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Патент USA US2110463

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March ‘8, 1938.
'|-|_ _w_ FERGuS-QN
'
‘
2,110,463
SCALP COOLING APPLIANCE
Filed July 2s,_ 1935
v
r
2 sheetsésheet 1
March 8,1933;
‘2,110,463
H. w. FERGUSON
~ SCALP COOLING APPLIANCE
Filed July 23, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
23
17/117014) WFi'ksuswv,
Patented Mme, less
2,110,463
1 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,110,463
Harold
SCALP
w. COOLING
Ferguson, Rochester, N. r.
Application July 23, 1935, sci-m No. 32,819
25 Claims. (Cl. 132-36)
of a person and having its transverse dimension
This invention relates to a scalp cooling appli
materially greater than its vertical dimension to
One object of the invention‘ ‘is to provide a 7 increase the capacity of the tube without in
creasing‘its height and to provide a bottom sur
simple, practical and e?icient scalp cooling ap
face which will prevent the tube from rolling on 5
5 pliance of strong, durable and comparatively in
expensive construction adapted particularly for the head, of a person and from displacing side
ance.
use during the operation of a. permanent waving .
openings provided, in the tube for the discharge
of a cooling medium over the scalp.
A further object of the invention is to provide
over the scalp and under the waving apparatus "
l0 and the protectors thereof in such a manner as means for preventing the ?attened elliptical scalp 10
not to interfere with the various types of heaters cooling tubes from collapsing and also to equip
the scalp cooling tubes with terminal means lo
or parts used for curling the hair.
\
A further object of the invention‘is to provide cated at the outer ends of the tubes for engaging
a scalpv cooling appliance of this character which the hair to assist in retaining the tubes in proper
15 may be mounted on a chair at the back thereof adjustment and prevent them from‘ being. acci- l8
or otherwise supported and capable of vertical dentally withdrawn from beneath the protectors. ‘
It is still further designed to'provide a scalp
adjustment to compensate 'for variations in the
height or the head oi’ a person above the back of cooling tube adapted for arrangement upon the
machine to cool the scalp by passing cool air
the chair.
20
I
Another object of the invention is to provide
a scalp cooling appliance equipped with a plu
rality of individual air ducts or tubes capable of
adjustment to vary thev length of the same and
thereby afford individual adjustment to each of
head of a person and having openings in. a side
thereof for the discharge of a cooling medium 20
and at the bottom thereof being, relatively broad
and ?at to resist rolling of thetube in use‘ and
thereby maintain the discharge openingsiof the
tube in proper‘ position withyrelation' to the scalp,
25 the ducts or tubes for conveniently arranging ' the tube being provided with means for perma- 25
scalp cooling tubes or ducts in the desired posi
tion on the head of a person with relation to
nently maintaining its shape with said broad ?at
surface at the bottom thereof.
It is' still iurther designed to provide a hair
cooling appliance including a ?exible member
adapted to conform to the shape of the user’s 30
the hair curling devices, heating elements and
protectors of a permanent waving machine.
30 A further object of the invention is‘ vto provide
?exible elliptical or ?attened scalp cooling tubes > head and provided with means for causing air to
adapted to conform to the con?guration of the be de?ected downwardly onto the user’s scalp
to cool the same.
head of a person and designed to be arranged be
With these and other objects in view, the intween and extend partially beneath and be re
35 tained in position by opposite spaced protectors‘ vention consists in the construction and novel
which are employed in conjunction with the combination and arrangement of- parts herein
,after fully described, illustrated in the accom
heaters 01’ a permanent waving machine.
It is also an object of the invention to provide panying drawings and pointed out in the claims
a scalp cooling tube of this character provided hereto appended, it being understood that various
40 at opposite sides with discharge ori?ces adapted changes in the form, proportion and minor deto emit air at frequent intervals along the sides of tails of construction, within the scope of the
the tube for passing a layer of cool air over the
scalp and under the protectors and heaters
whereby the scalp may be maintained in a cool,
45 comfortable condition while the heaters are in
use.
-
A further object orthe invention is to provide
means carried by the scalp cooling tubes for di
recting the currents of vjets of air downwardly
60 upon the scalp so that all of theair discharged
irom the scalp cooling tubes will be effective for
cooling the scalp.
'
:
Another object of the invention is to provide
- for scalp cooling appliances a shallow scalp cool- a
56 ing tube adapted to be arranged upon the head
.
,
35
40
claims, may be resorted to. without departing
from the spirit or sacri?cing'any oi’. the advan
tages oi’ the inventions
In the drawings:--
‘
’
45
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a scalp cooling ap
pliance constructed in accordance with this in
vention and shown mounted on the back of a
chair and illustrating the arrangement of, the
scalp cooling tubes on the head 01 a person.
50
Fig. 2 is atransverse sectional view taken sub
stantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, illustrating
the arrangement of_ the scalp cooling tubes.
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view of one oi’
the scalp cooling tubes taken on the line 3-8 of 65 \
8,110,468
Fig. 4 and looking in the direction of the arrow.
Fig. 4 is a'transverse sectional .view of one of
scalp by the said protectors and are enabled to
thescalpcoolingtubestakenonthelinel-lof
fecting the eillciency of the heaters or interfer~~
ing with-the operation 'of the curling or other
hair treating devices. In practice, the curling
Fig. 3.
‘
.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view.of the air
5
distributing means.
devices, heaters and protectors are arranged in
‘
l'ig. 6 is a transverse sectional view of the
same taken on the line 0-0 of Fig. 5. ‘
Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view taken on the
10
line 1-1 of Fig. 5.
~
cool the scalp below the protectors without ai'-,
.
,
In the accompanying drawings, in which is
illustrated the preferred embodiment 'of the in
vention, the scalp cooling appliance may be
mounted on the back I of a chair or any other
15 suitable support and be operated by an ordinary
rows, as illustratedldiagrammatically in Fig. l
of the drawings, and the ?exible scalp cooling
tubes which are adapted to conform automati
cally to the con?guration of the head of a per
son are located between the rows of curling de
vices below the heaters and the protectors.
The ?attened ?exible scalp cooling tubes are
provided at opposite sides with ori?ces I! located
at intervals and adapted to emit air at opposite l5.
sides of the scalp cooling tubes and at frequent
air blower (not shown). The supporting means
may be varied, if any used, and the appliance‘ intervals. In order to‘ enable the air’ to be di
includes telescoping tubes I and 4 constituting a, .rected downwardly against the scalp, the scalp
main air conduit and adjustable to compensate
20 for the height of the head 5 of a person above
the back I of the-chair or other support. Of
course, the appliance may be supported above the
user's head. In any event, as shown for pur
poses of illustration, the tube 4 may be mounted
cooling tubes are provided at opposite sides with‘ '
air de?ectors I. located above the ori?ces l5 and 20
if desired, they may be curved-downwardly, as
clearly shown inFig. 4 of the drawings. The
de?ectors is preferably consist of ?aps and may
be conveniently formed by a strip of rubber or
25 on the back I. of a chair or any other convenient.
other ‘suitable material secured to the scalp cool- '
portion thereof in any desired manner. It is
preferably secured to the chair by means of a‘
clamp O of the ordinary construction and a
gasket ‘I of rubber‘or other suitable material is
30 mounted on the tube I and interposed between
the said telescoping tubes 3 and 4 at one end
of the tube 4 to form an air-tight Joint and also
to provide frictional means for maintaining the
tube 3 in its adjusted position. 7
35
The tube or pipe I is connected. stem end
with a suitable casing 8 having an air distrib
uting chamber 9. The casing I, as shown, is
ing tubes and extending longitudinally of the
same and projecting at opposite sides thereof.
The strips 10 may be secured to the tubes in any
suitable manner and the latter may be prevented
from collapsing by interiorly arranged light coil
springs 2|’ composed of ‘substantially elliptical
convolutions which ?t the inner surfaces of the
scalp cooling tubes._ Any other suitable means
may, however, be employed for preventing the
scalp cooling tubes from collapsing and which
will not interfere with the flexibility of the tubes
or thedischarge of air therefrom.
approximately triangular and tapers downwardly
The outer ends 22 of the scalp cooling tubes
in width as shown in l?g. 5, and upwardly in
40 transverse depth as shown in Fig. 1. The casing
are closed and form relatively solid extensions
5 may be of other formation.
through which pass wires 28 having- laterally 40
bent ends 24 and forming a pair of laterally ex
'
The tube 3 is connected to one end of them
ing I and communicates with the chamber 9
and the outer end of the chamber is' provided
45 with a ‘plurality of relatively ?xed tubes it into
which telescopingly ?t relatively adjustable tubes
tending hooks which are adapted to engage'with
the hair of a person to asist in maintaining the
scalp cooling tubes in position and to prevent the
same from being withdrawn from the-head of a 45
person. While the scalp cooling tubes are shown
provided at each side with a laterally extending
ll vconstructed of metal or other suitable rigid
material. The telescoping tubes Ill and II which - hook, one of the hooks of each of the tubes may,
form individual extensible air distributing mem- ,
50 bers or ducts are adapted to be lengthened and
of course, be omitted.
)
_
The scalp cooling appliance is adapted to be
shortened to enable ?exible scalp cooling tubes
readily applied to the scalp of a person and may
I! to be properly adjusted and positioned on the
scalp of a person, as illustrated in Fig. l of the
drawings.‘ The individual telescopic air distrib
55 uting members, ?ve of which are shown in Fig. 5,
may be of any desired number, and they are’
provided at the outer ends of the relatively ?xed
tubes Ill with ?exible collars ll of rubber or
be used with various types of permanent waving
other suitable material to form. air-tight Joints
00 at the telescoping connection between the tubes
II and ii.
'
The scalp cooling tubes I! are preferably con
structed of rubber or other ?exible material and
have reduced inner terminal portions it which
65 are connected by ?exible coupling sleeves II with
or other hair curling‘ machines. The broad ?at
surface at the bottom of the scalp cooling tube is
adapted to prevent the scalp cooling tube from
rolling, and it maintains the discharge openings
inproper position with relation to the scalp when
the scalp cooling tube is used with permanent
waving machines which do not have protectors
arranged to extend over the scalp cooling tube
and hold the same in proper position on the head
of a person. The vertical adJustment of the
main air duct enables the air distributing cas
ing and the air distributing tubes to be arranged
at di?erent elevations to compensate for varia
the outer ends of the tubes I!‘ and are substan- , tions in the‘height of the head of persons from
tially elliptical in cross section and thereby ?at
the back of the chair and the individually ad; ‘
tened and adapted to ?t against the scalp of a Justable telescoping tubes of the air distributing
person beneath the hair__curling devices ll‘, casing enable the scalp cooling tubes to be ad
70 heaters .II and protectors ll of a permanent Justed longitudinally to enable them to be ar-'
’waving machine, as clearly illustrated in Fig. 2 ranged in the desired position on the scalp of a 70
of the drawings. The I ?attened scalp cooling person and with relation to the curling and heat
tubes are adapted to extend partially beneath
the common opposite spaced heater protectors
75, and they are thereby retained in position on the
ing devices‘ of a permanent waving or other hair
curling machine and "while the scalp cooling tubes
are shown as extending longitudinally of the scalp 75
3
2,110,408
from the back of the head to the front thereof‘ ori?ces'arranged at intervals, and strips of ma-.
they may, of course, be disposed transversely terial secured to the-tubes and extending longi
between the rows of heating and curling ele . tudinally-thereof at the top otthe same and pro
ments. The scalp cooling tubes discharge air jecting'laterally over the ori?ces and extended
over'the scalp and maintain a cool layer oi! air downwardly for directing the air against the
_.
,
over the scalp below the heaters and beneath the scalp. '
6. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a plu
protectors I'l so that the scalp is maintained
10
in a cool condition -while the heaters are in op
rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes'having ori- , '
eration. Moreover, as the cool air is discharged
?ces for the discharge of air“ against the scalp
downwardly against the scalp below the protec
tors, the scalp cooling device will not diminish
of a person and provided at theouter ends with 10
means for engaging the hair to assist in retain-.
ing the tubes in position on the head of a person.
or otherwise affect the e?iclency of the heaters
of the machine.
I
7. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a plu- '
I
The tubes l2a are ?exible and extend from the
15 telescoping tubes H and are ?tted on the upper
ends of the same to form air-tight connections
with the said‘ tubes II. ‘The ?exible tubes l2‘!L
may be of any desired length and they permit
the necessary movement or adjustment of 'the
20 scalp cooling tubes to enable the latter to be
arranged on the head of a person ,in the desired
positions with relation to the curling devices,
heating elements and protectors of the machine.
What is claimed is:
_
a
1. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a main
25
air duct’ designed to be mounted on a chair at the
back thereof and composed of telescopingly con
a laterally projecting hook arranged to engage
the hair for limiting longitudinal movement of
the tubes on the scalp.
_ ‘
.
8. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a. plu 20
rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes having ori
?ces for the discharge of air against the scalp
of a person, said tubes being closed at their outer
ends and provided thereat with laterally extend
ing elements secured to the closed ends of the 25
tubes and forming hooks for engaging the hair
of a. person to limit longitudinal movement of the / "
nected upper and lower tubular members provid
tubes.
ing a vertical adjustmentfor the scalp cooling .
9. A ‘scalp cooling appliance comprising a_ main
air\ conduit, a substantially triangular casing 30
30 appliance to compensate for variations in the
height of the head of a person above the back
of the chair, a casing communicating with and
carried by the upper tubular member of the main
air conduit and having an air distributing cham
ber and provided with a, plurality of individual
relatively rigid air distributing members, and a
plurality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes connected
with the said individual air distributing members
and adapted to be arranged against the scalp of a
person and provided with means for discharging
cool air over the scalp.‘
2. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a main
air conduit, a casing communicating with and
carried by the main air conduit and having an
air distributing chamber, a plurality of adjust
able individual air distributing members com
posed of relatively rigid telescopingly connected
tubes permitting individual lengthening and
shortening of the distributing members, and scalp
50 cooling tubes connected with the adjustable air
distributing members and provided with means
for the discharge of air.
3. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu
rality of air delivering scalp cooling tubes adapt
55 ed to be arranged upon the head of a person and
having air discharge ori?ces _and provided with
means projecting from the tubes above the ori
60
rality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes having ori?ces
for the discharge of air against the scalp of a
person, each of said tubes being provided with
'
communicating with said conduit ‘and tapered in '
width downwardly and in. depth upwardly and
provided at the top with a plurality of rigid tubes,
adjustable tubes telescoping into the rigid tubes,
a plurality of ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapt
ed to be arranged upon the head of a person and
provided with means for discharging air against
the scalp, and means for connecting the scalp
cooling device to the adjustable tubes.
.
10. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas 40
ing having an air distributing chamber and pro
vided with a plurality of rigid tubes projecting
from the casing and communicating with/said
chamber, ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapted to
be arranged upon the head of a person and pro
45
vided with means for discharging air ‘against the
scalp and having reduced terminal portions, and
means including ?exible couplings for connecting
the reduced terminals of ‘the scalp cooling tubes
to the tubes of the casing. ‘ '
50
'
' 11. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas
ing having anair distributing chamber and pro
vided with a plurality oi.’ rigid tubes communicat-_
ing with the chamber, adjustable tubes telescop
ingly connected with the rigid tubes, ?exible col 55
lars arranged on the said tubes and forming an
air-tight joint at-the telescoping connections of
?ces for directingagainstthe scalp the air dis
the same, and ?exible scalp cooling tubes adapt
charged fromthe ori?ces.
having means for discharging air against the 60
4. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu
rality of ?exible air delivering scalp cooling tubes
approximately elliptical in cross ‘section and
adapted when placed upon the head of a person
to conform to the con?guration of the scalp and
provided at opposite sides with air discharge ori
?ces, and means for directing the air downward
ly against the scalp, said means consisting of
‘ flaps projecting from the sides of the scalp cool
ing tubes and curved downwardly over the
ori?ces.
'
-
5,. A scalp cooling appliance including a plu
rality of air deliverying scalp cooling tubes de
ed to'be arranged on the head of a person and
scalp, and means for connecting the scalp‘cooling
,tubes to the adjustable tubes.
‘ -
12. A scalp cooling appliance comprising a cas
ing having an air distributing chamber and pro
vided with a plurality of rigid tubes projecting 65
.from the casing and communicating with the
chamber, ?exible air cooling tubes adapted to, be
arranged upon the head of a person and provided ,
with means for discharging air 'over the scalp for
cooling the same, ‘and means including ?exible 70
tubes for connecting the scalp cooling tubes with
the rigid tubes of the casing.
‘
13. A scalp cooling appliance including a '?ex
signed to be arranged upon the head of a person
ible member provided with openings for discharg
and provided at opposite sides with air discharge
ing air therefrom, and means projecting vfrom the
1
1
1.5
. 4
8,1 10,468
member .i'or directing-the air downwardly against sidesthereottodischargeairoverthescalpbe
the scalp to cool the latter.
neath the respective opposite rows 01' heating
.,
devices to cool the scalp inproximity to the heat
14. The combination with a hair cooling ma
chine including hair ~curling devices. spaced rows. ing ‘devices and between and under and beyond
the same during the hair treatment period.
or heating elements provided with protectors lo
cated below the heating elements, oi’ a scalp cool
21. A scalp treating appliance including an
air conduit, a distributing chamber supplied with
ing appliance including a plurality of separate,
?exible, scalp cooling tubes designed tobe ar
air by said conduit, a plurality of ?xed'tubular
members communicating with the distributing
ranged upon the head of a person and eachtube
10 having a discharge outlet, one tube being _ar
. chamber, a plurality of adjustable tubular mem
ranged between opposite heating elements and
their protectors, said scalp cooling tubes being
bers telescoping the ?xed tubular members, and
scalp cooling tubes connected with the adjustable
each provided with overhanging means‘ engage- ' tubular members and adapted to be adjusted by
_ ' able by said protectors to retain the tubes in po
15 sition for discharging air against the scalp for
the telescoping oi the same. _
,
15; A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp
cooling tube of ?exible material having an out
22. A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp
cooling tube adapted to be arranged upon the
head of a person and having openings at opposite
sides for the discharge 0! a' cooling medium, said
let ior the discharge of a cooling medium, and a
scalp cooling tube being ?attened and approxi-.
spring having substantially elliptical coils ar
ranged within the‘scalp cooling tube and main
mately elliptical in cross section to present to the 20
cooling the scalp.
-
_
scalp a relatively broad suriaceand bring the
discharge openings close to the scalp, the sub
stantially elliptical shape or, the tube being
taining the same substantially elliptical in cross
section, whereby the tube when arranged on the
head 0! a person will present a relatively broad
25 surface to the scalp and when used with a hair
treating device will permit the same to be ar
ranged close to the scalp.
adapted, to resist rolling of the same and thereby
maintain the discharge openings in proper posi 25
tion and said'scalp cooling tube having means
for permanently maintaining it in its substan
16. The combination with a hair curling ‘ma- ‘
tially elliptical shape.
chine comprising hair curling devices, and spaced
23. A scalp cooling appliance including a scalp‘
30 rows of heating elements provided with scalp prof, cooling tube adapted to be arranged upon‘ the
tectors, of a scalp cooling appliance including a head of a person and having in a side thereof
plurality of scalp cooling tubes ?exible through
openings for the discharge of a cooling medium,
out their lengths designed to be'arranged upon said scalp cooling tube having at the bottom
the head 01’ a person under the protectors oi’ said»
a broad ?at surface to ?t against the head, 0! a
person to prevent rolling of the tube in use and
35 heating elements and provided with means for
discharging air against the scalp, said tubes be
thereby maintain the discharge openings of the
ing substantially elliptical in cross section- and
retained in place by the said heating elements
and their protectors.
'
17. A scalp cooling appliance including a ?ex- '
ible .scalp cooling tubeadapted to be arranged
upon the head oi‘a person and provided with
means arranged to engage the hair for holding
the scalp cooling tube in place.
45
18. A scalp treating appliance including a hair
treating device, a protector located beneath the
scalp treating device and interposed between the
same and the headeoi a person when in use,
and a scalp cooling tube ‘adapted to be arranged
on the head oi’ a person and substantially ellipti
cal in cross section and extending under the pro
tector and held in place by the same.
55
19. A head cooling appliance including spaced
protectors adapted to be arranged beneath hair
treating devices, and a scalp cooling tube ap-v
proximately elliptical in cross section and pre
senting a ?attened top surface extending beneath
and engaged by said protectors to hold the scalp
cooling tube in place.
'
~
tube in proper position with relation to the scalp
and said scalp cooling tube being provided with
means for permanentlyv maintaining its shape
writh said broad ?at surface at the bottom there
0
.
40
-
24. A scalp cooling appliance including a shal
low scalp cooling tube adapted to be arranged
upon the head .01’ a person and provided in
side of it with openings for the discharge or
cooling medium and having at- the bottom
broad ?at surface to ?t against'the head of
a
a 45
a
a
person and to prevent rolling of the tube and
thereby maintain the discharge openings in prop
er position with relation to the scalp, said tube
having its transverse dimension materially great
er than its vertical dimension thereby providing
a tube of increased capacity without increasing
the height of the tube.
'
.
. 25. vA scalp cooling appliance including a rela
tively long substantially shallow scalp cooling
tube having its transverse dimension at least
twice as great as its vertical dimension to in
I
crease the capacity of the tube 'without increasing
20. The combinationwith a hair cooling ma
its height and to provide a bottom surface to
'00 chine
including hair curling devices and spaced/ prevent-rolling of the tube on a person's scalp
rows of heating devices provided with scalp pro-i and provided in a side with openings for the
tectors, oi’ a cooling appliance including a tube discharge of a cooling medium under pressure
,to be arranged upon the head of a person under from the interior of the tube over the scalp 0!
05 opposite rows of protectors oi’ the heating devices - the person.
05
and e?ectively retained in place by the protectors
and having air discharge openings on opposite
‘
HAROLD W. FERGUSON.
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