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Патент USA US2110177

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March 8, 1933-
2,110,177
c. H. ROHRIG
BANK PROTECTIVE SYSTEM
Filed Feb. 25, 1937
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March 8, 1938.
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2,110,177‘
BANK PROTECTIVE SYSTEM
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Filed Feb. 23, 1937
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Patented Mar. 8, 1938
2,llt,l77
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2,110,177
BANK PROTECTIVE SYSTEM
Charles H. Bohrig, Jefferson Township, Fayette
County, Iowa, assignor of one-half to Charles
A. Thorman, Oren Township, Fayette County,
Iowa
Application February 23, 1937, Serial No. 127,099
2 Claims.
My invention relates to improvements in pro
tective systems for banks and other institutions
other valuable property or documents subject to
Various modi?cations in the details of construc
tion and arrangement of parts of the structures,
and apparatus with their connections, may be
made without departure from the principles and
attack by force or robbery.
scope of said inventions as de?ned in the fol
or buildings which receive or contain money or
~ 5
One object of my improvements is to supply
a robber and bullet proof structure, including
cooperating window closures also of bullet proof
material, the assemblage being thus protected
'10 against felonious attack.
Another object of my improvements is to pro
vide the inclosure with bullet proof bendable joint
connections between compartment walls or cages,
is
or between the front and side walls of booths
which are single‘ compartments, the joint con
nections meeting angularly and whereby the said
walls may be positioned relatively as desired at
different angles apart.
Another object of my improvements is to also
supply in the structure of the inclosure support
ing posts whose components are ?re and bullet
proof casings rigidly connected, for joining the
parts of the inclosure walls and armoring, and
wherein certain of the posts are constructed with
H. channeled seats to receive and seat the openable
armored window closures.
Another object of my improvements is to cover
the window openings and other adjacent open
portions of the inclosure in alinement therewith
horizontally with ?re-proof netting whose rela
30
secured, and exhibiting electrically operable, and
other means, for simultaneously lowering the clo
sures, and Fig. 2 is an elevation of the front of said
structures as seen from a lobby, and with the win~
dow closures raised as in Fig. 1. Figs. 3 and 4 are
respectively catch devices for the laterally alined
window closures when elevated, and arranged
suitably for exercising a balancing effect upon
the closures while simultaneously falling when
the catches are suitably relatively shifted in their
differently directed positions. Fig. 5 is a side
elevation of the intermediate bearing for the op
erating rock-shaft, with a portion broken away,
to show the structural arrangement adopted for
preventing any displacements of the shaft lon 25
gitudinally or crosswise in the bearing other than
those proper for its functioning. Fig. 6 is an en
larged horizontal cross section of one of the ar
mored posts and closure-slideways.
Fig. 7 is a
horizontal cross section of the bendable curvate
said open portions, when the window closures are
Figs. 8 and 9 are vertical cross sections of the
pairs of closures as in lowered positions.
Figs. 1 and 2 are representations of a unit
manent closure therefor of bullet proof wire net
ting or other suitable armor.
Another object of my improvements is to sup
ply window closures, whether single or double,
with cushioning means to thus prevent injury to
a user when the closure or closures are falling
upon a counter.
' Another object of my improvements is to fur
nish means for equalizing or balancing the ac
tions ofthe relatively movable component win
dow parts while operating, to thus insure equal
and satisfactory functioning thereof.
55
The invention is illustrated in the drawings
?led herewith. Fig. 1 is an elevation taken from
the rear, of the Windowed armored structures,
with the window closures raised and releasably
bullet proof angle connection between wall parts
clude in the upper portion of the inclosure a per
a
lowing claims.
tively large meshes will afford a clear view from
within the inclosure of the lobby therewithout,
lowered, being closed and thus armored against
attack from without.
Another object of my improvements is to in
“is (.11
(Cl. 20-1111)
Another object of my improvements is to pro—
vide means whereby a teller or other person may
release an upraised window closure or closures,
either singly or in instantaneous closing thereof,
such means being either single, or multi-con
nected and associated for simultaneous action.
of the inclosure.
booth, teller’s cage, or compartment, showing its
front wall structure according to my invention.
While the components of this structure and of
the accompanying mechanisms or apparatus may
be varied, as desired and according to the needs
of a certain business, the construction has been
simpli?ed, and as thought, made particularly suit
able for modern use and conditions.
The numeral 1 denotes a counter, basal sup
porting means for which are not shown. Upon
the counter and its laterally projecting parts are
?xed spaced and armored posts, of compounded
elements and upon whose tops are ?xed longitu
dinal beams, such as a metal beam 9, and above
that an ornamental coping member 3. On its
front or lobby face the posts 2 aid in supporting
the members 9 and 3 on the part i rigidly. At
one end of this beam and post structure, a bend
able curvate or inwardly hollowed corner stand
ard 4 is ?xed thereon by overlapped connecting 55
2
2,110,177
parts and has a rearward supporting post ‘I at
a right angle to the main structure. As shown
in Fig. 2, a crossbeam 2a connects medially or
nearly so the posts 2. Bullet-proof wire net
ting 5, or an equivalent material such as bullet
proof glass or other material, closes the upper
openings between the posts 2 and the cross
beam 2111, while below the crossbeam the lower
openings are closed by a relatively light wide
10 meshed netting 6, through whose meshes the teller
or another person in the cage may View persons
in the lobby. As shown in Fig. 2, a narrow open
ing 6b is provided in the lower part of the netting
6 above the counter I adjacent one post 2 at the
15 teller’s location facing outwardly, the lower edge
of the netting there being secured to a horizon
tal cross-bar 6a,. This opening or port may be
used in the passing of papers or documents out
wardly or inwardly over the counter I, the netting
20 above the cross-rod or bar 6a preventing another
from reaching inwardly from without.
Referring now to Fig. 1 again, the compound
posts shown in Fig. 6 may be used, spaced apart
between the crossbeam 9 and counter I, and hav
25 ing side slideways between outer plates 8a and
metal casings around a wooden core Ill, and sep
arated by a spacing bar 8b.
The said posts have opposite to the slideways,
the outwardly facing inwardly bent marginal
30 plates!) (Fig. 6) secured by bolts I3 to inner chan
neled plates I2 whose margins are seated within
the bent margins ‘of the said plates 9. These
posts afford ?reproof and bullet-proof construc
ery. The upper plate or closure I4 is shown as
lowered to cover the netting 6 in coaction with
the closure I5. On the closure I4 is a rearwardly
projecting catch I4d whose use is to be described,
and a Z-bar Illa is mounted on the lower end
of the closure I4 rearwardly and has a sponge
rubber bar I40 seated in the downwardly open
ing channel of the Z-bar to project therebeyond
downwardly. On the rear upper part of the rela
tively ?xed closure I5 is secured a like but up 10
wardly opening Z-bar I5b seating a similar sponge
rubber bar I5a, and when the closure I4 is down,
the two rubber bars are in contact. When the
closure I4 is suddenly lowered by the teller, his
hand is not injured if hit thereby when on the 15
cushioned bars I40 and I5a between them.
At the opposite side of the middle post 8, the
narrower upper closure I6, as shown in Fig. 9,
slightly overlaps the lower movable closure II
when both are in their lowered positions. When 20
all of the closures I4, I6, and II are raised, the
lower closure I'I overlaps the lower part of the
closure It to a greater extent, placing the lower
ends of the closures I6 and I4 in alinement, as
shown in Fig. 1. In the Fig. 8 the closures I5
and I? are'shown as lowered together to entirely
close the teller’s window space below the bullet
proof netting 5. The closure I5 has a forwardly
bent top ?ange Ilia. On the backing member
II is ?xed an- upwardly opening angle-bar IIb.
carrying a sponge rubber bar Ila, so that the
latter is a cushion for said closure when down.
The lower closure member IT has a rearwardly
tion, as the inclosed wooden cores It cannot be extending horizontal loop Na and below this on
35 destroyed ordinarily by outer ?res, but only' the lower end of the forward face of the closure ;
slightly charred in some cases, and thus the metal is a Z-bar I'Ib seating a depending similarly pro
coverings are supported from warping.
In Fig. '7
jecting cushion bar I 10. With the cushioning
devices of the closures of both Figs. 8 and 9, a
gins secured to wood and metal posts‘ of slightly teller, if his hand is caught between a descend
different construction. The post 2 is reversely ing heavy closure and the rigid structure beneath, 40
bent to receive the side edges of the nettings 5 and is not injured because of this cushioning effect.
5, and a wooden core 2a is seated in the post. The
I have provided means for instantly dropping
other margin is bent angularly to inclose and ?t a the single movable closure I4 and both of the
wooden core ‘Ia. 'It is obvious thatthe inwardly movable closures I6 and Il ‘simultaneously.
hollowed plate 4 may be bent straight to be in When the latter pair are dropped the lower clo 45
practical alinement with the fronts of the wall sure I’! covers the narrow opening 51) under the
structures and uniting adjacent cages, or may be
crossbar 6a.
bent and shaped in curvature to direct a side wall
The numeral I8 denotes a horizontal rock
at a desired angle rearwardly from the front wall
shaft seated in bearings 22, I9, and 23 on the 50
of the cage.
The posts 8 are shown as having different three posts 8. As shown in Figs. 1 and 5, the
widths of spacing, but may be evenly spaced if bearing-block I9 has the shaft I8 seated in a
traversing opening of its boss. The boss has a
desired. In these interspaces and vertically slid
able in the slideways forward of plates 8a are short circumferentially directed slot I9a trav
ersed by a headed ?xed pin I8a radially to rock
bullet-proof window closures. The window clo
sure I4 is wider than the other upper closure 56, with said shaft. The pin prevents longitudinal
but both are substantially of the same length, shifting of the shaft in said bearing, and also
so that when raised they are behind the whole limits the scope of rocking movement thereof.
Referring to said Fig. 1, a ?xed knob I81) is
of the bullet-proof upper netting 5. A teller
therefore has a distinct View through the lower provided on the rock-shaft I8, convenient for 60
Wide-meshed netting 5 of any person approaching. the teller to use manually in rocking the shaft
The view is widened through the interspaces of to release it from‘ both of the catches I'Ia and
the bars 8a largely, giving the teller opportunity Mid, so that the movable closures may descend
to see an approaching robber at a distance, and suddenly and simultaneously. When there is oc
affording the opportunity to quickly lower .the casion to close all the closures in case of an
closures by either of different agencies at hand, impending attack, and the shaft I 8 is by universal
or to close all of the closures simultaneously by ' joints connected in multiple sections, a teller may
the appropriate means. Below the closure I4 a
by the use of the‘ knob I8b rock the jointed shaft
narrower stationary plate I5 closes the lower to close all the closures together. However, in
portion of the netting 6. Below the upper closure order to insure of such a multipleclosing, I pro
I6 is seated a narrower and overlapping closure vide other means therefor,‘ operable from any 70
plate I'I.
closure window or other location, by electric
Referring to Figs. 8 and 9, in Fig. 8 is shown devices shown.v
a vertical section of the closure plates I4 and I5,
vOn one extremity. of the rock-shaft I8 are a
the one upwardly movable and the latter station
pair of narrowly separated ?xed arms I80. The
‘ the curvate corner plate 4 is shown with its mar
40
45
50
55
60
65
v
70
75
2,110,177
numeral 29 denotes a solenoid magnet device
with movable projecting core 2'! connected to and
between the arms I80 by a link 26. A traction
spring 25 is connected between the pair of arms
I80 and the curvate plate 4 above, tending to
draw the core 28 outwardly when the electric cir
cuit is open. This circuit consists of the pair of
conductors 32 and 33 extending from the ter
minals 3i and 30 of the solenoid and including
10 a source of electrical energy, such as the battery
34. This circuit may contain any desired num
ber of loops 32 and 35, etc., to like solenoid ap
paratus in or near cages or other locations at a
distance, and push-buttons on cross-wires to per
15 mit energizing the solenoids simultaneously, caus
ing lowering of all closures.
Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, and at ?rst to Fig. 3,
a lug 2| is mounted on the rock-shaft I8 to nor
mally be erect thereon, while on the same shaft
20 another lug 20 depends therefrom ?xedly and op
positely to the ?rst mentioned lug 2| . Screws
200. may be used to secure the lugs to the shaft.
A downwardly channeled arm 21a is pivoted at
one end to the top of the lug 2| at a corner there
of, the opposite termination of the arm project
ing from the lug as a, detent to engage the round
ed tip of the triangular catch Md to thus sup
port the closure ll releasably in its raised posi
tion. In Fig. 4 an arm 20?) is shown as pivoted
30 to the lower end of the lug near one corner there
of and has its outer termination beveled to en
gage and support the middle portion of the loop
l1a on the lower closure H, a spring 200 being
connected between the upper part of the lug 20
35 and to the termination of the arm 20b opposite its
beveled end, the spring tending to yieldingly re
tain the arm extended as shown in Fig. 4, for
keeping it in a position to support the loop as
shown.
When the shaft 18 is rocked in the direction
40
shown by the arrows in Figs. 3 and 4, the closure
l4 being supported in a raised position by its
catch Md engaged by the arm Zla, and the loop
Ila simultaneously engaged by the arm 201), the
45 rocking of the shaft in this direction causes both
lugs 2| and 20 to release the catch Md and loop
Ila, so that the single closure l4 and the pair of
closure elements It and I‘! drop simultaneously
freely to their lower positions as shown in Figs.
50 9 and 8 respectively, completely barring access
to the. cage below the bullet proof grille or net
ting 5. This arrangement of said lugs 2| and 28
extending oppositely on the shaft and in use en
gaging the catches Md and Ila in advance of and
55 in the rear of the shaft results in an equalization
or balancing of the actions thereof in assuring an
evenness of simultaneous movements of the 010
sures.
It will be understood, that any desirable means
60 may be used to rock the shaft I8, after the c1o~
sures have been manually lifted to engage the
catches and lugs respectively, to thus drop the
closures simultaneously, by manual or other
65
means.
'
3
I claim:
1. In a protective system of the character de
scribed, in combination, spaced end and medial
armored posts having vertical lateral guide slide
ways, an armored beam connecting rigidly the 5
tops of said posts, an armored beam connecting
rigidly the middles of said posts, grated windows
between said posts and beams, horizontally alined
bearings secured on said posts, a rock-shaft
mounted in said bearings, a crank-arm on the 10
rock-shaft opposite one of the lower windows and
having a terminal latch end-pivoted thereto to
project therefrom, a crank-arm on the rock-shaft
opposite the other of the lower windows and pro
jecting oppositely relative to the ?rst-mentioned 15
crank-arm, a terminal latch end-pivoted to
the second crank-arm to project at its free end
therefrom, a resilient connection between the
free end of said latch and the crank—arm, ar
mored closures vertically slidable in said guide 20
slideways, a med catch on one closure releas
ably supported on ther pivoted latch of the ?rst
crank-arm in one position thereof, and a ?xed
catch on the second closure releasably supported
on the resiliently controlled latch of the second
crank~arm when the ?rst catch is supported on
the pivoted latch of the ?rst crank-arm, where
by in their said positions relative to the opposite
ly directed crank-arms, the said closures are sub
stantially counterbalanced and adapted to de 30
scend simultaneously when the rock-shaft is
rocked in a direction to withdraw said crank
latches from beneath the catches on the closures.
2. In a bank protective system, in combination,
spaced posts having lateral slideways, a rock
shaft mounted across said posts, window closures
alined horizontally between said posts and hav
ing side parts slidably seated in said slideways,
a crank-arm on the rock-shaft opposite one of
the closures and having a terminal latch end
pivoted thereto to project therefrom, a crank
40
arm on the rock-shaft opposite the other of said
closures and projecting oppositely relative to the
?rst-mentioned crank-arm, a, terminal latch end
pivoted to the second crank-arm to project at its
free end therefrom, a resilient connection be
tween the free end of said latch and the crank
arm, a ?xed catch on one closure releasably sup
ported on the pivoted latch of the ?rst crank-arm
in one position thereof, and a ?xed catch on the
second closure releasably supported on the re
siliently controlled latch of the second crank
arm when the ?rst catch is supported on the piv
oted latch of the ?rst crank-arm, whereby in
their said positions relative to the oppositely di
rected crank-arms, the said closures are substan
tially counterbalanced and adapted to descend
simultaneously when the rock-shaft is rocked in
a direction to withdraw said crank-latches from
beneath the catches on the closures, and con
trollable means for at times rocking the rock
shaft to thus release the closures from the crank
arms, and at times to releasably secure the clo
sures in opened positions.
.
CHARLES H. ROHRIG.
65
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