Патент USA US2108665код для вставки
Feb. 15, 1938. T‘ M‘ GIBSQN 2,108,665» VANITY CASE CONSTRUCTION ' Filed Aug. 15, 1935 INVENTOR 7710/7/15 M67550” i » Wm ATToRNE+s 2,108,665 Patented Feb. 15, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE 2,108,665 VANITY CASE‘ CONSTRUCTION Thomas M. Gibson, North Attleboro, Mass., as signor to Evans Case Company, North Attle boro, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application August 13, 1935, Serial No. 35,922 5 Claims. (Cl. 132-82) parts throughout the 'several views of the This invention relates to a vanity case con struction and more particularly to the powder drawing, As conducive to a clearer understanding of sifting portion thereof. One of the objects of this invention is to pro 5 vide a vanity case construction which is simple, certain features of this invention, it might here be pointed out that many compacts designed to practical and durable. Another object is to pro vide a construction of the above character which may be made from inexpensive material and whose manufacture is free from complication and detail work. Another object is to provide carry loose powder have a screen-like powder a construction of the above character which will more, some of the powder sifts through screens be neat and attractive in appearance and yet be of such sturdy construction as to withstand hard usage. Another object is to provide a construc 15 tion of the above character which may be easily manufactured at a low cost due in part to sim plicity of design and ease of assembly. Another object is to provide a construction of the above of this general character into the upper part of the compact when it is moved about in every day use; thus a large amount of powder may collect upon the powder puff when not wanted where it may leak out into the pocket or purse in which it is carried. Furthermore, it is undesirable to have a large amount of powder on the puff while using it and consequently the user must shake some of the powder off the puff back into the vanity case, during which process powder may get on the user’s clothes and also rests in the upper compartment of the compact where it will leak out later as described above. Certain of the character wherein leakage through the powder sifting portion is materially reduced if not elimi nated. Another object is to provide a construc tion of the above character from which the de sired quantity of powder may easily be obtained. Another object is to provide a construction of the above character wherein the powder does not cake against or otherwise clog the powder sifting mechanism. Another object is to provide a con struction of the above character which may be sifter which holds the powder therein. Powder often cakes upon these screens or Sifters, mak ing it very difficult to get a su?icient amount of powder therethrough when desired. Further objects of this invention are to provide a con struction wherein the above difficulties as well as many others are successfully and efficiently over come. Referring ?rst to Figure 2, a compact generally easily re?lled. Other objects will be in part 3O obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter. The invention accordingly consists in the fea tures of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangements of parts as will be exempli?ed indicated at I ll preferably comprises a bottom portion l2 having its outer edges spun inwardly to form a top portion l3 forming an aperture 8 in the structure to be hereinafter described and 35 the scope of the application of which will be beneath the edge of aperture 8 to bottom por tion I2 is an annular wall l4. Portions I2 and I3 and wall I4 preferably are constructed from indicated in the following claims. In the accompanying drawing, in which is shown one of the various embodiments of my in vention, Figure 1 is a top plan View of a compact having my powder sifter installed therein with the lid in an open position; Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the com pact shown in Figure 1 with the lid in a closed 45 position; Figure 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the wall of the compact; Figure 4 is a greatly enlarged plan view of a 40 portion of the screen-like powder sifter, and Figure 5 is a vertical sectional view of a por tion of the powder sifter resting upon the powder after a portion of the powder has been sifted therethrough. 55 Similar reference characters refer to similar 10 (Figure 1) therein. Extending vertically from a suitable metal or similar material and wall l4 may be secured therebetween in any suitable manner, e. g., soldering. Thus I have formed a well 9 within the compact ll] having a vertical side wall M, the bottom thereof being a part of portion l2. An annular ring l5 ?ts within Well 9 adjacent and preferably parallel to wall l4 and extends from the upper edge of aperture 8 to the inside surface of bottom portion l2. A ?ange I6 is se cured to and extends from the upper edge of ring l5 and extends outwardly over top portion 13 of the compact, thereby both strengthening and enhancing the appearance of the article. Flange It also extends inwardly to provide an annular seat I‘! (Figure 2) extending over the outer portion of well 9. To hold ring I5 securely within well 9 and yet provide for easy removal thereof when desired, 55 2 2,108,665 I provide a catch generally indicated at l8 (Fig ure 3) near the top of wall l4. Catch i8 is pref erably cut out of wall I 4 so that its pivots substan tially about a horizontal axis. In the center of catch I8 I form a detent l9 having a channel 20 leading therefrom to the upper edge of the catch, and top portion I3 is provided with a slot 2| immediately thereabove. Upon annular ring IE5 at a point which is in registry with detent l9 when the ring is placed within well 9, there is a pimple 22 extending outwardly therefrom. Thus when ring I5 is to be placed within the well, pimple 22 is placed in registry with slot 2|. The ring is then pressed downwardly, the pimple 15 guided by channel 20 drops into detent l9 and ring I5 is thus securely mounted in well 9. Referring to Figures 1 and 2, a lid generally indicated at 23 having a metal mirror 24 secured therein rests upon seat I‘! and is hingedly se cured thereto at a point directly above pimple 22. In order to hold lid 23 in a closed position I preferably provide a catch 25 at a point sub stantially opposite the hinge which snaps under the edge of seat I‘! when the lid is closed (Figure 25 2). Adjacent catch 25 I provide a ?ngerpiece 1 to open the cover by pulling catch 25 away from seat ll. When annular ring i5 is to be removed from the well of the compact, lid 23 may be opened, and as it is connected to annular ring 15 directly above pimple 22, by pulling upwardly through the sifter onto the upper surface there of. Thus a sifter made from the screen-like ma terial described in this application combines two admirable characteristics, i. e., the ability to seal the powder in the lower portion of well 9 when the compact is being carried, and the ability to sift out a considerable quantity of powder when the user desires it. While I am not certain as to the precise char acteristics of this screen-like material which 10 'make for these desired results, I am of the opin ion that it is due to the comparatively ?at plane surfaces of the material which make the edges of the holes in the screen-like material compara tively sharp and knife-like. Referring to Figures 15 4 and 5, there is shown a greatly magni?ed por tion of screen-like member 21 having holes there— in indicated at 32. The edges of holes 32, when greatly magni?ed in this manner, are substan tially irregular as shown in Figure 5 in the same 20 manner that an ordinary knife edge is irregular when greatly magni?ed. When sifter 21 is pressed against the powder, as shown in Figure 5, the individual particles of powder engage the irregular surfaces of the edges of the holes 32 and, due to these irregularities, tend to jam up in the holes so that they do not pass therethrough when the vanity case is jarred about in use. How ever, as soon as sifter member 21 is given a slight lateral motion with respect to powder 29, for 30 thereupon, ring l5 and parts connected thereto example by moving handle 30 (Figure 2), the which will be described hereinafter may easily be removed from well 9. Mounted within ring I5 is an annular ring 26 which reenforces a screen-like member or sifter 2?, the speci?c characteristics of which will be knife edges of the holes 32, moving across the described hereinafter. Ring 26 preferably ?ts snugly within ring l5 and is sufficiently large to form a sturdy frame for sifter 21. Resting be tween annular ring 26 and, seat I’! is a coil spring 28 which presses downwardly upon annular ring 26 and consequently sifter 21’ thus to press and hold the sifter against a suitable quantity of powder 29 beneath the screen. Extending upwardly from annular ring 26 and preferably integral therewith is a handle 30 (Fig ures 1 and 2) by which the screen-like member 27 may be rotated. Thus the powder and the. spring are, in effect, bearings upon which the 50 sifter may be rotated while con?ned within ring l5. In order to prevent spring 28 from forcing ring 26 and sifter 21 out of ring l5, when ring i5 is removed from well 9, I provide a plurality of lugs generally indicated at 3! (Figure 2) ex tending inwardly from the lower edge of annular ring l5. Thus annular ring l5, screen-like mem ber 21, spring 28 and cover 23 may all be removed as a unit from the well in which they rest. Pow der may thus be put in the well after which the unit may be reinserted, the spring holding the screen-like member down on the powder. Although other types of screen-like material might be used for sifter H, I have found that a screen having perforations with sharp cutting produces highly desirable results. As pointed out above, spring 28 holds the sifter 21 down against powder 29, and, when this screen 65 edges like material is used, the compact may be jostled about in the pocket or the like and very little, if any, of the powder leaks through the sifter. However, when the cover is opened for an appli cation of powder, handle 36 may be grasped to turn the sifter a slight bit within ring l5. Such a slight lateral motion of the sifter over the pow 75 der allows an adequate supply of powder to come, top surface of the powder, force the individual particles of powder up through the holes onto the top surface of the sifter. Accordingly sifter 35 member 21 combines the two advantageous fea tures of sealing the powder in the lower portion of the container (Figure 2) and yet allowing easy access to the powder when desired. It will be appreciated that the above-described 40 operation of sifter member 21 is purely theoretical and thus may be erroneous. I do know however that a sifter member having’ the characteristics described above is markedly superior in opera tion to a sifter of common screen-like material 45 made in the usual manner as by weaving indi vidual strands of wire or the like. Sifters made from such screen~like wire are impractical be— cause the powder tends to cake up on the under side thereof thus making it di?icult to get at the 50 powder and making leakage through the sifter much more prevalent. Perhaps these disadvantageous features of or— dinary screen-like material can be explained in the following manner. The individual strands 55 of such screen-like material are usually round in cross-section and thus the edges of the holes in the screen-like material are also round. Ac cordingly there is less resistance to the passage of the individual particles of powder along the 60 edges of the holes in such screen and conse quently powder may leak through. On the other hand, when such screen-like material is moved laterally over the surface of the powder, the particles thereof are not forced through the holes 65 because the rounded edges of the holes tend to slide over the particles of the powder. In addition, the usual screen comprises a de?n ite number of warp and weft strands per unit area, the warp strands running over and under 70 alternate weft strands. Thus at the intersection of each warp and weft strand there is formed a cavity or recess. Accordingly, either plane sur face of a piece of ordinary screen has a plurality of cavities formed therein. It is possible that 75 3 2,108,665 when this type of screen is moved over the sur edges of said perforations having sharp cutting face of a ?nely divided powder, the particles of powder pack into the recesses to form the usual bothersome cake which is such an impediment to the passage of powder therethrough. Sifter 21 has ?at plane surfaces thus avoiding this diffi edges. culty. In use, the unit comprising ring l5, sifter 21, spring 28 and cover 23 may be removed as de 10 scribed above and a suitable quantity of powder 29 can then be placed in the bottom of well 9. This unit may then be snapped back into position so that sifter 21 is automatically forced down upon the top surface of powder 29 and seals the 15 powder in the lower portion of the well out of contact with the powder puff as explained above. When the user desires powder, the cover may be opened by grasping ?ngerpiece 1, and then by giving handle 30 a slight turn, an application of 20 powder appears on the top surface of sifter 21. This powder may be taken up by the puff and used. Accordingly I have provided a thoroughly prac tical and ef?cient construction in which the sev 25 eral objects hereinabove referred to- as well as many others are successfully accomplished. As many possible embodiments may be made of the above invention and as many changes might be made in the embodiment above set forth, it is 30 to be understood that all matter hereinbefore set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a lim iting sense. I claim: 35 , i 1. As an article of manufacture, a powder sifter having a plurality of perforations therein, the ., 2. In a construction of the character described, in combination, a powder container, a powder sifter having a ?at plane surface with a plurality of perforations formed therein, said perforations having sharp cutting edges, and means adapted to press said sifter against powder in said con tainer. 3. In a construction of the character described, 10 in combination, means forming a powder con tainer, and a powder sifting unit adapted to ?t within said container including a powder sifter,‘ means for forcing said sifter against the powder in said container, and means for imparting later 15 al motion to said sifter, said sifter having ?at plane surfaces and perforations with sharp cut ting edges. 4. In a construction of the character described, in combination, a powder container including a 20 well, a sifter member slidably ?tting within said well and covering the entire cross-section there of, said sifter having openings with sharp cutting edges, and means adapted to force said sifter against the powder in said well. 25 5. In a construction of the character described, in combination, a powder container including a well, a ?anged ring member disposed in said well, a powder sifter having ?at plane upper and lower surfaces, said sifter having perforations with 30 sharp cutting edges, said sifter being mounted for rotary and vertical movement in said ring mem ber, means for imparting rotary movement to said sifter, and means constantly urging said sifter in one direction of its vertical movement. 35 THOMAS M. GIBSON.