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Патент USA US2109354

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Feb. 22, 1938.
Filed Oct. 21, 19,55
6- Sheets-Sheet 1
I Feb. 22, 1938.
Filed'oct. 21, I935
6' Sheets-Sheet 2
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Filed Oct. 21, 1935
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Filed Oct. 21, 1935
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Patented Feb. 22, 1938
William J. Kennedy, New York, N. Y.
Application October 21, 1935, Serial No. 45,848
3 Claims. (Cl. 194—63)
My present invention relates to turnstiles and
more particularly concerns a device of this char
acter which is primarily adapted to be employed
in fare zone transportation systems as utilized
5 by railroad, bus and street car operating com
kens, so that after the same are utilized by the
passengers, they are automatically returned to
the proper magazines from which they were dis- 5
panies. The apparatus, however, is secondarily
capable of use in a. stationary location for con
Another object of the invention is to construct
a coin operated turnstile mechanism adapted to
separately receive a plurality of variously sized
coins, for example, a transfer token, slightly 10
trolling admission of people for a predetermined
fee, or fare, to railroad stations, theatres and to
10 any and all such places where the same may ad
vantageously be employed. My herein desclosed
invention is preferably adapted to be employed
in connection with the speci?c type of turnstile,
larger than a nickel, a nickel, a penny and a
or gate, shown in my pending application, Se
utilized by the passengers in the operation of
the device.
A further object is to provide a turnstile mech
anism, which facilitates a double movement of
.rial No. 39,205, it being understood, however, that
the same is not to be limited in its scope by this
desired association.
The primary object of the invention is to pro
vide an apparatus of this nature, which will reg
20 ister, or count, as well as indicate to the passen
ger and operator the correct fare to be paid be
fore exit is made from the bus, or car, traveling
in a fare zone system of transportation. The
device eliminates the use of tickets upon which
25 the starting and ?nishing points of travel of the
passenger have to be designated, and insures the
collection of the right fare from the passenger
at all times. It also affords the transportation
company, or user of the device, positive check
upon the amount of fares collected over the pe
riod of a trip, or other desired interval, for which
the operator of the device must account.
Another object of the invention is to include,
in combination with the turnstile, a ‘token, or
C27 5 coin dispensing mechanism, so that each pas
senger entering through the turnstile will re
ceive one of the same to be subsequently utilized
in affording exit from the vehicle. This mech
anism provides coins, or tokens, of different di
40 ameters for each of the zones of the transporta
tion system, and the turnstile operating mecha—
nism is constructed to receive all of the tokens,
or coins, dispensed to the passengers.
A further object is to provide for the regula
_.5 tion of the above mechanisms so that the operator
of the turnstile can simultaneously set both of
the same to function correctly when the bus, or
car, passes from one fare zone into the next
of a mechanism for selecting and separating the
variously sized turnstile operating coins, or to
Another object is to provide automatically op
erative means for returning the fare indicators
to an off position before the completion of the
operation of the mechanism by the following pas
senger exiting through the turnstile.
The invention also contemplates the provision
dime, and to. automatically register or count
each of the same independently, as they are
the same when a passenger inserts a dime, or a
token equivalent of a dime, in the device, so that
two persons may be admitted through the turn- 20
stile by the single coin, or token, insertion.
Another object is to provide means to indi
cate to the operator of the turnstile when the
same has been actuated by the insertion, in the
mechanism, of a penny. Similar means are also 2~
utilized to indicate the use of a transfer token
in operating the device.
The invention also includes other objects, ad
vantages and novel features of construction and
arrangement hereinafter more particularly re- 30
ferred to in connection with the detail descrip
tion of the illustrated embodiment of the same
in the accompanying drawings.
Referring to the drawings:
Fig. l is a side elevation showing the turnstile 3
apparatus constructed in accordance with the
present invention in assembled relation.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the apparatus as illus“
trated in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a detail elevation of a portion of the 40
indicating and counting mechanism of the de
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail front elevation
showing the construction of the coin, or token,
receiving rotor, and, also, illustrating the mech- 45
anism for selecting and separating the coins, or
tokens, so that the same are returned to the
proper dispensing magazine.
Fig. 5 is a detail plan view of the portion of
the turnstile apparatus shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of the stator
member utilized in the construction in associa
tion with the token, or coin, receiving rotor.
Fig. '7 is a detail perspective view of the fare
indicators showing the method for yieldingly 55
securing the same in an actuated, or on, position.
Fig. 8 is a side elevation of a modi?ed form of
the herein disclosed inventive conception.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the lower portion of the
mechanism illustrated in Fig. 8, and
Fig. 10 is a sectional View taken on lines 8-43,
Fig. 8.
With particular reference to Figs. 1 to '7, inclu
sive, of the drawings, the turnstile apparatus con
structed along the lines of the present inventive
conception includes a revoluble member 20, hav
ing turnstile arms 2| extending therefrom, and
also provides a ?xed housing 22, situated, as
shown, above the revoluble part of the device.
15 This portion of the apparatus is shown by pref
erence, the same being described and illustrated
in detail in my pending application, Serial
#39205. The ?xed housing member 22 partially
incloses the revoluble arms of the turnstile and
20 is mounted in a secured position upon the cus—
tomary base or foundation, not herein shown,
the apparatus being placed in a desired location
for controlling the entrance and exit of persons
passing therethrough.
A plate, or disk, 23, suitably ?xed in position
upon the top of the revoluble arm containing
portion 20 of the turnstile, is constructed to in
clude a centrally located extension member 24,
which has a bevel gear 25 mounted upon the
30 same. Member 24 passes through an opening in
the ?xed housing Wall 22 and supports the bevel
gear 25 above the housing. Plate 23 further con
tains a plurality of equidistantly spaced stops
25 on its upper surface, the number of the stops
35 in this instance being four to correspond with
the number of operations of the turnstile arm
rotor necessary to complete one revolution of
the apparatus. It will be understood that the
passage of one person through the turnstile will
40 cause, through movement of the revoluble mem
ber 24}, a corresponding motion of the bevel gear
25, which turns through a 90 degree are or quar
ter of a revolution.
In association with the bevel gear 25, I pro
45 vide meshing gears 2'! and 28, which freely turn
on a split shaft 29. The shaft is journaled in
suitable bearing members 30 and 3| located upon
the ?xed housing member 22. The central part
is designed to permit the free entrance of passen
gers, or persons, through the turnstile and to si
multaneously function to dispense to the enter
ing persons a turnstile operating token, or coin.
The mechanism for accomplishing this purpose
of the invention includes a plurality of token
magazines, or containers, designated in the draw
ings at 48, 49, 5E! and 5|. As herein shown, the
apparatus is intended to operate in a zone fare
transportation system of four zones, the diam
eters of the tokens in each of the zones being
different, it being understood, however, that the
number of zones chosen is purely arbitrary and
that the invention is, consequently, not limited
to any particular number of zones. The appa
ratus is constructed to dispense one size token in
each of the zones of the system and, as shown
in the drawings, Figs. 1 and 2, the same is in a
position to dispense the token utilized in zone 4,
which, in this instance, is the largest token. Fur
ther, each of the token holders 48, 49, 50 and 5|
is provided with a reciprocating slide piece 52 for
dispensing the tokens one at a time. A spring
53 is employed to normally maintain each of the
slide pieces 52 in an inoperative position. The 25
forward part of the apparatus, adjacent the per
sons operating the turnstile, is formed in the
manner of a token receiver 54 into which the
tokens fall as the same are dispensed from the
magazines. The magazines proper are mounted
upon the upper portion of the receiver 54, so
that the tokens drop into the same by action of
The dispensing mechanism also comprises a
square shaft 55, the respective ends of which are 35
rotatably secured in bearing members 58 and 5'5
?xed upon the housing 22. This shaft extends
in parallel relation to the token magazines 43,
49, 58 and BI and is situated below the protrud
ing slide pieces 52 for each of the same. A con— 40
necting rod 58 pivotally unites the crank 45 to
a lever 59 located in a ?xed position on the shaft
55. An ejector ?nger 60 is slidably arranged on
the square shaft 55, the ?nger in the operation
of the mechanism moving in a direction to urge 45
one of the respective slide pieces 52, in this in
stance the token dispensing member located on
magazine 5!, so that a token drops into the re“
of the shaft 29 is constructed to comprise a ro
50 tatable joining connection for the respective uni
ceiver 54. In order to control the position of
the ?nger 60 with relation to the shaft 55, I 50
tary end portions of the same, as indicated at 32.
A ratchet 33 integrally extends from gear 21 and
operates in conjunction with a ratchet sleeve 34
slidably mounted on the shaft 29. A pin 35 se
55 cured to the shaft operates in a longitudinally
extending groove 36 in the sleeve member 34.
Spring 3'! is situated in association with these
parts to maintain the ratchet sleeve 34 in a yield
provide a zone dial 8| having indicated thereon
the respective zones of the system, which are
preferably numbered and termed zones l, 2, 3
and 4, for purposes of description. The zone
dial is rotatably mounted on a shaft 62 journaled 55
in a suitable manner in the frame work consti
ingly engaging position with relation to ratchet
60 33.
The gear 28 includes a ratchet 38 secured
thereto functioning in association with a slidably
mounted ratchet sleeve 39. Pin 40 ?xed to shaft
29 is situated within a groove 4| in the ratchet
sleeve 39. A pivotally mounted bifurcated mem
65 ber 62 yieldingly maintain the ratchet sleeve 39
in engagement with the ratchet gear 28 through
means of a spring 43. Cranks 44 and 45 are sit
uated on the respective ends of the shaft 29 ad
jacent in relationship to the bearing members
70 36 and 3!. Both cranks are constructed to in
clude ratchet teeth about their circumferential
portions, which, in connection with pawls 46 and
41 respectively, prevent the cranks from rotating
in other than a clockwise direction.
The mechanism in this form of the invention
tuting the side housing of the apparatus, and in
cludes a bevel gear 63 on the end of the same.
A spring controlled pawl 63’, similarly situated
with relation to the housing, maintains the dial 60
indicator 6] in a ?xed position at one of the
zone designations, the same being shown in this
instance at zone 4, Fig. 1. A vertical shaft 64
journaled in the housing member 22 has a gear
5 meshing with gear 63. An extending bifur~ 65
cated end member 66 is mounted in a ?xed posi
tion on shaft 64, the bifurcated portion of the
same loosely engaging a pin 61, Fig. 2, located
on the bottom of the ejector ?nger 50. By move 70
ment of the dial 6|, under the in?uence of the
operator of the mecchanism, the extending mem
ber 6'6 turns to actuate the ejector ?nger and
move the same along the square shaft 55 to secure
it in a movable position with relation to the 75
proper token magazine for the token to be dis
pensed in the given zone.
The turnstile token receiving, fare indicating
and counting, token separating, and the unlock
ing mechanisms are situated on a platform lo~
cated above the dispensing mechanism hereto
fore described. The platform upon which the
above mechanisms are contained is designated
in the drawings at 68, the same being suitably
10 mounted in a horizontal plane on the frame work
enclosing the device extending from the ?xed
housing 22.
The connections to the above mechanisms are
through crank 44 and include a connecting rod
15 69 pivotally secured thereto. An indicator re
turning ?nger ‘I0 is provided in a central posi
tion along the rod 69, the opposite end of the rod
being pivotally joined to a bell crank lever ‘II
situated upon a shaft located in the housing 22.
20 Connecting levers ‘I2 and ‘I3 join the bell crank
‘H to a vertical shaft ‘I4 rotatably secured be
tween the platform 88 and housing 22, this shaft
being adapted to move. a token receiving rotor
‘I5 situated in the portion of the mechanism
25 above the platform 68.
With particular reference to Figs. 1 and 4, the
construction of the rotor member ‘I5 comprises
a central vertical token receiving slot indicated
at ‘I6. The rotor member moves with relation to
30 a semicircular stator element 11, in Fig. 6, the
inner face of which de?nes one of the limiting
positions for the edge of the tokens used in the
apparatus. The slot ‘IS in the rotor is open ad
jacent to the stator member 11. The opposite
side of the slot ‘I8 to the stator is formed by a
gauge plate designated at ‘I8, which, in associa
tion with the stator, determines the position
which each of the tokens will drop to in the rotor
slot. Inasmuch as, for the purpose of the present
disclosure, I have adapted the apparatus to func
tion with four differently sized tokens, the gauge
plate ‘I8 is ?tted accordingly to secure the tokens
in the rotor during operation in a position ad
jacent to one of the four horizontal slots in the
stator member ‘II, as indicated in the drawings
at ‘I9, Fig. 6. From the foregoing, it will be un
derstood that the tokens inserted by the passen
gers, operating the turnstile, in a coin chute
80 located on the casing enclosure for the ap
paratus, will ?nd their proper positions, by grav
ity, within the rotor during the functioning of
the mechanism.
Rotor ‘I5 is further constructed to include a
plurality of internally extending slots 8| adjacent
55 to slots ‘I9 in the stator element, in assembled
relation. The rotor slots 8| have upwardly pro“
jecting notches as indicated at 82, the purpose
of which will be hereinafter more particularly
described. A token, or coin, shelf 83 is situated
60 on the stator element 11, the same having an
upright end portion 84 de?ning a limiting posi
tion for the movement of the rotor ‘I5. A slot
85 is located in the rotor for receiving the sta
tionary token shelf 83. Another slot 88 is sit
65 uated in the rotor in the position that the tokens
are held in when the same are upon the shelf
83. An unlocking ?nger 81 operates within the
slot 86 of the rotor as hereinafter pointed out.
The rotor further comprises a guard 88 for di
70 rooting the tokens placed in the chute 80 into
the token receiving rotor slot ‘I6. A plate 89,
integrally connected to the rotor, closes the chute
80 during the operation of the device and in
sures that only one token be used at a time by
75 the persons operating the turnstile. As the I0
tor ‘I5 moves by operation of the turnstile, the
plate 89 closes the chute 80, so that, until the
movement is completed, no further tokens can
operatively effect the mechanism.
In association with the rotor and stator of the
token receiving mechanism, I employ four piv
otally mounted ?ngers 90 for the variously sized
tokens used in the apparatus. The ?ngers are
movably secured, one upon the other, in spaced
vertical relationship upon a shaft, which is lo 10
cated in the platform 68 of the device. The
?ngers are, furthermore, yieldingly secured by
springs 9| so that their extension pieces 92 pass
through the stator slots ‘I9 and rotor slots 8|.
There is one ?nger for each of the four contigu
ous stator and rotor slots in the mechanism. The
length of the respective ?ngers adapted to oper
ate in association with the tokens in the rotor ‘I5
are altered, the ?nger working with the largest
token having the shortest operative length, and 20
correspondingly, the ?nger associated with the
smallest token having the longest operative
length. The token operative length of the ?ngers
is determined by means of a slot 93 in the in
terior surface of the same, the tokens being 25
adapted to slide along the ?ngers until this point
is reached. A lug 94, on the end of each of the
token operating parts of the ?ngers adjoining
the slots 93, ?ts within the rotor notches 82
when the same correspond as is the case in an
inoperative position. This construction of the
apparatus constitutes the token separating
mechanism as illustrated in detail in Figs. 4 and
Token chutes 95 are located in a manner to
return the tokens to the proper magazine, the
receiving end of the chutes being situated di
rectly under the rotor ‘I5, Fig. 5. In the opera
tion of the device, the extension pieces 92 of the
?ngers 90 function in association with the rotor
to momentarily stop the rotor when the token is 40
in a proper position to be released, so that it
may drop by gravity into the correct chute.
The unlocking mechanism for the apparatus
comprises ?nger 81, which is mounted in a ?xed
position on a shaft 99 journaled in the platform
68 and stationary housing 22. Lever 9'I, ?xed to
shaft 96, is pivotally connected to an unlocking
pawl 98, through means of a slotted rod 99. The
pawl 98 has a separate pivotal connection to a
suitable shaft located in the housing 22 as indi BI)
cated at I09 and is yieldingly secured in a look
ing position with relation to the stops 26 on the
revoluble turnstile member 20 by means of a
spring IOI. Pawl 98 extends through an open
ing in the housing member 22 and operates to
prevent the rotation of the turnstile in a counter
clockwise direction, Fig. 2. When the turnstile
is moved in a clockwise direction, the stops 26
urge the pawl out of the way against the action
of the spring I9! .
The selecting mechanism for indicating and
counting the correct fares of the passengers is
formed by pivotally mounted arm members I02
and I03 with a connecting link I94 joining the
end portions of the same. The arms are movably
secured to the frame work of the apparatus as
indicated at I95 and I95. The position of the
arm I 02 and I93, and link I94, with relation to
the token receiving mechanism, is controlled by
the operator of the device through the dial BI 70
by means of a lever I91, secured to dial shaft 62,
and a pivotal connecting link I98 joining arm I03
with the lever I91. A plurality of pins I09 are
located on the link I94, the same movably retain~
ing therebetween a number of arms I I0. In the 75
mechanism as shown, there is an arm H0 for
maintain the arm I21 of the mechanism in a
each of the ?ngers 90 of the token receiving
mechanism, which in this instance is four. The
arms tit are adapted to be pivotally mounted
yieldingly inoperative position. Each of the fare
indicators have an extension piece it‘! including
indicated. at HI to a swivel connection H2
situated on the end portion of each of the ?ngers
St. The opposite ends of the arms Ill! are free,
the same being constructed to include a right
angle gripping ?nger indicated at H3.
A shaft il?l secured between the side walls of
the apparatus as designated at I I5 and I I 6 serves
as a mounting for a plurality of fare indicators
Ml’ upon which they are rotatably secured. The
fare indicators Ill include designations of the
F amount of fare payable by the passenger exiting
a pin E32 which engages a yieldingly, pivotally
mounted arm I33, having a notched portion 134
for receiving the pin, which secures the indicators
in an operated visible position until the next pas
senger passes through the turnstile.
The regulation of the turnstile apparatus is
controlled by the operator of the vehicle traveling
in the four fare zone transportation system. In
the ?rst zone, the dial indicator is set for zone I,
so that the bifurcated member 66 positions the
ejector ?nger 60 adjacent to the slide piece 52
of the token magazine 48, which contains the
through the turnstile, the same appearing
through an opening through the housing for the
smallest diameter tokens.
apparatus shown at H8, so as to be visible to
both the operator and the passenger. As indi
member 20 is urged in a clockwise direction, as in
dicated by the arrow in Fig. 2 having the designa~
cated in the drawings, the fare indicator ill,
tion “In”. When the apparatus is actuated in this ..
for a ?ve cent fare, is shown in a visible posi
direction, the stops 25 move the locking pawl 98
against the action of the spring ill! to permit the
passengers to enter through the turnstile. The
operator, in setting the zone dial, simultaneously
controls the token dispensing mechanism and the
Inasmuch as there are four zones in the
presently described system, separate fare indi
As the passengers en
ter the vehicle through the turnstile, the revoluble
cators i ll, corresponding in number to the zones,
are employed, the indicators having ?ve cent,
ten cent, ?fteen cent and twenty cent denomina
selector fare indicating mechanism so that the
tions, respectively. Each of the fare indicators
apparatus will function properly in the given zone.
are connected through means of a link H9 to a
As the passengers enter in this zone, the bevel
gear 25 is actuated a quarter of a revolution by
each person, the direction of rotation being clock~
wise. For each quarter turn of the gear 25, the
meshing gears therewith 27 and 28 are adapted to
complete an entire revolutionv For the considered
movement, bevel gear 2? will rotate in a direc
tion such that the ratchet 33 of the same will
slip over the meshing ratchet sleeve 34, compress
ing the sleeve against spring 3?. In this manner,
crank 114 remains motionless during the opera~
tion of the turnstile by incoming passengers. On
the other hand, bevel gear 28 rotates in con— 40
counting mechanism of the customary construc
30 tion.
The counting mechanisms are mounted
one upon the other on the platform 68, the dials
for the counters being open for the operator’s in—
spection. The twenty cent fare indicator is con
nected to counter mechanism IZQ, the ?fteen
35 cent fare indicator being likewise connected to
counter 52!. In a similar manner, fare indi
cators of the ten and ?ve cent denominations
are connected to counter mechanisms E22 and
523, respectively. Extending to the opposite side
40 of the indicators to the counters are integral arms
5261, which contain perpendicular end pieces I25
adapted to operate in association with the arms
tit of the selector mechanism heretofore de
scribed. The arms I24 extend from their respec
45 tive fare indicators at different relative eleva
tions, the arm for the ?ve cent indicator being
most elevated, and the arm for the twenty cent
indicator being lowest in position, the others
varying between the limiting positions shown.
50 By changing the position of the dial 6!, the op
erator controls the number of indicators which
come under the influence of the arms MB.
the position shown in Fig. l, the dial is set for
and in this zone all of the ?nger oper
ii!) are in a position to function
55 ated arms
through operation of the token receiving mecha
nism. With reference to Fig. 3, the same mecha
nism is illustrated set in a position for operation
in zone i, in which instance only the lowermost
60 arm it!) is in a position to move the fare indi
cator into an observable position. From the fore
going, it will be understood that in zone 2, the
mechanism is set so that the lower two of the
arms 535 are in an operative position with rela
65 tion to the indicators, and in zone 3, the lower
three are set in a similar position.
The fare indicator returning mechanism, in
association with the ?nger 10 on the connecting
rod £553 of the device, includes a sleeve l26, rotat
70 ably mounted on shaft H4, having an arm l2?
extending therefrom to the position with relation
to the ?nger indicated in Fig. 1. A return arm
528 projects from the sleeve I26 to a forward
position above the pivotal axis ! Id of the fare in
75 dicators ill. A stop I29 and spring I30 normally
junction with ratchet sleeve 39, the ratchet 38
?rmly gripping the same, to transmit the rotary
movement of the gear through pin 45 to shaft 29
to urge the crank 45 through a complete revolution
in a clockwise direction.
By means of the con~
necting rod 58 and lever 59, the shaft 55 is moved
so that the ejector ?nger 6i} operates the slide
piece 52 associated with magazine 48 to cause one
of the tokens situated therein to drop into the
receiver 5d. The same operation takes place in 50
each of the zones, the ?nger 6i) being positioned
to eject the proper token for the given zone.
It will be understood that each person entering
the vehicle through the turnstile in zone 1 will be
vended a token, issuing from magazine :35, which
is the smallest token, and in zone 2 the apparatus
will be set by the operator to vend, or dispense,
the next sized token situated in magazine 49.
Also the token in magazine 55! will be dispensed in
zone 3 and the largest token employed in the pres
ent system, as contained in magazine 5i, will be
dispensed in zone A. As illustrated in Fig. 2, the
dispensing mechanism has arbitrarily been shown
in a position to dispense the token employed in
zone 4 of the system.
For the present example, it is assumed that one
of the passengers entering in zone l, having re
ceived the token dispensed in this zone, desires to
leave the vehicle while it is still traveling in the
same zone. This passenger in exiting through the
turnstile places the token in the chute 8i] and the
following operations take place in the mechanism.
The passenger in this instance moves the turnstile
arm in a counterclockwise direction indicated by
the arrow designated as “Out” in Fig. 2. As. the
passenger moves the turnstile arms, the revoluble
member 20 is moved in a corresponding direction
to cause a quarter turn of the bevel gear 25. In
this instance, the direction of motion of the gears
has been reversed so that meshing gear 28 idles
upon the shaft 29 by slipping over the yieldingly
held ratchet sleeve 39 and, consequently, crank 45
remains inactive. Crank 44 is actuated by means
of the gear 21, ratchet mechanism 33 and sleeve
10 34 through the pin 35 to move through a com
plete revolution. As indicated in Fig. 1, the ?rst
function of the connecting rod 69, from the crank
_ 44, is to move the arm I21 by means of the ex
tending indicator release ?nger ‘I0 so that the
15 fare indicator in an observable position is released
from its securing member I33 by the arm I28.
The fare indicators return to a normal inoperative
position through means of the in?uence of the
cranks of the counter mechanisms associated with
20 the same.
The token falls by gravity to ?nd a position
on the shelf 83 of the stator member TI. The
crank 44 by means of connecting rod 69 urges
the bell crank device ‘I I, which through the levers
25 ‘I2 and ‘I3 exerts a rotating in?uence on rotor
shaft ‘I4, so that during the initial movement of
the turnstile, the token in the rotor slot ‘I6
presses against the unlocking ?nger 81 to permit
the passengers to exit through the turnstile.
30 This is accomplished by the movement imparted
to shaft 96 from the unlocking ?nger B1 and,
subsequently, lever 91, in association with the
connecting rod 99, draws the locking pawl 98
away from the stop 26.
As soon as the token
35 receiving rotor has moved su?iciently to pass the
unlocking ?nger 81, the same returns immedi
ately to a locking position through the in?uence
of the spring IGI. The rotor continues in its
forward movement, urged by the crank 44, until
40 the token clears the shelf 83, at which time it
rotor is momentarily held in this position by the
lug 94, which abuts the rotor permitting the
token to drop by gravity into the chute leading
back to the magazine 48. When the token is re
leased, the ?ngers 99 move to a normal position
through the in?uence of the spring 9i, and the
lug 94 takes an aligned position with the rotor
notch 82 permitting the same to complete its
movement. Due to the different positions of the
releasing slots 93 on the respective ?ngers 90, the 10
tokens are selectively returned to their proper
magazines. The operation of the mechanism is
then ?nished and the token rotor brought back
to a position by the crank 44 for receiving the
token of the next passenger.
A further example to explain the operation of
the selective fare indicating mechanism of the
apparatus could be taken as follows. With the
assumption that the passenger has entered in
zone 2 and has traveled into zone 4 before desir
ing to leave the vehicle, the following operation
takes place. The passenger inserts the token, .
obtained in zone 2, from magazine 49, in the
turnstile chute 80, and passes through the turn
stile as heretofore described. This token drops 25
in the receiving rotor slot to a level designated
in Fig. 3 of the drawings by the notation “token
level zone 2”.
The selector arms II?) have been
located by the operator in the position for zone 4
as shown in thepdrawings in Fig. 1. As the 30
token urges the ?nger on a level with the same,
outwardly during the return motion of the rotor,
the arm III) in alignment with the ?fteen cent
indicator engages the same to move it into an
observable position, the indicator simultaneously 35
operating the counter mechanism registering the
?fteen cent fare. The variable alignment of the
selector arms III] with relation to the indicator
arms I24 is such that the same operates with the
positions adjacent the slots 19 in the stator TI.
Tokens dispensed in zone 4 will drop to a posi
differently sized tokens to both indicate and 40
count the correct fare for each passenger in the
vehicle as they pass through the turnstile. It will
be understood that the operator must collect the
tion in alignment with the highest counting
fares indicated by the apparatus from the pas
drops by gravity into one of the ?nger operating
45 ?nger 90 on the stator. The levels to which the
respective tokens will drop in the rotor, in a
positionbetween the gauge plate ‘I8 and stator
11, is indicated in Fig. 3 of the drawings. In the
instant case, the smallest token is being utilized
50 so that the same drops to a position in the rotor
adjacent the lowermost ?nger 90. On the re
turn movement of the token rotor, the edge of
the coin presses the indicator ?nger outwardly,
the same bearing upon and sliding along the side
55 surface of the extension piece 92 of the ?nger
situated within the stator. As this movement is
taking place, the end of the ?nger 98, containing
the swivelly connected arm III], is operating to
cause an engagement of the aligned gripping
60 ?nger end of the same with the indicator and
counter arms I24. In zone I, the lowermost ?n
ger will be in alignment with the ?ve cent fare
indicator arm through the vertically movable
arm III], the fare indicator arm being brought
65 forward to an operative position by the engaging
end of the arm IIO, so that the same may be
observed through the opening H8. The fare
indicators are held in position by means of the
yieldable securing arm I33 until subsequently re
70 leased by the next operation of the turnstile as
hereinbefore described.
During the further movement of the token re
ceiving rotor by the crank 44, the token is moved
out against the extending piece of the ?nger 90
II until the same reaches the slot 93 therein. The
sengers before they leave the vehicle.
In connection with the form of the invention
illustrated in Figs. 8, 9 and 10, the turnstile ap~
paratus therein shown is constructed upon a
?xed housing member I35, which is mounted
upon a suitable pedestal, or base. The revoluble
arms of the apparatus, not herein shown, the
same being of the customary construction, are
connected to a plate or disk element, which is
adapted to rotate a quarter of a revolution as
each person passes through the turnstile. The 55
apparatus illustrated is primarily adapted for
use in a two zone fare transportation system
although it is also capable of employment in a
single zone system or for controlling the admis
sion of persons to and from railroad stations, 60
theatres and like places. With particular refer
ence to Figs. 8 and 9, the apparatus is con
structed to comprise radially positioned locking
stops I3'I, located on the upper surface of the
revoluble turnstile disk I36. From the central 65
portion of the disk I36, there is an upwardly
extending spacer element I38 upon which a bevel
gear I39 is mounted. The spacer element pro
jects through an opening in the central portion
of the housing as indicated at I40 and secures 70
the bevel gear I39 in a freely rotatable position
above the surface level of the same. Gears I4I
and I42 meshing with gear I39 integrally con
tain ratchet elements I43 and I44 respectively,
the gears and ratchet parts thereof being slid 76
ably mounted on a shaft I45, which is provided
with suitable bearing members I46 and I4? ?xed
in position upon the top of the housing i35.
A sleeve M8, having ratchet engaging end por
tions indicated at M9 and I59 respectively, is
slidably mounted on shaft I45 through means of
a groove iii! in the sleeve and a pin £52 extend
ing from the shaft. The sleeve also has a cen
tral circular part, reduced in diameter as indi—
10 cated at I53, which is adapted to engage a bifur
cated end member I54 that has a resilient con
necting piece I55 associated with the same. A
crank I56 is located on shaft I45 adjacent the
bearing I41.
The mechanism for permitting the operator of
the apparatus to control the directional move~
ment of the turnstile by the passengers, so that
they may either enter the vehicle free of charge
and exit by paying a fare, or enter by paying a
fare and exit through the turnstile free, further
I58 has been moved into a temporary inoperative
location against the spring I90 so that the turn
stile may freely rotate in a counterclockwise
direction (Fig. 9), the stops l3'l', when moving in
this direction, urging pawl I51 out of the way
against the action of its spring IBQ. When
handle I15 is set in the second zone position by
the operator, pawl I5? is moved into an inop
erative location and the apparatus functions
under control of pawl I58. Also, in this instance, 10
rod I'i'i yieldingly secures sleeve M8 against the
ratchet I44 associated with gear M2.
The coin, or token, receiving mechanism for
the turnstile is located in an elevated position on
a platform IQI, supported on brackets n92 con 15
nected to the housing member I35. Posts E93 are
situated on the platform I9I, the same holding a
plate I94 thereon, which serves as a bearing mem~
stops £3’! for regulating the direction of rotation
of the turnstile. Overlapping ?ngers I63 and
her in association with the platform for rotatably
retaining the shaft I95 of the coin. receiving 20
Vertical rotor and the unlocking shaft ill in
position. The slotted coin and token receiving
rotor is indicated at I98, the construction of the
same in conjunction with the semicylindrical
stator member E91 being substantially identical 25
to the similar parts of the device heretofore de
scribed in connection with the ?rst form of the
Hit are located on the adjacent ends of the re
invention. In the present disclosure, however,
spective pawls I5‘).r and I58. A plate I55, pivotally
the gauge plate in the rotor is designed to sup
port a transfer token of a size slightly larger 30
includes pivotally mounted locking pawls 5'51 and
I58, movable upon shafts I59 and IEE! respectively,
secured in the upper portion of the housing I35.
The pawls have downwardly extending pieces 56%
and IE2 which operate in conjunction with the
30 secured below the housing iii-5 as indicated at
i66, provides a selecting pin i6‘! operating in
association with pawl ?ngers 863 and I613. This
part of the mechanism also includes a pin I68
engagingly secured in a slot I69 located in an un
locking lever I'lii for the turnstile apparatus.
Pin “58 extends through an opening I68’ in the
housing i355. Lever I70 is mounted in a ?xed
position on a shaft i'li, which is suitably jour
naled in the housing Hi5.
A rod I72, pivotally mounted on the housing as
indicated at H3, is joined to the opposite end of
the resilient connecting piece E55 uniting this rod
to the bifurcated member I54. To control the
position of rod I72, sleeve M8 and locking pawls
I51 and I58, I provide a pivotal lever E14 having
a handle I15, which extends through a protected
opening in the inclosure for the mechanism, so
as to be available only to the operator of the
same. A lug H5, on the lever H4, is employed
in association with a notched plate Ill, so that
the lever may be removably set in either of two
working positions. A connecting rod I18 joins
lever IN to rod I12, the pivotal joining points
of the same being designated at H9 and IBEJ.
Integral arms I8I and I82 are provided for the
locking pawls I5? and IE8. Each of the arms
have vertical pins 583 and I84, respectively, ex
tending therefrom, which are adapted to engage
the slotted ends of rods I85 and I86. Both rods
69 i855 and E86 are pivotally joined to the rod I12
at the connection point I as. The slots for en
gaging the pins are indicated in the drawings at
E8? and Itt‘. Springs I89 and I98 yieldingly se
cure the locking pawls in a normal operative posi
tion with respect to the stops I37. In the posi
tion of the mechanism illustrated, the handle H5
is set in a manner that the turnstile will function
correctly in zone 5, that is to say, it will operate to
permit passengers to enter the vehicle through
the turnstile by paying a fare and allow the pas:
sengers to exit therethrough in the same fare
zone free of charge. As illustrated for zone I,
Fig. 9, the operator has located rod I72 in a posi
tion to yieldingly secure the ratchet sleeve I48
75 against the ratchet I43 of the gear MI. Pawl
than a nickel in a position in association with
the stator adjacent the highest counting ?nger,
and correspondingly position the smaller coins,
adapted for the present purpose, to be a nickel,
a penny and a dime, adjacent the other count 35
ing ?ngers.
The levels to which the respectively
sized coins drop in the rotor are indicated in Fig.
8 of the drawings adjacent the pivotally mounted
?ngers which are of the same construction and
arrangement as heretofore described except for 40
provision of a separate mechanism for regulating
the disposal of the coin, or token, after the same
has been employed in operating the mechanism.
In the instant case, a coin box I98, situated below
the rotor, is adapted to receive all the coins, or
tokens, used in the operation of the device, the
same falling by gravity, from the slot in the rotor
after the same has moved clear of the stator
through an opening I99 in the platform I?i.
The counting ?nger for the transfer token used in
the present case is indicated at 268, and likewise
?ngers 20L 202 and 203 are employed in asso
ciation with the turnstile operating coins of the
denomination of a nickel, a penny and a dime,
respectively. Springs 205, normally retain each _
of the ?ngers of the mechanism in an operative
position with relation to the slotted rotor I96.
The coin chute in the casing of the apparatus
is illustrated in the present case at 2%. The
counting mechanisms for the respective ?ngers
are indicated at 261, 268, 269 and 2H3. Counter
26? is pivotally connected to the token ?nger 200
by means of the rod 2H and likewise rods 2H2,
2I3 and 2M connect their respective counters
with nickel ?nger 20 I, penny ?nger 2G2 and dime
?nger 203. The ends of the counting ?ngers 20d
and 292 have hammers Z'IE and 2N5, which op
erate in conjunction with bells 255' and M6’
mounted on the side of the device to indicate to
the operator when either a transfer token, or a 70
penny, has been used to operate the turnstile.
In this form of the invention, each of the ?ngers
for the individual coins are directly connected
to the counting mechanism for the same, so that
it will be understood that whatever coin is em 75
ployed, the same will automatically be counted
before it leaves the rotor member I96 and drops
into the box I98.
With particular reference to Fig. 10, the mech
anism included in the device for accommodating
the use of a dime in the turnstile in order to per
mit two persons to enter through the same for
one fare is illustrated. This construction in
cludes a pivotally mounted arm 2 I 1 having a stop
2I8 thereon for engaging the pin, which pivotally
connects the ?nger 203, and rod 2 I4, so that these
parts may be secured in an extended operating
Spring 2!!! normally maintains the
inwardly disposed side of the arm 2I1 against
15 the joinder pin for the ?nger 203 and rod 2M.
A further pivotally mounted arm 226' is. employed
in association with arm 2I1, this ?rst named
arm having a spring 22I on the same for permit
ting it to yieldingly move in a counterclockwise
20 direction. A lug 222, located on the arm 2'20 pre
vents the same from moving in a clockwise di
unlocking mechanism moving correspondingly.
After the rotor has been moved by the crank E56
so that the coin in the same clears the stator
shelf, the coin drops by gravity therein to a p0si~
tion adjacent one of the counting ?nger levels
clearly indicated in Fig. 8 of the drawings. On
the return movement of the rotor, the edge of
the coin, adjacent the stator of the mechanism,
urges the proper ?nger in an outwardly direction
so that the fare is registered on either one of 10
the counters 201, 208, 209 and 2I0 through their
respective connecting rods 2“, 2I2, 2I3 or 2H5.
When the rotor I96 moves past the edge of the
stator I91, the coin. therein drops by gravity
through the opening I99 into the box I98, the
?nger, actuated by the coin, returning to a nor
mal operating position with relation to the rotor
under the in?uence of the springs 205.
In zone I, when the passengers desire to leave
the vehicle, they exit through the turnstile free
of charge. In going out, the turnstile is operated
rection without in?uencing, in turn, the rotation
by the passengers in a counterclockwise direc
of the arm 2| 1 in a similar direction about its
pivot point. The end of the arm 220 extends to a
tion as indicated by the designation “Out” in Fig.
9. The movement of the turnstile in this direc
tion causes the stops I31 to urge the pawl I51 out
of their path against the action of the spring
I89 for the pawl. The bevel gear I39 rotates gear
25 position to be in the path of movement of the
rear edge of the rotor I96, as indicated in the
drawings at 223. Also, included in this part of
the mechanism there is a protruding ?nger piece
224 mounted on the unlocking shaft I1I. One
30 end of this finger is adapted to momentarily en
gage the coin rotor I96 to permit the dime to fall
by gravity, through the opening I99, into the coin
The other end of the same forms a cam
225, which is engaged by an extending lip 226,
35 situated to the side of the counter ?nger 203.
The connecting parts of the apparatus, join
ing the crank I56 to the rotor I96, include con
necting rod 221, lever 228, shaft 229, as illustrated
in Fig. 9 and‘ lever 230, rod 23I and lever 232,
40 which is secured to the rotor shaft I95. Crank
I56 is circumferentially notched and is permitted
to move in one direction only through means of
the pawl 233 associated with the same.
The operation of the mechanism in zone I of
45 the system is as follows. A passenger enters the
turnstile by inserting a transfer token, or nickel,
in the coin chute 206. The turnstile arms are
moved a quarter of a revolution in a clockwise di
rection as indicated by the arrow “in” as shown in
50 Fig. 9. The coin drops by gravity to a position
on the shelf associated with the rotor as hereto
fore described. With the reversing‘ mechanism
set in the position indicated‘ in Fig. 9, the bevel
gear I39 is moved in a clockwise direction by the
55 passenger passing through the turnstile.
I42 freely rotates on shaft I45. Gear I4I rotates
in conjunction with ratchet I43 to move the
sleeve I48 correspondingly and through pin I52
the same urges the shaft I45 to revolve the crank
60 I56 through a complete turn. The motion of the
I“, so that its ratchet I43 slips over the en—
gaging ratchet end portion I49 of the sleeve I43,
the sleeve moving longitudinally along the shaft
away from the ratchet I43 against the action of
the resilient connecting piece I55.
When the vehicle is traveling in zone 2, the op~
erator sets the handle I15 in the other limiting
position, so that the selective pawl mechanism is 35
changed, pawl I51 being temporarily drawn out
of position and, pawl I58 being located so as to
control the operation of the mechanism. The
sleeve I48, by this action, is also yieldingly secured
against the ratchet I44 of the gear I42. In the 40
operation of the mechanism in its‘ altered condi
tion, the turnstile is rotatable in a clockwise di»
rection as indicated by the designation “In”, in
Fig. 9, to admit passengers free of charge, stops
I31 urging the pawl I58, in this instance, out of 45
the way against the action of its spring I910.
However, the turnstile is locked by pawl I58 in a
counterclockwise direction, so that, in order to
exit through the same, it is necessary to insert
the proper coin in chute 206 to cause the un
crank is transmitted by means of rod 221, lever
228, shaft 229, lever 230, rod 23I and lever 232
to actuate the shaft I95 to move the coin receiv
ing rotor I96. In the initial movement of the
65 rotor I96, the coin therein, supported on the
shelf of the stator, urges the unlocking ?nger
has been employed to operate the turnstile, the
finger 202, in returning to its normal position,
204 to cause a movement in shaft I1I, which,
mer 2I5 and bell 2I5', the bell for indicating
the token having a different tone than that for
through lever I10, pin I68, and plate I65, which
pivots about the axis I66, moves the pin I61 to
70 pick the unlocking pawl I51 away from the stops
I31 to permit the turnstile arm to be rotated by
the passenger.
As soon as the coin in the rotor
has passed the unlocking lever 204, pawl I51 im
mediately returns to its normal locking position
75 under the in?uence of spring I89, the rest of the
locking and counting mechanisms to function as
heretofore described, the gear I42, in this in
stance, providing the means to rotate the crank
I56 through ratchet I44 and engaging sleeve I48
with pin I52 and shaft I45. During the operation 55
of the device by entering passengers, when the
same is set in zone 2, the sleeve I48 moves longi
tudinally along the shaft I 45 away from the
ratchet I44 under the in?uence of the resilient
connecting piece I55. In the event that a penny 60
will strike the hammer M6 on the bell 2| 6' to
indicate this fact to the operator of the vehicle.
When a transfer token is used, a similar action 65
takes place in connection with ?nger 200, hams
the penny.
The mechanism for permitting two passen
gers to enter or exit, as the case may be, through
the turnstile for a single dime fare, operates in
the following manner. The dime functions in
connection with the unlocking ?nger 204 and
associated mechanism in the same manner as 75
the other coins to permit the ?rst passenger to
pass through the turnstile. During the return
movement of the rotor containing the dime, the
?nger 263 is operated to move outwardly by the
dime to cause the fare to register on the counting
mechanism 2H1 through rod 2 Hi. When the piv
otal connection for the ?nger 283 and rod ‘2M
has been urged to its maximum extent, the same
is engaged by the stop 246 on the arm 21?.
Through the lip 226 and cam 225 on the ?nger
224, connected to the unlocking shaft ill, the
?nger proper is rotated suf?ciently to secure the
unlocking shaft Hi and associated mechanism in
an unlocking position. The forwardly extending
15 portion of the ?nger 224 momentarily stops the
rotor l95 during its return movement after the
same is clear of the stator, so that the dime drops
through the opening I99 in the platform into the
box I98. Inasmuch as the turnstile is secured in
an unlocked position by means of the ?nger 224,
the following passenger is able to pass through
the same. This further movement actuates the
rotor I 96 without the necessary coin or token,
the rear portion 223 of the rotor striking the arm
229 and through lug 222, moving the arm 2!’! so
25 that the pin connecting the ?nger 263 and rod
2 I4 is freed, thereby allowing the same to return
to a normal position under the in?uence of the
spring 205.
Inasmuch as the inventive concepts herein dis
30 closed may be embodied in other desired forms,
various modi?cations of the illustrated improve
ments may occur to those skilled in the art and
may be made without departing from the scope
and purview of the invention, as claimed.
I claim as my invention:
1. A token controlled turnstile apparatus
adapted to singly receive a plurality of different
token denominations having, in combination
therewith, mechanism for selectively positioning
40 the tokens according to their denominations, a
counting ?nger for each of the selective positions
for the tokens operable by the same during move
ment of the turnstile, a plurality of separate fare
indicators, a counting mechanism for each of
the fare indicators, and fare indicator selecting
mechanism joined to said counting ?ngers adapt
ed to urge the proper fare indicator and its cor
responding counting mechanism into an operative
position through movement of the token count
ing ?nger.
2. A token controlled turnstile apparatus
adapted for use in fare zone transportation sys
tems, comprising mechanism for selectively re
ceiving a plurality of di?erent token denomina
tions, fare indicators for each of the zones of the 15
system, a counter mechanism associated with
each of the fare indicators, a fare indicator se
lecting mechanism having a plurality of adjust
ably extending gripping arms, the position of
which with relation to the fare indicators is con 20
trolled by the operator, means for connecting
said fare indicator selecting mechanism with the
mechanism for selectively receiving the tokens so
that during movement of the turnstile the grip
ping arm corresponding in relation to the token
employed is actuated by the same to cause the 25
proper fare indicator and counter mechanism
therefore to move into an operative position.
3. A unitary turnstile apparatus adapted for
use in fare zone transportation systems, including
magazine retainers for tokens of di?erent diam 30
eters for each of the zones of the system, mecha
nism, operable by the passengers entering
through the turnstile, for dispensing the tokens,
mechanism for receiving the tokens, operable by
the passengers exiting through the turnstile, to 30
indicate the correct fare for each passenger, and
means, associated with said second named mech
anism, for sorting and returning the tokens to
the proper magazines after use.
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