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Патент USA US2110360

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March 8, 19381
w. v'. FISHER
Filed Aug. 17, 1935
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Am: (ìttorneg I
Patented` Mar. 8, l1938
MEANS ros. FonMlNG GLAss Monos
William V. Fisher, Lancaster,Í Ohio, assignor to
Anchor Hocking Glass'Corporation, Lancas
ter, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware`
Application August 17, 1935, Serial No.v 36,706
2 Claims. (ci. zz-m)
This invention relates more particularly to the
construction and process of making molds for the
production of hollow glass ware, such as tumblers
- and similar vessels.'
Such molds are commonly made of cast iron in
portion 1 during the casting operation and hav
ing a chilling eiïect on said casting. Said chilling ,
ring 8 is designed to cooperate with the base 'I in
forming the external portion of the top of the
glass mold including its lugs 6“ and cooperates
one or more parts. In the production of «hollow
with said base in the chilling eilîect.
glass ware it is highly important that the matrix
or molding surface be very hard and susceptible
The base 1 and plug 'la are provided with a hole
8 axially in the plug, as shown in Fig. 1, said hole
being threaded at its lower and upper ends, as
shown at I0 `and ~II respectively. The lower 10
thread IIl receives a threaded nipple I2 suitably
of being highly polished in orderfto avoid‘blem
l10 ishes in the ware and loss thereof, the cost of
~ removing such blemishes being prohibitive.
connecting it withra suitably controlled source
'I‘he object of the present invention is the pro
vision of an improved means and method whereby of water or other cooling fluid. The upper thread
the molding surfaces of the mold body or parts ` II has connected with it a threaded nipple I8
l5 thereof are deeply chilled, hardened or tempered suitably connected with a pipe I4 to carry ‘away
so that they will take a high polish and provide the waste liquid. Said pipe I4 contains a valve
a durable surface adapted f_or the production of for controlling or varying the-- _flow o'f‘the liquid
large yquantities of uniformly satisfactory ware. passing through the chilling device. The water
Other objects will appear from the disclosure employed is of room temperature.
In practice a flask is provided for casting the
20 herein.
glass-mold substantially as depicted in Fig. 1,
’I'he invention is embodied in the example here
in shown and method of operation set forth, the with the drag I 5,'cheek I 6 and cope I1,vit being
understood, of course, that the sand is vtamped
features of novelty being ñnally claimed.
in the drag around the base 1 and ring I8, and
In the accompanying drawingzj
25 Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view showing the y the cheek and cope applied. At I9 is the pouring
' gateand 20 the strain gate. The pouring gate
means for `casting and chilling the glass mold.
Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the principal leads downward and through a _groove I8“ in the
chilling ring I8 to the cavity formed for the re
chilling device.
ception of the molten iron.v
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the glass mold.
'I'he metal to form the mold body is preferably
Fig. 4 is a vertical section of the glass mold on
poured while white hot, and while the metal is
the line IV-IV Fig. 3. ì
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the lower side oi’ the being poured water is caused to ñow through the
chilling ring.
In the views 6 designates a glass mold to be
produced, said glass mold being commonly of cast
iron containing alloyed therewith such: other
metal or metals as may be desirable and useful
in obtaining suitable hardness and texture. Said
mold is provided with lugs Iia threaded for attach
ment to its support in a machine. The larger
portion of the opening’in the mold is shown as
tapered internally to the external form of the
tumbler to be made and the opening at the
smaller end of the taper is to receive a valve-like
member (not shown) for forming the bottom of
the tumbler and dislodging the molded tumbler.
hole 8 at a regular or desired speed for ten or
twelve minutes o_r for such other period as to
chill the cast metal to the desired depth, say one
fourth of__ an inch or more of the glass mold body
and provide a deeply extended hard surface ca
pable'of receiving a high polish.
In the chilling operation the ring I8 cooperates
withithe plug 'I8L and base 1 in conducting heat 40
from the larger or heavier end of the casting
and thereby promoting evenness >of the chill»
throughout the inner or molding face of the glass
mold. It also may be noted that at the region
of said portion of the mold the entering water is 45
cool and becomes warmer as it passes upward
Preparatory to casting the glass mold there is v through the orifice 8, all of which tends to pro
constructed a shaping and chilling device of metal mote' uniform tempering of the molding surßiace
consisting of a laterally extended base portion 'I of the glass mold because the cooling effect of
to form the upper end of the glass mold and the water is greater Where the heat is greater.
'I'he forms of the parts can be changed with
having a central plug or projection 'Iß integral
with' the base portion to form the'interior wall out departing from the gist of the invention as
or glass-forming surface. In addition thereto
What I claim is: A
a chilling ring I8 is formed of metal to rest on
56 the upper margin of the laterally extended base
1. In means for tempering the interiormolding 55V
l' 9,119,300
or o' out mem :lass mold, ma cmmng ~ chilling means consisting 'of-a‘tapercd¿flnetallic
means consisting of a tapered‘metallic body 4 member _around which the said glass mold is
around which the -glass molding surface of the
cast, ‘said tapered member having integral there
v glass mold i’s'cast. said „tapered body having in- , with a laterally( extended base forming a-pattern
tegral therewith ya laterally extended base form
vsurface for the upper rim ofthe mold cast. said-`
ing a pattern surface for the upper rim of the. tapered member provided with an axial perfora
'Y glau mold cast». saidtopexed chilling means pro
vided with an axial perforation therethrough and
means for conducting-under pressure and con
trolling the now of a cooling liquid through said
tion therethrough and means for conducting
under pressurerand controlling the now of a cool
- ing liquid through‘eaid tapered member from its i
larger end to and through ita smaller end,«and a ß
tapered chilling means from itslarger end to and l removable chilling ring f_orminga portionY of the
molding surface cooperating with ‘said` chilling
2. In meansl for tempering the interior glass l liquid to temper the larger end of said glass mold.
moldingwsurface of a cast-metal glassmold,
throllh its `smaller end.4
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