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Патент USA US2110594

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March 8, 1938.
2,110,594. ‘
Filed Jan. 17, 1929
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
John Stuart Fleming, Niagara Falls, N.VY., as
signor, by mesne assignments, to Gilman
Fanfold Corporation, a corporation of Dela
Application January 17, 1929, Serial No. 333,184
2 Claims.
(01. 282-29) ‘
This invention relates to ‘improvements in
manifolding devices, and‘ more particularly in
some of its aspects, it relates to improvements in
the construction and arrangement of transfer
5 or carbon sheets for advantageous employment
in the transfer of inscriptions to a plurality of
continuous length record strips or Webs such as
may be used in manifolding work in manifolding .
machines as in the well-known autographic reg
pointed out in the following detailed description
of an illustrative but preferred embodiment of
the invention, and will be in part obvious in con
nection with this description.
,The invention accordingly comprises the fea
The invention embodies an improved form of
tures of construction, combinations of elements
and arrangement of parts, which will be exempli 10
?ed in the construction hereinafter set forth and
unitary transfer-sheet assembly adapted to be
positioned in assembled relation in the machine
dicated in the claims.
ister, tyepwriting machines, billing machines, etc.
with the continuous record strips.
tions of the transfer sheets may be readily sev
ered along the weakened lines thereof.
Other objects-of the invention ‘will be in part
the scope of the application of which will be in
For a more complete understanding of the na
ture, objects and advantages of the invention, 15
It is the general object of the invention to pro
vide a transfer sheet, or transfer sheet assembly,
of the class mentioned, and being of improved
reference is had to the following detailed de
scription and to the accompanying drawing, in
form whereby especially long life is attained, -
while maintaining its ability to transfer inscrip
tions which are clear, legible and otherwise satis
Another object is to provide an improved
transfer sheet arrangement wherein different
and less depleted areas of the sheets may be
25 readily brought into transfer relation with defi
nite predetermined parts of the record strips or
forms therein, replacing areas that have become
worn or depleted by usage, thereby making it pos
Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view of
a manifolding assembly embodying the invention, 20
Fig. 2 is an elevation on a ‘larger scale of the
improved carbon pack, parts being torn away to
improve the disclosure.
In billing and in similar classes of manifolding 25
work as carried out in typewriting and billing
machines, or in other types of manifolding ma
chines, the writing is not ordinarily done in solid
sible to utilize a very large extent of the total . blocks or sections of the record strips or work
30 transfer surface, thus to prolong-the life of the
transfer sheets. In other words, an object is to
vprovide an improved manifolding assembly
whereby relative longitudinal adjustments may
be made in a de?nite and certain manner be
35 tween the record strips and transfer sheets, so
as to distribute for use in a sure and methodical
manner the impression transmitting areas", thus
to utilize as much of said areas as possible,
A further object is to provide in a manifolding
40 device of the class mentioned an improved ar
rangement including index means cooperating
between the transfer sheets and the record strips
or webs, to indicate relative shifting movement
therebetween from one transfer position to an
other, whereby it can readily be ascertained when
new transfer areas are brought into position to
replace depleted portions thereof. _‘
Still another object of the invention is to pro
in a manifolding device of the class men
tioned, an improved arrangement including
weakened severance lines in the superposed
transfer sheets, whereby, when the sheets and
record strips are relatively shifted in line-spacing
direction‘, forwardly extending or depleted por
webs. As an example of this, it will be readily 30
understood that the heading of the bill has sep
arated areas for the reception of the date, for
the‘ name and address, and often for other data,
while the body of the bill is usually somewhat
separated from these areas. Also, the ?rst lines 35
of the body will ordinarily be used more than
the later lines, because the bills vary in length.
After’ a considerable number of bills have been
written with the transfer sheets in one certain
position relative to the‘bill forms, the areas men 40
tioned will become depleted and unsuitable»for‘
further use, while other areas of the transfer
sheets will be used not at all, or perhaps very
little. It is, therefore, very desirable to relatively
shift the carbon sheets and record strips ‘to bring 45
these unused portions of the former into writing
position. This invention provides a very simple
arrangement, always available for use and simple
in operation, whereby this desirable result can be
accomplished with accuracy and certainty. A 50
larger percentage of the total carbon area is thus
available for use, the life of the carbon sheets is
prolonged, and economies effected.
Referring to the drawing for a detailed dis
closure of the invention, an illustrative but pre 55
ferred embodiment thereof is shown as utilized
in connection with a typewriting machine of the
cylindrical platen to conform freely thereto.
rotary platen type having a rotatable platen _5
This permits the transfer sheets and work webs to
lie in intimate contact with each other so as to
which may be mounted in any preferred or‘ known
permit entry- of full and satisfactory impressions
manner uponv the machine.
It may be mounted on a platen carriage of a
well-known type which isvfed in a step-by-step
on all of the work webs.
motion to effect line-spacing. The platen may
be rotatably mounted upon the carriageby means
10 of a shaft 6 preferably having a knob whereby
the platen may be turned by hand in either di
rection to effect feeding‘movement of the work
webs in line-spacing direction.
It will be understood that the showing of the
15 typewriting machine in the drawing is diagram
. matical to a large extent and is intended to be
illustrative of one type of machine to which the
invention may be applied. It will be understood
that different applications of the invention may
20 also be made.
2 The usual gripping rolls 1 may be provided for
holding and pressing the work webs against the
platen in a familiar manner. A type bar 8 is
shown in a position at which it is about to con
25 tact with the face of the outer or original work
web in order to impress a character thereon. It ’
will be understood that the platen may be man
ually rotated backwardly or forwardly so as to
adjust the paper carried thereby in line spacing
30 direction relatively to the line of contact of the
This transfer sheet unit or carbon block l3
may‘ contain as many transfer sheets 14 as de
sired for’ the particular work in hand, these
sheets being arranged in relatively superposed or
overlapping relation and provided on one side 10
thereof with carbon or similar transfer mate
rial l5.
Each carbon sheet H! has a portion extending
laterally at opposite sides beyond the active trans
fer portions thereof, which may be in the form 15
of extensions or tabs I6 preferably positioned
near the following or rear end I‘! of the carbon
block. By means of these extensions, the transfer
sheets are attached together to form the carbon
unit. The attachments I8 for this purpose may 20
be of any. preferred form, but should be ?exible
longitudinally in order that the carbon unit may
pass freely over and conform (to the cylindrical
platen surface. As shown, this attachment may
be formed by stitching of textile threads, which
is found quite satisfactory for this purpose, or
the sheets may be pasted together, or both stitch
ing and pasting may be employed.
The carbon sheets are preferably free from each
other except for the attachments 18, whereby
type bar. Also, as above suggested, the letter they may be laterally separated slightly to re
spacing may be e?ected by movement of the._ ceive the work webs, Being thus free, the for
platen carriage. As shown, a~web supporting ward and rear ends of the'carbon sheets may be
‘ plate or table 9 may be carried by the machine
35 for supporting the work webs as they approach
the platen.
The work webs or record strips 10 as shown are
moved apart slightly so as to provide passageways
into which the work webs may be threaded. At 35
the rear end IT, for example, the adjacent car
bon sheets are unattached to each other inside
of the ‘long continuous traveling form, each hav ,‘the attachments 18, thus permitting free passage
ing a series of appropriate blank forms ii for
of the work webs.
The rear ends of the carbon
accommodating the particular transaction being‘ sheets at the rear end I‘! of the carbon pack 40
maybe arranged in successively overlapped rela
recorded. These work webs are arranged in rela
tively superposed relation and the blank forms tion as indicated at I9 in Fig. 2. That is, the
of the respective superposed webs will be ar
ranged so'as to align and register with each other
45 in manifolding- relation. JEach of these traveler
webs is preferably provided with weakened trans
verse lines I! positioned between the successive
blank forms and arranged to align in superposed
relation with each other when the blank forms
50 are in alignment.
All of the work webs may
therefore,'be severed together at a single opera
tion along the aligned weakened lines. The work
webs may be led forwardly to the platen from
rear ends or edges IQ of the sheets, terminate
progressively at different points. This overlapped
relation facilitates the threading of the work 45
webs into position between the carbon sheets.
‘Also these rear edges l9 of the carbon sheets
may,/if desired, be reinforced as, for example, by
folding each carbon sheet backwardly upon itself,
thus providing a double thickness of material at 50
the edges.
As clearly seen in Fig. 1,‘ the work webs may
thus be threaded, respectively, between the adja
a suitable supply source such, for example, as _ cent carbon sheets and positioned in overlapping
a. zigzag folded supply pack which may be housed ' manifolding relation therewith. In this manner 55
or supported in any desired manner by .or adja
a carbon sheet may be positioned between each
cent to the machine.
relatively overlying work web and the next suc
It. is an important object of this invention to ceeding underlying work web, so that inscriptions
'- provide a transfer sheet arrangement whereby or impressions may be simultaneously made on
all of the work webs. It will be seen, further
60 the transfer sheets are retained in transfer rela
tion with the work webs, and at the same time 'more, that the work webs will thus be threaded
‘ they may be relatively shifted with reference to
the blank forms of the webs 'so as to bring different
portions of the transfer sheets into manifolding'
position with reference ‘to certain particular parts
of the blank forms. To this end an assemblage
l3 of transfer sheets is provided, a form of which
is shown in Figure 2, wherein the sheets are at-'
tached together in relatively superposed relation
70 to form a transfer unit‘or carbon block. This
carbon block'is very ?exible throughout its ex
tent, being made up of carbon sheets preferably
of thin, ?exible material.
The carbon block is thus adapted to pass with
the work webs .around the curved surface of a
between the attachments I 8 which are so laterally
spaced as to .lie beyond the edges of the work
webs. These attachments may, as shown, be
somewhat elongated, thus providing, in e?ect a
guiding sleeve through‘ which each work web
passes, thus tending to retain the carbon sheets
in correct position with relation‘ to the webs.
At one side the carbon pack I3 is provided with
a checking leaf 20 which may be appropriately 70
attached to the pack. ‘In the embodiment shown,
this checking leaf “2!! forms an extension of the
carbon sheet l4. The leaf 20 may be of different
dimensions than the carbon sheets H, but it is
preferably of the same size as the latter in both 75
length and breadth, as shown. ,It is preferably
of the same or similar‘quality of thin paper and
preferably, as shown, forms an integral extension
closed. This forms two sets of weakened lines
for the transfer pack, and the lines of each set
are in relatively superposed arrangement and
aligned with each other, whereby all the sheets
may be simultaneously severed on either set of
lines and the narrow strips or sheet sections
formed by, the excess ends of the transfer .sheets
thus removed. Certain of theseverance or index
lines, as lines 22, may, as shown, by formed with
laterally deflected or bowed portions 22'. These 10
deviating portions 22’, as shown in Fig. 2, are
of the adjacent carbon sheet. ,This checking
sheet may, if'desired, be provided on its inner
face with transfer material IE, ‘or it may be un
provided with such material. Sometimes it may
be found desirable to insert an additional de
tached record sheet underneath this checking
10 sheet during typing, in which case the inscrip
tions will be transferred thereto by the transler
/ formed in each line of the superposed sets so that
material carried by said checking sheet.
At their forward ends, each of the transfer allportions of the lines of each set are in super—
sheets i4 is formedwith a cutaway-portion or posed registry, thus facilitating group severance
notch 2i, the notches in all of the sheets being of the transfer sheet. Also, these de?ected parts
aligned and in registering relation'with each 22', deviate inwardly from a straight lineat parts
other. When the forward ends of the work web thereof in longitudinal alignment with ‘the
and transfer sheets are aligned as shown in Fig. 1, notches 2i. Therefore, when the transfer sheets
said webs will be exposed through the notches are severed, notches similar to the notches 2i
2| which thus form grasping openings through and for a similar purpose, will be formed at the
which all the webs may be simultaneously grasped new forward ends' of the sheets.
and pulled forwardly independently of the trans
fer sheets, or- otherwise manipulated.
In cases
where the checking sheet 20 extends forwardly as
_ The weakened lines 23 in the several transfer
sheets may be straight as shown but they are
relatively superposed and aligned, as are the
lines 22 described. ,They are also preferably of
25 far as the carbon sheets it, it may also be pro
vided with a notch 2i aligned with the notches “the same type of construction as above outlined,
2! of the carbon sets and ‘utilized for a similar so as to avoid any impairment to the transfer
ring operation. Either one or more sets of lines
22 or ‘one or more sets of lines 23 may be used ‘
One or more of the transfer sheets if is pro
alone, or, both sets 22 and 23 may be employed 30
30 vided with one or a plurality of transversely ex
together in the same carbon pack in a manner
tending lines 22 forming marksjor indices co
operating with certain marks or lines of the “similar to that shown in the drawing. Any of
work web as, for example, with the transverse
perforated lines it. By means of these cooper
ating lines; the relative longitudinal positioning
between the work web and carbon sets is indi
these suggested arrangements and other similar
equivalent arrangements are intended to be com
prehended within the scope of the invention.
The length of the carbon pa’ck, that is, the
effective or active length of the transfer sheets,
cated, and it can thus ‘be determined what par
ticular portions of the transfer areas are brought ,may, if desired, be made slightly greater than the
into transfer alignment with’ certain parts of the, forms it of the work web. Thus, when the for
40 blank forms of the Work web. In the vembodi > ward ends of the transfer sheets are severed 4%
along the weakened lines and the transfer sheets
ment shown, each of said transfer sheets is pro
vided with longitudinally spaced lines 22 for the are 'adjusted'forwardly relative to the work web,
purpose mentioned; also another longitudinally there may be su?icient length of transfer surface
spaced line 23 may, in some cases, be provided. to cover the entire length of the blank forms.
In order to check the forward advance of the 45
45 All of these lines 22 and 23 extend transversely
carbon pack when ‘the work webs are forwardly
of the transfer sheets. .
The lines 22 are preferably formed byvweak— fed, a check member ft‘may be carried by the
ening the material of the transfer sheets so as to machine in any convenient manner. This check form transverse severance lines upon which the
member in the forni of machine illustrated is
sheets may readily be severed as by exerting a
tearing action thereon, or by pulling across a‘
corner or tearing bar. These weakened lines
may be formed for example by perforating, or
at the ,delivery side of the platen beyond the
gripping surface thereof. This check member,
carried by the platen carriage and is positioned 50
as shown, is preferably in the form of av thin,
partially‘separating the paper along these lines. ?exible, metallic blade, extending longitudinally
55 The lines of partial separation are preferably - of theplaten, preferably formed at its lower or 55
formed so as to avoid removal of the transfer checking edge, thinner than the body of the‘ blade,
material from the transfer faces of the. sheets ‘so as to engage in the fold or point of attachment
between the checking leaf 20 and the adjacent
thus to avoid interference with the transfer func
- tion during the writing operation. Thus narrow, carbon sheet 14. The checkingv blade, therefore,
60 velongated, aligned portions of the paper may be occupies very little space.
offset slightly from the general plane, so as‘to ’ A retaining bar 25 iscarried in any convenient
partially separate the ?bres without actually manner by the platen carriage, extending sub-.
removing any of the paper." Therefore, none of ‘stantially parallel to the checking blade 24 and
the transfer material is removed or rendered in- ‘ spaced slightly from the latter. This retaining
effective, and the ability to transfer inscription is bar is adapted to retain the outermost record
in no way impaired while at the same time the strip l0 and also the checking sheet 20 closely
paper is sufficiently weakened along these lines I alongside the checking blade 24. In practice, it
to permit ready severance as mentioned. It will ' is preferable to attach the checking blade 24
be understood that the structure of the transverse to the retaining bar 25, the latter thus providing
weakened lines 23 will also be similar in this a support'for the former. I
Each of the superposed transfer sheets I4- is
The operation of the improved manifolding’de
vice will now be clear from the above detailed
provided with as many longitudinallyl spaced
disclosure and may be summarized as follows:
weakened lines 22 as desired, two such lines be
ing shown in each sheet in the embodiment dis
As mentioned, the carbon pack I3 is assembled
with the work webs III by threading the latter be 75
tween adjacent carbon sheets, one web being po
sitioned between each pair of adjacent carbon
will be less' used or may not be used at all, as will
sheets so that each underlying web is positioned
be readily understood. For example, certain parts
through'repeated use thereof, while other areas
for receiving transfer inscriptions when the orig- ~ of the heading of bill forms, such as the name
inal record is written upon the top web. The
and address, and also the first lines of the body
original work web will overlie the others and
the transfer sheets, whilethe bottom web may
be positioned outside of the lowermost transfer
sheet, as clearly appears in Figure 1. The inter
10 mediate work webs, however, will be threaded
between respective adjacent carbon sheets, and
between the attachments I8 thereof, whereby
the carbon pack I3 is retained in position with
reference to the work webs and may be adjusted
15 to different positions thereon by sliding the car
bon pack along the webs, or by moving the webs
with relation to the carbon pack.
When thus assembled, with the forward ends
of the work webs and transfer sheets substan
20 tially aligned with each other, the assembly may
be passed from the rear between the platen 5 and
the ‘pressure rollers ‘I. Forward rotation of the
platen will now carry the assembled work webs
and carbon sheets into writing position upon the
25 platen. When the free ends of the paper reach
the checking blade 24, the outer or original work
web, together with the checking sheet 20, will
be passed between the checking blade 26 and the
retaining bar 25, while the ‘remaining sheets and
30 webs will be positioned upon the opposite side
of the checking blade.
Typing to fill in the desired spaces of the blank
forms will now be effected and the line spacing,
as the typing progresses, will be accomplished by
turning the platen forwardly in the usual man
ner,,thus carrying the assembled webs and car
bon pack forwardly as a unit. When the writing
is completed the platen will be turned forwardly
of the bill form, will be used more than other
parts of the forms, and the corresponding or
registering parts of the transfer sheets will thus
become depleted sooner than other parts.
It is desirable, therefore, to bring fresh parts 10
of the transfer sheets into position to replace the
depleted parts. This may be done with the ar
rangement herein disclosed in a very simple man
ner without entirely replacing the carbon pack
by a fresh one. In order to accomplish this, the 15
work webs [0, when moved forwardly relatively
to the carbon sheets H, as above described, may
be adjusted so that the weakened lines l2 thereof
come into alignment with the outer set of weak
ened lines 22 of the carbon’sheets. The webs and 20
sheets will be retained in this relative position
and the lines l2 and 22 will thus function as in
dex marks or indices to indicate the relative posi
tioning. When thus positioned it will be seen that
different portions of the carbon sheets will be‘ 25
brought into transfer relation with the work webs
to replace the depleted portions of the carbon
sheets. These depleted portions of the carbon
sheets will then be relatively moved forwardly
beyond the respective typing areas and thus not 30
brought into use in the manifolding-opera?on.
The result is that clear, legible transfer impres
sions will be made and economies effected in the
use of the carbon sheets.
When the weakened index lines l2 are brought 35
into registry with the index lines 22, as just de
scribed, the work webs may then be severed along
the lines l2, thus leaving the ends of the carbon1
to bring the carbon pack substantially to the sheets projecting slightly beyond the adjacent
position as shown in Figure 1. In this position
ends of the work webs. These projecting ends 40
the carbon sheets are entirely freed and released
may then be severed along the weakened lines
from the grip of the platen, permitting free rela
tive, longitudinal movement between the carbon 22, if desired, thus again evening the ends of the
' webs and carbon sheets; or time may be saved
sheets and work webs.
by severing both the outer ends of the carbon
At this point, also, as shown in Fig. 1, the sheets and the inscribed work webs together at 45
checking blade 24 will engage the loop or turn
at the rear end of the checking sheet 20 to check the same time when the lines l2 and 22 are
brought into alignment with each other as de
further advance of the carbon pack. This check
The result is the same in either case and
ing is su?icient to arrest further advance of the
carbon pack under frictional engagement with the fresh or unused portions of the carbon sheets
the advancing work webs, but a positive stop is will be brought into relative position to replace
the depleted portions in, the typing operation.
not provided due to the nature of the engage
When the weakened lines 22 are provided with
ment between the checking blade and the check
the deviating or bowed portions 22', severance
ing leaf.
55 ' Continued forward turning of the platen will of the ends of the transfer sheets, as described,
now advance the webs relatively to the carbon does not interfere with the exposing of the work
pack, or .the webs may be grasped through the webs for grasping independently of the carbon
grasping notches 2| and pulled forwardly, while sheets, as new notches or cut-away portions will
the carbon pack remains stationary in its checked thus be formed. Also, it will be understood that
the second set of weakened lines 22 may be ma 60
position. The Work webs are. thus moved for
wardly far enough to \wholl'y expose the blank nipulated in exactly the same manner as the ?rst
forms thereof beyond the ends of the carbon
sheets, thus bringing" fresh blank forms! into
manifolding relation with the carbon sheets.
The inscribed webs may now be severed in any
desired manner ' along the weakened lines
thereof. Reverse rotation of the platen will now
move the assembled work webs and carbon sheets
set, thus enabling additional unused areas of the
carbon sheets to be brought into transfer posi
tions. .Also, it will be understood that the sets of
weakened lines 23 may be manipulated in a- simi
lar manner. The line 23 being straight may be 65
more readily severed at one operation with the
work webs, it being understood that the lines 23
rearwardly from the position shown in Figure 1 will be brought into registry with the lines l2 in av
70 until the desired parts of the blank forms are manner similar to that above described.
Since certain changes may be made in the
again positioned on the writing line. Typing is
above construction and different embodiments
then continued to ?ll in the new blank forms.
After a considerable number of blank forms of the invention could be made without departing
have thus‘been typed, as just described, certain from the scope thereof, it is intended that all
75 parts of the transfer sheets will become depleted ‘matter contained in the above description or 75
shown in- the accompanying drawing shall be
interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting
Having described my invention what I claim
as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent,
gitudinally of the assembly from other parts of
the same lines and with reference to the longitu
dinally aligned parts of the record strip severance
lines, said rearwardly de?ected parts 'of the
severance lines being rearwardly spaced from the
rear edges of said selective grip notches so as to I 4 ,
1. A manifolding assembly including in com-'
bination, a plurality of continuous relatively su
perposed traveler record strips each having
10 transverse severance lines longitudinally spaced
at sheet length intervals therealong so as to pro
vide a plurality of form sheets arranged end to
end and each having a blank form, a plurality
of transfer sheets interleaved in transfer rela
15 tion with said record strips and being relatively
short as compared with said record strips so as
to be capable of assuming di?erent transfer posi
tions along the record strips and to transfer in
scriptions to the different form sheets thereof,
20 attaching means positioned outside of the record
strips and attaching said transfer sheets together
to form a transfer .unit of attached transfer
leaves, which is relatively longitudinally adjust
able into different transfer positions along the
25 record strips, at least one‘transverse weakened
severance line- on each of said transfer sheets
form, upon severance of the transfer sheets along
the weakened severance lines thereof, selective
grip notches positioned similarly to said first‘
mentioned grip notches, through which the adja-‘ 10
cent forward edge portions of the record strips
may be selectively gripped.‘
2. A manifolding device including in combina
tion, a plurality of relatively superposed transfer
sheets having attachments with each other so 15
as to form a transfer pack, said pack being ?exi
ble throughout its length, said attachments of
the transfer sheets being spaced apart laterally
of the pack providing one or more
between the sheets to permit threading ‘of one 20
or more record strips between the transfer sheets
in transfer relation therewith, the advance end
portions of said transfer sheets having selective
grip notches opening through the forward sheet
edges and aligned depthwise of the pack, through 25
which the forward end portions of the record
extending substantially from edge to edge there
strips may be selectively gripped, at least one
stantially aligned depthwise of the assembly and
said transfer sheets extending substantially from
edge to edge thereof, said severance lines being
substantially aligned depthwise of the transfer
of, said transfer sheet severance lines being sub- \ transverse weakened severance line on each of
30 spaced short distances rearwardly from the for
ward edges of the sheets to form narrow severable
transfer strips or sections at the forward end‘ pack and spaced short distances rearwardly from
portions of the transfer sheets, each of said the forwardedges of the sheets so ‘as to form
transfer sheets being longer than the forms. of
the recordstrip form sheets and of su?icient
length to cover the forms for transfer inscription
thereto after severance of the said narrow sever
able transfer sections therefrom, said transfer
sheets having selective grip notches opening
narrow severable transfer sections at the forward
end portion of the pack, and each of said sever
ance lines, at parts thereof longitudinally aligned
with said selective grip notches, having a part.
thereof rearwardly de?ected longitudinally of
the pack and rearwardly spaced from the rear
ward extremities of said notches so as to form, 40
40 through their forward edges and aligned with - upon severance along said weakened severance
each other depthwise of the ‘assembly, through
which the adjacent edge portions of the record
strips may be selectively gripped, and each of
said transfer sheet severance. lines, at parts there
45 of longitudinally aligned with said selective grip
notches, having parts rearwardly deflected lon
lines, selective grip notches positioned similarly
to said ?rst mentioned grip notches, through
which the adjacent forward edge portions of the
record strips may be selectively gripped.
M .
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