Патент USA US2108903код для вставки
Feb. v22, E938. l.1. RITTER, JRQET AL LUGGAGE CASEy Filed March 16, 1936 ïy.g_ _ _ ______ __'_____ l ZZ'IIIIIIÍIIM NÍÚ 2,w8»903 ` 2,108,903 Patented Feb. 22, 1938 UNETED STATES PATENT OFFHQE 2,108,903 LUGGAGE CASE Julius Ritter, Jr. and Syevirous Essmus, Racine, Wis., assignors to Hartmann Trunk Company, Racine, Wis., a corporation of Wisconsin Application March 16, 1936, Serial N0. 69,053 2 Claims. The present invention relates to improvements (Cl. 190-41) movement of the frame with the garments there in luggage cases of the type equipped with ad justable fixtures for folding and confining one on to the confining position, there must of neces sity be a distortion, stretching, or shifting of the or more garments within the carrier or con garments, which is objectionable with respect to fragile garments. 5 A specific object of the present invention is to 5 tainer, Many types of fixtures for folding and confin ing garments within an ordinary luggage case, comprising relatively movable body and cover sections, have heretofore been proposed. Most of these prior fixtures are so complicated in con struction and mode of operation, as to make their overcome the afore-mentioned difficulty by pro viding a luggage case of the character described wherein the individual garment bars are so dis posed relative to the frame that the distance 10 use by the genera-l public impractical. While some of the prior fixtures for thus loading and between the same and the bar at the outer end of the frame is precisely the same in either the raised or lowered position of the frame, with the confining men’s garments within a carrier case l5 are relatively satisfactory, many of the prior devices are unsatisfactory for the purpose of result that garments carried by the frame and bars are not shifted, distorted, or stretched dur ing the manipulation of the frame from one posi loading and retaining relatively delicate dresses and other Women’s garments which are suscep tible of being easily stretched, distorted and un 20 desirably wrinkled or crushed. These delicate tion to another. ~ A more specific object of the invention ‘is to provide a luggage case wherein a garment bar is carried by a bracket by being disposed in a slot garments, due to their length, must frequently extending along the locus of points equidistant be folded several times before they are sufli from the limits of movement of the frame. Another speciñc object of the invention is to provide, in a luggage case, simple bracket means ciently compacted to permit confinement thereof within a section of a luggage case; and the mech 25 anism for eñecting such folding and subsequent confinement should avoid sharp creasing, stretch ing and rubbing of the fabric. It is, therefore, a general object of the present invention to provide an improved garment sup 30 porting fixture which, besides being extremely simple, compact and durable in construction, can be readily manipulated to load and unload fragile and delicate ladies’ wearing apparel Without dan ger of injuring, disheveling, distorting or shifting 35 such garments. There are many types of garment confining luggage carriers on the market wherein a folding frame cooperates with loading bars removably mounted in a case section, in suitable brackets 40 or supports, at the inner end of the frame. In for removably and shiftably carrying the ends of garment bars, and arranged so that said gar ment bars may be easily released and engaged by flexing one of the bracket members. Another object of the invention is to provide a luggage case having easily manipulated means for foldably confining a number of full length garments within one section of the case, while maintaining the other section of the case free for the reception of other luggage. Still another object of the invention is to pro vide a luggage case and garment supporting means associated therewith, which are of light weight, but rigid and durable in construction, and which permits the manufacture of the case at a minimum cost. 45 loading and folding step, said brackets hold the loading bars in a stacked relationship either in These and other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description. A clear conception of an embodiment of the features constituting the present invention and of the mode of constructing and operating lug the plane of the frame, or at right angles to the plane of the frame in the afore-mentioned posi had by referring to the drawing accompanying all prior arrangements of this general character, the supports or brackets for the loading bars are disposed so that when the case is opened and the frame is in a lowered position for the iirst tion. Consequently, with either arrangement, 50 when there is a movement of the loaded frame gage cases built in accordance therewith, may be and forming a part of this specification in which likereference characters designate the same or 50 from the original position toI the conñning posi similar parts in the various views: tion, through an arc of 180°, there is either an increase or decrease in the distance between the Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view through the open luggage case, showing the garment fold ing frame positioned over the body section of the case preparatory to loading and folding garments; loading bars and the folding bar at the outer Consequently, during the 55 end of the frame. 40 2 2,108,903 Fig. 2 is a similar transverse sectional view through the open case, showing the garment sup porting frame moved through an angle of approx imately 45° and the resulting movement of a vided. Each bar 20 is formed with reduced stub ends 2| to engage and move in the slots I8 of Fig. 3 is a similar transverse vertical sectional View through the open case only with the gar ment supporting frame in loaded position within the brackets Il and adapted to coact with the slots I8 in a manner tol prevent rotation of the bars relative to the brackets Il while permitting UI movement of the bars longitudinally of the slots. The luggage case may furthermore be provided with a garment protecting and confining ñap 22 made of fabric and one end of the ilap is per manently attached to the interior of the inner end of cover section 9. The opposite end of the the cover section of the case; , Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional View through flap, is freely movable and adjustably carries a catch 23 which is cooperable with a hook 24 per hanger bar relative to its supporting brackets, to co-mpensate for the relative frame and bar position during the manipulation of the frame and prior to reaching its ultimate position; ' manently secured within the swinging end of the cover section. When the loaded frame is posi tioned within the cover section said Iiap may Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary‘detail sec tional view showing a mounting bracket for the be stretched tautly thereover and is so secured garment bars and the relationship between the -by means of the elements 23 and 24, and thereby the open luggage case taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1; and 20 . . same and the garment folding frame. , serves to confine the frame and garments and While the invention has been shown and de scribed herein as being applied by way of illus tration to a relatively small and light luggage carrier for ladies’ garments, it should be under to protect the latter. The body section 8 of the case is provided with stop blocks 25 secured to the inner portions of the side walls thereof, as shown in Figs. l, 2, 3 and 4, and said blocks serve to limit the forward and downward swing 25 ing motion of the frame i4. When it is desired to load the improved lug gage case with garments, the garment bars 20 are iirst removed and the individual garments stood that some of the novel features are more generally applicable to other types and classes of luggage carriers, and it is not the intent to limit the invention by such specific disclosure. The improved luggage case illustrated in the drawing comprises in general a body section 8 30 having a cover section 9 pivotally or hingedly connected thereto by means of hinges It. The garment folding and confining mechanism, of the improved construction, is mounted'entirely within the cover section 9, but the garment fold ing frame is adapted to be moved down to extend over the body section 8 as in Fig. l, for loading purposes. The body section 8 may be provided with the usual carrying handle I I, and the cover section 9 may be swung into engagement with body section and locked thereto by means Vlo the of the usual latches I2. The cover section 9 is held in substantially upright position when the body section 8 is disposed horizontally and the cover section 9 is in open position, by means of foldably connected stays or retainers I3 of the usual type. Y The improved garment folding and supporting fixture comprises generally a garment folding Vframe I4 permanently and swingably supported 50 by means of pivots I5 upon the inner side walls of the cover section 9 near the main hinge I0, said frame having an integral transverse gar ment folding bar or rod I6 connecting the outer ends ofthe side members of the frame I4 and 55 remote from the pivots I5. Mounted upon opposite inner wall portions of the cover section 9, adjacent the hinged end thereof, are a number of separated yieldable or ñexible brackets I'I. Each bracket I'I has an 60 offset ear portion by which it is attached, and the major portion of the bracket is free and yieldable and extends angularly outwardly in a direction substantially equi-distant between the planes of the cover and body sections of the 65 case, when the case is fully opened, and this direction of extent of the bracket is therefore at substantially 45° from either limit of position of the garment folding frame I4. 'I‘he extend are folded over said bars which are then inserted in the brackets I'I in stacked relationship and at an angle of substantially forty-five degrees, relative to either section of the case. The en gagement of a bar is extreme-ly simple and it is only necessary to insert a stub end 2l in. a bracket slot IS, after which the other bracket is flexed outwardly laterally, and the other stub end of the bar is pushed into the slot of the other bracket, being guided thereto by the grooved, flared portion I9. When one or more bars 20, carrying garments, are thus disposed inthe brackets Il, said bars will be disposed in the position of Figs. l and 5, and the garments folded over the carrier bars extend out over the bar end I6 of the frame I4, as shown in broken lines in Fig. 1. The frame I4 may now be swung 45 upwardly away from the blocks 25, whereupon the rod I6 becomes effective to fold the garments midway between the bars 2Q and the garment ends. During the swinging movement of the frame, as it approaches a forty-five degree posi tion, as in Fig. 2, the distance between the carrier bars and the frame bar increases, and ordinarily . a pull would be exerted on the garments. This, however, is overcome, by the mounting of the carrier bars in the slots I8, so that during this movement, the bars are free to move upwardly slightly in the slots to compensate for the in creased distance and to overcome any pull or elongation which might occur. YThis action is shown in Fig. 2, and with the continued ymove ment of the frame toward the position of Fig. 3, the carrier bars gradually drop down in the slots, as the tension or pull thereon decreases. ci) In ` ing portion of each bracket is furthermore formed connection with this action, it should be observed that the pivot mountings l5 for the frame I4 are located adjacent the slots I8 and intermedi ate the ends of the same. Therefore, said slots form a locus of points equidistant from given portions of the frame when it is in either limited 70 with an elongated slot I8, entrance to which is position of movement. Obviously, in all positions afforded by means of an outwardly flared and of the frame, there is no pull or strainv imposed 76 grooved end portion I9 of the bracket. For re Y on the garments, and during movement of the movable mounting in the brackets I'I and for frame, when a slight elongation or pull might _ cooperation with the folding frame I4, one or occur, the movement of the bars in the slots 75 A75 more similar garment carrier bars 2U are pro counteracts such tendency. 2,108,903 After the position of Fig. 3 is reached, the protecting flap 22 is secured in position in the manner previously described and the case sec tions may be closed relative to each other, the folded garments then being confined entirely in the cover section. 3 at an angle substantially bisecting the angle trav ersed by the frame in moving from one limit to the other, and a garment engaging bar mounted directly in said brackets and slidable lengthwise along the slots in the arms thereof and directly therein during swinging movements of the frame when the bar and frame are cooperating in the From the foregoing description it will be appar ent that the invention provides simple, compact and readily manipulable means for permitting folding and confining o-f garments engaging both one or more full length garments to be eiîec 2. A luggage case, comprising a pair of hingedly connected sections, a garment supporting frame tively packed within a container of small size. Also, the folding and conñning mechanism is ideally adapted for women’s garments of a fragile character and imposes no strain, pull, or distor 15 tion thereon. It should be understood that it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact details of construction herein shown and described, for various modifications within the scope of the claims may occur to persons skilled in the art. What is claimed as the invention is: 1. A luggage case, comprising a pair of hingedly connected sections, a garment sup-porting frame pivotally mounted in one of said sections and 25 swingable from one position to another position at substantially a right angle to the first posi tion, brackets ñxedly carried b-y said one section and located adjacent the pivot of the frame and having ñxed slotted arms extending at all times of the same. pivotally mounted in one of said sections and swingable from one position to another position at substantially a right angle to the ñrst posi tion, brackets ñxedly carried by said one section 15 and located adjacent the pivot of the frame and each of said -brackets having a ñXed arm with a slot therein, said slot extending at all times at an angle of approximately forty-five degrees rel ative to the extreme frame positions, and a gar 20 ment engaging bar mounted directly in said brackets and slidable lengthwise along the slots thereof and directly therein during swinging movements of the frame when the bar and frame are cooperating in the~ folding and confining of 25 garments engaging both of the same. JULIUS RITTER, JR. SYEVIROUS ESSMUS.