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Патент USA US2110744

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March s, 1938.
w, F, STAPLES
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'
SHUT'i‘LE
Filed Sept. 24, 1957
\ W \ um
2,110,744
2,110,744
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE »
2,110,744
SHUTTLE
Willard Foster Staples, Taftville, Conn., assignor
to Ponemah Mills, Taftville, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut
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Application September 24, 1937, Serial No. 165,575
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' 5 Claims.
This invention relates to loom shuttles and
has particular reference to the provision of
means in the eye of the shuttle whereby the yarn
or thread or weft being drawn from the shuttle
at each pick in each direction,in the course of
weaving a fabric, is caused at irregular inter
vals to have a ru?ied or fluffy or bunched effect
in spots and accordingly the material or fabric
being woven will be given a very different ap
10 pearance than that of the fabric woven by the
H
l
use of a shuttle not provided with the present
invention.
The present invention consists broadly in
roughening the side walls of the shuttle eye, or in
applying to the walls of the eye, some hardened,
across the loom.
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In the present invention I have roughened in
any desired manner the side walls I‘! of the eye
or outlet I6, preferably by coating or lining said
walls with an abrasive roughened material l8.
The ?lling thread I2 in its passage through the
eye l6 contacts and passes over the roughened
abrasive material on the left hand wall of the
eye in the movement of the shuttle to the right 10
and over the abrasive material on the right hand
wall in the passage of'the- shuttle to the left.
As the thread passes over this roughened por
tion of the eye ‘in the process of weaving there
will be formed on the thread at intervals small 15
roughened material such as emery, cement or
?uffs or bunches of the thread as at IS.
thread passing over the abrasive material is .
cordingly such rul’?ed or fluffed spots will ap
—
pear in the ?nished fabric.
In the present invention an abrasive material
such as emery, or cement of some character, is
positioned around the sides of the delivery eye
of the shuttle in position to be engaged by the
?lling thread as it emerges from the eye. The
construction and arrangement of the abrasive
is such that the short, loose ?bers which are
spun on the ?lling adhere or catch on the ab
W rasive material and are caused to gather into a
' bunch or slub or ?uff, along the ‘thread. When
such a slub or bunch is formed and has reached
a certain appreciable size it pulls loose' from the
abrasive or roughened formation on the walls
of the eye and amather slub is immediately
Z: Li
started and eventually formed and as in the
?rst instance pulls away from the material, and
this continues until the ?lling on the bobbin
is exhausted.
One form of embodiment of the present in
vention is shown in the accompanying draw
ing, wherein corresponding reference numerals
are used to indicate corresponding parts in each
of ‘the views.
45
mariner in the operation or pick of the shuttle
the like, whereby when the yarn or thread is
drawn through the eye, in the process of weaving,
the same will be ruliled or ?uifed in spots and ac
_
4
(Cl. 139-212)
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a top plan of the delivery end of the
shuttle, including a portion of the bobbin car-'
rying the ?lling thread, the portion of the shut
tle about the eye being broken away and shown
in section; and
Fig. 2 is a front-elevation.
In the drawing l0 indicates the shuttle having
the usual bobbin ll carrying the thread I! which
passes over the tension pad I3 under the cover
56 I4 and shield l5 through the eye IS, in the usual
The
caused to ?uff or bunch at intervals and when
a certain amount or size of ?uff is formed the
same then pulls away from the abrasive material
and passes on out of the eye and the formation
of another ?u? or bunch is begun.
It will thus be seen that as this thread with
the ?uffs or bunches thereon is woven into the
fabric quite a difference in appearance will be
given to the fabric from that wherein the ?lling
thread is not so acted upon.
Having thus fully described my invention, what
I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent of the United States, is:— '
1.,A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying 30
yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon,
said shuttle having an eye or outlet through
which the yarn passes, the walls of said eye be
ing lined with an abrasive material over which 35
the yarn passes, whereby in'the operation of
weaving said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into
?ulfs or bunches at'intervals on the yarnl .
2. A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying
yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon, 40
said shuttle having an eye or outlet through
which the' yarn passes, an abrasive material in
said eye over which the yarn passes, whereby
in the operation of weaving said nubs or loose
?bres are formed into ?uffs or bunches at in- 45
tervals on the yarn.
3. A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying
yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon,
said shuttle having an eye or outlet through
which the yarn passes, the opposite walls of said 50
eye being coated with an abrasive material over
which the yarn passes, whereby in the operation
of weaving said nubs or loose ?bres are formed
into ?u?s or bunches at intervals on the yarn.
45A loom shuttle, a 'bobbin therein carrying 55
2
5
2,110,744
?bres are formed into ?uffs or bunches at in
ing yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun there
on, said ‘shuttle having an eye or outlet through
which the yarn passes, the opposite walls of said
eye being coated with emery over which the
yarn passes, whereby in the operation of weav
ing said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into
tervals on the yarn.
?u?‘s or bunches at intervals on the yarn.
yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon,
said shuttle having an eye or outlet through
which the yarn passes, emery material secured
in said eye, over which the yarn passes, whereby
in the Operation of weaving said nubs or loose
‘ 5. A. 100m shuttle, a bobbin therein carry
WILLARD FOSTER STAPLES.
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