Патент USA US2110325код для вставки
March 8, 1938._ J, G_ DE FARIA 2,110,325 IIXIRDROME Filed Feb. 2, 1957 * _ 4 Sheets-Sheet l Inventor DeFar/a By A tiorneys March 8, 19386 2,110,325 J. G. DE FARIA AIRDROME Filed Feb. 2, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet‘ 2 Inventor g: ?eZ’TZ/V5; By ?aw A iiomeys Much g9 was. 'J,G_DE FARM ' ' 2,110,325 AIRDROME ‘ Filed Feb. 2, 1937 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 ?¢9 ' _ Q Ja-Zd/f/Ez Inventor @Mm. I .dégmw 19m A iibrneys Patented Mar. 8, 1938 UNITE 2,110,325 s'm PATET OFFICE 2,110,325 _ AIRDROME Joseph G. De Faria, Mans?eld, Mass. Application February 2, 1937, Serial No. 123,710 2 Claims. This invention appertains to new and useful improvements in airdromes and more particular ly to an underground airdrome. The principal object of the present invention is to provide an airdrome built in the main under ground so that aircraft can quickly and conven iently drive into the same. Another important object of the invention is to provide an airdrome which will eliminate the 10 hazardous presence of hangars and other auxil iary buildings at airports, by having all housed facilities located underground. Still another important object of the invention is to provide an airdrome which will lessen the 15 requirement for large landing ?elds by providing means whereby the aircraft is retarded and caught in ?ight and conveyed to the inside of the airdrome where the plane, passengers and ship merits can get off regardless of weather con 20 ditions. These and various other important objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent to the reader of the following speci?cation. In the drawings:— Figure 1 represents a fragmentary top plan 25 view of the airdrome. Figure 2 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view taken substantially on the line 2—2 of Fig-y ure 1. Figure 3 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 3—3 of Fig ure 2. Figure 4 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional View taken substantially on the line 4—4 of Fig ure 2. Figure 5 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 5—5 of Figure 2. Figure 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view #10 of the upper end of the plane catching conveyor. Figure 7 is a top plan View of the upper por tion of the plane catching conveyor, shown part ly in section. Referring to the drawings wherein like nu merals designate like parts, it can be seen that numeral 5 represents the air?eld, preferably of concrete reinforced construction under which are the compartments 6 forming the various quarters of the airdrome. This ?eld 5 is provided with a circular opening 1 therein for receiving the rotary , assembly 8 which is rotated by machine or con venient manual means, whereby the inlet end 9 of the elongated hood H] can be set in accordance with the wind direction. 55 A wind tunnel II is provided on the inside of (Cl. 244—114) the hood [0, the same having the mesh covered air inlet l2 and the grilled air outlet l3. Mount ed within this tunnel II is the motor “I driving the propeller l5 directing air toward the air» craft inlet 9. Numeral l6 represents the base of the rotor 8 from which rises the ramp IT to terminate flush with the ?eld 5 and also the ramp i8 rising from the base l6 to terminate ?ush with the ?eld 5. The upper ends of these ramps l1—-I8 are secured to the top IQ of the rotary as sembly 8 and from the peripheral portion of this top !9 roller mounts 20 depend with their rollers thereof riding in the annular trackway 2| which is supported by suitable brackets 23. Thus, the rotary assembly 8 is rotatably supported and 15 planes can leave the ?eld and enter the airdrome by way of the ramp H, or leave the airdrome through the ?eld by way of the ramp l8. Mounted within the lower portion of the rotary assembly 8 is the sprocket wheel 24 and within the top portion of the dome entrance 9 is mount ed a second sprocket wheel 25. Over these sprocket wheels 24-45 is trained the endless sprocket chain 26 which is equipped with a pair of swingable eye members 21—28 at equal distant 5 positions on the chain, so that when an aircraft 29 equipped with the necessary hook 30 ap proaches the entrance 9 of the hood I 0 and is slowed down by the draft of air from the propeller l5 and engages the hook 30 into the eye member 30 28, the weight of the aircraft will carry the same down to the base iii of the rotary assembly 8 and while the plane is thus lowering itself to the base it, the eye member 21 has been carried upwardly to replace the eye member 28. In this manner r there is always an eye member 21 or 28 located at the entrance 9 of the hood It]. A search light 3! can be positioned in the entrance 9 for illumi nating the adjacent eye member 21 or 28. While the foregoing speci?cation sets forth the 40 invention in speci?c terms, it is to be understood that numerous changes in the shape, size and materials may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed hereinafter. 45 Having described the invention what is claimed as new is: 1. An airdrome comprising an air?eld having a depression therein, a rotary assembly mounted in the depression and having a hood-like struc- 50 ture rising therefrom, said hood-like structure being provided with an aircraft entrance, and means carried by the assembly for lowering an aircraft from the said entrance to the bottom of the said rotary assembly, said means for lowering 55 2 2,110,325 an aircraft into the rotary assembly consisting of an inclinedly disposed endless element having eye members thereon under which aircrafts can book. 2. In combination, an aircraft having a hook 5 thereon, a subterranean airdrome, an inclinedly disposed endless element having eye members thereon and extending downwardly into the said airdrome, the hook of the aircraft being adapt ed for engagement with an eye of the endless element and pneumatic means for retarding the movement of the aircraft when engaged on‘said 5 endless element. - - ' JOSEPH G. DE FARIA. (A "