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Патент USA US2108697

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‘Feb. 15, 1938.
A. A. VAN ATT'A
2,103,697
DOOR STRUCTURE
Filed April 20, 1936
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Feb. 15,
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2,108,697
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A. A. VAN ATTA
DOOR STRUCTURE
Filed April- 20, 1956
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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New
_____.
Feb. 15, 1938.
A, A_ VAN ATTA
‘
' 2,108,697
DOOR STRUCTURE‘
Filed April 20, ‘1936
I
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3 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Feb. 15, 1938
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'
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFH€E
2,108,697
DOOR STRUCTURE
Arthur A. Van Atta, Marion, Ohio
Application April 20, 1936, Serial No. 75,469
13 Claims. (Cl. 189-48)
This invention relates to a door structure of
5
connection to one of the units or sections of the
the hinged adjustable type, capable of being ?t-
door,
ted as a screen or other type of door, but it is
designed primarily for use as a screen door.
Figure 6 is a Vertical sectional View of the
panel,
Figure '7 is a front elevation 0f the hinged Unit 5
of the door,
The object of the invention is to provide, in a
manner as hereinafter set forth, a hinged ad-
justable door structure‘ capable of being adjusted
to compensate for different widths and heights
of door openings.
10
A further object of the invention is to provide,
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a‘ door
structure of the class referred to including a
hinge unit and. an adjustable door unit, and
with said units having coacting means to pro15 vide for the adjusting of the door unit to compensate for door openings of diiferent Widths and
for maintaining the door unit in its adjusted
position.
Figure 8 is a front elevation of the adjustable
unit Of the (1001',
Figure 9 is a front elevation of the adjustable
eXtenSiOIl panel for the adjustable unit,
10
Figure 10 is a reai' elevation of the adjustable
unit,
Figure 11 is a section on line H——ll Figure l,
Figures 12 and '13 are respectively sections on
lines i2—iZ and 13-43 Figure 1,
15
Figure 14 is a fragmentary view in perspective
0f the upper portions of the units of the deer
body ‘disassembled,
A further object of the invention is to pro20 vide, in a manner as hereinafter set forth, a
door structure of the class referred to including
Figure 15 is a perspective view of the bottom
member or bottom Diete of the adjustable unit, 20
_Figi11"e 15 is Pi perspective View Of the adjust
a hinge unit and a door unit and with said units
having coacting means to provide for adjusting
the length of said units to compensate for door
'25 openings of .di?erent heights,
Further objects of the invention are to provide,
in a manner as hereinafter set forth, 9, door
able extension panel of the adjustable unit,
Figure 17 is a section on line I1-|1 Figure '7,
Figure 13 is a section On line i3—|3 Figure 3,
Figure 19 is a section on line l9--l9 Figure 8, 25
Figure 20 is an elevation of the form of rein
forcement employed for the ends of the adjust
structure of the hinged adjustable type which
is simple in its construction and arrangement,
30 strong, durable, compact, quickly adjusted and
detachably secured in its adjusted position, readily installed with respect to a door opening, thor-
able extension Panel,
Figure 21 is a section On line 2i—2| Figure 9,
and
30
oughly e?icient in its use and comparatively
inexpensive to manufacture,
35
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
the invention consists of the novel construction,
combination and arrangement of parts as will
be more speci?cally described and as are illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein is
40 shown an embodiment of the invention, but it is
'to be understood that changes, variations and
modi?cations may be resorted to which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.
In the drawings;
‘15
an outer or hinge unit 29 and a rear or door unit
2! which is mounted for lateral shifting relative
to the inner face of, as Well as being permanently as
extended from One side of unit 29
The unit 2!! includes a‘ Channel member 22
Which Opens inwei‘dly- The member 22 Consists
Of a front 23 and a side 2'3 bent upon itself to
Provide a fold 25 On the Outer face of side 24- 40
The member 22 includes a side 26 which is of a
length to terminate adjacent each end of front
23- The Side 2% is bent upon itself to provide a
bead 2i.
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the hinged ad
justable door structure, in accordance with this
invention, in the form of a screen door structure,
Figure 2 is a rear 81 evation of the Strucmre
‘
:30 Shown ‘m mgur? 1’
_
Figure 3 is a side elevation of the form of screen
Oi Oi
Figure 22 is e section 011 line 2Z—22 Figure 9
The hinged ediustabie dour structure includes
Spaced superposed hinges 28, 29, and 39,
indicated in dotted lines in Figures 1 and 7 are 45
anchored to and extend laterally from the slde
in of the. member 22'. The from? of member 22
intermediate its ends is formed Witha transverse
slot 32.
The front 23 of member 22 in proximity
to its lower end is formed with a transverse slot 50
33' A short channel iron 34, which opens out_
retafnmg 51d? stnp's employefi
Wardly is secured transversely of the outer face
Figure ‘his~ e Side elevation 0f the form of
screen retaining end strips employed,
of front 23 of member 22 and is formed with a
lengthwise extending slot 35 which registers with
Figure 5 is a front elevation of a panel for
the slot 32. A tapered outwardly opening chan- 55
2
2,108,697
neled shaped bar 36 is secured transversely of the
right angularly disposed ?ange 64 having its free
outer face of member 22, is of a length to extend
end inturned to provide a bead 65. Flange 54 has
laterally with respect to the side 26 of member 22
spaced openings 66. The plate %i is bent upon
The bar 36 is‘
arranged in proximity to the upper end of mem
ber 22 and is formed at its free end terminal por
tion with a lengthwise extending slot 37. The bar
itself as at ill to provide a fold on the lower por
and constitutes an upper hanger.
36 at its ?xed end terminal portion has mounted
therein an inwardly extending pin 38. Secured
transversely of the outer face of the member 22
in proximity to its lower end is tapered outwardly
opening channeled shaped bar 39 which is of a
length to extend laterally from member 22, is dis
posed in parallelism with respect to bar 36 and
constitutes a lower hanger. The bar 39 at its free
end terminal portion is formed lengthwise there
of with a slot iii) and at its ?xed end terminal por
tion has mounted therein an inwardly extending
pin M.
The pins 38 and 4! extend through the
if) front 23 of the member 22 and are arranged in
proximity to the edge 42 of member 22. The
positioning of the ends of the side Z? of member
22 adjacent the ends of the front 23 of member
22 provides clearances for a purpose to be re
N; CH ferred to.
The unit 2! includes a side member I13 of angle
shape cross section to provide the ?anges 44, 45
disposed at right angles to each other and with
the ?ange 44 depending below the ?ange Q5.
The ?ange lid is what may be termed a front
?ange and ?ange ‘iii a rear ?ange. The ?ange
45 extends rearwardly from the inner side edge
of the ?ange lid whereby ?ange [i5 is inset with
respect to the outer edge 46 of flange 44. That
part of ?ange M which depends from. the lower
end of ?ange ‘i5 is indicated at 41'. The upper
edge of member 43 constitutes a seat.
The cross
sectional length of the ?ange M is greater than
that of the ?ange 45. The outer end edge of
?ange 45 is inturned to provide a bead as indi
cated at 28. The unit 2! includes a rearwardly
opening channel~shaped side member 49 having
its front designated at 50 and its inner and outer
sides indicated at 5|, 52 respectively. 7 The side
52 is bent inwardly upon itself to make it of
double thickness and to form an inwardly ex
tending ?ange 53. The side 5! is bent outwardly
upon itself to provide a bead 54. The side 5! of
the member 49 is of less length than the side 52.
The upper and lower ends of the side ‘.5! are spaced
from the ends of the front 58. The side 55 of the
member 49 is of less length than the ?ange 41
of member 53, but corresponds in length to the
length of the ?ange 155 of member 43. The side
56 is arranged in spaced parallel relation torthe
?ange 45 of the member 43. Seated upon the top
of side 43 and also upon the top of the side 5!
is a horizontally disposed rearwardly opening
channel-shaped member 55 which has one end
60 ?ush with the edge 46 of ?ange Ml. The lower
?ange 576 of member 55 is bent upon itself to pro
vide a bead 5?. The member 55 abuts the inner
face of the side 52 of member 49 and also abuts
the rear face of the front 59 of member 49. The
tion of its inner face.
The parts of the unit 28 are suitably secured
together by welding or otherwise. The parts of
the unit 2i are suitably secured together by weld
ing or otherwise.
When the elements 20 and 2! are mounted in
the manner as shown, the element 2| may be
shifted laterally relative to the element 23 to
compensate'for the different widths of door open
ings.
A web of reticulated material, such as screen
wire is indicated at 68 and which has its upper
and lower end marginal portions bent to seat
upon the upper face of the ?ange 56 of member
55 and against the lower face of the ?ange 64 of
plate 65. The side marginal portions of the web 20
G8 are bent to oppose the outer and inner side
faces respectively of the ?ange A5 and the side
5| of the member 49. Retaining strips 69 are ar
ranged against the bent end marginal portions of
the web 68 and retaining strips 10 are positioned 25
against the bent side marginal portions of the
web 68.
The strips ‘69 and 10, as. well as the side
51 of the ?ange 45 are apertured. The apertures
in the strips 69, ‘la are aligned with the apertures
in the side iii of ?ange 45. Extending through
the registering‘ apertures and also through the
bent marginal portions of the web 68 are holdfast
means ‘H which anchor the bent marginal por
tions of the web 63, the strips 69, "If! and the
?ange 45 and side 5i together or, in other words,
the web 68 is anchored to the unit 2! and pro
vides a screened door section.
The web 68 con
stitutes a panel.
7
The lower portion of the member 49 is offset
as at 12. The lower portion of the member 22 40
is offset as at 13.
There is associated'with the units 20 and 2|
a means or unit for increasing the length thereof
when desired and the said means includes a rec
tangular panel or plate ‘M having its top edge
formed with a segmental extension'lB. The panel
14 intermediate its ends is formed with a slot 16
disposed lengthwise thereof. Mounted on each
end of the panel 14 is a slidable end piece 11 con
sisting of a plate 18 having a ?ange 19 at its 50
bottom bearing against and extending inwardly
at right angles to the bottom edge of panel 14.
One side marginal portion of the end piece is des
ignated Bil. The top marginal portion of the end
piece is designated 8|. The marginal portion 80
has its top edge arranged below the top edge of
marginal portion 8|’. The upper end of marginal
portion 8i! has a lateral luggBlla which is bent
against the inner face of portion 86; The mar
ginal portions 89, Si are bent to oppose the rear
face of plate ‘£8. The lug Bile bears against the
rear face of plate ‘E8. The marginal portions 80,
84 overlap an end edge and a part of a top edge
of panel 14.
One of the end pieces is arranged
member 55 carries a pin 58 which extends through > in the offset portion 13 of the member 22.
Ex
an opening as in the upper end of the member 49.
tending through the slot 63 of plate 6! and the
The member 55 is formed with a slot iii) disposed
lengthwise thereof. The unit 2| includes a bottom
plate iii which abuts the inner face of the side
52 of member i9 and also abuts the lower portion
ill of the ?ange fill. The plate M is formedwith
32 which provides for the panel 16 and an end
piece T! to bodily move with the adjustable unit
21 when thelatter is shifted relatively to the hinge
horizontally and vertically disposed slots 62, 63,
respectively, arranged in spaced relation and dis
posed at right angles to each other. The plate
6! has its top formed with a rearwardly directed
'
slot 1'6 of panel ‘Mr is a bolt and nut connection
unit 29 to increase or decrease the width of the
door to compensate for 'di?erent widths of door
openings. The nut'and bolt connection 82 also
provides for travelling in the slot 63 when the
panel 14 is lowered to increase the length of the
3
2,108,697
10
door. When the panel 14 ‘is lowered the end
pieces ‘H are carried therewith. The ?anges 19
of the end pieces Tl, when the door is in normal
position abut the lower ends of the members 22
and 49, but when the panel 14 is lowered or verti
unit, and front and rear handle means extending
across the front and rear of the inner unit, said
handle means being slidably connected at one
end to one of said units and attached at its other
end to the front and rear of the other of said 5
cally adjusted to increase the length of the door,
units.
the ?anges are spaced from the lower ends of the
members 22 and 49. The panel 14 carries the end
pieces therewith when the panel is lowered or
3. An adjustable door structure comprising a
bodily adjustable inner unit, an outer unit adapt
ed to be hinged to a support having a door open
ing and including superposed means for exten 10
sion across the door opening in spaced relation to
the support, said inner unit arranged rearwardly
of the outer unit for closing the door opening, said
vertically adjusted.
The door includes a front and a rear handle
vindicated 83, 84 respectively. The end 85 of
handle 84 is ?xed to the ?ange 44. One end of
the handle 83 is pivotally mounted on a bolt 86
15 which is slidably mounted in the slots 32, 35. The
other end of the handle member 83 merges as at
87, in a coupling piece 88 secured to the front
face of member 49. The coupling piece is ar
ranged below the slots 33, 35. The handle 84
20 has its other end merge, as at 89 in a coupling
piece 88. The member 83, 84 extends at a down
ward inclination from bolt 86 to member 49.
The hinges which will be used in connection
with the hinge unit, preferably will be of the
25 spring controlled type.
The unit 2| when set up forms what may be
termed a rectangular frame having its bottom
portion of materially greater length than that of
its top portion. The width of the side portions of
30 unit M is materially less than the length of the
bottom portion thereof.
In lieu of using the reticulated web 68 to close
the frame-like adjustable unit 2|, the unit may be
closed by a panel consisting of a frame carrying
35 a foraminous, transparent or translucent member
and such panel is shown by way of example as a
reticulated one, Figures 5 and 6. The panel is
generally indicated at 9! and it includes a rec
tangular frame 82 closed by a strip of screen cloth
93. The panel 8! is to be positioned to oppose
the ?anges 45, 4'5, 64 and side 5!. The panel 9|
is to be suitably secured to the adjustable unit 2 I.
The hinges 28, 29, 38 have their outer leaves
anchored against a wall, formed with a door open
ing, at spaced points of that portion of said wall
bordering one side of said opening.
I
The unit 28 is termed a hinged outer unit. The
unit 2! is termed a bodily adjustable inner unit.
The plate 14 and the end pieces mounted thereon
50 constitute what is termed a lower extension unit.
What I claim is:
'1. An adjustable door structure comprising a
bodily adjustable inner unit, an outer unit adapted
to be hinged to a support having a door opening
55 and including superposed means for extension
across the door opening in spaced relation to the
support, said inner unit arranged rearwardly of
the outer unit for closing the door opening, said
units having oppositely disposed spaced coacting
60 means to permit the bodily adjusting of the inner
unit relative to the outer unit and for detachably
securing the inner unit in its adjusted position
against the rear of the outer unit.
2. An adjustable door structure comprising a
65 bodily adjustable inner unit, an outer unit adapted
to be hinged to a support having a door opening
and including superposed means for extension
across the door opening in spaced relation in re
spect to the support, said inner unit arranged
70 rearwardly of the outer unit for closing the door
opening, said units having oppositely disposed
spaced coacting means to permit the bodily, ad
justing of the inner unit relative to the outer unit
and for detachably securing the inner unit in its
75 adjusted position against the rear of the outer
units having oppositely disposed spaced coacting
means to permit the bodily adjusting of the inner 15
unit relative to the outer unit and for detachably
securing the inner unit in its adjusted position
against the rear of the outer unit, and a unit
corresponding in width to that of the inner unit
for adjusting the length of and slidably mounted 20
in the lower ends of the outer and inner units,
the length adjusting and inner units having co
acting means to provide for the former moving
with the inner unit when the latter is laterally
adjusted, said length adjusting and inner units 25
having coacting means to permit of the extension
of the length adjusting unit from the lower ends
of the outer and inner units and for detachably
securing the length adjusting unit in its extended
position.
‘
30
4. In an adjustable door structure, a hinged
unit, a bodily adjustable unit for adjusting the
width of the door structure positioned against one
face of and substantially of the same height as
the hinged unit, a lower unit for adjusting the
length of the door structure arranged within the
lower portion of the said other units and bodily
carried with the adjustable unit, and a series of
superposed means for respectively slidably sus
pending the adjustable unit from the hinged unit,
for connecting the lower unit to the adjustable
unit and for detachably securing the adjustable
and lower units in adjusted position.
5. vIn an adjustable door structure, a hinged
unit, a bodily adjustable unit for adjusting the 45
width of the door structure positioned against one
face of and substantially of the same height as
the hinged unit, a lower unit for adjusting the
length of the door structure arranged within the
lower portion of the said other units, means for 50
slidably suspending the adjustable unit from the
hinged unit, for connecting the lower unit to the
adjustable unit and for detachably securing the
adjustable and lower units in adjusted position,
and handle means for said structure slidably con 55
nected at one end to said hinged unit and at
tached at its other end to said bodily adjustable
section.
6. An adjustable hinged door structure com
prising a bodily adjustable inner and an outer 60
unit substantially the same height, said outer
unit including spaced hinged means, each hav
ing a leaf adapted to be anchored to a side wall
forming means of a door opening, said hinged
unit including upper and lower hangers disposed
transversely of the front face of the inner unit,
and said units having spaced coacting superposed
means adjacent each side thereof and coacting
with said hangers to provide for the bodily ad
justing laterally of the inner unit relative to the
outer unit and for detachably securing the inner
unit in its adjusted position,
7. An adjustable hinged door structure corn~
prising a bodily adjustable inner and a hinged
outer unit substantially the same height, said
4
2,108,697
outer unit including spaced hinged means, each
being vertically adjusted relative to the lower
having a leaf adapted to be anchored to a side
wall forming means of a door opening, said hinged
unit including upper and lower hangers disposed
transversely of the front face of the inner unit,
ends of the outer and inner units and for detach
ably securing the extension unit in its vertically
adjusted position.
said units having spaced coacting superposed
adjustable rectangular inner unit, an outer unit
opposing the front face of the inner unit and
means adjacent each side thereof and coacting
with said hangers to provide for the bodily ad
justing laterally of'the inner unit relative to the
outer unit and for detachably securing the inner
11. In an adjustable door structure, a laterally
having means for hinging one side thereof to a
support, said units having aligned superposed
oppositely disposed co-acting means to permit 10
unit in its adjusted position, and adjustable means I the bodily adjusting laterally of the inner unit
slidably engaging in said units, slidably ‘connected relative to the outer unit to vary the width of the
to said inner unit and extendible from said units
for increasing the length of said units.
door structure and for detachably securing the
inner unit in its adjusted position, front and rear
8. In a hinged adjustable door structure, front
and rear units arranged in facewise opposed re
handle means, said rear handle means disposed .
lation, said front unit including superposed hinge
minal portions ?xed to the sides of said inner
unit, and the front handle means disposed across
the front of the outer and rear units and having
means having leaves extended from one side
thereof for securing to a support to connect said
front unit to the latter, the said front unit hav
ing inwardly extending means at the said side
thereof for spacing it from the support, the inner
one of said units being of rectangular contour
and having one side thereof permanently oppos
ing the said inwardly extending means, said units
having superposed spaced aligning oppositely dis
posed means to provide respectively for slidably
connecting the said inner unit against and
throughout the inner face of the front unit, for
laterally adjusting the inner unit relative to the:
front unit and for detachably anchoring the inner
unit to the front unit.
'
9. In a hinged adjustable door structure, front
and rear units arranged in facewise opposed re
.) lation, said front unit including superposed hinge
means having leaves extended from one side there
of for securing to a support to connect the front
unit to the latter, the said front unit having in
.wardly extending means at the said side thereof
140 for spacing it from the support, the inner one of
said units being of rectangular contour and having
one side thereof permanently opposing the said
inwardly'extending means, said units having su
perposed spaced aligning oppositely disposed
across the rear face of and having its end ter
one end terminal portion ?xed to one side of the “
rear unit and its other end terminal portionslid
ably connected to one side of the outer unit, that
part of each of said handle means, other than the
end terminal portions of the latter being diago
nally disposed and offset relative to the outer and
inner units.
,
.
-
12. In an adjustable door structure, an outer
unit including an inwardly opening channel
member having ?xedly secured thereto and ex
tending from the inner side thereof spaced bars, :30
each formed with a slot, said member being
formed with spaced openings, an inner unit of
frame-like contour positioned against the rear
face of the outer unit, said inner unit having
spaced aligning slots adjacent one side edge.
thereof positioned to oppose the'inner face of and
the openings in said member, said inner unit be
ing formed with openings adjacent the other side
edge thereof, said bars arranged relatively to said
inner unit to have their slots oppose the outer
face of one side portion of and the openings in
the inner unit, releasable means extending
through the openings in said member and the
‘slots of the inner unit for connecting said units
T45 means to provide respectively for slidably con- ’ together, releasable means extending through the
slots of said bars and the openings of the inner
necting the said inner unit against and through
unit for connecting said units together, the said
out the inner face of the front unit, for later
ally adjusting the inner unit relative to the releasable means and slots providing for the lat
erally adjusting of ‘the inner section relative to
front units and for detachably anchoring the in
the outer section, and the said releasable means 50
ner unit to the front unit, and a lengthwise exten
sion unitcommon to the lower portions of, and providing for anchoring the rear unit in its ad
slidably engaging in the said other units, said
justed position.
extension and rear units having coacting means
13. In an adjustable door structure, an outer
unit including an inwardly opening channel
for slidably connecting and detachably anchoring
155 the extension unit to the rear unit.
10. In an adjustable door structure, a laterally
adjustable rectangular inner unit, an outer unit
opposing the front face of the inner unit and
having means for hinging one side thereof to a
60
support, said units having spaced laterally aligned
superposed oppositely disposed coacting means
to permit the bodily adjusting laterally of the
inner unit relative to the outer unit to vary the
width of the door structure and for detachably
65 securing the inner unit in its adjusted position,
an extension unit at the lower portions of the
said other units and capable of being shifted lat
erally relative to the outer unit and vertically rel
ative to the outer and inner units to vary the
length, while maintaining the width, of the door
structure, said inner and extension units having
coacting means to provide for the shifting later
ally of the extension unit in unison with the in
ner unit, and said extension and inner units hav
L75 ing coacting means to permit the extension unit
member having ?xedly secured thereto and ex- ,
tending from the inner, side thereof spaced bars,
each formed witha slot, said member being
formed with spaced openings, an inner unit of
frame-likercontour positioned against the rear
face of the outer unit, said inner unit having
spaced aligning slots adjacent one side edge
thereof positioned to oppose the inner face of
and the openings in said member, said inner unit
being formed with openings adjacent the other
side edge thereof, said bars arranged relatively 65
to said inner unit to have their slots oppose the
outer face of one side portion of and the open
ings in the inner unit, releasable means extend
ing through the openings in said member and
the slots of the inner unit for connecting said
units together, releasable means extending
through the slots of said bars and the openings
of the inner unit for connecting said units to
gether, the said releasable means and slots pro
viding for’ the laterally adjusting of the inner 75
2,108,697
section relative to the outer section, the said
releasable means providing for anchoring the rear
unit in its adjusted position, the front of said
member and the said side portion having corre
sponding end terminal parts outset, a length ad
justing unit disposed across a part of the lower
portion of the inner element and extending into
the said outset parts, and said inner and length
adjusting units having registering slots disposed
5
in angular relation and means extending through
such slots to provide for adjusting the length ad
justing unit relative to the other units, for de
tachably securing the length adjusting unit in
adjusted position and for the length adjusting
unit being carried with the inner unit on the ad
justing of said inner unit.
ARTHUR A. VAN ATTA.
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