Патент USA US2109868код для вставки
2,109,86 w RABKm COIN CONTROLLED DISPENSING APPARATUS Filed Sept. 28, 1935 +5 43 4| 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 59 2 L4,. INVENTOR 'W/LL/H/V Rabin/v. AW 5M ATT O R N E Y Mamh E, 19%., w. RABKIN 2,109,368 COIN CONTROLLED DiSPENSING APPARATUS Filéd Sept. 28, 1935 4 Sheéts-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY ch - L 193. W_ RABKIN 2,109,868 com CONTROLLED DISPENSING APPARATUS Filed Sept. 28, 1955 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 204 14m“ - INVENTOR WILL/HM R?6K/N. Abbe, ATTORNEY 2,109,868 Patented Mar. 1, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT } OFFICE 2,109,868 com commons]: msrmvsmo . srmnarus William Babkln, New York, N. Y. \\Appiication September 28, 1985, Serial No. 42,577 17 Claims. This invention relates to coin-controlled dis pensing apparatus and, more particularly, to-dis pensing, apparatus of the type in which the amount ‘or character of the merchandise vended ,5 depends to some extent upon the skill of the operator. One [object of the invention is to provide such apparatus with auxiliary or supplementary (Cl. 194-2) Fig. 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1; Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view partly in eleva tion and partly in section of parts of the supple mentary dispensing mechanism illustrating the 5 - position of the pusher in intermediate projected position; Fig. 5a is a view similar to Fig. 5, illustrating means to dispense a predetermined quantity of the position of the pusher in fully projected 10 10 merchandise regardless of_ the skill of the opera- ' or discharge position; Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view on the line tor. . Another object of the invention is to subject said auxiliary dispensing means to the control of the coin-controlled mechanism of the appa 15 ratus. A further object of the invention is to provide said apparatus with automatic and manually controlled devices both of which must be suc cessively actuated in the order named in order 20 to dispense said predetermined quantity of mer chandise. A further object of the invention is to provide an auxiliary dispensing means which is adjust able whereby to vary the quantity of merchan 25 dise which may be dispensed thereby. A further object of the invention-is to prevent the operation of the apparatus and/or the inser tion of a coin if the quantity of merchandise in, the auxiliary dispensing means is below a pre 30 determined minimum amount. A further object of the invention is to provide means to indicate ‘that the apparatus is out of order when the quantity of merchandise in the 35 auxiliary dispensing means is below a pedeter mined minimum amount. v A yet further object of the invention is to pre vent the insertion of a coin when there is a fail ure in the supply of energy for operating the 40 motor. - The above objects of the invention and other objects ‘ancillary thereto will best be understood from the following description considered in con nection with the accompanying drawings. 45 In the drawings: Fig. l is a front view in ‘elevation of the dis~ - pensing apparatus embodying the present inven 6—8 of Fig. 4; Figs. '7 and 8 are fragmentary cross sectional views on the lines '|--'i and 8-—8 respectively, of Fig. 2; 15 Fig. 9 is a rear perspective view of the pusher; Fig. 10 is a longitudinal sectional view on the line lit-it of Fig. 9; Fig. 11 is a front view in elevation of the front ’ wall of the supplementary dispensing container; 20 Fig. 12 is a cross sectional view on the line iZ-é-IZ of Fig. 4; Fig. 13 is a detail view of the solenoid actuated indicator. The present invention is illustrated in connec- 25 tion with a dispensing apparatus of the travel ling crane type which is preferably constructed as shown and described in my application Serial No. 642,814, ?led November 15, 1932, for Bulk dispensing devices, although the invention can be’ 30 applied to other types of dispensing apparatus and to other dispensing apparatus of the travel ling crane type. The cabinet it within which the dispensing ap paratus is housed comprises the front and side 35 walls 12 and It, respectively, which are of glass, to permit observation of the material or mer chandise (not shown) located in the compart ment H6. The cabinet in may be illuminated by an electric lamp ii. A storage bin it provided 40 with an opening it is located at one side of the compartment it for supplying mechandise such as candy pellets to said compartment. Various articles (not shown) such as cameras, vanity 45 cases, cigarette lighters, etc., vmay be located in the compartment it together with the candy pel lets. As is well known, in a dispensing appara tion; ' _ ' Fig; 2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the 50 supplementary dispensing apparatus, partsv be ing removed to more clearly illustrate the con struction; Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view of the supple mentary dispensing apparatus and related parts 55 of the main dispensing apparatus; _ tus of this type, ‘the merchandise is dispensed by means of a crane and grapple mechanism, such 50 as the crane I8 and the grapple til, which lifts the merchandise over the rear wall 22 of the com partment sit and drops it into a delivery chute (not shown) which communicates with a collec- v tion receptacle 24 here shown as provided with 55 2 a closure 26. The crane I8 and the grapple 28 may be positioned with relation to the mer - chandise, as is ‘customary, by means of a hand from the housing 82 to a valve controlled re ceptacle 84 at the front of the cabinet. The receptacle 64 is provided with a compartment wheel 28, and then‘ upon insertion of a coin de?ned by a rear wall 85 and a front glass wall in the coin chute 88, the crane and grapple U 66 (Figs. 1 and 4). Merchandise, such as candy are ‘actuated by mechanism operated by the pellets 61 may be placed in said compartment in electric motor 32 to dispense the merchandise. order to attract the buyer's attention. Candy The mechanism for operating the crane and or other merchandise is delivered to the trough grapple comprises a shaft 84, which is here ‘I8 through an outlet opening ‘II at the bottom of the receptacle 84 when the ?nger piece 68 is 10 10 shown as an extension of the motor shaft support ed by the hanger 88, a'plurality of earns 38, 48, 42 depressed. The manner in which this is accom "and 44, companion levers 88, 4|, 43 and 45, re plished will be hereinafter more fully described. spectively, operated by said'cams and pivotally The housing 62 comprises a rear‘ wall ‘I2 and mounted on a rod 46, and companion cables side walls ‘I4 which together with an inclined bottom wall or shelf ‘I6 and a front wall 18 spaced 15 15 41,. 48, 48 and 58, respectively, connected to. rearwardly of the front wall 88 of the housing and operated by said levers. As the present em bodiment of the invention is concerned directly \ 82 de?ne a hopper which constitutes a supp1e~ only with the cam 44, lever 45 and cable 58, fur- ' \mentary dispensing container for the mechandise to be dispensed in predetermined quantities. The ther description of the construction and opera housing has a top closure 82 pivoted as at 83 20 tion of the. other cams, levers, cables and devices actuated thereby, is unnecessary. Cam 44, lever to the rear upper end portions of the side walls 45 and cable 58 are. however, directly concerned ‘I4 and provided with downwardly re?exed side ‘with the present embodiment of the invention in portions 84 which engage the top edges of said side walls in closed position to limit the closing the manner that will be explained as the descrip 25 tion proceeds, but for the present it is su?i movement of said closure. ‘cient to note that these elements actuated by the ’ The front wall 18 has integral intumed ?anges motor operated shaft 34 control in conjunction 85 which de?ne a channel or guideway 88. The upper portions of said ?anges 85 have integral with a coin-controlled switch 52 diagrammati cally shown in Fig. 3, 'the motor 82, by inter lateral ?anges 88, to which the shelf ‘I8 is se 30 rupting the main electric circuit to which the cured by means of screws 81. The upper ends motor is connected. As shown in Fig. 3, the of the ?anges 85 and 88 are de?ned by forwardly cable 58 extends over a guide pulley 5| and is inclined walls 88 to which a rearwardly ex tending and downwardly inclined plate 88 is se con?ned thereto by a stationary guide 55. ' cured by means of screws 8I for a purpose which The switch 52 may ‘be of any suitable con struction known in the art but I prefer to utilize will subsequently be explained. The upper edge the coin-controlled switch shown and described of the front wall is spaced from said plate 88 to provide an outlet opening 82 for the hopper. in my above mentioned application. In the op eration of this switch, the latter being o'pen, A U-shaped member 84 secured at its sides 85 when a coin is inserted in the coin chute 88, it to the ?anges 85 by means of screws 88 de?nes ‘ a discharge passage 81 which communicates with 40 drops through a tube 3| (Fig. 3) and in so doing strikes a lever 53 which is thereby moved to per _ the hopper outlet 82 and a delivery chute 88 mit the switch to close in order to complete the which extends to the receptacle 84 on the front ‘ motor circuit. The motor is thus energized and wall of the cabinet. The merchandise is dispensed from the hopper rotates the shaft 34 thereby operating the crane 45 I8 and the grapple 28, by means of the cams by a transfer or elevator member comprising a 88, 48 and 42, the companion levers and cables. pusher I88 which is constructed and arranged to and the associated mechanism (not shown), to_ move in the channel 86 through the opening I82 in the bottom of the hopper de?ned by the for dispense merchandise from the main compart ward edge of the shelf ‘I8 and the free ends of ment I8, after which, at the end of one revolu 50 tion of shaft 84, the cable 58, tensioned by the the ?anges 85. The upper edge I84 of the pusher I88 is inclined at the same angle as the shelf action of the cam 44 and lever 45, opens the ‘I6 and when in its retracted position, as shown switch 52 to stop the operation of the motor. As the result of this operation of the crane in Fig. 4, forms a continuation of the bottom wall of the hopper. As shownmore clearly in , and grapple mechanism, the quantity or char Figs. 9 and 10, said pusher I88 comprises a rec 55 acter of the merchandise dispensed by apparatus of this type depends upon the skill or success of tangular wooden block provided with a longitudi the operator in, properly locating the crane with nal groove I 88 located adjacent one side of the respect to the merchandise in the compartment block and a slot I88 located at the inclined edge I8 by manipulation of the hand wheel 28. While I84 of the block in continuation of the groove I88 the operator derives considerable amusement in which of course terminates between the oppo observing the operation of the apparatus and in site sides of the block. A metal strap H8 is adjustably secured to the block by means of a testing his skill and hence‘ is adequately re winged screw II2 which passes through a slot munerated for the cost of operating the appa '65 ratus and in addition receives a variable amount of merchandise, it is the purpose of this inven "4 in said strap, bears on a washer II8 over lying the latter, and engages the block. Bald strap II8 has a ?ange II8 which extends into tion to provide supplementary means, indicated generally at 88, which upon each operation of - the groove ‘I85 and a socket I28 de?ned by an the crane and grapple mechanism, can be made inclined end wall I22 and side walls I24 and I28. to dispense a predetermined quantity of mer When the strap “8 is fully retracted, as shown in Fig. 10, the end wall I22 engages the under 70 70 chandise, if the operator so desires. The supplementary dispensing means 68 com cut portion I81 of the inclined edge I84 and, prises a housing 82 positioned at one side of the exposed surface of said wall is ?ush with the rear part of the cabinet adjacent the wall the remaining surface of said inclined edge. Said . 22. By operating certain mechanisms which will side wall I24 is. long enough to extend into the 75 be described presently, merchandise is delivered slot I88 when the strap H8 is in fully projected 75 3.. 2,109,868 but for this latter. purpose manually actuated position. vThe quantity of merchandise tray - -5, mechanism is provided. 1 ' ' . ferred by the pusher I08 from the hopper to the The manually actuated mechanism for moving _ outlet 92 can be regulated by adjusting the strap III) to project the end I22 more or less beyond the pusher todischarge position comprises a lever I18 pivoted intermediate its ends on a screwpivot ' the edge ItI of the block. A ?at metal plate I‘I2 secured to a lug I'Id which is integral with -I2- is secured to one side of the block I85 by wall It of the hopper and channel 86. ‘ ' screws I38 and projects below said block. The the front forward edge I'It of the lever I'III is curved movement of the pusher I88 in the channel88 is The is arranged to engage the lower edge of the limited in both directions by a pin I22 which and metal plate I28. ofv the pusher I88, as shown in 10 10 is secured to the block Hit and extends through Fig. 5, after the latter‘ has been raised to the an elongated longitudinal slot I28 in the front projected position illustrated in 'wall- ‘I8 (Fig. 11), so that when the pin I82 is _ intermediate lines in Fig. 4. Referring to Fig. 50., it at the lower end of said'slot I82, the inclined dotted edge I88 is ?ush with the lower‘edge of the will be observed that the lever I18 engages the . edgeof thev metal plate I28 tovsupport 15 shelf ‘It, as shown in full lines in Fig. ‘I and when lower the pusher I88 in discharge position adjacent at the upper end of said slot said said pin is _ the ‘outlet 82. ‘It will be noticed, however, that inclined edge is in the fully projectedv position as \the lever I'II‘I cannot be moved to engage the shown in Fig 5a. The pusher is actuated automatically during lower edge of the plate I28 of the pusher until 20 .the operation of the crane by means of a cable ‘after the latter has been raised by the coin-con 20 trolled mechanism to the intermediate projected I88 which‘ is attached at I88 to the switch position as ‘above described. It will be under ‘ operating cable at (Fig. 3). The lever I‘III is operated by a rod I88, piv- ‘ stood however that the cable for opening the. otally connected‘by a screw pivot I82 to a lug ‘switch 82 maybe operated byv another cam and _- I88 integral with the pivoted valve 88, and a 25 25 lever or, in other words, separate cams and levers I88 pivotally connected at its ends to said v(not shown) can be provided for operating the link I88 and to said lever by screw pivots I88 cables 88 and I28 in which event the. latter will rod Relative pivotal ’move-‘ be connected to their respective levers and not, and I98, respectively. ment of the rod I88 and link I28 is positively toeach other. limited in one directionby a pin I82 project so . ing from the rod I88 into the path of movement ' . cable I88 extends over a guide pulley 30 I88Said to which it is con?ned by a ?xed guide mem of said link toward '- said rod, and relative piv ber' M2 and is connected at the free end of ' otal movement of said link and rod in the op one arm I“ of a’bell crank lever which is piv posite direction is resiliently opposed by a spring oted on a pivot screw M6 secured to a bracket at its ends to the rod and link. 35 I88 which is integral with and depends from ltd connected I86 connected at its ends to the front v.35 the rear end of the shelf ‘Iii. The other arm Aof spring the cabinet and to said rod I88 adjacent the I58 of the bell crank lever is connected to one front end of the latter resiliently opposes the end of a cable I52 whichpasses over guide pul movement of said rod and holds the valve 89 in leys I54 and I56 and is-connected at its other The operation of the manually controlled 40 end, as by a screw I58, to the block I85 of the pusher Itll. The pulleys I54 and I56 are mount mechanism for moving thepusher to discharge ed in brackets I68 and IE2, respectively, which position adjacent the outlet 82 results whenthe - are integral with the shelf ‘It and depend there fingerv piece‘ 68 on the valve 69 is depressed. The from. A spring I51 connected at its ends to the consequent movement of the valve 69 about its 45 45 arm I58 and to the shelf ‘I6 resiliently supports pivots ‘I8 on the side walls ‘I5 of the receptacle the bell crank lever, and resiliently opposes the BI toward the'rear of the cabinet results in the movement thereof by the cable I38. movement of the rod IBII against the tension Referring to Fig. 3, it will be observed that of the spring I88, and by this movement of said when the high point of the cam II is in en rod, link I86 rotates the lever I‘I8 about its 50 50 gagement with the lever 85 the cables 58 and pivot M2 to bring the lower free end of the lat I86 hold the pusher II!!! in an intermediate pro ter into engagement with the lower edge of the jected position above the shelf 16 and below plate I28,‘ as shown in Fig. 5. .Upon the fur the outlet 92. When the motor 32 is energized ther' movement of the rod I88 in the same di in‘ response to the insertion of- a coin in the rection, the pusher I80 is moved upwardly from 55 55 coin chute 38, as hereinbefore described, the the intermediate projected position, shown in shaft 38 rotates in the direction indicated by Fig. 5, to the fully projected or discharge posi the arrow, thus permitting the free end of the tion shown in Fig. 5a. By this movement of the ‘lever M5 to move downwardly thereby relaxing pusher I88, the candy pellets onother mer the cables 58 and I38 ‘and permitting the pusher chandise resting on the inclined edge I88, are projected through the outlet 92 into the dis 60 I88 to move downwardly to the position illus trated in full lines in Fig. 4; and-in‘ dotted lines charge passage Ill, thence into the delivery chute ' in Fig. 3. In this position of the pusher, candy 98, and from the latter into the receptacle 6d. pellets resting ,on the shelf ‘I8 of the) hopper The candy thus delivered to the receptacle 88 are moved by gravity onto the inclined edge falls from the latter intothe receiving trough 65 65 IIId. In the meantime the cam 88 continues to ‘III while the valve 68 is moved as described rotate and subsequently raises the lever 88 there ‘ above. When the finger piece 68 is released, the by tensioning the cables 58 and I38 and lifting spring I88 returns the rod I88 to its retracted the pusher I80 and the candy carried thereby to position thereby moving the lever I'It out of en- ' the position shown in full lines in Fig. 3 and in gagement with the plate I28 and thus permitting 70 closed dotted lines in Fig.v 4. Thus, while the coin con 75 trolled mechanism is ‘e?ective ‘to initiate the movement of the pusher I88, said mechanism is ineffective to move the pusher to discharge posi tion adjacent the outlet 92, as illustrated in Fig. position. , . - _ . the pusher to move downwardly to its interme diate projected position. After this operation has taken place,vand the candy on the edge IM has been pushed through the outlet 92, it is im possible toobtain additional candy from the hop 9,109,868’ per, unless another coin is inserted, because said edge I04 is above the level of the candy in the electrical translating devices connected to' said hopper and cannot be lowered therebelow un Upon failure of the supply of merchandise in the supplementary container and the consequent interruption of the motor circuit,vthe condition of the apparatus is indicated by the darkening of the compartment I8 due to the failure of current for the lamp II, it being observed, re circuit. ' . til the main dispensing mechanism is operated following the insertion of another coin intothe coin chute. When another ‘coin is inserted, the pusher I00 is ?rst automatically lowered to fully retracted position, illustrated in Fig.4, below the level of the candy and then automatically raised 10 to the intermediate projected position illustrated in Fig. 5. Referring to Fig. 4, it will be ob served that the pusher I00 is in the path of move ment of the lever I10 and projects therebelow in parallel with the motor circuit, is in series with the main circuit controlled by the mercury switch 200. Thus, while the operation of the apparatus is independent of the lamp I ‘I, the fail and that the latter cannot be moved to engage ure 0!’ the latter to light when the manual switch 15 the lower edge of the plate I28 until the pusher is raised to intermediate projected position by the coin controlled crane operating mechanism previously described. Therefore, if the cable I36 should break, the lever "0 would be ineffective 20 to operate the’pusher. In order to prevent inJury to the manually operated mechanism, especially to the rod I80 and its associated parts, provision is made to permit relative movement between said rod and 25 link I86. For this purpose, the spring I84, while normally eifective to prevent relative pivotal movement between the rod I80 and the link I86 during the operation of the lever I10 to raise the pusher, is su?iciently resilient to yield in 30 order to permit the rod I80 to be moved with relation to the link I80 when the pusher is fully projected or retracted. The relative move ment of the link and lever permitted by the spring I94, as just described, is sufllcient to pre 35 vent injury to the manually actuated mechanism ‘because the ?nger piece 58 when fully depressed engages the lower edge 64a of the receptacle 84 and acts as a stop member to prevent further movement of the rod I80 toward the rear of 40 the cabinet. , According to the present invention, provision is made to prevent operation of the crane and, if desired, to prevent insertion of a coin into the coin chute when the quantity of merchandise in ferring to Fig. 3, that the lamp circuit, although I8 is closed indicates the lack of merchandise in 15 the supplementary dispensing container. How ever, ln order to more clearly indicate this condi tlon, particularly when the lamp I1 is dispensed with, there is provided an indicator which is actuated under the control of the mercury switch. 20 Referring to Figs. 1, 3 and 13, the indicator com prises a plate 2 I2 slidably mounted in a guide 2“ positioned adjacent the front glass wall I2 01' the cabinet over the coin chute 80. Said plate 2I2 may carry a suitable legend such as “Out of 25 Order" whereby to attract the attention of a pros pective buyer to the inoperative condition of the apparatus. The indicator plate 2I2 is normally lowered into the guide 2“ and is concealed by the latter, but when the mercury switch 200 is 30 in circuit interrupting position due to the failure of the supply of merchandise in the supple mentary dispensing container, a normally ener gized solenoid H6 in the branch electric circuit 2I‘I becomes deenergized thereby permitting the 35 plunger or solenoid core 2I8 to drop by gravity and thereby moving the pivoted lever 220 from the dotted line position to the full line position, shown in Fig. 13 and raising the link 222 and, the indicator 2I2 carried thereby. When the solenoid 40 is energized the core 2I8 is raised thus lowering the link 222 and moving the indicator plate 2I2 to retracted or concealed position within the guide 2“. . _ ‘ 45 the supplementary dispensing container is below The apparatus of the present invention may 45 a predetermined minimum amount. In order to ' also include means to prevent the insertion of a prevent the operation of the apparatus in. the event that the quantity of merchandise in the supplementary dispensing container is insufficient, 50 the motor 32, which actuates the crane, is placed under the control of a switch which is responsive to‘ the .quantity of candy in the supplementary container. Thus, referring to Fig. 3, it will be observed that a mercury switch 200 is in series coin in the coin chute when the supply of mer chandise in the supplementary dispensing con tainer fails. For this purpose, referring to Fig. 3, the slide 33 of the coin chute is disposed to 50 move below the solenoid plunger 2i 8 and is pro vided with an opening 35 which registers with the plunger 2|8 when the slide is in coin receiving position. Accordingly, when the solenoid 2I6 is 55 with the main lead 202 of the electric circuit deenergized the plunger 2 I8 projects through the having supply terminals 204. Said switch 200 is opening 35 and prevents reciprocation of .the slide 33 and thereby prevents a coin from being carried by a weighted bar 20I secured to a plate 206 which is pivotally mounted by a hinge 208 on the rear end of the plate 80. The plate 206 is 60 provided with an integral depending wing 2I0 which is adapted to be engaged by the merchan dise in the hopper resting on the shelf ‘I8. Thus, referring to Fig. 4, when a su?icient quantity of merchandise is present in the hopper, the lower 65 end of the wing H0 is supported in the raised position indicated in full lines, thus holding the switch 200 in elevated or circuit closing positions. On the other hand, when the quantity of mer~ chandise decreases below a predetermined 70 amount, the weighted plate 206 moves by gravity to the dotted line position and the switch 200 moves to lowered or circuit interrupting position, thus breaking the main circuit and preventing 75 operation of the motor 32, and if desired, of other inserted in the coin chute. ' It will be noticed that by virtue of the provision of the solenoid controlled coin chute, it is im 60 possible to insert a coin into the chute when there ‘ is a failure in the power supply for operating the motor 32, for upon failure of the power the sole noid will be deenergized and the coin slide 33 will be locked by the plunger 2I8. 65 Provision is made for preventing movement of plate 206 and the mercury switch carried thereby, especially when the apparatus is being shipped or moved about, or for maintaining the switch in closed position. For this purpose, as best 70 shown in Figs. 2 and 6, a screw 20‘! is threaded through the side wall ‘I4 of the housing 62 and engages a cam plate 209. Said plate 208 is se cured at one end to the plate 206 and extends at an angle thereto. Thus, when the screw 201 75 areas» . position to said discharging position, and means ‘;lected between the plate 208 and the cam plate for preventing actuation of said coin-controlled 209jand by engagement with the latter moves the mechanism when the supply of material in said - is threaded through the wall 14 its shank is pro plate 206 into its extreme upper position where'it hopper is held against movement in either direction... amount. _ Before the apparatus is put into operation, the e is ' below a predetermined , minimum ' : 5 4. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper‘ ' screw 201 may be withdrawn to ‘permit ‘move ‘ment of the plate 208 when the supply of mer- ' having a bottom on which said material rests chandise in the housing 32 becomes low or is m entirely consumed, as hereinbefore described. 1 Thus, it is seen that the apparatus constitut and an outlet above said bottom, a vertically dis posedmember slidable in said hopper and ar- 10 ranged therein to move from retracted position ‘below the material in the hopper to intermediate well adapted to ‘accomplish, the several objects position above said material but below said out of the invention. It will be understood. however, let and to discharging position adjacent said out let, coin-controlled mechanism for moving said 15 15 that the invention is capable of other embodi ments and that certain changes in the construc-. member from said retracted position to said in tion and arrangement of parts in the-present em'—. termediate position, manually-controlled means moving said member from said intermediate bodiment may be made and will occur to those \for skilled in the art in view of the present dis? position to said discharging position, means for preventing actuation of said manually-controlled 20‘ 20 closure. It will be also understood that one or means to move said member to discharging posi more parts of the present apparatusherein dis closed may be'used without one orv more other tion unless the latter has been moved from said parts. Therefore, ,I do not wish to be limited retracted position to said projected position, and ' ing the present embodiment‘of the invention is means for preventing actuation of said coin-con ‘to the precise construction herein shown and de trolled mechanism when the supply material in 25 25‘ scribed, except as may‘ be required by the ap- I said hopper is below a predetermined minimum _ pended claims and the prior art. amount. Having described my invention and the man ner in which the same operates what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: ‘ .30 1. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper hav v5. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper having a bottom provided within an opening and an out let above said bottom, an elevator member mov- an able in said opening for transferring material from the hopper through said outlet, coin-con ‘ ing a bottom onwhich said material rests and an outlet above said bottom, a vertically disposed ' trolled means for initiating the operation of said member slidable in said hopper and arranged 35 therein to move from'retracted position below the material in the hopper to intermediate posi tion above said material but below said outlet and to discharging position adjacent said outlet, coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem 40 ber from said retracted position to said interme elevator member, and manually operable means for completing the operation of said elevator 35 ‘ member. 6. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper having an- outlet, means forming a discharge passage in communication with said outlet, a pusher operable in said hopper to transfer material 40 therefrom through said outlet and into said dis diate position, and manually-controlled means passage, motor-actuated mechanism for for moving said member from said intermediate ‘ charge initiating the operation of said pusher, and man position to said discharging position. 2. In a dispensing apparatus,- a hopper for ually operable means for completing the opera 45 of said pusher. 45 material to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper tion '7. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma having a bottom on which said material rests terial to be dispensed, means formingan outlet and an outlet above said bottom, a vertically dis at the upper part of the hopper, a discharge pas posed member slidable in said hopper and ar in communication with said outlet, means ranged therein to move from retracted position sage for raising a portion of the material in said hop- 50 below the material in the hopper to intermediate 50 position above said material but below said outlet per to said‘ outlet and transferring said raised of the material, through said outlet to and to discharging position adjacent said outlet, portion said discharge passage, and means for actuating coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem said raising means including a yieldable connec ber from said retracted position -to said interme tion between said raising means and said actu- 55 diate position, manually-controlledv means for ating means whereby the latter can move in re moving said member from said'intermediate po sition to'said discharging position,. and means lation to said raising means when the latter is position. . under the control of said slidable member to in 8.a predetermined In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma prevent said manually-controlled means from terial to be dispensed, means forming an outlet 60 moving said member to discharging position un at the upper part of the hopper, a discharge pas less the latter has been moved from said retract sage in communication with said outlet, means ed position to said intermediate position. for raising a portion of the material in said hop 3. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma per to said outlet and transferring said raised terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper hav portion of the material through said outlet to 65 85 ing a bottom on which said material rests and an said discharge passage, and means for actuat outlet above said bottom, a vertically disposed member slidable in said hopper and arranged ing said raising means comprising a pivoted le therein to move from retracted position below ver, a link connected to said lever, a second link the material in the hopper tointermediate posi-_ pivotally connected to said ?rst mentioned link, tion above said material but below saidvoutlet, a stop member limiting the relative'movement 70 70 and to discharging position adjacent said outlet, coin-controlled mechanism for moving said mem ber from said retracted position to said interme diate position, and manually-controlled means 75 for moving said member from said intermediate of said links in one direction, and spring means connected to said links for‘ resisting their rela-/ tive movement in another direction. 9. In a dispensing apparatus, a hopper for ma terial to be dispensed therefrom, said hopper have 75 6 8,109,868 ing an outlet for said material, a delivery chute .in communication with said outlet, a discharge valve for said delivery chute. means associated with said hopper for separating a charge of ma teiial from said hopper and transferring said charge through said outlet into said delivery chute, coin-controlled mechanism for partially actuating said separating means and means un der the control of said valve for completing the 10 actuation of said separating means. 10. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a container for the material to be dispensed, said container having a bottom and an outlet there above, said bottom having an opening de?ning 15 a guideway, an elevator member movable in said guideway for transferring material from said container to said outlet and normally extending to and supported at a point above sai bottom but below said outlet, means for lower ng said elevator to apoint adjacent said bottom and for raising said elevator to said ?rst mentioned point, and additional means for raising said ele vator from said ?rst mentioned point to said outlet. 25 11. In a dispensing apparatus the combination with a compartment for material to be dispensed and coin-controlled means for separating a por tion of said material and dispensing the same from said compartment, of a second compartment for 30 material to be dispensed having an outlet, a mem ber movable in said second compartment operable during a ?rst part of its movement to separate a portion of the material from the rest of the mate rial therein and to retain said portion within said 35 second compartment and operable during another part of its movement to transfer said portion through said outlet, means actuated by said coin controlled means for imparting to said member said ?rst part of its movement but inoperative 40 to impart to said member said other part oi’ its movement, and manually controlled means for imparting to said member said other part of its movement but inoperative to impart to said member said ?rst part of its movement. 45 12. In a dispensing apparatus the combination , with a compartment for material to be dispensed and coinI-controlled means for separating a por tion of said material and dispensing the same from said compartment, of va. econd com partment for material to be dispensed having an outlet, a member movable in said second com partment operable during a ?rst part of its move ment to separate a portion of the material from the rest of the material in said compartment and 55 to retain said portion within said second com partment and operable during another part of its movement to transfer said portion through said outlet, means'actuated by said coin-con trolled means for imparting to said member said operable during a ?rst part of its movement to separate a portion 01' the material from the rest of the material therein and to retain said portion within said second compartment and operable during another part of its movement to trans fer said portion through said outlet, means actu ated' by said coin-controlled means for impart ing to said member said ?rst part of its movement but inoperative to impart to said member said other part of its movement, and manually con 10 trolled means for imparting to said member said 4 other part of. its movement but inoperative to impart to said member said ?rst part of its move ment, said manually controlled means compris ing a plurality of pivotaliy connected members having a limited relative movement. 14. In a dispensing apparatus the combination with a compartment for material to be dispensed and coin-controlled means for separating a por tion of said material and dispensing the same '15 20’ from said compartment, of a second compart ment for material to be dispensed having an out let, a member movable in said second compart ment operable during a ?rst part of its movement to separate a portion of the material from the 25 rest of the material therein and to retain said portion within said‘ second compartment and operable during another part of its movement to transfer said portion through said outlet, means actuated by said coin-controlled means for im 30 parting to said member said ?rst part of its move ment but inoperative to impart to said member said other part of its movement, manually con trolled means for imparting to said member said other part of its movement but inoperative to im 35 part to said member said ?rst part of its move ment, said manually controlled means compris ing a plurality of pivotally connected members having a limited relative movement, and a spring annection between said pivotally connected mem 40 15. In a dispensing apparatus, two separate compartments for material to be dispensed, means operable under the control of the operator in accordance with the skill of the latter for re 45 moving a portion of said material from one of said compartments, the combination with coin controlled means for actuating said operator controlled means, and means under the control of said coin-controlled means for discharging a pre 50 determined quantity of material .i'rom the other of said compartments independently of the ma terial discharged from said ?rst compartment by said operator-directed means upon each actua tion of said coin-controlled means, said means for 55 e?'ecting said independent discharge of material comprising a manually actuated mechanism and a member for engaging and discharging said material from the second compartment, said 60 ?rst part of its movement but inoperative to im- ' member being operable only by the successive 60 part to said member said other part of its move ment, and manually controlled means for im parting to said member said other part of its movement but inoperative to impart to said mem 65 ber said ?rst part of its movement, and means for rendering said coin-controlled means inoper ative in the absence of a predetermined minimum amount of material in said second compartment. 13. In a dispensing apparatus the combination ' 70 with a compartment for material to be dispensed and coin-controlled means for separating a por tion of said material and dispensing the same from said compartment, of a second compartment for material tov be dispensed having an outlet, a 75 member movable in said second compartment actuations of said coin-controlled means and said manually-actuated mechanism. 16. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a cabinet, a hopper therein for material to be dis charged therefrom, said hopper having an out 65 let for said material, said cabinet having an out let in communication with ‘said hopper outlet, means within said cabinet associated with said hopper for separating a charge of material from , said hopper and transferring said charge through 70 said hopper outlet, said means comprising a slid able member movable in a rectilinear path, coin controlled ~mechanism within said cabinet for moving said slidable member through a part only of said path in one direction, mechanism for 75 9,109,868 . 7 within said cabinet associated with said hopper completing the movement of said slidable mem ber through the remaining part of said path in for separating a charge of material from said hopper and transferring said charge through the same direction, and means mounted on the said hopper outlet, coin-controlled mechanism cabinet externally thereof for operating said last _ mentioned mechanism. 17. In a dispensing apparatus comprising a cabinet, a hopper therein for material to be dis charged therefrom, said hopper having an outlet for said material, said cabinet having an outlet 10 in communication with said hopper outlet, means within said cabinet for partially actuating said separating'means, mechanism for completing the actuation of said separating means, and means mounted on the cabinet externally thereof for operating said last mentioned mechanism. WILLIAM RABKIN.