Патент USA US2110857код для вставки
March l5, 1938. H. F. GARMAN ET A1, 2,110,357 TABULATING MACHINE Filed Feb. 15, 193s „94 4 sheets-sheet 1 T - I - IH n lIlI'hll' \\ çHEIR ATTORNEY LXâmIIIQF 6 1 .. March 15, 1938. H. F. GARMAN E-r Al. 2,110,857 TABULATING MACHINE Filed Feb. 15, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 \\ _ , f 99 lo: 58 56 l mi 'E WIE 70 ` a. FIGA. STATIONS From To 890 |23 234 567 |25 456 I2 90| B90 345 234 123 789 012 678 ‘301 567 456 830 789 345 456 345 455 567 678 789 678 759 890 676 9OI 769 012 489o |25Y REVENUE WEIGHT )36.02 2369 27.!4 3358 358.26 2490 ‘ 407.14 2070 808.29 . 2745 901 234 358.26 2490 234 567 93.80 3604 INVEr;r;RS THÉIR ' ArroRNEY Examiner 61.8! Marçh 15, 1938. H. F. GARMAN ET AL 2,110,857 TABULATING MACHINE Filed Feb. l5, 1933 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIGS. 139 FIGB. STATIONS `From To 890 234 123 12 e101v ¿i90` 123 587 45e , REVENUE WEIGHT 09.121> 46.905 24.68* 587* 1802* 1780* 345 2.48: 1578-» 234 123 180.241» 178.02» 135@ 1134»1 9124i 789 012 157.801P 878 301 135.781 690» 557 890 113.551 488* 45e 783 91.8411 2.181 345 45e 578 783 103.88* 45.67, 3011 123~` 345 458 5 78 729 69.12» 91.3411 244 241,» 567 878 89o 901 135.7811 | 13.56» 488* 83011 7019 012 157.8011 312: ,ÄLNVENTORS .ía/»1.44. __ m11/ THEmm-ro EY 61.9 March 15, 1938. H. F. GARMAN ET AL 2,110,857 TABULATING. MACHINE Filed Feb. l5, 1935 4_Sheets-Sheet 4 -îïj FIG.7. 79 N ORô 61. 9 .Patented Mar. 15, 1938 4 2,110,857 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,110,857 TABULATING MACHINE Hugh F. Garman, Detroit, Mich., and Herbert H. Woodruff, Cleveland, Ohio, assignors, by mesne assignments, to International Business Ma chines Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corpo ration of New York Application February 15, 1933, Serial No. 656,868 17 Claims. The present invention relates to improvements in tabulating machines, and more particularly re fers to machines of the type disclosed in Letters Patent of the United States No. 1,822,594, issued September 8, 1931 to C. D. Lake. Machines of the type disclosed in this patent are well known in the art and are adapted to analyze record cards having control points or perforations thereon. Such machines, after an alyzing the control points, may print all or a part of the data on a suitable record material or they may print data from each card and the total of such data for each group by cards. They may accumulate the data from successive cards, print ing the total accumulated from all of the cards, or from a particular group of cards. These ma chines are quite flexible and other similar com binations may be effected. In the machines disclosed in the above men 2o tioned patent, the group numbers as taken from the card directly control the printing mechanism of the machine to print the group number from the ñrst card of each group. After the first card of a group has been analyzed and the group ' 25 numbers thereof printed, the machine proceeds successively- to analyze the remainder of the cards in that group and upon a change of group designating numbers the tabulating machine automatically is brought to a stop and a total 30 taking and resetting operation is initiated to print the total standing on the accumulator which total is the total data accumulated from the group, and to reset the totalizers to zero. One object of the present invention is the pro vision for printing the group number from the first card of each group while suppressing the printing of the total data accumulated from said group until the total of said data has reached a predetermined amount. Another object is the provision for printing the group number from the first card of each group and suppressing the resetting of the totalizers until a predetermined amount has been accumu lated thereonA I Still another obîect of the instant invention is the provision of means operated under the control nf the accumulator wheels to suppress reading the accumulator until the total standing thereon has reached a predetermined amount. A further object is to suppress resetting the ac cumulator until the total standing thereon has reached a predetermined amount. Various other objects and advantages of the invention will be obvious from the following par ticular description of one form of mechanism embodying the invention or from an inspection of the accompanying drawings; and the invention also constitutes certain new and novel features of construction and combination of parts here inafter set forth and claimed. In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a front view of the accumulator sec tion of the machine showing a part of the reset mechanism. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view of a part of the 10 accumulator wheels showing the relation of the control bail thereto. Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the accumulator section of the machine. Fig. 4 is a facsimile of the record prepared on the machine. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the printing sec~ tion of the machine. Fig. 6 is a facsimile of a record prepared on a tabulator not provided with our device; and Fig. 7 is a conventional illustration of the cir 20 cuit diagram. ' General description In order to understand the significance of the 25 instant invention as applied to a machine of the type disclosed in the above mentioned patent, it should be borne in mind that such machines are adapted to be controlled to make listing oper ation and tabulating operation. The machine is controlled for listing operation to print the in 30 dividual items with the group numbers and then prints the totals of the items without printing the group numbers. When controlled for tabu lating operations, the group numbers and totals 35 only are printed. A facsimile of a record sheet prepared on a machine controlled as set forth above is illustrated in Fig. 6. In certain organizations it is not desired to print the total of each group unless the total is 40 equal to or greater than a predetermined amount. In this case the group number is printed when the ñrst card of each group is tabulated, but the total for the groups is not printed unless it equals or exceeds the predetermined amount. 'I'he ma 45 chine will continue tabulating successive groups of cards, printing the group number of each group, until the amount accumulated equals or exceeds the predetermined amount, whereupon, the machine is automatically controlled to make 50 a total printing and resetting operation during which the total is read from the accumulator, and printed in line with the last printed group num ber, and the totalizer then reset to zero. As an example tor illustrative purposes let it be as 55 . 2,110,857 2 sumed, that a machine embodying the present in vention is to be used in a railroad freight office wherein records are made of freight shipments including, the stations from and to which each shipment isy made, the weight of each shipment and the revenue derived therefrom. Figure 4 is a facsimile of a record prepared on such a ma chine. In this case the railroad does not wish to re 10 cord the weight of, and revenue derived from in dividual or group shipments of less than, for instance, 2,000 pounds. However, it is desired to indicate the shipping point and destination of each group or shipment. By using our device 15 on a tabulating machine, characters designating the stations for each group are printed, but the total revenue and the total weight for each group are not printed until the total accumulated weight equals 2,000 pounds or more. 20 Referring to Figure 6 it will be noted that the two left hand columns are marked “Stations”, “From” and “To”, the next column to the right is marked “Revenue” and the right hand column is marked “Weight”, In the station column 25 marked “From” characters are printed indicat ing the station from which the shipment was made, and similar characters are printed in the station column marked “To” indicating the des tination of the shipment. On the facsimile (Fig. 30 6) there are printed opposite the station designa of a group of contacts and relays indicated gen erally at Il. When the machine is operated by the tabulat ing machine motor TM, the usual tabulating cards bearing differentially arranged index points or perforations, are fed past sets of upper analyzing brushes UB and then, exactly one card cycle later the cards are fed past lower analyzing brushes LB. 10 As the perforated cards are fed past the lower brushes the perforations thereon permit instan taneous closing of circuits to energize accumula tor magnets |2. The timed energization of these magnets control mechanism well known in the art, to enter data interpreted from the card onto the accumulator wheels. The accumulator is of the typedisclosed in U. S. Patent No. 1,379,268 issued to C. D. Lake, May 24, 1921, and which includes gears l5 (Fig. 3), rotat 20 ably mounted on a reset shaft I6 suitably sup ported in the machine. These gears mesh with and are driven, under the control of the mag nets I2, by gears |1 mounted on a shaft I8. An indicator Wheel |9, having indicia engraved, or 25 otherwise suitably marked thereon, is secured to each of the accumulator gears |5 to enable the operator to read the data standing on the accum ulator, directly therefrom through a convenient sight opening 20 in the casing 2|. The printing mechanism (Fig. 5) is substan tions for each group or shipment, the revenue and weight. For instance, on the first line a shipment tially the same as that fully disclosed in Lake was made from station 890 to station |23 weigh ing 567 pounds and from which shipment a reve Patent No. 1,822,594 and, described briefly, in cludes a plurality of type elements 22 slidably 35 nue of $89.12 was received. The second line re cords a shipment from station 234 to station 561 comprising 1802 pounds of freight which brought the railroad a revenue of $46.90. Line 3 indicates that the next group of cards run through the 40 tabulating machine represent a shipment of 1780 pounds from station |23 to station 456, the reve nue therefor being $24.68. It will be noted that each of these shipments were less than 2,000 pounds. 45 is driven by a reset motor RM4 under the control . Referring now to Figure 4, which represents a record sheet prepared on our improved tabu Iating machine, it will be noted that the same station numbers are printed on the ñrst three lines in columns 1 and 2 as are set forth above. 50 However, neither the revenue nor the weight of the ñrst shipment were printed on the ñrst line since the Weight was less than 2,000 pounds. These amounts are entered into the totalizers but since the total weight at the end of the group 55 was less than 2,000 pounds the total printing was suppressed. During the listing of the second group the total weight accumulated on the totalizer passed 2,000 pounds. At the next group change, therefore, 60 under the control of the mechanism comprising the present invention, the weight and revenue totalizers are cleared and the totals standing thereon printed in the proper columns. In case the Weights represented by two groups f of cards do not bring the total Weight to 2,000 pounds or more, the next group is accumulated, and as many additional groups as are necessary to bring the total Weight to 2,000 pounds. The circuit diagram (Fig. 7) is substantially 70 the same as that shown in the above mentioned Lake patent. mounted in the enlarged upper end of a type car 35 rier 23. The type carrier is guided near its up per and lower ends to permit vertical movement for the purpose of selecting the type elements 22 for operation. To effect the vertical reciprocatory movement 40 of the type carrier 23 on tabulating operations a cam 24, secured on a shaft 25, is provided with a cam groove 26 embracing an anti-friction roller 21 on an arm 28 pivoted on a shaft 29. An ad justing screw 30 carried by the arm 28 cooper ates with one arm of a lever 36 fast on the shaft 29. A short link 31 connects an arm 38 also fast on the shaft 29 to a printer cross head 39. Guide bars 40 are provided to guide the cross head 39 in its vertical travel. The configuration of the cam groove 26 is such that upon one rotation of the cam 24 it imparts to the arm 28, the lever 36. shaft 29 and the arm 38 an invariable excursion first clockwise and then counterclockwise to normal position. This movement is communicated by the link 31 to the cross-head 39 imparting thereto a ver tically reciprocatory movement. , The cross-head 39 is actuated on total printing operations by a cam 4| and a total shaft 42. This cam 4| cooperates with a roller on an arm 43 pivoted on the shaft 29. A projection on the arm 43 cooperates with an adjusting screw on the other arm of the lever 38. Thus, on total print ing operations, the cam 4| acting through the arm 43 rocks the lever 36, shaft 29 and the arm 38 to impart to the printer cross-head 39 its regular excursion. The type carriers 23 rest on spring held ñn gers |43 pivotally supported on projections |39 During tabulating operations the forming a part of the cross-head 39 so that the machine is driven by a tabulating motor TM (Fig. 7) under the control of the usual cam con trolled and relay controlled circuits indicated gen type carriers travel upwardly with the cross-head for the purpose of carrying the type elements 22 past a printing point on a platen 42 in synchro nism with the passage of the card by the lower 75 erally at I0. During reset operations the machine 30 45 2,110,857 3 particular type 22 corresponding to the differen automatically from a tabulating cycle or opera tion into a total printing operation, and from a total printing operation into the tabulation of the next succeeding card group. The mechanism whereby a total printing and tial location of the control point on the card in resetting operation is initiated automatically will printing position. now be briefly described. brushes LB (Fig. 7). Ii', as the card travels past the lower brushes, a control point comes into registry with one of the brushes the upward travel of the type carrier is arrested with the The device for arresting the upward movement of the type carriers 23 in synchronism with the 10 passage of the card by the brushes LB and, on total printing operations, in accordance with the amount standing on the accumulator wheels in cludes a spring pressed stop pawl 44 (Fig. 5) nor mally held in ineffective position by a detent 45. Both the stop pawl 44 and the detent 45 are piv otally supported on a cross bar 46 suitably sup ported in the machine. A link 41 connects the detent 45 with an armature 48 associated with a printer magnet 49. It is to be understood that there is a type carrier 23 and a printer magnet 49 for each denominational order of the ac cumu-lator. When the printer magnet 49 is energized either under the control of a card or on total printing 25 operations, under the control of the usual impulse emitter 50 (Fig. 7) controlled by the totalizers, it attracts the armature 48 (Fig. 5). This draws the link 41 toward the right (Fig. 5) rocking the detent 45 counterclockwise to release the stop 30 paw] 44 which, under the inñuence of its spring, immediately engages the proper one of a series of notches in the right hand edge of the type carriers 23 in order to stop the carrier in a posi tion commensurate, on tabulating operations, with the position of the control point on the card, or, on total printing operations, in a position com mensurate to the setting of the corresponding accumulator gear I5. Group control It is well known in the art that machines of this type may be organized to automatically stop the listing or tabulating operation and to start a total printing operation when the control per forations on two successive cards do not agree. 'I‘he means for initiating such an automatic group control involves a group control circuit such as is disclosed in the above referred to Lake Patent No. 1,822,594, which circuit, described briefly in cludes magnets 5| and contacts 52 (Fig. 7) adapt ed to be plugged between the upper and lower brushes. The purpose of the contacts 52 is to open after the magnets 5| are energized in order to take the arc from the brushes. Energization of the magnets 5| closes corresponding contacts 53, thus establishing the so-called control cir~ cuit which extends serially through all contacts 53. This circuit is established in each card cycle so long as the control perforations on each two So long as this control (il successive cards agree. circuit is made the machine will continue unin terruptedly to tabulate the cards passing through the machine. However, if one or more group control per - forations do not agree on two successive cards, the corresponding magnets 5| are not energized and their contacts 53 are not permitted to close. Thus the group control circuit is o-pen and at the end of the card cycle the machine is controlled to initiate a total printing operation, during which operation, the amount standing on the totalizer wheels I5 (Fig. 3) is read off from the wheels, set up on the type carriers 23 (Fig. 5) and print ed. The totalizer is then reset to zero. The machine may be controlled to proceed When one or more group control numbers or perforations on two successive cards do not agree and the corresponding contacts 53 remain open, 10 as above set forth, a magnet 6|, known herein as the -“Group control magnet”, becomes de energized upon opening of test contacts 62 near the end of a tabulating operation. The magnet 6| is normally energized on tabulating opera tions, holding its armature 63 against the upper contact to maintain magnets 65 and 66 deen ergized. So long as the magnet 65 is deenergized an operating circuit is maintained through the tabulating motor. This circuit extends through the tabulating motor TM, a start relay coil |60, the clutch coils 11, motor relay coil |6|, contacts |62 closed upon energization of coil |6| to form a holding circuit for said coil, upper card lever contacts |63, the contacts of coil 65, wire |64, the normally closed stop key contacts |65, cam con tacts P3 to the other side of the line. This cir cuit maintains the tabulating machine motor TM running as long as cards are passing the upper card lever. However, when a group change Occurs and the magnet 6| is deenergized, its armature 63 drops into contact with the lower contact energizing the magnets 64 and 65. The magnet 65, when en ergized, attracts its armature thus opening the - circuit through the tabulating motor TM. This deenergizes clutch magnets `|`| permitting con tacts 'I8 to close establishing a starting circuit through the reset motor RM, whereupon, at the end of the current tabulating operation, the ma chine proceeds into a resetting and total print ing operation. The starting circuit through the reset motor RM extends as follows: Through the reset motor RM, reset clutch magnets |66, con tacts 18, wire |61, cam contacts L| now closed, automatic reset switch, stop key contacts |65, cam contacts P3 to the other side of the line. Energization of clutch magnets |66 closes con tacts |68 setting up a holding circuit through the reset motor RM, clutch magnets |66, contacts |68, wire |69, cam contacts L2 to the other side of the line. This circuit keeps the reset motor operating until just before ythe end of the reset cycle when contacts LPT, close deenergizing mag nets 64 and 65 which drop their armature clos ing their respective contacts. This sets up a shunt circuit around the reset clutch magnets IE6 through contacts Pl closed shortly after the beginning of the reset cycle, contacts 64a, wire |69, contacts L2 to the other side of the line, 60 deenergizing the reset clutch magnets |66. This opens the contacts |68, the reset motor, however, continues to run until the end of the reset cycle when the cam contacts PI open. If the “auto start” switch is closed the tabulating motor TM will again be energized when the relay 65 is de~ 65 energized closing its contacts 65a, and when the P3 contacts are closed near the end of the reset cycle. In order to read off the total standing on the totalizer a frame 54 (Fig. 3) secured on a rock 70 shaft 55 receives an invariable excursion first counterclockwise and then clockwise to normal position at each total printing operation. The shaft 55 may receive its oscillatory movement 75 2,110,857 from any suitable source preferably that disclosed in the above mentioned Lake patent. A number of feeler fingers 56 are loosely mount cd on the shaft 55 and are resiliently urged counterclockwise against the bail |54 of the frame 54 by springs 51 each having one end secured to an angular plate |55 fast on the bail |54 and the other end anchored to a projection (not shown) on the rear end of its corresponding finger 56. At their outer or free ends the fingers 56 carry adjusting screws 58. Stepped cams 59 mounted on a shaft 60 are adapted to rotate in the planes of the correspond ing screws 58 (see Fig. 1). Gears 66 attached to the cams 59 mesh with the gears |1 which in turn mesh with the totalizer gears 15. Thus the gears 66 and the cams 59 are set to positions cor responding to the setting of the totalizer gears. As the shaft 55 rocks counterclockwise, the fingers 56, due to the springs 51, are carried therewith until the screws 5B come intov contact with and are arrested by the stepped cams 59. The frame 54 continues its invariable excursion carrying therewith a contact 61 mounted on the lv LA rearwardly extending part of said frame. When the movement of the fingers 56 is arrested by contact of its screw 58 with the corresponding cam 59, the contact 61, continuing its counter clockwise movement with the frame 54 about pivot 55, wipes onto the curved end of an arm 68 carried by but insulated from the now ar rested finger 56. This, by means of another con tact 69, closes a circuit through the printer mag nets 49 (Figs. 5 and 7) for that denominational order, and, since the ñnger frame 54 is rocked in synchronism with the upward movement of the type carrier 23, the movement of said type car rier is arrested as the particular type correspond ing to the setting of the totalizer gear arrives at 40 the printing point. The total standing on the totalizer is then printed and the totalizer then reset to zero in the usual well known manner. Before the printer magnets 49 can be energized on total printing operations it is necessary to close contacts 18 (Figs. 1 and 7), a pair of which contacts is-associated with each counter. The contacts 10 normally are closed manually as a preliminary to operation of the machine when it is desired to automatically initiate a total print 50 ing and resetting operation upon the occurrence of a group change. This is accomplished by shifting the knurled collar 1| (Fig. 1) toward the right to couple the reset shaft 12 to the reset gear 13. An annular groove 14 in the coupling 55 15 embraces one arm of a bell crank 16 rocking said bell crank clockwise. The rounded end of the other arm of the bell crank, upon clockwise movement thereof, closes the contacts 19. However, if the total printing and resetting are 60 controlled by the manually set knobs 1|, the totals will be printed and the totalizers reset at each card -group change. Since it is an object of this invention to suppress total printing and resetting the totalizers until the weight of ship 65 ments equals or exceeds 2,000 lbs., other means is provided to operate the reset clutches 15 (Fig. 1) and to prevent ènergization of the printer mag nets 49 until the card group change succeeding the accumulation of 2,000 or more on the weight totalizer. This means includes magnets 19 (Figs. 1 and '7). Means is provided under the control of the weight totalizer to energize the magnets 19 there by to effect automatically the energization of 75 the printer magnets when the registered weight equals or exceeds 2,000 pounds. This means in cludes a magnet 86 and a magnet 81. These magnets are wired in series and are connected to the line through a normally closed switch 88 and are adapted to be energized through a pair of contacts 89 operated by the weight totalizer. The contacts 89 are closed when the 1000 de nominational order totalizer wheel passes from 1 to 2 by mechanism to be described later. These contacts when closed set up a circuit through the switch 88, magnet 86, magnet 81, contacts 89, wires 85 and 92 to the other side of the line. This circuit energizes magnets 86 and 81. It may be stated here that by opening the switch 88 the machine may be made to function 15 in its normal manner, printing the totals and clearing the totalizers at each card group change. Energization of the magnet 81 closes contacts 90 setting up a holding circuit through switch 88, magnet 86, magnet 81, contacts 90, cam 20 operated contacts 9| and wire 92 to the other side of the line. This holds the magnet 86 energized which holds its contacts 93 closed to energize the magnets 19 upon closing of their respective contacts LP8, LP9 and LP|0. These contacts close early in a reset operation and remain closed until near the end of the cycle. It is to be understood that the magnets 86 and 81 Will not be energized, and consequently the contacts 93 will not be closed to energize magnets 19 unless the contacts 89 are closed at some point ' during the tabulating of a group of cards, and, as above stated this can only occur when the 1000 denominational order totalizer wheel of the weight totalizer passes from 1 to 2. The mecha nism whereby the contacts 89 are closed under the above condition is described as follows: A rock shaft 94 (Figs. 1 and 3) suitably sup ported in the machine carries an arm 95 ex tending horizontally toward the right (Fig. 3), 40 the free end of which arm rests above the in sulated upper blade for the contacts 89. Two arms 96 and 91 secured to the shaft 94 between them carry a bail or rod 98 extending across the planes of the stepped cams 59 for the 1000 to 10,000,000 denominational orders, inclusive. Springs 99, only one of which is shown (Fig. 3), urge the arms 96 and 91 and the rod 98 in a counterclockwise direction, which movement is limited by an arm |00 secured on the shaft 94 50 resting against a stop stud |0|. Obviously clockwise movement of the bail 98, shaft 94 and arm 95 from the positions in which these parts appear in Figure 3 will close the con tacts 89 thus setting up the condition to render 55 the total printing and resetting mechanism ef fective as set forth above. The stepped cams 59 are shown in their 0 posi tion in Fig. 3, and when an amount is added thereon, these elements are rotated counterclock GO wise as viewed in this figure. It will be noted by examination of Figures 2 and 3 that the rod 98 has a notch cut therein opposite the 1000 denom inational order cam 59. Also that the bottom of the notch is equi-distance with the next step on the cam 59, which step represents the “8” posi tion with respect to the feeler finger 56, from the center of the shaft 60. Consequently the thou sands cam plate 59 may be advanced one step to add one thousand onto the totalizer without dis turbing the rod 98. But if the thousands order cam 59 is advanced to the “2” position the rising face |02 between the “8” and “9” position on the cam 59 rocks the rod 98, shaft 94 and arm 95 clockwise to close the contacts 89. ‘..Aulllllenw 61.9 2,110,857 Should the stepped cam 59 for the 1000 orders be advanced from the “0” or “l” position to the “3” position at one continuous movement the rod 98 and shaft 94 would be rocked clockwise to close means controlled by the accumulating mechanism the contacts 89, and then immediately counter to make adding cycles and total taking cycles, clockwise to normal again opening the contacts. the combination of a totalizer on which to ac However, this brief closing of contacts 89 is suiñ cient to energize magnet 81 thus setting up the holding circuit as set forth above. Another condition may obtain by adding an 10 amount, for instance 10000 on the totalizer with out disturbing the setting of the thousands ele ment 59 from its zero position. By reference to Figure 2 it will be noted that the rod 98 has no 15 notches opposite the remaining stepped cams 59 cooperating therewith. If any one of the higher order cams 59 be rotated one step, the rise be 20 25 30 35 tween the “'l" and “8” positions of said cam will immediately rock the rod 98, shaft 94 and arm 95 clockwise to close the contacts 89 for the above stated purpose. The contacts 9| (Fig. 7) are normally closed in order that upon closing the contacts 89 by the totalizer the holding circuit may be at once set up, through the magnets 86 and 81. However, it is necessary to break the holding circuit near the end of the reset cycle, hence the contacts 9| whose cam is timed to open said contacts at the proper time. Just before the contacts 9| open, the mag net 6| and a magnet |03 are energized by the clos ing of contacts LP'I. The magnet |03 when en ergized closes its contacts |04 which contacts are wired parallel to the contacts 93 thus holding the magnet 19 energized to maintain the clutches or couplings 'l5 (Fig. l) in their adjusted positions until the end of the resetting movement. The magnets 19 are deenergized by their respective cam contacts LP8, LPS and LP|0 (Fig. '7). While there has been shown and described and 40 pointed out the fundamental novel features of the invention as applied to a single modification, it will be understood that various omissions and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may '45 be made by those skilled in the art without de parting from the spirit of the invention. It is the intention therefore to be limited only as indi cated by the following claims. 50 5 What is claimed is: 1. In a machine of the class described, the com bination of a record analyzing and accumulating mechanism adapted to analyze and accumulate items of successive groups of cards, means under record control to automatically reset the accumu 55 lating means at the end of each group of items. and means automatically controlled by the ac cumulating means to suppress resetting said ac cumulating means until the total accumulated equals or exceeds a predetermined amount. 2. In a machine of the class described, the com 60 bination of a totalizer, a total taking control mechanism operable upon a change in classifica tion of groups of records, totalizer resetting mech anism operable under control of said total taking 65 control mechanism, a circuit for rendering said resetting mechanism effective. and means under the control of the totalizer for completing said circuit. 3. In a machine of the class described, adapted 70 to perform adding cycles and total taking cycles, the combination of accumulating mechanism, means to reset the accumulator to zero during for eiîecting operation of the resetting mecha nism. 4. In a machine of the class described adapted cumulate successive items, total taking control mechanism under record control operative auto matically at the ends of groups of items to ini tiate total taking cycles, total printing mecha nism, totalizer resetting mechanism, and means controlled by the totalizer to control the operation of said total printing and said totalizer resetting mechanisms on total taking cycles. 5. In a machine of the class described adapted 15 to make adding cycles and total taking cycles, the combination of a plurality of totalizers, means to accumulate items on said totalizers on adding cycles, total taking control mechanism operative at the end of a series of adding cycles to initiate 20 total taking cycles, total taking mechanism, and means controlled by one of the totalizers to render the total taking mechanism for all of said total izers ineffective on total taking cycles. 6. In a machine of the class described adapted 25 to make adding cycles and total taking opera tions, the combination of a record analyzing and accumulating mechanism adapted to analyze and accumulate items of successive groups of cards, means to reset the accumulating means at the 30 end of each group of items, and means set by the accumulating means on adding cycles to suppress operation of the resetting means on total tak ing cycles until the total of the items accumu lated equals or exceeds a predetermined amount. 35 '7. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak ing control mechanism operative at the ends of groups of items, normally inoperative total print ing means controlled by the total taking control 40 mechanism simultaneously to print totals from all of the totalizers, and means operated by one of the totalizers to determine whether or not a total is to be printed from said totalizers. 8. In a machine of the class described, the 45 combination of a plurality of totalizers, means simultaneously to print totals from all of said totalizers, means for suppressing the operation of the total printing means, and means operated by one of the totalizers to control the operation 50 of the suppressing means. 9. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak ing control mechanism operable upon change in classification of groups of records, printing mech 55 anism operative under control of said total tak ing control mechanism to print totals from all of the totalizers, and means controlled by one of said totalizers to suppress total printing from all of the totalizers. 10. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers, total tak ing control mechanism operable upon change in classification of groups of records, printing mech anism operative under control of said total tak 65 ing control mechanism to print totals from all of said totalizers, and means controlled by one of said totalizers to suppress total printing from all of the totalizers until the amount accumulated 70 on said one totalizer equals or exceeds a prede termined amount. anism under record control for causing a total 1l. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu taking cycle following said adding cycles, and mulating items, total taking control mechanism, 76 total taking operations, automatic control mech 6 2,1 10,857 normally inoperative total printing mechanism controlled by said total taking control mecha nism, and means controlled by one of said total izers to render the total printing means eil‘ec tive to print totals from all of said totalizers. 12. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a >plurality of totalizers, item entering means, total takingr means for all of said totalizers, automatic means to initiate a total 10 taking operation, ,and means controlled by one of the totalizers to render the total taking means for all of the totalizers ineffective until a pre determined amount has been accumulated on said one totalizer. 13. In a machine of the class described, the 15 combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu. mulating items, totalizer resetting mechanism operative at the ends of groups of items for si multaneously resetting all of the totalizers, and 20 means operated by one of said totalizers to deter mine whether or not the totalizers are to be reset 25 at the end of a group of items. 14. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu mulating items, totalizer resetting mechanism operative at the ends of groups of items for re setting all of the totalizers, and means operated by one of said totalizers when a predetermined 30 amount has been accumulated on said one total izer to render the resetting mechanism for all of the totalizers effective. 15. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a plurality of totalizers for accu mulating groups of items, totalizer resetting mechanism operative at the ends of groups of items, and means operated by one of the total izers to suppress resetting of all of the totalizers until a predetermined amount has been accu mulated on said one totalizer. 10 16. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a totalizer for accumulating items, total taking control mechanism operative at the end of a group of items, normally inopera tive total printing mechanism for printing totals 15 from the totalizer, a bail operable by any one of the totalizer elements above an intermediate order on item entering operations, and contacts closed by said bail to render the total printing means eiîective. 20 17. In a machine of the class described, the combination of a totalizer, item entering means, total taking means, contacts to render the total taking means effective, and a bail actuated by any one of the denominational order totalizer 25 elements above an intermediate order to operate said contacts when a predetermined amount has been accumulated on the totalizer. HUGH F. GARMAN. 30 HERBERT H. WOODRUFF.