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Патент USA US2108665

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Feb. 15, 1938.
' Filed Aug. 15, 1935
7710/7/15 M67550”
Patented Feb. 15, 1938
Thomas M. Gibson, North Attleboro, Mass., as
signor to Evans Case Company, North Attle
boro, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts
Application August 13, 1935, Serial No. 35,922
5 Claims. (Cl. 132-82)
parts throughout the 'several views of the
This invention relates to a vanity case con
struction and more particularly to the powder drawing,
As conducive to a clearer understanding of
sifting portion thereof.
One of the objects of this invention is to pro
5 vide a vanity case construction which is simple,
certain features of this invention, it might here
be pointed out that many compacts designed to
practical and durable. Another object is to pro
vide a construction of the above character which
may be made from inexpensive material and
whose manufacture is free from complication
and detail work. Another object is to provide
carry loose powder have a screen-like powder
a construction of the above character which will
more, some of the powder sifts through screens
be neat and attractive in appearance and yet be
of such sturdy construction as to withstand hard
usage. Another object is to provide a construc
15 tion of the above character which may be easily
manufactured at a low cost due in part to sim
plicity of design and ease of assembly. Another
object is to provide a construction of the above
of this general character into the upper part of
the compact when it is moved about in every day
use; thus a large amount of powder may collect
upon the powder puff when not wanted where it
may leak out into the pocket or purse in which
it is carried. Furthermore, it is undesirable to
have a large amount of powder on the puff while
using it and consequently the user must shake
some of the powder off the puff back into the
vanity case, during which process powder may
get on the user’s clothes and also rests in the
upper compartment of the compact where it will
leak out later as described above. Certain of the
character wherein leakage through the powder
sifting portion is materially reduced if not elimi
nated. Another object is to provide a construc
tion of the above character from which the de
sired quantity of powder may easily be obtained.
Another object is to provide a construction of
the above character wherein the powder does not
cake against or otherwise clog the powder sifting
mechanism. Another object is to provide a con
struction of the above character which may be
sifter which holds the powder therein. Powder
often cakes upon these screens or Sifters, mak
ing it very difficult to get a su?icient amount of
powder therethrough when desired.
objects of this invention are to provide a con
struction wherein the above difficulties as well as
many others are successfully and efficiently over
Referring ?rst to Figure 2, a compact generally
easily re?lled. Other objects will be in part
3O obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly consists in the fea
tures of construction, combinations of elements,
and arrangements of parts as will be exempli?ed
indicated at I ll preferably comprises a bottom
portion l2 having its outer edges spun inwardly to
form a top portion l3 forming an aperture 8
in the structure to be hereinafter described and
35 the scope of the application of which will be
beneath the edge of aperture 8 to bottom por
tion I2 is an annular wall l4. Portions I2 and
I3 and wall I4 preferably are constructed from
indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawing, in which is
shown one of the various embodiments of my in
Figure 1 is a top plan View of a compact having
my powder sifter installed therein with the lid
in an open position;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the com
pact shown in Figure 1 with the lid in a closed
45 position;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of
a portion of the wall of the compact;
Figure 4 is a greatly enlarged plan view of a
portion of the screen-like powder sifter, and
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view of a por
tion of the powder sifter resting upon the powder
after a portion of the powder has been sifted
Similar reference characters refer to similar
(Figure 1) therein. Extending vertically from
a suitable metal or similar material and wall l4
may be secured therebetween in any suitable
manner, e. g., soldering. Thus I have formed a
well 9 within the compact ll] having a vertical
side wall M, the bottom thereof being a part of
portion l2.
An annular ring l5 ?ts within Well 9 adjacent
and preferably parallel to wall l4 and extends
from the upper edge of aperture 8 to the inside
surface of bottom portion l2. A ?ange I6 is se
cured to and extends from the upper edge of ring
l5 and extends outwardly over top portion 13 of
the compact, thereby both strengthening and
enhancing the appearance of the article.
Flange It also extends inwardly to provide an
annular seat I‘! (Figure 2) extending over the
outer portion of well 9.
To hold ring I5 securely within well 9 and yet
provide for easy removal thereof when desired, 55
I provide a catch generally indicated at l8 (Fig
ure 3) near the top of wall l4. Catch i8 is pref
erably cut out of wall I 4 so that its pivots substan
tially about a horizontal axis.
In the center of
catch I8 I form a detent l9 having a channel 20
leading therefrom to the upper edge of the catch,
and top portion I3 is provided with a slot 2|
immediately thereabove.
Upon annular ring IE5
at a point which is in registry with detent l9
when the ring is placed within well 9, there is a
pimple 22 extending outwardly therefrom. Thus
when ring I5 is to be placed within the well,
pimple 22 is placed in registry with slot 2|. The
ring is then pressed downwardly, the pimple
15 guided by channel 20 drops into detent l9 and
ring I5 is thus securely mounted in well 9.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a lid generally
indicated at 23 having a metal mirror 24 secured
therein rests upon seat I‘! and is hingedly se
cured thereto at a point directly above pimple
22. In order to hold lid 23 in a closed position
I preferably provide a catch 25 at a point sub
stantially opposite the hinge which snaps under
the edge of seat I‘! when the lid is closed (Figure
25 2). Adjacent catch 25 I provide a ?ngerpiece 1
to open the cover by pulling catch 25 away from
seat ll. When annular ring i5 is to be removed
from the well of the compact, lid 23 may be
opened, and as it is connected to annular ring 15
directly above pimple 22, by pulling upwardly
through the sifter onto the upper surface there
of. Thus a sifter made from the screen-like ma
terial described in this application combines two
admirable characteristics, i. e., the ability to seal
the powder in the lower portion of well 9 when
the compact is being carried, and the ability to
sift out a considerable quantity of powder when
the user desires it.
While I am not certain as to the precise char
acteristics of this screen-like material which 10
'make for these desired results, I am of the opin
ion that it is due to the comparatively ?at plane
surfaces of the material which make the edges
of the holes in the screen-like material compara
tively sharp and knife-like. Referring to Figures 15
4 and 5, there is shown a greatly magni?ed por
tion of screen-like member 21 having holes there—
in indicated at 32. The edges of holes 32, when
greatly magni?ed in this manner, are substan
tially irregular as shown in Figure 5 in the same 20
manner that an ordinary knife edge is irregular
when greatly magni?ed. When sifter 21 is
pressed against the powder, as shown in Figure
5, the individual particles of powder engage the
irregular surfaces of the edges of the holes 32
and, due to these irregularities, tend to jam up
in the holes so that they do not pass therethrough
when the vanity case is jarred about in use. How
ever, as soon as sifter member 21 is given a slight
lateral motion with respect to powder 29, for 30
thereupon, ring l5 and parts connected thereto
example by moving handle 30 (Figure 2), the
which will be described hereinafter may easily
be removed from well 9.
Mounted within ring I5 is an annular ring 26
which reenforces a screen-like member or sifter
2?, the speci?c characteristics of which will be
knife edges of the holes 32, moving across the
described hereinafter. Ring 26 preferably ?ts
snugly within ring l5 and is sufficiently large to
form a sturdy frame for sifter 21. Resting be
tween annular ring 26 and, seat I’! is a coil spring
28 which presses downwardly upon annular ring
26 and consequently sifter 21’ thus to press and
hold the sifter against a suitable quantity of
powder 29 beneath the screen.
Extending upwardly from annular ring 26 and
preferably integral therewith is a handle 30 (Fig
ures 1 and 2) by which the screen-like member
27 may be rotated. Thus the powder and the.
spring are, in effect, bearings upon which the
50 sifter may be rotated while con?ned within ring
l5. In order to prevent spring 28 from forcing
ring 26 and sifter 21 out of ring l5, when ring
i5 is removed from well 9, I provide a plurality
of lugs generally indicated at 3! (Figure 2) ex
tending inwardly from the lower edge of annular
ring l5. Thus annular ring l5, screen-like mem
ber 21, spring 28 and cover 23 may all be removed
as a unit from the well in which they rest. Pow
der may thus be put in the well after which the
unit may be reinserted, the spring holding the
screen-like member down on the powder.
Although other types of screen-like material
might be used for sifter H, I have found that a
screen having perforations with sharp cutting
produces highly desirable results. As
pointed out above, spring 28 holds the sifter 21
down against powder 29, and, when this screen
65 edges
like material is used, the compact may be jostled
about in the pocket or the like and very little, if
any, of the powder leaks through the sifter.
However, when the cover is opened for an appli
cation of powder, handle 36 may be grasped to
turn the sifter a slight bit within ring l5. Such
a slight lateral motion of the sifter over the pow
75 der allows an adequate supply of powder to come,
top surface of the powder, force the individual
particles of powder up through the holes onto the
top surface of the sifter. Accordingly sifter 35
member 21 combines the two advantageous fea
tures of sealing the powder in the lower portion
of the container (Figure 2) and yet allowing easy
access to the powder when desired.
It will be appreciated that the above-described 40
operation of sifter member 21 is purely theoretical
and thus may be erroneous. I do know however
that a sifter member having’ the characteristics
described above is markedly superior in opera
tion to a sifter of common screen-like material 45
made in the usual manner as by weaving indi
vidual strands of wire or the like. Sifters made
from such screen~like wire are impractical be—
cause the powder tends to cake up on the under
side thereof thus making it di?icult to get at the 50
powder and making leakage through the sifter
much more prevalent.
Perhaps these disadvantageous features of or—
dinary screen-like material can be explained in
the following manner. The individual strands 55
of such screen-like material are usually round
in cross-section and thus the edges of the holes
in the screen-like material are also round. Ac
cordingly there is less resistance to the passage
of the individual particles of powder along the 60
edges of the holes in such screen and conse
quently powder may leak through. On the other
hand, when such screen-like material is moved
laterally over the surface of the powder, the
particles thereof are not forced through the holes 65
because the rounded edges of the holes tend to
slide over the particles of the powder.
In addition, the usual screen comprises a de?n
ite number of warp and weft strands per unit
area, the warp strands running over and under
alternate weft strands. Thus at the intersection
of each warp and weft strand there is formed a
cavity or recess. Accordingly, either plane sur
face of a piece of ordinary screen has a plurality
of cavities formed therein.
It is possible that 75
when this type of screen is moved over the sur
edges of said perforations having sharp cutting
face of a ?nely divided powder, the particles of
powder pack into the recesses to form the usual
bothersome cake which is such an impediment to
the passage of powder therethrough. Sifter 21
has ?at plane surfaces thus avoiding this diffi
In use, the unit comprising ring l5, sifter 21,
spring 28 and cover 23 may be removed as de
10 scribed above and a suitable quantity of powder
29 can then be placed in the bottom of well 9.
This unit may then be snapped back into position
so that sifter 21 is automatically forced down
upon the top surface of powder 29 and seals the
15 powder in the lower portion of the well out of
contact with the powder puff as explained above.
When the user desires powder, the cover may be
opened by grasping ?ngerpiece 1, and then by
giving handle 30 a slight turn, an application of
20 powder appears on the top surface of sifter 21.
This powder may be taken up by the puff and
Accordingly I have provided a thoroughly prac
tical and ef?cient construction in which the sev
25 eral objects hereinabove referred to- as well as
many others are successfully accomplished.
As many possible embodiments may be made of
the above invention and as many changes might
be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is
30 to be understood that all matter hereinbefore set
forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is
to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a lim
iting sense.
I claim:
1. As an article of manufacture, a powder sifter
having a plurality of perforations therein, the
2. In a construction of the character described,
in combination, a powder container, a powder
sifter having a ?at plane surface with a plurality
of perforations formed therein, said perforations
having sharp cutting edges, and means adapted
to press said sifter against powder in said con
3. In a construction of the character described, 10
in combination, means forming a powder con
tainer, and a powder sifting unit adapted to ?t
within said container including a powder sifter,‘
means for forcing said sifter against the powder
in said container, and means for imparting later 15
al motion to said sifter, said sifter having ?at
plane surfaces and perforations with sharp cut
ting edges.
4. In a construction of the character described,
in combination, a powder container including a 20
well, a sifter member slidably ?tting within said
well and covering the entire cross-section there
of, said sifter having openings with sharp cutting
edges, and means adapted to force said sifter
against the powder in said well.
5. In a construction of the character described,
in combination, a powder container including a
well, a ?anged ring member disposed in said well,
a powder sifter having ?at plane upper and lower
surfaces, said sifter having perforations with 30
sharp cutting edges, said sifter being mounted for
rotary and vertical movement in said ring mem
ber, means for imparting rotary movement to
said sifter, and means constantly urging said
sifter in one direction of its vertical movement. 35
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