member and the even numbered angles _being fas ' tened to said wall plates, the odd numbered angles tened to the outside _ wall member; each angle being fastened to said inside wall plate and the being separated fromv the' opposite wall memberv even numbered angles being fastened to the out side wall plates each angle being separated from by an air space, and wooden strips running lengthwise of the car at the top and bottom of the ' 50 wall and between the wall members, said strips i being recessed to receive the angles, means for the opposite wall member by an air space, andV Wooden strips running lengthwise of the car at the top and bottom of the wall, s_aid strips being supporting the inner and outer side wall plates recessed to receive the upright angles and hold . against movement to and from one another the them apart from each other and from the plate opposite thereto. v55 upright angles` being longitudinally spaced by the channels, the odd numbered angles being `stag gered or offset ‘relative to the even numbered angles. ’ \ " 3. In a car the combination of a door, cross channels under the floor, upright angles fastened 60k to said cross channels. inside and outside wall plates fastened to Said upright angles, the odd '7. In a car the combination of a roof and a side wall for supporting the roof, said side wall having a wooden side'plate at the top -thereof, av nailing strip in the roof, and insulating material inthe roof and held in place between the nailing strip and the side plate in the side wall. 60 . RAYMOND S. HUMBURCH.