Патент USA US2110895код для вставки
March 15, 1938. p, VERDER 2,110,895 HOS IERY MEA SURING DEVICE Filed Dec. 25. 1935 F161. l 50 26 15 INVENTOR. 77em- #EAW/El? 2,110,895 Patented Mar. 15, 1938v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,110,895 HOSIERY MEASURING DEVICE Paul Verdier, San Francisco, Calif. Application December 23, 1935, Serial No. 55,737 10 Claims. (Cl. 33-8) This invention relates to a device for determin ing the correct length of hosiery for wearers, and has for its objects the provision of a simple device for accurately and quickly determining, in ad», Y 5 ' Vance of a ñtting, the correct length, in> inches or other arbitrary scale, of hose required for legs of various sizes. , ^ Other objects and advantages will appear'in the following specification and drawing attached Ie." 0" thereto. ' . . . j In the drawing,‘Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of one form of my device. ` ` Fig; 2 is a front elevational view of the device of Fig. 1. mi n > > Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1. p \ Fig. 4 is a sectional View taken along the line 4_4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 20' 5-5 of Fig. l showing a portion of a shoe and leg of a person in dotted line. Fig. 6 is a side elevationalV view of another form of my invention showing a shoe and leg of a u person in dotted line. ` , Fig. 7 is a plan view of the upper end of the device of Fig. 6. ' Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken along the line 8-8 of Fig. 6. . ~ Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along the line 30 9--9 of Fig. 6. ‘ ' ~ Fig. 10 is a fragmentary rear elevational View of the upper end of a portion of Fig. 1. Fig. 11 is a fragmentary view of a portion of the device of Fig. 6 as seen` in elevation. Fig. 12 is a `fragmentary view of a portion of the device of Fig. 6~ as seen ink eleva-tion. Fig. 13 is a fragmentary View of a portion of the device of Fig. 6> as seen in elevation. _ Brieñy described, heretofore hosiery for: women 40 has been supplied according to the" size of the foot and in different lengths for each foot size. All stockings are more or less elastic, according to the type of weave and whether loosely or tightly _ woven. Also some manufacturers incorporate elastic thread into the stocking adjacent the up per end so as to permit elasticity between the less elastic lower portion andthe proper point of attachment of theu garter. Obviously, if Vthe Stockings are too long, they must be folded over 50 and the greater the strain on the lower less-elastic portion. If the stockings are took short, the strain is excessive due to the fact that the elastic 55 wearer willvary as to the height it reaches onV the leg in proportion tothe circumference of the calf, the problem of supplying a proper length stocking to a customer purchasing therstockings has not heretofore been solved insofar asjI am aware.' Obviously, it would be prohibitive to permit a customer to try on three or four different sizes before buying, even. if the customers were willing. Il have discovered that there is a definite rela the circumference of a wearer’s calf whereby it is possible to determine the degree to which such stocking will shorten in: height, when on the leg, below its normal length before fitting. The prac 15 tical adaptation of this relationship to a scale device whereby the correct length of stocking is quickly determi-ned in advance of a ñtting for persons having calves of varying sizes comprises my invention. 20y "In detail, my device, as shown in Figs. 1 to 5 and 10, comprises an- upright, dat-sided stick I of approximately 36 inches in length whereby it vvílLext’end from about the iioor to appreciably above the knee of a wearer. A foot member 2 is 25 secured to said stick at its lower end and pro jects at right angles from a side thereof, said member bein-g formed -at 3 to snugly lit across and against the instep> of a shoe 4 that is provided with a heel 5 without removing the shoe from the wearer and when the wearer is in standing posi tion. See Fig. 5. i Below the foot member 2 is a base 6 adapted to rest on the floor, and’ said base and foot member are connected'at their opposite ends by bolts or pins 1 for slidable movement of the foot member toward the base, and' coil springs 8 are interposed between the foot member and base normally tend ing to yieldably force the foot member and base apart to the limits of heads 9 of the bolts 1. These 'bolts are secured to the base at their lower ends and loosely pass through foot member 2 at their upper ends with the heads 9 on the bolts preventing separation of said member and base., The foregoing> construction insures the foot 45 member positively engaging against the instep of the shoe, below the wearer’s instep, irrespec tive of the height of the shoe heel while permitting the wearer to stand firmly and normally on the floor. f The upright stick I is vertically grooved at I0 along opposite edges and a gauge II formed with limit of the stockings is approached before en ears I2 (Fig. 3) that engage in said grooves gagement with the garters. respectively is positioned onv the side of the stick from which the foot member 2 projects. Said In view of the fact that a stocking when on the 10 tion between any given stocking construction and 50 '2,110,895 gauge and ears are elongated vertically so as to I1, respectively, except that the scale is inverted provide a firm bearing surface on the stick and at the lower end of the gauge a horizontally ber I4 is carried on one side of the gauge and and the numerals on each scale become greater in descending along the p-iece instead of becoming greater as the scales ascend. At the upper end of piece 20 a yoke 25 is pro vided resembling yoke I3 but much closer to the stick so as to not interfere with the leg of the per son being measured. Fig. 6 shows in dotted line, is normally adapted to frictionally engage an edge of the stick to hold the gauge in any adjusted measuring. disposed yoke I3 projects outwardly, which yoke is formed at its outer »end to generally conform to the horizontal contour of the leg of a person at a point above the knee. A spring detent mem position, said detent projecting outwardly of the side of the gauge at one end for pressing against a spring to release the detent from engagement with the stick. On the side I' of the stick opposite said gauge the stick may be graduated in inches as indicated a leg L as seen from the rear, in position for a thumb screw 26 may be provided on the outer end of ~ a stud bolt 21 that is secured at its inner in Fig. 10, commencing from the upper surface end to the lower end of piece 25, said stud bolt of the foot member 2 at the point where the member engages the instep, and the inch marks 20 being indicated with the regular indicia. On the opposite side of the stick from the'aforesaid grad-V being slidable in a vertical slot formed in the uations, are three vertically extending scales I5,l resistance between the two pieces 26 and 2l isordinarily/found to be sufficient to‘secure them I 3 shown in the drawing as spaced an inch apart, against accidental movement relatively. point -opposite the twenty-one inch graduation on the inch scale or the equivalent distance from the foot member 2 in case the inch scale is not _ used. 30 side of the piece 2l. Upon tightening the nut, the pieces 29, 2| will then be positively locked in 20 any desired position. However, the frictional I6, I1, of horizontal vertically spaced graduations 25 each scale' commencing at its lower end at the ' The Ascale I 5 is headed at its upper end with the ñgure “121/2” and the letter “S-” thus designat« ing the scalel as relating to a 121/2 inch calf or less, which is small in size. The scale I6 is , headed “13” and “M”, indicating its reference to 35 a _“medium”-calf of about 13 inch circumference. The scale Il is headed “131/2” and “L+” thus re ferring to a calf of from 131/2 inch upward in circumference, or “large”, These headings may obviously be varied and still convey the same import. In operation, the wearer merely places her foot over the foot member 2 with said member under the instep of the shoe and the gauge I I is slipped along the stick to the' height along the upper leg - indicated by the wearer as being the length stock ing desired. If the calf circumference is 13 inches or a fraction less than 1/2 inch more or less, the scale I8 will indicate immediately a figure, say “27”, as shown in the drawing, indicating ' that in order for the stocking to reach‘ that height when ñtted, a 27 inch length stocking will be necessary, although the actual length from the instep to said height is only 23 inches. Of course, this particular scale wouldbe for the particular ï type of stocking desired, and the indicia I8’ would accordingly be modified as toiweave, etc., and the scale for another type-of stocking mightin dicate 26 inches. But the relationship of a greater length than the actual'length from the 60 instep to the desired `height would always exist. Enclosed within the lower end of piece 2| is a 25. coil expansion spring 21 adapted to react between a pin or stop 28 at its upper end securedto'pi'ec’e 2| and the upper end of a -square r'od or lpiece of square tubing 29 telescopically fitted within the lower end of said piece. Said square rod 29 30 is provided at its lower end with a'base plate'ê’ extending below foot member 2’A for resting on the floor. It will be seen that upon the 'foot of the wearer being positioned over the foot mem ber 2’ as in Fig. 6 the foot member is free to be If desired, of course, regular inchv graduations and indicia may be provided on the side of the 45 telescopic tubing 2l] adjacent the leg of the wear er, whereby the scaleA can readily befused-to measure the length of the hose to correspond to the indicia on the other side or sides of tubing 2li. It is, of course, manifest that a> cushion of 50 sponge rubber may be used in place of the springs 8 and 21 positioned below and secured to the foot members 2, 2’, andthe ybase plates 6, 6’ removed, but the springs are preferable. Also, instead of._` ‘telescopic tubing,v other telescopic 55 forms may be> used, or pieces sliding side by side in guides, but the square tubing is the preferred form. Other minor variations may also be made in lconstruction without departing materially from the invention, and the claims appendedY 60 hereto are intended to cover such >other forms the use of the device for measuring the stocking to give the proper length. In Fig. 6 I show another formA of device in‘ as may come within the spirit of the invention. - lengths or pieces of telescopic square tubing, in which an upper piece 20 telescopes intoV a lower piece 2l. Y The lower piece has a foot member 2’,î formed to snugly engage across the instep of the shoe, secured rigidly to its lower end and ex tending laterally to one side with the outer end of the foot member turned up at 2| to insure proper positioning of the foot. The upper piece 2B is graduated on three sides, 22, 23, and 24, 75 with graduations corresponding to scales I5, I6, 35 yieldably forced downward to accommodate any height of heel on the shoe,'and`the`foot- member 2’ will always snugly engage across the instep of the wearer. Since the foot member is fixed rela tive to the upper end of the outer telescopic 40 tubing 2|, the reading at the upper end of said tubing will be uniform and correct at all times. The inch scale on one side ofthe stick facilitates 65 which this upright stick is constructed of't‘wo 10 In the form of device shown in Fig. 6, the read ing of the graduations on piece 20 is made at the upper end of the lower piece 2 I, and to facilitate the sliding of piece 2U relative to the piece 2I, In order to insure the rod 29 against separa tion vfrom the tubing 2 I , I provide a slot 30 along side the spring 21 in which a pin 3| secured to 65 the upper end of rod 29 is» adapted to slide. The spring 2T will, of course, normally force the rod` 29'outwardly to the distance permitted by the lower end of slot 30. Having described‘my invention, I claim: 1. A device for use in determining proper'ho siery lengths for a wearer comprising upper and lower vertically extending elongated strips se cured together for sliding relatively in opposite vertical directions, the llower strip being provided 3 2,110,895 with a lateral projection at Íits lower end andthe upper strip being provided with` a Amember ex tending from a side thereofover the lower pro jection, said lower- projection formed to engage' across the instep of the shoer of the wearer land means below said lower projection arranged ‘and adapted to react between the floor and said pro jection to yieldably urge said projection upwardlyagainst the instep of the vshoe when the~ 'shoeis‘ 10V on thel floor and the device is‘in operativeposii tion with the strips extending alongside the wearer’s leg. 2. Apparatus of the character described com prising an elongated device adapted to extend vertically alongside the leg of a person from the footfto a point above the knee, a member at the lower end of the device formed to engage below the instep of the foot, means at the upper end of the device vertically adjustable to various 20 points of elevation above'the knee, scale indicia including graduations on said device indicating the degrees of modification in the length of a Vstocking before and after the stocking is fitted on the leg vrelative to the thickness of the leg ‘upon movement of the adjustable means to vari ous points of elevation above the knee, and a base at the lower end of the device yieldably sup porting said member spaced above the floor whereby said member is yieldably urged upwardly 30 at all times toward the instep of the foot. 3. Apparatus of the character described corn prising an elongated flat-sided member adapted to extend vertically alongside the leg of a person substantially from the foot to a point above the knee, means slidably mounted on said member for vertical movement and projecting laterally from a side of said member, scale indicia including lgraduations on one side of said device indicating the degrees of modification in the length of a 40 stocking before and after the stocking is fitted on the leg relative to the thickness of the leg upon movement of the slidably mounted means to various degrees of elevation, means for posi tioning said device at its lower end in fixed rela 45 tion to the foot of the person and means yield ably supporting said last mentioned means a dis tance above the floor. 4. Apparatus of the character described com prising an elongated flat-sided device adapted 50 to extend vertically alongside the leg of a person substantially from the foot to a point above the knee, means slidably mounted on said member for vertical movement and projecting laterally from a side of said device, scale indicia including grad uations on one side of said device indicating the degrees of modiiication in the length of a stocking before and after the stocking is fitted on the leg relative to the thickness of the leg upon move ment of the slidably mounted means to various 60 degrees of elevation, means for positioning said device at its lower end in fixed relation to the foot of the wearer, and said slidably mounted means being formed at its outer end to iit against the side of the leg of the person and to generally follow the cross sectional contour of the leg in shape. 5. A device for use in determining proper ho siery lengths for a wearer comprising upper and lower vertically extending elongated strips se cured together for sliding relatively in opposite vertical directions, the lower strip being provided with a lateral projection at its lower end and the upper strip being provided with a member ex tending from a side thereof over said projection, said projection being formed to engage the in step of Ithe shoe of the .wearer and means below said projection arranged >and adapted to react between the floor and said projection to yieldably urge said projection upwardly against the instep of the shoe vwhen the shoe is on the floor and the deviceis in operative position with the strips ex tending alongside the wearer’s leg, said stripsccm prising'itelesc'opic tubing with the upper strip sliding within the lower strip. 6. A 'device’for use in determining proper ho siery lengths for-a wearer comprising upper and’ lower vertically extending elongated strips se cured together` for sliding relatively inA opposite Vertical directions, the lower strip being provided with a lateral projection at its lower end and the 15 upper strip being provided with a member ex tending from a side thereof over said projection, said projection being formed to engage the instep of the shoe of the wearer and means below said projection arranged and adapted to react between 20 the floor and said projection to yieldably urge said projection upwardly against the instep of the shoe when the shoe is on the iioor and the device is in operative position with the strips extending alongside the wearer’s leg, said strips 25 comprising telescopic tubing and said means in cluding a base plate having a vertically extending member telescopically slidable within the lower end o-f said lower strip, a stop within said lower strip and a spring engaging between said strip 30 and said member tending to urge the latter out wardly of the strip. 7. A device for determining proper hosiery lengths comprising a vertically extending element adapt-ed to extend alongside the leg of a wearer 35 from the foot upwardly, a lateral projection at the lower end of said strip formed to engage the instep of the shoe of the wearer, a gauge member slidably mounted on said strip for sliding Verti cally to various points of elevation above the 40 wearer’s knee when said projection is engaged across the instep of the shoe, a base member be low the projection at the lower end of said ele ment and lower projection and means for tend ing to urge said projection and element upwardly 45 when the base plate is on the floor. 8. Apparatus for use in determining hosiery sizes for legs of various thicknesses prior to iitting the hosiery on the legs comprising an elongated device adapted to be disposed vertically alongside 50 the leg to be fitted with the lower end of the device in iixed position adjacent the foot of the leg, a plurality of rows of indicia in side by side relationship inscribed on the device with the rows extending longitudinally thereof, the indicia 55 in the rows respectively being in terms of differ ent sizes of hose, other indicia inscribed on the device in terms designating different leg thick nesses respectively disposed to identify the in dividual rows of indicia, said device including a 60 member movable longitudinally therefore rela tive to the lower end thereof to various points of elevation along the leg above the knee thereof, means arranged and adapted to successively fa cilitate the reading of the indicia of the several 65 rows at a reading point as said member is moved, the indicia at said reading point in any one of the several rows designating the correct size hose for terminating at its upper end at the elevation of said member after the hose is iitted on a leg 70 the thickness of which is identified by the indicia that identifies the row in which the reading is taken as to leg thickness. ’ A 9. In a construction as defined in claim 8, said elongated device comprising normally vertically 75 4 2,110,895 disposed upper and lovver tubular elements tele scopically slidable one within the other to various that slidably receives the inner element therein at the end thereof adapted to progressively uncover degrees of extension vertically, the rows of indi cia being disposed one on each of the sides of the device. inner element that is received within the other, the indicia designating leg thicknesses being re spectively disposed one on each >of the sides of the device on which the rows are positioned, said member comprising a projection extending lat erally from a side of the upper element, and said means comprising the end edge of theelemen't the sides of the inner element upon extending the 10. In a construction as deñned in claim 8, means secured to the lower end of said device ar ranged and adapted to engage the foot of a per son and to position the lower end of the device in fixed relation to a predetermined point on any sized and shaped foot. PAUL VERDIER.