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Патент USA US2108565

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Feb. 15, 1938.,v
(j, RQSENSTEIN
I 2,108,565
METHOD OF MAKING TEXTILE FABRICS
Filed Nov. 12, 1937
‘
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Feb. 15, 1938‘
‘
c. ROSENSTEIN
2,108,565
METHOD OF MAKING TEXTILE FABRICS
Filed Nov. 12, 1957
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Feb. 15, 1938
2,108,565
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,108,565
METHOD OF‘ MAKING TEXTILE FABRICS
Charles Rosenstein, Paterson, N. J., assignor to
Rosenstein Bros., Paterson, N. J., a corporation
of New Jersey
Application November 12, 1937, Serial No. 174,226
1 Claim. (Cl. 28-1)
The invention relates to textile fabrics.
posed as to permit the application of a design to
The purpose of the invention is the ornamenta
the fabric surface by printing or other means
tion of fabrics used for dress material, draperies, before the completion of the fringe elements.
millinery and various other purposes.
objects are attained by my method and.
More speci?cally, the invention is designed to in These
the
fabric
produced thereby, through the in- 5
provide the ornamentation of such materials by corporation of ?oat threads on either or both
applying to the materials as an integral part surfaces of the fabric and the disposition of the
thereof a surface structure which, when com
?oat threads in such manner that, when cut,‘
pleted, presents a, fringed appearance.
10
For many years past it has been common prac
tice in the manufacture of dress goods and other
fabrics used for that and other purposes to orna
ment the material or the products fashioned
‘therefrom by sewing or otherwise attaching
1 or. thereto decorative fringe, tassels or the like. The
application of these ornamentations involved
considerable time, labor and expense, and the
resulting ?nished material left much to be de
sired in the way of smooth and attractive appear
20 ance. Moreover, the ornamental fringe or other
decorative material has customarily been applied
to the fabric after the fabric was made into the
garment or other completed article.
Heretofore the use of fringe, tassels and other
25 decorations of this character has necessarily been
restricted to plain and/or plain-colored fabrics,
because the placing of such decorations over other
fabrics, namely, printed or otherwise decorated
fabrics, in the manner described above, has hid
30 den parts of the printed design and consequently
detracted from the ornamental appearance of the
completed article to such an extent as to destroy
the attractiveness and saleability of the article as
a Whole.
35
Furthermore although designs have commonly
been woven into textile fabric, for example, by
Jacquard or other methods, such designs have
heretofore never been woven in such manner as
to produce a fringed design upon a plain or rela
40 tively plain fabric body as a background, either
with the fringe formed as an integral part of or
attached to the surface by sewing or other meth
ods.
One of the principal objects of the present in
45 vention is to create a fabric with a surface having
a fringe-like appearance.
Another object is to produce a fabric having a
fringe-like surface applied in the course of and
as the result of a method by which the fringe is
50 formed as an'integral part of the body of the
fabric.
Another object is the provision of a method
of forming a textile fabric with a fringe-like sur
face by which the fringe elements are included as
55 a part of the body of the fabric and are so dis
they will arrange themselves substantially against
the surface of the material and in preferably 10
parallel relation longitudinally of the warp
threads of the fabric. By the use of this method
the resulting fabric is capable of having any de
sired design printed or otherwise applied to its
surface before the cutting operation which pro- 15
d-uces the ornamental fringe from the float
threads, the printing operation placing the design
directly upon the uncut fringe surface as well as
upon the remaining portions of the'fabric and not
being obstructed or interfered with by any inter 20
posed fringes or other decorations superposed
upon the fabric surface. In applying the printed
design the color effects pass into and through the
fringe elements into the underlying body of the
fabric with the result that the same print design 25
or parts thereof appear on the fringe and the
fabric body, so that the fringe, by taking the same
color as the body beneath it, does not hide any
part of the design,‘ but, on the contrary, empha
sizes the design and enhances its appearance.
30
My method may be used to produce fringed
fabric of various weaves, with or without the
application of any desired design or designs ap
plied thereto. While the fringe produced in car
rying out the method is preferably incorporated 35
in the warp of the fabric or in one or more of
the warps of a double warp fabric, it is also ca
pable of being formed in the weft, the invention
not being limited to the particular location of
the ?oat threads and ?nal fringe elements in 40
either the warp or the weft.
.
'
The invention, including both the method and
the fabric, and its several objects and advan
tages, will be clearly understood from the fol
lowing description, considered in connection with 45
the drawings, which show certain illustrative
embodiments of the invention.
7
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a Woven
fringe fabric embodying my invention, in course 50
of production by my method.
‘
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the fabric shown
in Fig. 1, taken on line 2-2 thereof.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing the
completed fringe fabric.
55
2,108,565
2 .
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2, taken on line
4—4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 3 of a fringe
fabric embodying my invention and produced by
my method, the fabric being of speci?cally dif
ferent form from that shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 4 taken on line
6-6 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a View similar to Fig. 3 showing an
other speci?c form of fringe fabric embodying
my invention, and
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary view of the surface of
a piece of textile fabric embodying my invention
and having a design applied thereto by printing
15
or similar methods.
_
Generally speaking, the method which, in part,
constitutes my invention, involves the forming of
?oat threads on either or both surfaces of a body
of textile fabric composed of warp and weft
20 threads, and the cutting of the ?oat threads to
form‘ fringe elements. As shown in Fig. 1 the
?oat threads 3 are preferably formed in one of
the warps l of a body of woven textile fabric
having a double-warp I, 2, and weft 4. The warp
in which the float threads 3 occur are interlocked
with the weft 4 and warp 2 at intervals which
may be varied at will dependent upon the par
ticular design, character or length of fringe to
be produced. After the fabric shown in Figs. 1
30 and 2 has been woven (and printed, if a printed
design is to be applied) the ?oat threads are cut
at one end or at any other desired point such as
will leave a fringe thread or element 3a of suf
ficient length to, lie substantially against the sur
face of the fabric generally parallel to and lon
35
gitudinally of the warp threads.
The speci?c arrangements of the fringe ele-'
ments or threads in Figs. 3 and 5, as will be ob
served, produce fringed fabrics having fringe so
disposed upon their surfaces as to produce dif
ferent fringe designs and, consequently, different
ornamental appearances for the fabric.
By way of illustration of the wide variety of
fabrics and/or designs to which my invention
may be applied the fabrics shown in Figs. 3 and
5 are or may be produced by plain or Jacquard
weaving, while that shown in Fig. '7 is of a dif
ferent character, and represents an example of
fringed fabric obtainable by Jacquard weaving
only.
'
The fringed fabric shown in Fig. '7 within the 15
design illustrated is otherwise of the same struc
ture and'produced by the same method as the
fabric shown in the other ?gures of the drawings.
Although I prefer to use threads of cellulose
products for my fringe threads, my invention is 20
not limited to the use of threads of any particu
lar material, size or weight.
I claim:
The method of forming woven fabric having a
fringe-like surface and a printed design applied
to said surface, which comprises weaving warp
and weft threads to form a body with a series of
spaced parallel ?oat threads on a surface of said
body and interlocked with said body at intervals,
applying a, printed design to the fabric surface 30
and the ?oat threads and the portions of the
fabric surface underlying said ?oat threads, and
cutting said ?oat threads adjacent one end there
of to form fringe attached to the fabric and lying
substantially against the fabric surface.
CHARLES ROSENSTEIN.
35
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