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Патент USA US2109102

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22,1938.
'
G_ w_ COCKS
2,109,102
METHOD OF PREPARING AND SERVING ICE CREAM
Filed Oct. 1, 1936
2 Sheets-Sheet l
Feb. 22, 1938.
G, w_ COCKS
>
'
2,109,102
2,109,102
Patented Feb. 22,1938
UNITED STATESPA'l‘ENT OFFICE
George W. Cocks, Upper Montclair, N. J., assignor
to Marathon Paper Mills Company, Rothschild,
Wis, a corporation of Wisconsin
Application October 1, 1936, Serial No. 103,562 9 Claims, (01. 62—1'l4)
,
tainers
of
metal
or
of
heavy
paper,
I employ dis- '
This invention relates to an improved method
of preparing frozen comestibles, such as ice ' tortable containers of predetermined contour’
cream, for dispensing from distortable and dis- , such as substantially rectangular containers of
posable containers constructed of paper or the
5 like and having a predetermined contour. The
invention relates more speci?cally to an im
rather thin cardboard or hard surfaced paper,
the containers being preferably of such dimen
sions as to form a cube;when two of the con
proved method for the preparation and‘handling ‘ tainers are placed side by side.
The container is provided with a. closure ?ap
of ice cream in bulk quantities as distinguished '
which is integrally formed with one of the short
from individual servings.
In recent years, metal containers for bulk ice edges of the opening side, which ?ap desirably
10
cream have to a,large extent been replaced by becomes one of the side walls after the container
containers made of paper, ?ber or other inexpen is ?lled and the contents hardened. A plurality
sive, disposable materials. The cost of. the paper of these containers are placed in a' wire or mesh '
container is only a fraction of the cost of the basket side by side, the basket preferably having
metal
container and it is not necessary to return transverse partitions in order that the four side ll
15
the same when the contents are exhausted. The walls of each container are provided with su?i
disposable container is also more sanitary since
it is used only once and there is no dangenre
sulting from improper cleaning.
.
cient support to prevent bulging when the par- '
tially frozen mixture‘ is placed therein. To
accomplish this, it is necessary that the indi
There are, however, two objections to the paper ‘ vidual wires of the mesh, or the horizontal and 20
container. .‘I'he side walls, being less strong than vertical bars, as the case may be, be su?iciently
a in the metal container, are frequently punctured close together to engage at closely spaced points
by the scoop or other dispensing device. The a considerable portion of the side walls oi the
second objection'is that, due to the lack of any container while at the same time being sum
ciently open to permit’ free access of the air in 26
25. adequate side wall ‘support, the paper tends to
the refrigerating chamber to all parts thereof.
crinkle, particularly after a portion'of the con
The partially frozen ice cream mixture is then‘
tents have been removed, and the cream is there
by caused to adhere too closely to such‘ portions ‘ poured into the container and the closure ?aps
20
with a resulting loss in the product.
.. '
It is one of the objects of the present invention
\ to provide an improved method of packaging ice
1 cream for bulk service wherein the container
may be constructed from paper orother suitable
sealed. The baskets are now moved into the
hardening chamber and are stacked one upon the
other. In the usual stacking of paper ice cream
containers, there is a very de?nite crush limit ~
of the containers and thestorage capacity of the
In
thin ?brous material, and wherein the sidewalls . hardening room necessarily reduced thereby.
35 of the containervwill have an approved degree
of side wall support during the entire time that
service is being made therefrom and wherein a
verysubstantial saving in cabinet space is also
effected. In'other words, a dispensing‘ cabinet
40 of givensize will afford room for the storing of a
far- larger quantity ‘of the ice cream and will
have‘ means forstoring and readily dispensing'a
much'greater variety. of ?avors as well.
‘ In addition to the saving in‘ cost of manufacl
my method, however, there ‘is no crush-limit and
the usual hardening room,v the. truck which trans
ports the confection, and the "dispensing cabinet,
may accommodate a considerably greater ‘ca
pacity than with existing ‘practices. >.
‘
I may [employ a dispensing cabinet of} the type
disclosed in» my-ico-pending' application Serial
No. -103,5l3Ufor Storage cabinetsij‘led ofeven '
date'herewith. I This cabinet includes‘ a plurality
of ' substantially square metal containers which
are provided with upper or lower-rollers and 45
45 ture of the containers and inproviding means in ‘ which are moved .on trackways. aboutjthe cabinet
the dispensing cabinet for more e?ective storage
as desired'in order ‘to make the contents more
accessible. I place two .ofthe rectangular con‘
,tainers
of ice cream within each metal container
product. - It is ‘an. object of the invention to pro
and then force a partition plate downwardly to 50
50 vvide means to enable the refrigerated air in the,
freezing chamber t9 have ready access to the separate the two containers ,and provide vertical
relatively thin containers“ of the ice cream and. side wall support for the meeting faces. Thus
each individual container is securely supported
thereby speed up the freezing process.
My improved method may be brie?y described all during the dispensing"- operation.
Thus two ice_cream containers ?t snugly with;
55 as follows: Instead of employing cylindrical con-i
and greater accessibility, the present method
greatly reduces the.cost .of manufacture of. the'
2
aloaloa
in each metal container and all four side walls of
each paper container are given ?rm support. In.
storage cabinets of the type which are particu
larly adapted for use in connection with the
present invention, there may be provided the
movable metal containers which permit front
service with access to the lower storage area of
the cabinet or the cabinet may be of a single tier
construction with no auxiliary storage space
therebeneath. In other instances two tiers may
be provided and each‘upper container may be
stationary.
-
.
_
closure ?ap M having ?nger engaging tabs l5
and side wall tabs it, which are suitably secured
to the square side walls B and D.
>
The basket or container for supporting the in
dividual "bulk ice cream containers is illustrated
in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, and is preferably made from
mesh material comprising horizontal bars H and 10
vertical bars it, The basket is substantially rec
tangular in shape and includes side walls 29, end
walls 29 and a bottom wall 22. The basket fur
ther is provided with a plurality of intermediate
transverse walls M, and when thecontainers des 15
ignated as 25 are positioned within the basket
welded wire construction of the basket prevents
bulging of the container when placed in the
hardening room and, if desired, the plurality of
compartments formed by these transverse parti
utor in such baskets. In this fashion the con
tainers are protected from abrasion and from
dirt.
Another important object of the invention is
25 the providing of a container of the character de
scribed wherein marking of flavors on the indi
vidual containers will be greatly facilitated and.
wherein stock records ‘and inventory may like
wise be kept with greater ease.
'
Yet another object of the invention is in the
provision of an improved basket or container for
supporting the individual ice-cream containers
while undergoing the hardening process, the bas
kets being so constructed to provide su?icient
35 support for the side and bottom walls of the
container to prevent bulging and still allow the
air in the hardening chamber to have access to
all parts of such containers.
45
rli‘he initial cover section E is provided with a
In carrying out the foregoing method there is
considerably less labor employed in the contain
er ?lling operation, in stacking in the hardening
room and in the other handling operations. The
20 containersmay be delivered to the retail distrib
40
base thereof, which portion is provided with over
lapping portions it on each free edge thereof.
' Inthe drawings,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the preferred
form of container, the view showing the initial
closure ?ap in an open position;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the blank employed in
constructing this container;
'
'
Fig. 3' is a perspective view of part of the ap
paratus employed in carrying out the present
method;
.
each one ?ts relatively snugly intov one of the
_ tions.
In order to permit the extension portion
ill of the cover E to be adhesively secured to the 20
upper marginal edge of the end wall A, the in~=
dividual containers are made slightly deeper
than the basket in order to permit the contain
ers to extend. slightly above the basket as shown
in Fig. 3.
25
,
Inasmuch as the baskets are to be placed in
the hardening room, one upon the other, the fol
lowing means may be provided for spacing the
individual baskets, thereby preventing crushing
of the individual containers which extend above 30
the upper edges thereof. , A vertical rod 28 is
welded or otherwise secured to each corner sec
tion of the basket, the rod having a socket or
female member > 27 secured atv the lower end
thereof. The partially frozen ice cream mixture 35
is contained within the tank 29 which is pro
vided with an outlet spout 30 having shut-oil 1
means
3i.
,
,
.
The process may now be brie?y described as
follows: A plurality of the individual containers
are placed within the ‘basket, as aforesaid, each
of the individual containers being of such di- '
mensions as to snugly ?t within the individual
chambers in order to prevent bulging. ‘The con
tainers are now substantially ?lled with the par; 45
tially frozen mixture from the tank 29 and- the _
cover sections sealed. The baskets are now
placed one upon the other in the hardening~ room
Fig. 4 is an'end elevation of the preferred form and the confection left. to harden. The indi
of basket or container for supporting the indl-a vidual containers may then be removed from the 50
vidual bulk ice cream containers;
.
basket or they may be shipped to the retail dis
Fig. 5 is a broken horizontal section taken on tributor without being removed therefrom, there
line 5-5 of Fig. 4,;
'
_v
-
'
-
Fig. 6 is a perspective ‘view of the filled con
55 tainer in closed position; and
,
~
Fig. '7 is a perspective, view showing two of
the individual containers mounted within a metal
by effecting a saving in handling.
I
The preferred dispensing cabinet, as disclosed
and described in my'aforesaid application, con
tains a pluralityvof substantially square meta-l
containers 33 of such dimensions as to ,receive
container'which is adapted to be positioned with
two of the individual rectangular containers.
in the dispensing cabinet; and‘.v
After the containers are placed. therein, side wall.v
support for the meeting faces of the two indi
' '
Fig. 8 is an end elevation of one of the metal
partitions for the cabinet containers, the view
vidual containers is a?orded by means of a par
tltion 34, having handle means 35 to permit easy
formed therein.
'
'
removal. As shown in Fig. 8, the partitions vare
The blank which is employed in forming thev formed with a plurality of downwardly and out-'
showing the container side wall engaging means
65
container of predetermined contour is desirably
made from relatively thin paper, cardboard or
other ?brous material and may include for ex
ample‘two' square portions B and D,'and four
rectangular portions A, C, E and F. The portion
70 A is formed‘with an integrally formed closure
?ap 10 having ?nger engaging tabs II. The clo
sure ?ap is provided with suitable adhesive (not
shown) whereas the tabs are preferably free
from adhesive. When the container is ?rst ?lled,
75 the rectangular portion F desirably forms the
wardly extending punched out portions 31 which 65
grip the paper containers and prevent upward
movement thereof. The’ metal containers may
be provided with pins or other suitable means
for preventing the withdrawal of the partitions 70
until desired. The partition in Fig. 8 is illus
trated as being provided with pins 38 at its lower
end which engage holes in the lower surface of
the container and a looped portion 39 at its
upper end to receive and or the like.
75
2,109,102
When the individual containers are to be in
serted within the metal containers, the cover
sections a are ?rst stripped o?. It will be appre
ciated, of course, that each individual container
may be of such size as to ?t snugly within the
tainer while so supported to freezing conditions
so as to cause said congealable material to as
sume the predetermined contour of said con
metal container or that four or any other num
ber of appropriate size containers may be placed
therein, in which latter case suitable double par
titions may be provided. '
It .is to be understood that the speci?c con
tainer without substantially distorting same.
v5. The method of preparing a bulk ice cream
package in a distortable container of predeter
mined contour adapted to be snugly supported
and retained in a dispensing receptacle of the
same contour which comprisescon?ning the bot
tom; and side walls of said container with a sub 10'
structions herein disclosed are merely illustrative
stantially rigid support conforming to the pre
of the novel features of the invention and that
it is intended to include in the following claims
snugly embrace same, substantially ?lling said
numerous modi?cations and changes which may
15 be made in the contour of the containers in
which ice cream or other congealable material is
frozen therein as well as in the equipment used
for carrying out the process. It is also to be
understood‘ that the method is applicable to
packaging ice cream and other congealable ma
terials and comestibles which expand upon freez
determined contour of said container so as to
container with a partially frozen ice cream mix
ture, closing said container, and subjecting said 15
container while so supported to freezing condi
tions so as to cause said ice ‘cream to assume the
predetermined contour of said container without
substantially distorting same so as to be readily
insertable while the ice cream is still frozen in a 20
dispensing receptacle of the same contour for
ing or which may distort the container when in
supporting the walls of container during dispens
liquid condition during the ?lling operation.
ing of the ice cream.
What I claim is:
l. The method of forming a bulk package of
frozen material to have a predetermined con
tour in a distortable container which comprises
providing a receptacle constructed of distortable
material so as to have a predetermined contour,
30 con?ning the side walls of said receptacle so as
to ‘retain said predetermined contour, substan
tially ?lling said receptacle with a material which
is expansible upon freezing, and subjecting said
container to freezing conditions so as to harden
535 said material without substantially bulging or
distorting said container ‘from its predetermined
contour.
2. The method of forming a bulk package of
frozen material so as to have a predetermined
40 contour in a distortable container which com
prises providing a receptacle constructed of dis
tortable material so as to have a predetermined
contour, con?ning the side walls of said recepta
cle by a rigid foraminous support conforming to
45 the predetermined contour of said container and
permitting access of air to said walls, substan
tially ?lling said receptacle with a material which
is expansible upon freezing, subjecting said re
ceptacle to freezing conditions and circulating
50 cold air about said receptacle so as to solidify the
material and cause it to assume the predeter
mined contour of said'container without sub
stantially distorting same.
3. The method of forming a bulk package of
ice cream in a. paper container of predetermined
contour which comprises placing said'container
within a support having rigid bottom and side
walls conforming to the predetermined contour
of said receptacle so as to closely embrace same,
60 substantially ?lling said container with a par
tially frozen ice cream mixture and subjecting
the container while so supported tofreezing con
ditions to congeal said ice cream mixture so as
to cause same to assume the predetermined con
tour ‘of said container without substantially dis
torting same.
4. The method of forming a bulk package of
frozen material in a distortable container of pre
determined contour which comprises placing said
container within a support having rigid con?n- ,
ing bottom and side walls conforming to the
predetermined contour of said receptacle so as
to closely embrace same, substantially ?lling said
container with a congealable material which is
expansible upon freezing and subjecting the con
-
6. The method of preparing bulk ice cream
packages for dispensing from containers con 25
structed of distortable material and having a
predetermined contour adapted to be snugly sup
ported in a dispensing receptacle of the same ,
contour which comprises individually supporting
a plurality of said containers in a foraminous 30
support having rigid bottom and side walls en
gaging the bottom and side walls of said contain
ers and conforming to the contour thereof, sub
stantially ?lling the individual containers with
partially frozen ice cream mixture, closing'the in 35
dividual containers, subjecting said containers
while so supported to freezing conditions to con
' geal said ice cream mixture so as to cause same
to assume the predetermined contour of said con- _
tainers without substantially distorting same out 40
of said contour, removing the individual pack
ages of the frozen mixture from said foraminous
support, and inserting the containers while the
mixture is still frozen in snugly ?tting individual
dispensing receptacles of the same contour, so as 45
to retain same and support the walls of said con
tainers during dispensing of said ice cream.
7. The method of preparing bulk ice cream for
dispensing from containers constructed of dis
tortable material and having a predetermined 50
contour adapted for being'snugly supported in a
dispensing receptacle of the same contour which
comprises providing a plurality of said contain
ers, con?ning the bottom and side walls of said
containers so as to retain same in said prede
termined contour, substantially ?lling said re
ceptacles with a partially frozen ice cream mix
ture, subjecting said receptacles to freezing con
ditions while so con?ned to solidify the ice cream ,
mixture and cause same to assume the predeter 60
mined contour of said containers without sub
stantially distorting same out of said contour,
and placing said containers while the ice cream
mixture is still frozen in a dispensing receptacle
of conforming contour so as to rigidly confine’ 65
and support the walls of said containers during
the dispensing of said ice cream from said con
tainer.
I
'
v
8. The method or preparing bulk ice cream for
dispensing from containers constructed from dis 70
tortable material of predetermined contour which
comprises providing a receptacle constructed of
distortable material so as to have a suitable pre
determined contour, substantially ?lling said re
ceptacle with a partially frozen ice cream mix
75
4
2,109,102
ture, subjecting the receptacle to freezing condi
tions while con?ning the side walls of said re
ceptacle to prevent substantial distortion of same
from its predetermined contour, until said ice
cream mixture is solidi?ed, and placing said con '
tainer while the ice cream mixture is still frozen
in a dispensing receptacle of conforming contour,
in order to rigidly support the walls of said con
tainer and retain same during dispensing of said
10 ice cream from said container.
9. The method of preparing bulk ice cream for
dispensing from containers of paper and having
a predetermined contour which vcomprises the
steps of freezing ice cream in said containers
While supporting the bottom and side walls there
of to prevent distortion. of said- contour; placing
at least two of suchindividuai containers while
the ice cream is still in frozen condition in a
receptacle having walls for rigidly supporting the
outer walls'oi‘ said containers, and placing a rigid
separator plate between the meeting faces of ad
joining containers in order to afford ?rm side
wall support for said adjoining side walls to pre 10
vent loulging and rupture of the container walls
during dispensing.
I
GEORGE W. COCKS.
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