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Патент USA US2110305

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March 8,- 1938.A
2,110,305
M. MOORE
STORAGE GARAGE
5 sheets-shed 1
Filed Feb. 9, 19:57
B.
A .
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/4-57
B.
/Nvg/vrarz.
Mon ?ague Moore .
ATTORNEY.
March 8, 1938.
2,110,305
M. MOORE
STORAGE GARAGE
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Feb. 9, 1937
5
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INVENTOR.
Montague Moore.
ATTORNEY.
March 8, 1938.
2,110,305
M. MOORE
STORAGE GARAGE
Filed Feb. 9, 1957
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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ATTORNEY.
March 8, 1938.
M. MOORE
STORAGE GARAGE
Filed Feb. 9, 19:57
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
__
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/NVENTo/Z.
Montague ‘lV/ocre,
ÍÃg/u/M»
ATTORNEY.
March 8, 1938.
M. MOOR E
v2,110,305
STORAGE GARAGE
Filed Feb. 9, 1937
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
/Nv5NToR.
Mon?ague Moore
Mié/ß’
ATTORNEY.
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
l
_
UNITED- sTATEs PATENT OFFICE
STORAGE GARAGE
Montague Moore, Burnaby, British Óolumbia,
Canada
`
’
v.élpplicatioiri February 9, 1937, Serial No. 124,833
6 Claims. (Cl. 20-1.13)
My invention relates to'improvements. in storincreasing the number of columns of superim
age garages, which are particularly adapted for
.
The objects of the invention are toprovide a
5 garage structure where all aisles and rampshave
sufficient head room for trucks and high ve-hicles; to provide a` ramp system whereby all
-posed ramps required to serve the several floors.
It is assumed. for purpose of description that
the plans shown in Figures 1` and 2 are set with
that portion adjacent the top of the sheet as Ul
being the north.
The building consists of a receiving floor I and
short time parking of cars.
vehicles after leaving the receiving floor travel
upper fiOOI‘S 2,- 3; 4, 5, 5, '7,_3 and 9, 0f Which 3,
inthe same direction, both ongoing up to their
10 »parking stall and in travelling therefrom back to
5, 'l and 9, are full ñoors and 2, 43,' 5. and 8 are
intermediate floors. The building is bounded by l0
the receiving floor or exit. Further objects, are
to provide a garage whereby different areas are
a north wall I0, a south Wall II, an east wall
i2 and a west wall. I3.
given different classification, such for instance as
red, yellow, blue and green and cars to be parked
15 are assigned to any of the colour areas and that
a ear assigned to any colour area in passing rto
In a building .having eight floors, such as
shown, eight vertical columns of ramps are pro
vided. which are numbered respectively' MA, 15
l41?», MC, 14D, IllE, MF,- I‘JG and MH, each of
or from its stall cannot travel on any ramp or
aisle _occupied by a car assigned to another colour area_ A further object is toprovlde .means
20 where'relatively little double parking is resorted
toto maken economical use of the ñoor Space.
The invention consists essentially of a garage
having superimposed floors separated by intermediate floors of lesser area and a, plurality Of
sets of ramps in which each set serves separate
floor areasfrom the areas served by any other
of the sets of ramps’. as will be more fully de_
WliiCll COl’lSiStS 0f a, plurality 0f upzramps l5l and
dOWnlramDS le 310mg Which all traffic flows in
the same direction, viz: .upto the left and down
t0 the right, the travel being always t0 the east 20
along the SOuth ‘End Of
and t0 the
Weet along the north eiid‘Of the building. Since
vthere are eight upper 1‘1001‘8> iIlClu‘îling` the full
and the vintermediate ñoors, there will be, four
up rampe ‘5 leading frein the receiving ?iOOr I 25
to thefloors. above and there will also be four
down ramps I6 leading from the floors above to
scribed in the following sp-eciñcation and shown
the recelvmg ñ°0r~
in the accompanying drawings, in Which¿_V
30
Fig. I is a plan View of the main ofrecen/ing
floor of the building .
vided with outside connecting trañic aisles I‘I-E y30
_
and I'IW, a centre connecting traiiic aisle I8 and
Fig 2 is aplan View of the uppermost floor
i‘ntermediate connecting traffic aisles I-9E and
Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 6 are proñle views each show
The intermediate ñoors 2, 4, G and 8. consist
„ ing a separate ramp system and the floorareas
J served by said ramp system. The proñles are
of two areas defined by the letters E and W fol- 35
lowing the numeral allotted to the respective
floors, such as the intermediate iloor 2v would
projected charts. taken along the lines A-fB
B-A of Figures 1 and 2.
.
,
'
consist of areas 2E and 2W. -The- intermediate
Fig. 'I is a sectional view taken on the line 'I--ï
40
_
_
_
floor areas` are each provided .with a single con
ß
necting traiiic aisle 20, see Figures 3, 4, 5, 6 and 40
_ I? the drawmgs _hke Characters of refelence
7, which aisles are immediately above or below"
mdlcate Correspondmg' Parts' m'each figure'
For the purpose of description’ the use of C01'
ours or theîrmdex letters such as red of Re blue
one of the intermediate aisles ISE or I9W.
The floor areas on the full. ñoors between the
.walls I2 and I3 and the outer aisles VIE and
45 er B, YellOW 0I' Y and green DI* G Willbe made
m reference to ramps, aisles> and-,Damme Zones
inorder that the `direction of travel of `vehicles
ITW respectively represent single parking spaces «45
2l, and the areas between adjacent aisles con
smute parklng Spaceszï; which are the length
through thebuildine will be more readily Yimderstood.
'
~50
`
.Each >of the full iloors 3‘,_ 5, 'I and 9 `arepro
of two' cars each, but since they are each ae~
cessible from both ends .theyv too may be used
The building shown consists of an arrange-
for single parking and may be deemed single 50
ment of alternate floors referred to as full ñoors
and intermediate floors, all of which are above
the main or receiving ñoor, though it will be
obvious that a similar arrangement of floors may
55 _be provided below the receiving floor without
parking: spaces.
'
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,
‘
Theiioor areas on the‘intermediate floors 2,
4, 6 and 8 are each. of two car. length and there
fore constitute double parking `spaces which are
indicated'. by the numeral. 23".' ; '
55
2,110,305
» red, blue, yellow and green and will be indicated
on the drawings by the index letter of the respec
' tive colours such as R, B, Y and G.
it will be noticed that the ramps do> not extend 10
upwards beyond floor 1 but the ramps could, if
desired, be carried beyond this point to'provide
iioor until the Aattendants have time to> runthem
to their respective stalls.
for rerouting of cars from the blue areas to
another ramp series in the event of Ian accidental
traii‘lc block on any'of the ramps of the blue ramp 15
Each profile view is taken as a line extending
in the direction of travel ofthe cars in moving
15 from the receiving floor up to any lfloor served
file of the south half of the _building and the
right-.half of proñle view represents the ramp
proiile of the north half of the building, so that
the horizontal length of a proñle view represents
25 aA complete contourV of .a ramp system of the
building.
It will be noticed that 'the up ramps in the
.
ure 4 showing the floor areas assigned to “blue”
which they are to be parked. If. a rush develops
~10 cars maybe ‘temporarily left on the receivingk
20 half of the profile view represents the'rarnp pro
,Y
“blue” cars, all cars as before travelling inthe
same direction and without any interference
from cars assigned to any other colour. In Fig
receiving floor I and are tagged with a tag of
the colour corresponding to one of the areas in
y lreceiving floor. The up ramps are lshown in full
line and the down ramps in dotted line. The left. ,
'Ll
of these iloors on ramps set aside entirely for
Cars enter and leave the building from the
by the particular starting upra-mp and from
ïf‘ïîîiî‘i
the south end'of aisle I9W reaching the receiv-v
ing floor on down ramp I6 of column IIB. Alter->
nately the “blue” cars may proceed upwards to
any of iloors 4, 5, 6 and 1 and return from any
The several parking areas will be divided and
will be hereinafter referred to by colour such as
the assigned parking space down again to the
,
y
system.` `
Figure 5 shows the travel. and parking areas
assigned to "green”. The cars in this case start
to rise from the receivingvfloor I in the north
east -portion of` the building on ramp I5 of the r20
ramp column I4E and reach their i‘lrstv parking on
aisle I1W offloor 5 from whence upward travel
continues to intermediate ñroor 6W, iloor T, inter
mediate floor 8E and the eastern portion of floor
9. _ In descending, “green” cars reach the receiv
ing iloor in rampcolumn I4D.
î. l ,Y .
Figure 6 showsthe travel of cars assigned‘to
“yellow”. The cars leave the receiving floorat
ramp columns at one end, to wit, the south are
inside or towards the centre of the building and ' the` ramp column AI4C and may enter interme
30 the up ramps on the other end or north are out- ` diate floor 2E at the aisle 20 or may enter ñoori, 30
side orare `remote from the centre of the building, iloor l', the intermediate iioor 8W and iioor 9 at
the reason being that all cars arrive at their the centre aisle I8. v Cars assigned »to yellow
parking ñoors from an up ramp and depart from would in descending reach the receiving ñoor
f .
,
i
H
their parking ñoors on a down ramp to which in ramp column HF.
The building would be provided with suitable 35
35 they have access without crossing any landing or
other arear traversed by other cars descending entrance` and exit openings 24 to the receiving
floor I.
f
v
from their respectiveparking areas. By this ar
On certain iloors where double parking is -pro
rangement no car in: entering or leaving any iloor
above the receiving ñoor will cross any ramp or vided, two .or more _stalls may be set aside‘kfor
aisles4 as at 25, so asgto alford passage way from 40
40 area which another car may be travelling along.
In parking a car assigned to a red area, the ,
car will leave the receiving iioor at the inside up
ramp I5 in the ramp column I4A and will proceed
to any of the areas, indicated by heavy horizontal
45 line in Figure 3 or any of the floors 2, 3, 4, k5 and
9, Where it `may turn in and`v park, for instance
it may turn left at the top of the ñrst ramp onto
intermediate floor 2W and pass along its aisle
20 to its stall. On leaving it would back out of
50 its stall and continue along the aisle 20 towards
the north end of the building and turn left again
' onto the down ramp` I6, shown in dotted line in
Figure 3, which is in the ramp column I4H. This
down ramp is inside and can only be occupied by
55 Red cars from upper Red areas. *Another Red
car may proceed upwards from the receiving
iioor, along the up ramp I5 in column I4A to a
single parkingfstrip on both sides of the centre
aisle I8 of iloor 3, if on the other hand a. car is
60 assigned to the i‘loor 9 it would continue upwards
Aalong the up rampsof ramp columns IIIA, HIB,
I4C and I4D to the east side of the building,
thence along the aisle I‘IE of ñoor 5, thence up
on the same up ramps of ramp columns ME, MF,
65 MG and »MH and would land on floor 9 at the
aisle I‘IW from whence it would be driven to its
stall. This carrin descending would runv onto
down ramps I6 in- column MA and would pass
progressively downwards on the outside down
ramps through columns MA to IIIH fromwhich
it would land on the receiving ñoor facing west.
u Cars assigned to blue areas leavethe receiving
floor on the up ramp I5 of column I4G and reach
their ñrst parkin'g’area onaisle ITW of floor 3,
as see Figure 4, the descent from this area is from
one colour areato anothervinA case of.. trame
breakdown or to convert otherwisevdouble park
ing spaces into single parking spaces. It `will be
obvious that >cars could be rerouted overQother
floors in case of accident on any ramp, if neces, 45
sary, but that so long as they pass to or from the
areas to which they are assigned, as shown `in
the profiles shown in Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6, 'that
no car of one colour denomination can pass a car
of another colour denomination on’any ramp or 50
aisle.
i .
What I claim as my invention is:
Í
'
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„
1. A storage building having a receiving -iloor
and superimposed ñoors designated alternately
full floors and intermediate floors, each of said
intermediate floors being divided into two areas
of lesser total area than the adjacent fullV floors,
a plurality of up ramps extending upwards to
communicate with the superimposed floors and a.
plurality of corresponding down ramps connect
ing the superimposed floors with the receiving
floor, each of said ramps being arranged toserve
one only oi the dividedr two areas of the _inter
60
mediatefloors the'last mentioned up and downk
ramp to each divided floor area being in `irrime 65
diate contact with `said area whereby a car- pass
ing from said*- up ramp onto the divided Ifloor
area and running onto the‘down ramp will not
intersect any line of ramp traflìc.
'
Y ‘
~
2. A storage building having a'receiving iloor 70
and superimposed floors designated alternately
full iioors and intermediate floors, each of said
intermediate iioors being divided into two areas
of lesser total area than the adjacent full iio'órs,`
a plurality of up ramps extending upwards` to
S
2,1 10,305
communicate with the superimposed iioors and
at one end of said aisles being towards the
a plurality of corresponding down ramps con~
centre of the building with the down ramps
towards the outside of the building and the up
ramps at the other ends of the aisles being to
wards the outside of the building and the ad
jacent down ramps being between said up ramps
and the centre of the building, each of the said
traffic aisles having connection at one end with
necting the superimposed floors with the receiv
ing ñoor, each of said ramps being arranged to
serve one only of the divided tWo- areas of the
intermediate floors the last mentioned up and
I down ramp to each divided iloor area being in
immediate contact with said area whereby a car
passing from said up ramp onto the _divided floor
10 area and running onto the down ramp will not
intersect any line of ramp traffic, the headroom
height of all of said ramps being substantially
equal to the headroom height between adjacent
full floors.
15
3. A storage building having a receiving floor,
superimposed iloors designated as full ñoors and
intermediate iioors, each of said intermediate
ñoors being divided longitudinally of the building
into two areas', said building having ramp» con
20 necting traiiic aisles in the same general direc
an up ramp and at the other end with a corre~
spending down ramp some of said up ramps and 10
corresponding down ramps serving some of the
divided areas of the intermediate iioors and hav
ing no communication With other similar divided
areas.
5. A storage building having a receiving floor 15
and superimposed iloors, two pairs of ramps con
necting adjacent iioors and being spaced on op
posite sides of an intervening storage area, each
pair of ramps including an up ramp and a down
ramp arranged that travel up and down is in the 20
tion as the line of the line of division of the
intermediate floors, a plurality of up ramps and
same longitudinal direction, the up ramp of one
corresponding down ramps arranged in side by
side relation and extending transversely of the
area of a iioor and the down ramp of the other
25 line of division of the intermediate floors and at
opposite ends of the trañic aisles, the up ramps
at one end of said aisles being towards the centre
of the building with the down ramps towards the
outside of the building and the up ramps at the
30 other ends of the aisles being towards the outside
of the building and the adjacent down ramps be
ing between said up ramps and the centre of the
building.
4. A storage building having a. receiving floor,
35 superimposed floors designated as full floors and
intermediate floors, each of said intermediate
iioors being divided longitudinally of the building
into two areas, said building having ramp con
necting trañ'ic aisles in the same general direc
tion as the line of the line of division of the in
termediate floors, a plurality of up ramps and
corresponding down ramps arranged in side by
side relation and extending transversely of the
line of division of the intermediate ñoors and at
45 opposite ends of the traffic aisles, the up ramps
pair being contiguous to an intervening storage
pair being contiguous to the same intervening
storage area, the down ramp of the first men
tioned pair and the up ramp of the second men
25
tioned pair being remote from the intervening
storage area.
6. A storage building having a receiving floor
and superimposed ñoors, comprising full floors 30
and intermediate iloors divided into spaced
areas, said superimposed floors being encom
passed by pairs of up and down ramps con
nected by trañìc aisles, each of said divided inter
mediate floors being served at one end by an up 35
ramp» of one of the ramp pairs and at the other
end with a down ramp of another ramp pair,
said last mentioned up ramp and down ramp be
ing in immediate contact _with the intervening
storage area whereby a car entering the storage 40
area from said up ramp and running onto said
down. ramp does not intersect any line of ramp
trañic.
MONTAGUE MOORE.
45
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