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Патент USA US2110843

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March 8, 1938.
D. SCHMIDT
- 2,110,843
DESTRUCTIBLE OILA CONTAINER
Filed Aug. 7, 193e
ATTO RN EY
Patented Mar. 8, 1938
2,110,843
yUNITED STATES
.
`
PATENT oFFlcE '
n E-l-s s U En
2,110,843
nEs'rnUcTmLE on. CONTAINER
David Schmidt, Lalîxewood, Ohio, assignor to The
Nov 11 1941
Dobeckmun Company, Cleveland, Ohio, a cor
poration of Ohio
Application August 7, 1936, Serial No. 94,776
3 Claims, l(Cl. 229-14)
The present invention relates to the manufac
erably formed of a pluralityI of plica-two plies I'
ture of a container, the body portion of which is and Ib being illustrated. The plies, whether two
made of a paper stock, preferably cardboard, or more, are adhesively secured together ani. ¿aid *
chipboard, or similar materials, it being the pur
with the seams out of register. This form of
6 pose to devise a container, the major portion of cardboard tubing is old and well known.
which can be destroyed easily, as by burning.
The» oil resistant properties are secured by an
The especial purpose of the invention has been inner lining of an oil proof sheet which is.
to provide a container of this type in which motor indicated by the numeral 2. This is preferably a
oil could be packaged and shipped. The retail sheet made from regenerated cellulose sheeting,
10 sale of oil from bulk has been recently supplanted' known by the trade name “Ce'llophane”, or equiv 10
by the sale of oil from individual cans, so that the alent material, such, for example, as any. cellu
customer is assured of receiving standard brands loslc or other film which is oil proof. These ma
and qualities of oil. 'I'his practice has given rise _Iterials which are well known- oil resistant sub- _'
to a number of objectionable features, a major stances, have the added advantage that they
15 diiiiculty being the destruction of the empty con- ' --readily "shed” oil, so that the amounts previ 15
tainers.
The cans which are usually of tin, are y 'o_usly essential to give full measure in the old me
tallic cans, are reduced with the improved con
them is an expensive and troublesome operation. .
In addition, the oil tends to cling to the metal sur-`
It has been proposed heretofore to line a con
20 faces of the can and it is necessary that the man
tainer with “Cellophane” or similar materials, 20
-not easily destructible, and the disposition of
ufacturer place an additional quantity of oil in
each can to compensate the customer for the oil
which clings to the interior of the can.
It has been proposed heretofore, to construct
25 cans from paper stocks, but it has been diiiicult
to make an oil tight can due to the very “search
ing” property of oil.
`-‘
It is the purpose of the present invention to de
sign and construct a can of this type which will be
30 leak and seep proof, and the present inventor has
perfected such a container by the means slìown
and described herein. It will be understood that
the illustration and description is of the best
known or preferred form of the invention, and
35 that modifications and changes may be made re
taining the essential and characteristic features
of the invention.
’ In the drawing
.
‘
but the diiliculty has been in securing the proper
application and sealing of the inner lining. The
present construction secures this result, as will be
now set forth.`
`
The cil proof lining 2 is first secured to an inner 25
paper lining 3 by any of the usual laminating
processes suitable and well known for the pur
pose. ' The lining2 may be secured to the backing
3 by the well known thermoplastic cements. The
edge of the backing 3y is protected by folding the 30
oil proof sheet about the edge of the backing as
shown at I in Fig. 4. The paper which is em
ployed is readily adhered to the inner turns of
the body during the process o_f making. the‘tube, 35
-,
which is illustrated in Fig. 2.
It will be seen that the reversely folded edge
portion 4 overlaps the `adjacent edgeof the next
spiral turn and contacts with the oil proof lin
Fig. 1 is a vertical cross section through the im'
40 provedcontainer, illustrating the various features A ing on the next adjacent ply so that a seal is 40
thereof which have made it possible to construct
an oil proof container of this type;
.
made between two surfaces of the lining. This is
shown at 5 in Fig. 1 and is also illustrated in Fig.
2. The joint at this point is made by a suitable
Fig. 2 is a view showing the body of the can
broken away in the several plies or layers a'nd il _ adhesive which will resist the oil and will secure
ly adhere the opposed surfaces of the “Cello.
ß lustrating the constructional details thereof;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged View at the edge of the can phan ” or other lining. Such an adhesive may
showing the detailed construction whereby the
end of the can is fastened to the body; and
Fig. 4 is a detail of the oil proof inner lining.
5o
Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail drawing of the over
lapping spiral seam.
_
The container comprises the main or body por
tion l, which is formed of spirally wound layers or
plies of a heavy paper stock, such as cardboard.
ß strawbóard, chipboard. 'or the‘like. This is pref
be of the type previously described. A solution
of zinc chloride may be employed at this point,
as this material softens the surfaces of the oellu- -
lose sheets and causes the two surfaces to unite 50
into an oil proof seal.
.
I
'I'he- paper stock is thinfand iiexible so that'it '
may be readily wrapped about the usual mandrel'
or former. 'I'he showing in Fig. 1 is necessarily
vexaggerated for the purpose of adequately illus
2,110,843
trating the construction.
In fact, the seam is _
only slightly perceptible.
The container shown and described herein
forms an oil tight receptacle for the transporta
the essential features _of the invention which~
tion and storage of oil. It solves the problem
of providing a can, the body of which may be
The lining which has been described, is one of
consists in first laminating the oil proof liner
easily destroyed.
to a. paper backing and then incorporating this
and is cheaper and better in many ways than
compound sheet, as the inner ply of the con
the standard tin can which has been used for the
purpose.
tainer, adhering the backing sheet to the inner
It is more economical of oil
formed. AThe paper backing is relatively thin so
that the added thickness caused by the overlap
What is claimed is:
1. A destructible oilproof container compris
ing a.` body portion formed of spirally Wound
heavy paper stock, and an inner oil proof lining
ping is reduced to a minimum.
composed of a sheet of oil resistant material
Wall of the main body.
'I'here is no leakage or
10 seeping of oil through the spiral joint thus
This secures an ,
4 oilV tight joint at the ends of the can where a ' laminated to a thin paper backing, the com
15 relatively thick overlap would give rise to crevices posite sheet being spirally wound with its ad
through which the oil could seep.
The end of the container gives a serious prob
lem in the manufacture of a satisfactory oil
proof container. In the form shown, the ends
are closed by round metal caps or disks 6, the
outer peripheries of which are provided with
channels ‘I in which the edges of the container
are seated.
The rim of the disk is turned over to
provide the curled edge 18 and this is crimped
25 against the outer Wall.
The channel is made
somewhat deeper than is customary, and this
provides for an additional and supplemental
crimp ID about the can. A coating of a suitable
lute or filler I2 is applied about the inner wall of
30 the channel as a part of the sealing operation.
In the ordinary can of this type, the center of
the cap or disk is usually Within the plane of
the edge portion. It has been found that this
construction gives rise to leakage due to the
35 heavy character of the contents, as the weight
of the oil on the unsupported ~central area of the
disk causes it to spread at the seal. To obviate
this objectionable feature, the cap in the present
construction is supported byaextending it flush
with or slightly beyond the plane of the lower
edge of the can. Such an expedient is shown in
,I Fig. 1 in which the disk is formed >with a, cir
cular rib I4, which affords a support for the disk
and prevents spreading of the seam. Any suit
45 able formation of the disk may be adopted pro
vided that the Weight of the oil is prevented from
bending the disk outwardly.A
15
jacent edges in overlapped relation and adhe
sively secured to the inner body Wall, the edge of
the backing being enclosed in a reversely turned
fold of the oil proof material, Which reverse fold
is adhesively secured to the face of the oil proof
sheet immediately adjacent thereto.
2. A destructible oil proof container comprising
a body portion formed of paper stock, and an
inner oil proof lining composed of a sheet of oil
resistant material laminated to» a thin paper 25
backing, the composite lining being spirally
Wound with its adjacent edges in overlapped rela
tion and attached to the inner body Wall, the
edge oi the‘backing being enclosed in a reversely
turned fold of the oil proof material, which re 30
verse fold is adhesively secured to the face of the
oil proof sheet immediately adjacent thereto.
3. A destructible oil proof container comprising
a body portion formed of a heavy` paper stock,
and an inner oil proof lining composed of a sheet 35
of relatively thin paper and a regenerated cellu
lese sheeting laminated thereto with an edge of
the thin paper enclosed in a reversely turned
laminated fold of the cellulose sheeting, the lin
ing being spirally wound with its adjacent edges 40
in overlapped relation and the reversely turned
portion of the cellulose sheeting adhesively se
cured tothe face of the sheeting on the next p
adjacent turn, said lining being secured to the
45
I inner body wall.
DAVID SCHMIDT.
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