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Патент USA US2110337

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March 8, 1938.
w. MARSHALL
2,110,337
VENTILATING WINDOW
Filed oct. 25, 1955
l??
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
March 8, 1938.
_ w_ MARSHALL
n
2,110,337
VENTILATING wrNDow
' Filed oct. 25,' 1955 Y
s sneet's-sneet 2
March 8, 1938.
w. MARSHALL
l
2,110,337
VENTIIJATINGI WINDOW
Filed oct. 25, 1935
.
>s sheets-sheet 3
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
2,110,337
UNITED STATES
PATENT orifice
2,110,337
VENTILATIN G WINDOW
William Marshall, Detroit, Mich., assig‘nor to .
Briggs Manufacturing Company, Detroit, Mich.,
a corporation of Michigan
`
'
Application October' 23, 1935, Serial No. 46,298
8 Claims.
(Cl. 296-44)
This invention relates particularly to that type
of Ventilating windows for vehicle bodies or the
like, especially door or side Windows of automobile
bodies, wherein it is desirable to swing or piv
5 otally adjust a window pane or glass panel in a
horizontal direction within the window opening
to provide a Ventilating window through which
air may be exhausted from the body.
10
An object of the invention is to provide a ven
tilating window of the foregoing type wherein
the adjustable glass panel may be raised and low
ered and also moved, when raised, into pivotal
relation to the stationary frame of the window to
permit swinging movement thereof into and outr
of Ventilating position.
A further object of the invention is to provide
improved regulator mechanism having a single
manual control for raising and- lowering the glass
panel and for swinging it into and out of venti
20
lating position.
Other objects and advantages of the invention
will appear from the following description and
appended claims when considered in connection
with the accompanying drawings forming a part
25 of this specification.
In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary front elevation, partly
broken away, of the inside of a vehicle door em
bodying the invention with the Window in closed
position.
,
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevation, partly broken
away, of the inside of the Vehicle door shown in
Fig. 1 with the window in Ventilating position.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken substann
tially along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing
the window glass in Ventilating position.
Fig. 5 is' a broken vertical section taken sub
stantially along the line 5-5 of Fig. l.
Fig. 6 is a section, on an enlarged scale, taken
substantially along the line 5_6 of Fig. l.
Fig. 7 is a horizontal section, on an enlarged
scale, taken substantially along the line ‘1_-l'.
45
Fig. 8 is a detail horizontal section, on an en
larged scale, taken substantially along the line
8_8 of Fig. 1; and
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary horizontal detail sec
tional view, on an enlarged scale, taken sub
50
stantially along the line 9-53 of Fig. i.
Before explaining in detail the present inven~
tion it is to be understood that the invention is
not limited in its application to the details of con
struction and arrangement of parts illustrated in
the accompanying drawings, since the invention
55 is capable of other embodiments and of being
practiced or carried out in various ways. Also it
is to be understood that the phraseoiogy or ter
minology employed herein is for the purpose of
description and not of limitation, and it is not
intended to limit the invention claimed herein 5
beyond the requirements of the prior art.
In the drawings there is illustrated, by way of
example, a front door of an automobile having a
window glass mounted therein and adapted to be
raised and lowered by regulator mechanism and
to be swung by the regulator mechanism vinto
Ventilating position after the glass has been fully
elevated. In the construction shown, the door
is hinged at its forward edge and is provided
with latch mechanism adjacent its rear edge.
As shown in the drawings, the door comprises
a front pillar 2li having an upper rearwardly in
clined portion 2 l, a header 22 and a rear pillar 23.
The front and rear pillars, together with the
header, define a window opening which is adapted
to be closed by a glass panel 2t. The edges of N) 0
the glass 24 are confined by a continuous metal
channel frame comprising a front portion 25, a
rear portion 26 and upper and lower connecting
portions 21 and 28, respectively. The regulator
mechanism for operating the glass includes a
metal channel member 29. The channel 29 car
ries a rubber weather strip or seal iQ having an
external flange or lip ma, which engages the
outer face of the metal `frame portion 28 (Fig. 5). 30
The lower portion 23 of the window frame is pro
vided with a bracket or strap 35i secured to the
frame, as by welding, which has a longitudinal
guide slot to receive a headed upright stud or pin
3l which is secured to one end of a link or crank
member 32. To theopposite end of the crank
is connected the upper end of an upright rotat
able shaft 33, the shaft being secured to the glass
retainer or channel 29 by means of a U-„haped
bracket member 3d having a cylindrical bearing
34a through which the shaft 33 passes. The
bracket member 313 is preferably secured to the
retainer or channel 29 by means of spot Welding,
as shown in Fig. 5. lThe lower end of the shaft
33 is bent at an angle to the vertical portion
thereof and this lower end extends outwardly
at 35 to engage in a cam slot formed in a part
of the regulator mechanism, as hereinafter dem
scribed. The mechanism and associated parts
extend into the well 36 of the door, this well being
formed in any conventional manner by the inner
door panel 3l, garnish molding 38 and outer
panel 39.
The window regulator for raising, lowering and
swinging the glass 24 may, in many respects, be
2,110,337
2
of anysuitable construction. In the present in
stance, by way of example, itV comprises a mount
ing plate 40 secured by means of screws 4I to the
inside of the door. The plate 40 carries a pair of
Yintermeshing gears 42and 43 which are jour
of (see Figs. 5 and 7). Thus it will be seen that,
except for a cut-away portion- providing clear
ance for the arm 32, the frame for the window
glass 24 is entirely surrounded by a rubber seal
ing strip or strips provided with a surrounding or
nalled on the plate by means of pivots 44 and 45,
respectively. The gears are operated through a
pinion 46 on a shaft 41 to which is attached the
usual crank handle 48.
Secured to the pivot 44
isa swinging arm 49 and secured to the pivot 45
is another swinging arm 5l),V these arms being
10
opening when the glass panel is in closed position.
’ Referring particularly to Fig. 7, it will be seen
adapted to be Vswung in opposite directions upon
that the rear portion 26 of the glass frame is pro
rotation of the gears.
vided with a flanged metal guide strip or member
l
’
’
Secured to the outer end of each of the arms is
a stud >or button-like device `5I having a shank
15
marginal flange or flanges which engage the mar
ginal frame of the glass to provide a relatively
tight `joint when the glass is elevated and in non
ventilating position. The weather stripping pro
vides means for effectually sealing the window 10
which is riveted to the end of the arm. Depend
ing from the glass retainer or channel 29 is a pair
19 having its base portion secured to the edge of 15
the frame 26 in any suitable manner, as by means
of spot Welding. The guide 10 has an offset in
wardly extending guide flange 1l which is adapted
of spaced bracket members 53 >preferably secured to enter and slide within a U-shaped groove or
to the retainer by spot Welding, each provided. guide channel 23a. formed in the upright metal 20
52 for the heads of ‘
20 with a runway or guideway
the studs 5l. Thus, when the arms are moved the
studs travelling in the runways raise or lower the
window» glass dependent vupon the direction in
which the arms are moved. The forward arm 49
is, as shown, enlarged adjacent its connection
with the glass panel and is provided with a _cam
portion which may be substantially triangular in
shape. The forward corner or portion thereof >is
provided with a cam slot 54, theouter partof the
portion, beyond the cam slot, being offset or
30 cam
bent at 55 to'providera finger 56 which, as best
seen in Fig. 5, is oifset from the plane of the cam
3.5.1
finish stripr or garnish molding secured tothe
rear pillar 23. The panel portion 200 may be
formedintegrally with `the metal-of the'pillar
`and the concealedchannel 23a'provides'a rela
tively snug ñt forv the guide 1I while permitting 25
the same to slide therein. Thus the guide‘1l,
which extends the major heighth of the window
opening, and the guide-channel 23a interlocking
therewith, form a brace along the rear edge of
the glass resisting tilting or cooking of the‘g'lass 30
when `in raised position.
This brace together
with the connection 30, 3l holds the glass firm-`
ly in upright position, while at the same time-
portion of the arm 49.
Located within the window well and secured to
said brace permits adjustment of the glass hori
the front door pillar 20 is a vertical glass- channel
guideway 23al when’the'window glass is fully
' or runway 51.
Secured to the rear pillar 23 is a
glass channel or runway 58. At the forward end
of the retainer 29 there is provided a guide mem
zontally.
The `guide 1I will travel out of the 35
lowered into the well. When theglass is moved
into elevated position the flange 1| entersuthe
groove or channel 23a and when the glass is`
ber shown as a whole at 59, this guide member ‘ swung into Ventilating position as shown in Figs. 40
having an outer face or plate 60 which is adapted
‘10i
` '
to engage and slide upon
thefelt linedchannel
51. The guide 59 is fastened to the end of the
member 29 by means of gusset plates 6l which
are preferably spot welded to opposite sides there
of.' The opposite end of the retainer member 29`
4:5h is providedwith a corresponding guide member
52 secured thereto through the medium of a cor
responding gusset plate 63; The face plate 54
of `this guide member engages and is adapted to
slide upon the felt lined face of the guide chan
50v
` " nel 59.
The members 59
and 62 servey as guides
for the glass when it is being lowered into the
well or elevated therefrom and prevent longitudi
nal tilting or shifting of the glass.
`
The molding 38 and outer panel 39are cut away
'e at38a and 39a., respectively (seeFig. 6)’ to permit
the passage of the mechanism for swinging the
glass into Ventilating and non-Ventilating posi
55
tions.
`
Referring particularly lto Figs. 3, 4, 5, and '7,
`
60
'
' suitable weather
stripping is provided for' seal
ing the window opening around the upper edge or
portion 21 of the glass frame and at the front and
rear portions 25 `and 26, respectively, thereof.
This weather stripping, as. shown, is formed of
65 rubber or other compressible material 65 and
may be formed in a single piece or strip. It is
provided with an external flexible flange or lip
65a which is adapted to engage the outer face of
the glass frame along the upper edge and front
and rear edges thereof. The weather or sealing
strip 65 is preferably removably secured within
the frame surrounding three sides of the window
opening and, as shown, has a stifîening member
or channel 66 embedded in the base portion there
2 and 4 the parts 1l and 23an cooperate to provide>
a hinge or vertical pivot for the rear edge of the
glass 24.
The operation of the Ventilating window is subf .
stantially as follows: When the window is raised 45
the regulate-1` arms 49 and 59 will swing upwardly
toward each other, the cam action ofthe studs
5I in the guideways 52 effecting the elevation
of the glass. Upon reaching its fully elevated
position, the guide ñange 1l of the metal stripA 50
or member 10 will be wholly located within the
guide channel 23a. and thereby provide both a-`
brace and a hinge at the rear edge of the glass
panel. In this position the regulator arms 49 and
50 are in the positions shown in Fig. 1 with the 553
Vterminal or free end 35 of the shaft or crank
member’33 located within the cam slot 54 and‘
inengagement with the cam portion orv inner
edge 55a. of the offset finger 56. If it is `desired
to` produce a Ventilating slot or opening atI the 60
forward upright edge of the glass when in ele-'
vated position, the operating handle 48 is rotated
further inA a counter-clockwise direction; which'
causes the cam' surface 56a to ride over the'free
end 35 of the shaft or crank member, thus rotat
ing the shaft and _shifting the link 32, causing
the pin k3| to travel in the slot of the bracket 30
from its forward position therein, as shownin
Figs. 1, 3, and 6, to its rear position, as shown in 70
Fig. 4._ During this movement of the parts the
glass is shifted laterally or inwardly about its
release-ble hinge or pivot (1I, 23a) to produce`
the Ventilating slot or opening |90. With‘the
glass in this position, as the vehicle moves for-4
3
2,1 10,337
wardly, air is withdrawn by suction from within
the body, as indicated by the arrow in Fig. 4.
When it isdesired to close the Ventilating open
ing the operating handle 48 is rotated in a clock
wise direction, causing the arms 49 and 50 to
move outwardly away from one another with
their studs travelling in the guideways 52. Dur
ing this movement, the free end 35 of the crank
member 33 is engaged by the cam portion or
10 surface ¿9a at the rear edge of the cam slot 54,
causing the shaft 33 to be rotated and shifting
the crank 32 so as to shift or slide the pin or
stud 3l along the strip 36 from its rearmost posi
tion of Fig. 4 to its forward position of Fig. 3,
15 thus closing the glass panel. Now, if it is desired
to lower the glass 24, the clockwise rotation of
the operating handle 48 is continued, whereupon
the free end 35 of the rotatable shaft 33 rides
out of the cam slot 54 and the arms 4S and 50
20 continue their outward and downward movement
to lower the glass. During this movement of the
glass the guide members 59 and 62 function to
prevent tilting of the glass. When the window
glass is raised, the free end 33 of the rotatable
25 shaft for shifting the window glass laterally or
horizontally enters the cam slot 54 just prior to
the completion of the upward closing movement
of the glass panel.
'
I claim:
1. In a vehicle door having front and rear
pillars defining a window opening, a. glass panel
slidable vertically in said opening and also mov
able laterally about a pivot at one upright edge
of the glass, said pivot comprising a guide along
said edge of the glass and an interlocking chan
nel therefor in a pillar extending the major
height of the window opening and terminating
at the locality of the window sill.
2. In a vehicle door having front and rear pil
40 lars defining a window opening, a glass panel
slidable vertically in said opening and also mov
able laterally about a pivot at one upright edge
of the glass, said pivot comprising a guide along
said edge of the glass and an interlocking chan
45 nel therefor in a pillar extending the major
height of the window opening and terminating at
the locality of the window sill, said guide being
arranged to slide into and out of said channel
when the glass is fully raised and lowered.
50
3. In a vehicle door having front and rear
pillars defining a window opening, a glass panel
slidable vertically in said opening and also swing
able laterally about a pivot at one upright edge
of the glass, said pivot comprising a guide along
55 said edge of the glass and an interlocking chan
nel therefor in a pillar extending the major
height of the window opening and terminating
at the locality of the window sill, said guide pro
jecting from the edge of the glass transversely
60 to the plane thereof.
4. In a vehicle door having front and rear
pillars defining a window opening, a glass panel
slidable vertically in said opening and also swing
able laterally about a pivot at one upright edge
65 of the glass, said pivot comprising a guide along
said edge of the glass and an interlocking chan
nel therefor in a pillar extending the major
height of the window opening and terminating
at the locality of the window sill, said guide being
70 arranged to slide into and out of said channel
when the glass is fully raised and lowered and
being offset inwardly from the plane of the glass.
5. In a vehicle door having front and rear
pillars defining a window opening, a glass panel
adapted to swing laterally in said opening about
a pivot at its rear upright edge, said pivot com
prising a channel in the rear pillar entirely at
the inner side of the glass and a guide along the
edge of the glass projecting inwardly and flanged
transversely to the plane thereof and fitting into
said channel when the glass panel is elevated.
6. In a vehicle body having a window frame
provided with a window opening, a framed glass
panel for completely closing the window opening
adapted to be raised and lowered within said
opening and to be shifted laterally when in ele
vated position to provide a ventilating opening
at the forward edge of the glass, said window
frame having a fixed guide channel formed in
the rear upright portion thereof adjacent the
window opening, and a movable guide member
carried by the framed glass panel at the rear 20
edge thereof slidable into and out of engagement
with said fixed guide channel and providing a
pivot for said framed glass panel when the glass
is in elevated position whereby to permit hori
zontal swinging movement of the glass and guide 25
member relative to said guide channel into and
out of ventilating position.
'7. In a vehicle body having a window frame
provided with a window opening, a framed glass
panel for completely closing the opening and '
adapted to be raised and lowered within said
opening and to be shifted laterally when in ele
vated position to provide a ventilating opening
at the forward. edge of the glass, said window
frame having a fixed guide channel formed in nC. Cx
the rear upright portion thereof adjacent the
window opening, and a movable guide member
carried by the framed glass panel at the rear
edge thereof, said guide member having a part
cooperable with and slidable into and out of en 40
gagement with said guide channel and providing
a pivot for said framed glass panel when the glass
is in elevated position whereby to permit hori
zontal swinging movement of the glass and guide
member relative to said guide channel into and 45
out of ventilating position.
8. In a vehicle body having a window frame
provided with a window opening, a framed glass
panel for completely closing the opening and
adapted to be raised and lowered within said 50
opening and to be shifted laterally when in ele
vated position to provide a ventilating opening
at the forward edge of the glass, said window
frame having a fixed guide channel formed in the
rear upright portion thereof adjacent the win
55
dow opening, a movable guide member carried
by the framed glass panel at the rear edge there- ,
of slidable into and out of engagement with said
guide channel and providing a pivot for said glass
panel when the glass is in elevated position
whereby to permit horizontal swinging movement
of the glass panel and guide member relative to
said guide channel into and out of ventilating
position, and regulator mechanism for raising 65
and lowering the glass panel and including means
for swinging said panel and guide member lat
erally relative to said fixed guide channel from
within said opening into ventilating position when
the _panel is fully elevated.
WILLIAM MARSHALL.
70
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