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Патент USA US2108903

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Feb. v22, E938.
Filed March 16, 1936
______ __'_____
Patented Feb. 22, 1938
Julius Ritter, Jr. and Syevirous Essmus, Racine,
Wis., assignors to Hartmann Trunk Company,
Racine, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin
Application March 16, 1936, Serial N0. 69,053
2 Claims.
The present invention relates to improvements
(Cl. 190-41)
movement of the frame with the garments there
in luggage cases of the type equipped with ad
justable fixtures for folding and confining one
on to the confining position, there must of neces
sity be a distortion, stretching, or shifting of the
or more garments within the carrier or con
garments, which is objectionable with respect to
fragile garments.
A specific object of the present invention is to
5 tainer,
Many types of fixtures for folding and confin
ing garments within an ordinary luggage case,
comprising relatively movable body and cover
sections, have heretofore been proposed. Most
of these prior fixtures are so complicated in con
struction and mode of operation, as to make their
overcome the afore-mentioned difficulty by pro
viding a luggage case of the character described
wherein the individual garment bars are so dis
posed relative to the frame that the distance 10
use by the genera-l public impractical. While
some of the prior fixtures for thus loading and
between the same and the bar at the outer end
of the frame is precisely the same in either the
raised or lowered position of the frame, with the
confining men’s garments within a carrier case
l5 are relatively satisfactory, many of the prior
devices are unsatisfactory for the purpose of
result that garments carried by the frame and
bars are not shifted, distorted, or stretched dur
ing the manipulation of the frame from one posi
loading and retaining relatively delicate dresses
and other Women’s garments which are suscep
tible of being easily stretched, distorted and un
20 desirably wrinkled or crushed. These delicate
tion to another.
A more specific object of the invention ‘is to
provide a luggage case wherein a garment bar is
carried by a bracket by being disposed in a slot
garments, due to their length, must frequently
extending along the locus of points equidistant
be folded several times before they are sufli
from the limits of movement of the frame.
Another speciñc object of the invention is to
provide, in a luggage case, simple bracket means
ciently compacted to permit confinement thereof
within a section of a luggage case; and the mech
25 anism for eñecting such folding and subsequent
confinement should avoid sharp creasing, stretch
ing and rubbing of the fabric.
It is, therefore, a general object of the present
invention to provide an improved garment sup
30 porting fixture which, besides being extremely
simple, compact and durable in construction, can
be readily manipulated to load and unload fragile
and delicate ladies’ wearing apparel Without dan
ger of injuring, disheveling, distorting or shifting
35 such garments.
There are many types of garment confining
luggage carriers on the market wherein a folding
frame cooperates with loading bars removably
mounted in a case section, in suitable brackets
40 or supports, at the inner end of the frame. In
for removably and shiftably carrying the ends
of garment bars, and arranged so that said gar
ment bars may be easily released and engaged
by flexing one of the bracket members.
Another object of the invention is to provide
a luggage case having easily manipulated means
for foldably confining a number of full length
garments within one section of the case, while
maintaining the other section of the case free
for the reception of other luggage.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
vide a luggage case and garment supporting
means associated therewith, which are of light
weight, but rigid and durable in construction,
and which permits the manufacture of the case
at a minimum cost.
45 loading and folding step, said brackets hold the
loading bars in a stacked relationship either in
These and other objects and advantages of the
invention will be apparent from the following
detailed description.
A clear conception of an embodiment of the
features constituting the present invention and
of the mode of constructing and operating lug
the plane of the frame, or at right angles to the
plane of the frame in the afore-mentioned posi
had by referring to the drawing accompanying
all prior arrangements of this general character,
the supports or brackets for the loading bars are
disposed so that when the case is opened and
the frame is in a lowered position for the iirst
Consequently, with either arrangement,
50 when there is a movement of the loaded frame
gage cases built in accordance therewith, may be
and forming a part of this specification in which
likereference characters designate the same or 50
from the original position toI the conñning posi
similar parts in the various views:
tion, through an arc of 180°, there is either an
increase or decrease in the distance between the
Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through
the open luggage case, showing the garment fold
ing frame positioned over the body section of the
case preparatory to loading and folding garments;
loading bars and the folding bar at the outer
Consequently, during the
55 end of the frame.
Fig. 2 is a similar transverse sectional view
through the open case, showing the garment sup
porting frame moved through an angle of approx
imately 45° and the resulting movement of a
vided. Each bar 20 is formed with reduced stub
ends 2| to engage and move in the slots I8 of
Fig. 3 is a similar transverse vertical sectional
View through the open case only with the gar
ment supporting frame in loaded position within
the brackets Il and adapted to coact with the
slots I8 in a manner tol prevent rotation of the
bars relative to the brackets Il while permitting UI
movement of the bars longitudinally of the slots.
The luggage case may furthermore be provided
with a garment protecting and confining ñap 22
made of fabric and one end of the ilap is per
manently attached to the interior of the inner
end of cover section 9. The opposite end of the
the cover section of the case;
, Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional View through
flap, is freely movable and adjustably carries a
catch 23 which is cooperable with a hook 24 per
hanger bar relative to its supporting brackets,
to co-mpensate for the relative frame and bar
position during the manipulation of the frame
and prior to reaching its ultimate position; '
manently secured within the swinging end of the
cover section. When the loaded frame is posi
tioned within the cover section said Iiap may
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary‘detail sec
tional view showing a mounting bracket for the be stretched tautly thereover and is so secured
garment bars and the relationship between the -by means of the elements 23 and 24, and thereby
the open luggage case taken on the line 4-4 of
Fig. 1; and
same and the garment folding frame. ,
serves to confine the frame and garments and
While the invention has been shown and de
scribed herein as being applied by way of illus
tration to a relatively small and light luggage
carrier for ladies’ garments, it should be under
to protect the latter. The body section 8 of
the case is provided with stop blocks 25 secured
to the inner portions of the side walls thereof,
as shown in Figs. l, 2, 3 and 4, and said blocks
serve to limit the forward and downward swing
ing motion of the frame i4.
When it is desired to load the improved lug
gage case with garments, the garment bars 20
are iirst removed and the individual garments
stood that some of the novel features are more
generally applicable to other types and classes
of luggage carriers, and it is not the intent to
limit the invention by such specific disclosure.
The improved luggage case illustrated in the
drawing comprises in general a body section 8
30 having a cover section 9 pivotally or hingedly
connected thereto by means of hinges It.
garment folding and confining mechanism, of
the improved construction, is mounted'entirely
within the cover section 9, but the garment fold
ing frame is adapted to be moved down to extend
over the body section 8 as in Fig. l, for loading
purposes. The body section 8 may be provided
with the usual carrying handle I I, and the cover
section 9 may be swung into engagement with
body section and locked thereto by means
Vlo the
of the usual latches I2. The cover section 9 is
held in substantially upright position when the
body section 8 is disposed horizontally and the
cover section 9 is in open position, by means of
foldably connected stays or retainers I3 of the
usual type. Y
The improved garment folding and supporting
fixture comprises generally a garment folding
Vframe I4 permanently and swingably supported
50 by means of pivots I5 upon the inner side walls
of the cover section 9 near the main hinge I0,
said frame having an integral transverse gar
ment folding bar or rod I6 connecting the outer
ends ofthe side members of the frame I4 and
55 remote from the pivots I5.
Mounted upon opposite inner wall portions of
the cover section 9, adjacent the hinged end
thereof, are a number of separated yieldable or
ñexible brackets I'I. Each bracket I'I has an
60 offset ear portion by which it is attached, and
the major portion of the bracket is free and
yieldable and extends angularly outwardly in a
direction substantially equi-distant between the
planes of the cover and body sections of the
65 case, when the case is fully opened, and this
direction of extent of the bracket is therefore
at substantially 45° from either limit of position
of the garment folding frame I4. 'I‘he extend
are folded over said bars which are then inserted
in the brackets I'I in stacked relationship and
at an angle of substantially forty-five degrees,
relative to either section of the case. The en
gagement of a bar is extreme-ly simple and it is
only necessary to insert a stub end 2l in. a bracket
slot IS, after which the other bracket is flexed
outwardly laterally, and the other stub end of
the bar is pushed into the slot of the other
bracket, being guided thereto by the grooved,
flared portion I9.
When one or more bars 20,
carrying garments, are thus disposed inthe
brackets Il, said bars will be disposed in the
position of Figs. l and 5, and the garments folded
over the carrier bars extend out over the bar
end I6 of the frame I4, as shown in broken lines
in Fig. 1. The frame I4 may now be swung 45
upwardly away from the blocks 25, whereupon
the rod I6 becomes effective to fold the garments
midway between the bars 2Q and the garment
ends. During the swinging movement of the
frame, as it approaches a forty-five degree posi
tion, as in Fig. 2, the distance between the carrier
bars and the frame bar increases, and ordinarily .
a pull would be exerted on the garments. This,
however, is overcome, by the mounting of the
carrier bars in the slots I8, so that during this
movement, the bars are free to move upwardly
slightly in the slots to compensate for the in
creased distance and to overcome any pull or
elongation which might occur. YThis action is
shown in Fig. 2, and with the continued ymove
ment of the frame toward the position of Fig. 3,
the carrier bars gradually drop down in the slots,
as the tension or pull thereon decreases.
` ing portion of each bracket is furthermore formed
connection with this action, it should be observed
that the pivot mountings l5 for the frame I4
are located adjacent the slots I8 and intermedi
ate the ends of the same. Therefore, said slots
form a locus of points equidistant from given
portions of the frame when it is in either limited
70 with an elongated slot I8, entrance to which is
position of movement. Obviously, in all positions
afforded by means of an outwardly flared and
of the frame, there is no pull or strainv imposed
grooved end portion I9 of the bracket. For re Y on the garments, and during movement of the
movable mounting in the brackets I'I and for frame, when a slight elongation or pull might
_ cooperation with the folding frame I4, one or
occur, the movement of the bars in the slots
A75 more similar garment carrier bars 2U are pro counteracts such tendency.
After the position of Fig. 3 is reached, the
protecting flap 22 is secured in position in the
manner previously described and the case sec
tions may be closed relative to each other, the
folded garments then being confined entirely in
the cover section.
at an angle substantially bisecting the angle trav
ersed by the frame in moving from one limit to
the other, and a garment engaging bar mounted
directly in said brackets and slidable lengthwise
along the slots in the arms thereof and directly
therein during swinging movements of the frame
when the bar and frame are cooperating in the
From the foregoing description it will be appar
ent that the invention provides simple, compact
and readily manipulable means for permitting
folding and confining o-f garments engaging both
one or more full length garments to be eiîec
2. A luggage case, comprising a pair of hingedly
connected sections, a garment supporting frame
tively packed within a container of small size.
Also, the folding and conñning mechanism is
ideally adapted for women’s garments of a fragile
character and imposes no strain, pull, or distor
15 tion thereon.
It should be understood that it is not desired
to limit the invention to the exact details of
construction herein shown and described, for
various modifications within the scope of the
claims may occur to persons skilled in the art.
What is claimed as the invention is:
1. A luggage case, comprising a pair of hingedly
connected sections, a garment sup-porting frame
pivotally mounted in one of said sections and
25 swingable from one position to another position
at substantially a right angle to the first posi
tion, brackets ñxedly carried b-y said one section
and located adjacent the pivot of the frame and
having ñxed slotted arms extending at all times
of the same.
pivotally mounted in one of said sections and
swingable from one position to another position
at substantially a right angle to the ñrst posi
tion, brackets ñxedly carried by said one section 15
and located adjacent the pivot of the frame and
each of said -brackets having a ñXed arm with a
slot therein, said slot extending at all times at
an angle of approximately forty-five degrees rel
ative to the extreme frame positions, and a gar 20
ment engaging bar mounted directly in said
brackets and slidable lengthwise along the slots
thereof and directly therein during swinging
movements of the frame when the bar and frame
are cooperating in the~ folding and confining of 25
garments engaging both of the same.
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