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Патент USA US2110857

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March l5, 1938.
H. F. GARMAN ET A1,
2,110,357
TABULATING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 15, 193s
„94
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çHEIR ATTORNEY
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March 15, 1938.
H. F. GARMAN E-r Al.
2,110,857
TABULATING MACHINE
Filed Feb. 15, 1933
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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REVENUE
WEIGHT
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2369
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3358
358.26
2490
‘
407.14
2070
808.29
. 2745
901
234
358.26
2490
234
567
93.80
3604
INVEr;r;RS
THÉIR ' ArroRNEY
Examiner
61.8!
Marçh 15, 1938.
H. F. GARMAN ET AL
2,110,857
TABULATING MACHINE
Filed Feb. l5, 1933
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
FIGS.
139
FIGB.
STATIONS
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234
123
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123
587
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,
REVENUE
WEIGHT
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46.905
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587*
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1780*
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March 15, 1938.
H. F. GARMAN ET AL
2,110,857
TABULATING. MACHINE
Filed Feb. l5, 1935
4_Sheets-Sheet 4
-îïj FIG.7.
79
N
ORô
61. 9
.Patented Mar. 15, 1938
4 2,110,857
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,110,857
TABULATING MACHINE
Hugh F. Garman, Detroit, Mich., and Herbert H.
Woodruff, Cleveland, Ohio, assignors, by mesne
assignments, to International Business Ma
chines Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corpo
ration of New York
Application February 15, 1933, Serial No. 656,868
17 Claims.
The present invention relates to improvements
in tabulating machines, and more particularly re
fers to machines of the type disclosed in Letters
Patent of the United States No. 1,822,594, issued
September 8, 1931 to C. D. Lake.
Machines of the type disclosed in this patent
are well known in the art and are adapted to
analyze record cards having control points or
perforations thereon. Such machines, after an
alyzing the control points, may print all or a
part of the data on a suitable record material or
they may print data from each card and the total
of such data for each group by cards. They may
accumulate the data from successive cards, print
ing the total accumulated from all of the cards,
or from a particular group of cards.
These ma
chines are quite flexible and other similar com
binations may be effected.
In the machines disclosed in the above men
2o tioned patent, the group numbers as taken from
the card directly control the printing mechanism
of the machine to print the group number from
the ñrst card of each group. After the first card
of a group has been analyzed and the group
'
25
numbers thereof printed, the machine proceeds
successively- to analyze the remainder of the
cards in that group and upon a change of group
designating numbers the tabulating machine
automatically is brought to a stop and a total
30 taking and resetting operation is initiated to
print the total standing on the accumulator which
total is the total data accumulated from the
group, and to reset the totalizers to zero.
One object of the present invention is the pro
vision for printing the group number from the
first card of each group while suppressing the
printing of the total data accumulated from said
group until the total of said data has reached a
predetermined amount.
Another object is the provision for printing the
group number from the first card of each group
and suppressing the resetting of the totalizers
until a predetermined amount has been accumu
lated thereonA
I
Still another obîect of the instant invention
is the provision of means operated under the
control nf the accumulator wheels to suppress
reading the accumulator until the total standing
thereon has reached a predetermined amount.
A further object is to suppress resetting the ac
cumulator until the total standing thereon has
reached a predetermined amount.
Various other objects and advantages of the
invention will be obvious from the following par
ticular description of one form of mechanism
embodying the invention or from an inspection of
the accompanying drawings; and the invention
also constitutes certain new and novel features
of construction and combination of parts here
inafter set forth and claimed.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front view of the accumulator sec
tion of the machine showing a part of the reset
mechanism.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of a part of the 10
accumulator wheels showing the relation of the
control bail thereto.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the accumulator
section of the machine.
Fig. 4 is a facsimile of the record prepared on
the machine.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the printing sec~
tion of the machine.
Fig. 6 is a facsimile of a record prepared on a
tabulator not provided with our device; and
Fig. 7 is a conventional illustration of the cir 20
cuit diagram.
'
General description
In order to understand the significance of the
25
instant invention as applied to a machine of the
type disclosed in the above mentioned patent, it
should be borne in mind that such machines are
adapted to be controlled to make listing oper
ation and tabulating operation. The machine is
controlled for listing operation to print the in 30
dividual items with the group numbers and then
prints the totals of the items without printing
the group numbers. When controlled for tabu
lating operations, the group numbers and totals 35
only are printed. A facsimile of a record sheet
prepared on a machine controlled as set forth
above is illustrated in Fig. 6.
In certain organizations it is not desired to
print the total of each group unless the total is 40
equal to or greater than a predetermined amount.
In this case the group number is printed when
the ñrst card of each group is tabulated, but the
total for the groups is not printed unless it equals
or exceeds the predetermined amount. 'I'he ma 45
chine will continue tabulating successive groups
of cards, printing the group number of each
group, until the amount accumulated equals or
exceeds the predetermined amount, whereupon,
the machine is automatically controlled to make 50
a total printing and resetting operation during
which the total is read from the accumulator, and
printed in line with the last printed group num
ber, and the totalizer then reset to zero.
As an
example tor illustrative purposes let it be as
55
.
2,110,857
2
sumed, that a machine embodying the present in
vention is to be used in a railroad freight office
wherein records are made of freight shipments
including, the stations from and to which each
shipment isy made, the weight of each shipment
and the revenue derived therefrom.
Figure 4 is
a facsimile of a record prepared on such a ma
chine.
In this case the railroad does not wish to re
10 cord the weight of, and revenue derived from in
dividual or group shipments of less than, for
instance, 2,000 pounds. However, it is desired to
indicate the shipping point and destination of
each group or shipment. By using our device
15 on a tabulating machine, characters designating
the stations for each group are printed, but the
total revenue and the total weight for each group
are not printed until the total accumulated weight
equals 2,000 pounds or more.
20
Referring to Figure 6 it will be noted that the
two left hand columns are marked “Stations”,
“From” and “To”, the next column to the right
is marked “Revenue” and the right hand column
is marked “Weight”, In the station column
25 marked “From” characters are printed indicat
ing the station from which the shipment was
made, and similar characters are printed in the
station column marked “To” indicating the des
tination of the shipment. On the facsimile (Fig.
30 6) there are printed opposite the station designa
of a group of contacts and relays indicated gen
erally at Il.
When the machine is operated by the tabulat
ing machine motor TM, the usual tabulating cards
bearing differentially arranged index points or
perforations, are fed past sets of upper analyzing
brushes UB and then, exactly one card cycle
later the cards are fed past lower analyzing
brushes LB.
10
As the perforated cards are fed past the lower
brushes the perforations thereon permit instan
taneous closing of circuits to energize accumula
tor magnets |2. The timed energization of these
magnets control mechanism well known in the
art, to enter data interpreted from the card onto
the accumulator wheels.
The accumulator is of the typedisclosed in U. S.
Patent No. 1,379,268 issued to C. D. Lake, May 24,
1921, and which includes gears l5 (Fig. 3), rotat 20
ably mounted on a reset shaft I6 suitably sup
ported in the machine. These gears mesh with
and are driven, under the control of the mag
nets I2, by gears |1 mounted on a shaft I8. An
indicator Wheel |9, having indicia engraved, or 25
otherwise suitably marked thereon, is secured to
each of the accumulator gears |5 to enable the
operator to read the data standing on the accum
ulator, directly therefrom through a convenient
sight opening 20 in the casing 2|.
The printing mechanism (Fig. 5) is substan
tions for each group or shipment, the revenue and
weight. For instance, on the first line a shipment
tially the same as that fully disclosed in Lake
was made from station 890 to station |23 weigh
ing 567 pounds and from which shipment a reve
Patent No. 1,822,594 and, described briefly, in
cludes a plurality of type elements 22 slidably
35 nue of $89.12 was received.
The second line re
cords a shipment from station 234 to station 561
comprising 1802 pounds of freight which brought
the railroad a revenue of $46.90. Line 3 indicates
that the next group of cards run through the
40 tabulating machine represent a shipment of 1780
pounds from station |23 to station 456, the reve
nue therefor being $24.68. It will be noted that
each of these shipments were less than 2,000
pounds.
45
is driven by a reset motor RM4 under the control
.
Referring now to Figure 4, which represents
a record sheet prepared on our improved tabu
Iating machine, it will be noted that the same
station numbers are printed on the ñrst three
lines in columns 1 and 2 as are set forth above.
50 However, neither the revenue nor the weight of
the ñrst shipment were printed on the ñrst line
since the Weight was less than 2,000 pounds.
These amounts are entered into the totalizers
but since the total weight at the end of the group
55 was less than 2,000 pounds the total printing was
suppressed.
During the listing of the second group the total
weight accumulated on the totalizer passed 2,000
pounds. At the next group change, therefore,
60 under the control of the mechanism comprising
the present invention, the weight and revenue
totalizers are cleared and the totals standing
thereon printed in the proper columns.
In case the Weights represented by two groups
f of cards do not bring the total Weight to 2,000
pounds or more, the next group is accumulated,
and as many additional groups as are necessary
to bring the total Weight to 2,000 pounds.
The circuit diagram (Fig. 7) is substantially
70 the same as that shown in the above mentioned
Lake patent.
mounted in the enlarged upper end of a type car
35
rier 23. The type carrier is guided near its up
per and lower ends to permit vertical movement
for the purpose of selecting the type elements 22
for operation.
To effect the vertical reciprocatory movement 40
of the type carrier 23 on tabulating operations a
cam 24, secured on a shaft 25, is provided with a
cam groove 26 embracing an anti-friction roller
21 on an arm 28 pivoted on a shaft 29.
An ad
justing screw 30 carried by the arm 28 cooper
ates with one arm of a lever 36 fast on the shaft
29. A short link 31 connects an arm 38 also fast
on the shaft 29 to a printer cross head 39. Guide
bars 40 are provided to guide the cross head 39
in its vertical travel.
The configuration of the cam groove 26 is such
that upon one rotation of the cam 24 it imparts
to the arm 28, the lever 36. shaft 29 and the arm
38 an invariable excursion first clockwise and
then counterclockwise to normal position.
This movement is communicated by the link
31 to the cross-head 39 imparting thereto a ver
tically reciprocatory movement.
,
The cross-head 39 is actuated on total printing
operations by a cam 4| and a total shaft 42.
This cam 4| cooperates with a roller on an arm 43
pivoted on the shaft 29. A projection on the arm
43 cooperates with an adjusting screw on the
other arm of the lever 38. Thus, on total print
ing operations, the cam 4| acting through the
arm 43 rocks the lever 36, shaft 29 and the arm
38 to impart to the printer cross-head 39 its
regular excursion.
The type carriers 23 rest on spring held ñn
gers |43 pivotally supported on projections |39
During tabulating operations the
forming a part of the cross-head 39 so that the
machine is driven by a tabulating motor TM
(Fig. 7) under the control of the usual cam con
trolled and relay controlled circuits indicated gen
type carriers travel upwardly with the cross-head
for the purpose of carrying the type elements 22
past a printing point on a platen 42 in synchro
nism with the passage of the card by the lower
75 erally at I0. During reset operations the machine
30
45
2,110,857
3
particular type 22 corresponding to the differen
automatically from a tabulating cycle or opera
tion into a total printing operation, and from
a total printing operation into the tabulation of
the next succeeding card group.
The mechanism whereby a total printing and
tial location of the control point on the card in
resetting operation is initiated automatically will
printing position.
now be briefly described.
brushes LB (Fig. 7). Ii', as the card travels past
the lower brushes, a control point comes into
registry with one of the brushes the upward
travel of the type carrier is arrested with the
The device for arresting the upward movement
of the type carriers 23 in synchronism with the
10 passage of the card by the brushes LB and, on
total printing operations, in accordance with the
amount standing on the accumulator wheels in
cludes a spring pressed stop pawl 44 (Fig. 5) nor
mally held in ineffective position by a detent 45.
Both the stop pawl 44 and the detent 45 are piv
otally supported on a cross bar 46 suitably sup
ported in the machine.
A link 41 connects the
detent 45 with an armature 48 associated with a
printer magnet 49. It is to be understood that
there is a type carrier 23 and a printer magnet
49 for each denominational order of the ac
cumu-lator.
When the printer magnet 49 is energized either
under the control of a card or on total printing
25 operations, under the control of the usual impulse
emitter 50 (Fig. 7) controlled by the totalizers,
it attracts the armature 48 (Fig. 5). This draws
the link 41 toward the right (Fig. 5) rocking the
detent 45 counterclockwise to release the stop
30 paw] 44 which, under the inñuence of its spring,
immediately engages the proper one of a series
of notches in the right hand edge of the type
carriers 23 in order to stop the carrier in a posi
tion commensurate, on tabulating operations,
with the position of the control point on the card,
or, on total printing operations, in a position com
mensurate to the setting of the corresponding
accumulator gear I5.
Group control
It is well known in the art that machines of
this type may be organized to automatically stop
the listing or tabulating operation and to start
a total printing operation when the control per
forations on two successive cards do not agree.
'I‘he means for initiating such an automatic group
control involves a group control circuit such as
is disclosed in the above referred to Lake Patent
No. 1,822,594, which circuit, described briefly in
cludes magnets 5| and contacts 52 (Fig. 7) adapt
ed to be plugged between the upper and lower
brushes. The purpose of the contacts 52 is to
open after the magnets 5| are energized in order
to take the arc from the brushes. Energization
of the magnets 5| closes corresponding contacts
53, thus establishing the so-called control cir~
cuit which extends serially through all contacts
53. This circuit is established in each card cycle
so long as the control perforations on each two
So long as this control
(il successive cards agree.
circuit is made the machine will continue unin
terruptedly to tabulate the cards passing through
the machine.
However, if one or more group control per
- forations do not agree on two successive cards,
the corresponding magnets 5| are not energized
and their contacts 53 are not permitted to close.
Thus the group control circuit is o-pen and at the
end of the card cycle the machine is controlled to
initiate a total printing operation, during which
operation, the amount standing on the totalizer
wheels I5 (Fig. 3) is read off from the wheels,
set up on the type carriers 23 (Fig. 5) and print
ed. The totalizer is then reset to zero.
The machine may be controlled to proceed
When one or more group control numbers or
perforations on two successive cards do not agree
and the corresponding contacts 53 remain open, 10
as above set forth, a magnet 6|, known herein
as the -“Group control magnet”, becomes de
energized upon opening of test contacts 62 near
the end of a tabulating operation. The magnet
6| is normally energized on tabulating opera
tions, holding its armature 63 against the upper
contact to maintain magnets 65 and 66 deen
ergized. So long as the magnet 65 is deenergized
an operating circuit is maintained through the
tabulating motor. This circuit extends through
the tabulating motor TM, a start relay coil |60,
the clutch coils 11, motor relay coil |6|, contacts
|62 closed upon energization of coil |6| to form
a holding circuit for said coil, upper card lever
contacts |63, the contacts of coil 65, wire |64, the
normally closed stop key contacts |65, cam con
tacts P3 to the other side of the line. This cir
cuit maintains the tabulating machine motor TM
running as long as cards are passing the upper
card lever.
However, when a group change Occurs and the
magnet 6| is deenergized, its armature 63 drops
into contact with the lower contact energizing
the magnets 64 and 65. The magnet 65, when en
ergized, attracts its armature thus opening the -
circuit through the tabulating motor TM. This
deenergizes clutch magnets `|`| permitting con
tacts 'I8 to close establishing a starting circuit
through the reset motor RM, whereupon, at the
end of the current tabulating operation, the ma
chine proceeds into a resetting and total print
ing operation. The starting circuit through the
reset motor RM extends as follows: Through the
reset motor RM, reset clutch magnets |66, con
tacts 18, wire |61, cam contacts L| now closed,
automatic reset switch, stop key contacts |65,
cam contacts P3 to the other side of the line.
Energization of clutch magnets |66 closes con
tacts |68 setting up a holding circuit through the
reset motor RM, clutch magnets |66, contacts
|68, wire |69, cam contacts L2 to the other side
of the line. This circuit keeps the reset motor
operating until just before ythe end of the reset
cycle when contacts LPT, close deenergizing mag
nets 64 and 65 which drop their armature clos
ing their respective contacts. This sets up a
shunt circuit around the reset clutch magnets
IE6 through contacts Pl closed shortly after the
beginning of the reset cycle, contacts 64a, wire
|69, contacts L2 to the other side of the line, 60
deenergizing the reset clutch magnets |66. This
opens the contacts |68, the reset motor, however,
continues to run until the end of the reset cycle
when the cam contacts PI open.
If the “auto
start” switch is closed the tabulating motor TM
will again be energized when the relay 65 is de~ 65
energized closing its contacts 65a, and when the
P3 contacts are closed near the end of the reset
cycle.
In order to read off the total standing on the
totalizer a frame 54 (Fig. 3) secured on a rock 70
shaft 55 receives an invariable excursion first
counterclockwise and then clockwise to normal
position at each total printing operation.
The
shaft 55 may receive its oscillatory movement
75
2,110,857
from any suitable source preferably that disclosed
in the above mentioned Lake patent.
A number of feeler fingers 56 are loosely mount
cd on the shaft 55 and are resiliently urged
counterclockwise against the bail |54 of the frame
54 by springs 51 each having one end secured to
an angular plate |55 fast on the bail |54 and
the other end anchored to a projection (not
shown) on the rear end of its corresponding
finger 56. At their outer or free ends the fingers
56 carry adjusting screws 58.
Stepped cams 59 mounted on a shaft 60 are
adapted to rotate in the planes of the correspond
ing screws 58 (see Fig. 1). Gears 66 attached to
the cams 59 mesh with the gears |1 which in
turn mesh with the totalizer gears 15. Thus the
gears 66 and the cams 59 are set to positions cor
responding to the setting of the totalizer gears.
As the shaft 55 rocks counterclockwise, the
fingers 56, due to the springs 51, are carried
therewith until the screws 5B come intov contact
with and are arrested by the stepped cams 59.
The frame 54 continues its invariable excursion
carrying therewith a contact 61 mounted on the
lv LA
rearwardly extending part of said frame. When
the movement of the fingers 56 is arrested by
contact of its screw 58 with the corresponding
cam 59, the contact 61, continuing its counter
clockwise movement with the frame 54 about
pivot 55, wipes onto the curved end of an arm
68 carried by but insulated from the now ar
rested finger 56. This, by means of another con
tact 69, closes a circuit through the printer mag
nets 49 (Figs. 5 and 7) for that denominational
order, and, since the ñnger frame 54 is rocked in
synchronism with the upward movement of the
type carrier 23, the movement of said type car
rier is arrested as the particular type correspond
ing to the setting of the totalizer gear arrives at
40 the printing point. The total standing on the
totalizer is then printed and the totalizer then
reset to zero in the usual well known manner.
Before the printer magnets 49 can be energized
on total printing operations it is necessary to
close contacts 18 (Figs. 1 and 7), a pair of which
contacts is-associated with each counter. The
contacts 10 normally are closed manually as a
preliminary to operation of the machine when it
is desired to automatically initiate a total print
50 ing and resetting operation upon the occurrence
of a group change. This is accomplished by
shifting the knurled collar 1| (Fig. 1) toward the
right to couple the reset shaft 12 to the reset
gear 13. An annular groove 14 in the coupling
55 15 embraces one arm of a bell crank 16 rocking
said bell crank clockwise. The rounded end of
the other arm of the bell crank, upon clockwise
movement thereof, closes the contacts 19.
However, if the total printing and resetting are
60 controlled by the manually set knobs 1|, the
totals will be printed and the totalizers reset at
each card -group change. Since it is an object
of this invention to suppress total printing and
resetting the totalizers until the weight of ship
65 ments equals or exceeds 2,000 lbs., other means
is provided to operate the reset clutches 15 (Fig.
1) and to prevent ènergization of the printer mag
nets 49 until the card group change succeeding
the accumulation of 2,000 or more on the weight
totalizer.
This means includes magnets 19 (Figs. 1 and
'7). Means is provided under the control of the
weight totalizer to energize the magnets 19 there
by to effect automatically the energization of
75 the printer magnets when the registered weight
equals or exceeds 2,000 pounds. This means in
cludes a magnet 86 and a magnet 81. These
magnets are wired in series and are connected
to the line through a normally closed switch 88
and are adapted to be energized through a pair
of contacts 89 operated by the weight totalizer.
The contacts 89 are closed when the 1000 de
nominational order totalizer wheel passes from
1 to 2 by mechanism to be described later. These
contacts when closed set up a circuit through
the switch 88, magnet 86, magnet 81, contacts
89, wires 85 and 92 to the other side of the line.
This circuit energizes magnets 86 and 81.
It may be stated here that by opening the
switch 88 the machine may be made to function 15
in its normal manner, printing the totals and
clearing the totalizers at each card group change.
Energization of the magnet 81 closes contacts
90 setting up a holding circuit through switch
88, magnet 86, magnet 81, contacts 90, cam 20
operated contacts 9| and wire 92 to the other side
of the line. This holds the magnet 86 energized
which holds its contacts 93 closed to energize
the magnets 19 upon closing of their respective
contacts LP8, LP9 and LP|0. These contacts
close early in a reset operation and remain closed
until near the end of the cycle.
It is to be understood that the magnets 86 and
81 Will not be energized, and consequently the
contacts 93 will not be closed to energize magnets
19 unless the contacts 89 are closed at some point
' during the tabulating of a group of cards, and, as
above stated this can only occur when the 1000
denominational order totalizer wheel of the
weight totalizer passes from 1 to 2. The mecha
nism whereby the contacts 89 are closed under the
above condition is described as follows:
A rock shaft 94 (Figs. 1 and 3) suitably sup
ported in the machine carries an arm 95 ex
tending horizontally toward the right (Fig. 3), 40
the free end of which arm rests above the in
sulated upper blade for the contacts 89. Two
arms 96 and 91 secured to the shaft 94 between
them carry a bail or rod 98 extending across the
planes of the stepped cams 59 for the 1000 to
10,000,000 denominational orders, inclusive.
Springs 99, only one of which is shown (Fig. 3),
urge the arms 96 and 91 and the rod 98 in a
counterclockwise direction, which movement is
limited by an arm |00 secured on the shaft 94 50
resting against a stop stud |0|.
Obviously clockwise movement of the bail 98,
shaft 94 and arm 95 from the positions in which
these parts appear in Figure 3 will close the con
tacts 89 thus setting up the condition to render 55
the total printing and resetting mechanism ef
fective as set forth above.
The stepped cams 59 are shown in their 0 posi
tion in Fig. 3, and when an amount is added
thereon, these elements are rotated counterclock GO
wise as viewed in this figure. It will be noted by
examination of Figures 2 and 3 that the rod 98
has a notch cut therein opposite the 1000 denom
inational order cam 59. Also that the bottom of
the notch is equi-distance with the next step on
the cam 59, which step represents the “8” posi
tion with respect to the feeler finger 56, from the
center of the shaft 60. Consequently the thou
sands cam plate 59 may be advanced one step to
add one thousand onto the totalizer without dis
turbing the rod 98. But if the thousands order
cam 59 is advanced to the “2” position the rising
face |02 between the “8” and “9” position on the
cam 59 rocks the rod 98, shaft 94 and arm 95
clockwise to close the contacts 89.
‘..Aulllllenw
61.9
2,110,857
Should the stepped cam 59 for the 1000 orders
be advanced from the “0” or “l” position to the
“3” position at one continuous movement the rod
98 and shaft 94 would be rocked clockwise to close
means controlled by the accumulating mechanism
the contacts 89, and then immediately counter
to make adding cycles and total taking cycles,
clockwise to normal again opening the contacts.
the combination of a totalizer on which to ac
However, this brief closing of contacts 89 is suiñ
cient to energize magnet 81 thus setting up the
holding circuit as set forth above.
Another condition may obtain by adding an
10
amount, for instance 10000 on the totalizer with
out disturbing the setting of the thousands ele
ment 59 from its zero position. By reference to
Figure 2 it will be noted that the rod 98 has no
15 notches opposite the remaining stepped cams 59
cooperating therewith. If any one of the higher
order cams 59 be rotated one step, the rise be
20
25
30
35
tween the “'l" and “8” positions of said cam
will immediately rock the rod 98, shaft 94 and arm
95 clockwise to close the contacts 89 for the above
stated purpose.
The contacts 9| (Fig. 7) are normally closed
in order that upon closing the contacts 89 by the
totalizer the holding circuit may be at once set
up, through the magnets 86 and 81. However, it
is necessary to break the holding circuit near the
end of the reset cycle, hence the contacts 9| whose
cam is timed to open said contacts at the proper
time. Just before the contacts 9| open, the mag
net 6| and a magnet |03 are energized by the clos
ing of contacts LP'I. The magnet |03 when en
ergized closes its contacts |04 which contacts are
wired parallel to the contacts 93 thus holding the
magnet 19 energized to maintain the clutches or
couplings 'l5 (Fig. l) in their adjusted positions
until the end of the resetting movement. The
magnets 19 are deenergized by their respective
cam contacts LP8, LPS and LP|0 (Fig. '7).
While there has been shown and described and
40 pointed out the fundamental novel features of the
invention as applied to a single modification, it
will be understood that various omissions and
substitutions and changes in the form and details
of the device illustrated and in its operation may
'45 be made by those skilled in the art without de
parting from the spirit of the invention. It is
the intention therefore to be limited only as indi
cated by the following claims.
50
5
What is claimed is:
1. In a machine of the class described, the com
bination of a record analyzing and accumulating
mechanism adapted to analyze and accumulate
items of successive groups of cards, means under
record control to automatically reset the accumu
55 lating means at the end of each group of items.
and means automatically controlled by the ac
cumulating means to suppress resetting said ac
cumulating means until the total accumulated
equals or exceeds a predetermined amount.
2. In a machine of the class described, the com
60
bination of a totalizer, a total taking control
mechanism operable upon a change in classifica
tion of groups of records, totalizer resetting mech
anism operable under control of said total taking
65 control mechanism, a circuit for rendering said
resetting mechanism effective. and means under
the control of the totalizer for completing said
circuit.
3. In a machine of the class described, adapted
70 to perform adding cycles and total taking cycles,
the combination of accumulating mechanism,
means to reset the accumulator to zero during
for eiîecting operation of the resetting mecha
nism.
4. In a machine of the class described adapted
cumulate successive items, total taking control
mechanism under record control operative auto
matically at the ends of groups of items to ini
tiate total taking cycles, total printing mecha
nism, totalizer resetting mechanism, and means
controlled by the totalizer to control the operation
of said total printing and said totalizer resetting
mechanisms on total taking cycles.
5. In a machine of the class described adapted 15
to make adding cycles and total taking cycles, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers, means to
accumulate items on said totalizers on adding
cycles, total taking control mechanism operative
at the end of a series of adding cycles to initiate 20
total taking cycles, total taking mechanism, and
means controlled by one of the totalizers to render
the total taking mechanism for all of said total
izers ineffective on total taking cycles.
6. In a machine of the class described adapted 25
to make adding cycles and total taking opera
tions, the combination of a record analyzing and
accumulating mechanism adapted to analyze and
accumulate items of successive groups of cards,
means to reset the accumulating means at the 30
end of each group of items, and means set by the
accumulating means on adding cycles to suppress
operation of the resetting means on total tak
ing cycles until the total of the items accumu
lated equals or exceeds a predetermined amount. 35
'7. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak
ing control mechanism operative at the ends of
groups of items, normally inoperative total print
ing means controlled by the total taking control 40
mechanism simultaneously to print totals from all
of the totalizers, and means operated by one of
the totalizers to determine whether or not a total
is to be printed from said totalizers.
8. In a machine of the class described, the
45
combination of a plurality of totalizers, means
simultaneously to print totals from all of said
totalizers, means for suppressing the operation
of the total printing means, and means operated
by one of the totalizers to control the operation 50
of the suppressing means.
9. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak
ing control mechanism operable upon change in
classification of groups of records, printing mech 55
anism operative under control of said total tak
ing control mechanism to print totals from all
of the totalizers, and means controlled by one of
said totalizers to suppress total printing from all
of the totalizers.
10. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak
ing control mechanism operable upon change in
classification of groups of records, printing mech
anism operative under control of said total tak 65
ing control mechanism to print totals from all of
said totalizers, and means controlled by one of
said totalizers to suppress total printing from all
of the totalizers until the amount accumulated 70
on said one totalizer equals or exceeds a prede
termined amount.
anism under record control for causing a total
1l. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu
taking cycle following said adding cycles, and
mulating items, total taking control mechanism, 76
total taking operations, automatic control mech
6
2,1 10,857
normally inoperative total printing mechanism
controlled by said total taking control mecha
nism, and means controlled by one of said total
izers to render the total printing means eil‘ec
tive to print totals from all of said totalizers.
12. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a >plurality of totalizers, item
entering means, total takingr means for all of said
totalizers, automatic means to initiate a total
10 taking operation, ,and means controlled by one
of the totalizers to render the total taking means
for all of the totalizers ineffective until a pre
determined amount has been accumulated on
said one totalizer.
13. In a machine of the class described, the
15
combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu.
mulating items, totalizer resetting mechanism
operative at the ends of groups of items for si
multaneously resetting all of the totalizers, and
20 means operated by one of said totalizers to deter
mine whether or not the totalizers are to be reset
25
at the end of a group of items.
14. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu
mulating items, totalizer resetting mechanism
operative at the ends of groups of items for re
setting all of the totalizers, and means operated
by one of said totalizers when a predetermined
30 amount has been accumulated on said one total
izer to render the resetting mechanism for all of
the totalizers effective.
15. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu
mulating groups of items, totalizer resetting
mechanism operative at the ends of groups of
items, and means operated by one of the total
izers to suppress resetting of all of the totalizers
until a predetermined amount has been accu
mulated on said one totalizer.
10
16. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a totalizer for accumulating
items, total taking control mechanism operative
at the end of a group of items, normally inopera
tive total printing mechanism for printing totals 15
from the totalizer, a bail operable by any one of
the totalizer elements above an intermediate
order on item entering operations, and contacts
closed by said bail to render the total printing
means eiîective.
20
17. In a machine of the class described, the
combination of a totalizer, item entering means,
total taking means, contacts to render the total
taking means effective, and a bail actuated by
any one of the denominational order totalizer 25
elements above an intermediate order to operate
said contacts when a predetermined amount has
been accumulated on the totalizer.
HUGH F. GARMAN.
30
HERBERT H. WOODRUFF.
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