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Патент USA US2108595

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Feb. 15, 1938.
A. H. PHILLIPS ET AL
2,108,595
MULTIFORM STATIONERY
Filed Dec; 1, 192B
/
mm
ATTORN EY$
2,108,595
_ Peasants-~15;193s
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
amass:
'
MULTIFOBM STATIONERY
'
'
Arthur ‘a. Phillips. Hempotead, N. 1., and William
Allan, Jr., Ridge?eld Park, N. 1., assignors, by
mesne assignments, to American Sales Book
Companyglnc” a corporation of Delaware
Application December 1, 1928, Serial No. seam
51 cams. (a. 282-12)
This invention relates to printed forms of the
multiplicate type and is concerned more particu
lary with a continuous multiplicate form or
‘manlfolding assembly made up of a plurality of
strips each of which is printed to carry a plu
rality of successive form sections. These strips,
“arranged with their sections in registry, are
adapted to be passed through a typewriter or
other printing apparatus for inscribing data
10 thereon, a group of sections, one from each strip.
_ then being separated from the strips and dis
tributed in the usual way.
Multiplicate forms as heretofore constructed are
subject to the objection that the several strips
15 which go to make up a continuous form have a
tendency to move out of alignment or creep, and
this is particularly the case where the form is
moved around a roller as, for instance, in a type
writer. In such manipulation of the form, the
strips which are farthest from the surface of
the roller tend to creep longitudinally with re
spect to the inner strips and as this creepage
is cumulative throughout the length of the form,
the sections on the different strips soon move out
of registry so that data inscribed on the original
strip is displaced on the copies. In order to use
forms of this type, it is necessary that the sev
eral strips of which the form is composed be re
moved from the machine, realigned and then re
30 inserted. These operations consume much time
so that many of the advantages which the form
is intended to offer are lost.
The form of the present invention is construct
ed to overcome these difficulties. This form or
manifoldin‘g assembly includes a plurality of
strips carrying successivev form sections or form
leaves separated by weakened lines as, for in
stance, by perforations, and the several strips
which make up the form are secured together
40 by fastening means which prevents slippage or
creepage. The fastening‘ devices employed for
of perforations and so formed that in the tearing
of a part of the form from the main body the
fastening device is released. Different fastening
means may be employed for the purpose, but we
prefer to connect the several strips together byv
stitching in, across, or adjacent to the lines of
perforations, the stitching being sufficiently
strong to hold the several strips together but
being su?lciently weak and so placed as to be
broken or otherwise released in tearing off a part 10
of the form. Instead of the stitching, a metallic
clip, a loop of cord or paper, or tongues cut from
each strip making up the form may be employed
for fastening purposes, all of these fastening ‘
vmeans being so placed as to be rendered ineffec 15
tive in the tearing or cutting free of one part of
the form.
For a better understanding of the invention,
reference, is made to the accompanying draw
ing, in which
'
Figure 1 illustrates a composite nrul‘tiform
strip or manifolding assembly showing several
different types of fastening means;
.20
‘
Fig. 2 illustrates the manner in which the fas
tening means may be employed for separately 25
fastening together the carbon sheets and the
- forms;
Fig. 3 illustrates the longitudinally separable
multiform strip ?tted with fastening means;
Fig. 4 illustrates an enlarged partially diagram 30
matic cross-section of the fastening means l5 as
seen along the line L-l of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the fastening
means applied to continuous interfolded form
strips; and
35
Fig. 6 illustrates in perspective the way in
which the fastening means is rendered ineffective
as the multiform strip is separated into its sev
eral sets of multiplicate forms.
In the drawing, numeral Ill designates a con 40
I
tinuous multlform strip of stationery consisting
of a number of multiplicate strips of like char
aoteristics, different qualities, different colors,
different shapes, interleaved with carbon paper,
‘ form, the fastening devices are released so that. _ or they like,_ithis composite strip or manifolding 45
the several sections which'make up one part of assembly It being adapted to be separated into
the form may be readily separated and. diatribe; the several sets of multiplicate forms or leaf sets
by tearing along the lines of perforations l I. On
uted in the usual way. _
The desired object is attained 'by separating; . this strip III are illustrated several alternate types
of fastening means. In one type of fastening 50
successive sections of each strip by lines or perfo
rations, so that a part ‘of the form made up of means cross-stitching I2 is employed where the
sections or leaves of each strip may be readily ?ne thread is passed back and forth across the
removed from the main body of the form. ‘The perforation line I l and through the several multi
fastening means by which the several strips are plicate forms of adjacent sets of forms, the ends
connectedtogether are placed at or near the lines - of the thread may be left‘unsecured if desired 55
the purpose in no way interfere with the normal
use of the form and‘ as-one part of the'form is
written up and torn from‘the main body of the
2
2,108,596
'so that the thread will pull out of the forms if. tions, the tongues of one series being in staggered‘
it does not break when the adjacent sets of forms relation with those of the other series. In other
are separated.
,
words, the alternate tongues of each line fly in
In another type the fastening means comprises one direction while the other tongues of the same
stitching l3 made directly along the perforation line ?y in the opposite direction. It will be seen
line ll whereby the multiplicate forms of adja
that when the adjacent forms in multiplicate are
cent setsare secured together while these sets separated by tearing along perforation line H,
make up the composite multiform strip I'll. Upon the tabs l5 are also rendered ineffective for fur—
separation of these several sets of forms by tear
ther fastening the forms together.
The foregoing types of fastening means may be 10
10 ing along line II, stitching I3 is also torn apart
or unravelled in the same general way as is shown
employed for fastening together all of the mul
in Fig. 6.
tiplicate strips which produce the composite mul
The type of fastening means designated I‘ in
Fig. 1 consists of stitching made across the pre
15 determined line of separation of the strip, such
as perforation line H. In this form the separate
forms are held together in juxtaposition by the
stitching remaining even after they are divided
into sets. This remaining stitching, however,
2O only holds the separate forms lightly together,
and by separating each form from the others this
stitching tears through the paper or unravels.
Thus a double advantage is found‘ in type H,
namely the strips of successive forms are held
25 together in registry and the sets of forms are
also held together in registry, only part of the
stitching having been broken or separated when
adjacent sets of forms were torn apart along
line II. This arrangement is also shown in Fig.
3, which is to be described later.
Instead of using separate fastening means such
as a cord, thread, stitching and the like, the
=50
paper of the multiform strip may serve as the fas
tening means when it is partially perforated and
35 the cut portions passed through the several
multiplicate sheets and folded back in the man
ner shown at IS in Figs. 1 and 4. Here the sev
eral sheets are cut through in the form of a V or
semi-circle, and the tongues or tabs thus formed
40 are bent upwardly or downwardly along the per
foration line H so as to secure the several sheets
together as shown in Fig. 4.
It will be noted that
the cuts forming the tongues l5 also provide aper
tures in the respective strips, the tongues and
45 apertures being substantially aligned with each
other depthwise of the assembly so that said
tongues may be readily de?ected into the adjacent
apertures.
The cuts deviate or are de?ected lon
gitudinally of the assembly from the general
50 course of the severance lines ll so as to form the
tongues l5 extending from the adjacent edges of
the record and carbon leaves, and similarly to
form notches or openings in the leaf edges. Also
it will be noted that said cuts are closely spaced
55 apart in each series so that severance along the
weakened severance lines ll may be readily ef
fected, the narrow sections of strip between ad
jacent cuts being readily severable. In other
words, the positioning of the cuts close together
60 weakens the several strips so that they may be
readily torn throughout the extent of each trans
verse series of cuts.
The remainder of the sev
erance lines ll may be weakened in any well
known manner. 'It is preferred that these
65 tongues be cut and bent in opposite directions in
the manner shown, in order that relative move
ment between multiplicate strips is prevented in
all directions. The tongues i5 being bent or de
?ected from the planes of their respective strips,
70 respectively engage and interlock in the adjacent
perforations so as to e?ectively maintain the
strips of the assembly in their correct superposed
manifolding relation. It is advantageous as shown
to arrange the tongues ii of each severance line
75 in two series facing or ?ying in opposite direc
tiform strip, whether or not they are interleaved
with carbon strips.
In Fig. 2 is shown a compos
ite multiform strip composed of multiplicate
form strips l6 interleaved with carbon strips ll,
is
as many of each being used as requirements de
mand, and being jointly separable along the lines
of perforations l8 into the several sets of multi
plicate forms or leaf sets in the usual way. The
form strips iii are each notched at I9 so as to ex
pose all of the carbon strips l1, and the carbon
strips are each notched at 20 in the same way so
as to expose all of the multiplicate strips I6. This
is done to facilitate the separation of the carbon 25
leaves or sheets from the record or form leaves
after they have been separated in multiplicate by
tearing along perforation lines iii. In this type
of multiform strip, the fastening means 2| of
this invention may be placed in the notches i9
and 20 or either of them, and may be any of the
types described, such as the cross-stitching illus
trated. Accordingly, when adjacent sets of forms
in multiplicate are separated by tearing along
lines l8, the fastening means 2| are also sep
arated, so that the means in no way prevent the
removal of the carbon sheets I1 from the form
sheets l6, which may be done simply by grasp
ing the carbon sheets in notch I9 and the form
sheets in notch 20 and pulling them apart.
40
In the embodiment of Fig. 2 it will be noted that
the apertures or notches IQ of the record strips
are positioned only at the alternate severance
lines l8 and that the apertures 20 of the carbon
strips are also located only at the alternate sev 45
erance lines I8. These grip forming apertures
l9 and 20 of the record and transfer strips are
positioned in the assembly so that they occur at
each of the successive severance lines, the aper
tures I 9 of the record strips being positioned in 50
depthwise alignment with grip areas of the trans
fer strips, and: the apertures 20 of the carbon
strips being positioned in depthwise alignment
‘with grip areas of the record strips. Also these
grip forming apertures extend to points both 55
forwardly and rearwardly of the division lines.
This arrangement provides selective grip forma
tions at spaced parts of each leaf set whereby
the record leaves of a severed set may be selec
tively gripped at one point and the carbon leaves 60
of the set selectively gripped at another point,
thus facilitating a ready separation of the carbon
leaves from the record leaves of the set. It will
be noticed that the fastening devices 2| etc. pass
directly through the grip forming apertures l9
and 20 and are smaller in area than the latter
passing freely therethrough so as to provide
for slight adjustments of the record strips with
reference to the carbon strips. The fastening de
vices secure the record strips quite firmly and sub 70
stantially rigidly to each other, and similarly at
tach the carbon strips together. The openings
I9 and 20 open through the edges of the respec
tive transfer and carbon leaves at the respective
division. lines I8.
75
3
2,108,595
In Fig. 5 is shown how the fastening means of
strips at said lines, said means being separately‘,
this invention may be applied in a different way ' rendered ineffective upon tearing along said lines.
to the continuous interfolded multiform strip
3. Multiform stationery comprising a plurality
22 which is folded in alternate directions ‘so as to of superimposed record strips interleaved with
be arrangeable in a stack as shown. If stitching
vis employed, the adjacent forms may be sewn
, loosely together when folded as shown at 23 in
Fig. 5, so that the act of tearing adjacent forms
apart also tears or unravels or pulls out the thread
10 in the general manner shown in Fig. 6. This
method of fastening does not in any way inter
fere with the function of the interfolded multi
form strip, allowing it to be passed flat through
the typewriting or other printing machine with
15 the same facility as a straight or rolled strip, the
fastening means preventing creeping between
multiplicate strips in the manner described.
It will be seen that a multiplicate form con
structed in accordance with this invention over
20 comes the di?iculties heretofore encountered in
the use of forms of this type, since the several
strips which make up the form are held against
carbon sheets and each having transverse weak‘
ened severance lines providing for tearing them
into a plurality of sets of multiplicate forms,
means located at certain of said lines for inde
pendently securing the strips together, and means
located at certain of ‘said lines for independently 10
securing the carbon sheets together, said means
lbgeing releasable upon tearing the strips along sai
nes.
.>
~
-
4. In a record assembly, in combination, a
plurality of long continuous record strips, at least
one long continuous transfer strip interleaved in
transfer relation with the record strips, each of
said record and transfer strips having a longi
tudinal series of weakened transverse severance
lines dividing the assembly into sets of relatively 20
superposed record and transfer leaves, each of
said weakened lines including a series of aper
creeping or otherwise shifting out of registry until tures closely spaced apart so as to weaken said
the time the form is written up. Thereafter when strips for tearing along the severance lines, said
25 the inscribed‘ part of the form is freed from the lines including also a series of tongues integral
main body thereof, the fastening device is at once with the respective strips, said apertures and
rendered ineffective and the several leaves which tongues being positioned respectively in align
make up a part of the form may be separated ‘ ment with each other depthwise of the assembly,
said tongues being de?ected away from their re
and distributed in the ordinary way. The fas
30 tening means in no way interferes with the in
tended use and function of the form and may be
spective strips and engaging in the respective
employed whether or not the strips of the form
are interleaved with carbon. The fastening
means is inconspicuous, does not add substantially
35 to the cost of the form and makes the form much
tachably in superposed manifolding relation with
more convenient to handle so that a saving in the
cost of using these forms is effected.
- The type of multiform strip which has been
described is intended to be separated transversely
40 along lines II, as indicated in Fig. 1. In Fig. 3
the longitudinally separable type of multiform
strip 24 is shown, which, however, may also be
separated transversely either before or after being
separated longitudinally. In this type, the fas
aligned apertures so as to hold the strips de
each other. _
,
5. In a record assembly, in combination, a plu
rality of long continuous record strips, at least one
long continuous transfer strip interleaved in
transfer relation with the record strips, each of
said record and transfer strips having a longi
tudinal series of weakened transverse severance
lines dividing the assembly into sets of relatively 40
superposed record and transfer leaves, each of
said weakened lines including a. series of aper
tures closely spaced apart so as to weaken said
strips for tearing along the severance lines, said
45 tener,‘such as the stitching 26 may be inserted lines including also a series of tongues integral 45
in or adjacent the line 25 so that the act of tear ‘with the respective strips, said apertures and
ing along line 25 also' renders the fastener in
effective.
While the fastening means has been described
50 as applied at or near the boundaries of the sec
tions which makeup the strips, it is to be under
stood that these boundaries need not be de?ned
s55
tongues being positioned respectively in align
ment with each other depthwise of the assembly,
_
said tongues being de?ected away from their re
spective strips and engaging in the respective 50
aligned apertures so as to hold the strips de
tachably in superposed manifolding relation with
by lines of perforations since the parts of the
each other, said tongues of each weakened sev
form may be severed from the main body thereof
erance line being in staggered relation with ref- -
by cutting instead of tearing. When the cutting
method is employed, the fastening device is de
e‘rence to each other.
stroyed as before.
'
We claim:
1. Multiform stationery comprising a plurality
60 of superimposed strips having weakened sever
ance lines providing for tearing them into a plu
rality of multiplicate forms, and stitching located
on and extending across said lines for securing
the strips together, said stitching engaging and
65 passing through said strips near to but at points
.
5.5
6. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed strips having transverse weak
ened severance lines providing for severing them
into a plurality of multiplicate forms, and stitch
ing located on and extending across said sever
ance lines for attaching the strips together, said
stitching engaging and passing through said
strips near to but at points spaced from said
weakened lines so as to release the strips from at
spaced from said weakened lines so as to be re
tachment by said stitching upon severance along 65
said lines, said stitching including thread having
leased from said strips upon tearing along said
a free‘end so as to facilitate the release.
'7. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed strips having a plurality of ion
gitudinally spaced transverse weakened sever 70
ance lines providing for severing them into a plu
spaced transverse weakened severance lines pro
viding for tearing them into a plurality of sets rality of sets of multiplicate forms, means for at
taching together certain but not all of said strips
of multiplicate forms, means for securing to
gether certain of said strips at said lines, and in- , at respective said lines and including stitching
75 dependent means for securing together other extending across the lines and engaging and 75
weakened lines.
2. Multiform stationery comprising a‘plurality
70 of superimposed strips having a plurality of
4
Cr
10
2,108,595
passing through said strips at points spaced from
the lines, and independent means for attaching
together other strips at respective said lines‘ and
including stitching extending across the lines and
engaging and passing through the strips at points
ance lines so as to form selective grip apertures
in the respective adJacent carbon leaves and ex
spaced from the lines, whereby each of said se
curing means is released upon strip severance
upon said lines.
8. Multiform stationery including a plurality
posing marginal grip areas of the record leaves,
said openings of the record and carbon strips be
ing spaced apart so as to provide selective grip
formations spaced apart in each set of leaves, and
of superimposed strips having longitudinally
spaced transverse weakened severance lines pro
viding for severing them into a plurality of mul
tiplicate forms, and stitching located on and ex
tending across said lines for attachingthe strips
together, said stitching engaging and passing
through said strips near to but at, points spaced
from said weakened lines so as to release said
strips from attachment by said stitching upon
severance along said weakened lines, certain but
20 not all of said strips being provided with grip
forming apertures within the bounds of which
said stitching is respectively located.
9. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed record and carbon strips inter~
25 leaved in transfer relation and each having lon
gitudinally spaced weakened transverse sever
ance lines providing for severing them into a plu
rality of sets of multiplicate forms, attaching
means located at certain of said lines for inde
30 pendently securing the record strips together,
and attaching means located at certain other1 of
said lines for independently securing the carbon
strips together, said strips being provided with
grip-forming apertures within the bounds of
35 which said attaching means are respectively
located.
10. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed strips having weakened sever
ance lines along which they may be simultane
40 ously severed, and stitching located at and ex
tending across said weakened lines for attaching
securing means securing the strips together and 10
located respectively within said openings.
13. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed record and carbon strips ar
ranged in transfer relation and having longitudi
nally spaced transverse weakened severance lines 15
dividing them into record and carbon leaves and
providing for severing them into sets of record
and carbon leaves in transfer relation with each
other, said record strips having openings located
at and extending to opposite sides of certain of 20
said lines so as to form selective grip apertures
in the respective adjacent record leaves and ex
posing marginal grip areas of the carbon leaves,
said carbon strip having openings located at and
extending to opposite sides of certain of its sev
erance lines so as to form selective grip aper
tures in the respective adjacent carbon leaves
and exposing marginal grip areas of the record
leaves, said openings of the record and carbon
strips being spaced apart so as to provide selec 30
tive grip formations spaced apart in each set of
leaves, and securing means securing the strips
together and located respectively within said
openings, said securing means being located at
the respective severance lines so as to be released 35
by severance along said lines.
14. A manifolding assembly including a plu
rality of relatively superposed continuous strips,
each having a series of transverse division lines
dividing it into a series of leaves, and forming a 40
series of sets of relatively superposed leaves, said
the'strips together, said stitching engaging and
passing through said strips and extending to
strips having longitudinally spaced selective grip
forming apertures positioned only in the vicinity
points spaced some distance from each of the
opposite sides of the severance lines so as to have
su?iciently ?rm attachment with the strips to
of alternate division lines of the respective strips,
each of said strips having grip areas respectively 45
aligned depthwise of the assembly with the re
continue to hold the strips together after the part
of the stitching extending across the weakened
lines is broken.
11. Multiform stationery including a plurality
50
of superimposed record and carbon strips ar
ranged in transfer relation and each having lon
gitudinally spaced weakened transverse sever
ance lines along which the strips may be severed
55 into sets of multiplicate forms, securing means
located at certain of said lines for independently
securing the record strips together, and securing
means‘located at certain other of said lines for
independently securing the carbon strips to
60 gether, said securing means including stitching
65
ing marginal grip areas of the carbon leaves, said
carbon strip having openings located at and ex
tending to opposite sides of certain of its sever
spective grip-forming apertures and lying both
forwardly and rearwardly of the respective divi
sion lines, and attaching devices attaching the
strips together and located within the bounds of 50
the respective grip-forming apertures.
15. A manifolding assembly including a plu
rality of relatively superposed continuous strips,
each having a series of transverse division lines
dividing it into a series of leaves, and forming a 55
series of sets of relatively superposed leaves, said
strips having longitudinally spaced selective grip
forming apertures positioned only in the vicinity
of alternate division lines of the respective strips,
each of said strips having grip ‘areas respectively 60
engaging and passing through said strips at
aligned depthwise of the assembly with the re
points spaced at both sides of said lines and ex
tending across the latter so as to be released upon
spective grip-forming apertures and lying both
forwardly and rearwardly of the respective divi
sion lines, and attaching devices attaching the
strips together and located within the bounds of 65
tearing the strips along said lines.
12. Multiform stationery including a plurality
of superimposed record and carbon strips ar
ranged in transfer relation and having longitudi
nally spaced transverse weakened severance lines
dividing them into record and carbon leaves, and
70 providing for severing them into sets of record
and carbon leaves in transfer relation with each:
other, said record strips having openings located
at and extending to opposite sides of certain of
said lines so as to form selective grip apertures in
75 the respective adjacent record leaves and expos
the respective grip-forming apertures, said at
taching devices being positioned at the respective
division lines whereby the strips are released
upon severance thereof on said division lines.
16. A manifolding assembly including a plu
rality of relatively superposed continuous strips,
each having a series of transverse division lines
dividing it into a series of leaves, and forming a
series of sets of relatively superposed leaves, said
strips having longitudinally spaced selective grip 75
5
2,100,595
'formingapertui'es positioned only in the vicinity
, of alernatedivision lines of the respective strips,
each of said strips having grip areas respectively
aligned depthwise of the assembly with the re
spective grip-forming apertures and lying both
forwardly‘ and rearwardly of the respective divi-_.
sion lines, and attaching devices attaching the
strips together and located within the bounds of
the respective grip-‘forming apertures, ‘said at
taching devices including stitching extending
across the respective division lines and engaging
transfer leaf ‘or leaves at another point of each
leaf set so as to expose grip sections of adjacent
strips, thus providing selective grip formations,
said grip formations‘being positioned at spaced
parts of each said ‘leaf set whereby the record
leaves may be selectively gripped at one point
and the transfer leaf or leaves selectively gripped
at another point, and securing devices for said
record strips positioned at the said grip sections
ther
f and passing ‘ through the respective 10
aligned grip-forming apertures and being selec
and passing through the strips at opposite sides
tively attached to the said grip sections and free
of said lines so as to release the strips upon
of direct attachment to the remaining strips so
as to secure the record strips together.
severance thereof along said lines.
_
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed
20. A manifolding assembly, including in 15
combination, a plurality of relatively superposed
continuous strips, each having a series of trans
verse division 'lines' dividing the respective strips
into a series of leaves and forming aseries of sets
20 of relatively superposed leaves, respective cor
continuous record and transfer strips including a
plurality of transfer strips interleaved in trans
fer relation with a plurality of record strips, each
'of said record and transfer strips having a series 20
15
17. A manifolding assembly including in com
of transverse division lines dividing the respective
responding division lines of the several strips be
ing arranged in groups in the assembly, said
strips having longitudinally spaced selective grip
forming apertures positioned only in the vicinity
26 of alternate division lines in the respective strips,
of sets of relatively superposed record leaves with
of said strips at each leaf set and being free of
other, said apertures being provided only in the
strips into a series of leaves so as to form a series
interleaved transfer leaves, the strips of said as
sembly being formed with selective grip-forming
25
and selective securing means selectively attached ' apertures arranged in sets and the apertures of
directly to and securing together a part only ' each set being in superposed relation with each
direct attachment to the remaining leaves there-“s vicinity of alternate division lines in the respec
tive strips, and the apertures of the aperture sets 30
80
being provided only in the record leaves at one
18. A manifolding assembly, including in com
point of each leaf set and only in the transfer
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
leaves at another point of each leaf set so as to
tinuous strips including a plurality of continu
- ous record strips and a plurality of continuous
expose grip sections of adjacent strips, thus pro
,35 transfer strips interleaved in transfer relation viding selective grip formations, said grip forma
with the record strips, each of said record and tions being positioned at spaced parts of each said
transfer strips having a series of transverse divi ' leaf set whereby the record leaves may be selec
sion lines dividing the respective strips into a tively gripped at one point and the transfer leaves
series of leaves so as to form a series of sets of selectively gripped at another point, and securing
devices for said record and transfer strips‘ posi 40
relatively superposed record leaves with inter
leaved transfer leaves, the strips of said assembly tioned at the said grip sections thereof at spaced
being formed with selective grip-forming aper
parts of each said set of leaves, said securing de
tures arranged in sets and the apertures of each
set being in superposed relation with ‘each other,
vices passing freely through the respective I
aligned grip-forming apertures and having en
gagement with the grip sections of the record 45
strips at one part of each leaf set, and passing
said apertures being provided only in the vicinity
of alternate division lines in the respective strips,
freely through the respective aligned grip-form
and the apertures of the aperture sets being pro
vided only in alternate strips‘ depthwise of the ing apertures and having engagement with‘the
assembly, selective securing means free of direct , grip sections of the transfer strips at another part
50
attachment to the transfer strips and selectively of each leaf set.
21. A manifolding assembly including, in com
attached directly to and securing the record
strips to each other at each set of leaves,_ and bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous strips, each having a series of leaves posi
selective securing means free of direct attach
ment to the record strips and selectively attached tioned one after another therealong, said leaves
directly to and securing the transfer strips to being relatively superposed to form a series of 55
each other at a part of each set of leaves spaced leaf sets positioned along, the assembly, each of
said strips having a longitudinal series of selec
from said ?rst mentioned securing means.
tive grip-forming apertures longitudinally spaced
_19. A manifolding assembly, including in com
bination,'a plurality of relatively superposed con
apart substantially the combined lengths of two
tinuous strips including a plurality of continuous
record strips and atleast one continuous transfer
strip interleaved in transfer relation with the
record strips, each of said record and transfer
strips having a series of transverse division lines
dividing the respective strips into a series of
of said leaves, each of‘ said grip-forming apertures
extending across the dividing line between two
adjacent leaves and into the said two adjacent
leaves so as to form a series of sets of relatively
superposed record and transfer leaves, the strips
of said assembly being formed with selective grip
forming aperturesarranged in sets and the aper
tures of each set being in superposed relation
with each other, said apertures being provided
only in the vicinity of alternate division lines in
the respective strips, the’ apertures of the aper-,
ture sets being provided only in the record leaves
75 at one point of each leaf set and only in the
leaves, and securing means at a series of points
along the assembly having selective attaching
engagement with a plurality of said strips and re
65
spectively passing loosely through said grip-form
ing apertures.
‘
22. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed long
continuous traveler record and transfer strips in 70
inscription transfer relation with each other,
strip securinfmeans substantially rigidly con
necting the record strips together and being ‘free
from direct connection with the transfer strips
at each of a series of points along the assembly, 75
6
2,108,696
and strip securing means substantially rigidly intermediate continuous strips having longitudi
connecting the transfer strips together and being nally spaced selective grip-forming apertures po
free from direct connection with the record strips sitioned only in the vicinity of alternate division
at each of a series of points along the assembly.
lines thereof, said grip-forming apertures extend
23. A manifolding assembly including, in com
ing to both of the opposite sides of the respective
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed rec
division lines, fastening means attaching together
ord leaves including an original leaf and a plu
strips above and below said intermediate strip
rality of copy leaves, a transfer leaf for each of and longitudinally spaced and located respective
said copy leaves interleaved in manifolding trans
ly within said apertures and both forwardly and
10 fer relation with said record leaves so as to trans
rearwardly of saiddivision lines at each aper
fer copies to each of said copy leaves, said record ture, said apertures opening through the 10
and transfer leaves having marginal apertures edges of the respective leaves so that the fasten
and the apertures of the record leaves being
spaced from those of the transfer leaves, said
15 assembly including only said record and transfer
leaves and being ?exible throughout its extent
adapting it for use in writing machines with
cylindrical platens, leaf securing means securing
the record leaves together and positioned adja
20 cent the edges of the record leaves and extending
through the apertures of the transfer leaves, and
leaf securing means spaced from said first men
tioned securing means and securing the transfer
leaves together and positioned adjacent the edges
25 of the transfer leaves and extending through
the apertures of the record leaves.
24. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous strips, each having a series of transverse
30 division lines dividing the respective strip into a
series of leaves and forming a series of sets
of relatively superposed leaves, fastening means
positioned in each of said sets of leaves selectively
attached to and securing less than the whole
35 number of leaves together to the exclusion of the
remaining leaves, and fastening means positioned
in each of said sets of leaves and spaced in the
respective sets from said first mentioned fasten
ing means and selectively attached to and secur
40 ing said remaining leaves together to the exclu
sion of ‘the others, and certain of said strips hav
ing selective grip forming apertures in depthwise
alignment respectively with each of said fasten
ing means and freely receiving the latter and
45 positioned marginally of the leaf sets so as to ex
pose marginal strip areas forming grip areas of
the respective attached leaves.
25. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
50 tinuous strips, each having a series of transverse
division lines dividing the respective strips into
a series of leaves and forming a series of sets of
- relatively superposed leaves, one or more of the
intermediate continuous strips having longitu
dinally spaced selective grip-forming apertures
positioned only in the vicinity of alternate divi
sion lines thereof, fastening meansattaching to
60
gether strips above and below said intermediate
strip and longitudinally spaced and located re
spectively within said apertures, said apertures
opening through the edges of the respective leaves
so that the fastening means may pass therefrom
when a set of leaves is divided along said division
lines, and a selective grip formation in each said
ing means at each side of said division lines may
pass freely from the aperture when a set of leaves
is divided along the dividing lines, and a selective 15
grip formation in each said set of leaves spaced
from the respective grip-forming apertures
whereby one or more of said leaves may be se
lectively gripped to the exclusion of the others.
27. A manifolding assembly including, in com 20
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous record strips, a plurality of continuous
transfer strips interleaved in transfer relation
with said record strips, said record and transfer
strips each having a longitudinal series of trans
verse weakened division lines dividing the respec
tice strip into a series of leaves and forming a
series of sets of relatively superposed record and
transfer leaves, said transfer strips having lon
gitudinally spaced selective grip-forming aper 30
tures positioned only in the vicinity of the alter
nate division lines thereof, said record strips also
having longitudinally spaced selective grip-form;
ing apertures positioned only in the vicinity of
alternate division lines thereof but being longi 35
tudinally spaced in the assembly from the ?rst
mentioned grip-forming apertures, said aper
tures of the record and transfer strips opening
through the edges of the respective leaves, fasten
ing means attaching together the “record strips 40
at different points along the assembly and lo
cated respectively within said apertures of‘the
transfer strips, and fastening means attaching
together said transfer strips at different points
along the assembly and located respectively with 45
in said apertures of the record strips.
28. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous record strips, a plurality of continuous
transfer strips interleaved in transfer relation 50
with said record strips, said record and transfer
strips each having a longitudinal series of trans
verse weakened division lines dividing the re
spective strip into a. series of leaves and forming
a series of sets of relatively superposed record 55
and .transfer leaves, said transfer strips having
longitudinally spaced selective grip-forming aper
tures positioned only in the vicinity of the alter
nate division lines thereof, said record strips also
having longitudinally spaced selective grip-form
ing apertures positioned only in the vicinity of
60
alternate division lines thereof but being longi
#tudinally spaced in the assembly from the ?rst
mentioned grip-forming apertures, said aper~
65 set of leaves spaced from the respective grip
tures of the record and transfer strips being lo~
forming apertures whereby the intermediate leaf cated directly at the respective division lines and
of a severed set may be selectively gripped to the extending to the opposite sides of the latter,’
exclusion of the leaves which are attached to
fastening means passing through the respective
gether by said fastening means.
apertures of the transfer strips at points in said
26. A manifolding assembly including, in com
apertures both forwardly and rearwardly of the 70
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
respective division lines and securing together
tinuous strips, each having a series of transverse the record strips, and fastening means passing
division lines dividing the respective strips ‘into through the respective apertures of one or more
a series of leaves and forming a series of sets of of the record strips atpoints in said apertures
75 relatively superposed leaves, one or more of the both forwardly and rearwardly of the respective
75
9,108,696
division lines and securing together the transfer - cluding a plurality of continuous record strips '
strips.
~
29. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous record strips, a plurality of continuous
transfer strips interleaved in transfer relation
and at least one continuous transfer strip int'er- -'
leaved in transfer relation with the record strips, "
each of said record and transfer strips having-a
plurality of longitudinally spaced transverse
an
weakened division lines dividing it into a series
with said record strips, each of said record and
of leaves so as to form a series of sets of rela- .
transfer strips having a series of longitudinally
spaced weakened transverse division lines divid
tively superposed record leaves with interleaved
transfer leaves, each of said division lines of the
transfer strip having a longitudinally diverging 10
10 ing the strips into a series of leaves so as to form
a series of sets of superposed record leaves “with
interleaved transfer leaves, each of said record
part so as to form a tongue on one transfer leaf
strips'having openings spaced therealong with
longitudinal spacing between adjacent openings
and an opening in the adjacent transfer leaf, said
diverging parts of the said transverse division
lines including cuts extending through the strip. 7
substantially equal to the combined lengths of
two leaf sets, each of said transfer strips having
ifolding assemblies and having a plurality of Ion
op-nings spaced therealong with longitudinal
spacing between adjacent openings substantially
equal to the combined lengths of two leaf sets
but spaced from the respective‘ apertures of the
record strips, said apertures of both the record
and transfer strips opening through the leaf
edges in which they are respectively located,
fastening devices passing respectively through the
said apertures of the transfer strips and securing
the record strips together, and fastening devices
passing respectively through the said apertures
of certain of the record strips and securing the
transfer strips together.
.
33. A continuous transfer strip for use in man
gitudinally spaced transverse weakened severance I
lines along which the strip may be severed and
dividing the strip into a series of transfer leaves,
each of said weakened severance lines including 20
a longitudinally diverging part so as to form a
tongue on an adjacent transfer leaf.
34. A continuous transfer strip for use in man
ifolding assemblies and ' having a plurality of
longitudinally spaced transverse weakened sev
25
erance lines along which the strip may be sev
ered and dividing the strip into a series of trans
fer leaves, each of said weakened severance lines
including a longitudinally diverging part so as i
30. A manifolding assembly including, in com ' to form a tongue on an adjacent transfer leaf, 30
said diverging line parts including cuts extending
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed con
tinuous record strips, a plurality of continuous through the strips. ,
35. A continuous manifolding strip for use in
transfer strips interleaved in transfer relation
with said record strips, each of said record and manifolding assemblies and having a plurality of
35 transfer strips having a series of longitudinally longitudinally spaced transverse weakened sever 35
ance lines along which the strip may be severed
spaced weakened transverse division lines divid
ing the strips into a series of leaves so as to form and dividing the strip into a series of manifolding
a series of sets of superposed record leaves with leaves, each of said weakened severance lines in
interleaved transfer leaves, ,each of said record cluding a series of closely spaced longitudinally
40 strips having openings spaced therealong with diverging parts so as to form a series of closely 40
longitudinal spacing between adjacent openings spaced tongues on an adjacent manifolding leaf.
36. A continuous manifolding strip for use in
substantially equal- to the combined lengths of
\ two leaf sets, and positioned at the respective manifolding assemblies and having a plurality of
30
division lines, each of said transfer strips having
45 openings spaced therealong with longitudinal
spacing between adjacent openings substantially
equal to the combined lengths of two leaf sets but
being longitudinally spaced from the respective
apertures of the record strips and positioned at
50 the respective division lines alternating with
those at which the ?rst mentioned apertures are
located, said apertures of both the record and
transfer‘ strips opening through the leaf edges
at the respective division lines, fastening devices
55 passing respectively through said apertures of the
transfer strips and securing the record strips to
gether, and fastening devices passing respectively
60
longitudinally spaced transverse weakened sever
ance lines along which the strip may be severed 45
and dividing the strip into a series of manifold
ing leaves, each of said weakened severance lines
including a series of closely spaced longitudinally
diverging parts so as to form a series of closely
spaced tongues on an adjacent manifolding leaf,
each of said diverging line parts including cuts
so
extending through the strip.
37. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuous strips in
through the apertures 'of certain of the record
cluding a plurality of continuous record strips 55
and at least one continuous transfer strip inter
leaved in transfer relation with the record strips,
each of said record and transfer strips having a
strips and securing the transfer strips together.
31. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuous strips, includ
weakened division lines dividing it into a series 60
of leaves, so as to'form a series of sets of rela
ing a plurality of continuous record strips and
at least one continuous transfer strip interleaved
in transfer relation with the'record strips, each
65 of said record and transfer strips having a plu~
rality of longitudinally spaced transverse weak
ened division lines dividing it into a series of
leaves so as to form a series of sets of relatively
superposed record leaves with‘ interleaved trans
fer leaves, each of said division lines of the trans
fer strip having a longitudinally diverging part
so as to form a tongue on one transfer leaf and
an opening in the adjacent transfer leaf.
32. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
75 ‘of relatively superposed continuous strips, in
plurality of longitudinally spaced transverse
tively superposed record leaves with interleaved
transfer leaves, each of said division lines of the
record and transfer strips having a series of
closely spaced deviating parts so as to form 'a
series of closely spaced tongues and apertures,
said tongues and apertures being respectively
aligned depthwise of the assembly and the
tongues being de?ected from their strips into the
apertures of adjacent strips and engaging therein 70
so as to hold the strips in ‘assembled relation.
38. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuous strips includ
ing a plurality of continuous record strips and
at least one continuous transfer strip interleaved
8
2,108,595
in transfer relation with the record strips, each
of said record and transfer strips having a plu
rality of longitudinally spaced transverse weak
ened division lines dividing it into a series of
leaves, so as to form a series of sets of relatively
superposed record leaves with interleaved trans
fer leaves, each of said division lines of the rec
‘ 0rd and transfer strips having a series of closely
spaced apertures, said division lines of at least
10 one 01' said strips having closely spaced deviating
parts forming a series of closely spaced tongues
which are de?ected from their strip or strips into
the respective apertures of adjacent strips and
engage therein to hold the strips in assembled
relation.
39. A manifolding record assembly of the char
acter described having, in combination, a plu
rality of continuous record strips in superposed
relation to each other, said record assembly hav
20 ing one or more transverse dividing lines along
of apertures closely spaced apart and arranged
in a series in the respective strips so as to weaken
said strips for tearing severance along the sever~
ance lines, said severance lines including also a
multiplicity of tongues integral with the respec
tive strips, said apertures and tongues being po
sitioned respectively in alignment with each oth
er depthwise of the assembly, said tongues of
each severance line being staggered with relation
to each other and being de?ected in opposite di 10
rections away from their respective strips and en
gaging in the respective apertures so as to hold '_
the strips in assembled manifolding relation. .
43. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
a plurality of relatively superposed manifolding 15
record strips each having a longitudinal series of
weakened severance lines dividing the assembly
into sets of relatively superposed leaves, each of
said weakened lines including a multiplicity of
apertures closely spaced apart and arranged in 20
which it may be divided into a plurality of sets
of record sheets, carbon sheets in interleaved
transfer relation with the record sheets of said
a series in the respective strips so as to weaken
said strips for tearing severance along the sev
sets, the dividing lines in certain of said strips
25 including a series of strip weakening perfora-r
tions weakening the strips for severance along
said dividing lines and having tongues integral
with the strips, respectively, said tongues de-_
?ected depthwise of the record assembly from
multiplicity of tongues integral with the respec
tive strips, said apertures and tongues being posi
tioned respectively in alignment with each other
depthwise of the assembly, said tongues of each
severance line being staggered with relation to
each other and facing in opposite directions and
being de?ected in opposite directions away from
their respective strips and engaging in the re
spective apertures so as to hold the strips in
30 one strip into interlocking relation with the per
forations in an adjacent strip, some of said
tongues ?ying in one direction and others in a
different direction.
40. A manifolding record assembly of the char
acter described having, in combination, a plu
rality of continuous record strips in superposed
relation to each other,,said record assembly hav
rance lines, said severance lines including also a
_ assembled manifolding relation.
44. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
a plurality of relatively superposed-manifolding '
record strips each having a longitudinal series
of weakened severance lines dividing the as
ing one or more transverse dividing lines along
which it may be divided into a plurality of sets
sembly into sets of relatively superposed leaves,
40 of record sheets, carbon sheets in interleaved
plicity of apertures closely spaced apart and
transfer relation with the record sheets of said
sets, the dividing lines in said strips including a
series of strip weakening perforations weakening
the strips for severance along said dividing lines,
45 and including tongues some of which are dis
placed depthwise of the record assembly in a
depthwise direction opposite to that of the others,
and engage with the respective perforations of
an adjacent strip.
41. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
50
a plurality of relatively superposed manifolding
record strips each having a longitudinal series of
weakened severance linesdividing the assembly
into sets of relatively superposed leaves, each of
55 said weakened lines including a multiplicity of
apertures closely spaced apart and arranged in
a series in the respective strips so as to weaken
each of said weakened lines including a multi
40 x
arranged in a series in the respective strips so as
to weaken said strips for tearing severance along
the severance lines, said severance lines includ
ing also a multiplicity of tongues integral with
the respective strips, said apertures and tongues 45
being positioned respectively in alignment with
each other depthwise of the assembly, said
tongues of each severance line being arranged in
two series facing toward each other and in oppo
site directions, and being de?ected away from
their respective strips and engaging in the re
spective apertures so as to hold the strips in as
sembled manifolding relation.
45. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
a plurality of relatively superposed manifolding
records strips each having a longitudinal series
said strips for tearing severance along the sever ' of weakened severance lines dividing the assem
ance lines; said severance lines including also a bly into sets of relatively superposed leaves, each
of said weakened lines including a multiplicity
multiplicity
of tongues integral with the respec
60
of apertures closely spaced apart and arranged in 60
tive strips, said apertures and tongues being po
sitioned respectively in alignment with each other a series in the respective strips so as to weaken
depthwise of the assembly, said tongues of each said strips for tearing severance along the sev
severance line being staggered with relation to erance lines, said severance lines including also
a multiplicity of tongues integral with the re
65 each other and facing in opposite directions and spective strips, said apertures and tongues being
being de?ected away from-their respective strips
and engaging in the respective apertures so as to positioned respectively in alignment with each
hold the strips in assembled manifolding rela
tion.
42. In a manifolding assembly, in combination,
70
a plurality of relatively superposed manifolding
record strips each having a longitudinal series
of weakened severance lines dividing the assem
bly into sets of relatively superposed leaves, each
75 of said weakened lines including a multiplicity
other depthwise of the assembly, said tongues of
each severance line being arranged in two series
facing in opposite directions, and the tongues of
one series being staggered with those of the other 70
series, said tongues being de?ected away from
their respective strips and engaging in the re-'
spective apertures so as to hold the strips in as
sembled manifolding relation.
75
9
2,108,595
46. In a manifolding assembly, in combina
tion, a plurality of relatively superposed strips
each leaf set whereby the record leaf grip areas
may be selectively gripped to the exclusion of the
each having a weakened severance line, said sev~
erance lines being in group relation and dividing,
transfer leaf or leaves, the transfer leaf or leaves
of each said leaf set having a marginal grip area
or areas extending outwardly beyond the‘ adja
cent edges of the record leaves so as to provide a
the assembly into sets of relatively superposed
leaves, each of said weakened severance lines in- '
cluding closely spaced cuts in the strips, weaken
ing them for tearing severance along the sever
ance lines, said cuts being arranged to provide
10 a series of closely spaced apertures and integral
tongues, said apertures and tongues being in re
I spectively superposed relation in the superposed
strips and the tongues being deflected into the
a'linged apertures and engaging in interlocking
15 relation therein so as to retain the strips in as
sembled relation.
47. A manifolding assembly including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively superposed long
continuous traveler record and transfer strips po
20 sitioned in inscription transfer relation with each
other, each of said record and transfer strips
having a series of longitudinally spaced transverse
division lines dividing the respective strips into
a series of leaves, and forming a series of sets of
25 interleaved record and transfer leaves in trans
selective grip formation in each leaf set spaced
from the ?rst mentioned grip formation whereby
the transfer leaf grip areas may be selectively
gripped to the exclusion of the record leaves, and 10
longitudinally spaced attaching devices respec
tively juxtaposed to certain of said selective grip
formations for securing the assembly strips to
gether, said attaching devices being positioned
only at the selective grip formations and only
respectively adjacent to said transverse division
lines.
49. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuous strips, in
cluding a continuous record strip and a continu
ous transfer strip interleaved in superposed re
lation, said record strip being provided with trans
versely disposed weakened severance lines divid
ing it into leaves, a portion each of said severance
line being constituted by an opening in the record
fer relation with each other, a plurality of said
leaves of each said set when severed from the as
strip, said transfer strip having cuts therein form
ing tongues integral with the strip and positioned
sembly along the dividing lines having marginal
grip areas extending outwardly beyond the ad
adjacent to the respective said openings and pro
jecting through the latter.
50. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuous strips, in
30 jacent edges of one or more of the adjacent rela
tively ‘superposed leaves of the same set so as to
provide a selective grip formation, said adjacent
leaf or leaves of each leaf set severed from the as
sembly along the dividing lines having a marginal
area or areas spaced from said grip formation of
the same set and extending outwardly from the
other leaves so as to provide a second selective
grip formation, and a plurality of longitudinally
spaced strip‘ attaching means attaching the strips
40 ‘together and respectively juxtaposed to certain
of said‘marginal grip areas and lying outside of
the edges of said adjacent leaves of the respec
tive sets, certain of said attaching means being
positioned inwardly of the record-strip edges and
on the respective division lines of the record strips
so as to be released upon severance of the strips
on said lines.
‘
,
'
48. A manifolding assembly’ including, in com
bination, a plurality of relatively‘superposed long
50 continuous traveler record’and transfer strips po
sitioned in inscription transfer relation with each
other, each of said record and transfer strips hav
ing a series of longitudinally spaced transverse
division lines dividing the respective strips into a
series of leaves, and forming a series of sets of
interleaved record and transfer leaves in transfer
relation with each other, the record leaves of
each said leaf set having relatively superposed
marginal grip areas extending outwardly beyond
60 the adjacent edge of the transfer leaf or leaves
so as to provide a selective grip formation in
30
cluding a continuous record strip and a continu
ous transfer strip interleaved in superposedv re
lation, said record and transfer strips being each
provided with transversely disposed weakened
severance lines dividing them into record and
transfer leaves, each said severance line of one of
said strips including an opening, the other of said
strips having a plurality of tongues respectively
positioned to enter said openings, said tongues 40
being cut from the strip in which they are located
and having their bases coinciding with the re
spective severance lines of the strip having the
tongues, said tongues interlocking with the open
ings in the other strip.
51. A manifolding assembly having a plurality
of relatively superposed continuousv strips, includ
ing a continuous record strip and a continuous
transfer strip interleaved in superposed relation,
said record and transfer strips being each pro 50
vided with transversely disposed weakened sev
erance lines dividing them into record and trans
fer leaves, each said severance line of one of
said strips including an opening, each said sev
erance line of the other of said strips having a
longitudinally deviating cut forming a tongue,
said tongues respectively interlocking with the
openings of the other strip.
ARTHUR H. PHILLIPS.
WILLIAM ALLAN, JR.
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