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Патент USA US2110185

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March 8? 1938.
.Filed Jan. 22, 1936
5 Sheets-Sheet l
Manna vE. Wws awe
March 8, 1938.
Filed Jan. 22, 1936
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Manna E. Wze/s [as
MG» W, pal/6L
arch 8, 1938.
M. E. wEEslEs
Filed Jan. 22, 1936
3 Sheets—Sheet 3'
Manna E, W¢w?®s
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
Menno E. Weesies, Muskegon, Mich., assignor to
Browne-Morse Company, Muskeg-on Heights,
Mich., a. corporation of Michigan
Application January 22, 1936, Serial No. 60,284
4 Claims.
My present invention relates to improvement
in ?ling drawers and particularly to improvements
in follower locks for the drawers of ?ling cabi
nets, ?ling trays and boxes wherein to ?le docu
5 ments, letters, cards, circulars and the like. The
objects of my improvements are, ?rst, to provide
a positive lock for the follower for holding the
said documents, letters, cards and circulars, un
der pressure against the inner side of the drawer,
10 tray or box front; second, to provide a lock for
the follower that will be simple and cheap to
construct; third, to provide a lock for the fol
lower that will hold the follower against the
?lled contents with equal force at each side; and,
15 fourth, to provide a follower that will automati
cally become locked against displacement by
force exerted by the ?led contents.
I attain these objects and others, that will
become apparent from a perusal of the descrip
20 tion taken in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet drawer
in which is incorporated my invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line
25 Hill-400 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the follower look
ing at the ?ling face thereof.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the
?ling follower, follower lock and a portion of
30 the drawer.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the ?ling follower
and lock mechanism taken on line 200-—200 of
Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the lock releasing
' hand lever.
Fig. 7 is an edge view of the locking bar with
one end in section, and,
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional
view of the locking members.
Throughout the drawings, similar reference
characters refer to similar parts, and referring
I represents the ?ling cabinet drawer consist
ing of a front panel 2, back panel 3, bottom 4,
45 provided with groove 5 in which is ?ling lea?et
holding rod 6, supported by member 1. The
drawer l at the outer side of the front panel 2
is provided with handle 8 and index card re
ceptacle 9 and on the rod 6, head 6a whereby the
50 rod 6 may be unscrewed from the drawer and
removed for the removal or replacement of ?ling
lea?ets. The sides IU, of the drawer, at their
tops are folded into the channels H, extending
substantially the length of the drawer and in
55 spaced relation to the channels it the sides of
(01. 129-27)
the drawer are bent to form the rectangular
channels l2, in each of which is held loosely at
one end by' the screw l3, locking rods M, one
extending substantially the length of each chan
nel l2 and having at the opposite end from the 5
anchor screw l3, transverse placement bar l5
secured to the channel walls. Within the drawer
l is the slidable ?ling follower plate [6, at its
bottom folded into a stiffening ?ange H, at its
top into the angular extending ?ange l8 and up
ward extending portion [9 having stiffening fold
2B, and intermediate the bottom and top of the
follower at its back face and secured thereto,
locking member housing 2| containing the lock
ing bar 22 arched to form a spring tension 15
throughout its length and having at each of its
ends, a hole 23 with gripping tongue 24 extending
from the arched convex side of the locking bar
22 to form a gripping tongue for engaging the
locking rod l4 and at its concave side fulcrum
bends 25 resting against guide bar 3| having at
each of its ends holes 32 through which locking
rods M extend and are guided by the upper and
lower sides thereof. Secured to the follower it
below the housing 2| and closing the under side 25
thereof is member 26 extending downward and
upward to form a fulcrum groove I00 for the resil
ient lock releasing member 21 of sheet or plate
metal bent and shaped to desired form with its
lower end resting in the fulcrum groove Hill of 30
the member 26 and held therein by screw 28. At
the side of the lock releasing member 2'! and ex
tending transversely therefrom in the direction
of the locking bar 22 and resting thereagainst is
the tongue-like extension 29 whereby the locking
bar is depressed by the unlocking forward move
ment of the lock releasing member 21. At each
side of the follower I6 and secured thereto as by
welding are trough-like guiding members 30
which slide in the channels l2 of the drawer sides
and maintain the follower in proper alignment
within the drawer.
In the operation or use of my present improve
ments, the follower l6 and lock releasing member
21 are grasped at their tops by the operator’s 45
hand and brought in contact with each other. In
doing so the locking bar 22 is depressed by the
tongue 29 to a straightened or reversed curved
position, thus releasing the locking rods from the
cramping grip of the sides of the holes 23 and
tongues 24. The bends 25 act as fulcrum points
for bending the locking bar. When the follower
and lock releasing member are in contact, the
locking bar 22 is released from gripping the lock
ing rods I4 and the follower may then be moved 55
as by sliding to any longitudinal position within
loosely held rods in the said channels of the
the drawer and upon releasing the follower and
2. In a ?ling drawer having a ?le follower
therein, the drawer having a front panel and
lock releasing member, the locking bar 22 springs
to its arched form and grips the locking rods
by cramping the locking rods between the sides
of the holes 23 therein and the tongues 24, thus
instantly and securely locking the follower in its
exact adjusted position.
In my present application I haveshown and
10 described the locking bar 22 as of one member
embracing the locking rods l4 and as arched
longitudinally and as having a spring tension to
two sides extending therefrom, each side hav 5
ing a channel intermediate its top and bottom;
a rod in each channel loosely anchored at one
end against longitudinal displacement; a re
silient arched bar embracing both of said rods‘
with a tongue at one side of each of said rods
.for gripping the same; a plate fulcrumed on
the ?le follower and engaging the arched bar for
, cause the locking bar to grip the locking rods. , releasing the grip of the said bar on the said
Also, I have shown and described, for clearness,
15 my invention as installed 'withinga cabinet'draw
rods for the purpose speci?ed.
3. In a filing ‘drawer having a ?le follower
er. It is to be understood the invention is ap therein,‘ the drawer having a front panel and
plicable to containers such as desk trays and two sides’extending therefrom, each side hav
boxes wherein are kept index ‘cards and :the like. ing=a;channel‘intermediate its top and bottom;
The invention is de?ned in the appended claims a rod in each channel loosely anchored at one
and is to be considered comprehensive of all forms end against longitudinal displacement, a resili 20
of structure coming within their scope, and,
ent. archedbar embracing both of saidrods with
a tonguefor grippingthe same, a plate fulcrumed
1. In a ?ling drawer having a ?le follower on the ?lefollower and engaging the arched bar
therein, the .drawer having a front panel, back, for releasing the grip of the said bar on the said
25 :bottom and sides'each having a'channel extend
rods for the purpose speci?ed.
ing from adjacent the drawer front to adjacent
I4.,In =a ?ling vdrawer, having a i?le follower,
the drawer back; a rod loosely held at one end .aSfront and two sides, each-side having an out
in each of said channels; means carried by the wardly extending channel and a locking rod an
said follower for gripping saidrods; the said grip
chored in each-of said channels, an arched fol~
.ping means consisting of a resilient :arched bar lower locking bar carried by ‘the follower and 30
perforated at each end with ya tongue extending ' extending between the said-locking rods and lock
‘from the convex arched side of said bar and at ingly engaging the same when the locking bar is
one side of each of said perforations; and a
inits arched form and means associated with the
releasing memberconsisting of -a~metal plate ful
235 crumed at one end and having an extension
said follower for depressing the locking bar to
‘unlocking engagement with thesaid locking rods. 35
‘engaging the said arched .bar forbending the
same to release the grip of ‘the bar from the
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