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Патент USA US2110895

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March 15, 1938.
p, VERDER
2,110,895
HOS IERY MEA SURING DEVICE
Filed Dec. 25. 1935
F161.
l
50
26
15
INVENTOR.
77em- #EAW/El?
2,110,895
Patented Mar. 15, 1938v
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,110,895
HOSIERY MEASURING DEVICE
Paul Verdier, San Francisco, Calif.
Application December 23, 1935, Serial No. 55,737
10 Claims. (Cl. 33-8)
This invention relates to a device for determin
ing the correct length of hosiery for wearers, and
has for its objects the provision of a simple device
for accurately and quickly determining, in ad»,
Y 5 ' Vance of a ñtting, the correct length, in> inches
or other arbitrary scale, of hose required for legs
of various sizes.
,
^
Other objects and advantages will appear'in
the following specification and drawing attached
Ie." 0"
thereto.
'
.
.
.
j
In the drawing,‘Fig. 1 is a side elevational view
of one form of my device.
`
`
Fig; 2 is a front elevational view of the device
of Fig. 1.
mi
n
>
>
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along the line
3-3 of Fig. 1.
p
\
Fig. 4 is a sectional View taken along the line
4_4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line
20' 5-5 of Fig. l showing a portion of a shoe and
leg of a person in dotted line.
Fig. 6 is a side elevationalV view of another form
of my invention showing a shoe and leg of a
u person in dotted line.
`
,
Fig. 7 is a plan view of the upper end of the
device of Fig. 6.
'
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken along the line
8-8 of Fig. 6.
.
~ Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along the line
30 9--9 of Fig. 6.
‘
'
~
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary rear elevational View
of the upper end of a portion of Fig. 1.
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary view of a portion of
the device of Fig. 6 as seen` in elevation.
Fig. 12 is a `fragmentary view of a portion of the
device of Fig. 6~ as seen ink eleva-tion.
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary View of a portion of
the device of Fig. 6> as seen in elevation.
_
Brieñy described, heretofore hosiery for: women
40 has been supplied according to the" size of the
foot and in different lengths for each foot size.
All stockings are more or less elastic, according
to the type of weave and whether loosely or tightly
_ woven.
Also some manufacturers incorporate
elastic thread into the stocking adjacent the up
per end so as to permit elasticity between the
less elastic lower portion andthe proper point of
attachment of theu garter.
Obviously, if Vthe
Stockings are too long, they must be folded over
50 and the greater the strain on the lower less-elastic
portion.
If the stockings are took short, the
strain is excessive due to the fact that the elastic
55
wearer willvary as to the height it reaches onV
the leg in proportion tothe circumference of the
calf, the problem of supplying a proper length
stocking to a customer purchasing therstockings
has not heretofore been solved insofar asjI am
aware.' Obviously, it would be prohibitive to
permit a customer to try on three or four different
sizes before buying, even. if the customers were
willing.
Il have discovered that there is a definite rela
the circumference of a wearer’s calf whereby it
is possible to determine the degree to which such
stocking will shorten in: height, when on the leg,
below its normal length before fitting. The prac 15
tical adaptation of this relationship to a scale
device whereby the correct length of stocking is
quickly determi-ned in advance of a ñtting for
persons having calves of varying sizes comprises
my invention.
20y
"In detail, my device, as shown in Figs. 1 to 5
and 10, comprises an- upright, dat-sided stick I
of approximately 36 inches in length whereby it
vvílLext’end from about the iioor to appreciably
above the knee of a wearer. A foot member 2 is 25
secured to said stick at its lower end and pro
jects at right angles from a side thereof, said
member bein-g formed -at 3 to snugly lit across and
against the instep> of a shoe 4 that is provided
with a heel 5 without removing the shoe from the
wearer and when the wearer is in standing posi
tion.
See Fig. 5.
i
Below the foot member 2 is a base 6 adapted to
rest on the floor, and’ said base and foot member
are connected'at their opposite ends by bolts or
pins 1 for slidable movement of the foot member
toward the base, and' coil springs 8 are interposed
between the foot member and base normally tend
ing to yieldably force the foot member and base
apart to the limits of heads 9 of the bolts 1.
These 'bolts are secured to the base at their lower
ends and loosely pass through foot member 2
at their upper ends with the heads 9 on the bolts
preventing separation of said member and base.,
The foregoing> construction insures the foot 45
member positively engaging against the instep
of the shoe, below the wearer’s instep, irrespec
tive of the height of the shoe heel while permitting
the wearer to stand firmly and normally on the
floor.
f
The upright stick I is vertically grooved at I0
along opposite edges and a gauge II formed with
limit of the stockings is approached before en
ears I2 (Fig. 3) that engage in said grooves
gagement with the garters.
respectively is positioned onv the side of the stick
from which the foot member 2 projects. Said
In view of the fact that a stocking when on the
10
tion between any given stocking construction and
50
'2,110,895
gauge and ears are elongated vertically so as to
I1, respectively, except that the scale is inverted
provide a firm bearing surface on the stick and
at the lower end of the gauge a horizontally
ber I4 is carried on one side of the gauge and
and the numerals on each scale become greater
in descending along the p-iece instead of becoming
greater as the scales ascend.
At the upper end of piece 20 a yoke 25 is pro
vided resembling yoke I3 but much closer to the
stick so as to not interfere with the leg of the per
son being measured. Fig. 6 shows in dotted line,
is normally adapted to frictionally engage an edge
of the stick to hold the gauge in any adjusted
measuring.
disposed yoke I3 projects outwardly, which yoke
is formed at its outer »end to generally conform
to the horizontal contour of the leg of a person
at a point above the knee. A spring detent mem
position, said detent projecting outwardly of the
side of the gauge at one end for pressing against
a spring to release the detent from engagement
with the stick.
On the side I' of the stick opposite said gauge
the stick may be graduated in inches as indicated
a leg L as seen from the rear, in position for
a thumb screw 26 may be provided on the outer
end of ~ a stud bolt 21 that is secured at its inner
in Fig. 10, commencing from the upper surface
end to the lower end of piece 25, said stud bolt
of the foot member 2 at the point where the
member engages the instep, and the inch marks
20 being indicated with the regular indicia. On the
opposite side of the stick from the'aforesaid grad-V
being slidable in a vertical slot formed in the
uations, are three vertically extending scales I5,l
resistance between the two pieces 26 and 2l isordinarily/found to be sufficient to‘secure them
I 3 shown in the drawing as spaced an inch apart,
against accidental movement relatively.
point -opposite the twenty-one inch graduation
on the inch scale or the equivalent distance from
the foot member 2 in case the inch scale is not
_ used.
30
side of the piece 2l. Upon tightening the nut,
the pieces 29, 2| will then be positively locked in 20
any desired position. However, the frictional
I6, I1, of horizontal vertically spaced graduations
25 each scale' commencing at its lower end at the
' The Ascale I 5 is headed at its upper end with the
ñgure “121/2” and the letter “S-” thus designat«
ing the scalel as relating to a 121/2 inch calf or
less, which is small in size. The scale I6 is
, headed “13” and “M”, indicating its reference to
35 a _“medium”-calf of about 13 inch circumference.
The scale Il is headed “131/2” and “L+” thus re
ferring to a calf of from 131/2 inch upward in
circumference, or “large”, These headings may
obviously be varied and still convey the same
import.
In operation, the wearer merely places her foot
over the foot member 2 with said member under
the instep of the shoe and the gauge I I is slipped
along the stick to the' height along the upper leg
- indicated by the wearer as being the length stock
ing desired.
If the calf circumference is 13
inches or a fraction less than 1/2 inch more or less,
the scale I8 will indicate immediately a figure,
say “27”, as shown in the drawing, indicating
' that in order for the stocking to reach‘ that height
when ñtted, a 27 inch length stocking will be
necessary, although the actual length from the
instep to said height is only 23 inches. Of course,
this particular scale wouldbe for the particular
ï type of stocking desired, and the indicia I8’ would
accordingly be modified as toiweave, etc., and
the scale for another type-of stocking mightin
dicate 26 inches. But the relationship of a
greater length than the actual'length from the
60 instep to the desired `height would always exist.
Enclosed within the lower end of piece 2| is a 25.
coil expansion spring 21 adapted to react between
a pin or stop 28 at its upper end securedto'pi'ec’e
2| and the upper end of a -square r'od or lpiece
of square tubing 29 telescopically fitted within
the lower end of said piece. Said square rod 29 30
is provided at its lower end with a'base plate'ê’
extending below foot member 2’A for resting on
the floor. It will be seen that upon the 'foot of
the wearer being positioned over the foot mem
ber 2’ as in Fig. 6 the foot member is free to be
If desired, of course, regular inchv graduations
and indicia may be provided on the side of the 45
telescopic tubing 2l] adjacent the leg of the wear
er, whereby the scaleA can readily befused-to
measure the length of the hose to correspond to
the indicia on the other side or sides of tubing 2li.
It is, of course, manifest that a> cushion of 50
sponge rubber may be used in place of the springs
8 and 21 positioned below and secured to the
foot members 2, 2’, andthe ybase plates 6, 6’
removed, but the springs are preferable. Also,
instead of._` ‘telescopic tubing,v other telescopic 55
forms may be> used, or pieces sliding side by side
in guides, but the square tubing is the preferred
form.
Other minor variations may also be made
in lconstruction without departing materially
from the invention, and the claims appendedY 60
hereto are intended to cover such >other forms
the use of the device for measuring the stocking
to give the proper length.
In Fig. 6 I show another formA of device in‘
as may come within the spirit of the invention. -
lengths or pieces of telescopic square tubing,
in which an upper piece 20 telescopes intoV a lower
piece 2l. Y The lower piece has a foot member 2’,î
formed to snugly engage across the instep of the
shoe, secured rigidly to its lower end and ex
tending laterally to one side with the outer end
of the foot member turned up at 2| to insure
proper positioning of the foot. The upper piece
2B is graduated on three sides, 22, 23, and 24,
75 with graduations corresponding to scales I5, I6,
35
yieldably forced downward to accommodate any
height of heel on the shoe,'and`the`foot- member
2’ will always snugly engage across the instep of
the wearer. Since the foot member is fixed rela
tive to the upper end of the outer telescopic 40
tubing 2|, the reading at the upper end of said
tubing will be uniform and correct at all times.
The inch scale on one side ofthe stick facilitates
65 which this upright stick is constructed of't‘wo
10
In the form of device shown in Fig. 6, the read
ing of the graduations on piece 20 is made at the
upper end of the lower piece 2 I, and to facilitate
the sliding of piece 2U relative to the piece 2I,
In order to insure the rod 29 against separa
tion vfrom the tubing 2 I , I provide a slot 30 along
side the spring 21 in which a pin 3| secured to 65
the upper end of rod 29 is» adapted to slide. The
spring 2T will, of course, normally force the rod`
29'outwardly to the distance permitted by the
lower end of slot 30.
Having described‘my invention, I claim:
1. A device for use in determining proper'ho
siery lengths for a wearer comprising upper and
lower vertically extending elongated strips se
cured together for sliding relatively in opposite
vertical directions, the llower strip being provided
3
2,110,895
with a lateral projection at Íits lower end andthe
upper strip being provided with` a Amember ex
tending from a side thereofover the lower pro
jection, said lower- projection formed to engage'
across the instep of the shoer of the wearer land
means below said lower projection arranged ‘and
adapted to react between the floor and said pro
jection to yieldably urge said projection upwardlyagainst the instep of the vshoe when the~ 'shoeis‘
10V on thel floor and the device is‘in operativeposii
tion with the strips extending alongside the
wearer’s leg.
2. Apparatus of the character described com
prising an elongated device adapted to extend
vertically alongside the leg of a person from the
footfto a point above the knee, a member at the
lower end of the device formed to engage below
the instep of the foot, means at the upper end
of the device vertically adjustable to various
20 points of elevation above'the knee, scale indicia
including graduations on said device indicating
the degrees of modification in the length of a
Vstocking before and after the stocking is fitted
on the leg vrelative to the thickness of the leg
‘upon movement of the adjustable means to vari
ous points of elevation above the knee, and a
base at the lower end of the device yieldably sup
porting said member spaced above the floor
whereby said member is yieldably urged upwardly
30 at all times toward the instep of the foot.
3. Apparatus of the character described corn
prising an elongated flat-sided member adapted
to extend vertically alongside the leg of a person
substantially from the foot to a point above the
knee, means slidably mounted on said member for
vertical movement and projecting laterally from
a side of said member, scale indicia including
lgraduations on one side of said device indicating
the degrees of modification in the length of a
40
stocking before and after the stocking is fitted
on the leg relative to the thickness of the leg
upon movement of the slidably mounted means
to various degrees of elevation, means for posi
tioning said device at its lower end in fixed rela
45 tion to the foot of the person and means yield
ably supporting said last mentioned means a dis
tance above the floor.
4. Apparatus of the character described com
prising an elongated flat-sided device adapted
50 to extend vertically alongside the leg of a person
substantially from the foot to a point above the
knee, means slidably mounted on said member for
vertical movement and projecting laterally from
a side of said device, scale indicia including grad
uations on one side of said device indicating the
degrees of modiiication in the length of a stocking
before and after the stocking is fitted on the leg
relative to the thickness of the leg upon move
ment of the slidably mounted means to various
60 degrees of elevation, means for positioning said
device at its lower end in fixed relation to the
foot of the wearer, and said slidably mounted
means being formed at its outer end to iit against
the side of the leg of the person and to generally
follow the cross sectional contour of the leg in
shape.
5. A device for use in determining proper ho
siery lengths for a wearer comprising upper and
lower vertically extending elongated strips se
cured together for sliding relatively in opposite
vertical directions, the lower strip being provided
with a lateral projection at its lower end and the
upper strip being provided with a member ex
tending from a side thereof over said projection,
said projection being formed to engage the in
step of Ithe shoe of the .wearer and means below
said projection arranged >and adapted to react
between the floor and said projection to yieldably
urge said projection upwardly against the instep
of the shoe vwhen the shoe is on the floor and the
deviceis in operative position with the strips ex
tending alongside the wearer’s leg, said stripsccm
prising'itelesc'opic tubing with the upper strip
sliding within the lower strip.
6. A 'device’for use in determining proper ho
siery lengths for-a wearer comprising upper and’
lower vertically extending elongated strips se
cured together` for sliding relatively inA opposite
Vertical directions, the lower strip being provided
with a lateral projection at its lower end and the 15
upper strip being provided with a member ex
tending from a side thereof over said projection,
said projection being formed to engage the instep
of the shoe of the wearer and means below said
projection arranged and adapted to react between 20
the floor and said projection to yieldably urge
said projection upwardly against the instep of
the shoe when the shoe is on the iioor and the
device is in operative position with the strips
extending alongside the wearer’s leg, said strips 25
comprising telescopic tubing and said means in
cluding a base plate having a vertically extending
member telescopically slidable within the lower
end o-f said lower strip, a stop within said lower
strip and a spring engaging between said strip 30
and said member tending to urge the latter out
wardly of the strip.
7. A device for determining proper hosiery
lengths comprising a vertically extending element
adapt-ed to extend alongside the leg of a wearer 35
from the foot upwardly, a lateral projection at
the lower end of said strip formed to engage the
instep of the shoe of the wearer, a gauge member
slidably mounted on said strip for sliding Verti
cally to various points of elevation above the 40
wearer’s knee when said projection is engaged
across the instep of the shoe, a base member be
low the projection at the lower end of said ele
ment and lower projection and means for tend
ing to urge said projection and element upwardly 45
when the base plate is on the floor.
8. Apparatus for use in determining hosiery
sizes for legs of various thicknesses prior to iitting
the hosiery on the legs comprising an elongated
device adapted to be disposed vertically alongside 50
the leg to be fitted with the lower end of the
device in iixed position adjacent the foot of the
leg, a plurality of rows of indicia in side by side
relationship inscribed on the device with the
rows extending longitudinally thereof, the indicia 55
in the rows respectively being in terms of differ
ent sizes of hose, other indicia inscribed on the
device in terms designating different leg thick
nesses respectively disposed to identify the in
dividual rows of indicia, said device including a 60
member movable longitudinally therefore rela
tive to the lower end thereof to various points
of elevation along the leg above the knee thereof,
means arranged and adapted to successively fa
cilitate the reading of the indicia of the several 65
rows at a reading point as said member is moved,
the indicia at said reading point in any one of
the several rows designating the correct size hose
for terminating at its upper end at the elevation
of said member after the hose is iitted on a leg 70
the thickness of which is identified by the indicia
that identifies the row in which the reading is
taken as to leg thickness.
’
A
9. In a construction as defined in claim 8, said
elongated device comprising normally vertically 75
4
2,110,895
disposed upper and lovver tubular elements tele
scopically slidable one within the other to various
that slidably receives the inner element therein at
the end thereof adapted to progressively uncover
degrees of extension vertically, the rows of indi
cia being disposed one on each of the sides of the
device.
inner element that is received within the other,
the indicia designating leg thicknesses being re
spectively disposed one on each >of the sides of
the device on which the rows are positioned, said
member comprising a projection extending lat
erally from a side of the upper element, and said
means comprising the end edge of theelemen't
the sides of the inner element upon extending the
10. In a construction as deñned in claim 8,
means secured to the lower end of said device ar
ranged and adapted to engage the foot of a per
son and to position the lower end of the device
in fixed relation to a predetermined point on any
sized and shaped foot.
PAUL VERDIER.
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