Патент USA US2109105код для вставки
Feb. 22, 1938. R. M. DoULL 2,109,195 APPARATUS FOP. PROTECTING IPILES., PIERS , Filed 001'.. 27, 1936 ETC 2 Sheets-Sheet l 8 _f7 . Ö Í/ d m _.m „f „ -. „. .„. m 5 . 9 ...G4 14 l1 FIG.. I 14 INVENTOR, ROBERT-M- DOULL w. '1). @fm W/Z -? ATTORNEY - Feb. 22, 1938. R. M. DoULL 2,109,105 APPARATUS FOR PROTECTING PILES, PIERS, ETC Filed vOCT.. 27, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 u. > 3 =. ' INVENTOR 18 RoBERTMDouLL 2,109,1@5 Patented Feb. 22, 1938 Unirse STATES PATENT " Fifi 2,109,105 APPARATUS FOR PROTECTING PILES, PIERS, ETC. Robert Morse Doull, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, assignor to Gunite and Waterproofing Limited, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Application October 27, 1936, Serial No. 107,845 In Canada April 7, 1936 4 Claims. (Cl. 61-50) ing members I5 at each side of the protective This invention relates to the erection of pro tective structures around concrete, masonry, or other work such, for example, as piles, piers and docks. The object is to provide an economical s and easily erected structure which will give ample protection against damage due to frost, ice action, or abrasive or erosive action of any kind. According to this invention a skeleton frame, including vertical corner angles7 is first erected around the structure to be protected and the sides lO of the frame then closed oil by boards or other sheeting members placed one on top of the other so that the ends of the boards or sheeting mem bers of each side are held in place by the corner 15 angles and also by interlocking engagement with the sheeting members of the adjacent side or sides. Proceeding now to a more detailed description reference will be had to the accompanying draw ings, in which 20 Fig. l is a View, in side elevation, of the pro tective structure as applied to a single concrete pile. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken substantially along the line 2_2 oi Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a sectional View along the line 3-3 of Fig. l. Fig. 4 is a sectional view along the line 4-4 of Fig. 2. ' Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing 30 a modification of the invention as applied to a pile cluster. In the construction shown in Figs. l to 4 in clusive, 5 designates a concrete pile and 6 the protective structure which is erected around the pile in accordance with the present invention. As here shown the protective structure com prises vertical corner angles ’I which are spaced from the corners of the pile by top- and bottom timber frames generally indicated at il and 9, 4O Each of these timber frames consists of four timbers I0, I l, I2 and I3 assembled in rectangular formation with their inner edges engaging ad jacent sides of the pile as clearly shown in Figs. 45 3 and 4. The ends of the timbers Ill and Il are reduced in ‘thickness and interlock with the similarly reduced ends of the timbers I2 and I3, as indicated at ifi in Figs. 1 and 4. At each side of the pile the space between the corner angles l is closed off by a series of boards or sheeting members I5 placed one upon the other in edge to edge relation, with their end portions received within the corner angles as 55 clearly shown in Fig. 2. In order to prevent in Ward displacement thereof the boards or sheet structure are interlocked, as indicated at I'l, with the boards or sheeting members oi the two ad jacent sides. The top timber frame t rests directly on the uppermost boards or sheeting members I5 and serves to hold said members against vertical displacement. The entire protective structure is secured in place around the pile by suitable fastening bolts indicated at I8 and I9. As clearly shown in Fig. 3, these bolts serve to clamp the corner angles 'I against the corner portions oi the timber frames 8 and 9 which, in turn, may be directly fastened to the pile in any desired manner. The space between the pile and the boards 15 or sheeting members I5 of the protective struc ture may be left void or may be filled with gunite or any other suitable material. In the present instance I have shown a ñlling 2t oi gunite pro~ vided with metal reinforcement generally in dicated at 2 I. The protective structure described in the fore going is erected by ñrst applying the lower timber frame 9 and the corner angles 'I. rI‘he boards or sheeting I5 are then arranged in place and s_e cured against Vertical displacement by the uppertimber frame 8. The corner angles 'I may be secured to the timber frames 8 and 9 in any suitable manner, in addition to being held in place by the bolts I8 andy I9. 30 ` Fig. 5 illustrates the manner in which the pro tective structure may be erected around an exist ing pile cluster. In this case corner ñller pieces 22 may be employed at the corners 23 instead of metal corner angles. It will also be noted that certain of the fastening bolts I8 and Iii employed for holding the protective structure in place are anchored either in the piles or in por tions of the gunite filling which is placed in the spaces between the individual piles and between the piles and the protective structure. Aside from these differences and the necessary varia tion in shape the protective structure shown in Fig. 5 is essentially the same as that shown in the preceding figures. 45 Having thus described my invention, what I claim is: 1. A protective enclosure for piles, piers, docks and similar structures comprising vertically spaced top and bottom frame members mounted 50 on the structure to be protected, vertically ex tending angle irons engaged with corner portions of said frame members, said angle irons being spaced from said structure, and superposed sheet ing members extending between the angle irons 55 2 2,109,105 at each side of said structure, the sheeting mem bers at each side of the protected structure being held against vertical displacement between the top and bottom frame members and being held against horizontal displacement by said angle irons and by interlocking engagement with the sheeting members at the adjacent sides of said structure. 2. A protective enclosure for piles, piers, docks 10 and similar structures comprising vertically spaced top and bottom frame members mounted directly on the structure to be protected, vertical angle irons clamped to corner portions of said frame members, superposed sheeting members extending between the angle irons at each side of the protected structure, the ends of the sheet ing members at each side of said structure being positioned inside the adjacent flanges of the angle irons and being interlocked with the ends of the sheeting members at adjacent sides of said structure, the interlocking connection be tween the sheeting members being such as to prevent inward displacement thereof toward the protected structure. 3. A protective enclosure for piles, piers, docks and similar structures comprising vertically spaced top and bottom. frames mounted directly on the protected structure, vertical angle irons clamped to corner portions of said frames, super posed side boards extending between the angle irons at each side of said structure, the side boards at each side of said structure being spaced therefrom and being held against vertical dis placement bythe top and bottom frame members, and suitable filling material disposed in the space reserved between the protected structure and the 10 angle irons and side boards of the protective en closure. 4. A protective enclosure for piles, piers, docks and similar structures comprising vertically spaced top and bottom frame members mounted 15 directly on the protected structure, vertical angle irons engaging corner portions of said frame members, each angle iron being fastened to the two adjacent angle irons by clamping bolts serv ing to yclamp the angle irons firmly against the 20 corner portions of the frame members and sheet ing members extending between the angle irons at each side of the protected structure to form vside Walls extending from the bottom to the top frame member to complete the enclosure. ROBERT MORSE DOULL.