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Патент USA US2108799

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Feb. 22, 1938.
_
'
w. w. DAVIDSON
_
,
2,108,799
BLANK FEEDER AND' EJECTOR
Filed Sept. 50, 1955
'»
5. Sheets-Sheet 1
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W?” drd?aw dim.
Feb. 22, 1938.
w. w. DAVIDSON
2,108,799
BLANK FEEDER .AND EJECTOR
Filed Sept. 30, 1955
5 Sheets-Sheet
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72
Feb; 22, 1938.
w. w. DAVIDSON
2,108,799 ‘
BLANK FEEDER .AND EJECTOR
Filed Sept. 30, 1935
5 Sheets-Sheet sv
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mm,
w.
J21
Feb- 22, 1938.
2,108,799
w. w. DAVIDSON
‘
‘ BLANK FEEDER .AND EJECTOR
Filed Sept. 30, 1955
5 Sheets-Sheet 4‘ -
mm
.
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Jnmerzib?
'
(1%”[170/
Patented Feb. 22, 1938
,
2,108,799 '
UNITED sTATEs' PATENT orrlcE
2,198,799
BLANK FEEDER AND EJECTOR
William Ward Davidson, Evan'ston, Ill.
Application September 30, 1935,-Serial No. 42,876
14 Claims.
This invention relates tov improvements in
sheet feeding mechanisms for printing presses,
and has special reference to such devices ar
ranged and adapted to successively feed indi
5 vidual sheets, envelopes or cards from a stack of
blanks to printing position and after the impres
(Cl. 271-4)
_
' '
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary side elevation of a
mechanism embodying the invention in a pre
ferred form and shown in connection of some of -
the typical associated parts of an "Addresso
graph” machine;
5
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the mechanism
sion has been made thereon to remove the fed ar- . shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary vertical longitudinal '
ticles and arrange them in a stack‘.
The invention has" special reference to feeding
.10 devices of the character referred to particularly
arranged and adapted for use in connection with
automatic printing machines such as the “Ad
dressograph".
»
’
)
.
The “Addressograph” and similar machines are
designed to print from successive plates carrying
1
a series of ‘addresses and to print or impress the
addresses which are on the successive plates upon
a similar series of envelopes, letter-heads, etc.
At each operation of the press, one article is
20 printed and the plate which carries the address
is removed from printing position and the suc
' cessive plate is moved into printing position.
My invention has to do with providing a feed-.
ing mechanism so related to the vpress that it
2
will operate automatically in relation thereto to
remove the printed article and feed another blank
into printing position while the press is operating
to remove the used plate and place the successive
plate in printing'position.
30
.
'
The improved feeding mechanism derives its
section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;
. Fig. 4" is 'a fragmentary, transverse, vertical 10
section 'on the line 4—4 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan view, similar to
’ Fig. 2, but showing a slight modification of the
invention;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary side elevation of, the 15
mechanism shown in Fig. 5;
‘Fig. 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary, elevational
view of the tape driving mechanism shown in
Fig. 6;
.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged .fragmentary .elevational 20
view of the driving mechanism shown in Fig. 7,
the view being similar to that shown in Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is a detail horizontal section on the line
9-.9 of Fig. 6;
,
,
Fig. 10 is. a detail vertical section on the line 25
Ill-l0 of Fig. 5; _
_
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary top plan view showing
a second- modi?cation of the invention;
Fig. 12 isa fragmentary, vertical, longitudinal
section on the line |2-|2 of Fig. 11; and
30
power from the printing press operating parts ' Fig. 13 is an end elevational view of the mech
and the connection is arranged and adapted to' . anism shown in Fig. 11, the plates being shown
1
_
automatically operate the feeding mechanism in in section.
synchronism with the printing machine.
‘
In carrying out my invention I arrange a mov
35
able member, which may be a tape or a slide, and
I move this member in one‘ direction to feed the
blank into printing position in proper timed ‘re
lation, I then move it in the opposite direction
.40 to move the printed article out of printing posi-~
tion.
.
' To the ‘accomplishment of the above and other
_ I will ?rst describe the form of the invention
shown in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive.
'
35
In said figures 20 illustrates the frame of any
“Addressograph” machine having a top plate 2|.
Projecting up through a suitable opening in the
top plate is a head 22 which is mounted on a
horizontal shaft 23, arranged below the plate 2|. 40
The head is secured upon the shaft 23, which
is mounted in suitablebearings indicated at 24
objects and advantages, the invention consists in ' and is oscillated back and forth through suitable
mechanism which connects a lower part of‘ the 7
the means hereinafter fully disclosed and partic
ularly pointed out in the appended claims, the
accompanying drawings, forming part of this
speci?cation, and-the following description set
ting forth, in detail a preferred embodiment of
the invention and two modi?cations thereof, such
50
disclosed‘ arrangements, however, constituting
merely illustrations of the various applications
of the principleof the invention, which will read
ily suggest themselves to one skilled in the art.
The invention will be more readily understood
55 by reference to said drawings, in which:-,
head with a sourceof power such as an electric 45
motor 25 mounted on the frame. of. the machine.
The head 22 projects forward as shown in Fig.
1 and has a depending impression part‘ 21 at its
forward end which is arranged above an opening
28 in the top plate 2|. The printing machine is 50
provided with suitable mechanism operated in,
time with the up and down- movements of the.
impression head 21 and adapted tomove a print
ing plate from a suitable stack, indicated at 29,
arranged at the rear of‘ the machine to a print- 55
2
2,108,?»
ing position below the opening 28 and after the
impression has been made to remove the used
plate and place a successive plate in printing
position. An inked tape, not shown, is arranged
to lie on top of the printing plate and beneath
5
the head 21.
I '
The feeding mechanism is arranged to feed
articles, such as envelopes, indicated at 23 where
they are supported in a stack in a guide trough
10 30 to a position between the impression head 21
and the printing plate below-same and above the
printing tape, and vto remove the printed article
from such position to a receptacle arranged be
low the holder 33 as indicated at 3!, in which
$11118 printed articles are stored in .a stack as
s own.
Power is supplied to operate the printing ma- ,
chine from any suitablesouree such as an elec
tric motor 23 mounted on the frame of the ma
20 chine and connected ‘through suitable speed re
ducing mechanism indicated at 33 to a depending
arm 34 rigid with the head 22. Power to operate
the feeder is derived from the same source part
ly through the shaft 23 upon which the head 22
25 is mounted, and partly through the speed reduc
the form of a roller 52 below the separator roll
33 and sp‘aced from the roller 35 .just su?icient
to allow one envelopeat a time to pass. The
‘roller 52 is carried on a shaft 52' and is held
against rotation thereon. The separator roll 35
and the roller “constitute a calipering means
for controlling the feed of the articles such as
envelopes from the stack 26.
As this separating mechanism per se, is not a.
part of the present invention, it is not thought 10
necessary to describe it more speci?cally except
to say that the calipering means is pivotally
mounted to swing up and down slightly and is
counterbalanced by a weight 53 adiustably
mounted on an arm 54 rigidly mounted on one 15
" of the bell-cranks 38.
The envelopes to be printed when placed in
the inclined trough 30, slide down some towards
the caliper rolls 35 and 52 and the lower end of‘
the forward envelope contacts with the feed roll 20
33 and when the same is rotated to feed the‘
envelope the lower end of the envelope enters in
between the rolls 35 and 52 and is fed forward
toward the printing machine.
'
For intermittently rotating the separator roll 25
ing means indicated at 33. The feeding mecha
35 to separate and advance the envelopes in
nism for timing the movement of the articles, _ time with the printing operations, a horizontally
into and out of printing position in synchronism" arranged toothed rack 54’ is provided, arranged
with the up and down movements of the head to mesh ‘with the teeth of the pinion 44 and
30 22 derives its power through the shaft 23.
turnssame back and forth. Due to the ratchet 30
. At the foot or delivery end of the inclined
clutch 43 the roll” is only rotated in the feed
guide 30 I arrange a separator roll 35 secured ing direction. The rear end of the rack 54’ is
upon a horizontal shaft 36 carried at its ends in ' pivotally connected to the upper end of an arm
the free ends of arms 31 of bell-cranks 38 piv
53 of a bell-crank 56 which is" pivotally mounted
at its elbow on the frame at 51. The free end 35
u. The shaft 38 is mounted to rotate in bear
ings carried by the bell-cranks 33 and as the
bearings are rather widely separated I provide a
support ll near the middieof the shaft 38 and
of the other arm 58 of the bell-crank is pivotally
connected at 59 to the upper end of a depending
link 80. The lower end of the link 80 is pivotally
connected to the outer end of. a rigid projection
3| extending; out from a crank arm 62. The 40
crank arm 82 is rigidly mounted on the shaft 23
upon which the impression head 22 is also rig
idly mounted and as‘it projects in the opposite
direction to the head 22 from the shaft 23, its
free end'rises as the head 21 descends and vice 45
35 otally mounted on rigid side frame parts 38' at
40 adjacent to one end of the separator roll 33 and
connecting the shaft 33 with a transverse rod 42;
mounted in the ends of the other arms of the
bell-cranks 33. The shaft 33 is connected at one
end through a suitable ratchet clutch 43 with a
toothed pinion 44 mounted~to turn freely on
the shaft 33. When the pinion I3 is rotated in
versa.
.
a direction to cause the separator roll 33 to draw
As‘ the head 21 is'moved down toward print
an envelope from the frontzof the stack and ing position, the projection 6| on the crank arm
start it initsmovementtoward its printing posi- , swings'up as indicated by the arrow 63 on Fig.
50 tion, the clutch operates to rotate the shaft 33
4 and the rack is moved to the left as shown on 50
and with it the separator roll 33, but when the Fig. 3, through the link 30 and bell-crank 56 and
pinion M is rotated in the opposite directionthe‘ causes an envelope .to be separated from the stack
ratchemt clutch s: permits the mm a to stand "and advanced.‘
at
.
-
i
-
.
The inclined trough 33 is carried on support
bars 43 pivotally mounted at their lower forward
‘ends on the framedparts" at 43. .The rear'
ends of the support bars-l5 are supported by
braces 41. The upper ends of the braces 41 are
pivotally connected to the rear ends of the sup
ports ll by a transversely extmding shaft 43
and their lower ends are adiustably. secured to
v
the rear ends of side bars which extend rear
wardly from the frame of the printing machine
being-bolted upon the top plate 2| by screws II.
The inclined trough 33 is carried by the shaft 4.3
on suitable blocks ll carried by the shaft and‘
the lower ends of the braces 41 are slotted as
shown at ll so that the feed trough can be ad
70 :Iusted as to inclination to suit the articles being
The- bottom guides 65 of the holder 30 are
slightly curved up at their lower ends Just be
Yond the separator roll-33 to direct the‘ forward
edges of the envelopes upon the upper side of a
conveyor or pull-out roll 86. The conveyor roll
33 is rigidly mounted on a transverse shaft 61
which is rotat'ably mounted in bearings carried 60
by-the frame parts 33.
Above the shaft 81 is a second transverse shaft .
33 which carries idle rollers 69, adapted to be
' Pressed toward the conveyor roll 88 to cause same‘
to feed the envelopes forward. The shaft 88 is 66
carried at its ends in the free ends of arms' ‘Ill
which are mounted at their opposite ends one
a transverse shaft ‘ll- so that they can swing up ‘
and down and they are yieldingly held down to- '
wards the conveyor roll 03 by a tension spring 12 70
connected between one of the arms 10 and the
' norm-eventing the‘envelope which is being ' adjacent frame part 33.
"
,
fed
a
-
‘
separated from the stack by the separator roll 3|
The conveyor roll 33 is adapted to be continu
ously rotated to feed the envelopes delivered in
sion, there is provided a stationary abutment in‘ termittently by-the separator roll 35. '
76
drl-asina forward ‘the next‘ envelope in succes
3
2,108,799
printing position will not be lifted above its true
level, an idle guide roll 99 is rotatably mounted
This continuous rotation of the conveyor roll
65 is accomplished as shown in the drawings, by
around belt or drive ‘I3 which is trained around
a grooved belt pulley ‘I4 rigidly mounted on the
conveyor roll shaft 61 and also around a grooved
above the tape on a vertically ‘swinging support
I00 pivotally mounted at'its ‘opposite end in a
block IOI adjustably mounted on a stop rod I02.
The roll is arranged about the middle of the
length of the head 21 and the stop rod extends
toward the right hand end of the machine where
it is adjustably secured to a support rod I03.
The support I00 is pivotally mounted in the block 10
IOI and is free to swing. up and down'and is
belt pulley ‘I5 rigidly mounted on an intermediate
shaft ‘I6 arranged below the machine top 2I and
connected by a driving belt ‘I6’ and shaft 'I‘I with
the belt 33 (see Fig. 1).v
Suitable guide pulleys 18 and ‘I9 are provided
10
for guiding the belt ‘I3 from the pulley ‘III to the
pulley ‘I5.
_ pressed against the tape 00 or the envelope which '
may be in printing position by a spring I90.
In'order to complete the feeding of the enve
At its free end the stop rod ‘carries a vertical
lope after it leaves the conveyor roll 66, I pro
15 vide, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, a tape or . stop plate I04 against which the forward end of
flat ‘belt 80 which is arranged immediately above the envelope contacts to properly register with
the printing plate. As the'rod I02 is longitudi-~
’ the top plate 2I and in substantial contact there
with and extends across‘ the opening 28 in the , nally adjustable the stop I04 can be adjusted to
properly register the articles being printed. '
top plate 2| and as close to the head 21 as is prac
The support I03 is rigidly mounted on the top 20
ticable. This feed tape has an intermittent mo
tion to the right (Fig. 2), to feed- the envelope into plate of the machine by means of rigid brackets
I05. Side guides I06‘ and I0‘! for the article being
printing position and toward they left to dis
-, fed, are provided. ‘These guides each have a flat
charge it after it has been printed.
bottom ?ange I08 and a vertically disposed ?ange
This feed tape or belt, as shown, is a continu
I09 at its outer edge. 1 The side guide I06 which 25
ous belt and thejtwo stretches BI and 82 lie one
on top of the other on the top of the top plate M is at the front of the machine is rigidly carried
as best shown in Fig. 3. The belt passes around by one end of support rod IIIB which is adjust- '
a belt guide 83 at the right hand end of the ably carried at its'other end on the support rod
printing’machine (see Fig. 1) and both stretches I 03, and the side guide ID‘I which is at the rear
30 are guided downwardly at the opposite end of the
of the machine is similarly carried by a support '30
machine around idle guide pulleys 8d and 05, rod I I I, which is likewise adjustably mounted on
mounted on supports projecting from the top the support rod I03. These guides can be ad
plate 2 I, and is trained around a relatively large justed from and toward each other to cause the
belt pulley 86 mounted on a shaft Iii which in article to be printed, as-it is fed in between them,
to be properly placed in printing position. 'As 35
shown in Fig. 2, the receiving ends of the guides
turn is mounted in .qbearings on the free ends of
arms 88 rigid with the machine frame.
.40
The belt guide 83 has two small guide rollers
I06 and MW are slightly ?ared as shown at'I I2, -
89 and 90 close to the ‘top 2i and a third larger
guide pulley 9| above the other two and is adapt
so as to avoid any engagement. with the advanc-l
edto guide the two stretches of the tape close
down to the top 2|, (see Fig. 1).
_ The tape 80 is moved intermittently'back'and _
forth and for this purpose it is secured at one
point to the periphery of the large pulley 86 by a
screw 92 (see Fig. 3),. The pulley is oscillated
through approximately one-half of a revolution
to move the tape 80 back and forth, and in time
'with the feeding of the envelopes by the separator
roller 35, by means of a segmental gear 93
‘mounted to swing back and forth on a horizontal.
ing end of the article being fed in.
'
In order to time the placement of the article dill
to be printed accurately with the operation of the
impression mechanism of the printing machine,
the pressure roll 69 is lifted free of the conveyor
roll 66 to permit the forward end of the envelope
to freely project over same and at just ‘the 45
right instant the pressure roll 69 is brought down
upon tne envelope causing it to be projected for.
ward upon the conveyor tape 80.
.
I
' To accomplish the described action of the pres
sure roll 69 a vertically arranged, pivotally 50
mounted cam plate I I3 is provided which is piv
‘from the frame of the machine. The gear has a voted 'at its lower end at M4 to the adjacent
rigid arm‘ 96 projecting in the opposite direction ' ‘frame part 39 and its upper end I I5 is connected
and the free end of the arm is connected by a by a rod II6 to a projection I I‘! on the upper end ~
link 9'I'_with the crank arm 62. The segmental of the arm 55 of the bell-crank 56.. The rear 55
gear meshes with a pinion 98 mounted concentric or free end vII8 of the connecting rod H6 'is.
with the belt pulley 86 and secured to the pulley threaded and I provide two adjustable stops II9 ‘
to cause the pulley to rotate back and forth with and I20 on the rod betweenwhich the proj 0-
‘shaft 94 carried in brackets 95 projectingrigidly
forth about ‘one half of‘ a revolution and to 'move
the belt- 80 back and forth su?‘iciently for the
tion I" is received. These stops each consist of
a pair of. jamb nuts and I space the two pai 60
apart to provide some. lost‘ motion between the- _
projection III and the stops, to properly time
purpose.
‘the operation of the pressure roll 69 to let‘ the
the pinion. The movement of the gear '93 is suf
60 ?cient to ‘cause the pulley to rotate back and
_
.
he arrangement is such that as the envelope forward edge of the fed article enter‘freely be
tween the feed roll and the pressure roll and '65
‘is fed by the separator roll 35 as has been .de
scribed as ‘the head 22 moves down towards the then be engaged by the rolls to convey it for-, printing position, that is as the projection ‘GI is
The cam plate II3 has a rounded cam pro‘
swung up, the segmental gear 93 is swung from '
its position as shown in Fig. 3 to its opposite POSi? ‘jection I2I arranged to be swung beneath a
tion, thus rotating the belt pulley clockwise, (see roller I22 on the conveyor roll shaft 68 and ‘lift
Fig. 3), and the\ op or upper stretch of the. tape same against the force of the hold-down springs
is moved to the n ht (see Fig. 3) thus carrying ‘I2.’ Adjacent to the cam projectiorii'IfZI the cam
.plate II 3 is provided with a depression I23 into
' the fed envelope, as it is delivered from the con
which the roller I22 is forced by the pull of the
v'eyor rolls 66 and 69, into the printing position.
ward.
‘ In order that the envelope as it is carried. into
'
I
spring "I2 and the pressure‘ roll 59 is’ thus free
2,108,100 -
to be drawn down toward the conveyor roll 66
to engage the article being fed. The cam plate
H3 is free to be swung forward to permit this
engagement due to the lost motion between the
rod H6 and the projection H1.
The toothed rack 54' is guided and held down
in engagement with the pinion 44 by means of
a stationary guide I24 arranged above the rack.
The operation of the mechanism described is
10
as follows:
‘
A pin I44 projects out from one side of the‘.
pulley I3I and is adapted to be engaged by the
latch in which is provided'with a shoulder In
for engaging the pin I40 and rotating the pulley '
counter-clockwise (see Fig. 8). The point “2'
of the latch I30 is beveled or inclined on its inner
side so that it can readily pass over and engage
the pin I40. To free the latch from the pin I40
at the opposite end of its movement, a rigid stop
pin I43 is provided, mounted on the adjacent
As the impression head begins to descend ‘to ' bracket arm. I34 and over which the free end of
make an impression, the separator roll 35 is ro
the latch passes and by which it is lifted. As
tated counter-clockwise to separate an envelope soon as the latch is lifted free of the pin I40, the
from the stack 26, the pressure roll 69 is ?rst tension device I32 to which the other end of the
tape I30 is secured, pulls the tape back and ro
15 lifted to let the forward end of the envelope enter
between the two rolls 66 and 69 and then the roll tates the pulley I3I in the opposite direction.
69 is pressed down to press the envelope against
the conveyor roll 66 which is always rotating.
as the segmental gear I35 begins its return
At the same time the top stretch 8I of the feed
movement and the 'tension device I32 rotates
The latch is disengaged by the pin I43 just
20 tape is moving to the right and as‘it receives the
the pulley backwards until the pin I40 in the 20
envelope from the rolls 66 and 69 it 'carries it ' pulley again engages with the latch I35. A suit
forward in between the guides I06 and‘ I01 and able stop pin I44 is arranged to limit the in—
against the stop‘ I04 into printing position‘.
After the envelope has been printed, the head
22 begins to rise and the top stretch 8| of the tape
80 is drawn to the left and carries the printed
envelope to the left from the printing position
and beneath the roll 66 to be discharged. A sec
ond pressure roll I25 is arranged below the pres
30 sure roll 66 and the tape passes through between
these rolls‘ carrying the printed envelope with it.
ward movement of the latch I4I when it is free
.of the pin I40.
~
'
'
The tape tension device I32 consists of a tape
drum I45 mounted for free rotation on a sleeve
I46 carried by a shaft I41 which is held in
brackets I48 on the machine top 2I.
'
'
A spring I49 of the clock spring form is'pro
vided, mounted in a casing I50, and is connected 30
at its inner end with the drum I45 by a pin I5I
At the top of the receptacle 3| a de?ector plate - ?xed in the side of the drum and at its outer
I26 is arranged to guide the envelope, being dis
charged, as shown at I21, down into the‘recep
tacle 3i.
‘
" ,
Carried on‘ the head 21 are impression rolls I28
and I29 which are arranged to be passed back
and forth,» beneath the head 21 when it is de
pressed into printing position and thus cause the
4-0
printing tape, not shown, to make the impression
on the envelope in the usual manner from the
printing plate not shown, but positioned in print
ing positionbelow the opening 28 in the top
plate 2|.
,
-
The form of the vinvention shown in Figs. 5 to
end to the inner periphery of the casing I50.
The spring casing is mounted for rotation on'
I the sleeve I46, and is held against rotation by
projections I52 on the outer periphery of the
casing and which projections are adapted to be
engaged by a spring pressed latch I53 pivotally
mounted on a fixed bracket I54. Thecasing I50
is adapted to be rotated by hand to wind up the 40
spring I50 to put a tension on the tape I30 and
is provided with rigid projections I55 for'this ‘
purpose. The rotatable parts are held in place
longitudinally on the sleeve I45 between a fixed
collar I50 at one end and a removable collar I51
atthe other end secured in place by a set screw.
10, inclusive, is similar to the form already de
scribed except that instead of the continuous feed,
tape 80 I provide a feed tape I30 which‘ is at
ing movement of the tape I30, that it starts» into
tached at one. end to the periphery of a large
motion so‘ suddenly that it slips beneath the en- I
It sometimes occurs upon the envelope eject- '
50 belt pull y I3I similar to'the belt pulley '36 al-- - velope and does not start the ejection of same 50
ready d cribed, and at its opposite, end the tape‘
_ quickly enough.
To avoid this possibility I ar
I30 is mounted on a take-up device I32, located range a non-skid , abutment I58 adjustably
at the right hand end of the machine top 2I. The mounted on one edge of the tape I30 and adapt?
take-up device is similar to a spring action shade ' ed to engage the envelope and cause it to move
roller and properly tensions the tape at all times. with the tape to be ejected.
This abutment I50, as best shown in Fig. 10,
The single tape ‘I30 requires a different means
of controlling the pulley I3I than already de
scribed in connection with the continuous tape 00.
As before, the pulley I3I is mounted‘ on _a
55'
‘consists in a metal block I59 provided with a ,
longitudinal slot_I60 near its bottom‘ to receive
an edge of the tape. In the slot in and above
60 shaft I33 rotatably mounted in bearings arranged
the tape-there is a pressure plate I6I which is 00
at the free ends of arms I34 projecting from the
machine frame 20. A segmental gear I35 is pro
vided similar to the gear 93 already described and .
which meshes with a pinion I36 mounted for
65 rotation on the shaft I33. But instead of the,
held in place by vertical guide pins I62, project
ing up through holes provided in the block I59.
pinion being connected directly to the pulley I3I
to rotate same, it is connected to the pulley
v70
The pressure plate is clamped down upon the
tape ‘by a~screw I63 mountedin the block I59. '
The forward end of the block is provided with an 65
upwardly inclined projection or tongue
I64
adapted to'project above the adjacent end of an
through .a latching means which permits the
_envelope to be 'discharged and not let the en
pulleyto be freed at times-from the pinion.
This latching means consists of a radial arm velope be disengaged from the abutment I50.
In practice the non-sln'd abutment I58 is ad-' 70
I31 rigid with thev pinion and carrying at its
outer end a latch member I38 pivotally mounted >
thereon to swing out and in and yieldingly held
' inwardly by a tension spring I39 connected be
tween the arm I31 and the latch I38.>
justed to such a. position on the conveyor tape
I30 that it does not interfereiwith the position
ing of the article to be printed, in printing po- -
sition, against the regular registering stop I04, 75
5
2,108,799
but is .positioned beyond same‘ during the print-' eject it from printing position. As the free end
of the bell-(crank arm I18 swings in'a horizontal
ing operation.
I
'
.
As the tape I30 is moved to the left to carry plane and the opposite end of the connecting‘ rod
the printed article away from printing position I8I swings in a vertical plane, suitable universal
and discharge same, the non-skid abutmentis in joints I83 and I84 are used in“ connecting the rod
position to engage the printed article‘, if neces
sary, and ensure its discharge _m0vement with
10
I8I at its ends to the member 22, andto the bell-'- »
crank I 11.
The full line position of the parts in Fig. 11
the tape.
a‘
shows the limiting position on its ejection move
As best shown in Fig. 5, _this form ofv mecha- " . ment, and the dotted line position shows the
nism is provided with a yielding roll I65 similar
- to the roll 99 already described for holding the
envelope down ing‘printing position but in this
instance instead of being located centrally over
the tape I30, it is oft-set side-wise to allow the
15 abutment I58 to pass freely past same.
A third form of the invention is shown in Figs.
11 to 13, inclusive. In this form, insteadbf the
feed tape as already described, thereis provided
a sliding metallic carrier which is moved back
20 and forth somewhat similar to the described
movements of the tapes.
'
‘
In this form of the invention instead of de
10V
extreme position of the feeding movement. As
in the other forms, an adjustable stop‘ I85 is pro
vided for limiting the inward movement of the
envelope to cause it to properly, register with the
printing mechanism. This stop is ?xed on one 15.
end of a rod I86 which is adjustably mounted in
a ?xed bracket I81 secured to the rear end of the
_ slide‘ guide I10.
Otherwise than as [described the feed mecha
nism including the feed rollers etc., are the same 20
'in this form of the invention as in those already
described._
,
As many other modi?cations of the invention
upon which the head 22 is mounted, motion is, will readily suggest themselves to one skilled in 25
the art I'do not limit or con?ne the invention to
25 derived directly from the head, and the mech
anism which takes the place of the feed tapes the speci?c details of construction of the forms
describedyexcept within the scope of the ap
etc., herein before described, is as follows:
' riving motion for'the feeder through the shaft
An envelope carrying slide device is provided
which consists of two ?at strap-like bars I66
30 which are arranged longitudinally of the ma
chine top in position to receive the side edge por
tions of the envelopes to be printed. These bars
I66 are parallel with each other and are secured
at their inner ends to a cross bar I61. They are
to the under sides of blocks I60 which
35. secured
are adjustably mounted on the cross bar I61 to
be adjusted from and toward each other to ac
commodate envelopes of different widths. The
cross bar I61 is secured to the inner end of a ?at
slide member I69 ,which is mounted to slide lon
gitudinally of the machine in a ?xed slide guide
I10 secured upon the top M of the machine.
Above the front slide bar I66 there is a second
bar I1I adapted when the‘ envelope is in printing
45 position to lie down on the envelope and hold it
?at down in place. This bar "I is pivoted at
pended
claims.
’
> _
I claim:
-
‘
1. In a feed mechanism of the kinddescribed 30
for co-operation with a printing machine, a tape
for moving'the articles to be printed, into and
out of printing position, a pulley to which one
end of the tape is secured for moving the tape
in one direction, a segmental gear and a co-oper
35
ating' pinion for intermittently rotating, said
pulley, and latch means for connecting the pinion
to the pulley for rotating same.
'
2. The invention de?ned in claim 1, and means
for unlatching the pinion from the pulley at one V40
end of its movement, and means for automati
cally closing the latch at the opposite end of
the movement. _
3. In a mechanism of the kind described, a re
ciprocating tape for conveying articles to be 45
printed to printing position, and an abutment I
its inner end to the adjacent block I68 to swing . on the tape arranged and adapted to engage the
up and down and its free end I12 is bent or articles as the tape is operated to‘ remove them
formed
pwardly to‘ engage and ride over the
from‘ printing position.
4. The invention de?ned in claim 3, the abut
"31f the feeding mechanism and be lift .ment
being adjustably mounted on the tape and
50 shaft
ed free f the envelope v‘on the ejecting move-'
50
arranged to be free of the article when same is
ment.
~
.
The slide guide I10 is provided with a longi
tudinally extending opening I13 on its under
55 side'and through‘. which a post I14, rigid with
the slide member. I69, projects downwardly.
_ This post' is connected by "a horizontal link
I15 with a long arm I16 of a bell-crank I11,
which has a short arm I18 by which the bell
60 crank is adapted to be swung on its pivot I19.
The pivot I19 is mounted‘ in the free end of a
' ‘?at projection I80 extending out from the side
of the slide guide I10.
I
.65
For swinging the bell-crank I11 back and forth
and through the bell-crank moving the slide I69
back and forth, the free end of the short arm
I18 of the bell-crank I11 is connected by a rod
I8I with a projection I82‘ extending out rigidly
from the side of the impr‘esison‘v member 22 of the
printing machine. As explained before, the
70
member 22 has a forward and back rocking mo
in printing position.
,
I
5. The invention: as de?ned in claim 3, stop
means for accurately positioning the article in 55
printing position, the abutment on the tape ar
rang'ed- to be positioned beyond the said stop L.
means when the article is in printing- position.
6.
a blank feeding mechanism of the kind
described-for co-operation with -a printing ma-' 60
chine, a reciprocating tape arranged and adapted
to carry an articlefsuch as an envelope into a
_ position to be printed, and afterit has been print
ed to withdraw it from the printing position,
the envelope remaining in substantially, relatively 65
?xed contact with the tape during this operation,
a power operated, member to which one end of
the tape is secured\for moving the tape in one
direction, and a yielding tension device to which _
the other end of the tape is secured for moving -70
the tape inv the opposite direction.
7. In a mechanism of the kind described for
tion which moves the printing head up and down ‘ co-operation with a printing machine having a
and this forward and back rocking "motion is
. . ~ ‘utilized to move the feed slide mechanism to car
75, ry the envelope vinto printing position and to
printing position, a reciprocating ?at slide mem
ber arranged and adapted to carry an article
6
2,108,799
such as an envelope, into a position to be printed,
and after it is printed to withdraw it from print
ing position, the arrangement being such that
the article is in substantially relatively ?xed con
tact with the ?at slide member during this oper
in
ation, means connecting the slide member with
the printing machine for movement thereby, and
an elongated‘member pivotally mounted on the
slide member adaptedto rest upon the upper
surface of the article being printed and hold it
in contact with the flat slide member.
8. The invention as de?ned in claim 7, and
10. In a blank feeding mechanism ‘of the kind
described, for co-operation with a printing ma
chine having a printing position, a holder for
articles to be printed, means for successively
separating and advancing articles from the
holder to said printing position and including an
intermittently operated blank separating mem
ber, a pair of advancing rolls, a ?at reciprocating
member arranged and adapted to receive the
blank from said pair of advancing rolls and ad 10
vance it to printing position, the arrangement
being such that the article lies in substantially
means for automatically lifting the elongated . relatively fixed contact with said ?at reciprocat
member as the slide member is moved to dis— \ ing member during this operation, means co
charge the article.
operating with the reciprocating'member ar 15
9. In a blank' feeding mechanism of the kind ~ ranged and adapted to hold the blank down upon
described for co-operation with a printing ma
the reciprocating member during the blank ad
chine having a printing position a ?at recip
vancing and blank ejecting movements thereof. '
rocating member operatively connected to the .7 11; The invention as de?ned in claim 9, the
20 printing machine for movement thereby and ar
?at, reciprocating member comprising a ?at 20
ranged to carry a blank such as an envelope, metallic member.
'
into said printing position to-be printed, and
after it is printed to carry it away from the
printing position, the article being in substan
25 tially'relatively ?xed contact with the ?at re
ciprocating member throughout this operation,
and a pressure member arranged adjacent to said
printingposition above said reciprocating mem
ber arranged and adapted to press the article
30 against the said reciprocating member as and
for the purpose specified;
-
12. The invention as de?ned in claim 9, the flat
reciprocating member comprising a pair of par
allel ?at metallic strips.
"
13. The invention as defined in claim 10, the 25
?at reciprocating member comprising a ?at
metallic member.
'14. The invention as de?ned in claim 10, the‘
?at reciprocating member comprising a pair of
parallel ?at metallic strips.
-
WM. WARD DAVIDSON.
'
30
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