close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2110276

код для вставки
March s, 1938.‘
2,110,276
H. H. RUMPELv
v CRUSHER
Filed Feb‘. 5, 1936
‘
I Patented
*8, ‘1338
2,1102% ; .
. /
*
Eb?‘ TATES“
" _‘ 2,1‘1‘0376'
PATENT-"QFF'I‘CE’iv
'
i.
"
l
I 7'
i
g
,
‘
'causrma
,
~
.
Harvey H. ltumpel, Milwaukee. Wis" assignor to ,- ‘
Smith Engineering Works, Milwaukeavwlig? ‘a '
'
_
corporation of Wisconsin
_
g
g
‘
,
_
,
‘ [Application February 5, 193a, swarm.‘ 162,464
1 Claim. ; (c1. Isa-L10)‘
"
of this specificationin
.The present invention relates generally to im- ’
_ ‘
are identified by »,suitable reference characters,
' provements inthe art‘ of reducing “hard sub- -
~ Fig. 1 is a central vertical section through a
stances such as rock and/ore, and relates-more
specifically to variousimprovementsiin the con
. gyratory crusherembodying the: improvements; .
5 struction and'operation ofgyratory crushers es- . - , Fig. 2 is a fragmentary transverse horizontal: 6 .
section through‘ the machine,_take_n along the»
* ‘F1843 1*‘ mther'sim?ar 'se'cuan terrier. j ,
pecially adapted to be utilized as reduction crush‘
. era ‘for producing relatively coarse granular prod- . line 1-3. 9131s,- 1; and '
I
uctofunif'ormsize..
a
.
An object of the invention is to provide an
.;
the line H-of F13, 1! 11 -_I _ > .
g
>
7 While the improvements have beenv shown and, 19.
19 improved lcrusherrwhichis simple and compact
in construction, and which has enormous capacity’ described
a gyratorycrusherof
herein as being
a particular
speci?cally
typefespecially
appliedlgto
and is'highly emcien't in operation.3
‘ ,w
1 .Another ‘object of thevinvention is'to provide. adapted for reductlonipurposes as distinguished
‘a new and useful gyratory crusher assembly,.of from primary breaking, itis‘not the intent to. "
15 durable structurewhereiri the'various parts are unnecessarilyrestrict the scopebysuch‘spacing~ l5v "
e?ectivelyprotected against loosening, vbreakage, embodiment, sincesome of’thelimprovedafeatureslj andg'entry of gritty substances. _, A,
‘
‘
'
are ' obviously'more generally..fapplicable.-i‘ f
'
A further object ‘of the invention‘ is the-pro; > I ,Referring'tcethelidrawingfthe/vertical gym-visionof simple ande?lcientlmeans for preven't- ' tory crusher shown therein comprises in general
- '
'
20 ing breakage of main crusher parts in case ‘pieces a normally gyratable‘inner crushing member or, 20:
10! uncrushable substancesofrelatively largesize
head
land{carried
having a, by‘the
frustro-ccnical
upper end
protecting
of a .WJQIIEH»,
mantle; - ’
b if an annular normally-stationary outer crush-9f.
. are accidentally. admitted to the-crushing cham
berL
'‘
,
‘
‘A
'
in'g. member or concave 'Tsurroun'ding the head.
I and having adownwardlyjand outwardly liar-V‘,v
. “Still, another object ofthe invention istc'prc
'25 videv improved 'instrumentalities. for protecting
theadiusting mechanisms and bearing of a crush
in‘g-v removable annular liner 0 .surroimdin‘gland” ;-1 ’
overlying the head imantle 0 to form an annular‘,
er, against ingress of dust and lack of lubricants;
additional speci?c obiectlof'the. invention ~ downwardly extending and outwardly spreading‘l
is. 'to' vprovide improvedconcave j supporting and " crushingchamber 0;.’astationary main frame, 30
3? adjusting structure for gyratory crushers or the I] constituting a firm support for‘ the concave ‘I
like, and also improved head supporting and ‘at? and liner 8; andla, rotary eccentric ll, journaled
s .ln thejmairiframe llfand' in a bearing‘ member‘
~ taching mechanism. i
‘
'
-'
Another object vof the invention is’ the ‘provision ~ I 2 secured to this frame, this eccentric coacting
c'f'anqimproved crusher driving eccentric, the.“ " with the main span I to mace thefheadl and‘
' 35 internal. and external'bearing surfaces ‘of which jmantle' .I _- relative ; to“ the concave 1‘ and‘ linerv I v‘
; g
‘ v will be. automatically and abundantly lubricated during ‘normal operation of the'cmsher.
\
during normal operation of the machine.
.
'
-
; A‘ further object of" the invention is to ' r'ovide
The head 4 maybe of conical formation‘ as" .'
‘shown, or it" may be of'substantially semi-spheri-'
‘ ‘an improved gyratory crusher, ‘the-bearings .of ' cal, form, and has ‘a relatively rough outer suri ~
40 which are ‘properly vprotected jand lubricated .at 7 face and a central tapered bore' snugl'yifitting the'i40 ‘
all times, and which can- be manufactured and upper'taper'ed end‘ I 3 of the shaft 5. The upper
extremity of the shaft 5 is ‘provided with an inter _
operated atminimumcost;
. j
‘ g
"
gral threaded portion ll‘ of reduceddiameter '
Still another object of th invention is the prof‘ projecting‘upwa'rdly
beyond the head 4‘, and ~the '
-_. vlsionof improvedhead a'nd concave'linerlattach? frustro-‘conic‘al mantle
t fhas'its lower interior
[are
simple
in
construction‘
and
" _4”. meat:
' _ provided Withf?-II annular projection whlchgis
efIectivein-use.
_,
_.
y_
for vdirect coa'ctionwith thew'lower' end ‘
_' These and other objects andadvantages‘oi' the‘ v"tapered
of the head l. A‘ retainer nut i5 has screw thread
invention will be‘appare'nt from the‘following de coaction
with the ‘reduced portion ll of the main"
50 A clear v'conceptioncf embodiments of thesev ' shaft'i, and coacts vdirectly with the upper end 50
taileddescrip'tion.‘
'
"
‘
'
-
"
=
'
'
eral ‘ features constituting the present improve; , a of
the mantle ,Bbut is spaced slightly‘ ‘from ‘the '
head 4. The nut "has atop plate ""welded"
operating ‘,gyratory’crushers, built‘ in accordance verticaldiametrically.opposite
thereto after threading of the nut,
through
and holes v|"|
,:-with the improvement, may be had ‘by referring
adaptedjto
receive
a
spanner
wrench
during '-ap-- .55
55,: wine drawing- accompanyingand forming a part
' ment, and-of the mode of constructing and of
3 "£119,271 "
M."
m.
MW
M
“mm;
mm,”
M
m m
mm.
vm
anM
“mm.
w
a
Hmw
...p
wM.“
HUM
M
m.w
.4
w.m
Em
M
W
m
U
w
W
“Mai:
(
mum”
"hm
m3 Wm"mu.
'
1
' |"|V.',1g1iis' ashramashlar‘intestate’ '
' and ‘will "rotate the pump 1 be‘gdu‘ringhormal '09:"
enticed-the crushewhereby csusi?g-a a
"
'nstantlyldeliverabl'
"
‘
ofItli'e; eccentric, ;l'l_l.. a
. whjénihe irhae?iiiéis .runnlha rllhéltllrsstbe
- ing, 11], isgo'f, usual fcons‘tructiomg'pr’efe bl
lrig " outwardly‘ ‘directedggropyefs‘for 'c'ond
1" thereover, and the arrow "s'ide' of'the'loweri'pori"
10V tiqnwithe. eccentric
‘
A,
.t
k.
,
s.
provide’ an a 61:1“ vnear
. .tne‘iowerpbéarmgss. a‘ madman. <i>p
- groovejll wurpermitm'
delivered ~frbmtli‘e
'
'
attenedeassli?wniéta
ms» t
undant‘quanjtit
'
?rearms! ,
15"
the
cape‘.freely‘jfromrthetop:of
maximums "rmittill‘isft?sth groov. ‘In:v , - l, “
'
gearfehamberpy 50.1 The inner Tc'centricQb ’ ar
551s .lp'roviifled[withv summarise‘: groove 3 '
tendmgrrqm'thebottom,
“ ' top of'theeccen:
the
er endllwlthi'the gearlch'amber 'in‘suc
4s] a‘ridtfthegpinion‘ 4s
I T , testing .911‘ delivered ‘fromi't'h'e groov
grooves may. pals
" " headbearing "surface ,jl's engine? games 1 1115
‘ X
. n -‘ 63
20,serves;,as,formed at an
theoil-thrower
off-set ‘between
for slinging
the surfaces“;
excess oil
frorh'the ‘surface 19 against ‘the ’ inner“ annular:
surface of ."the‘ supporting member vl2 from
lithe crushing ‘stresses become excessive; one}. or ‘
whence this oil is drained‘by, ‘gravity through-g;j more of the safety washers lIllmaybreak; Break- ‘
openings Nlinto thegear chamber 50. ‘ A‘ ?exible {,‘ageof one'or more ofthesewashers will allow the]
cs
‘ concave supporting» ‘ ring ' 25 = to" "move" away from
oil
‘delivered
ringsurface‘
65‘from
is interposed
the
lip 63
may- be
the,
supplied
member
to the vfrlimi!'?alnge'38,thus immediatelyie'nlarglng
‘ . sealing
l2 and
the
20, and
abetween‘
slight
amount
of their
- '
~I,.th_e ‘discharge openin'g'fromthe chamber 8 to a5 >
this ring 65 by capillary attraction through wicks ' ‘sufficient extentv to permit the uncrushable ob; _ 40"
86., The oil from within the/chamber’ 50, after ; 'structionto pass. 9 Suchbreakage ofthewashersv
3. lubricating the gears, as'well as other oil from the , 4n willoccur onlyin't-he-event that the crushing;
roller bearings 53, is discharged through an' open- ‘ stresses. become excessivelyfgreat'. , ~
7
} 'ctly fromthe;
v " ‘ ,The pump 59. which is‘ driven’dir
Although the normal operation; of the‘ im-V-vv eccentric will be constantly operated during nor-1‘
ing 61 to thesource of supply for the pump 59; ' ‘
>
45
. proved gyratory crusher [should-be apparent from i ‘mal/ operation‘ of the‘ crusher, as previously‘ eic'f- ''
v‘ '1 the foregoing detailedvdescription, aresume of‘ plained, and‘, oil - will ‘be constantly supplier-1n" '
abundant ‘quantities-to thefthrust bearingy'yl‘l
such operation may be desirable.
Thematerial to be reduced is admitted-into the i ' and to_ the large opening =58. I vThe voil delivered, >
‘ hopper wall 23 and drops by gravity directly into from the thrust .gbearing‘?l‘l ‘will flowthroug'ha
50
the annular crushing chamber 9 without’necesf the groove ?ll and will lubricate the lower'outer
sitating the use of’ feed controls associated with ' bearing 43, ,qDue-ito the faict?thahthe’upper ‘a
, the crushinghead. The concave ‘I i's-normally " end oftbe groove ill is closed or restricted, the >
' ?xed relative to the main frame “Land the'head‘ 'oilsurrounding the thrust ' bearing f" will be"
l is being gyr‘ated relative to the ‘concave by the
y ’
subjected to‘ pressure sufficient to cause the same
revolving eccentric II, the head, I being’ free to » ~to‘?ow thmugh'fthe groove ‘Stand thereby z'ef- >
rotate ‘however about the'central axis of the main fectively-vlubricate' the _bearing 55. '7 The excess
1 oil ?owing from the open top of the?groove
'60
'
shaft ‘5 and relative to the eccentric I L
thev
pieces of‘material advance'by gravity along. the‘ 16! will pass along‘the surface,_,I9'-andthrough
downwardly and outwardly ?aring crushing, the groove 82 ‘and; will thereby e?ectively lubri 500
chamber _9,_they are‘intermittently crushed‘ be-; cate the bearing 44 and the headbsupporting
tween the :rapidly- approaching and receding ' surface. v The oil ?owing from the lip '63 land
crushing surfaces of the ‘mantle 6 and ‘liner 8, v; ' delivered overthe wicks ‘86 will insure abundant
~v
and the resulting fragments constantlygravitate oiling or the sealing ring» is‘, and; the excess, ‘on
toward
the lower dischargeopening of the crush-g passing’? through ' the opening‘ 64 Ytogether" with
65
ing zone, being further reduced during such _ad-.v that delivered from " the'_ groove; 62,, will ‘insure:
'vancemen't until they are ‘of asize sufficiently‘ 7 abundant lubrication ‘of theigear u‘ and pinion
small to pass through the portion of the discharge ' vl9. _Ali of'ithe'bearingglarethus automatically
opening having minimum width. Due to the
peculiar formation and relative disposition of the
‘ crushing- surfaces of the head mantle and ‘con
cave liner, the pieces of material will be subjected
and effectively-c lubricated, ,as well as- being .pro- I -‘ I
teeted ‘against ingressof dust and other forei'gni
matter.v
‘
'
"
"
'-'
The improved head" mantle attachment com- , _'
to several successive crushing. impulses of about _ prising?the' nut 15 of'special' constructionv coa '
'
the same intensity and magnitude just prior to ‘acting withtheifllling' metal is, provides‘arlgid
and
-du'rable,_lfastening
~'for’_normally
securing
'75‘v
minimizing
dis;
'
final
discharge
thereof,
thereby
II
a
I
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
1 212 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа