Патент USA US2109102код для вставки
22,1938. ' G_ w_ COCKS 2,109,102 METHOD OF PREPARING AND SERVING ICE CREAM Filed Oct. 1, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet l Feb. 22, 1938. G, w_ COCKS > ' 2,109,102 2,109,102 Patented Feb. 22,1938 UNITED STATESPA'l‘ENT OFFICE George W. Cocks, Upper Montclair, N. J., assignor to Marathon Paper Mills Company, Rothschild, Wis, a corporation of Wisconsin Application October 1, 1936, Serial No. 103,562 9 Claims, (01. 62—1'l4) , tainers of metal or of heavy paper, I employ dis- ' This invention relates to an improved method of preparing frozen comestibles, such as ice ' tortable containers of predetermined contour’ cream, for dispensing from distortable and dis- , such as substantially rectangular containers of posable containers constructed of paper or the 5 like and having a predetermined contour. The invention relates more speci?cally to an im rather thin cardboard or hard surfaced paper, the containers being preferably of such dimen sions as to form a cube;when two of the con proved method for the preparation and‘handling ‘ tainers are placed side by side. The container is provided with a. closure ?ap of ice cream in bulk quantities as distinguished ' which is integrally formed with one of the short from individual servings. In recent years, metal containers for bulk ice edges of the opening side, which ?ap desirably 10 cream have to a,large extent been replaced by becomes one of the side walls after the container containers made of paper, ?ber or other inexpen is ?lled and the contents hardened. A plurality sive, disposable materials. The cost of. the paper of these containers are placed in a' wire or mesh ' container is only a fraction of the cost of the basket side by side, the basket preferably having metal container and it is not necessary to return transverse partitions in order that the four side ll 15 the same when the contents are exhausted. The walls of each container are provided with su?i disposable container is also more sanitary since it is used only once and there is no dangenre sulting from improper cleaning. . cient support to prevent bulging when the par- ' tially frozen mixture‘ is placed therein. To accomplish this, it is necessary that the indi There are, however, two objections to the paper ‘ vidual wires of the mesh, or the horizontal and 20 container. .‘I'he side walls, being less strong than vertical bars, as the case may be, be su?iciently a in the metal container, are frequently punctured close together to engage at closely spaced points by the scoop or other dispensing device. The a considerable portion of the side walls oi the second objection'is that, due to the lack of any container while at the same time being sum ciently open to permit’ free access of the air in 26 25. adequate side wall ‘support, the paper tends to the refrigerating chamber to all parts thereof. crinkle, particularly after a portion'of the con The partially frozen ice cream mixture is then‘ tents have been removed, and the cream is there by caused to adhere too closely to such‘ portions ‘ poured into the container and the closure ?aps 20 with a resulting loss in the product. .. ' It is one of the objects of the present invention \ to provide an improved method of packaging ice 1 cream for bulk service wherein the container may be constructed from paper orother suitable sealed. The baskets are now moved into the hardening chamber and are stacked one upon the other. In the usual stacking of paper ice cream containers, there is a very de?nite crush limit ~ of the containers and thestorage capacity of the In thin ?brous material, and wherein the sidewalls . hardening room necessarily reduced thereby. 35 of the containervwill have an approved degree of side wall support during the entire time that service is being made therefrom and wherein a verysubstantial saving in cabinet space is also effected. In'other words, a dispensing‘ cabinet 40 of givensize will afford room for the storing of a far- larger quantity ‘of the ice cream and will have‘ means forstoring and readily dispensing'a much'greater variety. of ?avors as well. ‘ In addition to the saving in‘ cost of manufacl my method, however, there ‘is no crush-limit and the usual hardening room,v the. truck which trans ports the confection, and the "dispensing cabinet, may accommodate a considerably greater ‘ca pacity than with existing ‘practices. >. ‘ I may [employ a dispensing cabinet of} the type disclosed in» my-ico-pending' application Serial No. -103,5l3Ufor Storage cabinetsij‘led ofeven ' date'herewith. I This cabinet includes‘ a plurality of ' substantially square metal containers which are provided with upper or lower-rollers and 45 45 ture of the containers and inproviding means in ‘ which are moved .on trackways. aboutjthe cabinet the dispensing cabinet for more e?ective storage as desired'in order ‘to make the contents more accessible. I place two .ofthe rectangular con‘ ,tainers of ice cream within each metal container product. - It is ‘an. object of the invention to pro and then force a partition plate downwardly to 50 50 vvide means to enable the refrigerated air in the, freezing chamber t9 have ready access to the separate the two containers ,and provide vertical relatively thin containers“ of the ice cream and. side wall support for the meeting faces. Thus each individual container is securely supported thereby speed up the freezing process. My improved method may be brie?y described all during the dispensing"- operation. Thus two ice_cream containers ?t snugly with; 55 as follows: Instead of employing cylindrical con-i and greater accessibility, the present method greatly reduces the.cost .of manufacture of. the' 2 aloaloa in each metal container and all four side walls of each paper container are given ?rm support. In. storage cabinets of the type which are particu larly adapted for use in connection with the present invention, there may be provided the movable metal containers which permit front service with access to the lower storage area of the cabinet or the cabinet may be of a single tier construction with no auxiliary storage space therebeneath. In other instances two tiers may be provided and each‘upper container may be stationary. - . _ closure ?ap M having ?nger engaging tabs l5 and side wall tabs it, which are suitably secured to the square side walls B and D. > The basket or container for supporting the in dividual "bulk ice cream containers is illustrated in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, and is preferably made from mesh material comprising horizontal bars H and 10 vertical bars it, The basket is substantially rec tangular in shape and includes side walls 29, end walls 29 and a bottom wall 22. The basket fur ther is provided with a plurality of intermediate transverse walls M, and when thecontainers des 15 ignated as 25 are positioned within the basket welded wire construction of the basket prevents bulging of the container when placed in the hardening room and, if desired, the plurality of compartments formed by these transverse parti utor in such baskets. In this fashion the con tainers are protected from abrasion and from dirt. Another important object of the invention is 25 the providing of a container of the character de scribed wherein marking of flavors on the indi vidual containers will be greatly facilitated and. wherein stock records ‘and inventory may like wise be kept with greater ease. ' Yet another object of the invention is in the provision of an improved basket or container for supporting the individual ice-cream containers while undergoing the hardening process, the bas kets being so constructed to provide su?icient 35 support for the side and bottom walls of the container to prevent bulging and still allow the air in the hardening chamber to have access to all parts of such containers. 45 rli‘he initial cover section E is provided with a In carrying out the foregoing method there is considerably less labor employed in the contain er ?lling operation, in stacking in the hardening room and in the other handling operations. The 20 containersmay be delivered to the retail distrib 40 base thereof, which portion is provided with over lapping portions it on each free edge thereof. ' Inthe drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the preferred form of container, the view showing the initial closure ?ap in an open position; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the blank employed in constructing this container; ' ' Fig. 3' is a perspective view of part of the ap paratus employed in carrying out the present method; . each one ?ts relatively snugly intov one of the _ tions. In order to permit the extension portion ill of the cover E to be adhesively secured to the 20 upper marginal edge of the end wall A, the in~= dividual containers are made slightly deeper than the basket in order to permit the contain ers to extend. slightly above the basket as shown in Fig. 3. 25 , Inasmuch as the baskets are to be placed in the hardening room, one upon the other, the fol lowing means may be provided for spacing the individual baskets, thereby preventing crushing of the individual containers which extend above 30 the upper edges thereof. , A vertical rod 28 is welded or otherwise secured to each corner sec tion of the basket, the rod having a socket or female member > 27 secured atv the lower end thereof. The partially frozen ice cream mixture 35 is contained within the tank 29 which is pro vided with an outlet spout 30 having shut-oil 1 means 3i. , , . The process may now be brie?y described as follows: A plurality of the individual containers are placed within the ‘basket, as aforesaid, each of the individual containers being of such di- ' mensions as to snugly ?t within the individual chambers in order to prevent bulging. ‘The con tainers are now substantially ?lled with the par; 45 tially frozen mixture from the tank 29 and- the _ cover sections sealed. The baskets are now placed one upon the other in the hardening~ room Fig. 4 is an'end elevation of the preferred form and the confection left. to harden. The indi of basket or container for supporting the indl-a vidual containers may then be removed from the 50 vidual bulk ice cream containers; . basket or they may be shipped to the retail dis Fig. 5 is a broken horizontal section taken on tributor without being removed therefrom, there line 5-5 of Fig. 4,; ' _v - ' - Fig. 6 is a perspective ‘view of the filled con 55 tainer in closed position; and , ~ Fig. '7 is a perspective, view showing two of the individual containers mounted within a metal by effecting a saving in handling. I The preferred dispensing cabinet, as disclosed and described in my'aforesaid application, con tains a pluralityvof substantially square meta-l containers 33 of such dimensions as to ,receive container'which is adapted to be positioned with two of the individual rectangular containers. in the dispensing cabinet; and‘.v After the containers are placed. therein, side wall.v support for the meeting faces of the two indi ' ' Fig. 8 is an end elevation of one of the metal partitions for the cabinet containers, the view vidual containers is a?orded by means of a par tltion 34, having handle means 35 to permit easy formed therein. ' ' removal. As shown in Fig. 8, the partitions vare The blank which is employed in forming thev formed with a plurality of downwardly and out-' showing the container side wall engaging means 65 container of predetermined contour is desirably made from relatively thin paper, cardboard or other ?brous material and may include for ex ample‘two' square portions B and D,'and four rectangular portions A, C, E and F. The portion 70 A is formed‘with an integrally formed closure ?ap 10 having ?nger engaging tabs II. The clo sure ?ap is provided with suitable adhesive (not shown) whereas the tabs are preferably free from adhesive. When the container is ?rst ?lled, 75 the rectangular portion F desirably forms the wardly extending punched out portions 31 which 65 grip the paper containers and prevent upward movement thereof. The’ metal containers may be provided with pins or other suitable means for preventing the withdrawal of the partitions 70 until desired. The partition in Fig. 8 is illus trated as being provided with pins 38 at its lower end which engage holes in the lower surface of the container and a looped portion 39 at its upper end to receive and or the like. 75 2,109,102 When the individual containers are to be in serted within the metal containers, the cover sections a are ?rst stripped o?. It will be appre ciated, of course, that each individual container may be of such size as to ?t snugly within the tainer while so supported to freezing conditions so as to cause said congealable material to as sume the predetermined contour of said con metal container or that four or any other num ber of appropriate size containers may be placed therein, in which latter case suitable double par titions may be provided. ' It .is to be understood that the speci?c con tainer without substantially distorting same. v5. The method of preparing a bulk ice cream package in a distortable container of predeter mined contour adapted to be snugly supported and retained in a dispensing receptacle of the same contour which comprisescon?ning the bot tom; and side walls of said container with a sub 10' structions herein disclosed are merely illustrative stantially rigid support conforming to the pre of the novel features of the invention and that it is intended to include in the following claims snugly embrace same, substantially ?lling said numerous modi?cations and changes which may 15 be made in the contour of the containers in which ice cream or other congealable material is frozen therein as well as in the equipment used for carrying out the process. It is also to be understood‘ that the method is applicable to packaging ice cream and other congealable ma terials and comestibles which expand upon freez determined contour of said container so as to container with a partially frozen ice cream mix ture, closing said container, and subjecting said 15 container while so supported to freezing condi tions so as to cause said ice ‘cream to assume the predetermined contour of said container without substantially distorting same so as to be readily insertable while the ice cream is still frozen in a 20 dispensing receptacle of the same contour for ing or which may distort the container when in supporting the walls of container during dispens liquid condition during the ?lling operation. ing of the ice cream. What I claim is: l. The method of forming a bulk package of frozen material to have a predetermined con tour in a distortable container which comprises providing a receptacle constructed of distortable material so as to have a predetermined contour, 30 con?ning the side walls of said receptacle so as to ‘retain said predetermined contour, substan tially ?lling said receptacle with a material which is expansible upon freezing, and subjecting said container to freezing conditions so as to harden 535 said material without substantially bulging or distorting said container ‘from its predetermined contour. 2. The method of forming a bulk package of frozen material so as to have a predetermined 40 contour in a distortable container which com prises providing a receptacle constructed of dis tortable material so as to have a predetermined contour, con?ning the side walls of said recepta cle by a rigid foraminous support conforming to 45 the predetermined contour of said container and permitting access of air to said walls, substan tially ?lling said receptacle with a material which is expansible upon freezing, subjecting said re ceptacle to freezing conditions and circulating 50 cold air about said receptacle so as to solidify the material and cause it to assume the predeter mined contour of said'container without sub stantially distorting same. 3. The method of forming a bulk package of ice cream in a. paper container of predetermined contour which comprises placing said'container within a support having rigid bottom and side walls conforming to the predetermined contour of said receptacle so as to closely embrace same, 60 substantially ?lling said container with a par tially frozen ice cream mixture and subjecting the container while so supported tofreezing con ditions to congeal said ice cream mixture so as to cause same to assume the predetermined con tour ‘of said container without substantially dis torting same. 4. The method of forming a bulk package of frozen material in a distortable container of pre determined contour which comprises placing said container within a support having rigid con?n- , ing bottom and side walls conforming to the predetermined contour of said receptacle so as to closely embrace same, substantially ?lling said container with a congealable material which is expansible upon freezing and subjecting the con - 6. The method of preparing bulk ice cream packages for dispensing from containers con 25 structed of distortable material and having a predetermined contour adapted to be snugly sup ported in a dispensing receptacle of the same , contour which comprises individually supporting a plurality of said containers in a foraminous 30 support having rigid bottom and side walls en gaging the bottom and side walls of said contain ers and conforming to the contour thereof, sub stantially ?lling the individual containers with partially frozen ice cream mixture, closing'the in 35 dividual containers, subjecting said containers while so supported to freezing conditions to con ' geal said ice cream mixture so as to cause same to assume the predetermined contour of said con- _ tainers without substantially distorting same out 40 of said contour, removing the individual pack ages of the frozen mixture from said foraminous support, and inserting the containers while the mixture is still frozen in snugly ?tting individual dispensing receptacles of the same contour, so as 45 to retain same and support the walls of said con tainers during dispensing of said ice cream. 7. The method of preparing bulk ice cream for dispensing from containers constructed of dis tortable material and having a predetermined 50 contour adapted for being'snugly supported in a dispensing receptacle of the same contour which comprises providing a plurality of said contain ers, con?ning the bottom and side walls of said containers so as to retain same in said prede termined contour, substantially ?lling said re ceptacles with a partially frozen ice cream mix ture, subjecting said receptacles to freezing con ditions while so con?ned to solidify the ice cream , mixture and cause same to assume the predeter 60 mined contour of said containers without sub stantially distorting same out of said contour, and placing said containers while the ice cream mixture is still frozen in a dispensing receptacle of conforming contour so as to rigidly confine’ 65 and support the walls of said containers during the dispensing of said ice cream from said con tainer. I ' v 8. The method or preparing bulk ice cream for dispensing from containers constructed from dis 70 tortable material of predetermined contour which comprises providing a receptacle constructed of distortable material so as to have a suitable pre determined contour, substantially ?lling said re ceptacle with a partially frozen ice cream mix 75 4 2,109,102 ture, subjecting the receptacle to freezing condi tions while con?ning the side walls of said re ceptacle to prevent substantial distortion of same from its predetermined contour, until said ice cream mixture is solidi?ed, and placing said con ' tainer while the ice cream mixture is still frozen in a dispensing receptacle of conforming contour, in order to rigidly support the walls of said con tainer and retain same during dispensing of said 10 ice cream from said container. 9. The method of preparing bulk ice cream for dispensing from containers of paper and having a predetermined contour which vcomprises the steps of freezing ice cream in said containers While supporting the bottom and side walls there of to prevent distortion. of said- contour; placing at least two of suchindividuai containers while the ice cream is still in frozen condition in a receptacle having walls for rigidly supporting the outer walls'oi‘ said containers, and placing a rigid separator plate between the meeting faces of ad joining containers in order to afford ?rm side wall support for said adjoining side walls to pre 10 vent loulging and rupture of the container walls during dispensing. I GEORGE W. COCKS.