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Патент USA US2110822

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\ March a was;
I. S. ROBERTS
2,1 10,822
TOY LOOM
Filed Nov. 5, 1935
2 Sheets-Sheet l
:March 8, 1938.
' '
l, s_ ROBERTS
2,110,822
TOY LOOM
Filed Nov. 5, .1955
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‘ 2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Patented Mar. 8, 1938
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UNITED
2,110,822
ATNT orries
STATES
2,110,822
TOY
LO OM
Ingham S. Roberts, Ridley Park, Pa.
Application November 5, 1935, Serial No. 48,412
'7 Claims.
This invention relates to new and useful im
provements in toy looms for use in weaving de
signs and other objects from variously colored
yarns, strips of cloth, strings of beads and the
5 like.
' The principal object of the present invention
is to providea device of the character set forth
which is novelly constructed to eliminate inter
weaving of the weft and warps and therefore per
mits .a comparatively young child to operate the
same.
Another object of the invention‘ is to provide a
device of the stated character which is of rela
tively rugged, simple construction and compara
15 tively inexpensive to manufacture.
Other objects of the invention and the fea
tures and details of construction thereof are set
forth hereinafter and shown in the accompany
ing drawings, in which:
20
Fig. 1 is a view in perspective embodying the
present
invention.
v
I
'
‘
Fig. 2 is a view in side elevation of the device
showing the movable warp threads in one oper
ative position.
‘
Fig. 4 is .a fragmentary view in elevation show
ing a modi?cation of the mounting for the mov~
530 able warps; and
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view in perspective
showing certain details of constructionv of the
device.
arranged so that each thereof is ‘in co-axial align
ment with the groove 4 in the upper end of a
corresponding element 3 and a second set of sim
ilar grooves 9 are also formed in the upper sur
face of said cross member 6 in the spaces lying‘
between adjacent grooves 8 therein and parallel
with respect thereto, the purpose for which will
be set forth hereinafter.
A plurality of stationary or ?xed warps I0 ex
tend ‘between the aforementioned cross member
6 ‘and elements 3 and are attached or otherwise
secured to any suitable means such as a hook Ii
mounted on the upper surface of the base I .adja*
cent the right-hand end thereof with respect to H
Figs. 2 and 3 of the drawings. The warps iii are ‘
threaded or strung between the member 6 and
elements 3 by first securing one end of the thread
or string to the hook II. The thread or string
is the'ninserted in the groove 8 adjacent one end
of said member 6 and carried over and through
the groove 4 in the corresponding element 3
which is in alignment with said groove 8. The
string is then passed about the element 3 as shown
in Fig. 1 of the drawings, being supported at the
_
Fig. 3 is a view similar to the disclosure in
Fig. 2 showing the movable warp threads in an
other operable position. '
(Cl. 139-33)
.
Referring now more particularly to the draw
‘ ings, a toy loom made in accordance with the
present invention comprises a substantially flat
rectangular base structure I having feet or the
like 2 secured adjacent the several corners at
the under side thereof. A plurality of elements
desired elevation above the base I by means of ‘
the transverse undercut portions 5 at the lower
end of the vertical slots 4 in said element 3. The
string is then returned through the same grooves
4 and 8 in a reverse direction and engaged by
the hook I I. The warps Ill are threaded between 30
the remaining grooves 8 in the member 6 and
the aligned grooves 4 in the elements 3 in a man~
. ner similar to that‘ just described.
In the present instance angular frame mem
bers I2 are pivotally mounted on the cross mem» '
ber 6 by engaging an inwardly turned end portion
I3 of each thereof with suitably formed sockets ill
in the opposite end faces of said cross member 6,
said end portions I3 being arranged to ?t snugly
3 are mounted‘vertically on the upper surface
within said sockets I4 so that the frame ele
of the base I and arranged in alignment .at equally
spaced intervals with respect to each other trans
ments I2 will be retained in the position to which
versely of said base and adjacent one end thereof.
Each of the elements 3 is provided with a vertical
' slot 4 in the upper end thereof which is disposed
lengthwise of the base i and undercut laterally
or transversely at its lower end as indicated at
5 in Fig. 5.
A cross member 6 is ?xedly mounted on sup
50 ports or uprights ‘I in horizontally spaced rela
tion with respect to the upper surface of the base
I adjacent the opposite end thereof from the
elements 3 and parallel to the latter. A plurality
of grooves 8 are formed at equally spaced inter
vals in the upper surface of the member 6 and
the same may be pivoted. The opposite end por
tions of the frame members I2 extend down
wardly as at I5 substantially at right-angles with
respect to the central or mid-portion 56 thereof 45
and a second cross member l'I having a handle I8
and arranged for movement with the frame mem
bers I 2 relative to the cross member 6, is secured
intermediate the extremities of said end portions
I5 which turn inwardly and snugly engage sock 50
ets formed in the opposite end faces of said cross
member I'I, said opposite end faces being also
provided with a vertical groove therein for en
gagement by adjacent portions of the ends I5 to
prevent relative rotation of the cross member I‘! 55
2
2,110,822
with respect to the frame members l2. A plu
rality of grooves l9 are formed at equally spaced
intervals in the upper surface of the member I‘!
and arranged so that each thereof is in substan
tial alignment with the grooves 9 in the top sur
face of the stationary cross member 6, said grooves
l9 communicating with a groove l'l-a formed in
the outer face of the cross member I'l longitu
dinally thereof which functions to retain the
warps 20 in the desired relationship with respect
to each other and said cross member II.
movable warps 20 are pivoted on the frame mem
bers l2 to the position shown in Fig. 3 of the
drawings, and the weft passed inwardly of the
open angle intermediate the warps l0 and 20 so
that the same is positioned transversely with re
spect thereto adjacent the cross member 6. The
A particular feature of the invention resides
movable warps 20 are then pivoted downwardly
in the provision of a plurality of warps 20 which
to the position shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings
are arranged in alternately spaced relation with
below the warps l0 and the shuttle carrying the
15 respect to the aforementioned stationary or ?xed
same weft or one of another color is similarly 15
warps l0 and extend between the stationary cross
member 6 and the cross member I‘! carried by the
passed transversely between the warps l0 and 29
through the opening provided therebetween. The
frame member l2, said warps 20 being pivotable
therewith. The warps 2B are threaded through
movable warp threads 20 are then again posi
tioned above the warps l0 and the weft is in
serted inwardly of the open angle afforded be
tween the warps adjacent the preceding weft
extending transversely thereof and so on until
the design is completed. The wefts should be
forced in the direction of the stationary cross
member 6 periodically during the weaving of a 25
design to render the latter more compact and any
20 the grooves 9 in the upper surface of the station
ary member 6 and the aligned grooves IS in the
movable cross member 11 in a manner substan
tially similar to that described above in connec
tion with the threading of the stationary warps
25 It], the said warps 20 being attached or other
wise secured to the hook it! on the upper surface
of the base l. By the foregoing construction it
will be observed that the frame members I 2, cross
member I‘! and the warps 20 carried thereby may
be pivoted with respect to the ?xed cross member
6 and the warps ill to posiitons both above and
below the latter at an acute angle with respect
thereto.
If desirable, the frame members l2 and the
35 cross member I‘! carried thereby may be pivot
suitable means such as a comb or ruler may be
effectively employed for this purpose. It will
be seen therefore that by alternately positioning
the movable warps 20 above and below the warps
ID for each traverse of the weft, the same may
be freely passed between the warps and a child
may readily weave any desirable design or other
object without the necessity of inter-weaving the
weft alternately above and below the successively 35
ally mounted with respect to the stationary cross
adjacent warps‘.
member 6 in the manner shown in Fig. 4 of the
While a speci?c embodiment of the invention
and the manner of stringing the warps has been
set forth and illustrated for descriptive purposes,
it is not intended that the invention be precisely 40
limited to the disclosure herein but that changes
and modifications may be made in the details of
construction thereof and the manner of thread
ing the warps within the scope of the annexed
drawings, and referring particularly to said Fig.
4 it will be seen that said frame members are
40 in this instance of substantially inverted U-shape,
having the right-hand end portions thereof de
pending downwardly as indicated at 2| in a man
ner similar to the opposite end portions l5 there
of, said frame members being pivoted to the op
posite end faces of the stationary cross member
6 by means of pins 22 which extend through
apertures formed in the bend of said frame mem
bers l2 intermediate said depending portions 2!
and the central or mid-portions l6 thereof. In
the present instance the extremities of the de
pending end portions 2! engage friction plates
23 secured to the base I at a predetermined
point along the side edges thereof for the purpose
of retaining the frame members [2 and movable
warps 26 carried thereby in the angular position
55
to which the same may be pivoted with respect
to the warps Hi. In the present instance stops
24 may or may not be provided adjacent the fric
tion plates 23 for engagement by the end por
60 tions 2| of the frame members l2 as desired.
By pivotally mounting the Warp strips 2|] in
the foregoing manner so that the same may be
65
warps ID as shown in Fig. 2, substantial clear
ance is afforded for relatively free passage of the
weft shuttle therebetween.
In operation of the loom to weave designs or
other objects from variously colored yarns the
positioned both above and below the plane of the
stationary warps l9, passage of the weft trans
versely with respect to the warps is greatly fa
claims.
I claim:
1. In a toy loom, the combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of supporting means
mounted thereon in relatively spaced relation, a
45
plurality of stationary warps extending between 50
said supporting means in parallel spaced rela
tion, a cross member, other warps extending be
tween one of the supporting means and said cross
member in alternately spaced relation with re
spect to the ?rst mentioned warps, and frame 55
members connected to said cross member and
frictionally engaging recesses in one of said sup
porting means so that said other warps may be
pivoted to positions at either side of the ?rst
mentioned warps and remain in the position to 60
which pivoted.
2. In a toy loom, the combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of supporting means
mounted thereon in relatively spaced relation, a
plurality of stationary warps extending therebe
65
cilitated, and by further constructing the mov
tween in parallel spaced relation, a cross mem
able warp assembly so that the same is sup
ported at one end thereof said weft may be passed
her, a movable frame structure comprising side
members connected to said cross member, and
a plurality of other warps extending between one
of said supporting means and the cross member 70
in alternately spaced relation with respect to
the first mentioned stationary warps for move
ment with said frame structure to positions at
either side of the first, mentioned warps, said
side members including end portions depending 75
freely into the open angle and between the warps
l6 and 20 respectively when the latter are in the
70
position shown in Fig. 3, thus eliminating the
necessity for inter-weaving of the weft with re
spect to the warps and rendering operation of the
loom comparatively easy for younger children.
When
the warps 20 are in a position below the
75
3
2,1 10,822
toward said cross member in a direction bearing
upon that taken by the cross member when
through the grooves in each thereof, and frame
members connected to said second cross member
approaching said base structure.
and pivotally mounted with respect to said ?rst
3. In a toy loom, a combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of a plurality of vertical
cross member so that said other warps may be
members supported by said structure, a cross
member also supported by the base structure in
parallel spaced relation to said vertical members,
a plurality of spaced parallel warps extending be
tween said cross member and the vertical mem
bers, a second cross member, other warps extend
ing between the ?rst mentioned cross member
and said second cross member in alternately
spaced relation with respect to the ?rst men
15 tioned warps, and frame members connected to
said second cross member and frictionally en
gaging recesses in said ?rst cross member so that
said other warps may be pivoted to positions at
either side of the ?rst mentioned warps and
20 remain in the position to which pivoted.
4. In a toy loom, a combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of a plurality of vertical
members supported by said structure, a cross
member also supported by the base structure in
parallel spaced relation to said vertical members,
a plurality of spaced parallel warps extending
between said cross member and the vertical
members, a second cross member, other warps
extending between the ?rst mentioned cross
30 member and said second cross member in alter
nately spaced relation with respect to the ?rst
mentioned warps, and frame members connect
ed to said second cross member and pivotally
mounted with respect to said ?rst cross member
so that said other warps may be pivoted to posi
tions at either side of the ?rst mentioned warps,
said frame members including end portions de
pending toward the second cross member in a
direction bearing upon that taken by said sec
40 ond cross member when approaching the base
structure.
5. In a toy loom, the combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of a plurality of vertical
members having vertical grooves in the upper
45 ends thereof supported by said structure, a cross
pivoted to positions at either side of the ?rst
mentioned warps, said frame members being fric
tionally mounted so that the same will remain
in the position to which pivoted.
'
6. In a toy loom, the combination with ‘a struc
ture constituting a base, of a plurality of vertical
members havingvertical grooves in the upper
ends thereof supported by said structure, a cross
member also supported by the base structure
in spaced relation to said vertical members, said
cross member having grooves therein arranged so 15
that every other one thereof is in substantial
alignment with the grooves in said vertical mem
bers, a plurality of warps extending between said
cross member and vertical members through the
grooves in each thereof, a second cross member 20
having grooves therein arranged in substantial
alignment with the remaining grooves in the ?rst
cross member, other warps extending between
the ?rst mentioned cross member and said sec
ond cross rnlember through the grooves in each
thereof, and frame members connected to said
second cross member and pivoted on said ?rst
cross member so that said other warps may be
pivoted to positions at either side of the ?rst
mentioned warps.
7. In a toy loom, the combination with a struc
ture constituting a base, of a plurality of vertical
members having vertical grooves in the upper
ends thereof supported by said structure, a cross
member also supported by the base structure 35
and spaced from said vertical members, said cross
member having grooves therein arranged so that
every other one thereof is in substantial align
ment with the grooves in said vertical members,
a plurality of warps extending between said cross 40
member and vertical members through the
grooves in each thereof, a second cross member
having grooves therein arranged in substantial
alignment with the remaining grooves in the ?rst
cross member, other warps extending between 45
member also supported by the base structure
the ?rst mentioned cross member and said sec
in parallel spaced relation to said vertical mem
bers, said cross member having grooves therein
ond cross member through the grooves in each
thereof, and frame members connected to said
second cross member and. having their other
ends pivotally mounted with respect to said ?rst
arranged so that every other one thereof is in
50 substantial alignment with the grooves in the
vertical members, a plurality of warps extending
between the cross member and said vertical
members through the grooves in each thereof,
a second cross member having grooves therein
55 arranged in substantial alignment with the re
maining grooves in the ?rst cross member, other
warps extending between said ?rst mentioned
cross member and said second cross member
cross member so that said other warps may be
pivoted to positions at either side of the ?rst
mentioned warps, said frame members including
end portions depending toward the second cross
member in a direction bearing upon that taken 55
by said second cross member when approaching
the base structure.
INGHAM S. ROBERTS.
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