Патент USA US2110351код для вставки
March 8, 1938. H. J. WOODALL 2,110,351 PANEL FASTENER Filed Sept. 4,, 1936 /0 - INVENTOR. ?erbert <1 h/ooda/Z BY ATTORNEYS. Patented Mar. 8, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFlCE 2,110,351 PANEL FASTENER Herbert J. Woodall, Detroit, Mich, assignor to ‘Woodall Industries Incorporated, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application September 4, 1936, Serial No. 99,345 3 Claims. My invention relates to an improved panel and support therefor. It is illustrated as embodied in a panel such as is used in the interior of automobile bodies. It resides in the provision of a Cl fastener receiving part adapted to cooperate with (01. 296-44) Fig. 5 is an elevation of a fragment of a panel support such as is shown in Fig. 1. Panel supporting frames used in automobile body construction are commonly angular in cross a panel support constructed to receive the same. Panels of this type are commonly formed of section and in the several ?gures here shown the 5 panel supporting element is indicated generally as Ill. It-is provided with an angularly extend cardboard or other similar material which may ing relatively narrow ?ange 12 which is turned ’ be covered on the outer face with suitable trim 10 fabric. The cardboard foundation is ordinarily provided with fasteners which may be detachable therefrom and which are engageable with the support that is to carry the panel. These fase teners and the support adapted to receive the 15 same are commercially found in many different forms. ' inwardly and extends longitudinally thereof. The panel rests upon this flange and is secured 10 thereto. The outer sheet metal wall of the body is shown at M. Panels used commonly have a?ber board foun dation. Such a foundation is indicated as I6. It is provided on its outer face with a suitable 15 trim fabric l8 which may be adhesively secured It is an object of my invention to provide a thereto and turned over the edges onto the rear panel foundation of this type with fasteners which project only a slight distance from the rear face thereof. Padding may be provided if desired. The particular character of the trim or padding 20 face thereof and which are readily engageable by manipulation of the panel with ya relatively of the panel may be as desired. 20 It Will be noted- iihat the Supporting frame is narrow panel supporting frame or ledge suitably apertured to receive fasteners. Preferably the panel supporting element is provided with aper- generally U-shaped and has opposed side ?anges and a bottom flange which support the sides and bottom of the panel. The side ?anges are pro 25 tures that extend inwardly from its inner margin and through which the panel fasteners are slid to a point of engagement. A feature of importance is that the panel supporting element may be of relatively narrow width and the fasteners 30 are readily attachable therewith. Another meritorious feature is that the fasteners may be ?xed to the panel at the time of its fabrication and yet not project away from the rear face thereof to such a distance as to inter35 fere with the stacking of the panels. A further important characteristic is that the panel is not only readily attachable to its support but may also be readily detached therefrom. Other important objects; features, and advan40 tages of this invention will more fully appear vided with a plurality of apertures or slots indicated in Figs. 1 and 5 as 29. These apertures are there shown as extending inwardly from the inner margin of the ?ange transversely thereof for a limited distance and then extending sub stantially longitudinally thereof to a closed end portion as shown particularly in Fig 5- Thc ap ertures along the bottom ?ange are indicated as 22 and these extend from the upper margin down wardly transversely thereof. The apertures described are provided in such number as are required to receive the desired number of fas teners to hold the panel in place and due to this extension inwardly from the margin of the ?ange such ?ange need not be of great width as it is only necessary that the aperture have a dimen~ from the following description, appended claims, sion su?icient to pass the relatively small diame and accompanying drawing, wherein: ter shank "of the fastener. 25 30 35 40 _ Figure 1 is a perspective of a fragment of a The panel is provided with a plurality of head panel support and panel illustrating an embodi- ed studs 25 which project from its rear face. 45 ment of my invention, These studs may be secured to the panel in any 45 Fig. 2 is a cross sectional View through the ' suitable fashion as shown in Fig. 2 wherein the structure shown in Fig. 1 with the panel illus- stud is shown as fastened securely to the founda trated as attached to the support whereas in Fig. tion board and as having a headed portion. The 1 it is spaced therefrom, studs may be provided in such number as is de 50 Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view through the sired to correspond with the fastener receiving 50 construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2 showing the apertures of the ?anges. In Fig. 1 the panel is method of securing the panel to the support, shown as reversed and cut in half. Fig. 4 illustrates a modi?ed form of construcTo secure the panel in place the studs on one tion of a panel support as compared with Fig. 1, ~ side are moved into the slots of the ?ange on one 55 and side of the frame and the panel may then be 55 2 2,110,351 ?exed along a vertical dimension so that the shanks of the studs 0n the other side may be received within the entrances to the apertures on such side as shown in Fig. 3. Upon ?attening out of the panel it is then moved downwardly, moving the shanks of the fasteners spaced along its bottom margin into the apertures 22 in the bottom ?ange and moving the fasteners along the side margins toward the closed ends of apertures 10 26. The garnish molding may then be secured to the frame along the upper edge of the panel , overlying the panel to hold it in place. The construction shown in Fig. 4 differs in that g the aperture 26 through the ?ange does not open into the edge of the ?ange but has an upper end of su?icient width to pass the head of the stud which the lower end will not do. The aperture shown in Fig. 4 would preferably be provided in the side ?anges only. The bottom ?ange would 20 be provided with apertures such as 22 shown in Fig. 1. The method of installation would be substantially the same except that it would not be necessary to ?ex the panel and the heads of the fasteners would‘be moved directly through 2.5 the enlarged upper ends of the apertures in the side ?anges and then moved downwardly to be engaged at the lower end to retain the panel in place. 'A -> ‘ ' It will be seen that the panel may be quickly 30 attached to its supporting frame and will be se curely held thereto. It likewise may be released therefrom. The headed fasteners project only a short distance away from the rear face of the < panel and do not obstruct the stacking of the 35 panels. In the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 5 the movement of the panels downwardly into position would tend to tension them trans versely as the apertures 20 throughout this longi tudinal extent extend somewhat angularly with respect to the margin of the flange. , The slots 20 and 22 and. the lower ends of apertures 26 preferably have a width greater than the diameter of the studs 24 so that ‘?ota tion therein is permitted to accommodate for expansion or contraction of the panel. What I claim is: 1. In combination with a panel support com prising spaced side frame members each pro vided with a plurality of fastener receivingapere tures spaced apart longitudinallyiof the member, each aperture extending inwardly from the inner margin of the member transversely thereofv and then longitudinally of the member, and a panel provided along each side margin with a. row of headed fasteners projecting away from the rear 7 face, said rows‘ being spaced apart a distance greater than the inner margins of said side frame members, each fastener having a shank movable through the entrance of the corresponding fas tener aperture in the side frame member trans versely of the member and then longitudinally into a. position of engagement of the head'of the fastener therewith. , 2. In combination, a. ‘U-shaped panel support- 5 ing frame having relatively narrow panel sup porting sides and bottom, the opposite sides of the U provided with fastener receiving slots spaced apart longitudinally thereof and extend ing initially inwardly from the inner margin, 10 transversely of the side and then longitudinally‘, and angularly of the side toward the outer mar gin thereof, the bottom of the U frame provided with fastener receiving slots spaced apart longi tudinally thereof and extending inwardly from 15 the~ inner margin transversely and toward the outer margin thereof, and a; trim panel provided along its bottoni margin and along its side mar gins with headed fasteners spaced apart longi tudinally of the margins corresponding‘to the 20 slots in the bottom and sides of the U frame, said fasteners projecting away from the rear face of the paneland each having a shank re ceivable through the entrance to the correspond ing fastener slot in the U frame and movable 25 therethrough to a position of engagement of the head of the fastener therewith, the distance transversely across the panel between-the headed fasteners along one side margin and the headed fasteners along the opposite margin being greater 30 than’ the distance transversely across the U frame between the entrances into the fastener receiving slots along one side of the frame and entrances into the fastener receiving slots along the opposite side of the frame. 35 3. In combination, a pair of spaced apart sup porting frame elements, each frame element pro vided with a row of apertures which apertures are spaced apart longitudinally of the frame ele ment, each aperture extending transversely of 40 the frame element and having a fastener receiv ing entrance at its inner end, a panel shaped to ‘x be supported on said frame elements and pro vided along each of the two opposite margins , which seat upon said frame elements with a 45 row of headed fasteners projecting away from the rear face of the panel and spaced apart to correspond with the spacing of the apertures in the frame elements, a row of fasteners along one of said margins ‘being spaced from the row of 50 fasteners along the other of said margins a dis tance greater than the distance between the inner ends of the apertures in one row and the inner ends of the apertures in the other row, said fasteners being receivable into the apertures 55 through the inner ends thereof and movable therethrough into engagement with the frame elements. HERBERT J. WOODALL.