Патент USA US2110406код для вставки
March 8, 1938. J, J, SYBENGA ' 2,110,406 ' CONTAINER AND CLOSURE THEREFOR Filed May 19, 1936 V inf/14y: 2,110,406 UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE Patented Mar. 8, 1938 , 2,110,406 CONTAINER" AND CLOSURE THEREFOR‘ Jacob J. vSybenga, Pella, Iowa,,assignor of one half to Robert C. Lautenbach, Pella, Iowa Application May 19, 1936, Serial No. 80,545 4 Claims. (01. 215-99)= The object of my- invention is to provide a container and closure therefor of simple, durable and inexpensive construction. A further object is to provide in combination 5' with a container, a- closure cap which ‘can be screwed onto or otherwise associated with the terminal end of the neck of the container, but when unscrewed will not become disassociated 1O from the container, this being accomplished simply by means of a wire, formed u-shape, and connected with the cap andassociated with the neck in such manner as to permit rotation and tipping of the cap; yet the wire is so associated with the neck that it cannot be slid off the neck. 15 Still a further object is- to provide retaining means for the cap of a container which accurate ly alines the’cap with the container neck when it is desired to screw the cap on the neck, yet which permits the cap to fall back to an‘out-of 2 O the-way position without becoming disassociated from the container after the cap has been re moved from the threaded terminal end of the neck. ‘ Another object is to provide the wire so formed 25 that a slight swing of the container in the proper direction will cause the cap to swing into proper ly» alined position for thereafter screwing it onto the neck. ' Another object is to provide a modi?ed form of construction in which a‘neck and cap are pro vided, the neck being separable from a container of standard construction. With these andother objects in view, my in vention consists in the construction, arrangement 35 and combination of the various parts of the de vice, whereby the objects contemplatedv are at tained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, point ed out in my claims, and illustrated in the ac companying. drawing, in which: ‘ Figure 1 is a front elevation of a container and closure therefor embodying my invention, the container in this case being a collapsible tube for tooth paste or the like, and the cap being 4 shown in disconnected and tipped-back position. Figure 2 is a view similar to the upper portion of Figure 1 showing the cap swung into position alined with the threads of the neck, Figure 2a being an enlargement of‘ a portion thereof. Figure 3 is a similar view showing the cap 50 screwed into sealing position. , , Figures 4- and 5 are sectional views on the lines 4-4 and 5—5 of Figures 1 and 2 respectively‘, showing the parts on an enlarged scale. 55 Figure 6 is an enlarged perspective view of a special shape of wire which I use as a means for retaining the cap in associatedposition with the neck; Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 1 showing 60 the closure applied to a bottle. Figure '8 is a sectional view on the line 8-8 of Figure 7; and Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 3 showing the neck ‘of my closure structure separable from the container. ' On the accompanying drawing I have used the reference numeral Hi to indicate a container suchas a collapsible tube. It is provided with an elongated neck l2’ having a threaded terminal end‘ M, which is enlarged relative to the neck and thereby provides a shoulder IS. A cap is illustrated at l8 which may be of the ordinary screw threaded type provided with. a gasket or with a cone-like projection 20 to seat against the inner edge 22 of the neck I! for seal ing purposes, as shown in section in Figures 2a and 3. _ I provide a retainer A connected with the cap 18 in any'suitable manner. By way of illustra tion I show the retainer as being provided with a pair of terminal ends 24 curved to follow a cir cle and the cap 18 as having an annular groove 26 to receive the terminal ends 24. The ?ange below the groove 26 is notched as at 28 for the arm portions 30 of the retainer A to 25 extend through. These portions at their lower ends have ?nger-like return bends 32 extending partially around one side of the neck l2, when the cap is in the positions‘ of Figures 2 and 3. The retainer wire A has additional portions 34 which are spaced closer together than the por tions 30, and whichv terminate in a cross bar 36. The cross bar 36 is curved around the opposite side of the neck l2. . The portions 34 are substan tially parallel to each other and spaced a distance approximately‘ equal'to the diameter of the neck I2 as shown in Figures 4 and 5. The portions 3|] are also parallel to each other, but are spaced apart substantially the diameter of the lower end of‘ the cap 18. The retainer A is preferably made of spring wire so that its arms can be spread apart and then, the terminal ends 24 permitted to spring together into the annular groove 26 for thus con necting the retainer A with the cap. Other 45 means of connection‘, of course, can be provided, the main requisite being, that the retainer A be permanently secured to'the cap 18 under normal conditions. ' My retainer A made in the'form shown‘permits 50 the cap it to be unscrewed from the threads I 4 and then dropped back to the open position shown in Figure 1. The cross bar 36 and the ?ngers 32 are spaced apart a distance equal to substan tiallythe diameter of the neck l2, as will be evi dent from an inspection of» Figure 1, so that‘ tip ping back to substantially right angles is pos sible. . . I . . With the parts in the position of Figure 1, the container ill can be swung in a clockwise direction 60 2 V 2, 110,406 , and then, stopped, whereupon momentum will alents which may be reasonably included‘ within carry the cap l8 to the position of Figure 2, wherein the cap is properly alined for screwing onto the threaded end M of the neck. The two semi-circular parts formed by the ?ngers 32 and their scope. . I claim as my invention: 1.‘ ‘In adevice of the classdescribed, a container having a neck, a cap for the terminal end of said neck and means for retaining said cap against the cross bar 36 serve to cause such alinement, whereupon the cap can be screwed to the sealed .disassociation fromv said neck comprising a single position of Figure 3. The neck ll, of course,‘ is piece of wire formed‘ U-shape, the cross bar there long enough to permit movement of the cap from of being curved around one side of said neck, the 10 the position of Figure 2 to the position of Figure 3. terminal ends of the arms of said U-shaped wire The shoulder l6 permits the cap to be unscrewed / ‘being. curved to follow a circle in a plane at right 10 from the position of Figure 2, but prevents any angles to the length of said U-shaped wire, said further sliding ‘of the cap and retainer oif the arms intermediate their ends having ?ngers neck i 2, and thereafter the ?ngers 32 and they curved around the side of said neck opposite the 15 cross bar 36 cannot pass the shoulder l6, and therefore the wire A retains the cap l8 against . disassociation from the neck l2. The wire A may beinexpensively formed, yet ' serves the purpose of eifectively retaining the cap 20 l8 from disassociation from the neck l2, and pro vides a quick means of alinement of the cap with the threads on which it is, normally positioned, which is a decided advantage as it eliminates the necessity of having to .be particular about getting 25 the cap accurately arranged at right angles to the axis of the neck before screwing it into posi tion. ' . My closure cap, of course, is adaptable for bottles and other containers as well as collapsible 30 tubes. In Figure 71 show a bottle Illa. having a side around which said cross bar is curved, said 15 cap having a groove to receive said curved ter ' minal ends, and notches at right angles to said ?rst groove to receive the portions of said‘arms adjacent said terminal ends. .7 2. In a device of the class described, a con 20 tainer having a neck, a cap for the terminal’en‘d of said neck andlmeans for retaining said cap‘ against disassociation from said neck comprising a single piece of wire formed U-shape, the cross bar thereof being curved around the front of 25 said neck, the arms thereof extending substan tially parallel along thesides of said ‘neck, the terminal ends of said arms being curved to fol low a ‘circle in a plane at right angles to the length of said U-shaped wire, said arms inter mediate their ends having ?ngers curved around the back of said neck, said cap having a groove are similarto the retainer and cap already de to receive said curved terminal ends, saidfgroove scribed, except that they'are on a larger; scale.‘ extending at least partially around said cap, said 35 Other parts of the invention as shown in Figures ' cross bar. and ?ngers being vertically spaced‘a 35 >7'-and 8 which are similar to the parts already distancesubstantially equal to the diameter of described in connection with Figures 1 to 6 bear said neck, said neck being depressedalong‘ one the same reference numerals with the addition ‘side to prevent rotation of said cap and U-shaped . of “a” wire when the cap is in position disengaging. the neck in anda screw threaded terminal end Illa. - A retainer A’ and a cap lBa are provided which 40 Instead of the curved terminal ends 24 and the ‘ terminal end of said neck. 40 groove“ and the notches 28 I have illustrated 3. In a device of the class ‘described, a con the arms 30a as being knurled at their upper tainer having a neck, arcap for the terminal ends and moulded into bosses 38 of the'cap 18a, in end ‘of said neck and 'means for retaining said order to show another method of securing the re cap against disassociation from said neck com , 45 tainer to the cap. In Figures v'7 and 8 I also show a depressed or ?at portion 40 on .the neck Ila and the por tions 34a. as being of slightly less diameter than the diameter of the neck I'Za, so that one of the 50 portions 34a,'when against the ?at side 40, will prising a piece of wire formed with a cross bar 45 curved around the front of saidineck, with arms extending substantially parallel along the sides of said neck, the terminal ends of saidjarms being curved to follow a circle in a plane at right angles to the length of said U-shaped wire, said 50 prevent rotation of the retainer A’, when in the terminal ends following such circle in the same position shown in Figures '7 and 8, relative to the direction therearound, said arms intermediate neck l2a. This permits rotation of the bottle their ends having rebent ?ngers curved around to a position‘with the cap law extending sidewise the back of said neck, said cap having a groove 55 whereupon the contents can be poured from the’ to receive said curved terminal ends and notches bottle without the cap swinging into the stream to receive said arms'adjacent said terminal ends. 55 of issuing‘ liquid. ' s v In Figure 9 I show a modi?ed construction in 4. In a device'of the class described, a con tainer having a neck, a cap'for the terminal ‘end which parts similar to those already described. of saidnéck and means for retaining said cap 60 ‘bear the same reference numeral with the addi against disassociation from said‘ neck compris tion of “b”. The neck 12b has on its lower end a coupling 42 for connection with the neck 44 of a standard collapsible tube or other container 46, whereby the neck unit l2b, the cap unit I81) and 65 the retainer A" of Figure 9 may be provided as an attachment for existing types of containers in stead of having to modify the neck of the con tainer as in Figures 1~to 8. ' » Modi?cations such as suggested and also others .70 may be made without departing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and it is my intention to cover by my‘ claims any modi?ed forms of structure or use of mechanical equiv ing a piece of wire having a cross bar curved around the‘ back of said neck and arms extend 60 ing along the sides of said neck, the upper ‘ends of said arms being substantially diametrically opposed to each other and bent in opposite di rections to lie in a plane at substantially rightv 65 angles to the length of said’ retaining meansfsaid ends beingv curved to follow a circle in said plane, said arms having rebent ?ngers interme diate their ends, said'rebent ?ngers being curved 70 around the-front’ of said neck, said cap having a groove to receive said curved upper ends. JACOB J. SYBENGA.