Патент USA US2109635код для вставки
March 1, 1938. E. c. FERRIS 2,109,635 GUTTER SCRAPER March 25. 193s _Ig fz l i ff? ff? ' @i375- , Patented Mar. 1, 1938 2,109,635 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE> 2,109,635 GUTTER SCRAPER Eugene C. Ferris, Harvard, Ill., assignor to Star line Inc., Harvard, Ill., a corporation ofv Illi nois Application March 25, 1936A, Serial No. 70,727 3 Claims. (Cl. 1,5-236) An object of this invention is to» provide an ef a central member I4 to which is secured a socket ficient and inexpensive scraper for use in clean ing the side walls of gutters of cattle barns and or the like I5 as by riveting, spot-welding, braz the like. These gutters are located at the rear ing, or the like, and a handle I6 is secured there in which is preferably placed at an angle to the f of the cow stalls and have flat bottoms and par allel vertical walls. It is comparatively easy toI central member. Lateral extending members Il 5 I3 are made of spring material and are adjust clean the bottom of the gutter with a shovel, but it is not so easy to clean the side walls of the ably secured tothe central member as by means of bolts I9 which extend through holes in one gutter. The result is that a hard deposit accu mulates on the side walls of the gutter which is of these members and through horizontal slots 20 difficult to remove. The statutory requirements in the other, and are secured thereto by means 10 of wing nuts 2| or the like. These laterally are making it more and more imperative to- more thoroughly clean all parts of the cow stall. This extending members are preferably provided with invention is provided to- overcome this difliculty. spaced slots 22 at their outer edges so as to pro vide a series of scraper fingers 23. The members This and other objects, as will hereinafter ap pear, are accomplished by this invention which I1, I8 are also preferably made as high as the 15 is fully described in the following specification higher vertical walls I3c so that either side of the and shown in the accompanying drawing, in scraper may be used to scrape either wall. which In use the scraper is placed in the gutter to Figure l is a perspective view of a gutter be cleaned and the side scrapers adjusted by means of wing nuts 2| so as to- substantially 20 shown partially in cross section with one embodi ñt in the gutter as illustrated, the scraper rest ment of the gutter scraper placed therein in op ing upon the bottom of the gutter. The operator erative position; Fig. 2 is an enlarged horizontal section on the then grasps the handle I6 and movesl the scraper forward and backward thereby breaking loose broken line 2--2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a front elevation of a modified form of scraper; Fig. 4 is a section on the broken line 4-4 of Fig. 3 ; 30 Fig. 5 is a front elevation of still another mod ii'led form of the scraper; Fig. 6 is a section on the broken line 6--6 of Fig. 5; and Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of scraper. The embodiment shown in Fig. 1 comprises a cow stall having a floor I0 which may be di vided up into cow stalls by means of partitions Il, the top of which is shown broken away. At 40 the rear of the coW stalls is a runway I2, pref from the sides of the gutter any accumulated 25 matter and thoroughly cleaning these sides. This will usually be done after the gutter has ñrst been roughly cleaned by means of a fork or shovel. In Figs. 3 and 4 is shown a modified form of 30 the scraper in which the central portion || 4 is similarly provided with a handle H6, and has laterally extending members ||'I, ||8 which are provided with rivets ||9 which are loosely fitted at each side in slots |20. These lateral members 35 are provided with upstruck ears Illa, ||8a hav ing openings through which pass- rods |24. A compression spring |25 surrounds each of these rods and serves toI press the lateral members out wardly. 'I'hus as this scraper is moved backward 40 erably at a lower level than that of the cow stalls, and separated therefrom by a gutter I3 which has a bottom -|3a and side walls |3b, |30. 'I'hese and forward in the gutter, its laterally extend ing fingers |23 are forced into contact with the side Walls are preferably vertical, parallel and 'I'he stall material deposited thereupon. 45 equidistantly spaced from each other. runway and gutter are preferably made of con crete. ~ As previously stated, it is comparatively easy to clean the bottom of the gutter but much of the material in the gutter clings to the side walls and is removed therefrom with difûculty. This material in time becomes very hard. 'I'he three forms of Scrapers herein illustrated are adapted to remove it. 'I'he scraper shown in Figs. 1 and 2 comprises sides of the gutter and serve to scrape free any y In Figs. 5 and 6 is shown still another modifi- 45 cation of the invention having a central mem ber 2 I4 provided with a handle 2|6 and to which are hingedly mounted lateral members 2|'|, 2|8. These are preferably provided at their side edges with lingers 223. The member 2|4 has a U shaped member 226 secured thereto as by means 50 of rivets or spot-welding. Rods 221, 228 pass through openings in opposite sides of the mem ber 226 so as to be guided therein and are hinged ly connected at their outer ends to ears 229, 230 55 n 2,109,635 respectively Which are carried by the lateral members 2l1, 2I8. The rod 221 is threaded and has a nut 23| screwed therein so as to serve as a stop to limit the outward movement of its mem ber 2I1. A spring 232 presses against the nut 23| and urges it toward its outermost position in ccn tact with the member 22B. The rod 228 is sim ilarly provided with a nut and spring. ‘ Thus it will be seen in the embodiment shown in Figs. 5 and 6 the scraper members are hinged 10 ly and yieldingly mounted on the central member, and are provided with means for adjusting the scraper members to different widths of the gut I claimì 1. A gutter ‘scraping device comprising a cen tral body member of a less length than the space between the gutter walls, means supporting said body in scraping contact with the bottom of said gutter and at substantially right angles to the side Walls thereof, including a rigid, elongated handle, and relatively rigid side wall scraping elements adjustably mounted on opposite sides of said central member to engage the opposite side walls 10 of said gutter. ' 2. A scraping device for the spaced side walls of an open top gutter comprising a substantially rigid central member having a non-yielding scraping edge adapted to rest upon the bottom of the gutter, an elongated handle rigidly secured ters. In Fig. 7 is shown a modified form of scraper having a body 3I4 and a handle 3I6. Scraper to said central member at an acute angle so as to disks 3 I 1 are each provided with shafts 3 I 8 which extend abcve'the gutter walls While supporting are journaled in suitable bearings in the body vthe central member in a substantially vertical and are slidable endwise therein, and have scrap ' plane between said Walls, and said central mem ber having a relatively yieldable side Wall scrap 20 er wires or fingers 3I9 adapted to engage the side Walls of the gutter as shown. A spring 320 ñts ing portion adjustably connected to said central over reduced portions of the shafts and bears at member to extend in substantially the plane of each end on each shaft and is adapted to yield the supporting edge thereof and engage the op 30 ingly press the brushes outwardly into Contact with the gutter side walls. Thus, as the scraper posite'side Walls of the gutter. is moved back and forth, the brushes slide or ro tate over the side walls of the gutter and serve to clean these Walls of materials deposited there gated rigid handle, a substantially rectangular center plate having an elongated scraping edge, said plate being rigidly connected to one end of on. said handle so as to extend at an acute angle In some cases, the gutter, instead of being level onY the bottom, slopes toward the stall floor, as shown in Fig. '1. The scrapers adapt themselves to this condition. While I have shown and described but aY few embodiments of my invention, it is to be under stood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in the construction and ar rangement may be made Which do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention as dis 40 closed in the appended claims. 3. A gutter scraping tool comprising an elon thereto when supported thereby on said edge in a vertical position on the bottom of said gutter, and other scraper plates adjustably connected to opposite side edge portions of said center plate, said other scraper plates having relatively yield 35 able outer scraping edge portions supported in substantially the plane of the lower supporting edge portion of said central plate and in engage ment with the opposite side Walls of the gutter.y ‘ EUGENE C. FERRIS.