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Патент USA US2110390

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March 8, 1938.
K. H. cHARLsoN
Filed April 25, 1956
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
Karl H. Charlson, Detroit, Mich.
Application April v23, 1936, Serial No. l75,916
5 claims. - (o1. 'z2-16)
Fig. 1 is a sectional View through a building
provement in a building construction and has for showing the invention employed with parts broken
My invention relates to a new and useful im
its Object the provision of a construction in build
ings whereby the advantages of a steel supporting
5 frame may be Obtained without the disadvantages
thereof and whereby the advantages olf-wooden
studdings may be Obtained without incurring the
disadvantages thereof.
In the construction of buildings such as dwell
10 ing houses and the like where it is desired to
use a steel supporting frame, it has been found
that the use of a steel supporting frame rwill
eliminate the disadvantages which would result
were timbers to be used to" form the supporting
15 frame. These disadvantages are principally
cracking in the walls and plaster, a development
of an uneveness in the floor resulting from sagging
and similar imperfections which appear from
time to time in the building. These disadvantages
20 and defects generally arise because-of shrinkage
or contraction of the timber due to its drying up
and in some few instances also because of expan- ~
sion due to undue absorption of moisture by the
timbers. The wooden structure also frequently
When the timbers l
are supplanted b-y steel members these defects
25 warps for the same reasons.
and disadvantages, of course, disappear because
no shrinkage can occur Afrom a drying out of
such steel supports, but it has been found that
due to the thermal conductivity of the steel sup
ports a “sweating” or condensation on the inner
surfaces of the walls on buildings results, particu
larly at the location of the metallic members.
Especially is this true at the location of the
35 metallic members which serve as studding.
the present invention, through a combining of
timbers and steel, all of the advantages of both
are Obtained without any of the disadvantages of
either and the present invention alTOrds a con
40 struction whereby this may be accomplished.
It is another object of the invention to pro
vide in a construction of this class a steel sup-
porting structure cooperating with nail receiving
members so that an easy and quick nailing of the
45 desired parts to the studding Or uprights may be
eiîeoted while at the same time such uprights
which receive the nails are relieved of the strain
resulting from supporting the structure.
Other objects will appear hereinafter.
The invention consists in the combination and
arrangement of parts hereinafter described and
The invention will be best understood by a ref
erence to the accompanying drawing which forms
55 a part of this specification, and in which,
Fig. 2 is a sectional View taken on line 2_2 of
Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 3_3
of Fig. l.
In the drawing I have illustrated a fragment
of a side wall of a dwelling house which is sup
ported by the foundation wall 9 provided with the
outwardly projecting shoulder IG'for reception of
the layer of masonry veneering I I». For studdings
I use steel channels or pipes I2 which rest at
their lower ends upon the foundation wall S and
are secured thereto by suitable base plates I3.
In the construction shown in Fig. l the lower
floor I4 is formed of concrete and rests at its edges
upon the foundation wall so that the lower ends
of the studding I2 are also embedded in the
concrete mass I4 which is poured upon the
foundation wall. In this construction I have
shown a joist I5 which serves to support the lower
floor and the end I6 of which overlies the> founda
tion wall 9 and is embedded .in thev mass of con
crete Ii.
The usual wooden flooring I'l is used to
cover the concrete iloor I4. Lying upon the mass
I4 Of concrete or upon the foundation wall 9
where the mass I4 is not used and extending be
tween the lmetallic studding I2 is a plate i8.
Resting upon this plate I 8 and secured thereto by
nailing, by means of the nails I9, are uprights or
studs 2li. These uprights or studs may be termed
timbers and by the term “timber” I wish it to be
understood that Iembrace wooden uprights and
various types of composition which may be molded 35
to form timbers. One characteristic necessary is
that these timbers may be used for nailing pur
poses. These timbers are located between the
metallic studding, and as shown in Fig. 2 are
Ordinarily of greater width than the metallic
The spacing of the timbers and the
spacing of the studding I2 will, of course, be de
termined by the nature of the construction to be
erected and the strength desired and necessary.
. studding I2.
In the drawing I have illustrated a sheathing
2 I, such as wood Or fiber board or the like, which
is secured to the outer face of the nailing timbers
2G. Positioned exterior of the layer 2l of insulat
ing material is the layer of veneering which may
be wood, stucco, brick, stone, or the like. Secured 50
to the inner face of the timbers 22 is a layer
23 of suitable base or insulating material, or a
combination of the two. This layer is generally
secured to the timbers 20 by nailing. The space
24 may' be filled with insulating material, such 55
as rock wool or the like, or it may be left empty
to serve as an air space. The layer 23 is the
suitable support` for the plaster 25 and it will be
noted that the layer 23 is spaced from the metallic
upright I2 by means of the layer 26 which is
formed from insulating material, such as fiber
board or the like, and which is glued or other
wise secured to the steel studs after the steel is
erected by the method of securing which should
10 be such that no metallic parts will extend from
the member I2 through the member 26. Thus,
there Yis no metallic member reaching from. the
ding and affording a means for attachment of
said wall facing; and heat insulating means posi
tioned between said wall facing and one side of
said metallic studding the inner face of said tim
bers lying 4flush with the inner face of said in
’ sulating means.
2. In a wall construction of the class described,
a plurality ofv load-bearing metallic studding in
,spaced relation; a plurality of non-load-bearing
timber studding in spaced relation; a Wall fac 10
ing secured to said timber studding and spanning
said metallic studding; and heatA insulating means
layer 2| to the member 23 and, consequently, a` ~positoned between said Wall facing and said
sweating of the inner surface of the plaster 25y
metallic studding the inner face of said timber
15 will not be effected. >The presence of the timbers ’
~ 22 affords the usual and desired nailing surface sov
studding being positioned inwardly beyond the
inner face of said metallic studding a distance
that the plaster support, such as laths and the- equal to‘ the thickness of said insulating means.
like, may be securely attached in' position.'v ' '3. In combination, a foundation wall; metallic
Metallic girts 28 „are secured to the metallic studding resting upon and projecting upwardly
20 studding I2 between the ceiling 29 and the iloor- `
ing 30 above, a suitable joist 3l being positioned
in the space between these two and resting upon
the girt 28. The same construction appears at
each succeeding fioor and on the girt-Zß I pro
vide a nailing strip 32 which is secured to ther
flange or web of the girt 28.
With a construction in this manner the rigid,
immovable, non-shrinking and non-settling sup
porting frame is thus provided so that the dis
advantages of a Wooden supporting frame are
avoided. At the same time, the disadvantages
of the steel construction are also avoided in that
the inner faces of thev steel supporting frame
from said Wall and affording a means for car
rying the load of the'superstructureya plurality
of non-.load-bearing timber studding projecting
upwardly from said foundation wall; and a Wall
facing secured to the inner face of said timber
studding,said wall facing being in spaced rela
tion to said metallic studding.
4. In a wall construction of the class described,
a foundation wall; a plurality of spaced metallic`
studding mounted on and projecting upwardly
from said wall for carrying the load of the-super 30T
structure; a plurality of non-load-bearing timber
studding projecting upwardly from said founda
tion wall, the inner face of said timber studding
parts are insulated from'the wall which is car- . lying ina plane positioned inwardly of the plane
35 ~ried thereby. This is' effected by the depth of of the inner face of said metallic studding; and
the steel member I2 being less than the depth a'wall facing secured to said timber studding,
of the non-metallic vertical member 22, thus af
said wall facing being in spaced relation to said
fording suitable space for stud insulation- 26. 'I'he metallic studding.
same effect may be had by proper placing of '
5. In a wall construction of the class described,
4o.. equal sizev members.
a foundation wall; a plurality of spaced metallic
While I have illustrated and described the pre
studding mounted on and projecting upwardly
ferred form of construction, Ido not wish to limit from’said vwall forcarrying the load of the super
myself to the precise details of structure shown, , structure; a plurality of non-load-bearing timber
but desire to avail myself of such variations'and studding projecting upwardly from said founda
tion wall, the inner face of said timber studding 45
45 modifications as may appear within thescope 0f
the appended claims.
lying'in a plane positioned inwardly ofthe plane
Having thus described my invention, whatÍIl of the inner face of said metallic studding; a
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
.1. In a building, a wall construction embody
ing a plurality of .spacedV vertically extending
metallic studding for carrying‘the load; a Wall
facing on Vone side of said studding; vertically
extending timbers positioned between said stud
wall facing secured to said timber studding, said 1
wall facing being in spaced relation to said me
tallic studding; and insulating means positioned 50
in the `space between said metallic studding and
said wall facing.l
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