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Патент USA US2109868

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2,109,86
w RABKm
COIN CONTROLLED DISPENSING APPARATUS
Filed Sept. 28, 1935
+5 43 4|
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
59
2
L4,.
INVENTOR
'W/LL/H/V Rabin/v.
AW 5M
ATT O R N E Y
Mamh E, 19%.,
w. RABKIN
2,109,368
COIN CONTROLLED DiSPENSING APPARATUS
Filéd Sept. 28, 1935
4 Sheéts-Sheet 2
ATTORNEY
ch - L 193.
W_ RABKIN
2,109,868
com CONTROLLED DISPENSING APPARATUS
Filed Sept. 28, 1955
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
204
14m“
-
INVENTOR
WILL/HM R?6K/N.
Abbe,
ATTORNEY
2,109,868
Patented Mar. 1, 1938
UNITED STATES
PATENT } OFFICE
2,109,868
com commons]: msrmvsmo
.
srmnarus
William Babkln, New York, N. Y.
\\Appiication September 28, 1985, Serial No. 42,577
17 Claims.
This invention relates to coin-controlled dis
pensing apparatus and, more particularly, to-dis
pensing, apparatus of the type in which the
amount ‘or character of the merchandise vended
,5 depends to some extent upon the skill of the
operator.
One [object of the invention is to provide such
apparatus with auxiliary or supplementary
(Cl. 194-2)
Fig. 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of
Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view partly in eleva
tion and partly in section of parts of the supple
mentary dispensing mechanism illustrating the 5
- position of the pusher in intermediate projected
position;
Fig. 5a is a view similar to Fig. 5, illustrating
means to dispense a predetermined quantity of the position of the pusher in fully projected
10
10 merchandise regardless of_ the skill of the opera- ' or discharge position;
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view on the line
tor.
.
Another object of the invention is to subject
said auxiliary dispensing means to the control
of the coin-controlled mechanism of the appa
15 ratus.
A further object of the invention is to provide
said apparatus with automatic and manually
controlled devices both of which must be suc
cessively actuated in the order named in order
20 to dispense said predetermined quantity of mer
chandise.
A further object of the invention is to provide
an auxiliary dispensing means which is adjust
able whereby to vary the quantity of merchan
25 dise which may be dispensed thereby.
A further object of the invention-is to prevent
the operation of the apparatus and/or the inser
tion of a coin if the quantity of merchandise in,
the auxiliary dispensing means is below a pre
30 determined minimum amount.
A further object of the invention is to provide
means to indicate ‘that the apparatus is out of
order when the quantity of merchandise in the
35 auxiliary dispensing means is below a pedeter
mined minimum amount.
v
A yet further object of the invention is to pre
vent the insertion of a coin when there is a fail
ure in the supply of energy for operating the
40
motor.
-
The above objects of the invention and other
objects ‘ancillary thereto will best be understood
from the following description considered in con
nection with the accompanying drawings.
45
In the drawings:
Fig. l is a front view in ‘elevation of the dis~
- pensing apparatus embodying the present inven
6—8 of Fig. 4;
Figs. '7 and 8 are fragmentary cross sectional
views on the lines '|--'i and 8-—8 respectively, of
Fig. 2;
15
Fig. 9 is a rear perspective view of the pusher;
Fig. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view on the
line lit-it of Fig. 9;
Fig. 11 is a front view in elevation of the front ’
wall of the supplementary dispensing container; 20
Fig. 12 is a cross sectional view on the line
iZ-é-IZ of Fig. 4;
Fig. 13 is a detail view of the solenoid actuated
indicator.
The present invention is illustrated in connec- 25
tion with a dispensing apparatus of the travel
ling crane type which is preferably constructed
as shown and described in my application Serial
No. 642,814, ?led November 15, 1932, for Bulk
dispensing devices, although the invention can be’ 30
applied to other types of dispensing apparatus
and to other dispensing apparatus of the travel
ling crane type.
The cabinet it within which the dispensing ap
paratus is housed comprises the front and side 35
walls 12 and It, respectively, which are of glass,
to permit observation of the material or mer
chandise (not shown) located in the compart
ment H6. The cabinet in may be illuminated by
an electric lamp ii. A storage bin it provided 40
with an opening it is located at one side of the
compartment it for supplying mechandise such
as candy pellets to said compartment. Various
articles (not shown) such as cameras, vanity 45
cases, cigarette lighters, etc., vmay be located in
the compartment it together with the candy pel
lets. As is well known, in a dispensing appara
tion;
'
_
'
Fig; 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the
50 supplementary dispensing apparatus, partsv be
ing removed to more clearly illustrate the con
struction;
Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view of the supple
mentary dispensing apparatus and related parts
55 of the main dispensing apparatus; _
tus of this type, ‘the merchandise is dispensed
by means of a crane and grapple mechanism, such 50
as the crane I8 and the grapple til, which lifts
the merchandise over the rear wall 22 of the com
partment sit and drops it into a delivery chute
(not shown) which communicates with a collec- v
tion receptacle 24 here shown as provided with 55
2
a closure 26. The crane I8 and the grapple
28 may be positioned with relation to the mer
- chandise, as is ‘customary, by means of a hand
from the housing 82 to a valve controlled re
ceptacle 84 at the front of the cabinet. The
receptacle 64 is provided with a compartment
wheel 28, and then‘ upon insertion of a coin de?ned by a rear wall 85 and a front glass wall
in the coin chute 88, the crane and grapple U 66 (Figs. 1 and 4). Merchandise, such as candy
are ‘actuated by mechanism operated by the pellets 61 may be placed in said compartment in
electric motor 32 to dispense the merchandise.
order to attract the buyer's attention. Candy
The mechanism for operating the crane and or other merchandise is delivered to the trough
grapple comprises a shaft 84, which is here ‘I8 through an outlet opening ‘II at the bottom
of the receptacle 84 when the ?nger piece 68 is 10
10 shown as an extension of the motor shaft support
ed by the hanger 88, a'plurality of earns 38, 48, 42 depressed. The manner in which this is accom
"and 44, companion levers 88, 4|, 43 and 45, re
plished will be hereinafter more fully described.
spectively, operated by said'cams and pivotally
The housing 62 comprises a rear‘ wall ‘I2 and
mounted on a rod 46, and companion cables side walls ‘I4 which together with an inclined
bottom wall or shelf ‘I6 and a front wall 18 spaced 15
15 41,. 48, 48 and 58, respectively, connected to.
rearwardly of the front wall 88 of the housing
and operated by said levers. As the present em
bodiment of the invention is concerned directly \ 82 de?ne a hopper which constitutes a supp1e~
only with the cam 44, lever 45 and cable 58, fur- ' \mentary dispensing container for the mechandise
to be dispensed in predetermined quantities. The
ther description of the construction and opera
housing has a top closure 82 pivoted as at 83
20 tion of the. other cams, levers, cables and devices
actuated thereby, is unnecessary. Cam 44, lever to the rear upper end portions of the side walls
45 and cable 58 are. however, directly concerned ‘I4 and provided with downwardly re?exed side
‘with the present embodiment of the invention in portions 84 which engage the top edges of said
side walls in closed position to limit the closing
the manner that will be explained as the descrip
25 tion proceeds, but for the present it is su?i
movement of said closure.
‘cient to note that these elements actuated by the ’ The front wall 18 has integral intumed ?anges
motor operated shaft 34 control in conjunction 85 which de?ne a channel or guideway 88. The
upper portions of said ?anges 85 have integral
with a coin-controlled switch 52 diagrammati
cally shown in Fig. 3, 'the motor 82, by inter lateral ?anges 88, to which the shelf ‘I8 is se
30 rupting the main electric circuit to which the
cured by means of screws 81. The upper ends
motor is connected. As shown in Fig. 3, the of the ?anges 85 and 88 are de?ned by forwardly
cable 58 extends over a guide pulley 5| and is inclined walls 88 to which a rearwardly ex
tending and downwardly inclined plate 88 is se
con?ned thereto by a stationary guide 55.
'
cured by means of screws 8I for a purpose which
The switch 52 may ‘be of any suitable con
struction known in the art but I prefer to utilize will subsequently be explained. The upper edge
the coin-controlled switch shown and described of the front wall is spaced from said plate 88
to provide an outlet opening 82 for the hopper.
in my above mentioned application. In the op
eration of this switch, the latter being o'pen, A U-shaped member 84 secured at its sides 85
when a coin is inserted in the coin chute 88, it to the ?anges 85 by means of screws 88 de?nes ‘
a discharge passage 81 which communicates with
40 drops through a tube 3| (Fig. 3) and in so doing
strikes a lever 53 which is thereby moved to per _ the hopper outlet 82 and a delivery chute 88
mit the switch to close in order to complete the which extends to the receptacle 84 on the front
‘
motor circuit. The motor is thus energized and wall of the cabinet.
The merchandise is dispensed from the hopper
rotates the shaft 34 thereby operating the crane
45 I8 and the grapple 28, by means of the cams
by a transfer or elevator member comprising a
88, 48 and 42, the companion levers and cables. pusher I88 which is constructed and arranged to
and the associated mechanism (not shown), to_ move in the channel 86 through the opening I82
in the bottom of the hopper de?ned by the for
dispense merchandise from the main compart
ward edge of the shelf ‘I8 and the free ends of
ment I8, after which, at the end of one revolu
50 tion of shaft 84, the cable 58, tensioned by the the ?anges 85. The upper edge I84 of the pusher
I88 is inclined at the same angle as the shelf
action of the cam 44 and lever 45, opens the
‘I6 and when in its retracted position, as shown
switch 52 to stop the operation of the motor.
As the result of this operation of the crane in Fig. 4, forms a continuation of the bottom
wall of the hopper. As shownmore clearly in
, and grapple mechanism, the quantity or char
Figs. 9 and 10, said pusher I88 comprises a rec
55 acter of the merchandise dispensed by apparatus
of this type depends upon the skill or success of tangular wooden block provided with a longitudi
the operator in, properly locating the crane with nal groove I 88 located adjacent one side of the
respect to the merchandise in the compartment block and a slot I88 located at the inclined edge
I8 by manipulation of the hand wheel 28. While I84 of the block in continuation of the groove I88
the operator derives considerable amusement in which of course terminates between the oppo
observing the operation of the apparatus and in site sides of the block. A metal strap H8 is
adjustably secured to the block by means of a
testing his skill and hence‘ is adequately re
winged screw II2 which passes through a slot
munerated for the cost of operating the appa
'65
ratus and in addition receives a variable amount
of merchandise, it is the purpose of this inven
"4 in said strap, bears on a washer II8 over
lying the latter, and engages the block. Bald
strap II8 has a ?ange II8 which extends into
tion to provide supplementary means, indicated
generally at 88, which upon each operation of - the groove ‘I85 and a socket I28 de?ned by an
the crane and grapple mechanism, can be made inclined end wall I22 and side walls I24 and I28.
to dispense a predetermined quantity of mer
When the strap “8 is fully retracted, as shown
in Fig. 10, the end wall I22 engages the under 70
70 chandise, if the operator so desires.
The supplementary dispensing means 68 com
cut portion I81 of the inclined edge I84 and,
prises a housing 82 positioned at one side of the exposed surface of said wall is ?ush with
the rear part of the cabinet adjacent the wall the remaining surface of said inclined edge. Said
. 22. By operating certain mechanisms which will side wall I24 is. long enough to extend into the
75 be described presently, merchandise is delivered slot I88 when the strap H8 is in fully projected 75
3..
2,109,868
but for this latter. purpose manually actuated
position. vThe quantity of merchandise tray - -5,
mechanism is provided. 1
'
'
.
ferred by the pusher I08 from the hopper to the
The manually actuated mechanism for moving
_ outlet 92 can be regulated by adjusting the strap
III) to project the end I22 more or less beyond the pusher todischarge position comprises a lever
I18 pivoted intermediate its ends on a screwpivot
' the edge ItI of the block. A ?at metal plate
I‘I2
secured to a lug I'Id which is integral with
-I2- is secured to one side of the block I85 by
wall It of the hopper and channel 86. ‘ '
screws I38 and projects below said block. The the front
forward edge I'It of the lever I'III is curved
movement of the pusher I88 in the channel88 is The
is arranged to engage the lower edge of the
limited in both directions by a pin I22 which and
metal
plate I28. ofv the pusher I88, as shown in 10
10 is secured to the block Hit and extends through
Fig.
5,
after the latter‘ has been raised to the
an elongated longitudinal slot I28 in the front
projected position illustrated in
'wall- ‘I8 (Fig. 11), so that when the pin I82 is _ intermediate
lines in Fig. 4. Referring to Fig. 50., it
at the lower end of said'slot I82, the inclined dotted
edge I88 is ?ush with the lower‘edge of the will be observed that the lever I18 engages the .
edgeof thev metal plate I28 tovsupport 15
shelf ‘It, as shown in full lines in Fig. ‘I and when lower
the pusher I88 in discharge position adjacent
at
the
upper
end
of
said
slot
said
said pin is _
the ‘outlet 82. ‘It will be noticed, however, that
inclined edge is in the fully projectedv position as \the lever I'II‘I cannot be moved to engage the
shown in Fig 5a.
The pusher is actuated automatically during lower edge of the plate I28 of the pusher until 20
.the
operation of the crane by means of a cable ‘after the latter has been raised by the coin-con
20
trolled mechanism to the intermediate projected
I88 which‘ is attached at I88 to the switch position as ‘above described.
It will be under
‘ operating cable at (Fig. 3).
The lever I‘III is operated by a rod I88, piv- ‘
stood however that the cable for opening the. otally connected‘by a screw pivot I82 to a lug
‘switch 82 maybe operated byv another cam and _- I88 integral with the pivoted valve 88, and a 25
25 lever or, in other words, separate cams and levers
I88 pivotally connected at its ends to said
v(not shown) can be provided for operating the link
I88 and to said lever by screw pivots I88
cables 88 and I28 in which event the. latter will rod
Relative pivotal ’move-‘
be connected to their respective levers and not, and I98, respectively.
ment of the rod I88 and link I28 is positively
toeach other.
limited in one directionby a pin I82 project
so
. ing from the rod I88 into the path of movement
'
.
cable I88 extends over a guide pulley
30 I88Said
to which it is con?ned by a ?xed guide mem
of said link toward '- said rod, and relative piv
ber' M2 and is connected at the free end of ' otal movement of said link and rod in the op
one arm I“ of a’bell crank lever which is piv
posite direction is resiliently opposed by a spring
oted on a pivot screw M6 secured to a bracket
at its ends to the rod and link. 35
I88 which is integral with and depends from ltd connected
I86 connected at its ends to the front
v.35 the rear end of the shelf ‘Iii. The other arm Aof spring
the cabinet and to said rod I88 adjacent the
I58 of the bell crank lever is connected to one front end of the latter resiliently opposes the
end of a cable I52 whichpasses over guide pul
movement of said rod and holds the valve 89 in
leys I54 and I56 and is-connected at its other
The operation of the manually controlled
40 end, as by a screw I58, to the block I85 of the
pusher Itll. The pulleys I54 and I56 are mount
mechanism for moving thepusher to discharge
ed in brackets I68 and IE2, respectively, which position adjacent the outlet 82 results whenthe
- are integral with the shelf ‘It and depend there
fingerv piece‘ 68 on the valve 69 is depressed. The
from. A spring I51 connected at its ends to the consequent movement of the valve 69 about its 45
45 arm I58 and to the shelf ‘I6 resiliently supports pivots ‘I8 on the side walls ‘I5 of the receptacle
the bell crank lever, and resiliently opposes the BI toward the'rear of the cabinet results in the
movement thereof by the cable I38.
movement of the rod IBII against the tension
Referring to Fig. 3, it will be observed that of the spring I88, and by this movement of said
when the high point of the cam II is in en
rod, link I86 rotates the lever I‘I8 about its 50
50 gagement with the lever 85 the cables 58 and pivot M2 to bring the lower free end of the lat
I86 hold the pusher II!!! in an intermediate pro
ter into engagement with the lower edge of the
jected position above the shelf 16 and below plate I28,‘ as shown in Fig. 5. .Upon the fur
the outlet 92. When the motor 32 is energized ther' movement of the rod I88 in the same di
in‘ response to the insertion of- a coin in the rection, the pusher I80 is moved upwardly from 55
55 coin chute 38, as hereinbefore described, the the intermediate projected position, shown in
shaft 38 rotates in the direction indicated by Fig. 5, to the fully projected or discharge posi
the arrow, thus permitting the free end of the tion shown in Fig. 5a. By this movement of the
‘lever M5 to move downwardly thereby relaxing pusher I88, the candy pellets onother mer
the cables 58 and I38 ‘and permitting the pusher chandise resting on the inclined edge I88, are
projected through the outlet 92 into the dis
60 I88 to move downwardly to the position illus
trated in full lines in Fig. 4; and-in‘ dotted lines charge passage Ill, thence into the delivery chute '
in Fig. 3. In this position of the pusher, candy 98, and from the latter into the receptacle 6d.
pellets resting ,on the shelf ‘I8 of the) hopper The candy thus delivered to the receptacle 88
are moved by gravity onto the inclined edge falls from the latter intothe receiving trough 65
65 IIId. In the meantime the cam 88 continues to ‘III while the valve 68 is moved as described
rotate and subsequently raises the lever 88 there ‘ above. When the finger piece 68 is released, the
by tensioning the cables 58 and I38 and lifting spring I88 returns the rod I88 to its retracted
the pusher I80 and the candy carried thereby to position thereby moving the lever I'It out of en- '
the position shown in full lines in Fig. 3 and in gagement with the plate I28 and thus permitting 70
closed
dotted lines in Fig.v 4. Thus, while the coin con
75
trolled mechanism is ‘e?ective ‘to initiate the
movement of the pusher I88, said mechanism is
ineffective to move the pusher to discharge posi
tion adjacent the outlet 92, as illustrated in Fig.
position.
,
.
-
_
.
the pusher to move downwardly to its interme
diate projected position. After this operation
has taken place,vand the candy on the edge IM
has been pushed through the outlet 92, it is im
possible toobtain additional candy from the hop
9,109,868’
per, unless another coin is inserted, because said
edge I04 is above the level of the candy in the
electrical translating devices connected to' said
hopper and cannot be lowered therebelow un
Upon failure of the supply of merchandise in
the supplementary container and the consequent
interruption of the motor circuit,vthe condition
of the apparatus is indicated by the darkening
of the compartment I8 due to the failure of
current for the lamp II, it being observed, re
circuit.
' .
til the main dispensing mechanism is operated
following the insertion of another coin intothe
coin chute. When another ‘coin is inserted, the
pusher I00 is ?rst automatically lowered to fully
retracted position, illustrated in Fig.4, below the
level of the candy and then automatically raised
10 to the intermediate projected position illustrated
in Fig. 5. Referring to Fig. 4, it will be ob
served that the pusher I00 is in the path of move
ment of the lever I10 and projects therebelow
in parallel with the motor circuit, is in series
with the main circuit controlled by the mercury
switch 200. Thus, while the operation of the
apparatus is independent of the lamp I ‘I, the fail
and that the latter cannot be moved to engage
ure 0!’ the latter to light when the manual switch
15 the lower edge of the plate I28 until the pusher
is raised to intermediate projected position by
the coin controlled crane operating mechanism
previously described. Therefore, if the cable I36
should break, the lever "0 would be ineffective
20
to operate the’pusher.
In order to prevent inJury to the manually
operated mechanism, especially to the rod I80
and its associated parts, provision is made to
permit relative movement between said rod and
25 link I86. For this purpose, the spring I84, while
normally eifective to prevent relative pivotal
movement between the rod I80 and the link I86
during the operation of the lever I10 to raise
the pusher, is su?iciently resilient to yield in
30 order to permit the rod I80 to be moved with
relation to the link I80 when the pusher is
fully projected or retracted. The relative move
ment of the link and lever permitted by the
spring I94, as just described, is sufllcient to pre
35 vent injury to the manually actuated mechanism
‘because the ?nger piece 58 when fully depressed
engages the lower edge 64a of the receptacle 84
and acts as a stop member to prevent further
movement of the rod I80 toward the rear of
40
the cabinet.
,
According to the present invention, provision is
made to prevent operation of the crane and, if
desired, to prevent insertion of a coin into the
coin chute when the quantity of merchandise in
ferring to Fig. 3, that the lamp circuit, although
I8 is closed indicates the lack of merchandise in 15
the supplementary dispensing container. How
ever, ln order to more clearly indicate this condi
tlon, particularly when the lamp I1 is dispensed
with, there is provided an indicator which is
actuated under the control of the mercury switch. 20
Referring to Figs. 1, 3 and 13, the indicator com
prises a plate 2 I2 slidably mounted in a guide 2“
positioned adjacent the front glass wall I2 01'
the cabinet over the coin chute 80. Said plate
2I2 may carry a suitable legend such as “Out of 25
Order" whereby to attract the attention of a pros
pective buyer to the inoperative condition of the
apparatus. The indicator plate 2I2 is normally
lowered into the guide 2“ and is concealed by
the latter, but when the mercury switch 200 is 30
in circuit interrupting position due to the failure
of the supply of merchandise in the supple
mentary dispensing container, a normally ener
gized solenoid H6 in the branch electric circuit
2I‘I becomes deenergized thereby permitting the 35
plunger or solenoid core 2I8 to drop by gravity
and thereby moving the pivoted lever 220 from
the dotted line position to the full line position,
shown in Fig. 13 and raising the link 222 and, the
indicator 2I2 carried thereby. When the solenoid 40
is energized the core 2I8 is raised thus lowering
the link 222 and moving the indicator plate 2I2
to retracted or concealed position within the
guide 2“.
.
_
‘
45 the supplementary dispensing container is below
The apparatus of the present invention may 45
a predetermined minimum amount. In order to ' also include means to prevent the insertion of a
prevent the operation of the apparatus in. the
event that the quantity of merchandise in the
supplementary dispensing container is insufficient,
50 the motor 32, which actuates the crane, is placed
under the control of a switch which is responsive
to‘ the .quantity of candy in the supplementary
container. Thus, referring to Fig. 3, it will be
observed that a mercury switch 200 is in series
coin in the coin chute when the supply of mer
chandise in the supplementary dispensing con
tainer fails. For this purpose, referring to Fig.
3, the slide 33 of the coin chute is disposed to 50
move below the solenoid plunger 2i 8 and is pro
vided with an opening 35 which registers with the
plunger 2|8 when the slide is in coin receiving
position. Accordingly, when the solenoid 2I6 is
55 with the main lead 202 of the electric circuit
deenergized the plunger 2 I8 projects through the
having supply terminals 204. Said switch 200 is
opening 35 and prevents reciprocation of .the
slide 33 and thereby prevents a coin from being
carried by a weighted bar 20I secured to a plate
206 which is pivotally mounted by a hinge 208 on
the rear end of the plate 80. The plate 206 is
60 provided with an integral depending wing 2I0
which is adapted to be engaged by the merchan
dise in the hopper resting on the shelf ‘I8. Thus,
referring to Fig. 4, when a su?icient quantity of
merchandise is present in the hopper, the lower
65 end of the wing H0 is supported in the raised
position indicated in full lines, thus holding the
switch 200 in elevated or circuit closing positions.
On the other hand, when the quantity of mer~
chandise decreases below a predetermined
70 amount, the weighted plate 206 moves by gravity
to the dotted line position and the switch 200
moves to lowered or circuit interrupting position,
thus breaking the main circuit and preventing
75 operation of the motor 32, and if desired, of other
inserted in the coin chute.
'
It will be noticed that by virtue of the provision
of the solenoid controlled coin chute, it is im 60
possible to insert a coin into the chute when there ‘
is a failure in the power supply for operating the
motor 32, for upon failure of the power the sole
noid will be deenergized and the coin slide 33 will
be locked by the plunger 2I8.
65
Provision is made for preventing movement of
plate 206 and the mercury switch carried thereby,
especially when the apparatus is being shipped
or moved about, or for maintaining the switch
in closed position. For this purpose, as best 70
shown in Figs. 2 and 6, a screw 20‘! is threaded
through the side wall ‘I4 of the housing 62 and
engages a cam plate 209. Said plate 208 is se
cured at one end to the plate 206 and extends
at an angle thereto. Thus, when the screw 201 75
areas»
. position to said discharging position, and means
‘;lected between the plate 208 and the cam plate for preventing actuation of said coin-controlled
209jand by engagement with the latter moves the mechanism when the supply of material in said -
is threaded through the wall 14 its shank is pro
plate 206 into its extreme upper position where'it
hopper
is held against movement in either direction...
amount.
_ Before the apparatus is put into operation, the e
is ' below a predetermined , minimum
'
:
5
4. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper‘ '
screw 201 may be withdrawn to ‘permit ‘move
‘ment of the plate 208 when the supply of mer- ' having a bottom on which said material rests
chandise in the housing 32 becomes low or is
m
entirely consumed, as hereinbefore described. 1
Thus, it is seen that the apparatus constitut
and an outlet above said bottom, a vertically dis
posedmember slidable in said hopper and ar- 10
ranged therein to move from retracted position
‘below the material in the hopper to intermediate
well adapted to ‘accomplish, the several objects position above said material but below said out
of the invention. It will be understood. however, let and to discharging position adjacent said out
let, coin-controlled mechanism for moving said 15
15 that the invention is capable of other embodi
ments and that certain changes in the construc-. member from said retracted position to said in
tion and arrangement of parts in the-present em'—. termediate position, manually-controlled means
moving said member from said intermediate
bodiment may be made and will occur to those \for
skilled in the art in view of the present dis? position to said discharging position, means for
preventing actuation of said manually-controlled 20‘
20 closure. It will be also understood that one or means to move said member to discharging posi
more parts of the present apparatusherein dis
closed may be'used without one orv more other tion unless the latter has been moved from said
parts. Therefore, ,I do not wish to be limited retracted position to said projected position, and
' ing the present embodiment‘of the invention is
means for preventing actuation of said coin-con
‘to the precise construction herein shown and de
trolled mechanism when the supply material in 25
25‘ scribed, except as may‘ be required by the ap- I said hopper is below a predetermined minimum
_ pended claims and the prior art.
amount.
Having described my invention and the man
ner in which the same operates what I claim and
desire to secure by Letters Patent is: ‘
.30
1. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper hav
v5. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper having
a bottom provided within an opening and an out
let above said bottom, an elevator member mov- an
able in said opening for transferring material
from the hopper through said outlet, coin-con
‘ ing a bottom onwhich said material rests and
an outlet above said bottom, a vertically disposed ' trolled means for initiating the operation of said
member slidable in said hopper and arranged
35 therein to move from'retracted position below
the material in the hopper to intermediate posi
tion above said material but below said outlet
and to discharging position adjacent said outlet,
coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem
40 ber from said retracted position to said interme
elevator member, and manually operable means
for completing the operation of said elevator 35
‘ member.
6. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper having
an- outlet, means forming a discharge passage
in communication with said outlet, a pusher
operable in said hopper to transfer material 40
therefrom through said outlet and into said dis
diate position, and manually-controlled means
passage, motor-actuated mechanism for
for moving said member from said intermediate ‘ charge
initiating the operation of said pusher, and man
position to said discharging position.
2. In a dispensing apparatus,- a hopper for ually operable means for completing the opera 45
of said pusher.
45 material to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper tion
'7. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
having a bottom on which said material rests
terial to be dispensed, means formingan outlet
and an outlet above said bottom, a vertically dis
at the upper part of the hopper, a discharge pas
posed member slidable in said hopper and ar
in communication with said outlet, means
ranged therein to move from retracted position sage
for raising a portion of the material in said hop- 50
below
the
material
in
the
hopper
to
intermediate
50
position above said material but below said outlet per to said‘ outlet and transferring said raised
of the material, through said outlet to
and to discharging position adjacent said outlet, portion
said discharge passage, and means for actuating
coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem
said raising means including a yieldable connec
ber from said retracted position -to said interme
tion
between said raising means and said actu- 55
diate position, manually-controlledv means for
ating means whereby the latter can move in re
moving said member from said'intermediate po
sition to'said discharging position,. and means lation to said raising means when the latter is
position.
.
under the control of said slidable member to in 8.a predetermined
In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
prevent said manually-controlled means from
terial to be dispensed, means forming an outlet 60
moving said member to discharging position un
at the upper part of the hopper, a discharge pas
less the latter has been moved from said retract
sage in communication with said outlet, means
ed position to said intermediate position.
for raising a portion of the material in said hop
3. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
per to said outlet and transferring said raised
terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper hav
portion of the material through said outlet to 65
85 ing a bottom on which said material rests and an said discharge passage, and means for actuat
outlet above said bottom, a vertically disposed
member slidable in said hopper and arranged ing said raising means comprising a pivoted le
therein to move from retracted position below ver, a link connected to said lever, a second link
the material in the hopper tointermediate posi-_ pivotally connected to said ?rst mentioned link,
tion above said material but below saidvoutlet, a stop member limiting the relative'movement 70
70
and to discharging position adjacent said outlet,
coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem
ber from said retracted position to said interme
diate position, and manually-controlled means
75 for moving said member from said intermediate
of said links in one direction, and spring means
connected to said links for‘ resisting their rela-/
tive movement in another direction.
9. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma
terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper have 75
6
8,109,868
ing an outlet for said material, a delivery chute
.in communication with said outlet, a discharge
valve for said delivery chute. means associated
with said hopper for separating a charge of ma
teiial from said hopper and transferring said
charge through said outlet into said delivery
chute, coin-controlled mechanism for partially
actuating said separating means and means un
der the control of said valve for completing the
10 actuation of said separating means.
10. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a
container for the material to be dispensed, said
container having a bottom and an outlet there
above, said bottom having an opening de?ning
15 a guideway, an elevator member movable in said
guideway for transferring material from said
container to said outlet and normally extending
to and supported at a point above sai bottom
but below said outlet, means for lower ng said
elevator to apoint adjacent said bottom and for
raising said elevator to said ?rst mentioned
point, and additional means for raising said ele
vator from said ?rst mentioned point to said
outlet.
25
11. In a dispensing apparatus the combination
with a compartment for material to be dispensed
and coin-controlled means for separating a por
tion of said material and dispensing the same from
said compartment, of a second compartment for
30 material to be dispensed having an outlet, a mem
ber movable in said second compartment operable
during a ?rst part of its movement to separate a
portion of the material from the rest of the mate
rial therein and to retain said portion within said
35 second compartment and operable during another
part of its movement to transfer said portion
through said outlet, means actuated by said coin
controlled means for imparting to said member
said ?rst part of its movement but inoperative
40 to impart to said member said other part oi’ its
movement, and manually controlled means for
imparting to said member said other part of its
movement but inoperative to impart to said
member said ?rst part of its movement.
45
12. In a dispensing apparatus the combination
, with a compartment for material to be dispensed
and coinI-controlled means for separating a por
tion of said material and dispensing the same
from said compartment, of va. econd com
partment for material to be dispensed having an
outlet, a member movable in said second com
partment operable during a ?rst part of its move
ment to separate a portion of the material from
the rest of the material in said compartment and
55 to retain said portion within said second com
partment and operable during another part of
its movement to transfer said portion through
said outlet, means'actuated by said coin-con
trolled means for imparting to said member said
operable during a ?rst part of its movement to
separate a portion 01' the material from the rest
of the material therein and to retain said portion
within said second compartment and operable
during another part of its movement to trans
fer said portion through said outlet, means actu
ated' by said coin-controlled means for impart
ing to said member said ?rst part of its movement
but inoperative to impart to said member said
other part of its movement, and manually con 10
trolled means for imparting to said member said 4
other part of. its movement but inoperative to
impart to said member said ?rst part of its move
ment, said manually controlled means compris
ing a plurality of pivotaliy connected members
having a limited relative movement.
14. In a dispensing apparatus the combination
with a compartment for material to be dispensed
and coin-controlled means for separating a por
tion of said material and dispensing the same
'15
20’
from said compartment, of a second compart
ment for material to be dispensed having an out
let, a member movable in said second compart
ment operable during a ?rst part of its movement
to separate a portion of the material from the 25
rest of the material therein and to retain said
portion within said‘ second compartment and
operable during another part of its movement to
transfer said portion through said outlet, means
actuated by said coin-controlled means for im 30
parting to said member said ?rst part of its move
ment but inoperative to impart to said member
said other part of its movement, manually con
trolled means for imparting to said member said
other part of its movement but inoperative to im 35
part to said member said ?rst part of its move
ment, said manually controlled means compris
ing a plurality of pivotally connected members
having a limited relative movement, and a spring
annection between said pivotally connected mem
40
15. In a dispensing apparatus, two separate
compartments for material to be dispensed, means
operable under the control of the operator in
accordance with the skill of the latter for re 45
moving a portion of said material from one of
said compartments, the combination with coin
controlled means for actuating said operator
controlled means, and means under the control of
said coin-controlled means for discharging a pre 50
determined quantity of material .i'rom the other
of said compartments independently of the ma
terial discharged from said ?rst compartment by
said operator-directed means upon each actua
tion of said coin-controlled means, said means for 55
e?'ecting said independent discharge of material
comprising a manually actuated mechanism and
a member for engaging and discharging said
material from the second compartment, said
60 ?rst part of its movement but inoperative to im- ' member being operable only by the successive
60
part to said member said other part of its move
ment, and manually controlled means for im
parting to said member said other part of its
movement but inoperative to impart to said mem
65 ber said ?rst part of its movement, and means
for rendering said coin-controlled means inoper
ative in the absence of a predetermined minimum
amount of material in said second compartment.
13. In a dispensing apparatus the combination '
70 with a compartment for material to be dispensed
and coin-controlled means for separating a por
tion of said material and dispensing the same
from said compartment, of a second compartment
for material tov be dispensed having an outlet, a
75 member movable in said second compartment
actuations of said coin-controlled means and said
manually-actuated mechanism.
16. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a
cabinet, a hopper therein for material to be dis
charged therefrom, said hopper having an out 65
let for said material, said cabinet having an out
let in communication with ‘said hopper outlet,
means within said cabinet associated with said
hopper for separating a charge of material from ,
said hopper and transferring said charge through 70
said hopper outlet, said means comprising a slid
able member movable in a rectilinear path, coin
controlled ~mechanism within said cabinet for
moving said slidable member through a part
only of said path in one direction, mechanism for 75
9,109,868
.
7
within
said
cabinet
associated
with
said
hopper
completing the movement of said slidable mem
ber through the remaining part of said path in for separating a charge of material from said
hopper and transferring said charge through
the same direction, and means mounted on the
said
hopper outlet, coin-controlled mechanism
cabinet externally thereof for operating said last _
mentioned mechanism.
17. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a
cabinet, a hopper therein for material to be dis
charged therefrom, said hopper having an outlet
for said material, said cabinet having an outlet
10 in communication with said hopper outlet, means
within said cabinet for partially actuating said
separating'means, mechanism for completing the
actuation of said separating means, and means
mounted on the cabinet externally thereof for
operating said last mentioned mechanism.
WILLIAM RABKIN.
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