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Патент USA US2110351

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March 8, 1938.
H. J. WOODALL
2,110,351
PANEL FASTENER
Filed Sept. 4,, 1936
/0
-
INVENTOR.
?erbert <1 h/ooda/Z
BY
ATTORNEYS.
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFlCE
2,110,351
PANEL FASTENER
Herbert J. Woodall, Detroit, Mich, assignor to
‘Woodall Industries Incorporated, Detroit,
Mich., a corporation of Michigan
Application September 4, 1936, Serial No. 99,345
3 Claims.
My invention relates to an improved panel and
support therefor. It is illustrated as embodied in
a panel such as is used in the interior of automobile bodies. It resides in the provision of a
Cl fastener receiving part adapted to cooperate with
(01. 296-44)
Fig. 5 is an elevation of a fragment of a panel
support such as is shown in Fig. 1.
Panel supporting frames used in automobile
body construction are commonly angular in cross
a panel support constructed to receive the same.
Panels of this type are commonly formed of
section and in the several ?gures here shown the 5
panel supporting element is indicated generally
as Ill. It-is provided with an angularly extend
cardboard or other similar material which may
ing relatively narrow ?ange 12 which is turned ’
be covered on the outer face with suitable trim
10 fabric. The cardboard foundation is ordinarily
provided with fasteners which may be detachable
therefrom and which are engageable with the
support that is to carry the panel. These fase
teners and the support adapted to receive the
15 same are commercially found in many different
forms.
'
inwardly and extends longitudinally thereof.
The panel rests upon this flange and is secured 10
thereto. The outer sheet metal wall of the body
is shown at M.
Panels used commonly have a?ber board foun
dation. Such a foundation is indicated as I6.
It is provided on its outer face with a suitable 15
trim fabric l8 which may be adhesively secured
It is an object of my invention to provide a
thereto and turned over the edges onto the rear
panel foundation of this type with fasteners
which project only a slight distance from the rear
face thereof. Padding may be provided if desired.
The particular character of the trim or padding
20 face thereof and which are readily engageable
by manipulation of the panel with ya relatively
of the panel may be as desired.
20
It Will be noted- iihat the Supporting frame is
narrow panel supporting frame or ledge suitably
apertured to receive fasteners. Preferably the
panel supporting element is provided with aper-
generally U-shaped and has opposed side ?anges
and a bottom flange which support the sides and
bottom of the panel. The side ?anges are pro
25 tures that extend inwardly from its inner margin
and through which the panel fasteners are slid
to a point of engagement. A feature of importance is that the panel supporting element may
be of relatively narrow width and the fasteners
30 are readily attachable therewith.
Another meritorious feature is that the fasteners may be ?xed to the panel at the time of its
fabrication and yet not project away from the
rear face thereof to such a distance as to inter35 fere with the stacking of the panels.
A further important characteristic is that the
panel is not only readily attachable to its support but may also be readily detached therefrom.
Other important objects; features, and advan40 tages of this invention will more fully appear
vided with a plurality of apertures or slots indicated in Figs. 1 and 5 as 29. These apertures are
there shown as extending inwardly from the
inner margin of the ?ange transversely thereof
for a limited distance and then extending sub
stantially longitudinally thereof to a closed end
portion as shown particularly in Fig 5- Thc ap
ertures along the bottom ?ange are indicated as
22 and these extend from the upper margin down
wardly transversely thereof.
The apertures
described are provided in such number as are
required to receive the desired number of fas
teners to hold the panel in place and due to this
extension inwardly from the margin of the ?ange
such ?ange need not be of great width as it is
only necessary that the aperture have a dimen~
from the following description, appended claims,
sion su?icient to pass the relatively small diame
and accompanying drawing, wherein:
ter shank "of the fastener.
25
30
35
40
_
Figure 1 is a perspective of a fragment of a
The panel is provided with a plurality of head
panel support and panel illustrating an embodi- ed studs 25 which project from its rear face.
45 ment of my invention,
These studs may be secured to the panel in any 45
Fig. 2 is a cross sectional View through the ' suitable fashion as shown in Fig. 2 wherein the
structure shown in Fig. 1 with the panel illus- stud is shown as fastened securely to the founda
trated as attached to the support whereas in Fig.
tion board and as having a headed portion. The
1 it is spaced therefrom,
studs may be provided in such number as is de
50
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view through the sired to correspond with the fastener receiving 50
construction shown in Figs. 1 and 2 showing the apertures of the ?anges. In Fig. 1 the panel is
method of securing the panel to the support,
shown as reversed and cut in half.
Fig. 4 illustrates a modi?ed form of construcTo secure the panel in place the studs on one
tion of a panel support as compared with Fig. 1, ~ side are moved into the slots of the ?ange on one
55 and
side of the frame and the panel may then be 55
2
2,110,351
?exed along a vertical dimension so that the
shanks of the studs 0n the other side may be
received within the entrances to the apertures on
such side as shown in Fig. 3. Upon ?attening
out of the panel it is then moved downwardly,
moving the shanks of the fasteners spaced along
its bottom margin into the apertures 22 in the
bottom ?ange and moving the fasteners along the
side margins toward the closed ends of apertures
10 26. The garnish molding may then be secured
to the frame along the upper edge of the panel
,
overlying the panel to hold it in place.
The construction shown in Fig. 4 differs in that g
the aperture 26 through the ?ange does not open
into the edge of the ?ange but has an upper end
of su?icient width to pass the head of the stud
which the lower end will not do. The aperture
shown in Fig. 4 would preferably be provided in
the side ?anges only. The bottom ?ange would
20 be provided with apertures such as 22 shown in
Fig. 1. The method of installation would be
substantially the same except that it would not
be necessary to ?ex the panel and the heads of
the fasteners would‘be moved directly through
2.5 the enlarged upper ends of the apertures in the
side ?anges and then moved downwardly to be
engaged at the lower end to retain the panel in
place.
'A
->
‘
' It will be seen that the panel may be quickly
30 attached to its supporting frame and will be se
curely held thereto. It likewise may be released
therefrom. The headed fasteners project only
a short distance away from the rear face of the <
panel and do not obstruct the stacking of the
35 panels. In the construction shown in Figs. 1
and 5 the movement of the panels downwardly
into position would tend to tension them trans
versely as the apertures 20 throughout this longi
tudinal extent extend somewhat angularly with
respect to the margin of the flange.
,
The slots 20 and 22 and. the lower ends of
apertures 26 preferably have a width greater
than the diameter of the studs 24 so that ‘?ota
tion therein is permitted to accommodate for
expansion or contraction of the panel.
What I claim is:
1. In combination with a panel support com
prising spaced side frame members each pro
vided with a plurality of fastener receivingapere
tures spaced apart longitudinallyiof the member,
each aperture extending inwardly from the inner
margin of the member transversely thereofv and
then longitudinally of the member, and a panel
provided along each side margin with a. row of
headed fasteners projecting away from the rear 7
face, said rows‘ being spaced apart a distance
greater than the inner margins of said side frame
members, each fastener having a shank movable
through the entrance of the corresponding fas
tener aperture in the side frame member trans
versely of the member and then longitudinally
into a. position of engagement of the head'of the
fastener therewith.
,
2. In combination, a. ‘U-shaped panel support- 5
ing frame having relatively narrow panel sup
porting sides and bottom, the opposite sides of
the U provided with fastener receiving slots
spaced apart longitudinally thereof and extend
ing initially inwardly from the inner margin, 10
transversely of the side and then longitudinally‘,
and angularly of the side toward the outer mar
gin thereof, the bottom of the U frame provided
with fastener receiving slots spaced apart longi
tudinally thereof and extending inwardly from 15
the~ inner margin transversely and toward the
outer margin thereof, and a; trim panel provided
along its bottoni margin and along its side mar
gins with headed fasteners spaced apart longi
tudinally of the margins corresponding‘to the 20
slots in the bottom and sides of the U frame,
said fasteners projecting away from the rear
face of the paneland each having a shank re
ceivable through the entrance to the correspond
ing fastener slot in the U frame and movable 25
therethrough to a position of engagement of the
head of the fastener therewith, the distance
transversely across the panel between-the headed
fasteners along one side margin and the headed
fasteners along the opposite margin being greater 30
than’ the distance transversely across the U
frame between the entrances into the fastener
receiving slots along one side of the frame and
entrances into the fastener receiving slots along
the opposite side of the frame.
35
3. In combination, a pair of spaced apart sup
porting frame elements, each frame element pro
vided with a row of apertures which apertures
are spaced apart longitudinally of the frame ele
ment, each aperture extending transversely of 40
the frame element and having a fastener receiv
ing entrance at its inner end, a panel shaped to
‘x
be supported on said frame elements and pro
vided along each of the two opposite margins
,
which seat upon said frame elements with a 45
row of headed fasteners projecting away from
the rear face of the panel and spaced apart to
correspond with the spacing of the apertures in
the frame elements, a row of fasteners along one
of said margins ‘being spaced from the row of 50
fasteners along the other of said margins a dis
tance greater than the distance between the
inner ends of the apertures in one row and the
inner ends of the apertures in the other row, said
fasteners being receivable into the apertures 55
through the inner ends thereof and movable
therethrough into engagement with the frame
elements.
HERBERT J. WOODALL.
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