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Патент USA US2110285

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March 8, 1938.
L. P. BAR LOW
' 2,110,285
BOTTLE LOCK
Filed Jan. 15, 1935
11v VENTOR ‘
04.41% f?mzw
.
I
I
MAM
A TTORNb Y
2,110,285
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,110,285
BOTTLE LOCK
Lester P. Barlow, Stamford, Conn.
Application January 15, 1935, Serial No. 1,836
13 Claims. (Cl. 215—32)
This invention relates to a bottle intended to
insure the genuineness of its contents at the
time of the purchase of the bottle and its con
tents by the ultimate consumer. Bottles of this
5 general class have particular utility at the pres
ent time in the marketing of wine, whiskey and
other spirituous liquors.
Because of the activities of bootleggers, who
have operated to defraud the United States Gov
10 ernment of taxes by utilizing old bottles, par
ticularly bottles which have contained some of
the better and more widely advertised brands
of spirituous liquors, which they re?ll and seal
with counterfeit seals, and because of the conse
15 quent defrauding of legitimate distillers of good
whiskies and the makers of other spirituous liq
uors, considerable inventive e?ort has been di
rected toward the discovery of a bottle which
would completely foil the bootlegger.
These efforts have been mainly along two lines:
20
in the ?eld of what are known as non-re?llable
bottles, that is, bottles which retain their iden
tity but are supposed to be so designed that when
the contents are removed they cannot be re?lled,
25 and in the ?eld of what I prefer to term “non
repackageable” bottles, that is, bottles which
when once opened may never again be re?lled and
resold as an original package because, in the act
of opening the bottle, an integral portion of the
30
bottle must be destroyed.
>
‘
Because of the fact that bottles are necessarily
made of glass which, even when annealed by the
most modern annealing methods, still has ex
tensive internal strains, attempts heretofore
,35 made to provide a satisfactory non-repackage
able bottle, particularly for use in the marketing
of spirituous liquors, have proved to be abortive.
These attemlpts to design a non-repackageable
bottle, which necessarily involve a breaking away
40 from the bottle structure of what has been an
integral portion thereof, have been of such de
sign and character that splintering' or slivering
of the glass practically always occurs in the
breaking operation and that, in addition, there
45
is apt to appear upon the part of the bottle which
remains, an extremely sharp and frequently
jagged edge likely to injure the hand of the user.
Also, the breaking could not be controlled so as
to- follow a de?nite line of cleavage which could
be depended upon.
It will be readily appreciated
that in this art the breakage must be certain and
along de?nite lines in each case. Even one bad
break in ?ve thousand bottles would make a par
55 ticular type of bottle unsatisfactory,
For this
reason, there is not on the market today a single ‘ A
non-repackageable bottle as herein de?ned.
Even in those cases where the bottles have
been so designed that the slivers or splinters of
glass would not be likely ‘to remain in such posi
-5
tion as to appear later in’ the drink itself, no
attempt has been made to eliminate automati
cally the danger due to the leaving of sharp
vand/ or jagged edges on the bottle itself. More
over, it is obvious that the splintering or slivering
of the glass in the act of opening the bottle, with
the consequential scattering of the splinters or
slivers about the point of opening, is objection
able, as anyone will appreciate who has under
taken to locate glass splinters or slivers on ?oors 15
or rugs. This is especially true when bottles are
opened in private homes, as is so commonly the
practice under the present methods of vending
spirituous liquors.
.
'
A further reason why so many attempts here
tofore to make non-repackageable bottles have
proved to be abortive is that their designs have
been impracticable from the standpoint of
economical manufacture in bottle making plants.
The present invention aims generally so to de
sign and construct a bottle of the non—repack
ageable type as to eliminate the objections in
part above recited which have rendered the at
tempts heretofore made‘ to solve the non-repack
ageable bottle problem abortive.
30
More particularly the invention aims to pro- I
vide a bottle, so constructed as to require the
breaking from the bottle of an integral portion
thereof to obtain access to its contents, which is
also so designed and constructed that the break 35
ing act may be performed with consistency with
the practical elimination of liability to the for
mation of splinters or slivers.‘
The invention further aims to insure that in
the rare event that slivers or splinters should be
formed there will be no scattering of these about
the point of the bottle opening and no danger of
their ever either entering the bottle or any con
tainer into which its contents may be poured nor
of their in any way injuring the one who opens 45
the bottle or anyone who» thereafter uses it.
In addition to providing for a splinterless
breaking off of the removable part of the bot
tle and for insurance against scattering splinters
in the rare event of a defectively annealed bot
50
tle not responding to the normally to be expected
rupturing action, the invention aims to- insure
that there will be left exposed on the opened bot
tle no sharp and/or jagged edges which could in
anyway injure the user of the bottle.
55
2.
2,110,286
In addition to providing a bottle requiring the
destruction of a, portion thereof to obtain access
to its contents, which will overcome the objec
slot in a particular manner, I can ?rst apply'the
rupturing force to a tapering section of the neck
at each end of the slot, and then to the full cross
tions to bottles of this type heretofore designed, > section of the neck. This facilitates greatly the
obtaining of a rupturing action rather than a
the invention aims also so to improve the design of
a non-repackageable bottle as to facilitate both
its manufacture and its ?lling. These impor
tant featuresof the invention will be referred to
incidentally in connection with the following list
10 ing of the more distinctive features ‘of the inven
tion.
.
‘
Y
sharp snapping and breaking of the neck.
The cleavage plane de?ning and initiating slot
being preferably cut through both surfaces of the
bottle neck so that it makes an opening through
the neck wall, it is desirable; in order that the 10
,
bottle may bev adapted'for ‘?lling by .the‘ modern
I In the manufacture of bottles, after the bottle “ vacuum ?lling processes, that this opening be
is molded into its ?nal shape, the entire bottle, 2 closed in some manner at the time the bottle is
including the neck, is thoroughly annealed.v This tonbye ?lled.
I
An "important feature of the invention is the 15
15 annealing operation results in a substantially '
uniform distribution of the surfacestrain over utilization of . aresilient ?exible covering mem
the entire surface of the bottle, both inside and , ber for performing‘ at ‘least three important func
out. From this is will be apparent‘ that if any;
weakening of the structure is to be provided for
First,.by its contracting action, when the bot
20 the purpose of directing a fracture, it will not be tie is opened by removing the upper part of the 20
effective to prevent splintering if the weakening
neck after " rupturing-Ito shieldthepart of the
slot, or depression, or hole, or whatever is de
signed for this purpose, be molded into the struc
rupture remaining on the bottle so that it will
not'comewinto' contact with the‘ hands of the
user; secondly, to'cover-the area of severance and
to maintain the‘ severed portion in position after
ture during the molding of the bottle, since its
surfaces willbe subjected ‘to the same anneal
ing operation and therefore will have distrib
uted over them their proportion of the surface
.30
severance; and in 'therear event that slivers or
splinters may break off in therupturing opera
tension. This has been one of the causes of the
tion, to cover and con?ne. these against move
failure of non1-r'epackageable bottles'heretofore
ment awayifromv the bottle and against" contact
with the hands .of the'user, and, thirdly, while
still in positionzon= the bottle before rupturing of
designed.
‘
'
I vhave discovered that by cutting, a slot vin
the bottle neck after the bottle has been, com
_pleted,'including the annealing operation, and
preferably causing this slot to intersect both the
35 inner and outer surfaces of the bottle neck, I
‘ initiate-a plane of cleavage, or‘sometimes two
planes of cleavage because, of course,'the slot
has substantial‘ width, which} insure the rupture
of the upper part of the bottle neck from the part
140 toremain- on the; bottle when opened with sub
stantial freedom from'splintering or slivering. , In '
the removable, portionpof the neck, to serve as a
closure for‘ the slot to permit vacuum ?lling of
the bottle, to keep dirtvandidust out of the slot
and to:- act as av valve to‘ relieve any pressurethat
might :~form,.in the‘ enclosed space above the
bottle,v stopper hereinafter to ‘be'referred to.
Itv will ‘be, ‘obvious , that any ‘ internal pressures
vbeing exerted onv the removable‘part of the bot,
tle neck at the-time rupturing pressure is exert
edathereonwill tend, to {interfere with the ‘uni
fact, splintering or slivering is an‘ extremely rare - formity of; the rupturing or..ripping action“ and
occurrence. , When I speak of two planes ‘of ‘ therefore might cause undesirable shattering. '
cleavage I, am referring to the fact that when
the sides of the slot‘are spread to effect the
rupture of the removable portion of the neck from
thepart which remains integral-with the bottle
as, for example; by they use of the keyherein
after more speci?cally to be described, the plane
50 of cleavage may coincide with the upper wall of
the ‘slot at ‘one end and with the lower wall of
the slot at the other. end. However, the fact
that there is a slight initial spacing of the two
j -It‘wil1~be noted also ,that lthisecovering. mem
her is useful ,in other ways.‘~ For example, by
reason of its being located over the rupturing slot
it 'is'n‘ecessary.<that:the;key be pushed through
the coveringrnember to ente1‘;;the ‘slot whichin- '
sures'wipingof‘the key both as it is inserted and.
as it is ‘withdrawn, the“ covering’ member being 8.6
preferably; formed of some ‘highly, resilient ma
terial'like'rubber:
I
~
;
-
»
.
The removable portion.‘ of the bottle neck, to
planes of cleavage does not appear to affect the , which ‘attention has been particularly directed
splinterless character of the rupturing operation hereinabove, preferably. ‘ forms the =maj or - part
since the entire section of the neck appears to of qancenclosinggchamber for the bottle stopper
be sufficiently weakened so that they slight offset proper;_the bottleistopperremaining in the bot
of the two planes istaken» care of by a minute tle when the removablelpart of .the neck has been
offset fracture where the two fractures meet on brokenf away "from the: bottle but being‘ then
60 the opposite side of the neck, the rupturing be
readily removable by-hand so that the user “may
ing progressive.
.
As above suggested, the sloticut into the bot»
tle neck-to initiate and define the location, of the
cleavage plane is of'such a naturev that when a
open ‘and- close the‘ bottle atv will until the con
tents, are. removedl.v .
>
.
_
‘Important, features, of the invention reside in
spreading force is directed against the Walls
‘the construction'and arrangement ofv the bottle
stoppingmeans to permit ‘the removal of the F
thereof it will effect the rupturing of the remov
able part of the bottleneck; 'I ?nd that a very
upper part‘ of the bottle neck without interfer
' desirable method of applying this spreading force
ence therewith and to,‘ permit readyw utilization
of the bottle stopper after the'removable part
‘to the walls of the slot to secure the desired uni
.70 formity ofv rupturing action is to use a tool exert
ing a‘cam action-on the slot‘ as, ‘for example, a
key having one of‘its dimensions such ‘that it
will‘ readily enterthe slot and its dimension, when
venient manipulation ‘of the‘bottle stopper, that
it be located above the plane of fracture of the
removable part of the bottle neck from the bot-.
turned, suchythat 'it effects the desired spread
575 ing action; I; have, found also that ,by- shaping the
that is economical tomanufacture and'conven
of the neck has been broken off.
‘
"
v
' ‘It is desirable, from the standpoint of con
tle. > To provide for this ina bottle construction
‘70
3
2,110,285
Figure l is an elevation of the invention ap
ient to assemble, I provide a hollow cork’ extend
ing through a restricted portion of the bottle
neck and a stopper ?tting into this hollow cork,
plied to the neck of a bottle;
this hollow cork preferably extending above the
restricted portion of the neck into the enlarged
chamber provided by the removable portion of
itiating key;
»
Figure 2 is a section through the bottle neck
of Figure 1 showing the use of the rupture-in
Figure 3 shows the bottle neck and its ‘cover
the neck and there being reinforced by a metal
ferrule surrounding it so that it cannot be rup
ing after the upper portion has been broken off;
tured or otherwise injured by the act of in
serting and removing the stopper. The metal
ferrule also protects it against injury during the
operation of breaking off the removable part of
portion;
the bottle neck. In addition the ferrule forms
a limit surface against which the resilient cov
of operation of the key;
15 ering member may contract as the upper severed
neck portion is removed, and for the purposes
already indicated and hereinafter emphasized.
Important features of the invention are the ar
rangement of this cork extension and its sur
rounding ferrule in a chamber formed by a re
movable part of the'bottle neck which has its
inner wall so spaced from the cork ferrule that
the rupturing operation ordinarily will not cause
engagement of the removable part of the bottle
neck with the ferrule; the location of the rup
ture-initiating slot at a point sufficiently above
the restricted portion of the bottle neck and
Within the enlarged portion thereof as to provide
a cavity into which, in the rare event of the
3O formation of slivers or splinters, these slivers or
splinters may fall or be forced by the contract
ing action of the surrounding resilient sleeve and
the provision of a shoulder upon which the fer
rule seats itself both to determine the position of
the cork and to provide a positive stop for the
stopper, thereby positively locating the upper
face of the stopper at a predetermined point in
the bottle neck.
.
Other important features of the invention to
40 which speci?c reference has not been made here
inabove are the provision on the outside of the
bottle neck of a rib or bead extending both above
,
_
Figure '7 is a section of the bottle neck showing
the slot cut therein;
'
15
Figure 8 is an elevation of the resilient sleeve
member forming a part of the illustrative em
bodiment of my invention;
~
Figure 9 shows a modi?cation of the mean
20
for indicating the location of the slot.
Referring now more particularly to the draw—
ing, reference numeral l0 indicates the neck of a
bottle, the construction of which is best illus
trated in Figure 2. Into the restricted portion
of that part of the bottle neck which is to re 25
main a permanent part of the bottle, is inserted
the hollow cork H provided with a ferrule l2
which abuts against a shoulder l3 and limits the
inward movement of the cork II. The cork II is,
however, preferably long enough so that it ex 30
tends downward into the bottle beyond the most
restricted portion of the neck in order to expand
into an enlarged portion and thus resist too easy
removal. The ferrule l2 preferably extends over
the upper edge of the cork II and thus provides
an abutment for the head N5 of a stopper l5
which‘ may be made of porcelain or any other
suitable material and which serves with the cork
to provide an effective closure of the bottle and
convenient access to its contents when the re 4-0
movable portion of the bottle neck hereinafter to
structure at this point and serving as a retaining
device for the resilient covering member, as
hereinafter indicated; the tapering of the out
side face of the removable portion of the bottle
main bottle‘closure and to prevent the cork and ‘
neck in such manner that the resilient covering
member tends to lift the removable section away
from the part integral with the bottle, immedi
ately upon rupture, thereby preventing any tend
in II! ency of the two ruptured faces to grind against
each other when the bottle user starts to pull
the removable section out of the surrounding
covering; the formation of a bead or rib upon
the upper margin of the bottle neck to permit
60 the formation of a shoulder for the seal by which
permanent structure from interfering with the
its surrounding ferrule I2 and the stopper I6 from
interfering with the rupturing action. As shown
in the drawing, the inner wall of the part of the
bottle neck above the shoulder‘ l3 tapers uni
formly up to the shoulder or seat 34 hereinafter 55
to be described.
The bottle neck is sealed above the stopper
head E6 to prevent access thereto, except by
breaking off the upper part of the bottleneck in
the manner hereinafter to be described, in the 60
the bottle is rendered tamper-proof, and the pro
vision of indicia by which the rupture-initiating
slot may be located to permit the ready insertion
of the key through the covering member into the
following manner:
slot.
resisting properties as glass so that it cannot be
While I have discussed generally the subject
matter of my invention and the means embodied
therein, it will readily be understood that there
are other features which will be apparent after
study of the detailed description of the invention
and which I may refer to incidentally in the
detailed description. For the detailed description
I will refer to the accompanying drawing where
75
_
Figure 5 is a section of the slot-engaging part 10
of the key shown in Figure 2;
Figure 6 is a detailed section showing the mode
be described has been broken away from the per
manent structure of the bottle.
The bottle neck above the shoulder I3 is of such
inside dimensions that a space is preferably pro
vided between the ferrule I2 and the inner wall
of the bottle neck to prevent the rupturing of
the removable portion of the bottle neck from the
and below the ferrule-supporting shoulder here
inabove referred to and having the important
functions of facilitating the casting of the inside
shoulder, providing reinforcement of the neck
65
Figure 4 is an elevation of the broken off upper
m
.
'
'
Above the head N5 of the stopper I5 is placed
a fibrous washer member H which supports a
layer of cement l8 while the same is hardening,
the cement being of a type having the same acid 65
removed by acids without at the same time show
ing, by injury to the bottle neck itself, that the
bottle has been tampered with. The cement 18
also serves to lock in position a cap [9 which 70
may be made of metal or any other suitable ma
terial. If desired, the cap’ it‘ may also be made
of glass. The shoulder or seat 34 provided in the
upper end of the bottle serves two purposes,-—-it
serves to locate the cap l9'and also to provide’an 75
4,
2,110,285
abutmentwiwhich' prevents any I possibility ‘of
working a tool past the cap to the under side of
,. the layer- of cement I8. I a
>
‘ItRWIILbB understood that the fibrous member
gressive fracture of ‘thebottle neck, starting from
each» tapered end of the slotted section, which
might be ‘compared to a ripping action and which
proceedswithout the formation of slivers or splin
l1 serves both to prevent the dropping of the ‘ ters of glass.
cementbelow .the desired level, in other words, ,as
, abottom form for the molding operatiomand at
removable neck is‘ intentionally provided 'for.
“1838811113 time actsas‘a cushion between the stop
per head IBand the cement layer I8, when set,
The portion Illamust be rigid and unyielding in
order that a real ripping action be obtained along
10 soithatsuch pressure as wouldnormally be exert
ed on the stopper llieitheriby expansion of'the
bottle’ contentsorr by expansion of the cement
would not cause undesirable ; strains, interfering
‘ with aneasy rupturing or ripping. action, but
15
It should be emphasized here that
the substantial heighth of the portion Illa of the
would be taken up by the yielding-of. the cushion
Ila-Expansion in the chamber formed in the
upper part of the bottleneck itself will vent it
self through the slot hereinafter to be described.
the axis of the slot.
The substantial heighth of 10
portion Illa contributes this rigidity.
=
-
It willbe noted that'the slot 2| is cut in the
bottle neck substantially, at-the line of junction
of. the enlarged-rib or bead portion ll of the neck
with the upper part of the'neck, and it is impor
tant that the cleavage plane initiated by thisslot
be substantially coincident with the plane of this
line of junction.’ To insure this with absolute
is
A pressure-relieving space 2011s ‘also "preferably
accuracy, de?nite relationships , are established
provided between the upper surface '01’ the ce
between the top of the bottle neck and the various 20
ment layer [8 and‘ the sealing member I9,
other features characterizing this invention, such
- As 'I have indicated‘hereinabove, the bottle is
as therlocation of the bead M, the shoulder l3,
etc. and therefore, when cutting the slot 2|, the
cutting tool may be given its cutting location by
reference to the top of the bottle neck as, for 26
example, by a suitable gage resting against said
molded into is ?nalshape, with the‘ exception of
' the formation of the ‘slot, andthoroughly an
nealed before therupture-initiating slot is formed.
This slot is- then formed by cutting, the bottle
neck being placed in a suitable cutting machine, top. At this point it will be well to indicate also ,
for example, one ‘provided with arubber bound that the bottle neck is taperedv outwardly both
abrasive wheel which cuts a groove 2| in the neck
'
g
This groove or slot, as shown in Figure 7, pref
upwardly and downwardly from the slot. ‘This
tapering is, I have found, very important ‘in con 30
?ning the, severing to the plane'of the slot 2|,
erably extends through both surfaces ofthe bot
tle neck,—both the outer and inner. surface,—so
that the cleavage plane thus initiated extends
through both bottle surfaces in which the strains
upon action of the tool.
30 l0,as is best shown in Figure '7.
have been substantially-uniformly distributed by
meansof the annealing operation.- This creates
r
'
In connection with my invention and consti
tuting a part thereof in the preferred embodi
ment, I employ a resilient rubber sleeve member 35
liwhich has a series of functions. In the first a
place, it is very important that bottles be so con
whatissometimes designated as'a weak section structed that they may be ?lled by recently dei
which ,has essentially a tendency‘to fracture, vised vacuum ?lling systems.‘ My sleeve 25 serves,
40 whenspreading pressureis brought to bear upon ' asshown in Figure l, to close the slot 2| and thus 40
the walls 'ofthe'slot or'groove'2 I , in aplane across‘
the-bottle neck coinciding substantially :with what may be designated'as the plane of the groove or
to permit vacuum ?lling of the bottle, the closing
by the sleeve being substantially a sealing action.
slot 2|. ‘It will also be noted'that any spreading
pressure brought to bear against the walls of the
slot will first act against'the sharply tapered por
the upper half Illa. of the bottle neck from'the
permanent bottle structure, takes place consist 46
ently and almost without exception without the
Although'the rupturing action, whichseparates
tions of the remaining neck» section ‘and then‘ formation of any splinters or slivers of glass; in
against the full neck cross section;
_
'
In.~addition,- the'groove or slot 2| is preferably
order to insure against possibly defectively an
nealed'bottles, the sleeve 25 extends suf?ciently
cut; so that its plane is substantially normal to above the cleavage plane so that if splinters‘ or 50
the-axis of the bottle neck‘and‘ therefore the’ slivers of glass should be accidentally formed
cleavagexplane' will’ be substantially normal to' they will be prevented froml?ying away from the
the bottleneck. The slot 2|, however,‘ having bottle or from being left in such a position'that
substantial width,;it is found in practice, possibly they could in’ any way mix with the contents of
by reasonof the fact that ‘the pressure upon the the bottle. ,
a
,
'
55
two sides of the slot is not exerted in the same
vertical plane, that therupturing action starts
As best illustrated in Figure'2, the sleeve 25 is
so ‘placed that it must be pierced :by the key 22.
in: two planes‘slightly offset fromeach other but
both normal to, the-axis of the bottle neck, these
planes being close .enoughtogether so-that the
offset rupturenecessary to connect them forms
without any tendency to shatter the glass.
Naturally the outward movement‘of the key after
it has performed its spreadingfunction will per‘
mitthe resilient member 25 to wipe off the blade 60
23., When the upperportion “la is then pulled
upward, the shape of the sleeve and the shapeof
Figure 5 illustrates the spreading section of the .
key 22,~this section being‘ denoted by the refer
ence numeral ‘23,-’ g
e'
'
-
'Figure 6 illustrates the action of thesection 23
in~theeslot 2|. ‘It willbe observed that" during
the major rotation'of the portion 23 within the‘1
slot 2| it does'not exert vany substantial spreading
force. on the two walls‘of the slot. During the
last;part 'of-itsmovement it acts to separate the
upper i-andulowerv walls,_this spreading action be
ing substantially parallel to the axis of the bottle
this portion initiating a short separating move
ment at the time of rupture, the upper bead 26
of the sleeve will snap inward against the ferrule 65
l2, ‘thereby forming a pocket into which anysliv
ers' or splinters of glass that, in a rare event,
might accidentally be formed would. be forced
and con?ned, the head '26 and the immediately
adjacent "portions of the resilient member 25 70
forming a shield over the section 21 of the rut»
ture, as‘will be quite apparent. It will also 'be
quite apparent that the bead or rib H of theneck
neck, This exertion of a steady vertical pressure . will serve‘to maintain the sleeve 25 in the position
25 separating thetwo walls of the slot effects a pro
shown in Figure 3,’ the sleeve 25 being also pref 75
g
2,110,285
erably provided with a bead on its lower edge to
reinforce the resiliency or" the sleeve at that point.
In View of the description just presented, it
will be quite obvious that the sleeve 25 serves to
permit vacuum ?lling, to wipe off the severing
In order to indicate the position where the
55
,
slot, a shoulder on the neck, a ferrule on the
15 cutting end of the blade 23 of the key is to
pierce the covering member 25, a colored dash
45
I
at the time of the severing action, to snap over
form a. pocket with the ferrule to receive frag
ments of glass in the very rare event that any
should be formed.
40
_
or spreading key as it leaves the severed sec
tion, to cover the point of rupture or severance
10 when the severed portion is removed, and to
35
and into said slot.
2. A bottle of the class described having a
neck, said neck having a slot into which a tool
may enter to exert a force to sever the neck
substantially in the plane of said slot, a hollow
cork ?tted into a portion of the neck below said
the rough or severed section to cover the same
20
by said tool when it is moved against said area
cork adapted to impinge againstthe neck shoul
der to determine the depth of insertion of the
cork, that portion of the neck above said shoul
10
der being of such size as to leave a space be
tween the neck and ferrule, said slot being lo
cated above the neck shoulder.
3. A bottle of the class described having an 15
outer neck, said neck having a slot into which a
28 may be imprinted on the member, as best tool may enter to exert a force to sever the neck
shown in Figure 1. The vertical plane of the substantially in the plane of said slot, a pour
cutting position will preferably be indicated by ' ing neck in the inside of said bottle and sub
stantially coextensive with said outer neck, said
an arrow 29 molded into the bottle neck,
In Figure 9 I show a modified form of the slot being located in a portion of the outer neck
covering member 25 in which the lower bead opposite said pouring neck but below its pour
30 of the sleeve 25 extends downwardly against ing end, and a resilient member arranged about
said neck and adapted to snap over the slotted
a bottom shoulder 3! on the neck, which serves
and severed sections of the neck and against
to facilitate the proper location of the sleeve
the surface of the pouring neck after the tool
on the bottle neck and to insure its maintenance
in such location. I also show a modi?ed form ‘has operated and as the severed neck portion is
of indicating means comprising a pair of lugs removed.
ll. A bottle of the class described having an
32 molded integral with the bottle neck and
outer neck, said neck having a slot into which 30
serving to press outwardly a portion of the
member 25, thereby to indicate the position of a tool may enter to exert a force to sever ‘the
neck substantially in the plane of said slot, a
the slot 2|.
It is also to be noted that, in all forms of the pouring neck in the inside of said outer neck,
substantially coextensive with said outer neck,
invention, the slot 2| and the shoulder l3 are
so offset vertically that, in the event that slot and having a pouring end extending above the 35
slot in the outer neck, and a resilient member
2! should carelessly be cut in a plane slightly in
clined to the axis of the neck, the cleavage plane arranged about said outer neck for piercing by
a tool entering said slot and adapted to snap
will not run below the shoulder 13, with the
possibility of a sharp edge of the removable part over the slotted and severed sections of the outer
Illa engaging and tending to pull out the cork I i. neck and against the inner pouring neck after
the tool has operated and the severed neck por
The term “rupturing” has been used through
out the speci?cation and in some of the claims tion is removed, the resilient member being so
to describe the breaking, fracturing or severing formed, and the neck portion on which it is
action which takes place when the key operates mounted being so shaped, that the said resilient
to remove the removable part of the bottle neck, member is maintained in constant tension but
is restrained against creeping upwardly on said
the term rupturing having been selected as pos
sibly more accurately descriptive of what actually neck, while adapted to snap against the inner
takes place. As I have pointed out above, the pouring neck when the severed neck portion is
parting of the two parts of the bottle takes place removed.
5. A bottle of the class described having an in
by a progressive movement starting at each ta
pered end of the slot 2| and is more analogous tegral outer neck permanently sealed, an inside
to a ripping action than the usual fracturing pouring neck substantially coextensive with said
action that takes place when glass is cut. This outer neck, removable closer means for said in
side neck inaccessible while said outer neck is
possibly explains the complete absence of splin
integral and sealed, said outer neck having a slot 55
ters, slivers, ?akes or chips of glass in the ordi
into which a tool may enter to exert a force to
nary operation of opening the bottle.
While I have shown and described a particular sever the neck substantially in the plane of the
embodiment of my invention, I believe that I slot, and a resilient member ?tted about said
have made a relatively broad contribution to the outer neck for piercing by a tool entering said
60 art in the ?eld in which I am working.
I feel
entitled, therefore, to claims of the scope of those
hereto appended.
slot and adapted to snap over the slotted and
severed sections of said neck after severance
thereof and removal of the severed portion in
This application as to common subject-matter
is a continuation of my application Serial No.
cidental to rendering said inside pouring neck
738,953, ?led August 8, 1934, for Letters Patent
for improvements in Bottle looks.
6. A bottle neck for the purposes described
comprising a portion having a substantially cy
lindrical passage and a top portion having a
I claim:
1. A bottle of the class described having a
neck, said neck having a slot the walls of which
present shearing edges at the outer surface of
the neck and into which slot a tool may enter
to exert a force to rupture the neck substantially
along the axis of said slot, a covering member
for said slot having a penetrable area between
75 said shearing edges, and adapted to be penetrated
and closure accessible.
_
concentric passage of greater diameter, the in
ner Wall of the top portion being abruptly off
set irom the inner wall of the ?rst-mentioned
portion to form a seat for an inner dispensing
neck, an inner dispensing neck in said top por
tion and seated on said seat, said top portion
having a rupture initiating cut extending through
2,110,983
' the wall thereof'in' a plane above said seat and
10. A bottle having a neck with a slot v‘therein
adapted for the insertion of a tool medially there
7; A bottle neck for; the purposes ‘described of to apply rupturing pressure against the walls
comprising a portion having‘a substantially cy~ of the slot, the slot being so formed that the‘
lindrical passage and a top portion having a con
remaining section of the neck to be ruptured
centric passage of greater diameter, theinner ‘ terminates at each end in points sharply tapered
' wall of the top portion being abruptly offset ‘and with said points forming the portions of the
remaining neck structure nearest thev medial
fromgthe inner wall ofv the ?rst-mentioned por
tion to form a seat for an inner dispensing neck, point of the slot at which rupturing pressure must
'10 said top portion having a' rupture initiating cut‘ necessarily be applied by said tool, whereby. rup 10
extending through the ‘wall thereof in a-plane turing pressure will ,?rst‘be applied 'at'said op
substantially parallel thereto.
~
above said seat and substantially parallel thereto,
posite sharply tapered points and then‘PrOgres-L
a resilient guard covering said out and of such sively therefrom until the bottle neck is ruptured
‘initial con?gurationth'at it moves into covering ‘ by a progressive substantially ripping action. E I
11. A bottle neck having a rupture determining
15 relation to the face and edges of the fracture on
- the permanent neck‘ystructure when the remov
slot cut therein and‘ traversing entirely the wall
i)
able" top‘ portion is severed therefrom ,to-render j of said bottle neck, said neck tapering gradually
said inner neckv accessible.
' for a substantial distance upwardly and out‘
8.. For rupturing‘ a bottle having "a rupture ' wardly from said slot.
‘
~
12. A bottle neck having a rupture determin 2 0
20 plane determining slot cut‘ through a segment of
the neck thereof ‘in a plane substantially normal ing slot cut therein and traversing entirely the
to the axl‘syof the neck, andv'a resilient shield wall of‘ said bottle ‘neck, said neck tapering‘ up;
about said'bottle neck' covering said slot and of wardly and. outwardly from said slot, the upper
such resiliency that it will contract over and shield portion‘ of the neck above the slot being 01' subs‘
stantial heighth so as to‘ form a relatively rigid 2 5
25 the surface of vthe fracture on the ‘permanent
neck structure when‘gthe removable section has
body.
been broken o?, a key having a sharp‘end con- '
structed to piece said shield and freely enter said
slot in one position, and a section constructed,
30 to spread the walls of said slot when turned
thereafter.
’
~
7
i
r
9. In a bottle of the class described, a‘bottle
neck having concentric inner and outer surfaces,
35
a
i
-
13. The ‘ method‘ of breaking a bottle‘ neck
equipped‘ with a slot and a resilient covering about
the neck and covering said slot, which comprises
inserting a sharp tool ‘through the said covering 3 0
and into the slot, and manipulating the'tooluin
said slot to exert'a pressure to rupture the-Y‘neck,‘
whereby the severing of the'tneck will be ac
said neck having a slot cut through said‘ surfaces complished ‘in a covered and protected zonelwhile
with the angular extent of 'the slot on the’outer ' the tool will necessarily be wiped when removed 3
surface greater‘ than the angular extent of the
slot on the inner-surface, whereby to leave a neck
section terminating in sharply tapered portions
for the purposes described.
- '
-
from the slot.
‘
‘
a
l
‘
'
LESTER P. BARLOW. ‘
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