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Патент USA US2109813

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March 1, S1938.
-2,109,813
G. A. F. .WINCKLER ÁUTOMATICALLY LIGHTED LI-FESAVING RING BUOY '
Filed Oct. 29,~ 1954
_ „ ä_ „/
3 Sheets-Sheet l
March 1, 1938.
2,109,813
G. A. F. wlNcKLER
AÚTOMATICALLY LIGHTED LIFESAVINGRING BUOY
Filed OC'C. 29, 1934
v3 Sheets-Sheet 2
March l, 1938.
l
G, A_ F, WINCKLER
2,109,813
AUTOMATICALLY LIGHTED LIFESAVING RING ABUOY
'
Filed oct. 29, 1934
5. sheets-Sheet 3
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invento/:
G‘unnar?f” M//hc/f/e/î
fitto/'nef
Patented Mai'.v 1.-,
f '2,109,813 l
_UNITED STATES-PATENT OFFICE
.
_
2,109,813
>
AUTOMATICALLY LrGn'rEn LrFEsAvmG
_
_
'
_me Buoy
._
.Gunnar A. Fi winckler, worcester; Mass., mign
or to Winckler Engineering laboratories- I_ncorporated, Boston, Mass., a corporation o!
„Massachusetts
‘
‘
- ‘ Application october- ea, -1934, serrer No. 150,524"
'
-4 claims. (or. c_as)
Fig. 10 is aplan view of the same;
`
The in ention relates to an' automatic electri-V
Fig. 11 is an isometric exploded- view of thev
cally lig'l ted life-saving ring buoy which- when
_ immersed in the waters of the salt seas produces _ -negative electrode and depending members;
'Fig. 12 is an isometriceview of the _generatorv
light.- of which the following vis a specification.'I
' The invention consists of securing an electric >-casing and positive electrode :
'
5
Fig. u13 is an isometric composite view of the
generator and asignalling system such as a light
lng system to any type or ring buoy, and the
novelty resides in providing two signalling means
generator heads;
which will extend beyond both the top and bottom
sides of thebuoy, in suchmanner that the light
ing system will permit both lamps to be lighted,
the generator; andV
one on each side of the buoy, so that one _of these» '
_lamps willv be seen no matter which side of the- '
lamp socket and their' relation to the generator.
The main embodiment of the invention con
buoy is .immersed in the waters of' theseas.
sists of a. ring buoy I0 having signalling means l5
-
_
_"
»_
-
_ Fi‘g. 14 is a fragmentary view of the generator.
such as 'lamps connected to the lighting system _ showing how the electrolyte enters and leaves'
10
Y
Fig. 15 is an isometric view of the top of the
generator, showing the electric connections and '
The invention Ffurther consists of novel' details' at and .31 indicated as lamps which come into
of construction _of the generating unit and sup»---` action automatically and invariably and only
when the buoy isf dropped into the- sea, regard
_ porting members _which will permit the gener- _
ator to be used universally on this type of ma
rine _life-saving device. The novelty of the. device
lends itself to complete service and dependability,
20
less of the length of time that the buoy has been _
stored, and which requires no attention whatso- 20
ever during storage. 4either as to position or con
dition, the said buoy ~having at least one ¿casing
for this type of generator and'. lighting -system>
Aand derivesits particular utility in ‘that the con secured thereto and extendirigapproximately to
struction gives in'ñnite shel! life Vand maximumv the 'depthof the buoy, the said casing having
_power when put into-’loperationg~
'
'
`
. _ The object of 'the invention is to provide a
e generating lightirlgysystem- for, life <buoys whichv
_'_will permit two»- lamps V~_on opposite sides of. the
buoy and v_llziichlamps- automatically light when
30
Vthe life buoy isiimmersed in the waters ot the
salt seas. .This structure will not detract from
the utility of the buoy but will be'a tremendous
openings at 'both .ends for the inñux of water 25
_when the buoy is cast into the sea in accord
ance with the side- which is topmost, and also
serving as a negative electrode of a voltaic cell;
~ A pösitiveelectrode for said cell is disposed with- _
in the said casing in spaced relation thereto. the 30
‘ cell buoy being characterized by absolute freedom
_ _
from electrolyte during storage,- thus ensuring in- _
advantage as signalling device to fix. the posi vfinite shelf-life and infallible ability to come
tion of a person or persons in the waters of the -i'nto operation when the buoy is thrown into the
sea. A plurality of signalling’means 3G and 3l 35
Seas.
Referring to the figures it will `be seen thatà are provided, one _mounted oneach end 'of said
_
Fig. 1 isa side elevation or the life buoy ñoat
' ing in the water with the lamps in position;
Fig. 2 is a plan view of `the buoy, removed
40
from e the " water;
Fig. 3 is avertical >cross-section through a' cell. The cell thus will become energized and
part of the buoy and the generator;
45
casing, and circuits permanentlyconnect- said
signalling means with said cell.. so that when the
buoy ‘is cast into the sea. the casing will be ñll'ed `
with sea water serving' as an electrolyte for 'the 40
‘
both signalling means will -be brought into _op-
~
Fig. 4 is a front lelevation oi the‘ generating'-` eratio . that one which is topmost being sensible
'_ to the observer.
`
.
ß
Referring more ’speciñcally to the' drawings, .45
e Fig. 5 is a plan view` of the saine;- '
Fig. 6 is a horizontal cross-section through the which illustrate'the new _automatically lighted
lens, showing the electrical connections and lamp Vlife-saving ringbuoy i0, this buoy is shown as sockets;
.
i Fig. ’I'is afhorizontalcross-section through the-
made of material such as _cork and covered with
cloth in the usual manners'
¿
‘_ _
_
-
Formed in the buoy lois a» 4leîl which e'x- _5o
tends _through the buoy and when the said lbuoy
isdroppèd _intothe sea, the water vrises in the
-'electrodes of the generator: ‘
hole Il to the supportingfwater level of _the sea
Fig. 9 is a view,_'partly in section
in- elevation,v of a modiñed‘construction forisupf - toa carry out the working function of the‘-inven-’
easing, showing `one of the supporting heads;v
"Fig, 8 is a horizontal crossèsection through the
55 porting the generator; ‘
_
_
_
.
_
.
55
2
2,109,813
Located in the hole II is anelectrical generat
lng unit I2 held in position by a close flt. One
obvious way of ensuring this close ñt is to ma
chine the hole II under size, so/that when the
generating unit is forced into position with a
lamp visible on either side, the _grip of the cork
against the generator casing is suflicient to hold
it rigidly in position.
’
The generator is provided with an outer cas
10 ing I2 made of zinc which serves as a positive
electrode of the generator. The casing I2 is pro
vided with a sui‘ñcient number of supporting
devices to hold the various members in position
to make a complete self-contained unit. _
Concentric with the casing I2 is a negative
electrode I3, 'the poles of which are reversed and
connected to the electrical circuit. A free space
I 4 is provided between the electrodes I2 and I3
which permits the generator to come into action
20
automatically and invariably and only when the
buoy is dropped into the sea, regardless of the
length of time that the buoy has been stored, s‘o
that the generator requires no further attention
whatsoever during storage, the cell being char
acterized by absolute freedom from electrolyte
during storage, thus ensuring infinite shelf-life
‘iso
and infallible ability to come' into operation;
when the buoy is thrown into the sea.
The negative electrode I3 is constructed to ob
tain the highest efficiency possible for a unit of
given size. It is preferably of cylindrical shape.
Formed diametrically opposite each other are
the vertical rectangular slots I5, I 6, I1, and I8
(Fig. 11) . ' 'I‘he slots 4are _filled With ground car
35 bon I9 or -depolarizing mixture to increase the
polarization area of the negative electrode and in
thereby forming a rigid and durable cell struc
ture for the purpose speciiìed.
The screws 24 and 25-are shown as extending
above the nuts 26 and 21 suñlciently to serve as
contacts for the lamps 36 and 31 (Figs. 3 and 15) .
Lamp supports and current conductors 38 and
39 are shown in Figs. 3 and 15 as rigidly secured
to the edges of the positive electrode I2 at both
ends of the latter.
These members 38 and 39
preferably are made of wire having a plurality
of helical convolutions forming the lamp sockets
4U and 4I forthe lamps 36|and 31. The electro
lyte can surround the sockets Without short cir
cuiting the lamps, due to the fact that the resist
ance of the electrolyte is relatively higher than 15
the resistance of the lamp, and >having less con
ductivity, the water will not short circuit the
lamp circuit.
At both ends of the casing I2 I show, prefer
ably formed integrally thereon, outwardly extend 20
ing clip projections 42 and 45 which in the pre
ferred embodiment are peened over into the
grooves 44 and 45 (Figs. 3 and 4) of the lenses
46 and 41, thereby serving as supporting devices
for the said-lenses and leaving a space fiabe 25
tween the casing I2 and lenses 46 and 41 to allow
the electrolyte to enter in its path through the
free space I4 to the electrodes of the generator.
Figs. 9 and l0 show the same cell construction
adapted to a modified support for securing the 30
cell to the buoy. The illustrations show a gen
erating unit support which can be applied to any
form of ring buoy and which, as shown, consists
of two frames 49 and 50 madeof spring material.
The frame 49 is more or less flexible in its nature 35
and extends over the ring buoy I 0 and is shown
as held in position by the strap 5I by means of a
The ground carbon is held in position by a buckle. Secured to each member 49 and 5l] is a
cloth sleeve 20 formed over the negative elec Y sharp prong 52 which is forced into the cork ring
turn, to increase the efliciency of the generator.
40 trode member to prevent the ground carbon from
being moved away and to permit the electrolytic
ñuid topass in 'and around the ground carbon to
cover it to increase the polarization area. »
The negative electrode I3 is shown as supported
45 in a«.concentric position in the casing I2 by a
novel construction consisting of head members
2I and 22 (Fig. 3) made of insulatingmaterial.
As these heads are identical in construction, a
description of .one will be suiiìcient. Formed in
50 the heads 2| and 22 are inwardly extending an
nular projections 23 (Figs. 3 and 13) adapted to
receive the negative electrode including the cloth
cover 20 for holding the ground carbon in the
vertical slots I5, I6, I1, and I8 formed in the
55 negative electrode I3.
-
Formed in the supporting heads 2| and 22 are
the holes through which the screws 24 and 25
for locating and holding the structure in posi
forced against the edge, thereby opening the
space suiiiciently to allow the unit to enter, where
upon the frame 5U will then close over the gen
erating unit and will hold it securely in position.
This frame 50 is provided with bent over holding 50
ñngers 54, which extend over both edges of the
positive electrode I2, which- latter is heldin the
grip of. the spring frame 50, the fingers 54 pre
venting vertical movement, so that the generat
ing unit is held securely in position to be used 55
under varying emergency conditions if needed.
It is obvious that once the broad features are
extend, these latter being threaded into the nega
disclosed, many modifications and adaptations
tive electrode I3. 'I’he heads 2I and 22 are placed
will readily occur to those skilled in the art, all
falling within the ambit of my invention. Ac
cordingly, I intend that my invention be limited
only by the scope of the appended claims.
60 over .the ends of the electrode I3 and are cen
tered by the screws 24 and 25 so that the nuts 26
and 21 (Figs. 3 and 15) can be threaded on the
screws 24 and 25 for holding the negative elec
trode rigidly in position in relation to the heads.
65
Formed integral with the heads 2I and 22 are
outwardly extending projections 28 and 29 (Figs.
4, 7, 9, and 13) having registering shoulders 30
and 3| (Figs. 3 and 13) completing the structure
70 for supporting the negative electrode with pre-
cision in the positive electrode I2.
In assembling the structure the projections 28
and 29, having the shoulders 30 and 3|,- iit closely
into the slots 32, 33, 34 and 35 (Figs. '1, `12, and 15) -
75 formed in the positive- electrodeand casing I2,
40
tion. The frame 50 preferably is cylindrical in
shape and is made of spring material having an
opening 53 which allows the- generating unit to
be forced into position. The opening 53 is of suf
ñcient width to permit the generating „unit to be 45
What I> claim as new and desire to secure by
Letters Patent in the United States is:
1. A ring buoy having signalling means which 65
come into action automatically and invariably and
only when the buoy is dropped into the sea, re
gardless of the length of time that the buoy has
~ been stored, and which requires no attention
whatsoever during storage, either as to position 70
or condition, the said buoy having a hole there
through, a casing in said hole, the said casing hav
ing openings therein for the inilux of waterwhen
the buoy, is cast into the sea and serving as the
.negative electrode of a voltaic cell, a positive elec 75
2,109,813
3
trode for said cell disposed within said casing in » the 4buoy-is 'cast into the sea and serving as the
negative electrode of a voltaic cell, a positive
spaced relation thereto, the cell being character
ized by absolute freedom from electrolyte during electrode for said cell disposed within said casing
in `spaced relation thereto, the cell being charac
storage, thus ensuring inñnite shelf-life and in
fallible ability to come into operation when the
buoy is thrown into the sea, a plurality of lamps
mounted one on each end of the cell, circuits per
terized by absolute freedom from electrolyte dur
ing storage, thus ensuring infinite shelf-life and
infallible ability to come into operation when the
manently connect-ing said, lamps with said cell, ' buoy is thrown into the sea, a plurality of lamps
so that when the buoy is cast into the sea, the
mounted one on each end of . the cell, circuits
permanently connecting said lamps with- said
cell, so that when the buoy is cast into thesea,
the casing Will _be iilled with water serving as an
electrolyte, the cell will become energized, and
both lamps will -be illuminated, that one which is
topmost being visible to an observer, lugs formed
2. A ring buoy having signalling means which on both ends of the casing, lenses supported by
come into action automatically and invariably and said lugs and’disposed around said lamps, sup
porting bars of insulating material for tying the
only when the buoy is dropped into the sea, re
gardless of the length of time that the buoy has - positive and negative electrodes together and only
been stored, and which requires no attention partially covering the ends of the cell, 'inwardly
10 casing will be filled with 'water serving as an elec
trolyte, the cell will become energized, and both
lamps will be illuminated, that onewhich is top
most being visible Ito an observer, lugs formed on
both ends of the casing, and lenses supported by
said lugs and disposed around said' lamps.
whatsoever during storage, either as to position or
extending projections formed integral with the
condition, the said buoy having `a hole there
supporting bars and providing a> free space be
through, a casing in said hole, the said casing hav
tween the electrodesto allow the saline solution
ing openings therein for the influx of water when
to immerse and energize the cell and to electrical
the buoy is cast into the sea.and serving as the
negative electrode- of a voltaic cell, a positive
ly disconnect the electrodes when the cell is re-- ~
moved from the solution, and means for securing -
electrode for .said cell disposed within said casing
in spaced relation thereto, the cell being charac
terized by absolute freedom from electrolyte dur
lil) ing storage, thus ensuring infinite shelf-life and
infallible ability to come into- operation when the
the cell to the edges of the ring buoy.
>4. A ring buoy having signalling means which
come int'o action automatically and invariably and
buoy is thrown into the sea, a plurality of lamps
mounted one on each end of the cell; circuits per
‘ manently connecting said lamps with said cell, so
been stored,v and which requires no attention
whatsoever during storage, either as to position
that _when the buoy is cast into the sea, the casing
will be filled with water serving as an electrolyte,
the cell will become energized, and both lamps
will be illuminated, that one which is topmost
being visible to an observer, lugs formed on both
ends of the casing, lenses supported by said lugs
and disposed around said lamps, supporting bars
of insulating material for tying the positive and
only when the buoy is dropped into the sea, re- ‘
gardless of the length of- time that the buoy has
or condition, a casing having openings therein
for the influx of water when the buoy is cast into
the sea and serving as the negative electrode of
a voltaic cell, a positive electrode for said cell
disposed within said casing in spaced-relation
thereto', the cell .being characterized by absolute
freedom from electrolyte during storage, thus en
suring inñnite shelf-life and infallible ability'to
come into operation when the buoy is thrown into
negative electrodes together and only partiallyv the sea, a plurality of lamps mounted _one on each
covering the ends of the cell, inwardly extending end of the cell, circuits permanently connecting
projections formed integral with the supporting said lamps with said cell, so that when the buoy
is cast into the sea, the casing will be filled with
Water serving as an electrolyte, the cell will be
come energized, and both lamps will be illumi
nated, that one which is topmost being visible to
an observer, lugs formed on both ends of the
3. A ring buoy having signalling means which . casing; and lenses supported by said lugs and dis
come into action automatically and invariably posed around said lamps, a spring clamp secured
bars and providing a free space between the elec
trodes to allow the saline solution to immerse and
energize the cell and to electrically disconnect the
electrodes when the cell is removed from the saline
solution.
'
-
'
and only when the buoy is dropped into the sea, ,to the casing, a tie clamp secured to the spring
regardlessof 4the length of time that the buoy has clamp, a prong integral with the spring clamp to
„„v Li ,been stored,A and whichrequires no attention pierce the buoy for holding the structure in posi
whatsoever during storage, either as to position tion, and a spring means for securing the casing
'
,
or condition, a.` casing, the said casing having to the clamp.
GUNNAR A. F. WINCKLER.
openings therein for the ínñux of water when
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