close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2109617

код для вставки
March l, 1938.
G. w. GWINN Er AL.
2,109,617
CIGARETTE CATCHER
Filed Aug. 3, 1934
www
4 Sheets-Sheet l
March 1, 1938.-
w„GW1NN VET Al.
2,109,617
C IGARETTE CATCHER
Filed Aug. 3, 1934
‘O1
/
/
f
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
March 1, 1938.
G. w. GWINN ET Al.
2,109,617
CIGARETTE CATCHER
Filed Aug. z, 1934
i
à
March l, 1938.
G. w. GWINN ET A1.
2,109,617
CIGARETTE CATCHER
Filed Aug. 3, 1954
¿à
4 sheets-sheet 4v
FIG. 14
www; ë _.
85%@ Wy -
@www
R
/
Patented Mar. 1, 1938
2,109,617
UNITED sTATEs PATENT oFFicE
2,109,617
CIGARETTE GATCHER
George W. Gwinn, Hewlett, N. Y., and James W.
Leary, Bloomfield, N. J., assignors to American
Machine & FoundryCompany, a corporation
of New Jersey
Application August 3, 1934, Serial No. 738,356
38 Claims.
(Cl. 131-39)
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the device shown in
This invention relates to cigarette collectors for
Fig. 1;
:
continuous rod cigarette machines and is in
tended to receive the cigarettes as they issue in a
Fig. 3 isan end elevation partly in section of
‘
single line from the cutoff and deliver them in» the device shown in Fig. 1;
.
Fig. 4 is a sectional end elevation on the line
5 aligned row formation.
'
Y
,
,
, ,
The general object of the present invention is 4_4 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line 5_5 of
to improve certain types of collectors particularly
Y
,
of the general type disclosed in the application Fig. l;
Fig.V 6 is a sectional plan view through the col
for Letters Patent of George W. Gwinn, Serial
10 #698,20'7, filed November 15th, 1933, in a number
lector drum on the line 6_6 of Fig. 7;
Fig. ’l is a sectional side elevation on the line
of respects, for the purpose of improving the op
‘I_‘l of Fig. 6;
eration of these collectors, particularly in the
Fig. 8 is an end elevation in section on the line
matter of decreasing the possibility of injury to
the cigarettes, and increasing their speed and 8_8 of Fig. 6;
1 Ul reliability.
Fig. 9 is a sectional view in end elevation show 15
ing a modified form of the collector drum;
An important object of the invention is to
Figs. l0, 1l, 12 and 13 are detail plan views
render the operation of drum type or similai
showing successive operating positions of certain
endless conveyor collectors more reliable by
parts of the collector;
maintaining a positive grip on the cigarettes to
Fig. lll is a plan view partly in section and with
a point alongside and adjacent the drum or con
certain overlying parts omitted to show the parts
veyor and cigarette receiving means thereon.
Still another object is to provide for ejecting below of a modified form of the invention, not
employing suction;
,
short pieces or out of time cigarette portions re
Fig. 15 is a sectional end elevation on the line
sulting when the cigarette machine is started up
I5_I5 of Fig. 14.
l0 Si
‘_‘5 or defectively operated so that no short cigarettes
In carrying the invention into effect by the
will be packed.
Another object of the invention is to provide particular v embodiments herein illustrated, the
cigarette collector comprises devices for forward
collecting means which will not injure the ciga
ing a line of cigarettes endwise, together With a
rette ends nor stop the cigarettes so abruptly so
rotating drum or traveling conveyor alongside the 31)
as to produce “white collars” at the cigarette ends
line having cigarette retaining means thereon,
and to prevent crushing in of the delicate corners
said devices including means for gripping the
of the cigarettes adjacent the edges of the paper
cigarettes of said line and carrying them while
wrapper. To this end the invention provides a
still gripped alongside said drum or conveyor,
,_ relieved or perforated conveyor construction to
and a pusher for periodically engaging and push
3" avoid pressure on the cigarette ends, particularly
ing the cigarettes from Within the grip of said
where a cigarette is gripped between conveyors.
means to the drum or conveyor, thereby main
Another object is to provide a device which will
not only prevent injury tothe cigarette ends but taining control of the cigarettes. It is also pref
erable in the form shown, though some aspects of
will actually improve them by eliminating “whisk
ers” and/or slightly compact said ends, thus de
creasing the likelihood that crumbs of tobacco
will get into the mouths of the smokers. With
these and a number of other objects in view which
will appear in the description of the invention,
the invention consists in certain constructions
and combinations which will be hereinafter fully
described and then particularly pointed out in
the claims hereunto appended.
In the accompanying drawings, which form a
part of this speciñcation and in which like char
acters ci reference indicate the same or like
parts,
Fig. 1 is a plan view partly in section of the
»57, improved cigarette collector;
the invention are not limited to such a construc
tion, that the retaining means comprise suction
openings for holding cigarettes on the drum or
conveyor by suction, in combination with devices
for supplying suction to said opening. In one
preferred form of the invention, a short piece re- l’
movingprong is included together with means
for giving said prong movement into the spaces
between successive cigarettes in the line to eject
short or out of time cigarettes such as result when
the rod breaks and the machine is started. In
another preferred form illustrated a tapping
plate is arranged to engage the ends of the. ciga
rettes when in side by side row formation and .in
the best form, convex bosses are provided coact
ing with said plate to compact the cigarette ends. 55
2
Ul
2,109,617
The various means referred to may be, varied
widely in construction within the scope of the
claims, for the particular device selected to illus
trate the invention is but one of many possible
trated, at the top- of the drum, (Figs. 8 and 9‘),
concrete embodiments of the same.
of the drum. As shown in Fig. '7, these belts are
spaced to engage the cigarettes near either end,
without interfering with the retaining means and
by their spacing serve to permit short pieces and
The inven
tion therefore is not to be restricted to the precise
details shown and described nor to the particular
embodiments chosen as .illustrative of the inven
tion.
Referring now to the drawings, one embodiment
10
of the invention is shown in 1?‘igs. l to 9 inclusive.
Suitable driving structure is provided in this
mechanism consisting of a main shaft il driven
in synchronization with the drive of the cigarette
machine, on which shaft is mounted a gear I2
driving a gear I3 on shaft i4 and a gear I5 on
shaft I6. A gear I'I on the shaft II engages with
gear I 8 on shaft i9 which carries a worm 25 in
engagement with gear 2| on the shaft 22 carrying
the catcher drum 23. A gear 24 on the shaft II
drives gear 25 on shaft 26 and gear 21 on shaft
28 which in turn meshes with gear 25 through an
idler gear 25 on a stud 30. Thus, all parts of the
collector are inter-connected and drive the oper
ating parts in timed relation to the operation of
the cigarette machine and particularly the cutoff
therein in which the cigarettes are cut just prior
to being received by the collector on the line 23a.
For pushing the cigarettes sidewise from the
line in which they are forwarded from the cut
off position, crank pins 26a and 23a respectively,
are provided on the shafts 26 and. 2S and on
these crank pins is mounted the pusher 3|. A
pair of conveyor belts 3ft and 35 driven by pulleys
32 and 33 on the shafts i4 and I5 (Figs. 1 and 2),
grip the cigarettes forwarded in single ñle from
the cutciî position and carry the cigarettes
into the range of action of said pusher and along
side the collector drum 23. Since these belts
positively grip a cigarette between them, there
results complete control over the position of the
cigarette at the time that it is pushed by pusher 3I
to the drum 23 and thus accurate alignment on
the drum of the cigarette ends is produced.
These belts are operated at a speed somewhat
greater than the rod speed of the cigarette ma
chine for the purpose of spacing the cigarettes
and thus avoiding any possible rubbing of their
ends as the foremost cigarette is displaced to
ward the drum. rI‘he catcher drum 23 in the form
illustrated is provided with longitudinal cavities
23a in the bottom of which are suction openings
23h which serve as intake ports for a source of
suction connected to the drum. These openings
act as cigarette retaining devices for holding the
cigarettes on the drum as will appear later.
Un
der some circumstances, the cavities alone may
serve as retaining devices or the suction ports
alone may serve this purpose. The timing of the
60 drum and pusher is such that the pusher acts to
push one cigarette into the range of action of
the cigarette retaining means as that cigarette
retaining means arrives adjacent the belts 34 and
35. The suction, from a suitable source of suction
65 communicates with the interior of the drum 23
through a tube 35 which connects with a suction
chamber 3'I as shown in Figs. 6, 7 and 8. A rela
tively stationary va-lve block 38 which ñts closely
the interior surface of the hollow drum 23, except
70 for a ninety degree space at the position along
the periphery of the drum at which cigarette
retention is desired, permits the desired suction
on the cigarettes along this sector. After the
cigarettes have arrived at a desired position on
`the periphery of the drum, in the form illus
they are carried from the drum by side delivery
belts 39 traveling in peripheral grooves in the
drum underlying the cigarette engaging surfaces
crumbs to drop out.
The valve 38 may be adjusted to vary some 10
what the point at which the cigarettes are seized
and released by loosening a set screw 38a thread
ed into the valve block and shiftable in a slot 38h
(Fig. 4) in the suction conduit sleeve 35a. For
the purpose of securing accurate alignment of the 15
cigarette ends on the drum and on the side de
livery belts, an end positioning or aligning de
vice as shown in Figs. l, 2 and. 3 is provided. A
tapper plate or pusher blade 4B is slidably mount
ed on frame 35h carrying the belt 35 and is recip 20
r'ocated through a crank pin 4I and connecting
rod 4 la to cause the tapper to engage the ends of
the cigarettes on the drum and push them against
a flange 23C, thus producing positive and exact
alignment of the cigarettes. The flange 23e is 25
provided opposite each suction port with slightly
convex bosses 23d so that when the tapper pushes
the cigarettes against the flange these bosses
slightly compact or indent the tobacco in the
ends of the cigarettes thus pressing in any 30
whiskers and decreasing the possibility that
crumbs will come out of the ends of the cigarettes
in the mouth of the cigarette smoker.
The support 35a of the conveyor belt 35 is
hinged at one end on pin 42 (Figs. l, 2 and 4), 35
and at the other end is adjustably supported as
shown in Fig. 5 by a screw ¿i3 permitting raising
or lowering the belt 35 to suit diiïerent size cig
arettes. The corresponding adjustment is made
near the drive end of the belt 35 by turning stud 40
M right or left as required. Stud 44 has a iiat
surface 44a a little in on the body of the stud,
and the belt 35 contacts with this, when the belt
is adjusted for the maximum diameter of the cig
arette. For smaller cigarettes, screw 43 is turned 45
to lower belt 35 and stud lill is turned so that the
corner of the fiat portion referred to bears on
the belt, thus lowering that end of the belt.
For the purpose of preventing any injury to
the ends and in particular to the delicate corner 50
portions of the cigarettes, the lower belt 34 has
elongated relief openings 34h which are so ar
ranged along the length of the belt that they reg
ister with the entry of a cigarette end between
the belts S4 and 35 and thus avoid pressure on 55
the delicate ends of the cigarette, the gripping
pressure acting back of said end on the body
portion of the cigarette. To insure proper tim
ing of the belts t4 and 35, they are perforated
at 35o which perforations are engaged by sprocket 60
teeth 34a on the drive pulleys 32 and 33.
In order to eject short cigarette pieces and out
of time cigarettes which are ordinarily defective,
"and which commonly result from starting up the
machine, especially when the machine stopped as 65
a result of a broken rod, a prong or narrow
pusher element Sla is adjustably secured by a set
screw SIb on the pusher 3l. The positioning of
this prong is such that it passes in between the
cigarettes as they are spaced by the belts 34 and
35 so that if any short or out of time piece is in
this space, it will be kicked out and never arrive
amongst the good cigarettes. The operation of
this device together with that of the pusher 3I
is illustrated in detail in Figs. l0 to 13 inclusive.
3
2,109,617
For better control of the cigarettes in a modified
form of the invention where no short piece ejector
still4 gripped adjacent said structure, and a dis
is employed, the ledger tube 5I leading from the
cutoff, which in continuous rod cigarette ma
within the gripl of said means into said retaining
chines has a reciprocating movement following
the cigarette rod, may be provided with a pair
of guide prongs Sla which guide the cigarettes
against lateral displacement until within the grip
of the belts (Figs. l and 2).
A modified form of the invention is shown in
Fig. 9, in which the drum 53 is without longitu
dinal cavities, the suction ports 23h. alone being
relied upon to retain the cigarettes. The con
struction of this form is otherwise the same as
the preferred form.
In another modified form of the invention,
shown in Figs. 14 and 15, suction may be» dis
pensed with, the .cigarettes being pushed into
cavities 55 in a solid drum 55. In this form a
20 guard 51 extending from feeding position to dis
charging position is provided to insure that the
cigarettes remain on the drum at high speed.
In this form it has been found desirable to make
the cavities much deeper but of relatively short
25 length in a pair of spaced peripherally arranged
series 58 and 59, as shown in Fig. 14, so that the
cavities may enter cut out portions S0 in a load
ing table 6|. Aside from the feature just re
ferred to and the elimination of all suction means,
30 this form is similar to the perforated form illus
trated. in Figs. l to 9; In the last mentioned
form, rather deep cavities alone, or with the aid
of the spring guard 51 having a curved end 51h
adjacent the cigarettes therein, retain the ciga
35 rettes on the drum, the surface 51a of' the guard
pressing cn the cigarettes to frictionally retard
their endwise movement.
The advantages of the vacuum drum at higher
speeds include valuable braking or retarding effect
40 on the cigarettes, slowing them up without injury
to their ends. Also the shallower cavities or
smooth drum, particularly the latter, are more
self clearing in the event that an open or uncut
rod, out of line or short cigarettes, etc., get to
45 the drum.
Other advantages are referred to in
the above mentioned application.
The braking
action of the vacuum drum may be explained by
noting that the suction created therein is applied
50
to successive -cigarettes during their movement
therealong, thus tending to hold each cigarette
stationary and thereby gradually retarding and
ñnally halting its longitudinal movement.
In the operation of the suction catcher illus
trated, it will be noted that (as shown in Figs. 8
55 and 9), the pusher stops short of the drum by a
distance greater than the width of the cigarette.
While this is not necessary in some forms, this
>is desirable because it is preferred to have the stop
iiange 23C alittle higher than the cigarette width
60 to operate equally on all parts of the end, and
this distance between pusher and drum enables
the pusher to clear the flange. Also the pusher
travels at a speed which may approximate that
of the cigarettes before the suction takes effect
so that it is desirable that the faster moving
pusher should not squeeze the cigarette already
lretarded by the action of suction against the
drum.
What is claimed is:
l. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, an endless travelling structure adjacent
said line having cigarette retaining means there
on, said devices including means for gripping the
cigarettes of said'- line and carrying them- while
placer periodically displacing-the cigarettes from
means.
-
2. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, an endless travelling structure adjacent
said line having cigarette retaining means there
on, said devices including means for gripping the
cigarettes of said line and carrying them while
still gripped adjacent said structure, and a dis
placer periodically displacing the cigarettes from
1,0
within the grip of said means into said retaining
means, said retaining means comprising suction
openings for holding cigarettes on said structure
by suction and devices for supplying suction to
saidA openings.
'
3. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, said devices including means having op 20
posed travelling surfaces for gripping the ciga
rettes of said line, and a displacer periodically
displacing the cigarettes sidewise from withinV the
grip- of said means, said displacer including a
cigarette engaging part and means for giving said 25
part movement sidewise relative to the cigarette
to displace said cigarette and along the same to
follow-its movement.
4. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices _for forwarding a line of cigarettes 30
endwise, an endless travelling structure alongside
said line having cigarette retaining means> there
on, said devices including means for gripping the
cigarettes of said line and carrying them while
still gripped alongside said structure, a» displacer 35
periodically displacing the cigarettes from within
the grip of said means into said retaining means,
said gripping means comprising a pair of opposed
endless belts, and means for giving said belts a
movement greater than that of the cigarette rod 40
to space said cigarettes.
5. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, a rotating element alongside said line,
Said element having cigarette retaining means 45
thereon, said devices including means for grip
ping the cigarettes of said line and carrying them
while still gripped alongside said element, and a
pusher periodically engaging and pushing the
cigarettes from within the grip of said meansA to 50
said retaining means.
’
6. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, a drum alongside said line rotating about
an axis substantially-parallel with said line, said 55
drum having cigarette retaining means thereon,
said devices including means for gripping the cig
arettes of said line and carrying them while still
gripped alongside said drum, and a- pusher’peri
odically engaging and pushing the cigarettes from 60
within the grip ~of said means into engagement
with said drum.
7. A cigarette collector comprising in combina
tion, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
endwise, a drum alongside saidr line, said drum
having cigarette retaining means thereon, said 65
devices including means for gripping the ciga
rettes of said line and carrying them While still
gripped alongside said drum, and a pusher peri
odically engaging and pushing the cigarettes from
within the grip of said means into engagementV 70
with said drum, said drum having cavities there
into receive the cigarettes
8. In a cigarette machine, the combination
Withjmeansfor forwarding cigarettes in an end
75
4
2,109,617
wise moving line, means for engaging the ciga
rettes and speeding them up to space successive
cigarettes, and an element adapted to enter the
space between said cigarettes, and means for giv
C11 ing said element movement into the spaces be
tween successive cigarettes to eject misplaced
cigarettes or cigarette pieces.
9. In a cigarette machine, the combination
with means for forwarding cigarettes in an end
10
wise moving line, means for engaging the ciga
rettes and speeding them up to space successive
cigarettes, a misplaced cigarette or cigarette piece
removing prong, means for giving said prong
movement into the spaces between successive
cigarettes, and means acting on the line of ciga
rettes beyond said prong to move cigarettes trans
versely from said endwise moving line into a
sidewise moving row.
10. In a cigarette machine, the combination
with means for forwarding cigarettes in an end
wise moving line, means for engaging the ciga
rettes and speeding them up to space successive
cigarettes, a misplaced cigarette or cigarette
piece removing element, and means for giving said
element movement into the spaces between suc
cessive cigarettes, and along said line to cause the
element to follow the movement of the cigarettes.
11. In a cigarette machine, the combination
with means for forwarding cigarettes in an end
30 wise moving line, means for engaging the ciga
rettes and speeding them up to space successive
cigarettes, a short piece removing prong, means
for giving said prong movement into the spaces
between successive cigarettes, and a pusher act
ing on the line of cigarettes beyond said prong to
move cigarettes transversely from said endwise
moving line into a sidewise moving row, said ele
ment being mounted on said pusher for movement
therewith.
40
12. Means for receiving cigarettes moving end
wise and spacing the same, comprising opposed
elements having endless travelling gripping sur
faces for gripping and forwarding the cigarettes,
at least one of said elements having its gripping
surface cut away at spaced positions to register
with the ends of the cigarettes gripped thereby to
relieve the gripping pressure at the cigarette ends.
13. Means for receiving cigarettes moving end
wise and spacing the same, comprising opposed
50 elements having endless travelling gripping sur
faces for gripping and forwarding the cigarettes,
one of said elements consisting of a belt having
perfcrations registering with the cigarette ends,
and means driving said belt in timed relation to
the movement of said cigarettes.
14. In a continuous rod cigarette machine in
which a line of cigarettes are forwarded endwise,
the combination with mechanism for displacing
the cigarettes sidewise from said line -to arrange
60 the cigarettes side by side in a row formation,
and means for aligning the ends of cigarettes of
said row comprising a tapping plate arranged to
engage the ends of the cigarettes along one side of
the row, and devices for imparting a rectilinear
axial reciprocating motion to said tapping plate.
15. In a continuous rod cigarette machine in
which aline of cigarettes are forwarded endwise,
the combination with mechanism for displacing
the cigarettes sidewise from said line to arrange
the cigarettes side by side in a row formation,
and means for aligning the ends of cigarettes of
said row comprising a tapping plate arranged to
engage the ends of the cigarettes along one side
of the row, devices for imparting a rectilinear
axial reciprocating motion to said tapping plate,
and a back stop- plate along the other side of said
row, said tapping plate reciprocating towards said
stop plate to push the cigarettes against said
stop plate for accurately aligning their ends.
16. In a cigarette collector, the combination
with means for forwarding cigarettes endwise,
of mechanism for displacing the cigarettes from
said forwarding means sidewise to arrange the
cigarettes in side by side row formation, and
means comprising a plate extending along the 10
ends of the cigarettes at one side of the row and
a tapping plate arranged to engage the o-ther
ends of the cigarettes along the other side of the
row, and devices for imparting a reciprocating
motion to said tapper towards said plate to push
the cigarettes against said plate, at least one
element of said plate and said tapper including
convex bosses for engagement with the end of
the cigarette to compact said ends.
1'7. Mechanism for improving the tobacco ends 20
of cigarettes comprising a support for cigarettes,
a device providing a convex boss adjacent the end
of each cigarette, and means producing relative
displacement of the boss and cigarette to cause the
boss to enter the wrapper of the cigarette to 25
compact and smooth said end.
ì 18. Mechanism for improving the tobacco ends
of cigarettes comprising a support for cigarettes,
a device providing a convex boss adjacent the
end of each cigarette, and means producing rela
tive displacement of the boss and cigarette to
cause the boss to enter within the wrapper of the
cigarette to compa-ct and smooth said end, said
support including means for advancing the ciga
rettes sidewise.
19. The combination with a cigarette collector,
including mechanism for displacing cigarettes
sidewise from an endwise moving line, of means
acting on the ends of the displaced cigarettes and
entering within the wrapper thereof to compact ~'
said ends.
20. In a continuous rod cigarette machine, in
which cigarettes are forwarded endwise in a single
line, the combination with a rotary drum rotating
in a direction transverse to said line and having a ’
smooth circular periphery with a series of suc
tion openings therein for engaging and holding
the cigarettes, and a suction chamber communi
cating with said openings, whereby the cigarettes
are held on the drum by suction, and means co- '
acting with said line and said drum to cause said
cigarettes to move horizontally into the range of
action of the suction openings to cause the ciga
rettes to be picked up by said openings and dis
placed sidewise.
V21. The combination with collector means for
displacing cigarettes sidewise, of mechanism for
forwarding cigarettes endwise into the range of
action of said means including opposed gripping
devices arranged on opposite sides of and along
the path of endwise travel of said cigarettes, and
means for hingedly supporting one of said devices
for bodily movement away from the path of the
cigarettes to open the space between the devices.
22. The combination with collector means for
displacing cigarettes sidewise, of mechanism for
forwarding cigarettes endwise into the range of
action of said means including opposed gripping
devices arranged on opposite sides of and along 70
the path of endwise travel of said cigarettes, and
means for hingedly supporting one of said devices
for bodily movement away from the path of the
cigarettes to open the space between, one of said
devices consisting of a belt hinged to permit one 75
fs
end of its operating run to swingabout the other
end of said run.
f
23. In a continuous rod cigarette machine, a
ledger tube from which cigarettes are delivered
longitudinally in a line, means provided with op»
posed travelling converging gripping surfaces for
receiving cigarettes> from said tube andforwar'd.
action of 'said ports whereby the action iof the
suction ports on said cigarettes retardsl their
endwise Yfnfiotion, and stop means positioned to
stop any cigarettes travelling more thana pre
determined distance a'fter being acted on'by the
ports, said conveying means including a pusher
and operating means therefor displacing fcig
arettes toward said ports.
ing the same therefrom, and a longitudinal guide
of cigarette Width or less entering the cigarette
gripping space between said belts for guiding the
longitudinal motion of said cigarettes from ledger
tion with a structure having an endless series of
tube until fully gripped by said surfaces.
suction ports travelling transversely of said »line
24` In a continuous rod cigarette machine, a
ledger tube from which cigarettes are delivered
longitudinally in a line, means provided with op~
posed travelling converging gripping -surfaces for
receiving cigarettes from said tube and forward
ing the same therefrom, and a longitudinal guide
29. In a continuous rod cigarette machine de
livering cigarettes endwise in line, the combina
and adapted tc retain cigarettes on said struc
ture, of mechanism for conveying
livered from the cigarette machine
ping endwise ltravel thereof, into
action of said ports whereby the
cigarettes de
without stop
the range of
action ofthe
suction ports on said cigarettes -retards their end
of cigarette Width or less entering the cigarette Wise motion, and stop means positioned to Istop
gripping space between said belts for Uguidi-'ng the Yany cigarettes travelling more vthan >a predeter
iongitudinal motion of said cigarettes from -ledger mineddistance after being acted on'by the-ports,
tube until fully gripped by said surfaces, said
guide comprising guide prongs secured to the
ledger tube for reciprocatio'n therewith, on either
side of the ‘path of the cigarette.
25. In a continuous rod cigarette machine deà
iiverin'g cigarettes endwise 'in line, the combinaî
tion with a structure having an endless series of
suction ports travelling transversely of said line
f and adapted to retain cigarettes on said strucà
ture, of mechanism for conveying cigarettes de
livered from the cigarette machine without stopî
ping endwise travel thereof, into the range of
action of said ports whereby the action of the 'suc
tion ports on Vsaid cigarettes retards their endwise
motion, and stop means positioned to stop any
cigarettes travelling 'more than a predetermined
distance after being acted on by the ports.
26. In a continuous rod cigarette machine de
> livering cigarettes endwise in line, the combina
tion with a structure having an endless series of
suction ports travelling transversely of said line
and adapted to retain cigarettes on said struc
ture, of mechanism for conveying cigarettes de
livered from the cigarette machine without stop
ping endwise travel thereof, into the range of ac
tion of said ports whereby the action of the suc
tion ports on said cigarettes retards their end
wise motion, and stop means positioned to stop
any cigarettes travelling more than a predeter
mined distance after being acted on by the ports,
said stop means comprising a flange travelling
with said ports.
27. In a continuous rod cigarette machine de
livering cigarettes endwise in line, the combina
tion with a structure having an endless series
of suction ports travelling transversely of said
line and adapted to retain cigarettes on said
structure, of mechanism for conveying cigarettes
60 delivered from the cigarette machine without
stopping endwise travel thereof, into the range
of action of said ports whereby the action of the
suction ports on said cigarettes retards their end
wise motion, and stop means positioned to stop
any cigarettes travelling more than a predeter
mined distance aft-er being acted on by the ports,
said structure comprising a rotary drum.
28. In a, continuous rod cigarette machine de
livering cigarettes endwise in line, the combina
the displacing movement of said pusher falling
short of the ports by more than a cigarette width.
¿30; In a continuous rod cigarette machine-'de
iiverin'g `cigarettes endwise in line, the combina
tion with a structure having an endless series
of suction ports travelling transversely of said
line and adapted to retain cigarettes on `sai‘d
structure, of mechanism for conveying cigarettes
delivered from the cigarette machine without
stopping endwise travel thereof, «into the range
25
of action of said ports whereby the action of
the suction ports on said cigarettes retards their
endwise motion, and stop vmeans positioned î¿to
stop any cigarettes travelling more than apre 35
determined distance after being acted on by the
ports, said stop means comprising a wall projectw
ing 'substantially a cigarette Width beyond said
ports toward said conveying mechanism, said
conveying means including a pusher and oper
ating means moving said pusher to'ward, along
and away from the line of cigarettes but at 'no
time within a cigarette width of the ports, to
permit the pusher to clear said wall. .
31. In a continuous rod cigarette machine de
livering cigarettes endwise in a line, the combi
nation with a device having a suction port there
in travelling transversely of said line, of mecha
nism for conveying cigarettes delivered from the
cigarette machine .without stopping endwise
travelling thereof into the range of action of said
suction portiwhereby the action of the port on
the cigarettes retards their endwise motion, and
stop means positioned to stop any cigarettes trav
elling more than a predetermined distance while
being acted on by said port.
32. In a continuous cigarette machine from
which cigarettes issue endwise in a line, a struc
ture having an endless surface travelling past
said line, a plurality of series of cigarette re 60
taining devices projecting from said surface, said
retaining devices being spaced apart in a direc
tion parallel to said line, a table adjacent said
structure having spaced gaps through each of
which one of said series of retainers pass,¿and
means displacing said cigarettes from said‘line
onto said table over the gaps to be picked up by
said retaining devices.
and adapted to retain cigarettes on said struc
ture, of mechanism for conveying cigarettes de
livered from the cigarettermachine without stop
33. In a cigarette collector for receiving cig
arettes moving endwisel in a line and delivering
them in side by side row formation, the combina
tion with means having opposed travelling 'grip
ping surfaces arranged to grip the cigarettes and
forward them endwise, a pusher, and means giv
ping endwise travel thereof, into the range of
_ing Said pusher periodic motion transversely of 75
tion with a structure having an endless series of
suction ports travelling transversely of said line
6
2,109,617
said endwise forwarded cigarettes to displace> the
cigarettes sidewise from within the grip of said
sidewise from said line by a horizontal motion
only and directly to said receiving means, and
means.
relatively stationary mechanism frictionally en
gaging the cigarettes during sidewise displace
ment to retard their longitudinal movement.
37. A cigarette collector comprising in combi
nation, devices for forwarding a line of cigarettes
34. In a cigarette collector for receiving cig
arettes moving endwise in a line and delivering
them in side by side row formation, the combina
tion with means having opposed travelling grip
ping surfaces arranged to grip the cigarettes and
endwise, an endless travelling structure horizon
forward them endwise, a pusher, and means giv
tally adjacent said line having cigarette receiv
10 ing said pusher periodic motion transversely of
ing means thereon, a horizontally moving dis
said endwise forwarded cigarettes to displace the
cigarettes sidewise from within the grip of said
means, said means including opposed belts and
said pusher having a portion arranged to pass
15 between said belts.
placer for periodically displacing cigarettes side
35. In a continuous rod cigarette machine in
which a line of cigarettes are forwarded end
wise, the combination with a drum arranged
alongside said line for carrying cigarettes trans
20 versely thereof, means for displacing cigarettes
sidewise from said line to said drum, without
stopping the endwise motion of said cigarettes,
a flange fixed to said drum in the path of the
forward end of the cigarettes displaced onto said
25 drum, and means for pushing the cigarettes on
wise from said line by a horizontal motion only
and directly to said receiving means, and rela
tively stationary mechanism frictionally engag
ing the cigarettes during sidewise displacement
to retard their longitudinal movement, said
mechanism comprising a spring having a cig
arette engaging surface extending onto the path
of sidewise displacement of the cigarettes.
38. A cigarette collector comprising in com 20
bination, devices for forwarding a line of cig
arettes endwise, an endless travelling structure
adjacent said line having cigarette receiving
means thereon, a displacer for periodically dis
placing cigarettes sidewise horizontally only from
said drum not having their forward ends in en
said line to said receiving means, and relatively
gagement with said flange, against said flange to
align the cigarettes thereon.
stationary mechanism frictionally engaging the
36. A cigarette collector comprising in com
bination, devices for forwarding a line of cig
arettes endwise, an endless travelling structure
cigarettes during sidewise displacement to re
tard their longitudinal movement, and means im
parting longitudinal travel to said displacer to 30
follow the endwise movement of the cigarettes.
horizontally adjacent said line having cigarette
receiving means thereon, a horizontally moving
displacer for periodically displacing cigarettes
10
GEORGE W. GWINN.
JAMES W. LEARY.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 226 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа