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Патент USA US2108557

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Feb. 15, 1938o
2,108,557
R. S. HUMBURCH
BODY FOR CARS
Filed Oct. 5, 1932
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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A TORNEY
Feb. 15, m38.
2,108,557
R. s. HUMBURCH
BODY FOR CARS
Filed Oct. 5, 1932
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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VENTOR
TTGRNEY
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Feb. 15, 1938.
R. s. HUMBURCH
2,108,557
' BODY -FOR CARS
Filed Oct. 5, 1932
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.455 430
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AT ORNEY
Feb. 15, 1938.
R. S. HUMBURCH
2,108,557
BODY FOR cAR's
Filed OCT'. 5, 1932
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR
TTORNEY
Patented Feb. 15,- 193sA
2,108,557
2,108,557
4
BODY FOR CARS
` Raymond S. Humburch, Rochester, N. Y.
Application October 5, 19?»2, Serial No. 636,346
7 Claims.
. The object of this-‘invention is to provide a new
and improved body for an automobile truck or a
railroad car.
Another'object. of the invention is to provide
5 new and improved Ventilating apparatus for such
a body.
»
VAnother object of the invention is to provide
a construction for the car body which readily
permits the removal of a side, or the roof; of the
i0
15
mr.
'
-
"
'
three feet between centers. Below the stringers
3 is placed the metal sub-ñoor 5, and below the
lmetal floor is placed a series of oross-chanels t,
which are spaced about two feet between centers.
These channels run clear across the car body/,and l0
holes in the metal iioor.
sub-floor 5 is iilled with strips of cork insulation
‘
These and other objects of the invention will
specification, and pointed out in the claims at
-
Figure 1 is a sectional elevation, partly broken
away, showing one end of the car viewed from
the interior.v
'
Figure 2 is a vertical section through the end
of the car showing‘the ice bunker, the section
2
the bottom of the floor. These channels -are
about six inches lcng,~and are spaced apart about 5
in turn rest upon the I-beams l, ‘l which con
stitutes the frame that supports the car body.
The space between the metal floor 2 and the
, the end thereof.
In the drawings:-
'
iloor; or the length of the car body. Interposed
between the floor and the wooden stringers are
the channels i, which are electrically welded to
Another object of the invention is to provide a
metal iioor for the- car attached to the under
irame in a way that makes it unnecessary to put
' be illustrated in «the drawings, described in the
` 20
(Cl. 105;-404)
Ul being partly broken vaway and being taken on the
lineZx--Ex of Figure 1.Á
Figure 3 is a' horizontal section on the line
3ra-3a: of Figure 2.
t
y
Figure 4 is a vertical transverse section, partly
¿o broken away, through the ñoor, side and roof of
the car.
8, which strips are cut to ñt between wooden l5
stringers 3. Each of the channels t is perforated
to receive a bolt il, which runs `lriorizontally
through the channel t and the stringer 3 and
fastens these two parts ñrmly together. The
stringer 3 is cut away to form a pocket as indi- 20
cated at ill, which pocket received the head of
the bolt i i. This bolt passes through the stringer
and through the sub-floor 5 and through the
iiange of one of the cross-channels, and is fas
tened in place by the nut i2 and washer i3. This 25
bolt iirmly> ties -the Stringer and the sub-floor and
the cross-channel together. The pocket i@ is
deep enough so that the head of the bolt will
not make contact with the channel t, and in this
way heat leakage through the metal iioor 2, the
'
channel 4, and the bolt il is prevented. It will
Figure 5 is a horizontal section on the lineA also-be understood that the channel t is insu
'
tan-5x of Figure ,4.
lated from the metal sub-floor 5 by the wooden _
" Figure 61s a longitudinal section through the
Stringer 3.
35 car showing the scheme of ventilation diagram
matically.
Figure '7 is a horizontal section through the
side of the car, pai'tly broken away, the section
being taken on the line ‘im-'ix of Figure 4.
40. Figure 8 is a vertical section through the roof
ofthe car, the section being partly broken away
and taken on the line drs-ta: of Figure 4.
Figure 9 is a horizontal section through the
end of the car, the section being partly broken
45 away and taken on the line Saz-9x of Figure 2.
In the drawings like reference numerals indi
cate like parts. «
The invention las shown here is applied to an
automobile trailer truck used as a refrigerator
50> car. and is also intended to be applied to refrig
erator cars such as are ordinarily used in rail
road transportation.
_
_In the drawingsrefe'rence numeral i indicates
the car body having a metal floor 2 supported on
V55 wooden strlngers t which run the length of the
-
On each side of the car resting on the sub- 35
flcor 5a is provided a Wooden nailing strip i5 '
which runs the length of the car except where
it is broken by the upright` angles i6 and il,
which are shown in horizontal section in Figure
7 and in dotted lines in Figure 4. These, uprights 40
are riveted tothe ends of the cross channels t,
as are indicated by the rivets it and i9 vin dotted
Llines which pertainto the uprights it, and the
rivets 2U and- 2i which pertain to the uprights il.
The inside sheet 22 of the car is riveted to the 45
angles ii, 'and the outside sheet 23 is riveted to
the angles it. >Between the sheets 22 and. 23
a space is provided which is ñlled with a con-l
tinuous layer of insulating material 2i, which
runs the length of the car body. This insulating 50
material is contained in a >bag which is bent to
the shape shown in Figure 4. It is held in place
at the bottom by a nailing strip 25, and is held'
in place at the top by a 'nailing strip 2t. The
insulating material preferred is the so-called 55
2
2,108,557
f‘Dry Zero” material which is commonly used in
refrigerator car construction. The nailing strip
25 is nailed to the nailing strip I5, and the nail
ing strip 26 is nailed to the wooden top side plate
The inside sheets can, therefore, resist any ham
mering effect due to the shifting of the load inside
21 shown at the upper left hand corner of Fig
length of the car, and the side edges of which are
fastened to the angle 31. On top of the ceiling
plate 43 are the cross angles or carline 44 and 45,
ure 4.
As shown at the lower left hand corner of Fig
ure 4, an angle 30 is provided which runs the
of the car.
A ceiling plate l43 is provided which runs the
the even numbers of which are fastened to the
length of the car and is the bottom side sill of ' angles 31 and ceiling 43, and the odd numbers of
10 the car. 'I'he upright angles I6 are offset at which are fastened to the roof 40 of the car, and 10
the bottom, as indicated in Figure 4, and are the ends of them are cut away and are bent down
fastened to the upright member of the metal angle and are fastened to the angle 42.
On the inside of the car at the end is placed
30. The upright member I1 is riveted directly
the ice bunker 50, which is provided with one or
to the web of the channel 6.
The nailing strip I5 is fastened by a bolt 3l, more frames of grate bars 5I, by which the ice
which passes through the nailing strip, and is held in the bottom of the bunker. A sheet metal
through the sub-floor 5a, and the upper flange yplate 52, preferably of galvanized iron, encircles
of the channel 6 and is clamped in place by the three of the upright sides of the bunker. The
washer 33 and the nut 32. 'I'he strip is cut away fourth side is enclosed by the wire netting 53.
For ~the purpose of regulating the circulation of 20
20 to form an air’pocket as indicated at _35, which
air inside the car, I provide as follows:
pocket receives the head of the bolt 3|.
As shown in Fig. 6, the air is taken in at the
On the outside of the car at the bottom is riv
forward end of the car thru a ventilator 60, and
eted the rub rail 34, which is U-shaped.
'I'he outside plate 23 is fastened to the top side if the outside air is warm this air must pass
plate 21 by a bolt 35a, and the inside plate 22 is down thru the ice bunker 5U, and at the bottom 25
fastened to the side plate 21 by _the bolt 36. The of the bunker is driven out thru the car by an
,side plate is cut away to form air pockets in which electric fan 6I. If it is desired to change the air,
the heads of> each of these bolts are received.
The bolt 36 passes through the reinforcing angle
30 31, which runs the length of the car on the inside
» at the top. The upper ends of the angles I6 and
I1 are cut away on a taper, as shown in dotted
lines, and these ends nest into tapered pockets
of oblong holes therein and a sliding plate 65 hav
which are cut into the wooden top side plate 21.
As these angles I6 and I1 are riveted to the side
sheets 22 and 23, it will be seen that the side
ing plate 65 slides in guides 66 and 61 and this
sheets, and the upright angles I6 and I1, and the
top side plate 21, and the cross channel 6, and
the metal angle 30 are all securely tied together.
40
On the outside at the top, an angle 38 is riv
eted, the upper flange of which slopes down and
out. This angle runs thelength of the car and
the ends thereof extend half way around the, ends
of the car. The ends of the two a'ngles are
vwelded together and the angles thus form a rec
tangular frame that encircles the car. On top
of the angles 31 and 38, and the wooden top
side plate 21 is supported the roof of the car,
which is made up as follows.
A top roof plate 40 is provided, which extends
the full length of the car and the full widthof
the car, and the sides of which are bent down on
a curve as indicated at 4I. To the .bottom .edges
of the roof on the outside are riveted the angles
42, which run the full length of the car and half
way around the end of the car.l The two angles
42 are welded together at the ends, so that the
two angles make a rectangular frame which en
circles the car.
60
for any reason, the air can pass out thru the
ventilator 62 in the roof of the car at the tail
end. >At the top of the ice bunker on the inside ,30
of the car, I provide a damper or valve 63, which
consists of a stationary plate 64 having a series
`
'
The ends of the top roof plate are bent down
ing a similar series of holes therein.
This slid
plate can be moved so as to bring the holes therein
into register with the holes in the stationary
plate 64, in which case the air will pass thru the
damper or the plate can be moved so as to put the
holes in the two plates out of register with each
other in which case the passage of air, therethru,
will be prevented. If the damper is closed then
the airI will pass as indicated in Fig. 6.
If the
damper 65 is open, the ventilators 60 and 62 will
be closed and the fan will then circulate the air
along the bottom of the car drawing the air down
thru the ice bunker causing the warm air to rise
and pass to the ice bunker which it enters at the
top thru the damper. 'I'his assumes that the
bunker is full of Aice and that the car is being i
used in warm weather to keep the perishable con
tents thereof under refrigeration. A bolt 15 is
provided by which the sliding plate 65 is moved
or clamped in place.
If the car is used in cold weather ice will be e
omitted from the bunker and at such time it will
be necessary to artificially heat the inside of the
vcar so to keep the perishable products thereof
from freezing. For this purpose, I provide a
heating apparatus 10, under the grate bars of 60
on the samecurve as indicated at 4I, and to make
the ice bunker.
a rounded corner each corner is cut away with a
but I prefer the so-called Tropic~Air heater,
V-shaped notch and the end and side edges after
being bent to shape are suitably welded together
65 along the edges of the notches, one notch being
cut in each corner to make the four rounded
which is a standard make and is regularly used
for heating automobiles. This heater gets its
heat from the hot water' that is circulated from
the engine jacket and is used to heat the inside
corners on the roof.
'
,
of the car.
This may be of any suitable type
I may also use a so-called charcoal
The inside, sheet 22 of the car is reinforced heater instead of ythe hot water radiator heated
by' the horizontal stiifeners 46, which are made of . from the engine jacket, or the car may be heated
70 sheet aluminum bent to U-shape with suitable by the exhaust from the engine. In either case,
flanges by which they can be riveted to the sides
In this way the inside sheet of the
the hot air will be blown out by the electric fan
car is stiffened vertically by the upright angle I 1,
but is also stiffened longitudinally by the horizon
75 tal stiffeners or angles 46, as above described.
descend to the ice bunker in which there will be
no ice. It will be understood that the heating
of the car.
6I , to the bottom. of the car and the cold air will
i
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arcate@
effect will be suiiìcient to keep the contents ofthe
numbered angles being fastened to the inside wall
member and the even numbered angles being
fastened to the outside wall member, each angle
being separated from the opposite wall member
car from freezing by a small margin.
I have found that by the forced circulation
either when the car is under refrigeration or is
Cil ' being artificially heated, the diiïerence between-
by an air space, wooden strips running length
wise of _the car at the top and bottom of the wall
the temperature of the floor and ceiling of the
car is kept within a very few degrees.
It will also be understood that the floor and
and between the wall‘members, said strips being
recessed to receive the angles, and nailing strips
running parallel to the Wooden strips between'
which nailing strips and the wooden strips the
heat insulating material is held in place means
for supporting the inner and outer side wall plates
sides of the car are water tight so that water
cannot leak thru them into the insulating ma
terial and when the car is unloaded it can be
washed out and Ícleaned very effectively so that
the nextload that is placed in the car will not be ' against movement to and from one another thel
contaminated in any way by anyodor >or waste-
upright angles being longitudinally spaced by the
15 left in the car by the previous load.
It will be understood that all or nearly all the
channels, the odd numbered 4angles being stag
gered or oñset relative to the even numbered
metal parts above described will be made of alu
-minum for the purpose of reducing the weight of
angles.
.
'
4. In a car the combination of a floor, cross
the car body and for the purpose of avoiding rust.
20 This includes such parts as the cross channels,
-channels under the floor, upright angles fastened
the subiioor and the top floor, vthe channels on
plates fastened to said- upright angles, the odd
to said cross channels, inside and outside wall 20
top of the stringers, the inside and outside wall ‘ numbered vangles being fastened to said inside
plates or sheets, and the ceiling and roof of the wall member and the even numbered angles be
car, angles, etc.
25
I'claim:
,
ing fastened tothe outside wall member, each
angle beingseparated from. the opposite wall
`
1. In a car the combination of a iloor, cross
member by an air space, and wooden strips run
ning lengthwise- of the car at the top and bottom
to said cross channels, and inside and outside wall` of the wall and between the wall members, said
plates fastened to said‘upright angles, the odd strips being recessed to receive the angles, the
30 numbered angles being fastened to the inside wall
-upper strip serving to hold the wall members 30
member and the even numbered angles being fas l apart the upright angles being longitudinally
tened to the outside wall member, each angle Vspaced by the channels, the odd numbered angles
channels under the iloor; upright angles fastened
being separated from the opposite wail member
35
40
being staggeredfor offset relative to the even num
by an air space means'for supporting the inner
and outer side wall plates against movement to
and from one another the upright angles being
bered angles.> `
tive to the even numbered angles. `
of said bolts fastening but one metal plate to the
top side plate andA being insulated from the other 40
5.- In the side wall of a car the combination of ^
a wooden top side plate, an inside. metal plate
longitudinally spaced by the channels, the odd and an outside metal plate, and bolts for fasten
numbered angles being'staggered or offset rela-` „ ing said metal plates to the top side plate, each
_
'
2. In a. car the, combination of a floor, cross
channels under the door, upright angles fastened
to "said cross channels, inside and outside wall
metal plate said bolts being parallel to each
»
other.
`
plates fastened to said upright angles, the oddl
6. In the side wall of a car the combination of
numbered angles being fastened'to the inside wall inside and outside wall plates, upright angles fas
45 member and the even numbered angles _being fas ' tened to said wall plates, the odd numbered angles
tened to the outside _ wall member; each angle being fastened to said inside wall plate and the
being separated fromv the' opposite wall memberv even numbered angles being fastened to the out
side wall plates each angle being separated from
by an air space, and wooden strips running
lengthwise of the car at the top and bottom of the '
50 wall and between the wall members, said strips
i being recessed to receive the angles, means for
the opposite wall member by an air space, andV
Wooden strips running lengthwise of the car at
the top and bottom of the wall, s_aid strips being
supporting the inner and outer side wall plates
recessed to receive the upright angles and hold
. against movement to and from one another the
them apart from each other and from the plate
opposite thereto.
v55
upright angles` being longitudinally spaced by the
channels, the odd numbered angles being `stag
gered or offset ‘relative to the even numbered
angles.
’
\
"
3. In a car the combination of a door, cross
channels under the floor, upright angles fastened
60k to said cross channels. inside and outside wall
plates fastened to Said upright angles, the odd
'7. In a car the combination of a roof and a
side wall for supporting the roof, said side wall
having a wooden side'plate at the top -thereof, av
nailing strip in the roof, and insulating material
inthe roof and held in place between the nailing
strip and the side plate in the side wall.
60
.
RAYMOND S. HUMBURCH.
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