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Патент USA US2110607

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March 8, 1938.
|__ A_ M51555
Filed Sept. 2, 1936
12 "
In venlor
.5001: HJVEJSsE
Patented Mar.8,1938
Louis A. Meisse, Mans?eld, Ohio, assignor to
The ()hle Brass Company, Mansfield, Ohio, a
corporation of New Jersey
Application September 2, 1936, Serial No. 99.15310
1 Slaim. (Cl. 173--366)
My invention relates to hangers of the insu- parts adds materially to the strength of the de
lated type for supporting conductors in connection with overhead trolley construction.
The object of my invention is to provide a
5 hanger which will possess a higher insulating
value between the conductor and the ground
and also to eliminate or greatly reduce the possibility of grounding the trolley wire in case of
dewirement of the current collector.
Other objects of my invention will be apparent from the disclosure of my invention which
My invention resides in the new and novel
construction, combination and relation of the
15 parts hereinafter described and shown in the ao-
the highest efficiency and reliability. The in
sulations I2 and I3 might be combined into a
single unit of insulation without the intervening
member 6, but where the insulation is made '15
companying drawing.
In the drawing:
The ?gure shows an elevational view in partial
quite heavy it has been found in practice that
there is greater liability for such increased thick
ness not to perform as e?iciently both electrically
section of my invention.
In the preferred embodiment of my invention
I use a body member I which has a plate por-
and mechanically as where it is broken up into
units. This lack of reliability is due to the dif- 20
?culty of properly heating the heavy mass of
tion 2 and a depending inwardly projecting
material and of the application of su?icient and
uniform distribution of pressure upon the insu
?ange 3 and a projecting boss 4 which may be
threaded as at 5.
I also use an intermediate member 6 in the
form of an inverted cup with reduced opening
vice and establishes a factor of safety with re
spect to the load it is to support which is con
siderably in excess of other hangers for the
same purpose.
Through the use of the member 6 the insu
lation is broken up into substantially the equiv
alent of the insulation for a double hanger, or
in other words without materially increasing the
size of the hanger over that of the ordinary 10
type I am able to provide double insulation of
and a ?ange ‘I projecting outwardly from the
edge of the opening. The flange 1 is provided
with a further projecting portion 8 which is of
greater diameter than the member I for the
purpose of preventing a ?ying trolley pole from
simultaneously contacting with the trolley wire
and the member I which may be grounded.
I also use the stud 9, the lower end III of which
is threaded for attachment to a trolley wire
support which may be of any desirable construction. The stud 9 is also provided with a conically
shaped head II, the side face of which is parallel
with the inner side face of the intermediate
member 6.
The outer side face of the member 6 is also
parallel to the inner side face of the ?ange 3.
Interposed between the members I and 6 and
between the members 6 and 9 is a composition
insulating material I2 and I3 respectively. The
plate portion 2 protects the insulation from
This insulation is positioned through the medium of proper dies and pressure and also the use
of heat if required. In order to bind the parts
more securely together, I form spaced openings
II in the members I and 6 which are also ?lled
with composition which in turn forms an inte-
gral part of the composition layers I2 and I3.
The dove-tailed construction of the various
lation to cause its proper ?ow with respect to
the castings.
As pointed out, one of the features of my
hanger is the projecting ?ange 8, and the inter
mediate inverted cup and ?ange ‘I provide a very
convenient and novel manner of supporting the
flange 8 relative to the hanger in a strong and 30
e?icient manner, and at the same time the in
verted cup and ?ange ‘I act to break up the in
sulation into units, thus serving a double func
By paralleling the adjacent side surfaces of 35
the members I, 6 and 9, I am able to secure a
very high mechanical resistance to the separa
tion of the parts under load and a relatively low
stress per unit of area.
In order to support the hanger from an over- 40
head span wire, Imay employ the ?tting I5 which
has projecting arms with U-shaped grooves I6 at
each end opening in one direction and a groove
I‘I adjacent the center of the ?tting opening in
the opposite direction, and in these grooves the 45
span wire is positioned, as is Well known to those
familiar with the art.
The ?tting I5 is secured to the hanger boss 4
by means of the threaded stud III which is shown
as an integral part of the ?tting I5. By back- 50
rotating the fitting I5 possibly one-half or one
quarter turn after it has been contacted with
the end face of the boss 4, the hanger will then
pivot about its vertical axis with respect to the
?tting I5 and form what might be termed a 55
pivotal union between the hanger and ?tting I5.
If it is desired to use the hanger proper in
mine overhead construction, the ?tting I5 would
probably be eliminated and the hanger boss 4
attached directly to an overhead expansion bolt
as is customary.
In connection with hangers of the present
day construction, especially of the round top type
in which an outer metal shell forms an inverted
10 cup and is ?lled with insulation from which a
stud projects downwardly, if such hanger is at
tached to a grounded span wire then the lower
edge of the inverted cup is also grounded and
a ?ying trolley pole is very likely to simultane
15 ously engage with the trolley wire and inverted
cup thus producing a short circuit which is likely
to cause considerable damage and especially is
this true if the hanger is used in connection
with trolley bus overhead construction in Which
positive and negative conductors are supported
from the same span wire within possibly 18" to
24" apart.
With my construction, as previously stated,
the trolley pole may simultaneously contact with
25 the trolley wire and the ?ange 8 of the inter
mediate shell 6 without causing any short cir
cuit as the shell 6 would still be insulated from
the span wire which might be grounded.
While auxiliary insulation may be used in con
30. nection with the overhead span wire, still if it
is not used, my hanger provides double insula-~
tion to ground and protection against ground_
ing through a ?ying trolley pole all without un~
increasing the size of the hanger over that
of the standard single insulation types now on
the market.
Modi?cations will suggest themselves to those
skilled in the art based upon my disclosure and,
40 therefore, I wish to be limited only by my claim.
I claim:—
An insulated hanger comprising a body mem
ber of metal having a side wall forming an in
verted hollow frustum of a cone with the small
end open and the large end closed by a plate
like part projecting beyond the side wall and
forming a ?ange about the large end of the wall,
the body member provided with means whereby
attachment may be made thereto in order to sup
port the hanger, a second body member of metal
having a side wall forming an inverted hollow
frustum of a cone with the small end open and
the large end closed by a plate-like part and a
?ange surrounding the open end of the conical
part and projecting outwardly beyond the coni 15
cal part of the said ?rst body member to protect
the hanger against ?ying trolley poles, the coni
cal part of the second body member being posi
tioned in the conical part of the ?rst body mem
ber, the side walls of the members sloping uni 20
formly and the said second body member spaced.
from the said ?rst body member, a stud having
a conical shaped head positioned within the con—
ical part of the said second body member and
having a stem projecting from the hanger with
means to secure thereto a trolley wire support,
openings through the conical part of the said
?rst body member and other openings through
the plate-like closing part of the second body
member and an insulating material moulded in 30
position between the body members and stud and
extending through the said openings to hold the
parts in insulated position relative to each other
and against separation, the insulation extending
between the said ?anges being exposed but pro~
tected from ?ying trolley poles by the said ?ange
on the said second body member, the insulation
also covering a portion of the lower face of the
last mentioned ?ange.
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