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Патент USA US2110610

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March 8, 1938.
'
R. M. RICKABY
FILING DEVICE
Filed Jan. 18, 1935
'
2,110,610
‘
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
‘2,110,610
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFlCE
2,110,610
FILING DEVICE
Roland M. Rickaby, Green Bay, Wia, assignor
to Automatic File & Index Company, Chicago,
Ill., a corporation of Delaware
Application January 18, 1935, Serial No. 2,351
25 Claims. (Cl. 129-16)
The present invention relates to ?ling devices‘. and are moved from such position laterally and
Among the objects of the present invention is into a position transversely of the drawer to effect
to provide a novel ?ling device having novel interlocking thereof to prevent upward displace-'
means for securing and holding one or more
I spacer guides or other ?ling members in their
operative positions.
In ?ling devices of the type herein disclosed,
spacer or separator members have been held in
position by ?exible or resilient members secured
10 to a supporting member which grip projecting
lugs or elements on the spacer guides. As is
well known, these lugs on ‘the spacer guides or
members are inserted between the ?exible mem
bers by pressing downwardly on the lugs and the
i5 ?exible members serve to provide a slot where
by these spacer or separator guides may be moved
horizontally or along these members for adjust
ment purposes, material to be ?led being inserted
into its position between adjacent spacer or sepa
20 rator guides or members.
In a device of this
kind, there has been a tendency for these project
ing elements or lugs of the spacer members to
ride up out of the slot formed by the resilient
members, and to become disengaged therefrom,
25 when the spacer members are moved horizontally
for adjustment. This is an' objectionable feature
inasmuch as these spacer members are usually
enclosed within a drawer ?ling cabinet, which
prevents proper closing and opening of the same.
It is therefore an object of the present inven
30
tion to provide a novel ?ling device in which the
above disadvantages are eliminated and which
comprehends novel means whereby spacer mem
bers or guides may be easily inserted or removed,
35 as desired.
'
,
The present invention contemplates novel se
curing means for the spacer members or guides
which permits easy insertion of such members in
to locking engagement in.a drawer, or a suitable
40 supporting means, whereby the spacer members
can be moved horizontally for the purpose of ad
justment but will not become displaced vertically.
Another object within the purview of the pres
entinvention is to provide novel securing means
45 for the spacer guides or members, which means
interlocks upon relative lateral movement of the
spacer members and the drawer or other support
ment of the spacer member or members, the side
walls of the drawer or other means associated 5
with the supporting means serving to prevent
any appreciable lateral movement of the spacer
member or members when in an operative posi
tion transversely of the supporting means which
would permit disengagement of the securing 10
means.
-
'
Still another object of the present‘ invention
is to provide novel securing means for a spacer
member in a ?ling device, including means to
permit swinging of the spacer member relative to
the supporting means and wherein suitable means
is provided to receive one or more ?ngers to
facilitate movement of the spacer member.
Still a further object of the present invention
is to provide novel securing means for spacer
members in a drawer or other supporting means
which includes a lug or projecting element formed
with one or more beveled faces to facilitate easy
insertion of such spacer members between ad
jacent members.
Other objects, features, capabilities and ad
vantages are comprehended by the invention, ‘as
25
will later appear and as are inherently possessed
thereby.
Referring to the drawing:
30
Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a ?ling de
vice made in accordance with the present in
vention, the same being shown in open position
with parts broken away to disclose certain por
tions thereof more in detail;
35
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view in perspective
of a portion of the ?ling device of Figure 1, show
ing the securing means for the spacer members,
which is made in accordance with the present
invention; and
a
40
Figure 3 is a fragmentary view in perspective
similar to Figure 2 of the drawing, with the parts
of the securing means, however, in engagement.
Referring now more in detail to the drawing,
the securing means of the present invention is
shown in connection with a ?ling device 2 which
comprises a cabinet 4 suitably supported upon
ing means therefor, but which prevents vertical ' the legs 6, which cabinet is provided with a
displacement of the spacer members.
50
Another object of the present invention is to
provide novel means for securing one or more
spacer members or guides in a drawer or support
ing means wherein said securing means is oper
able when the spacer members are disposed
$5 obliquely to the longitudinal axis of the drawer
bottom supporting member 8 and an expansible
front panel II], a cover I! being provided and be 5.0
ing suitably hinged to the device whereby the
same may be opened into a position as shown in
Figure 1 of, the drawing and for moving the front
panel l0 into its expanded position.
‘
Disposed within the cabinet 4 is a plurality of 55
~
2
9,110,610
spacer members or guides ll adapted to receive
material to be ?led therebetween and for map
the longitudinal axis oi’ the supporting member
8, and the lug 32 is placed between the beaded
erly separating such material from other mate» edge 26 and the upstanding wall II, the slot 48
being opposite the beaded edge 20.. The spacer
adjacent spacer members I‘. _
member i4 is then moved into transverse posi
rial to be ?led between succeeding or successive
In order to introduce or insert additional spacer
members II in the cabinet 4, as well as to remove
those spacers not desired, suitable securing means
may be provided to releasably hold the spacer
10 guides in association with the supporting member
I whereby the same may beinserted or removed,
yet held in their proper position and moved to
ward or away from one another, as occasion de
mands.
15 ‘- In the present device,‘ the supporting member
8 is provided with a central elongated depressed
channel I‘, to one side of which is connected a
securing element II, this securing element hav
ing a laterally disposed ?ange 20 seating on the
-20 bottom of the depressed portion I! and abutting
one of the side walls thereof, the connection
between the depressed portion l6 and the secur
ing element being by means of welding or other
wise attaching or connecting the ?ange 20 to the
tion in respect to a longitudinal axis of securing
element II and into a position whereby the sides
are disposed substantially adjacent the side walls
of the cabinet, the lug II during such movement
moving laterally whereby slot ll embraces and -10
interlocks with the beaded edge Ii. It will there
fore be seen that beoauseoi' the lateral disposi
tion of the slot ll, the spacer member cannot be
displaced upwardly, and as long as the spacer
member is disposed in transverse position in re 15
spect to the. longitudinal axis of securing ele
ment ‘II, the sides 01' the spacer member are in
close juxtaposition to the sides of the cabinet and
there can be no appreciable lateral displacement
of the same. The spacer members H can be re
moved therefore only by slightly moving them
20
into an oblique position in respect to the drawer
or supporting means, and such securing means
prevents any possibility of the lugs 32 riding up
wardly, which has heretofore occurred in devices 25
of the type herein referred to. Head 20 provides
a runner whereby the lugs 32 may be moved hori
and opposed to ?ange 20, this ?ange being pro- . zontally to adjust these spacer members, as de
vided with a resilient rolled or beaded edge 28 sired, and the trunnions on the lugs I2 hinged
30 in substantial spaced relation to the upstanding
in the tubular‘ portions II and M permit swing 80
wall 28 of the depressed portion l6.
'
ing of the spacer members without aiiecting the
In the embodiment disclosed, each of the spacer interlocking relation between lugs I! and secur—
depressed portion ll. This securing element is
further provided with an upstanding central web
22 and a ?ange 24 extending laterally thereof
members is provided with securing means 30 con
nected thereto substantially midway between the
35 side edges thereof and along its lower edge, such
means comprising 9. lug 32 formed with an en
larged body portion‘ 84 projecting from the lower
ing element l0.
'
While I have herein described and upon the
drawing shown an illustrative embodiment of the
invention, it is to be understood that the inven
tion is not limited thereto but may comprehend
edge of the spacer member and oppositely dis ' other constructions, arrangements of parts, de
posed trunnions 38 received in the tubular hear
tails and features without departing from the
40 ing or hinged portions 38 and 40 of a plate 42
spirit of the invention.
I claim:
secured as shown, as by means of rivets H or the
like to the spacer member N. This plate mem
1. In a filing device, the combination of a
ber preferably comprises a single sheet of metal spacer member, a member associated therewith
blanked to conform to the desired shape and to provide a support at the lower edge of said
45 size, and may be bent along its axis to provide
spacer member, and means intermediate the ends
the tubular portions 38 and 40 and the side ex
of said lower edge for securing said spacer mem
tensions disposed on opposite sides of the spacer ber to said supporting member, said means com
guide or member I4, although it is to be under
prising elements on said members adapted to in
stood that the tubular bearings and plate por
terlock at a single point to prevent relative move
50 tions may be formed separately and secured to
ment of said spacer with respect to said support
gether in any desired manner. This plate mem
ing member in a direction substantially normal
her is formed to provide an opening 46 conform
to said supporting member but operable to effect
ing to a similar opening in the lower edge of the engagement and disengagement thereof upon
spacer member H, which opening is adapted to relative movement therebetween substantially
55 receive a ?nger which may be inserted to facili
transversely of said supporting member.
tate movement of the spacer into and out of its
2. In a filing device, the combination of a
operative position. The lug 32 is formed with spacer member, a supporting member therefor,
a slot 48 having a laterally disposed opening said spacer member being normally transversely
adapted to receive the beaded or rolled edge 28 disposed with respect to‘said supporting member
of the securing element is. The securing ele
when in operative position, an element provided
ment I8 is formed from material, which will pro
on one of said members having a resilient con
vide a resilient beaded edge adapted to contract tractible edge portion, and an element provided
when compressed. The slot 48 conforms sub
on the other of said members embracing said
stantially to the shape of the‘beaded edge 28 and edge portion upon movement of one of said ele
65 is slightly smaller than the beaded or rolled edge
ments with respect to the other, transversely with
26 so as .to slightly compress the head when respect to said supporting member whereby said
?tted thereover. This slot is also of such ashape members are interlocked.
)
4
that its lower edge portion more closely receives
3. In a filing device, the combination 01 a
the bead 28 to prevent easy removal of the lug spacer member, a supporting member therefor,
70 when once in place, the slot 40 therefor in effect said spacer member being normally transversely
forming shoulders to interlock with the bead to disposed with respect to said supporting member
hold the securing elements I! and 32 in inter
when in operative position, an element provided
locking relation.
Spacer members H are inserted in place by dis
76 posing their lower edges obliquely in relation to
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
on one of said members having a resilient con
tractible edge portion, and an element provided
on the other of said members and having a 75
3
2,110,810
laterally opening slot adapted to receive andem
brace said edge portion upon movement, of one
of said elements with respect to the other, trans
versely with respect to said supporting member
whereby said members are interlocked.
-
members but providing for sliding adjustment
thereof, said last-named elements being swing
ably connected to said spacer members to permit
swinging thereof relative to said supporting
member.
'
10. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
4. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
spacer member, ‘a supporting member therefor, _ plurality of spacer members, a supporting mem
said spacer member being normally transversely ber therefor, said supporting member having an .
disposed with respect to said supporting member ‘element provided with a ‘single resilient con
when in operative position, an element provided tractible edge portion, and an elementprovided 10
on one of said members having av resilient ‘con
tractible edge portion, and an element provided
on the other of said members embracing said
edge portion upon movement of one of said ele
ments with respect to the other, transversely with
respect to said supporting member whereby said
on each of said spacer members embracing said
edge portion to prevent displacement thereof but
providing for sliding adjustment of said spacer
members, said last-named elements being swing
ably connected to said spacer members to permit 15
swinging thereof relative to said supporting
member, each of said spacer members being pro
members are interlocked, one of said elements
vided with a cut-out portion for receiving a ?nger
being swingably connected to its associated mem
ber to permit swinging of said spacer member ' to facilitate adjustment of said spacer members
20 relative to said supporting member.~
5. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
spacer member, a supporting member therefor,
said spacer member being normally transversely
disposed with respect to said supportingmember
25 when in operative position, an element provided
on one of said members having a resilient con
tractible edge portion, and an element provided
on the other of said members and having a later
ally opening slot adapted to receive and embrace
30 'said edge portion upon movement of one of said
elements with respect to the other, transversely
with respect to said supporting member whereby
said members are interlocked, one of said ele
ments being swingably connected to its associated
member to permit swinging of said spacer mem
ber relative to said supporting member.
6. In a ?ling device, the combination of a plu
rality of spacer members, a supporting member
therefor, said supporting member having an ele
40 ment provided with a single resilient contractible
edge portion, and an element provided on each
of said spacer members embracing said edge por
tlon to prevent displacement thereof but provid
ing 'for sliding adjustment of said spacer
members.
'7. In a ?ling device, the combination of a plu~
rnlity of spacer members, a supporting member
therefor, said supporting member having an ele
ment provided with a single resilient contractible
edge portion, and an element provided on each of
said spacer members having a laterally opening
and engagement and disengagement of said ele 20
ments.
11. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
plurality of spacer members, a supporting mem
ber therefor, said supporting member having an
element provided with a single resilient contrac
tible edge portion, and an element provided on
each of said spacer members having a laterally
opening slot adapted to receive and embrace said
edge portion to prevent displacement of said
spacer members but providing for sliding adjust 30
ment thereof, said last-named elements being
swingably connected to said spacer members to
permit swinging thereof relative to said support
ing member, each of said spacer members being
provided with a cut-out portion for receiving a
?nger to facilitate adjustment of said spacer
members and engagement and disengagement of
said elements.
12. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a 40
bottom supporting member, a plurality of spacer
members disposed transversely of said drawer
between said sides, means having a single resil
ient contractible edge secured to said supporting
member, and means connected to said spacer
members embracing said means for interlocking
said members in said drawer.
13. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
bottom supporting member, a plurality of spacer
members disposed transversely of said drawer '
slot adapted to receive and embrace said edge‘ between said sides, means having a single resil
portion to prevent displacement of said spacer ient contractible edge secured to said supporting
members but providing for sliding adjustment member, and means connected to said spacer
members engageable with said contractible edge
55 thereof.
8. In a ?ling device, the combination of a plu
rality of spacer members, a supporting member
therefor, said supporting member having an ele
ment provided with a single resilient contractible
60 edge portion, and an element provided on each
of said spacer members embracing said edge por
tion to prevent displacement thereof but provid
ing for sliding adjustment of said spacer mem
bers, said last-named elements being swingably
connected to said spacer members to permit
swinging thereof relative to said supporting
member. ‘
'
9. In a ?ling device, the combination of a plu
rality of spacer members, a supporting member
therefor, said supporting'member having an ele
ment provided with a single resilient contractible
edge portion, and an element provided on each
of said spacer members having a laterally open
ing slot adapted to receive and embrace said edge
75 portion to prevent displacement of said‘ spacer
when said spacer members are obliquely disposed
with respect to said sides and adapted to em
brace said contractible edge to prevent upward
and lateral displacement of said spacer members
when disposed transversely of said drawer.
14. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
60
drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
bottom supporting member, a spacer member,
means for interlocking said members when said
spacer member is disposed transversely with re
spect to said sides, said means comprising a single
enlarged edge portion associated with one of said
members, and means associated with the other
of said members engageable with said enlarged
edge when said spacer member is obliquely dis
posed with respect to said sides and cooperating
with said enlarged edge whereby upward dis
placement of said spacer member is prevented
when said spacer member is disposed transversely of said drawer between said sides.
75
4
8,110,610
15. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
bottom supporting member, a spacer member,
and a lug member, one of said last-named mem
bers having a trunnion and the other of said
members having hinge means for receiving said
means for interlocking said members when said
trunnion to pivotally connect said lug to said
spacer member is disposed transversely with re
spect to said sides, said means comprising an ele
ment associated with one of said members having
a single enlarged edge portion, and an element
associated with the other of said members adapt
ed to embrace said edge portion for interlocking
said elements, the element on said spacer mem
?rst-named member, said lug member having a
portion provided with a slot extending inwardly
disposed transversely of said drawer between
member, said lug member having a portion pro
said sides.
vided with a slot extending inwardly from me ~
from one side thereof.
21. In a ?ling device, the combination of ‘a
member adapted to be moved in said device, se
curing means therefor, said means comprising a 10
plate member secured to said ?rst-named mem
ber adapted to engage the other of said elements - ber and a lug ‘member, one of said last-named
when the spacer member is obliquely disposed‘ members having oppositely disposed trunnions
with respect to said sides, one of said elements and the other of said members having tubular
15 embracing said edge portion to prevent displace
hinge portions for receiving said trunnions to 16
ment of said spacer member when the same is
pivotally connect said lug to said ?rst-named
-
16. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
20 drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
bottom supporting member, a spacer member,
means for interlocking said members when said
spacer member is disposed transversely with re
spect to said sides, said means comprising an
side thereof.
'
22. In a ?ling device, the combination of a 20
member adapted to be moved in said device, se—
curing means therefor, said means comprising
a plate member secured to said ?rst-named
member and a lug member, one of said last
25 element secured longitudinally of said drawer
named members having oppositely disposed trun 25
nions and the other of said members having
~edge portion, and an element secured to said
tubular hinge portions for receiving said trun
spacer member provided with a laterally opening nions to pivotally connect said lug to said ?rst
slot, said last-named element engaging said ?rst
named member, said plate and ?rst-named mem
30 named element when said spacer member is ob
ber having a ?nger opening adjacent said lug, 30
liquely disposed with respect to said sides and. said lug member having a portion provided with
embracing said resilient edge portion to prevent ' a slot extending inwardly from one side there
upward displacement of said spacer member _ of.
when said spacer member is disposed trans
23. In a ?ling device; the combination of a
35 versely of said drawer between said sides, said member adapted to be moved in said device, se
cooperating elements providing for sliding move
curing means therefor, said means comprising
ment of said spacer member relative to said
a lug secured to said member and having a por
drawer.
tion depending from said member, saidportion
1'7. In a ?ling device, the combination of a having a slot extending inwardly from one side
40 drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
only thereof, said securing means further includ 40
bottom supporting member, a spacer member, ing a member disposable within said slot and
means for interlocking said members when said embraced by said portion whereby said ?rst
and being provided with a resilient contractible
spacer member is disposed transversely with re
spect to said sides, said means comprising an
45 element secured longitudinally of said drawer and
being provided with a resilient contractible edge
portion, and an element pivotally secured to said
spacer member provided with a laterally open
ing slot, said last-named element engaging said
50 ?rst-named element when said spacer member
is obliquely disposed with respect to said sides
and embracing said resilient edge portion to pre
vent upward displacement of said spacer mem
ber when said spacer member is disposed trans
55 versely of said drawer between said sides, said co
operating elements providing for sliding move
ment of said spacer member relative to said
drawer, said pivotally secured element providing
for swinging movement of said spacer member.
18. A securing lug for a spacer member, com
00
prising a member having a trunnion portion and
a portion offset in respect to the axis of said trun
nion portion, said offset portion having a. slot
extending inwardly from one side thereof.
19. A securing lug for a spacer member, com
prising a member having an enlarged projecting
portion and provided with laterally extending
trunnion portions, said enlarged portion having
a slot extending inwardly from one side thereof.
20. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
70
member adapted to be moved in said device, se
curing means therefor, said means comprising a
plate member secured to said ?rst named member
named member is secured to said second named
member at a single,p0lnt.
24. In a ?ling device, the combination of a 45
member adapted to be moved in said device, se
curing means therefor, said means comprising a
lug pivotally secured to said member and hav
ing a portion depending therefrom, said portion
having a slot extending inwardly from one side 50
only thereof, said securing means further in
cluding a member disposable within said slot
and embraced by said portion whereby said ?rst
named member is secured to said second named
member at a single point.
55
25. In a ?ling device, the combination of a
drawer having oppositely disposed sides and a
bottom supporting member, a spacer member as
sociated therewith, interlocking means for said
member when said spacer member is disposed 60
transversely with respect to said sides, said means
comprising a locking element extending along
one of said members, the other of said members
having a locking element providing a laterally
extending opening whereby said last named ele 65
ment is adapted to embrace said ?rst named ele
ment when said spacer member is obliquely dis
posed with respect to said sides and cooperating
with said ?rst named locking element whereby
upward displacement of said spacer member is 70
prevented when said spacer member is disposed
transversely of said drawer between said sides.
ROLAND M. RICKABY.
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