Патент USA US2108892код для вставки
Feb. 22, 1938. I C. H. KESTENMAN , 2,108,892 INSIGNIA HOLDING BRACELET CLASP Filed Jan. 2/1956 a???” ' év it Patented Feb. 22, 1938 \ 2,108,892 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,108,892 INSIGNIA HOLDING BRACELET CLASP Charles H. Kestenman, Providence, R. I., assign or to Kestenman Bros. Mfg. 00., Providence, R. L, a corporation of Rhode Island Application January 2, 1936, Serial No. 57,238 13 Claims. (Cl. 40-140) This invention relates to buckles, clasps and like devices for connecting the ends of wrist watch straps, bands, bracelets and similar arti cles and more particularly to devices in which Cl interchangeable initial letters or other ornamen tal insignia. may be mounted. One object of the invention is to provide a fastening device for straps, bands or bracelets having a novel construction and arrangement of elements for mounting and displaying inter changeable initial letters or other character elements. Another object of the invention is to provide an extensible clasp of the type indicated com prising a plurality of hinged members adapted to be folded into overlying relationship in a cover member with means in the cover for mounting the character elements. Another object of the invention is to provide a 2-0‘ device of the type indicated including a movable plate which overlies the character elements to hold them in place and a slidable extension mem 2 ber for adjusting the length of the clasp which latter member overlies the plate and holds it in engagement with the character elements. Another object of the invention is to provide an extensible clasp of the type indicated having with its parts folded into overlying relationship and showing the ratchet-means for latching the extension member in adjusted position; Fig. 5 is an enlarged transverse sectional View taken on line 5—5 of Fig. 4 showing the offset marginal ?ange and. cooperating plate for hold ing the character elements in the cover member; Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the cover member of the clasp showing the holding plate raised to its inoperative position to permit the interchange able character elements to be mounted in the opening; Fig. '7 is a view similar to Fig. 6 showing the plate folded into closed position and the exten sion member in position to be slid into the cover 15 member; and Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a modi?ed form of character element adapted to be set in the opening in the clasp. The present invention relates generally to an _ extensible clasp or buckle including a cover mem ber in which interchangeable character elements are mounted to be exposed to View through a suitable opening formed therein. Preferably, the cover member has an o-ifset marginal ?ange around the opening forming a recess in which the character elements are set and the latter a releasable detent on the retaining plate which have extended ends which overlie the ?ange. A cooperates with the adjustable extension. member 30 to limit the outward sliding movement of the plate overlies the character elements and a re movable extension member slides in the cover latter. I Still another object of the invention is to pro vide a clasping device of the type indicated hav ing an attractive and ornamental appearance, a simple and compact structure, and one which is adapted for use over long periods of time with out repair or replacement of its parts. Further objects of the invention are set forth in the following speci?cation which describes a 40 preferred form of construction of the device, by way of example, as illustrated by the accompany ing drawing. In the drawing: Fig. l is a perspective view showing the oppo site ends of a. two-part bracelet connected to member and bears against the plate to maintain the character elements properly positioned in the recess. The clasp is preferably of the type in which a plurality of sections are hingedly con nected to adapt them to be unfolded to lengthen 35 the bracelet and to be folded’ into overlying rela tionship when on the wrist, but the clasp itself may take other forms. In the present embodi ment of the invention the clasp isjprovided with a slidable extension member and ratchet or simi lar latching means for holding it in adjusted po sition. A releasable detent means is also pro mounted in the cover member and exposed to view through an opening therein; Fig. 3 is a plan view of the clasp illustrated with vided on the plate which cooperates with the slid able extension member to limit-its outward move ment with respect to the cover member. 45 Referring to the drawing, one form of clasp 2 is herein illustrated for connecting the opposite sections 3 and 4 of a two-part bracelet, but it will be understood that other forms of clasps or buckles may incorporate the novel features of the present invention. The clasp 2 as illustrated its sections in extended relationship and showing the cooperating parts for retaining the character namely: a base member ‘I, an intermediate hinged gether by the present improved clasping device; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectionalview illustrat ing the clasp with its pivoted sections in extended relationship and showing the character elements elements in position in the cover member; Fig. 4 is a plan view of the clasp illustrated comprises three pivotally connected sections, connecting member 8 and a top member or cover 9. These several members may be constructed as _2,108,892 stampings struck up from thin sheet-metal stock and curved slightly to conform to the contour of the wearer’s wrist. The base member ‘I may be constructed in the form of a relatively ?at plate I5 having side ?anges I I folded upwardly there from. The opposite ends of the plate portion Ill extend beyond the side» ?anges I I and are curled around tov form hinge loops I2 and I3 for con its lateral edge portions from which the ?anges 3| depend. The eifect of this is to provide a raised panel on the top of the cover 9 and a ?at recess 43 on the under side of its plate portion 30 for a purpose as later explained. The character elements 4|] may be in the form of initial letters of any suitable design, preferably of a thickness equal to the depth of the recess formed by the nection respectively with the end link of one of offset ?ange 44, and provided with extended end the bracelet sections 3 and at the other end with 'bars 45 which engage the'?ange 44 on opposite 10 the intermediate connecting member 8 of the sides of the opening 4|. The character elements are thus exposed to View in the opening 4| , being clasp. The side ?anges II have detent projec tions I4 at their sides which cooperate with the held in their proper spaced relationship by the cover member 9 when the parts of the clasp are bars 45 the ends of which abut. Any desired 15 folded into closed or clasped relationship in a combination of initial letters may be set in the 15 manner as later more fully explained. ‘ recess formed by the offset marginal ?ange 44, or The intermediateconnecting member ‘8 may be other suitable ‘character elements, such for ex stamped from sheet-metal with a rectangular ample as that illustrated in Fig. 8, may be Sub portion I9 having side ?anges 20 folded down stituted. In this latter modi?cation the charac ter element is in the form of a plate 41 of suitable 20 wardly therefrom. The ?anges 20 have exten sions at one end pierced with holes to receive a size‘and shape to ?t into the recess formed by the hinge-pin 2| extending therebetween and passing offset ?ange 44 and having ornamental insignia through the hinge loop I3 .on the base member '| to pivotally connect the two members. At its opposite end the member 8 is bifurcated to pro or other embellishment 48 embossed, engraved or otherwise delineated on its surface. vide spaced tabs which are curled over to form in the recess 43 to cause it to overlie the char hinge loops 23. The main portion of the mem~ ber 8 is cut away centrally throughout substan tially its full length to provide a rectangular opening 25 and the edges of the opening are in engagement with the marginal ?ange 44. Preferably the plate 49 is pivotally mounted on the hinge-pin 33 in the opening between the 30 formed with ratchet-teeth 26 for a purpose as later explained. The toprelement or cover 9 is constituted by a relatively ?at plate portion 30 having side ?anges 3| bent downwardly and then inwardly to form opposite channels or guideways 32. A hinge-pin 33 extends through holes in the ?anges 3| adja cent one end thereof and through the spaced hinge loops 23 on the member 8 to pivotally con 40 nect the latter to the end of the cover member 9. It will be observed by reference to Figs. 2 and 5 that the sections ‘I and 8 are adapted to be folded A thin plate 49 of resilient sheet metal is placed 25 acter elements 40 to hold the end bars 45 thereof spaced bearing loops 23 on the end of the inter mediate connecting member 8. For this purpose the end of the plate 49 is reduced in width and curled over to form a hinge loop 50 surrounding the pin 33. The width and thickness of the plate 35 49 are substantially equal to the width and depth of the recess 43 to form a substantially ?at con tinuous inner face on the cover member 9. Pref one over the other and into the top or cover mem erably, the plate 49 is convexed slightly more than the plate 39 of the cover member 9 and is re siliently held against the character elements 40 by the extension member 35 which bears against the inner face of the plate and ?exes it to en ber 9, the detent projections I4 on the base mem gage the bottom of the recess 43 in the cover ber ‘I cooperating with the spaced-apart edges 34 of the inwardly-directed portions of the ?anges 3| to releasably clasp the members together. member 9 above the character elements 40. At its outer free end the plate 49 is slitted and the 45. material between the slits struck up to provide a tongue 5| for a purpose as will later appear. The extension member 35 is constructed from a strip of sheet-metal cut away to provide a lon 50 An extension member 35, later to be more fully described, is slidably mounted in the cover mem ber 9 and joined’ to the end link of the bracelet section 4 by means of a connecting loop 36. As thus far described the clasp is similar to those previously used in the art in that the three sec tions ‘I, 8 and 9 can be unfolded to extended re lationship to permit the bracelet to pass over the 'hand of the wearer and then collapsed by fold gitudinally extending rectangular opening 52. The metal at the sides of the opening 52 is bent or folded over to form upwardly extending side ?anges 53 which are folded inwardly on them selves to provide opposite parallel guiding rails 54. The rails 54 are adapted to closely ?t within ing the parts into overlying relationship and into the channels or guideways 32 of the cover mem the cover member to shorten the bracelet to en gage the wrist. To facilitate the opening out of ber 9 to hold the extension member 35 bearing against the pivoted plate 49 while permitting the the pivoted sections of the clasp the plate por tion 30 of the cover member 9 is extended beyond the side ?anges 3| to provide a ?nger-grip 31 under which the ?nger-nail may be inserted. In accordance with the present invention the 65 cover 9 is adapted to mount interchangeable character elements which may take the form of initial letters 49 or any other desired insignia. To this end the plate portion 39 of the cover 9 is formed with a rectangular opening 4| bounded 70 by a relatively narrow upset ribbed frame 42 shaped to provide an inwardly-directed marginal ?ange 44 offset from the inner face of the plate. It is to be further noted that at either side of the framed opening 4| the plate portion 39 of 75 the cover 8 is upset or raised above the plane of base member 'I and - intermediate. connecting 60 member 8 to be folded into overlying relationship. within the cover member 9. The end portion of the extension member 35 forms a crossbar 55 for receiving the connecting loop 36 for joining the clasp to the bracelet section 4. At its inward 65 end the member 35 is provided with a pair of resilient pawls 56 which project upwardly into the opening 25 in the intermediate connecting member 8 when the parts of the clasp are in folded 01' closed relationship. The pawls 56 are 70 formed with curved ends 51 which project out— wardly to engage with the teeth 25 on the edges of the opening 25 in the member 8. The pawls 56 arepreferably formed from the material of the member 35 which is cut away to the proper out 3. 2,108,892 line and the cut-out portions folded upwardly member 9, the inclined or beveled sides of the from the stock. Preferably, the outer ends of the pawls 56 are tapered from their upper to their relatively stationary ratchet-teeth 26 permitting‘ lower edges to facilitate the folding of the inter When the clasp has been contracted to the proper mediate member 8 into the cover member 9. A‘ adjustment the pawls 56 engage the ratchet-' teeth 26 to hold the extension member 35 in ?xed relationship with respect to the cover member 9. preferred construction of the clasp having now been described in detail, its mode of operation will be next explained. ' ‘ the resilient pawls 56 to slide over the teeth - To remove the bracelet from the wrist the A purchaser selects a particular bracelet and 10 character elements such as the monogram ini ?nger-nail is inserted under the extended lip 31 tials 40, or an element or elements of any other suitable ornamental form, to be mounted in the from the base member 1 by releasing the latch ing engagement of the detents M with the edges clasp. To apply the character elements to the clasp the salesperson unfolds the sections 11‘, 8 and 9 to extended relationship, raises the pivoted plate 49 to the position shown ‘in Fig. 6 and sets! 34 of the side ?anges 3! on the cover member. Theithree pivoted sections of the clasp may then' the initial letters 49 or other elements in~the recess of the frame 42 formed bythe offset mar; ginal ?ange 44. When initial letters are used 20 their end bars 45 are placed in engagement with the ?anges 44 at opposite sides of the opening 4| with the ends of the bars 45 in abutting engage ment to hold the initials in proper spaced rela tion. The plate .49 is then swung downwardly 25 into position until it lies wholly in the recess 43 on the cover member 9 to withdraw the latter» 103 be unfolded to an extended relationship as shown inFigsi'Z ‘and 3 to lengthen the bracelet. As the? intermediate section 8 is moved away from the cover member 9 the ratchet-teeth '26 are with drawn from engagement with the pawls 56 on the extension member‘ 35. The extension member 201 35 when thus released will slide outwardly of‘ the cover member 9 until engaged at ‘theend of the opening 52 by the upstanding tongue 5‘ to overlie the character elements 40 as shown in on'the plate 49 which forms a stop. The brace let may then be removed over the hand; and if 251 desired the extension member 35 may be re Fig. '7. moved from the clasp by depressing the plate The extension member 35 is next .alined with the open end of the cover member 9 as illus trated in Fig. 7 and the side rails 54 slid into 30 position in the guideways 32 on the cover member 9. As the extension member 35 enters the cover member 9 the end of the plate 49 yields to permit the end portion of the extension member to pass over the upstanding tongue. 5|. After the ex-. tension member 35 has been slid into the‘cover member 9 a sufficient distance to position the end of its opening 52 above‘the tongue 5I- the-end, of theplate 49 springs up to enter the tongue 5| into the opening whereby it forms a stop for limiting 40 the outward movement of the extension member. If,-however, it is again desired to remove the ex tension member 35 to substitute other character» 49 and tongue 5! to permit substitution of other character elements 40 for those in place. The parts may then be reassembled and the brace- ' let again applied to use in the manner as pre-v viously explained. ' I It will be observed that my invention provides an. extensible clasp having a novel structure and" arrangement of means‘for mountingand dis- ‘ playing‘character elements such as initial let ters or the like. It will further be observed that the initial letters may be set in proper position. in the cover member of the clasp and the parts of the clasp quickly and easily assembled to main; tain the elements in their proper relationship. Still further, it will be observed that therclasp elements 49, or for any other purpose such as‘ of the present invention has an artistic and or repair or replacement of the parts, the resilient plate 49 maybe depressed by the use ofa suit ‘ namental appearance, a simple and compact ar- ‘ raiigeinent of its elements and is capable-of‘ be- ' able tool to release the tongue 5|. and the exten- - ing manually. adjusted to shorten the bracelet sion member withdrawn. , ' .. . v . With the character elements'40 and extension member 35 assembled in the cover member 9 of 50 the clasp and the hinged sections TandiB opened out the bracelet may be readily slipped over the hand of the wearer without disconnection. of its ends. The hinged sections 1 and ?are then folded by merely sliding the extension member into the cover member. ‘ While I have herein shown and described a preferred form of construction of the device, by way of example, it is to be understood that var? ‘ ious modi?cations may be made in the structure _ and arrangement of the parts of the‘ clasp'withe‘ to the position shown in dot-and-dash lines in » ‘out departing from the spirit or scope of the in Fig. 2 and pressed into the cover member 9 be- ‘ vention. Therefore, without limiting myself in 551: tween its side flanges 3| to reduce the length of the bracelet. As illustrated in Fig. 5, the side this respect, I claim: l.vIn a device of the type indicated, a clasp member for attachment to one end of a bracelet, ?anges 29 on the intermediate connecting mem ber 8 lie within the side ?anges H on the base 1 said member having an opening therein, inter changeable character elements'extending, across 60 7 60 member 1 and they detents l4 on- the side ?anges ll snap under the edges 34 of the inwardly-di the opening with their ends overlying the mar rected portions of the ?anges 3| on the cover ginal portions thereof, a plate overlying the" member 9 to latch the members; in folded rela- , character elements and cooperating with the tionship. With the clasp closed or foldedv the extension member 35>lies betweenv the interme clasp member to hold the character elements in diate connecting member 8. andIthe plate 49 with the upstanding pawls 56 projecting into the open attachment to the opposite end of the bracelet and slidable longitudinally in the clasp member. to extend the length of the device, said exten sion member ‘bearing against the plate to hold the latter in engagement with the character ele-‘ .70 I ing 25 in the intermediate member to engage the ratchet-teeth 26 at the sides of the opening. As 70 illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, the extension member 35 is extended or withdrawn to. its fullestextent ' and is engaged at one end of the opening 52 .by a the upstanding tongue 5|. To. contract thelength of the clasp to closely ?tlthe bracelet to thew-rist. 75 the extension member 35 is slid into the cover, position, and an extension member adapted for" 651', ments. - 2. In a device of the type indicated, a clasp? . member having an opening therein, interchange- > able character elements extending across-‘the opening with their ends overlying the marginal; 2,108,892 ' portions thereof, a plate pivotally mountedon ‘the _ cooperating with the extension member tov limit. clasp member, said plate being rockable about its; its outward movement with respect. to the. clasp pivot into’ engagement with the character, ele 9.; In» an extensible clasp, a member having an ments to hold them‘ inv place'in the clasp member, and amember slidable in the clasp member and openingtherein, interchangeable character ele— bearing against the plate to hold the latter in’ ments, exposed in the opening with their‘ends member. engagement with the character elements. , . , _3. In a device of the type indicated, 'a clasp member having an opening therein with an offset 10, ?ange at the sides of the openingyforming a re cess, character elements in the recess and having their ends overlying the offset ?ange, a plate on, the clasp member overlying the recess ,to hold the character elements therein,'and a member 15 slidable, longitudinally of the clasp member to extend the length of the device and bearing against the plate to hold it in position in the clasp member. 4. In a device of the type indicated, a clasp 20 member having an opening therein with an off set ?angeat the sides of the opening forming a V r - overlying the marginal portions thereof, a plate overlying the character elements to hold .them in ,place, an extension member slidable in the clasp member and bearing against the plate, de 10 tent means on the'plate adapted to engage the extensionmember to limit its outward movement with respect to the clasp member, and pawl-and; ratchet means cooperating with the extension member to- hold the latter in adjusted positio in the clasp member. I . . .» a 10. In an extensible clasp, a cover member, a pluralityof pivotally connected sections hinged to the cover member and adapted to be folded thereinto, said'cover member having an ‘opening formed therein, interchangeable character'xele- . recess; character elements disposed in they recess ments exposed in said- opening with their ends with, their ends overlying the offset ?ange, a overlyingthe marginal portions thereof, a plate ?exible plate pivotally mounted on the clasp overlying the character elements to hold the '25 member and adapted to overlie the recess to hold ‘ elements in positionin the cover member, an ex the character elements in position therein, and tension member slidable in the cover member an adjusting member slidable in the clasp mem and bearing against the plate, and cooperating 30. her and bearing against the plate to hold it. in pawl-and-ratchet means on said extension mem position over the recess. ber andone of’ said foldable members for holding ‘ .5. ‘In a clasp, a member having an opening thereinrand opposite side ?anges forming chan the extension memberin adjusted position. ' 11. In an extensible clasp, a cover member hav— ~ . 3O ' nels, interchangeable character elements ex-' posed in said opening with their end portions ing opposite side ?anges forming guideways and a centrally-positioned opening,’ interchangeable" overlying the marginal portions of’ the opening, character elements exposed in said. opening with a’plate overlying the, character elements to hold , their ends overlying marginal portions thereof, a them in place in the opening, and an. extension pin extending between the side flanges of the member having side rails slidable in the chan-‘ cover member adjacent one end thereof, a plate nels on the clasp member to adapt it to extend ' the length’of the device, said last-named mem 40s. berbearing against the plate to hold it in en gagement with the character elements. 6. In a clasp, a member'having an opening pivotally mounted on the pin and adapted tolbe positioned to overlie the character elements, an extension member slidable on said plate and hav 40' ing side rails embraced by the oppositevguide- . ways of the cover member, a plurality of pivotal- ‘ therein and opposite side, channels, a pin at one ly connected sections adapted to be folded into end of the member, ;a plate pivotally mounted on ‘overlying relationshipin said cover member, and - 45. the pin, interchangeable character elementsex “ posed insaid opening with their ends overlying marginal portions thereof, and a member slid able on the clasp'member and having side rails embraced by the opposite channels thereof, said cooperating means on the extensionmember and. - one of the foldable members for holding the ex tension member in adjusted position. '12; In an extensible clasp, a cover member hav- _. ing a plate portion and ‘opposite side ?anges 50 member. bearing against the plate to hold the , folded to form guideways, said, plate portion hav "character elements in place in the clasp. ing a channel extending longitudinally‘ thereof 7. In an extensible clasp, a member adapted» with an opening‘therein, an offset. ?ange at the‘ for attachmentto one end of a bracelet and hav sides of the opening, interchangeable character ing an opening therein, interchangeable charac elements exposed in’ said opening with their'ends 55 ter elements exposed in the opening withtheir overlying the ‘offset ?ange, a plate pivotallya in v! ' ends overlying the marginal portions thereof, a mounted adjacent one end of the cover member plate overlying the character elements to hold' and adapted, to be positioned vto overlie the char them in position in the opening, an extension member adapted for attachment to the opposite 60 the plate, and means cooperating with the ex the plate and having side rails embraced by the opposite guideways vof the cover member, ‘said to" extension member having a resilient pawl, and a member pivoted to the covergmember at one end and adapted to be'folded into said. cover mem tension member to hold the latter injadjusted position with respect to the clasp member. engageable by‘ the pawl to :permit the extension end of the bracelet and slidable longitudinally in therclasp member to extend the length of the device, said extension member bearing against 65. acter elements, an extension member slidable on 8. In an extensible clasp, a member having an openingv therein, interchangeable character ele ments. exposed in the opening with their ends overlying the marginal portions thereof, a plate her, said pivoted member having ratchet-teeth ‘ 65 .1 memberto be slid inwardly into the. cover mem her to‘ contract thel‘en‘gth of the clasp while‘ 00- 7 voperating with the pawl ‘to prevent extension of I said member. 13. In an‘extensibleblasp, a member havingqa" 70, overlying the character. elements to. hold them ‘ in place, an extension member slidable in the plate portion and opposite side ?anges forming. clasp member and bearing'against, the plate, and guidewaya'said plate portion having a longitudi- , . means cooperating with the extension member to hold the latter in adjusted position'on' the ' 75.. nally extending channel with an opening therein * and an offset marginal ?ange‘ surrounding v‘the < clasp; member, said plate having detent means, opening, interchangeable character elements in 2,108,892 the recess formed by the oifset marginal ?ange arranged with their ends overlying the flange, a pin extending between the opposite side ?anges on the clasp‘ member, a plate pivotally mounted Ul 5 and an extension member slidable in the clasp member and having side rails embraced by the guideWa-ys at the opposite sides thereof, said ex on the pin and adapted to be positioned in the tension member bearing against said pivoted plate to hold it in engagement with the charac longitudinally-extending channel overlying the character elements to hold the latter in position, ter elements in the recess. CHARLES H. KESTENMAN.