Патент USA US2110463код для вставки
March ‘8, 1938. '|-|_ _w_ FERGuS-QN ' ‘ 2,110,463 SCALP COOLING APPLIANCE Filed July 2s,_ 1935 v r 2 sheetsésheet 1 March 8,1933; ‘2,110,463 H. w. FERGUSON ~ SCALP COOLING APPLIANCE Filed July 23, 1935 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 23 17/117014) WFi'ksuswv, Patented Mme, less 2,110,463 1 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,110,463 Harold SCALP w. COOLING Ferguson, Rochester, N. r. Application July 23, 1935, sci-m No. 32,819 25 Claims. (Cl. 132-36) of a person and having its transverse dimension This invention relates to a scalp cooling appli materially greater than its vertical dimension to One object of the invention‘ ‘is to provide a 7 increase the capacity of the tube without in creasing‘its height and to provide a bottom sur simple, practical and e?icient scalp cooling ap face which will prevent the tube from rolling on 5 5 pliance of strong, durable and comparatively in expensive construction adapted particularly for the head, of a person and from displacing side ance. use during the operation of a. permanent waving . openings provided, in the tube for the discharge of a cooling medium over the scalp. A further object of the invention is to provide over the scalp and under the waving apparatus " l0 and the protectors thereof in such a manner as means for preventing the ?attened elliptical scalp 10 not to interfere with the various types of heaters cooling tubes from collapsing and also to equip the scalp cooling tubes with terminal means lo or parts used for curling the hair. \ A further object of the invention‘is to provide cated at the outer ends of the tubes for engaging a scalpv cooling appliance of this character which the hair to assist in retaining the tubes in proper 15 may be mounted on a chair at the back thereof adjustment and prevent them from‘ being. acci- l8 or otherwise supported and capable of vertical dentally withdrawn from beneath the protectors. ‘ It is still further designed to'provide a scalp adjustment to compensate 'for variations in the height or the head oi’ a person above the back of cooling tube adapted for arrangement upon the machine to cool the scalp by passing cool air the chair. 20 I Another object of the invention is to provide a scalp cooling appliance equipped with a plu rality of individual air ducts or tubes capable of adjustment to vary thev length of the same and thereby afford individual adjustment to each of head of a person and having openings in. a side thereof for the discharge of a cooling medium 20 and at the bottom thereof being, relatively broad and ?at to resist rolling of thetube in use‘ and thereby maintain the discharge openingsiof the tube in proper‘ position withyrelation' to the scalp, 25 the ducts or tubes for conveniently arranging ' the tube being provided with means for perma- 25 scalp cooling tubes or ducts in the desired posi tion on the head of a person with relation to nently maintaining its shape with said broad ?at surface at the bottom thereof. It is' still iurther designed to provide a hair cooling appliance including a ?exible member adapted to conform to the shape of the user’s 30 the hair curling devices, heating elements and protectors of a permanent waving machine. 30 A further object of the invention is‘ vto provide ?exible elliptical or ?attened scalp cooling tubes > head and provided with means for causing air to adapted to conform to the con?guration of the be de?ected downwardly onto the user’s scalp to cool the same. head of a person and designed to be arranged be With these and other objects in view, the intween and extend partially beneath and be re 35 tained in position by opposite spaced protectors‘ vention consists in the construction and novel which are employed in conjunction with the combination and arrangement of- parts herein ,after fully described, illustrated in the accom heaters 01’ a permanent waving machine. It is also an object of the invention to provide panying drawings and pointed out in the claims a scalp cooling tube of this character provided hereto appended, it being understood that various 40 at opposite sides with discharge ori?ces adapted changes in the form, proportion and minor deto emit air at frequent intervals along the sides of tails of construction, within the scope of the the tube for passing a layer of cool air over the scalp and under the protectors and heaters whereby the scalp may be maintained in a cool, 45 comfortable condition while the heaters are in use. - A further object orthe invention is to provide means carried by the scalp cooling tubes for di recting the currents of vjets of air downwardly 60 upon the scalp so that all of theair discharged irom the scalp cooling tubes will be effective for cooling the scalp. ' : Another object of the invention is to provide - for scalp cooling appliances a shallow scalp cool- a 56 ing tube adapted to be arranged upon the head . , 35 40 claims, may be resorted to. without departing from the spirit or sacri?cing'any oi’. the advan tages oi’ the inventions In the drawings:-- ‘ ’ 45 Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a scalp cooling ap pliance constructed in accordance with this in vention and shown mounted on the back of a chair and illustrating the arrangement of, the scalp cooling tubes on the head 01 a person. 50 Fig. 2 is atransverse sectional view taken sub stantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, illustrating the arrangement of_ the scalp cooling tubes. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view of one oi’ the scalp cooling tubes taken on the line 3-8 of 65 \ 8,110,468 Fig. 4 and looking in the direction of the arrow. Fig. 4 is a'transverse sectional .view of one of scalp by the said protectors and are enabled to thescalpcoolingtubestakenonthelinel-lof fecting the eillciency of the heaters or interfer~~ ing with-the operation 'of the curling or other hair treating devices. In practice, the curling Fig. 3. ‘ . Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view.of the air 5 distributing means. devices, heaters and protectors are arranged in ‘ l'ig. 6 is a transverse sectional view of the same taken on the line 0-0 of Fig. 5. ‘ Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view taken on the 10 line 1-1 of Fig. 5. ~ cool the scalp below the protectors without ai'-, . , In the accompanying drawings, in which is illustrated the preferred embodiment 'of the in vention, the scalp cooling appliance may be mounted on the back I of a chair or any other 15 suitable support and be operated by an ordinary rows, as illustratedldiagrammatically in Fig. l of the drawings, and the ?exible scalp cooling tubes which are adapted to conform automati cally to the con?guration of the head of a per son are located between the rows of curling de vices below the heaters and the protectors. The ?attened ?exible scalp cooling tubes are provided at opposite sides with ori?ces I! located at intervals and adapted to emit air at opposite l5. sides of the scalp cooling tubes and at frequent air blower (not shown). The supporting means may be varied, if any used, and the appliance‘ intervals. In order to‘ enable the air’ to be di includes telescoping tubes I and 4 constituting a, .rected downwardly against the scalp, the scalp main air conduit and adjustable to compensate 20 for the height of the head 5 of a person above the back I of the-chair or other support. Of course, the appliance may be supported above the user's head. In any event, as shown for pur poses of illustration, the tube 4 may be mounted cooling tubes are provided at opposite sides with‘ ' air de?ectors I. located above the ori?ces l5 and 20 if desired, they may be curved-downwardly, as clearly shown inFig. 4 of the drawings. The de?ectors is preferably consist of ?aps and may be conveniently formed by a strip of rubber or 25 on the back I. of a chair or any other convenient. other ‘suitable material secured to the scalp cool- ' portion thereof in any desired manner. It is preferably secured to the chair by means of a‘ clamp O of the ordinary construction and a gasket ‘I of rubber‘or other suitable material is 30 mounted on the tube I and interposed between the said telescoping tubes 3 and 4 at one end of the tube 4 to form an air-tight Joint and also to provide frictional means for maintaining the tube 3 in its adjusted position. 7 35 The tube or pipe I is connected. stem end with a suitable casing 8 having an air distrib uting chamber 9. The casing I, as shown, is ing tubes and extending longitudinally of the same and projecting at opposite sides thereof. The strips 10 may be secured to the tubes in any suitable manner and the latter may be prevented from collapsing by interiorly arranged light coil springs 2|’ composed of ‘substantially elliptical convolutions which ?t the inner surfaces of the scalp cooling tubes._ Any other suitable means may, however, be employed for preventing the scalp cooling tubes from collapsing and which will not interfere with the flexibility of the tubes or thedischarge of air therefrom. approximately triangular and tapers downwardly The outer ends 22 of the scalp cooling tubes in width as shown in l?g. 5, and upwardly in 40 transverse depth as shown in Fig. 1. The casing are closed and form relatively solid extensions 5 may be of other formation. through which pass wires 28 having- laterally 40 bent ends 24 and forming a pair of laterally ex ' The tube 3 is connected to one end of them ing I and communicates with the chamber 9 and the outer end of the chamber is' provided 45 with a ‘plurality of relatively ?xed tubes it into which telescopingly ?t relatively adjustable tubes tending hooks which are adapted to engage'with the hair of a person to asist in maintaining the scalp cooling tubes in position and to prevent the same from being withdrawn from the-head of a 45 person. While the scalp cooling tubes are shown provided at each side with a laterally extending ll vconstructed of metal or other suitable rigid material. The telescoping tubes Ill and II which - hook, one of the hooks of each of the tubes may, form individual extensible air distributing mem- , 50 bers or ducts are adapted to be lengthened and of course, be omitted. ) _ The scalp cooling appliance is adapted to be shortened to enable ?exible scalp cooling tubes readily applied to the scalp of a person and may I! to be properly adjusted and positioned on the scalp of a person, as illustrated in Fig. l of the drawings.‘ The individual telescopic air distrib 55 uting members, ?ve of which are shown in Fig. 5, may be of any desired number, and they are’ provided at the outer ends of the relatively ?xed tubes Ill with ?exible collars ll of rubber or be used with various types of permanent waving other suitable material to form. air-tight Joints 00 at the telescoping connection between the tubes II and ii. ' The scalp cooling tubes I! are preferably con structed of rubber or other ?exible material and have reduced inner terminal portions it which 65 are connected by ?exible coupling sleeves II with or other hair curling‘ machines. The broad ?at surface at the bottom of the scalp cooling tube is adapted to prevent the scalp cooling tube from rolling, and it maintains the discharge openings inproper position with relation to the scalp when the scalp cooling tube is used with permanent waving machines which do not have protectors arranged to extend over the scalp cooling tube and hold the same in proper position on the head of a person. The vertical adJustment of the main air duct enables the air distributing cas ing and the air distributing tubes to be arranged at di?erent elevations to compensate for varia the outer ends of the tubes I!‘ and are substan- , tions in the‘height of the head of persons from tially elliptical in cross section and thereby ?at the back of the chair and the individually ad; ‘ tened and adapted to ?t against the scalp of a Justable telescoping tubes of the air distributing person beneath the hair__curling devices ll‘, casing enable the scalp cooling tubes to be ad 70 heaters .II and protectors ll of a permanent Justed longitudinally to enable them to be ar-' ’waving machine, as clearly illustrated in Fig. 2 ranged in the desired position on the scalp of a 70 of the drawings. The I ?attened scalp cooling person and with relation to the curling and heat tubes are adapted to extend partially beneath the common opposite spaced heater protectors 75, and they are thereby retained in position on the ing devices‘ of a permanent waving or other hair curling machine and "while the scalp cooling tubes are shown as extending longitudinally of the scalp 75 3 2,110,408 from the back of the head to the front thereof‘ ori?ces'arranged at intervals, and strips of ma-. they may, of course, be disposed transversely terial secured to the-tubes and extending longi between the rows of heating and curling ele . tudinally-thereof at the top otthe same and pro ments. The scalp cooling tubes discharge air jecting'laterally over the ori?ces and extended over'the scalp and maintain a cool layer oi! air downwardly for directing the air against the _. , over the scalp below the heaters and beneath the scalp. ' 6. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a plu protectors I'l so that the scalp is maintained 10 in a cool condition -while the heaters are in op rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes'having ori- , ' eration. Moreover, as the cool air is discharged ?ces for the discharge of air“ against the scalp downwardly against the scalp below the protec tors, the scalp cooling device will not diminish of a person and provided at theouter ends with 10 means for engaging the hair to assist in retain-. ing the tubes in position on the head of a person. or otherwise affect the e?iclency of the heaters of the machine. I 7. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a plu- ' I The tubes l2a are ?exible and extend from the 15 telescoping tubes H and are ?tted on the upper ends of the same to form air-tight connections with the said‘ tubes II. ‘The ?exible tubes l2‘!L may be of any desired length and they permit the necessary movement or adjustment of 'the 20 scalp cooling tubes to enable the latter to be arranged on the head of a person ,in the desired positions with relation to the curling devices, heating elements and protectors of the machine. What is claimed is: _ a 1. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a main 25 air duct’ designed to be mounted on a chair at the back thereof and composed of telescopingly con a laterally projecting hook arranged to engage the hair for limiting longitudinal movement of the tubes on the scalp. _ ‘ . 8. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a. plu 20 rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes having ori ?ces for the discharge of air against the scalp of a person, said tubes being closed at their outer ends and provided thereat with laterally extend ing elements secured to the closed ends of the 25 tubes and forming hooks for engaging the hair of a. person to limit longitudinal movement of the / " nected upper and lower tubular members provid tubes. ing a vertical adjustmentfor the scalp cooling . 9. A ‘scalp cooling appliance comprising a_ main air\ conduit, a substantially triangular casing 30 30 appliance to compensate for variations in the height of the head of a person above the back of the chair, a casing communicating with and carried by the upper tubular member of the main air conduit and having an air distributing cham ber and provided with a, plurality of individual relatively rigid air distributing members, and a plurality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes connected with the said individual air distributing members and adapted to be arranged against the scalp of a person and provided with means for discharging cool air over the scalp.‘ 2. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a main air conduit, a casing communicating with and carried by the main air conduit and having an air distributing chamber, a plurality of adjust able individual air distributing members com posed of relatively rigid telescopingly connected tubes permitting individual lengthening and shortening of the distributing members, and scalp 50 cooling tubes connected with the adjustable air distributing members and provided with means for the discharge of air. 3. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu rality of air delivering scalp cooling tubes adapt 55 ed to be arranged upon the head of a person and having air discharge ori?ces _and provided with means projecting from the tubes above the ori 60 rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes having ori?ces for the discharge of air against the scalp of a person, each of said tubes being provided with ' communicating with said conduit ‘and tapered in ' width downwardly and in. depth upwardly and provided at the top with a plurality of rigid tubes, adjustable tubes telescoping into the rigid tubes, a plurality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapt ed to be arranged upon the head of a person and provided with means for discharging air against the scalp, and means for connecting the scalp cooling device to the adjustable tubes. . 10. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas 40 ing having an air distributing chamber and pro vided with a plurality of rigid tubes projecting from the casing and communicating with/said chamber, ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapted to be arranged upon the head of a person and pro 45 vided with means for discharging air ‘against the scalp and having reduced terminal portions, and means including ?exible couplings for connecting the reduced terminals of ‘the scalp cooling tubes to the tubes of the casing. ‘ ' 50 ' ' 11. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas ing having anair distributing chamber and pro vided with a plurality oi.’ rigid tubes communicat-_ ing with the chamber, adjustable tubes telescop ingly connected with the rigid tubes, ?exible col 55 lars arranged on the said tubes and forming an air-tight joint at-the telescoping connections of ?ces for directingagainstthe scalp the air dis the same, and ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapt charged fromthe ori?ces. having means for discharging air against the 60 4. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu rality of ?exible air delivering scalp cooling tubes approximately elliptical in cross ‘section and adapted when placed upon the head of a person to conform to the con?guration of the scalp and provided at opposite sides with air discharge ori ?ces, and means for directing the air downward ly against the scalp, said means consisting of ‘ flaps projecting from the sides of the scalp cool ing tubes and curved downwardly over the ori?ces. ' - 5,. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu rality of air deliverying scalp cooling tubes de ed to'be arranged on the head of a person and scalp, and means for connecting the scalp‘cooling ,tubes to the adjustable tubes. ‘ - 12. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas ing having an air distributing chamber and pro vided with a plurality of rigid tubes projecting 65 .from the casing and communicating with the chamber, ?exible air cooling tubes adapted to, be arranged upon the head of a person and provided , with means for discharging air 'over the scalp for cooling the same, ‘and means including ?exible 70 tubes for connecting the scalp cooling tubes with the rigid tubes of the casing. ‘ 13. A scalp cooling appliance including a '?ex signed to be arranged upon the head of a person ible member provided with openings for discharg and provided at opposite sides with air discharge ing air therefrom, and means projecting vfrom the 1 1 1.5 . 4 8,1 10,468 member .i'or directing-the air downwardly against sidesthereottodischargeairoverthescalpbe the scalp to cool the latter. neath the respective opposite rows 01' heating ., devices to cool the scalp inproximity to the heat 14. The combination with a hair cooling ma chine including hair ~curling devices. spaced rows. ing ‘devices and between and under and beyond the same during the hair treatment period. or heating elements provided with protectors lo cated below the heating elements, oi’ a scalp cool 21. A scalp treating appliance including an air conduit, a distributing chamber supplied with ing appliance including a plurality of separate, ?exible, scalp cooling tubes designed tobe ar air by said conduit, a plurality of ?xed'tubular members communicating with the distributing ranged upon the head of a person and eachtube 10 having a discharge outlet, one tube being _ar . chamber, a plurality of adjustable tubular mem ranged between opposite heating elements and their protectors, said scalp cooling tubes being bers telescoping the ?xed tubular members, and scalp cooling tubes connected with the adjustable each provided with overhanging means‘ engage- ' tubular members and adapted to be adjusted by _ ' able by said protectors to retain the tubes in po 15 sition for discharging air against the scalp for the telescoping oi the same. _ , 15; A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp cooling tube of ?exible material having an out 22. A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp cooling tube adapted to be arranged upon the head of a person and having openings at opposite sides for the discharge 0! a' cooling medium, said let ior the discharge of a cooling medium, and a scalp cooling tube being ?attened and approxi-. spring having substantially elliptical coils ar ranged within the‘scalp cooling tube and main mately elliptical in cross section to present to the 20 cooling the scalp. - _ scalp a relatively broad suriaceand bring the discharge openings close to the scalp, the sub stantially elliptical shape or, the tube being taining the same substantially elliptical in cross section, whereby the tube when arranged on the head 0! a person will present a relatively broad 25 surface to the scalp and when used with a hair treating device will permit the same to be ar ranged close to the scalp. adapted, to resist rolling of the same and thereby maintain the discharge openings in proper posi 25 tion and said'scalp cooling tube having means for permanently maintaining it in its substan 16. The combination with a hair curling ‘ma- ‘ tially elliptical shape. chine comprising hair curling devices, and spaced 23. A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp‘ 30 rows of heating elements provided with scalp prof, cooling tube adapted to be arranged upon‘ the tectors, of a scalp cooling appliance including a head of a person and having in a side thereof plurality of scalp cooling tubes ?exible through openings for the discharge of a cooling medium, out their lengths designed to be'arranged upon said scalp cooling tube having at the bottom the head 01’ a person under the protectors oi’ said» a broad ?at surface to ?t against the head, 0! a person to prevent rolling of the tube in use and 35 heating elements and provided with means for discharging air against the scalp, said tubes be thereby maintain the discharge openings of the ing substantially elliptical in cross section- and retained in place by the said heating elements and their protectors. ' 17. A scalp cooling appliance including a ?ex- ' ible .scalp cooling tubeadapted to be arranged upon the head oi‘a person and provided with means arranged to engage the hair for holding the scalp cooling tube in place. 45 18. A scalp treating appliance including a hair treating device, a protector located beneath the scalp treating device and interposed between the same and the headeoi a person when in use, and a scalp cooling tube ‘adapted to be arranged on the head oi’ a person and substantially ellipti cal in cross section and extending under the pro tector and held in place by the same. 55 19. A head cooling appliance including spaced protectors adapted to be arranged beneath hair treating devices, and a scalp cooling tube ap-v proximately elliptical in cross section and pre senting a ?attened top surface extending beneath and engaged by said protectors to hold the scalp cooling tube in place. ' ~ tube in proper position with relation to the scalp and said scalp cooling tube being provided with means for permanentlyv maintaining its shape writh said broad ?at surface at the bottom there 0 . 40 - 24. A scalp cooling appliance including a shal low scalp cooling tube adapted to be arranged upon the head .01’ a person and provided in side of it with openings for the discharge or cooling medium and having at- the bottom broad ?at surface to ?t against'the head of a a 45 a a person and to prevent rolling of the tube and thereby maintain the discharge openings in prop er position with relation to the scalp, said tube having its transverse dimension materially great er than its vertical dimension thereby providing a tube of increased capacity without increasing the height of the tube. ' . . 25. vA scalp cooling appliance including a rela tively long substantially shallow scalp cooling tube having its transverse dimension at least twice as great as its vertical dimension to in I crease the capacity of the tube 'without increasing 20. The combinationwith a hair cooling ma its height and to provide a bottom surface to '00 chine including hair curling devices and spaced/ prevent-rolling of the tube on a person's scalp rows of heating devices provided with scalp pro-i and provided in a side with openings for the tectors, oi’ a cooling appliance including a tube discharge of a cooling medium under pressure ,to be arranged upon the head of a person under from the interior of the tube over the scalp 0! 05 opposite rows of protectors oi’ the heating devices - the person. 05 and e?ectively retained in place by the protectors and having air discharge openings on opposite ‘ HAROLD W. FERGUSON.