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March 8? 1938. M. E. WEESIES . 2,110,185 FILING DRAWER .Filed Jan. 22, 1936 5 Sheets-Sheet l INVENZ‘OR. Manna vE. Wws awe BY WMIDd/a ATTORNEY. March 8, 1938. M. E. WEESIES 2,110,185 FILING DRAWER Filed Jan. 22, 1936 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Manna E. Wze/s [as BY MG» W, pal/6L ATTORNEY. arch 8, 1938. I M. E. wEEslEs 2,110,185 FILING DRAWER Filed Jan. 22, 1936 3 Sheets—Sheet 3' \\ INVENTOR. Manna E, W¢w?®s BY ' "I. r ATTORNEY. Patented Mar. 8, 1938 ET 2,110,185 FILING DRAWER Menno E. Weesies, Muskegon, Mich., assignor to Browne-Morse Company, Muskeg-on Heights, Mich., a. corporation of Michigan Application January 22, 1936, Serial No. 60,284 4 Claims. My present invention relates to improvement in ?ling drawers and particularly to improvements in follower locks for the drawers of ?ling cabi nets, ?ling trays and boxes wherein to ?le docu 5 ments, letters, cards, circulars and the like. The objects of my improvements are, ?rst, to provide a positive lock for the follower for holding the said documents, letters, cards and circulars, un der pressure against the inner side of the drawer, 10 tray or box front; second, to provide a lock for the follower that will be simple and cheap to construct; third, to provide a lock for the fol lower that will hold the follower against the ?lled contents with equal force at each side; and, 15 fourth, to provide a follower that will automati cally become locked against displacement by force exerted by the ?led contents. I attain these objects and others, that will become apparent from a perusal of the descrip 20 tion taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet drawer in which is incorporated my invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 25 Hill-400 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the follower look ing at the ?ling face thereof. Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the ?ling follower, follower lock and a portion of 30 the drawer. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the ?ling follower and lock mechanism taken on line 200-—200 of Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the lock releasing ' hand lever. Fig. 7 is an edge view of the locking bar with one end in section, and, Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the locking members. Throughout the drawings, similar reference characters refer to similar parts, and referring thereto: I represents the ?ling cabinet drawer consist ing of a front panel 2, back panel 3, bottom 4, 45 provided with groove 5 in which is ?ling lea?et holding rod 6, supported by member 1. The drawer l at the outer side of the front panel 2 is provided with handle 8 and index card re ceptacle 9 and on the rod 6, head 6a whereby the 50 rod 6 may be unscrewed from the drawer and removed for the removal or replacement of ?ling lea?ets. The sides IU, of the drawer, at their tops are folded into the channels H, extending substantially the length of the drawer and in 55 spaced relation to the channels it the sides of (01. 129-27) the drawer are bent to form the rectangular channels l2, in each of which is held loosely at one end by' the screw l3, locking rods M, one extending substantially the length of each chan nel l2 and having at the opposite end from the 5 anchor screw l3, transverse placement bar l5 secured to the channel walls. Within the drawer l is the slidable ?ling follower plate [6, at its bottom folded into a stiffening ?ange H, at its top into the angular extending ?ange l8 and up ward extending portion [9 having stiffening fold 2B, and intermediate the bottom and top of the follower at its back face and secured thereto, locking member housing 2| containing the lock ing bar 22 arched to form a spring tension 15 throughout its length and having at each of its ends, a hole 23 with gripping tongue 24 extending from the arched convex side of the locking bar 22 to form a gripping tongue for engaging the locking rod l4 and at its concave side fulcrum bends 25 resting against guide bar 3| having at each of its ends holes 32 through which locking rods M extend and are guided by the upper and lower sides thereof. Secured to the follower it below the housing 2| and closing the under side 25 thereof is member 26 extending downward and upward to form a fulcrum groove I00 for the resil ient lock releasing member 21 of sheet or plate metal bent and shaped to desired form with its lower end resting in the fulcrum groove Hill of 30 the member 26 and held therein by screw 28. At the side of the lock releasing member 2'! and ex tending transversely therefrom in the direction of the locking bar 22 and resting thereagainst is the tongue-like extension 29 whereby the locking bar is depressed by the unlocking forward move ment of the lock releasing member 21. At each side of the follower I6 and secured thereto as by welding are trough-like guiding members 30 which slide in the channels l2 of the drawer sides and maintain the follower in proper alignment within the drawer. In the operation or use of my present improve ments, the follower l6 and lock releasing member 21 are grasped at their tops by the operator’s 45 hand and brought in contact with each other. In doing so the locking bar 22 is depressed by the tongue 29 to a straightened or reversed curved position, thus releasing the locking rods from the cramping grip of the sides of the holes 23 and tongues 24. The bends 25 act as fulcrum points for bending the locking bar. When the follower and lock releasing member are in contact, the locking bar 22 is released from gripping the lock ing rods I4 and the follower may then be moved 55 2 2,110,185 as by sliding to any longitudinal position within loosely held rods in the said channels of the the drawer and upon releasing the follower and drawer. 2. In a ?ling drawer having a ?le follower therein, the drawer having a front panel and lock releasing member, the locking bar 22 springs to its arched form and grips the locking rods by cramping the locking rods between the sides of the holes 23 therein and the tongues 24, thus instantly and securely locking the follower in its exact adjusted position. In my present application I haveshown and 10 described the locking bar 22 as of one member embracing the locking rods l4 and as arched longitudinally and as having a spring tension to two sides extending therefrom, each side hav 5 ing a channel intermediate its top and bottom; a rod in each channel loosely anchored at one end against longitudinal displacement; a re silient arched bar embracing both of said rods‘ with a tongue at one side of each of said rods .for gripping the same; a plate fulcrumed on the ?le follower and engaging the arched bar for , cause the locking bar to grip the locking rods. , releasing the grip of the said bar on the said Also, I have shown and described, for clearness, 15 my invention as installed 'withinga cabinet'draw rods for the purpose speci?ed. 3. In a filing ‘drawer having a ?le follower er. It is to be understood the invention is ap therein,‘ the drawer having a front panel and plicable to containers such as desk trays and two sides’extending therefrom, each side hav boxes wherein are kept index ‘cards and :the like. ing=a;channel‘intermediate its top and bottom; The invention is de?ned in the appended claims a rod in each channel loosely anchored at one and is to be considered comprehensive of all forms end against longitudinal displacement, a resili 20 of structure coming within their scope, and, ent. archedbar embracing both of saidrods with Iclaim: a tonguefor grippingthe same, a plate fulcrumed 1. In a ?ling drawer having a ?le follower on the ?lefollower and engaging the arched bar therein, the .drawer having a front panel, back, for releasing the grip of the said bar on the said 25 :bottom and sides'each having a'channel extend rods for the purpose speci?ed. ing from adjacent the drawer front to adjacent I4.,In =a ?ling vdrawer, having a i?le follower, the drawer back; a rod loosely held at one end .aSfront and two sides, each-side having an out in each of said channels; means carried by the wardly extending channel and a locking rod an said follower for gripping saidrods; the said grip chored in each-of said channels, an arched fol~ .ping means consisting of a resilient :arched bar lower locking bar carried by ‘the follower and 30 perforated at each end with ya tongue extending ' extending between the said-locking rods and lock ‘from the convex arched side of said bar and at ingly engaging the same when the locking bar is one side of each of said perforations; and a inits arched form and means associated with the releasing memberconsisting of -a~metal plate ful 235 crumed at one end and having an extension said follower for depressing the locking bar to ‘unlocking engagement with thesaid locking rods. 35 ‘engaging the said arched .bar forbending the same to release the grip of ‘the bar from the E. WEESIES.