Патент USA US2109265код для вставки
Feb., 22, 1938. y - I Ml FOSTER I INoRGANIc ßU1LnI_NG SYSTEM Filed Aug. '20, 1935 im 42,109,265 i Z'Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 22, 1938. ` M. FQSTER 2,109,265 -INORGANIC BUILDING SYSTEM > Filed Aug. 20, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheetl 2 _ A BY` ìZo l _ ¿il Amm/EY. 2,109,265 Patented Feb. `22, UNITED _STATES 'PATENT ,l OFFICE . ` 2,109,265 INOBGANIC `BUILDING SYSTEM Mortimer Foster, Bronxville, N. Y. ApplicationAugust 20, 1935, Serial No. 36,980 4 Claims. `(Cl. 'l2-1i Fig. 4 shows the beam 8, the bottom block 2li, The invention relates to a new method and new means for the preparation ofthe parts for the side I8, the imbedded metal I9, the _ceiling and for the erection of buildings, and ’the >ob-_ piece I I, the hoor piece 9. _ Fig. 5 shows the wall pieces 2, the wall posts 6, 5 vide for a structure composed entirely of in-> the corner post I2, the splines 3, the anchor slots _ organic materials, and withA all metal used 4, the iloor pieces 9 and adjacent parts. Fig. 6 shows‘the wall pieces 2, the pipe slots I1, entirely embedded in and protected by an en casèment of inorganic materials, thus making the beam 8, the beam bottom blocks 20, the beam a structure indestructible, and to provide novel sides I8, the iloor pieces 9 and the ceiling pieces 1 i l0A means for assembling and uniting the parts _of II. jects of the invention, among others, are to pro- . `such structure. _I attain these objects in the manner and by the method herein described, and illustrated in The horizontal ties I8 and the template 23 on top and bottom of each post section and between such sections and the interposed beam ends are ñat metal pieces and the latter is cut out to con the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective showing the wall and - form tothe contour of the post cross section. Fig. '7 shows the wall pieces _2, the pipe slots I 1, lower iioor construction; ' Fig. 2 is a perspective showing upper ñoor, the floor pieces 9, showing the side interlocking joint 2| and the ceiling pieces II. ceiling, and roof constructiom' Fig. 8 shows the wall pieces 2, the pipe >slots I1, ' Fig. 3 is a horizontal section showing the as 20 sembly of the wall column and wall construction; theyimbedded metal I9, I 9’ the horizontal tie Fig. 4 is a vertical section showing t e assembly joining the heads of the posts I6, the'anchor rods and construction of the beams wit ñoor and 22, the splines 3 and the metal beam template 23. This method makes the greatest possible use of ceiling elements; ‘ ‘ Fig. 5 is a horizontal section through the all- the structural materials entering into the 25 walls and a plan View showing the relations of construction of the building; all material inthe the wall partsand of the interlocking floor completed structure is working and all parts are _ pieces; ‘ proportioned to the stresses coming upon them. / Fig. 6 is a vertical section through the .beams For instance where encasing material requires a and the ñoor and ceiling pieces; safe working unit for stress of 400 lbs. per square 30 _Fig. 7 is a vertical section substantially at inch,_it is made up to that desideratum; if 120 80 . ' right angles to the section shown in Fig. 6; lbs. unit stress is required it is so made. 'I'he Fig. 8 is a longitudinal vertical section showing imbedded metal is placed and designed in detail _the beam construction and the imbeddedmetal to take care of the forces acting upon it. There *parts and anchorage inthe walls. 35 fore as all materials are working, there is no Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views. _ substantial useless dead weight anywhere. In 36 . this combination of correctly prepared and pro ' Fig. 1 shows the _foundation or support of the " portioned materials with a complete freedom to structure I, the wall pieces 2 with their slots for the architect in his designs _liesan element of splines 3 and anchor slots 4 for securing the in-` novelty and 'this alsoxmakes -posible the con «40 side face pieces or wall “boards” 5. the wall posts struction of a really iireproof 'housing or other 40 6 with their metal cores- 1 with the slots for building at a cost not greater than the cost of a splines 3, 8, the iloor pieces 8 and their reasonably well built wooden frame structure. 'I‘he various elements entering into the struc*Y interlocking joints I0,.the ceiling pieces II, and ture are preferably made yof porous concrete, the the" corner posts I2. .45 Fig. 2 shows the wall pieces 2, the corner post use of the concrete having a predetermined pro 45 the roofing pieces Il, the roof beam I5 which is portion of voids, according to strength and weight requirements being contemplated, an j his ls re similar in construction to the :door beam and the inforced by steel bars or other elements, such as ' I2, the roof and eaves piece I3, I3’ respectively, horizontal metal tie piece I6 joining the heads 'those shown at 1 and I9, imbedded therein and 50 of the wall posts. «, _ Fig. 3 shows'the wall post 6, the _metal core of wall post 1, the splines 3, the anchor slots 4, the inside face pieces 5 and thehorizontal pipe slots I1 in the inside face of _the wall posts and wall. 55 pieces. « , extending tothe extremities of> such elements 50 which engage with other elements. The saidV elements are molded in suitable adjustable forms giving them the desired size,~ proportions and detalls of form. The dimensions of the elements ï may, however, be varied by adjusting the forms 2 _ l .2,109,265 so> as to produce the desired-length,- breadth and _ type of structure are -avoided. 'I'he constructive ' procedure, being on_ a preferred foundation, is as follows: First lay the first course of the wall thickness in each element. 'I'hus beams,l rafters and posts of any required length and having anyïl desired width and thickness may be molded to pieces, these being so shaped that they form a suitthe size, proportions and required'strength of a placement template for the setting of the floor the building and embody infinite variationstin beams and wall posts. Then set the floor beams, architecture, andl in this molding pl'OCeSS „the then the interlocking ceiling pieces, which are so 1 designed that workmen may in safety lay all con for fitting the parts together and joining them ,duits, pipes and ducts before the floor pieces- are and for the reception of keys or splines are formed,` while the metal reinforcement cut to placed. Then set the posts, and the pieces in the 10 outer walls, these being so designed that their the required length is imbedded therein. ~ The said elements are also preferably cast hollow to placement and the setting of the splines auto matically trues the vertical position of the wall posts in all directions. Place at this time the reduce their weight, provide insulating air spaces 15 ,and also provide for the housing therein of pipes, wires, etc., and furnish air’conduits. When the umts or elements are fitted together the joints are filled with a thin slurry which fills all interstices and unites them to form a unitary 20 structure. 'I'his is preferably done as each course frames in the door and window openings; s_et‘the metal horizontal ties at the tops of the wall posts; then the second tier of beams; then ceiling pieces. Proceed in the same manner with the building of the upper stories. Set the upper floor beams, the ceiling pieces, the roof rafters and the 20 » and as each floor and ceiling. is laid, the, slurry ' roofing pieces. When pipe and wiring and duct being poured in between the joints and allowedto work is complete lay the interlocking floor pieces, spread over the‘abutting surfaces. An expansible vthen the interior partitions, and therinner surface slurry.- of known formula, is used for this pur of the outer walls. _ 25 pose, so that when it sets itwill exert a certain .This method is accurate and rapid. No heavy 25 degree 'of pressure on such surfaces and unite pieces have to be handled,- and -immediately on therewith. Where splines or metal tie pieces or completion the structure is ready for use andv the like are used, the- interstices between them and the adjacent surfaces will also be filled -with ' Buildings of one, two, three or more stories 30 slurry. » may be erected, the design and construction of 3@ 'I'he frames for doors, windows and other open the wall posts and ties being modified to suit theoccupancy. ings are formed in the same manner as- the other parts herein described. . » ` ` . height of the building. . What I claim is: y ' The designs of any competent architect can ` l. A building frame comprising molded units 35 be carried out, in,Y any exterior or interior mate or elements of mineral material, embedded metal 35 rials desired. In`p1anning the architect need give » reinforcements therein, said units being of vari no consideration‘to the structural elements, or the modules, which govern the plan in prefabri cated or factory made houses, thus permitting l40 the- design-of buildings wholly for service, con venience andA beauty, the methods -used in¥>the preparation of the parts> being so flexible that no rigidly sized or proportioned` elements dictate lock with complemental portions of other similar and dissimilar units, said portions being brought 40 together and united- by sa'id complemental por ilustraed steps. Viìanges, and slot or goves' the 45 ous sizes, dimensions and shapes, portions there on and atdifl’erent parts thereof shaped to -inter--~ design. ‘ . Y ‘ I . l As all material elements entering _into the de sign are inorganic, and as all chemical reactions are completed during the preparation processes, tions without other fastening means to form the building construction, a cementitious substance » between certain of said’ portions at their abutting surfaces uniting such surfaces and .metallic key members inserted between certain other of said portions and engaging said abutting surfaces. the structure may be regarded as indestructible - ' 2. A building frame comprising molded units by the elements of fire, air and water, and for the same’reasons the structure/'is immune from de struction by insects or vermin. The _ . becomes homogeneous or elements of mineral material, embedded metal reinforcements therein, said unit-s being of vari ous sizes, dimensions and shapes, portions there on and at different parts thereof shaped to inter-- and owing to the cellular qualities in the encas .lock with complemental portions o'f other si?nilarv ingßmaterials used, to the -hollow and sealed de -and dissimilar units, said portions being brought _sign ofthe walls, noon and roofs, and to the com' together vand united by. said complemental por plete imbedment of the encased steel, sound tions without other fastening means to -form the,v .transmission is very‘low, and for the same rea building'construction, a> cementitious substance' sons,‘heat_ loess and heat communication from v' between certain of said portions at their abutting theNoforms exterior are IU conduction required inthe are atconstruction a on surfaces unitingv such surfaces and metallic key members inserted between certain "other of said the Prepared folmdation which may-be of any ' portions and engaging said abutting surfaces, suitable Preparation is ma'de inthe certain of the said abutting surfaces having re structure >for' the installation of any or all types of modern equipment-such as plumbing, heating, ceases therein for the reception of such key mem airconditioning,dectricity, etc. m _ 'Ä No forms or tool'are »needed for the erection, and no nails, bolts, screws another fastening means. Norisitnecësaarytocút, work,bore, perforate or otherwlse'operate upon the units Aor »bers, and certain oi' said units also having re- "65 oesses therein extending -across the `same and ~ forming with the recesses of adjacent units con tlnuous- ducts or voids. ‘ f . L 3. _"A building frame construction comprising elements employed. .It will be seen also thatthe- beams, floors, posts, _walls and other parts of in 70 said elements are so formed that when' fitted to . divldual molded units of 'mineral material, lSaid d gether they imite and cooperate to' resist weight, unlts having' mtegraiexœnor pomòns formed to stressesandstrainsinalldirections. Themethod engage vwith complemental portions 'of bther of ex`uding essentially moisture Va drysoprocess, detrimental the in the cest -units` to unite them whencassembled to forniv a 75 being building frame, metallic splines inserted between 75 3 2,109,265 said portions, the said portions having comple units to ‘unite them when assembled to form a mental recesses to receive said splines. `building frame, metallic splines inserted between 4. A building frame construction comprising said portions. the said portions having comple beams, ñoors, posts, walls and 'other parts of ln mental recesses to receive said splines, and metal dlvidual molded units of mineral material, said units having integral vexterior portions formed to engage with complementa] portions of other' plates inserted between ends of post sections and 5 interposed beam ends. _ ' ' » MOR'I'IMER FOSTER..