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Патент USA US2109265

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Feb., 22, 1938.
Filed Aug. '20, 1935
Z'Sheets-Sheet 1
Feb. 22, 1938.
Filed Aug. 20, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheetl 2
_ A
BY` ìZo
Patented Feb. `22,
Mortimer Foster, Bronxville, N. Y.
ApplicationAugust 20, 1935, Serial No. 36,980
4 Claims. `(Cl. 'l2-1i
Fig. 4 shows the beam 8, the bottom block 2li,
The invention relates to a new method and
new means for the preparation ofthe parts for the side I8, the imbedded metal I9, the _ceiling
and for the erection of buildings, and ’the >ob-_
piece I I, the hoor piece 9.
Fig. 5 shows the wall pieces 2, the wall posts 6,
5 vide for a structure composed entirely of in-> the corner post I2, the splines 3, the anchor slots
organic materials, and withA all metal used 4, the iloor pieces 9 and adjacent parts.
Fig. 6 shows‘the wall pieces 2, the pipe slots I1,
entirely embedded in and protected by an en
casèment of inorganic materials, thus making the beam 8, the beam bottom blocks 20, the beam a structure indestructible, and to provide novel sides I8, the iloor pieces 9 and the ceiling pieces
l0A means for assembling and uniting the parts _of II.
jects of the invention, among others, are to pro- .
`such structure.
_I attain these objects in the manner and by
the method herein described, and illustrated in
The horizontal ties I8 and the template 23 on
top and bottom of each post section and between
such sections and the interposed beam ends are
ñat metal pieces and the latter is cut out to con
the accompanying drawings, in which
Fig. 1 is a perspective showing the wall and - form tothe contour of the post cross section.
Fig. '7 shows the wall pieces _2, the pipe slots I 1,
lower iioor construction;
Fig. 2 is a perspective showing upper ñoor, the floor pieces 9, showing the side interlocking
joint 2| and the ceiling pieces II.
ceiling, and roof constructiom'
Fig. 8 shows the wall pieces 2, the pipe >slots I1,
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section showing the as
20 sembly of the wall column and wall construction; theyimbedded metal I9, I 9’ the horizontal tie
Fig. 4 is a vertical section showing t e assembly joining the heads of the posts I6, the'anchor rods
and construction of the beams wit ñoor and 22, the splines 3 and the metal beam template 23.
This method makes the greatest possible use of
ceiling elements;
Fig. 5 is a horizontal section through the all- the structural materials entering into the
25 walls and a plan View showing the relations of construction of the building; all material inthe
the wall partsand of the interlocking floor completed structure is working and all parts are _
proportioned to the stresses coming upon them.
Fig. 6 is a vertical section through the .beams For instance where encasing material requires a
and the ñoor and ceiling pieces;
safe working unit for stress of 400 lbs. per square
30 _Fig. 7 is a vertical section substantially at inch,_it is made up to that desideratum; if 120 80
. ' right angles to the section shown in Fig. 6;
lbs. unit stress is required it is so made. 'I'he
Fig. 8 is a longitudinal vertical section showing imbedded metal is placed and designed in detail
_the beam construction and the imbeddedmetal to take care of the forces acting upon it. There
*parts and anchorage inthe walls.
fore as all materials are working, there is no
Like numerals refer to like parts throughout
the several views.
substantial useless dead weight anywhere.
In 36
. this combination of correctly prepared and pro
Fig. 1 shows the _foundation or support of the " portioned materials with a complete freedom to
structure I, the wall pieces 2 with their slots for the architect in his designs _liesan element of
splines 3 and anchor slots 4 for securing the in-` novelty and 'this alsoxmakes -posible the con
«40 side face pieces or wall “boards” 5. the wall posts struction of a really iireproof 'housing or other 40
6 with their metal cores- 1 with the slots for building at a cost not greater than the cost of a
splines 3,
8, the iloor pieces 8 and their reasonably well built wooden frame structure.
'I‘he various elements entering into the struc*Y
interlocking joints I0,.the ceiling pieces II, and
ture are preferably made yof porous concrete, the
the" corner posts I2.
Fig. 2 shows the wall pieces 2, the corner post use of the concrete having a predetermined pro 45
the roofing pieces Il, the roof beam I5 which is
portion of voids, according to strength and weight
requirements being contemplated, an j his ls re
similar in construction to the :door beam and the
inforced by steel bars or other elements, such as
' I2, the roof and eaves piece I3, I3’ respectively,
horizontal metal tie piece I6 joining the heads 'those shown at 1 and I9, imbedded therein and
50 of the wall posts.
Fig. 3 shows'the wall post 6, the _metal core
of wall post 1, the splines 3, the anchor slots 4, the
inside face pieces 5 and thehorizontal pipe slots
I1 in the inside face of _the wall posts and wall.
55 pieces.
extending tothe extremities of> such elements 50
which engage with other elements. The saidV
elements are molded in suitable adjustable forms
giving them the desired size,~ proportions and
detalls of form. The dimensions of the elements
ï may, however, be varied by adjusting the forms
so> as to produce the desired-length,- breadth and
type of structure are -avoided. 'I'he constructive '
procedure, being on_ a preferred foundation, is as
follows: First lay the first course of the wall
thickness in each element. 'I'hus beams,l rafters
and posts of any required length and having anyïl
desired width and thickness may be molded to pieces, these being so shaped that they form a
suitthe size, proportions and required'strength of a placement template for the setting of the floor
the building and embody infinite variationstin beams and wall posts. Then set the floor beams,
architecture, andl in this molding pl'OCeSS „the then the interlocking ceiling pieces, which are so
1 designed that workmen may in safety lay all con
for fitting the parts together and joining them ,duits, pipes and ducts before the floor pieces- are
and for the reception of keys or splines are
formed,` while the metal reinforcement cut to
placed. Then set the posts, and the pieces in the 10
outer walls, these being so designed that their
the required length is imbedded therein. ~ The
said elements are also preferably cast hollow to
placement and the setting of the splines auto
matically trues the vertical position of the wall
posts in all directions. Place at this time the
reduce their weight, provide insulating air spaces
15 ,and also provide for the housing therein of pipes,
wires, etc., and furnish air’conduits.
When the umts or elements are fitted together
the joints are filled with a thin slurry which fills
all interstices and unites them to form a unitary
20 structure. 'I'his is preferably done as each course
frames in the door and window openings; s_et‘the
metal horizontal ties at the tops of the wall posts;
then the second tier of beams; then ceiling
Proceed in the same manner with the
building of the upper stories. Set the upper floor
beams, the ceiling pieces, the roof rafters and the 20
» and as each floor and ceiling. is laid, the, slurry ' roofing pieces. When pipe and wiring and duct
being poured in between the joints and allowedto work is complete lay the interlocking floor pieces,
spread over the‘abutting surfaces. An expansible vthen the interior partitions, and therinner surface
slurry.- of known formula, is used for this pur
of the outer walls.
_ 25 pose, so that when it sets itwill exert a certain
.This method is accurate and rapid. No heavy 25
degree 'of pressure on such surfaces and unite pieces have to be handled,- and -immediately on
therewith. Where splines or metal tie pieces or completion the structure is ready for use andv
the like are used, the- interstices between them
and the adjacent surfaces will also be filled -with ' Buildings of one, two, three or more stories
30 slurry.
may be erected, the design and construction of 3@
'I'he frames for doors, windows and other open
the wall posts and ties being modified to suit theoccupancy.
ings are formed in the same manner as- the other
parts herein described.
height of the building. .
What I claim is:
The designs of any competent architect can ` l. A building frame comprising molded units
35 be carried out, in,Y any exterior or interior mate
or elements of mineral material, embedded metal 35
rials desired. In`p1anning the architect need give » reinforcements therein, said units being of vari
no consideration‘to the structural elements, or
the modules, which govern the plan in prefabri
cated or factory made houses, thus permitting
l40 the- design-of buildings wholly for service, con
venience andA beauty, the methods -used in¥>the
preparation of the parts> being so flexible that
no rigidly sized or proportioned` elements dictate
lock with complemental portions of other similar
and dissimilar units, said portions being brought 40
together and united- by sa'id complemental por
ilustraed steps. Viìanges,
and slot or goves'
ous sizes, dimensions and shapes, portions there
on and atdifl’erent parts thereof shaped to -inter--~
l As all material elements entering _into the de
sign are inorganic, and as all chemical reactions
are completed during the preparation processes,
tions without other fastening means to form the
building construction, a cementitious substance »
between certain of said’ portions at their abutting
surfaces uniting such surfaces and .metallic key
members inserted between certain other of said
portions and engaging said abutting surfaces.
the structure may be regarded as indestructible - ' 2. A building frame comprising molded units
by the elements of fire, air and water, and for the
same’reasons the structure/'is immune from de
struction by insects or vermin.
_ .
becomes homogeneous
or elements of mineral material, embedded metal
reinforcements therein, said unit-s being of vari
ous sizes, dimensions and shapes, portions there
on and at different parts thereof shaped to inter--
and owing to the cellular qualities in the encas
.lock with complemental portions o'f other si?nilarv
ingßmaterials used, to the -hollow and sealed de -and dissimilar units, said portions being brought
_sign ofthe walls, noon and roofs, and to the com'
together vand united by. said complemental por
plete imbedment of the encased steel, sound tions without other fastening means to -form the,v .transmission is very‘low, and for the same rea
building'construction, a> cementitious substance'
sons,‘heat_ loess and heat communication from v' between certain of said portions at their abutting
exterior are
IU conduction
required inthe
are atconstruction
on surfaces unitingv such surfaces and metallic key
members inserted between certain "other of said
the Prepared folmdation which may-be of any ' portions
and engaging said abutting surfaces,
Preparation is ma'de inthe certain of the said abutting surfaces having re
structure >for' the installation of any or all types
of modern equipment-such as plumbing, heating, ceases therein for the reception of such key mem
airconditioning,dectricity, etc.
No forms or tool'are »needed for the erection,
and no nails, bolts, screws another fastening
means. Norisitnecësaarytocút, work,bore,
perforate or otherwlse'operate upon the units Aor
»bers, and certain oi' said units also having re- "65
oesses therein extending -across the `same and ~
forming with the recesses of adjacent units con
tlnuous- ducts or voids.
3. _"A building frame construction comprising
elements employed. .It will be seen also thatthe- beams, floors, posts, _walls and other parts of in 70
said elements are so formed that when' fitted to . divldual molded units of 'mineral material, lSaid d
gether they imite and cooperate to' resist weight, unlts having' mtegraiexœnor pomòns formed to
stressesandstrainsinalldirections. Themethod engage vwith complemental portions 'of bther
of ex`uding
Va drysoprocess,
the in the cest -units` to unite them whencassembled to forniv a
75 being
building frame, metallic splines inserted between 75
said portions, the said portions having comple
units to ‘unite them when assembled to form a
mental recesses to receive said splines.
`building frame, metallic splines inserted between
4. A building frame construction comprising said portions. the said portions having comple
beams, ñoors, posts, walls and 'other parts of ln
mental recesses to receive said splines, and metal
dlvidual molded units of mineral material, said
units having integral vexterior portions formed to
engage with complementa] portions of other'
plates inserted between ends of post sections and 5
interposed beam
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