Патент USA US2110594код для вставки
March 8, 1938. > J. S.'FLE.MING r‘ 2,110,594. ‘ MANIFOLDING DEVICE Filed Jan. 17, 1929 ' v - - ‘ nvmvron. Md ' ' av MW A TTORNEYS. 2,110,594 Patented Mar. 8, 1938 PATENT OFFICE ‘ UNITED STATES I 2,110,594 MANIFOLDING DEVICE John Stuart Fleming, Niagara Falls, N.VY., as signor, by mesne assignments, to Gilman Fanfold Corporation, a corporation of Dela ware Application January 17, 1929, Serial No. 333,184 2 Claims. (01. 282-29) ‘ This invention relates to ‘improvements in manifolding devices, and‘ more particularly in some of its aspects, it relates to improvements in the construction and arrangement of transfer 5 or carbon sheets for advantageous employment in the transfer of inscriptions to a plurality of continuous length record strips or Webs such as may be used in manifolding work in manifolding . machines as in the well-known autographic reg I pointed out in the following detailed description of an illustrative but preferred embodiment of the invention, and will be in part obvious in con nection with this description. ,The invention accordingly comprises the fea The invention embodies an improved form of tures of construction, combinations of elements and arrangement of parts, which will be exempli 10 ?ed in the construction hereinafter set forth and unitary transfer-sheet assembly adapted to be positioned in assembled relation in the machine dicated in the claims. ister, tyepwriting machines, billing machines, etc. with the continuous record strips. .15 tions of the transfer sheets may be readily sev ered along the weakened lines thereof. Other objects-of the invention ‘will be in part the scope of the application of which will be in ' ‘ For a more complete understanding of the na ture, objects and advantages of the invention, 15 It is the general object of the invention to pro vide a transfer sheet, or transfer sheet assembly, of the class mentioned, and being of improved reference is had to the following detailed de scription and to the accompanying drawing, in form whereby especially long life is attained, - which: while maintaining its ability to transfer inscrip tions which are clear, legible and otherwise satis factory. Another object is to provide an improved transfer sheet arrangement wherein different and less depleted areas of the sheets may be 25 readily brought into transfer relation with defi nite predetermined parts of the record strips or forms therein, replacing areas that have become worn or depleted by usage, thereby making it pos , Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view of a manifolding assembly embodying the invention, 20 and Fig. 2 is an elevation on a ‘larger scale of the improved carbon pack, parts being torn away to improve the disclosure. In billing and in similar classes of manifolding 25 work as carried out in typewriting and billing machines, or in other types of manifolding ma chines, the writing is not ordinarily done in solid sible to utilize a very large extent of the total . blocks or sections of the record strips or work 30 transfer surface, thus to prolong-the life of the transfer sheets. In other words, an object is to vprovide an improved manifolding assembly whereby relative longitudinal adjustments may be made in a de?nite and certain manner be 35 tween the record strips and transfer sheets, so as to distribute for use in a sure and methodical manner the impression transmitting areas", thus to utilize as much of said areas as possible, ‘ A further object is to provide in a manifolding 40 device of the class mentioned an improved ar rangement including index means cooperating between the transfer sheets and the record strips or webs, to indicate relative shifting movement 4 therebetween from one transfer position to an other, whereby it can readily be ascertained when new transfer areas are brought into position to replace depleted portions thereof. _‘ Still another object of the invention is to pro vide in a manifolding device of the class men 50 tioned, an improved arrangement including weakened severance lines in the superposed transfer sheets, whereby, when the sheets and record strips are relatively shifted in line-spacing 55 direction‘, forwardly extending or depleted por webs. As an example of this, it will be readily 30 understood that the heading of the bill has sep arated areas for the reception of the date, for the‘ name and address, and often for other data, while the body of the bill is usually somewhat separated from these areas. Also, the ?rst lines 35 of the body will ordinarily be used more than the later lines, because the bills vary in length. After’ a considerable number of bills have been written with the transfer sheets in one certain position relative to the‘bill forms, the areas men 40 tioned will become depleted and unsuitable»for‘ further use, while other areas of the transfer sheets will be used not at all, or perhaps very little. It is, therefore, very desirable to relatively shift the carbon sheets and record strips ‘to bring 45 these unused portions of the former into writing position. This invention provides a very simple arrangement, always available for use and simple in operation, whereby this desirable result can be accomplished with accuracy and certainty. A 50 larger percentage of the total carbon area is thus available for use, the life of the carbon sheets is prolonged, and economies effected. Referring to the drawing for a detailed dis closure of the invention, an illustrative but pre 55 2,110,594 ferred embodiment thereof is shown as utilized in connection with a typewriting machine of the cylindrical platen to conform freely thereto. rotary platen type having a rotatable platen _5 This permits the transfer sheets and work webs to lie in intimate contact with each other so as to which may be mounted in any preferred or‘ known permit entry- of full and satisfactory impressions manner uponv the machine. It may be mounted on a platen carriage of a well-known type which isvfed in a step-by-step on all of the work webs. motion to effect line-spacing. The platen may be rotatably mounted upon the carriageby means 10 of a shaft 6 preferably having a knob whereby the platen may be turned by hand in either di rection to effect feeding‘movement of the work webs in line-spacing direction. - It will be understood that the showing of the 15 typewriting machine in the drawing is diagram . matical to a large extent and is intended to be illustrative of one type of machine to which the invention may be applied. It will be understood that different applications of the invention may 20 also be made. ’ 2 The usual gripping rolls 1 may be provided for holding and pressing the work webs against the platen in a familiar manner. A type bar 8 is shown in a position at which it is about to con 25 tact with the face of the outer or original work web in order to impress a character thereon. It ’ will be understood that the platen may be man ually rotated backwardly or forwardly so as to adjust the paper carried thereby in line spacing 30 direction relatively to the line of contact of the - This transfer sheet unit or carbon block l3 may‘ contain as many transfer sheets 14 as de sired for’ the particular work in hand, these sheets being arranged in relatively superposed or overlapping relation and provided on one side 10 thereof with carbon or similar transfer mate rial l5. ' Each carbon sheet H! has a portion extending laterally at opposite sides beyond the active trans fer portions thereof, which may be in the form 15 of extensions or tabs I6 preferably positioned near the following or rear end I‘! of the carbon block. By means of these extensions, the transfer sheets are attached together to form the carbon unit. The attachments I8 for this purpose may 20 be of any. preferred form, but should be ?exible longitudinally in order that the carbon unit may pass freely over and conform (to the cylindrical platen surface. As shown, this attachment may be formed by stitching of textile threads, which is found quite satisfactory for this purpose, or the sheets may be pasted together, or both stitch ing and pasting may be employed. The carbon sheets are preferably free from each other except for the attachments 18, whereby type bar. Also, as above suggested, the letter they may be laterally separated slightly to re spacing may be e?ected by movement of the._ ceive the work webs, Being thus free, the for platen carriage. As shown, a~web supporting ward and rear ends of the'carbon sheets may be ‘ plate or table 9 may be carried by the machine 35 for supporting the work webs as they approach the platen. = The work webs or record strips 10 as shown are 30 moved apart slightly so as to provide passageways into which the work webs may be threaded. At 35 the rear end IT, for example, the adjacent car bon sheets are unattached to each other inside of the ‘long continuous traveling form, each hav ,‘the attachments 18, thus permitting free passage ing a series of appropriate blank forms ii for 40 of the work webs. The rear ends of the carbon accommodating the particular transaction being‘ sheets at the rear end I‘! of the carbon pack 40 maybe arranged in successively overlapped rela recorded. These work webs are arranged in rela tively superposed relation and the blank forms tion as indicated at I9 in Fig. 2. That is, the of the respective superposed webs will be ar ranged so'as to align and register with each other 45 in manifolding- relation. JEach of these traveler webs is preferably provided with weakened trans verse lines I! positioned between the successive blank forms and arranged to align in superposed relation with each other when the blank forms 50 are in alignment. All of the work webs may therefore,'be severed together at a single opera tion along the aligned weakened lines. The work webs may be led forwardly to the platen from rear ends or edges IQ of the sheets, terminate progressively at different points. This overlapped relation facilitates the threading of the work 45 webs into position between the carbon sheets. ‘Also these rear edges l9 of the carbon sheets may,/if desired, be reinforced as, for example, by folding each carbon sheet backwardly upon itself, thus providing a double thickness of material at 50 the edges. “' I Y ' As clearly seen in Fig. 1,‘ the work webs may thus be threaded, respectively, between the adja a suitable supply source such, for example, as _ cent carbon sheets and positioned in overlapping a. zigzag folded supply pack which may be housed ' manifolding relation therewith. In this manner 55 or supported in any desired manner by .or adja a carbon sheet may be positioned between each cent to the machine. relatively overlying work web and the next suc It. is an important object of this invention to ceeding underlying work web, so that inscriptions '- provide a transfer sheet arrangement whereby or impressions may be simultaneously made on all of the work webs. It will be seen, further 60 the transfer sheets are retained in transfer rela tion with the work webs, and at the same time 'more, that the work webs will thus be threaded ‘ they may be relatively shifted with reference to the blank forms of the webs 'so as to bring different portions of the transfer sheets into manifolding' position with reference ‘to certain particular parts of the blank forms. To this end an assemblage l3 of transfer sheets is provided, a form of which is shown in Figure 2, wherein the sheets are at-' tached together in relatively superposed relation 70 to form a transfer unit‘or carbon block. This carbon block'is very ?exible throughout its ex tent, being made up of carbon sheets preferably of thin, ?exible material. The carbon block is thus adapted to pass with the work webs .around the curved surface of a between the attachments I 8 which are so laterally spaced as to .lie beyond the edges of the work webs. These attachments may, as shown, be somewhat elongated, thus providing, in e?ect a guiding sleeve through‘ which each work web passes, thus tending to retain the carbon sheets in correct position with relation‘ to the webs. At one side the carbon pack I3 is provided with a checking leaf 20 which may be appropriately 70 attached to the pack. ‘In the embodiment shown, this checking leaf “2!! forms an extension of the carbon sheet l4. The leaf 20 may be of different dimensions than the carbon sheets H, but it is preferably of the same size as the latter in both 75 2,110,594 length and breadth, as shown. ,It is preferably of the same or similar‘quality of thin paper and preferably, as shown, forms an integral extension 3 closed. This forms two sets of weakened lines for the transfer pack, and the lines of each set are in relatively superposed arrangement and aligned with each other, whereby all the sheets may be simultaneously severed on either set of lines and the narrow strips or sheet sections formed by, the excess ends of the transfer .sheets thus removed. Certain of theseverance or index lines, as lines 22, may, as shown, by formed with laterally deflected or bowed portions 22'. These 10 deviating portions 22’, as shown in Fig. 2, are of the adjacent carbon sheet. ,This checking sheet may, if'desired, be provided on its inner face with transfer material IE, ‘or it may be un provided with such material. Sometimes it may be found desirable to insert an additional de tached record sheet underneath this checking 10 sheet during typing, in which case the inscrip tions will be transferred thereto by the transler / formed in each line of the superposed sets so that material carried by said checking sheet. At their forward ends, each of the transfer allportions of the lines of each set are in super— sheets i4 is formedwith a cutaway-portion or posed registry, thus facilitating group severance notch 2i, the notches in all of the sheets being of the transfer sheet. Also, these de?ected parts aligned and in registering relation'with each 22', deviate inwardly from a straight lineat parts other. When the forward ends of the work web thereof in longitudinal alignment with ‘the and transfer sheets are aligned as shown in Fig. 1, notches 2i. Therefore, when the transfer sheets said webs will be exposed through the notches are severed, notches similar to the notches 2i 2| which thus form grasping openings through and for a similar purpose, will be formed at the which all the webs may be simultaneously grasped new forward ends' of the sheets. and pulled forwardly independently of the trans fer sheets, or- otherwise manipulated. In cases where the checking sheet 20 extends forwardly as _ The weakened lines 23 in the several transfer sheets may be straight as shown but they are relatively superposed and aligned, as are the lines 22 described. ,They are also preferably of 25 far as the carbon sheets it, it may also be pro vided with a notch 2i aligned with the notches “the same type of construction as above outlined, 2! of the carbon sets and ‘utilized for a similar so as to avoid any impairment to the transfer ring operation. Either one or more sets of lines purpose. 22 or ‘one or more sets of lines 23 may be used ‘ One or more of the transfer sheets if is pro alone, or, both sets 22 and 23 may be employed 30 30 vided with one or a plurality of transversely ex together in the same carbon pack in a manner tending lines 22 forming marksjor indices co operating with certain marks or lines of the “similar to that shown in the drawing. Any of work web as, for example, with the transverse perforated lines it. By means of these cooper ating lines; the relative longitudinal positioning between the work web and carbon sets is indi these suggested arrangements and other similar equivalent arrangements are intended to be com prehended within the scope of the invention. 35 The length of the carbon pa’ck, that is, the effective or active length of the transfer sheets, cated, and it can thus ‘be determined what par ticular portions of the transfer areas are brought ,may, if desired, be made slightly greater than the into transfer alignment with’ certain parts of the, forms it of the work web. Thus, when the for 40 blank forms of the Work web. In the vembodi > ward ends of the transfer sheets are severed 4% along the weakened lines and the transfer sheets ment shown, each of said transfer sheets is pro vided with longitudinally spaced lines 22 for the are 'adjusted'forwardly relative to the work web, purpose mentioned; also another longitudinally there may be su?icient length of transfer surface spaced line 23 may, in some cases, be provided. to cover the entire length of the blank forms. In order to check the forward advance of the 45 45 All of these lines 22 and 23 extend transversely carbon pack when ‘the work webs are forwardly of the transfer sheets. . The lines 22 are preferably formed byvweak— fed, a check member ft‘may be carried by the ening the material of the transfer sheets so as to machine in any convenient manner. This check form transverse severance lines upon which the member in the forni of machine illustrated is sheets may readily be severed as by exerting a tearing action thereon, or by pulling across a‘ corner or tearing bar. These weakened lines may be formed for example by perforating, or at the ,delivery side of the platen beyond the gripping surface thereof. This check member, carried by the platen carriage and is positioned 50 as shown, is preferably in the form of av thin, partially‘separating the paper along these lines. ?exible, metallic blade, extending longitudinally 55 The lines of partial separation are preferably - of theplaten, preferably formed at its lower or 55 formed so as to avoid removal of the transfer checking edge, thinner than the body of the‘ blade, material from the transfer faces of the. sheets ‘so as to engage in the fold or point of attachment between the checking leaf 20 and the adjacent thus to avoid interference with the transfer func - tion during the writing operation. Thus narrow, carbon sheet 14. The checkingv blade, therefore, 60 60 velongated, aligned portions of the paper may be occupies very little space. offset slightly from the general plane, so as‘to ’ A retaining bar 25 iscarried in any convenient partially separate the ?bres without actually manner by the platen carriage, extending sub-. removing any of the paper." Therefore, none of ‘stantially parallel to the checking blade 24 and the transfer material is removed or rendered in- ‘ spaced slightly from the latter. This retaining effective, and the ability to transfer inscription is bar is adapted to retain the outermost record in no way impaired while at the same time the strip l0 and also the checking sheet 20 closely paper is sufficiently weakened along these lines I alongside the checking blade 24. In practice, it to permit ready severance as mentioned. It will ' is preferable to attach the checking blade 24 be understood that the structure of the transverse to the retaining bar 25, the latter thus providing 70 weakened lines 23 will also be similar in this a support'for the former. I respect. Each of the superposed transfer sheets I4- is 75 The operation of the improved manifolding’de vice will now be clear from the above detailed provided with as many longitudinallyl spaced disclosure and may be summarized as follows: weakened lines 22 as desired, two such lines be ing shown in each sheet in the embodiment dis As mentioned, the carbon pack I3 is assembled with the work webs III by threading the latter be 75 4 2,110,594 tween adjacent carbon sheets, one web being po sitioned between each pair of adjacent carbon will be less' used or may not be used at all, as will sheets so that each underlying web is positioned be readily understood. For example, certain parts through'repeated use thereof, while other areas for receiving transfer inscriptions when the orig- ~ of the heading of bill forms, such as the name inal record is written upon the top web. The and address, and also the first lines of the body original work web will overlie the others and the transfer sheets, whilethe bottom web may be positioned outside of the lowermost transfer sheet, as clearly appears in Figure 1. The inter 10 mediate work webs, however, will be threaded between respective adjacent carbon sheets, and between the attachments I8 thereof, whereby the carbon pack I3 is retained in position with reference to the work webs and may be adjusted 15 to different positions thereon by sliding the car bon pack along the webs, or by moving the webs with relation to the carbon pack. , When thus assembled, with the forward ends of the work webs and transfer sheets substan 20 tially aligned with each other, the assembly may be passed from the rear between the platen 5 and the ‘pressure rollers ‘I. Forward rotation of the platen will now carry the assembled work webs and carbon sheets into writing position upon the 25 platen. When the free ends of the paper reach the checking blade 24, the outer or original work web, together with the checking sheet 20, will be passed between the checking blade 26 and the retaining bar 25, while the ‘remaining sheets and 30 webs will be positioned upon the opposite side of the checking blade. Typing to fill in the desired spaces of the blank forms will now be effected and the line spacing, as the typing progresses, will be accomplished by turning the platen forwardly in the usual man ner,,thus carrying the assembled webs and car bon pack forwardly as a unit. When the writing is completed the platen will be turned forwardly of the bill form, will be used more than other parts of the forms, and the corresponding or registering parts of the transfer sheets will thus become depleted sooner than other parts. It is desirable, therefore, to bring fresh parts 10 of the transfer sheets into position to replace the depleted parts. This may be done with the ar rangement herein disclosed in a very simple man ner without entirely replacing the carbon pack by a fresh one. In order to accomplish this, the 15 work webs [0, when moved forwardly relatively to the carbon sheets H, as above described, may be adjusted so that the weakened lines l2 thereof come into alignment with the outer set of weak ened lines 22 of the carbon’sheets. The webs and 20 sheets will be retained in this relative position and the lines l2 and 22 will thus function as in dex marks or indices to indicate the relative posi tioning. When thus positioned it will be seen that different portions of the carbon sheets will be‘ 25 brought into transfer relation with the work webs to replace the depleted portions of the carbon sheets. These depleted portions of the carbon sheets will then be relatively moved forwardly beyond the respective typing areas and thus not 30 brought into use in the manifolding-opera?on. The result is that clear, legible transfer impres sions will be made and economies effected in the use of the carbon sheets. When the weakened index lines l2 are brought 35 into registry with the index lines 22, as just de scribed, the work webs may then be severed along the lines l2, thus leaving the ends of the carbon1 to bring the carbon pack substantially to the sheets projecting slightly beyond the adjacent position as shown in Figure 1. In this position ends of the work webs. These projecting ends 40 the carbon sheets are entirely freed and released may then be severed along the weakened lines from the grip of the platen, permitting free rela tive, longitudinal movement between the carbon 22, if desired, thus again evening the ends of the ' webs and carbon sheets; or time may be saved sheets and work webs. by severing both the outer ends of the carbon 45 At this point, also, as shown in Fig. 1, the sheets and the inscribed work webs together at 45 checking blade 24 will engage the loop or turn at the rear end of the checking sheet 20 to check the same time when the lines l2 and 22 are brought into alignment with each other as de further advance of the carbon pack. This check scribed. The result is the same in either case and ing is su?icient to arrest further advance of the carbon pack under frictional engagement with the fresh or unused portions of the carbon sheets the advancing work webs, but a positive stop is will be brought into relative position to replace the depleted portions in, the typing operation. not provided due to the nature of the engage When the weakened lines 22 are provided with ment between the checking blade and the check the deviating or bowed portions 22', severance ing leaf. _ 55 ' Continued forward turning of the platen will of the ends of the transfer sheets, as described, now advance the webs relatively to the carbon does not interfere with the exposing of the work pack, or .the webs may be grasped through the webs for grasping independently of the carbon grasping notches 2| and pulled forwardly, while sheets, as new notches or cut-away portions will the carbon pack remains stationary in its checked thus be formed. Also, it will be understood that the second set of weakened lines 22 may be ma 60 position. The Work webs are. thus moved for wardly far enough to \wholl'y expose the blank nipulated in exactly the same manner as the ?rst forms thereof beyond the ends of the carbon sheets, thus bringing" fresh blank forms! into manifolding relation with the carbon sheets. 65 The inscribed webs may now be severed in any desired manner ' along the weakened lines I2 thereof. Reverse rotation of the platen will now move the assembled work webs and carbon sheets set, thus enabling additional unused areas of the carbon sheets to be brought into transfer posi tions. .Also, it will be understood that the sets of weakened lines 23 may be manipulated in a- simi lar manner. The line 23 being straight may be 65 more readily severed at one operation with the work webs, it being understood that the lines 23 rearwardly from the position shown in Figure 1 will be brought into registry with the lines l2 in av 70 until the desired parts of the blank forms are manner similar to that above described. 70 Since certain changes may be made in the again positioned on the writing line. Typing is above construction and different embodiments then continued to ?ll in the new blank forms. After a considerable number of blank forms of the invention could be made without departing have thus‘been typed, as just described, certain from the scope thereof, it is intended that all 75 parts of the transfer sheets will become depleted ‘matter contained in the above description or 75 5 shown in- the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. - , Having described my invention what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, gitudinally of the assembly from other parts of the same lines and with reference to the longitu dinally aligned parts of the record strip severance lines, said rearwardly de?ected parts 'of the severance lines being rearwardly spaced from the rear edges of said selective grip notches so as to I 4 , 15: - ' 1. A manifolding assembly including in com-' bination, a plurality of continuous relatively su perposed traveler record strips each having 10 transverse severance lines longitudinally spaced at sheet length intervals therealong so as to pro vide a plurality of form sheets arranged end to end and each having a blank form, a plurality of transfer sheets interleaved in transfer rela 15 tion with said record strips and being relatively short as compared with said record strips so as to be capable of assuming di?erent transfer posi tions along the record strips and to transfer in scriptions to the different form sheets thereof, 20 attaching means positioned outside of the record strips and attaching said transfer sheets together to form a transfer .unit of attached transfer leaves, which is relatively longitudinally adjust able into different transfer positions along the 25 record strips, at least one‘transverse weakened severance line- on each of said transfer sheets form, upon severance of the transfer sheets along the weakened severance lines thereof, selective grip notches positioned similarly to said first‘ mentioned grip notches, through which the adja-‘ 10 cent forward edge portions of the record strips may be selectively gripped.‘ 2. A manifolding device including in combina tion, a plurality of relatively superposed transfer sheets having attachments with each other so 15 as to form a transfer pack, said pack being ?exi ble throughout its length, said attachments of the transfer sheets being spaced apart laterally of the pack providing one or more eways between the sheets to permit threading ‘of one 20 or more record strips between the transfer sheets in transfer relation therewith, the advance end portions of said transfer sheets having selective grip notches opening through the forward sheet edges and aligned depthwise of the pack, through 25 which the forward end portions of the record extending substantially from edge to edge there strips may be selectively gripped, at least one stantially aligned depthwise of the assembly and said transfer sheets extending substantially from edge to edge thereof, said severance lines being substantially aligned depthwise of the transfer of, said transfer sheet severance lines being sub- \ transverse weakened severance line on each of 30 spaced short distances rearwardly from the for 30 ward edges of the sheets to form narrow severable transfer strips or sections at the forward end‘ pack and spaced short distances rearwardly from portions of the transfer sheets, each of said the forwardedges of the sheets so ‘as to form transfer sheets being longer than the forms. of the recordstrip form sheets and of su?icient length to cover the forms for transfer inscription thereto after severance of the said narrow sever able transfer sections therefrom, said transfer sheets having selective grip notches opening narrow severable transfer sections at the forward end portion of the pack, and each of said sever ance lines, at parts thereof longitudinally aligned with said selective grip notches, having a part. thereof rearwardly de?ected longitudinally of the pack and rearwardly spaced from the rear ward extremities of said notches so as to form, 40 40 through their forward edges and aligned with - upon severance along said weakened severance each other depthwise of the ‘assembly, through which the adjacent edge portions of the record strips may be selectively gripped, and each of said transfer sheet severance. lines, at parts there 45 of longitudinally aligned with said selective grip notches, having parts rearwardly deflected lon lines, selective grip notches positioned similarly to said ?rst mentioned grip notches, through which the adjacent forward edge portions of the record strips may be selectively gripped. ' ' JOHN STUART FLEMING. M .