Патент USA US2110744код для вставки
March s, 1938. w, F, STAPLES - ' SHUT'i‘LE Filed Sept. 24, 1957 \ W \ um 2,110,744 2,110,744 Patented Mar. 8, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE » 2,110,744 SHUTTLE Willard Foster Staples, Taftville, Conn., assignor to Ponemah Mills, Taftville, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut ' - Application September 24, 1937, Serial No. 165,575 ' ' 5 Claims. This invention relates to loom shuttles and has particular reference to the provision of means in the eye of the shuttle whereby the yarn or thread or weft being drawn from the shuttle at each pick in each direction,in the course of weaving a fabric, is caused at irregular inter vals to have a ru?ied or fluffy or bunched effect in spots and accordingly the material or fabric being woven will be given a very different ap 10 pearance than that of the fabric woven by the H l use of a shuttle not provided with the present invention. The present invention consists broadly in roughening the side walls of the shuttle eye, or in applying to the walls of the eye, some hardened, across the loom. - In the present invention I have roughened in any desired manner the side walls I‘! of the eye or outlet I6, preferably by coating or lining said walls with an abrasive roughened material l8. The ?lling thread I2 in its passage through the eye l6 contacts and passes over the roughened abrasive material on the left hand wall of the eye in the movement of the shuttle to the right 10 and over the abrasive material on the right hand wall in the passage of'the- shuttle to the left. As the thread passes over this roughened por tion of the eye ‘in the process of weaving there will be formed on the thread at intervals small 15 roughened material such as emery, cement or ?uffs or bunches of the thread as at IS. thread passing over the abrasive material is . cordingly such rul’?ed or fluffed spots will ap — pear in the ?nished fabric. In the present invention an abrasive material such as emery, or cement of some character, is positioned around the sides of the delivery eye of the shuttle in position to be engaged by the ?lling thread as it emerges from the eye. The construction and arrangement of the abrasive is such that the short, loose ?bers which are spun on the ?lling adhere or catch on the ab W rasive material and are caused to gather into a ' bunch or slub or ?uff, along the ‘thread. When such a slub or bunch is formed and has reached a certain appreciable size it pulls loose' from the abrasive or roughened formation on the walls of the eye and amather slub is immediately Z: Li started and eventually formed and as in the ?rst instance pulls away from the material, and this continues until the ?lling on the bobbin is exhausted. One form of embodiment of the present in vention is shown in the accompanying draw ing, wherein corresponding reference numerals are used to indicate corresponding parts in each of ‘the views. 45 mariner in the operation or pick of the shuttle the like, whereby when the yarn or thread is drawn through the eye, in the process of weaving, the same will be ruliled or ?uifed in spots and ac _ 4 (Cl. 139-212) In the drawing: Fig. 1 is a top plan of the delivery end of the shuttle, including a portion of the bobbin car-' rying the ?lling thread, the portion of the shut tle about the eye being broken away and shown in section; and Fig. 2 is a front-elevation. In the drawing l0 indicates the shuttle having the usual bobbin ll carrying the thread I! which passes over the tension pad I3 under the cover 56 I4 and shield l5 through the eye IS, in the usual The caused to ?uff or bunch at intervals and when a certain amount or size of ?uff is formed the same then pulls away from the abrasive material and passes on out of the eye and the formation of another ?u? or bunch is begun. It will thus be seen that as this thread with the ?uffs or bunches thereon is woven into the fabric quite a difference in appearance will be given to the fabric from that wherein the ?lling thread is not so acted upon. Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:— ' 1.,A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying 30 yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon, said shuttle having an eye or outlet through which the yarn passes, the walls of said eye be ing lined with an abrasive material over which 35 the yarn passes, whereby in'the operation of weaving said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into ?ulfs or bunches at'intervals on the yarnl . 2. A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon, 40 said shuttle having an eye or outlet through which the' yarn passes, an abrasive material in said eye over which the yarn passes, whereby in the operation of weaving said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into ?uffs or bunches at in- 45 tervals on the yarn. 3. A loom shuttle, a bobbin therein carrying yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon, said shuttle having an eye or outlet through which the yarn passes, the opposite walls of said 50 eye being coated with an abrasive material over which the yarn passes, whereby in the operation of weaving said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into ?u?s or bunches at intervals on the yarn. 45A loom shuttle, a 'bobbin therein carrying 55 2 5 2,110,744 ?bres are formed into ?uffs or bunches at in ing yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun there on, said ‘shuttle having an eye or outlet through which the yarn passes, the opposite walls of said eye being coated with emery over which the yarn passes, whereby in the operation of weav ing said nubs or loose ?bres are formed into tervals on the yarn. ?u?‘s or bunches at intervals on the yarn. yarn having loose ?bres or nubs spun thereon, said shuttle having an eye or outlet through which the yarn passes, emery material secured in said eye, over which the yarn passes, whereby in the Operation of weaving said nubs or loose ‘ 5. A. 100m shuttle, a bobbin therein carry WILLARD FOSTER STAPLES.